MARKETS AND FAIRS TO 1516: INTRODUCTION
UNIDENTIFIED PLACES AND OTHER PLACES WHICH MAY HAVE HAD A MARKET OR
FAIR BEFORE 1516
1. Unidentified markets and fairs in England
from the primary sources
Place not named
Market, 1180. PR, 26 Hen II, p. 22.
Fairs, 1185. PR, 31 Hen II, p. 7.
Free fairs, 1200. PR, 2 John, p. 148.
Market and fair, 12556. CChR, 14271516, p.
Bareate or Barete, market at, 1199. RCh, p. 16b.
Barry super Alba'. RLC, ii, p. 186b.
Barwe, market and fair at,1204. RCh, p. 132.
Beretre, fair at, 1246. CChR, 122657, p. 294.
Chelebiry, fair at, 1252. CChR, 122657, p. 393.
Estrindeha', fair at, 1214. RLP, p. 120b.
Faukes, fair at, 1203. RCh, p. 110b.
Grimeston, fair at, and another at Norton, 1201. RCh, p 91.
Hertford or Ware, market which might be at. CRR, iii, p.
Kornikal or Cornikal, fair at, 1200. RCh, p. 66b.
Silbinton, fair at, 1245. CR, 12427, p. 288.
Steinton, market at, 1208. RLC, i, p. 101.
Stow, fair at, 1205. RLC, i, p. 59b.
Wicton, market and fair at, 1201. RCh, p. 89b.
Welham, market at, 12223. PRO C 60/8 m.9.
Neuton, market at, 1203. PR, 5 John, p. 27.
Halsnod, market at, 1224. RLC, i, p. 584.
Burn', fair at, 1226. RLC, ii, p. 129.
Fairs and other liberties, 1215. PR, 16 John, p. 154.
Eismanhawe. RLC, ii, p. 105.
Tapelton, market at, 1223. RLC, i, p. 537b.
Durles, fair at, 1223. RLC, i, p. 554.
2. Unidentified boroughs in the Burghal
It is possible that markets were held at these burhs, if only for a
Eorpeburnan (Defence, p. 201).
Sashes (Shaftsey), Berkshire. An island in the river Thames,
near Cookham. (Defence, pp. 21516)
3. Unidentified Anglo-Saxon
It is possible that markets were held at these places, as by virtue
of their having a mint they would have been burhs or centres of
Gothabur operating c.9791042; possibly in south-
west England. (Challis, p. 63)
Darent operating 92439. This unidentified mint was in
the west. (Challis, pp. 43, 47)
Weardburh operating 924Edmund and Edgar. (Challis, pp.
4. A place that may have had a market
Littledean, Gloucestershire. In 1276, a certain brother from Leonard
Stanley priory was selling all kinds of merchandise except bread at
Littledean.1 This is noted in
VCH, which also notes that in the late middle ages a market
may have been held by the church at Littledean. From 1573, the market
was centred around the market cross. The strongest evidence for a
market is certainly post-medieval.2
Wakes were festive assemblies at which trade sometimes took place. No
attempt was made to record them systematically, but the following
information was collected during the project:
A wake was recorded in Little Wittenham, Berkshire in 1246.
CR, 12427, p. 400. See the entry for Marlborough,
In 1212, the Abbot of Abingdon claimed that he did not have a fair at
Wantage, Berkshire, but a wake which his predecessors had held since
the conquest of England. CRR, vi, pp. 232, 2967. See the
entry for Wantage.
About 1224, the fair that had been granted at Southbroom, Wiltshire
in 1208 was described as a wake. RLC, i, pp. 105b, 633; VCH
Wiltshire, x, pp. 2678.
1. RH, i, p. 182.
2. VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 168.
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