A abbot
Abb. Plac. Placitorum in Domo Capitulari Westmonasteriensi Asservatorum Abbreviatio (London, 1811)
Actes des Henri IIRecueil des Actes de Henri II, 4 vols., ed. L. Delisle and E. Berger (Paris, 1906- 27)
Archbp archbishop
As abbess
Ballard and TaitA. Ballard and J. Tait (eds.), British Borough Charters, 1216- 1307 (Cambridge, 1923)
BeresfordM. Beresford, New Towns of the Middle Ages (London, 1967)
BFM. Beresford and H.R.P. Finberg, English Medieval Boroughs: a handlist (London, 1973)
Bk of FeesLiber Feodorum: The Book of Fees commonly called Testa de Nevill (1198-1293), 2 vols (London, 1920-31)
Bp bishop
C convent
C 60/Fine Rolls, Public Record Office, Kew
Ca canons
CADDescriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the Public Record Office, 6 vols (London, 1890- 1915)
Cartae AntiquaeCartae Antiquae, rolls 1- 10, ed. L. Landon (Pipe Rolls Soc. xvii, 1939); rolls 11-20, ed. J. Conway-Davis (Pipe Roll Soc. new series xxxiii, 1960)
CChRCalendar of Charter Rolls (1226-1516) 6 vols. (London, 1903-27)
CCRCalendar of Close Rolls (1272-1485), 45 vols. (London, 1892-1954); (1485-1509) 2 vols., ed. R.E. Latham, S.S. Wilson (London, 1955, 1963)
CCWCalendar of Chancery Warrants (1244-1326) (London, 1927)
CDSCalendar of Documents relating to Scotland preserved in the Public Record Office (1108-1509) 4 vols., ed. J. Bain (Edinburgh, 1881-8)
ch church
ChallisC. Challis, A New History of the Royal Mint (Cambridge, 1992)
CIMCalendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous preserved in the Public Record Office, 7 vols. (London, 1916- 68)
CIPMCalendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogus documents in the Public Record Office, (Henry III-7 Richard II) 15 vols. (London, 1904- 70)
CPRCalendar of Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office (1232- 1509), 52 vols. (London, 1891- 1916)
CRClose Rolls of the Reign of Henry III, (1227-72) 14 vols. (London, 1902-38)
CRRCuria Regis Rolls of the reigns of Richard I, John and Henry III preserved in the Public Record Office, 16 vols. (London, 1922- 79)
DarbyH.C. Darby, Domesday England (Cambridge, 1977)
Darby and MaxwellH.C. Darby and I.S. Maxwell eds. The Domesday Geography of Northern England (Cambridge, 1962)
DefenceThe Defence of Wessex: the Burghal Hidage and Anglo-Saxon fortifications ed. D. Hill and A.R. Rumble (Manchester, 1996)
depdependent (as in Easter dep)
EcHREconomic History Review
EkwallE. Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, 4th edition (Oxford, 1980)
EverittA. Everitt's list of market towns c.1500- 1640 published in Agrarian History of England and Wales, iv (Cambridge, 1967), pp. 468-75
EYCEarly Yorkshire Charters, vols. 1-3, ed. W. Farrer (Edinburgh, 1914-16); vols. 4-10, ed. C.T. Clay (Yorkshire Archaeological Soc. record series, extra series, 1935-55)
FAInquisitions and Assessments relating to Feudal Aids; with other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office AD 1284-1431, 6 vols. (London, 1899- 1920)
FF EssexFeet of Fines for Essex, 3 vols., ed. R.E.G. Kirk and E.F. Kirk (Essex Archaeological Soc., Colchester, 1899-1949)
GCMarket or fair granted by charter
GECG.E. Cokayne, Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, ireland, Great Britain and United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, new edition, revised by V. Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, D. Warrand, Lord Howard de Walden, G.H. White, 12 vols. (London, 1910- 59)
GLMarket or fair granted by letter close
GlasscockR.E. Glasscock (ed), The Lay Subsidy of 1334, Records of the Social and Economic History, new series, ii (London, 1975)
GOMarket or fair granted by means other than charter, letter close or letter patent
Goodfellow P. Goodfellow, ‘Medieval markets in Northamptonshire’, Northamptonshire Past and Present, 7 (1987–88)
GPMarket or fair granted by letter patent
Griffiths R.A. Griffiths ed., Boroughs of Medieval Wales (Cardiff, 1978)
GuideF.A. Youngs (ed.), Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England (Royal Historical Society, 1991)
HarrisonW. Harrison, The Description of England (Ithaca, N.Y., 1968)
Hinton, 'Coins and Commercial Centres' D.A. Hinton, 'Coins and Commercial Centres in Anglo-Saxon England', in M.A.S. Blackburn (ed.), Anglo-Saxon Monetary History: Essays in Memory of Michael Dolley (Leicester, 1986)
Kowaleski, Local Markets M. Kowaleski, Local Markets and Regional Trade in Exeter (Cambridge, 1995)
KWHistory of the Kings Works: the Middle Ages, R. Allen Brown, H.M. Colvin, A.J. Taylor (London, 1963)
L and P Henry VIIILetters and Papers Foreign and Domestic, of the reign of Henry VIII, 1509-47, vols. 1-4, ed. J.S. Brewer; vols. 5-12, ed. J. Gairdner; vols. 14-21, ed. R.H. Brodie (London, 1862- 1910)
Lee, 'John Leland's Itinerary' J.S. Lee, 'The functions and fortunes of English small towns at the close of the middle ages: evidence from John Leland's Itinerary', Urban History, 37 (2010), 3-25
LewisE.A. Lewis, The Medieval Boroughs of Snowdonia: a study of the rise and development of the municipal element in the ancient principalities of North Wales down to the Act of Union of 1536 (London, 1912)
M monks
MasschaeleJ. Masschaele, Peasants, Merchants and Markets: Inland Trade in Medieval England, 1150-1350 (New York, 1997)
Medieval Religious HousesD. Knowles and R. N. Hadcock, Medieval Religious Houses of England and Wales (London, 1971)
MidgeleyM. Midgeley (ed.), Ministers' Accounts of the Earldom of Cornwall, 1296-7 (Camden 3rd series, lxvi, 1942-5), vol 1
MonasticonMonasticon Anglicanum, ed. W. Dugdale, reprinted new edition by J. Caley, H. Ellis and B. Bandinel, 6 vols. (1846)
Nnun or nuns
P prior
PRPipe Rolls (The Great Roll of the Pipe...) given in the form: PR, King and year of reign, page no.'
Ps prioress
QWPlacita de Quo Warranto, Edward I-Edward III in Curia Receptae Scaccarii Westm. Asservati, ed. W. Illingworth (London, 1818)
Ransford, Early ChartersR. Ransford ed., Early Charters of the Augustinian Canons of Waltham Abbey, Essex, 1062-1230 (Woodbridge, 1989)
RChRotuli Chartarum (London 1837)
RegestaRegesta Regum Anglo- Normannorum, vol. 1, ed. H.W.C. Davis ed. (Oxford, 1913); vol. 2, ed. C. Johnson and H.A. Cronne (Oxford, 1956); vols. 3 and 4, ed. H.A. Cronne and R.H.C. Davis (Oxford, 1968)
Regesta 1066-87Regesta Regum Anglo- Normannorum The Acta of William I (1066- 87), ed. D. Bates (Oxford, 1998)
RHRotuli Hundredorum (London, 1812-18)
RLCRotuli Litterarum Clausarum (1204-27) 2 vols. (London, 1833, 1844)
RLPRotuli Litterarum Patentium in Turri Londinensi Asservati (1201-16) ed. T.D. Hardy (London, 1835)
Roles Gascons, 1242-54 Rôles Gascons, 1242-54, tome premier, ed F. Michel (Paris, 1885)
Roles Gascons, 1254-55Rôles Gascons, 1254-55, supplément au tome premier, ed. C. Bémont (Paris, 1896)
RosserG. Rosser, Medieval Westminster 1200- 1540 (Oxford, 1989)
Rot de Obl et FinRotuli de Oblatis (1, 2, 3, 9 John) et Finibus (6, 7, 15, 17, 18 John) in Turri Londinensi Asservati, ed. T.D. Hardy (London, 1835)
Sawyer, 'Sussex Markets'F. E. Sawyer, 'Sussex Markets and Fairs', Sussex Archaeological Collections, xxxvi, Lewes (1888)
Smith, Vale-RoyallW. Smith, The Vale-Royall of England or the Countie Palatine of Chester Illustrated (London, 1656) [the section on 'market towns' is reprinted in G. Ormerod, The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, 2nd edn, rev. T. Helsby, 3 vols (London 1882), vol. 1, pp. 137-9]
SoulsbyI. Soulsby, The Towns of Medieval Wales (Chichester, 1983)
VCHVictoria County History. The reference is given in form VCH [County], volume, p.
West Riding Boroughs M. Beresford, 'Gazetteer of West Riding Boroughs', appended to G.H. Martin, E.A. Danbury, P.J.P. Goldberg, B.J. Barber and M.W. Beresford, Doncaster: A Borough and its Charters (Doncaster, 1994).
Willis-BundJ. Willis-Bund ed., An extent of all the lands and rents of the Lord Bishop of St David's; made by Master David Fraunceys, chancellor of St David's, in the time of the venerable father the Lord David Martyn, by the grace of God bishop of the place, in the year of Our Lord 1326 (London, 1902)

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