GAZETTEER OF MARKETS AND FAIRS TO 1516: INTRODUCTION
GENERAL GRANTS OR CONFIRMATIONS OF THE RIGHT TO HOLD A MARKET OR FAIR
Because of the uncertainty concerning which places actually acquired a market or fair, this material was not entered in the main body of the Gazetteer.
On 22 November 1214, the sheriff of Lincolnshire was instructed that King John had granted to H. bishop of Lincoln and his successors the right to have fairs of three or four days duration and markets once a week on all of their manors, where they wished, without damaging neighbouring markets and fairs. RLC, i, p. 179b.
On 5 February 1227, King Henry III granted Hugh, bishop of Lincoln and his successors that no market established since the king's first coronation or to be hereafter established outside the king's demesnes should be held to the damage of any markets which the said bishop had before that coronation. CChR, 1226-57, p. 2.
On 17 February 1227, King Henry III granted the bishop of Bath and his successors the manor of Congresbury, Somerset. He also granted that they might have fairs for two or three days and markets for one day in the week in all of their manors, so that it be not to the damage of neighbouring fairs or markets. CChR, 1226-57, p. 16.
On 20 January 1236, King Henry III granted Jocelin, bishop of Bath and his successors, that no market which was set up after the king's first coronation or which should hereafter be set up without the royal demesne to the damage of any market which the said bishop had before the said coronation, should stand or be held. CChR, 1226-57, p. 216.
On 5 June 1284, King Edward I quitclaimed to John, bishop of Winchester and his successors of all the king's right in the castles and manors of Wolvsey, Farnham, Taunton, the soke of Winchester, Rimpton, Knoyle with the borough of Hindon, Fonthill Bishop, Bishopstone, Downton with the borough of Marden, Crawley, Bitterne with Fawley, Ower, Stoneham and 'Penymore', Twyford with Marwell and Bishopstoke, Bishop's Waltham, Fareham with the borough, East Meon with 'Ambresham', Hambledon, Sutton and Ropley and 'Helleye', Old Alresford with the borough, Cheriton, Beaworth, Wield, Bentley, Esher with Norwood, Southwark, Ivinghoe, West Wycombe, Morton, Wargrave with Bishops' Waltham, Culham, 'Pillingbere', Warfield, 'Edburbery', Witney with the borough, Brightwell, Harwell, Highclere, Woodhay, Burghclere, Ashmansworth, Ecchinswell, Nova Villa, Overton with the borough, North Waltham, Droxford, Havant with the tenants of Hayling, Alverstoke with Gosport and Upton and Knoyle, with all pertaining thereto, with the fair of St Giles [Winchester] and all other fairs and markets in the said manors. CChR, 1257-1300, p. 274.
On 12 February 1462, King Edward IV granted the citizens and commonalty of Norwich that no market should be granted by the king within a circuit of five leagues of the city of Norwich. CChR, 1427-1516, p. 148.
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