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Last updated: 27 February, 2007

NB: Updates/additions since the printed Gazetteer was published in 2003 are given in red

AMPTHILL 5037 2382. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Ampthill and Millbrook, Bedfordshire (q.v.) were valued together at 159 (Glasscock, p. 3). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 174). Fair 1587, 23 Apr (Harrison, p. 393). See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 268.
M (Grant: other) Thurs; mercatum, gr 29 Jan 1219, by K Hen III to Nicholas Poinz and Johanna his wife. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Bedfordshire (C 60/11 m. 9). Nova Oblata: they owed 5m. (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 58). It is possible that this Johanna was the same woman as the Joan de Albiniaco who was granted the market below in 1242 (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 211 n. 47).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 6 May 1242, by K Hen III to Joan de Albiniaco. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 274). Market held by Peter de Sancta Cruce and Almaricus de Sancto Amando (who was under age and in the king’s custody), heirs of Joan Albiniaco, recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 66). Mandate to the justices in eyre to permit Eleanor de Keynes to hold her Thurs market at the town as was the custom, notwithstanding the eyre, dated 11 Jul 1330. Eleanor held the town at farm from the king on account of the minority of the heir of John de Sancto Amando, deceased (CCR, 1330–33, p. 145). Thurs market continued in the twentieth century (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 268).
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); gr 6 May 1242, by K Hen III to Joan de Albiniaco. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 274). In 1330, the fair was held by Peter de Sancta Cruce and Almaricus de Sancto Amando (who was under age and in the king’s custody), heirs of Joan Albiniaco (QW, p. 66).

ARLESEY 5192 2375. 1334 Subsidy 131.50. See also VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 263.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1086, mercatum (Darby, p. 369). The market was worth 10s.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 3 Aug 1270, by K Hen III to Stephen de Eddeworth. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 149). There is no evidence of the market after the thirteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 263).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 3 Aug 1270, by K Hen III to Stephen de Eddeworth . To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 149). There is no evidence of the fair after the thirteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 263).

ASPLEY GUISE 4942 2363. 1334 Subsidy 64.06.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 20 Apr 1267, by K Hen III to Anselm de Gyse. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 74). Market held by John de Gyse recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 38).
F (Charter) vf+2, Botolph (17 Jun); gr 20 Apr 1267, by K Hen III to Anselm de Gyse. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 74). Fair held by John de Gyse recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 38).

BEADLOW 5105 2385. Beadlow (Beaulieu) priory escheated to the Crown in 1434, after which the buildings decayed. Beadlow is the modern name for Beaulieu (A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton, The Place Names of Bedfordshire and Huntingdonshire (Cambridge, 1926) p. 147; VCH Bedfordshire, i, p. 351).
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 28 Nov 1293, by K Edw I to P and C of Beaulieu. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 432). Fair held by the P of Beaulieu recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 26).

BEDFORD 5049 2497. Borough 915 (BF, p. 65). Mint Edmund/Edgar–1154. 1334 Subsidy 195.79. K Edw the Elder obtained the borough in 915. Borough in Domesday Book (BF, p. 65; Darby, p. 364). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 174). Fair 1587, 24 Jun; 1 Aug; 10 Aug; 21 Sept (Harrison, pp. 394–6). See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 21.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 25 Apr 1225, mercatum, held by K Hen III. Market was alleged to be damaged by that at Shefford, Bedfordshire (q.v.) (RLC, ii, p. 26). The profits of the market were 20s. 4d. in the mid fifteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 21).

BIGGLESWADE 5182 2446. Borough 1247 (BF, p. 65). 1334 Subsidy 83.41. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 174). Fair 1587, 2 Feb; 9 Apr; Mon in Whit week; 22 Jul, 23 Oct (Harrison, pp. 392–6).
M (Grant: other) gr 1199x22 Nov 1214, by K John to H bp of Lincoln. The text of this grant does not survive. The grant was presumably that referred to in the notice to the sh of Lincolnshire on 22 Nov 1214, which stated that the king had granted to H bp of Lincoln and his successors the right to have a market once a week on all of their manors, where they wished, without damaging neighboring markets (RLC, i, p. 179b). K Hen III granted the market to Hugh bp of Lincoln on 30 Apr 1227, as it had been granted by K John, to be held freely and without interruption (CChR, 1226–57, p. 33). K Hen III granted the market to Hugh bp of Lincoln on 15 May 1229, as it had been granted by K John (CChR, 1226–57, p. 105). Mandate to the sh of Bedfordshire to restore to R. bp of Lincoln the market, which had been taken into the king’s hands, 5 May 1251 (CR, 1247–51, p. 438). Market held by Oliver, bp of Lincoln recorded in 1287; Mon market held by Henry, bp of Lincoln recorded in 1330 (QW, pp. 13, 42). Mandate to the justices in eyre to permit Henry, bp of Lincoln to hold his Mon market as he was accustomed, notwithstanding the eyre, 26 Jun 1330 (CCR, 1330–33, p. 144).
F (Prescriptive) f, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); feria recorded 20 Jul 1229, held by H. bp of Lincoln. On 20 Jul 1229, the date of the feast was changed from Assumption of Mary to Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept). The fair was held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Bedfordshire to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held (CR, 1227–31, p. 193). Fair held by Oliver, bp of Lincoln recorded in 1287; fair held on vf Exaltation of Holy Cross held by Henry, bp of Lincoln recorded in 1330 (QW, pp. 13, 42).

BLUNHAM 5153 2511. 1334 Subsidy 74.75. See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 229.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 17 Jul 1314, by K Edw II to John de Hastynges. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 239). The latest evidence for the market dates from the fourteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 229).
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 17 Jul 1314, by K Edw II to John de Hastynges. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 239). The latest evidence for the fair dates from the fourteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 229).

CAMPTON 5130 2381. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Campton was valued with Shefford at 107.50.
M (Letter Close) Fri; mercatum, gr 23 Jul 1215, by K John to Henry fitz Gerold. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Bedfordshire to cause him to have it (RLC, i, p. 222). The grant to Henry fitz Gerold is mentioned in the Pipe roll of 1230 (PR, 14 Hen III, p. 125).
F (Letter Close) f+1, Michael (29 Sept); feria gr 23 Jul 1215, by K John to Henry fitz Gerold (RLC, i, p. 222). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Bedfordshire to cause him to have it.

DUNSTABLE 5022 2219. Borough established by K Hen I c.1114 (BF, p. 66). 1334 Subsidy 211.62. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 174). Fair 1587, 9 May; 1 Aug (Harrison, pp. 394–5).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1131x33, when K Hen I issued a general notification of his grant of Dunstable with its market and other liberties to the Ca of St Peter of Dunstable (Regesta, ii, no. 1827). In 1287, the P of Dunstable held Wed and Sat markets, which he claimed by right of a charter granted by K Ric I on 3 Jul 1190 (QW, p. 14).
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1189, held by Ca of Dunstable. In 1189, K Ric I granted a fair at Royston, Hertfordshire (q.v.) for the week of Pentecost (Easter dep) to Royston priory, which included all the customs of the fairs of the Ca of Dunstable (Monasticon, vi, pt i, p. 405). In 1287, the P of Dunstable claimed a fair (feria) on the f Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug) from time immemorial (QW, pp. 72–3).
F (Charter) 10 May+2; gr 1 Jul 1203, by K John to P and Ca of Dunstable. To be held at the vill (RCh, p. 107). The P of Dunstable was holding the fair in 1286 and 1300 (QW, pp. 14, 73).

EATON SOCON 5170 2589. 1334 Subsidy 159. See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 199.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 1227x72, mercatum, by K Hen III to William de Bello Campo. In 1330, Roger de Bello Campo claimed a Wed market by charter of K Hen III. It was stated that while the market had been active immediately after the grant, during Roger de Bello Campo’s time it had been discontinued because none came to buy (QW, p. 51).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); feria gr 1227x72, by K Hen III to William de Bello Campo. In 1330, Roger de Bello Campo claimed the fair on vfm Peter and Paul by charter of K Hen III. It was stated that while the fair had been active immediately after the grant, during Roger de Bello Campo’s time it had been discontinued because none came to buy (QW, p. 51).

ELSTOW 5049 2474. 1334 Subsidy 80. Fair 1587, 3 May (Harrison, p. 393). See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 281.
F (Grant: other) vf+2, Invention of the Cross (3 May); gr 1100x33, by K Hen I to N of Elstow. K Hen I notified the bp of Lincoln and the sh and barons of Bedfordshire that he had granted the fair to the N of Elstow. The editor of the Regesta noted that the form of this was unusual (Regesta, ii, no. 1828). In 14 Jun 1170 x Nov 1172, Henry the Young King ordered the reeves and burgesses of Bedford not to molest men coming to the M’s [sic for N’s] fair or to infringe the liberties granted by his father [K Hen II] or by K Hen I (R.J. Smith, ‘Henry II’s heir: the Acta and seal of Henry the Young King, 1170–83’, English Historical Review, 116 (2001), no. 15). Fair held by As of Elstow recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 35). On 20 May 1510, K Hen VIII made an inspeximus of Henry the Young King’s writ (R.J. Smith, ‘Henry II’s heir: the Acta and seal of Henry the Young King, 1170–83’, English Historical Review, 116 (2001), no. 15). At the Dissolution, the tolls of the fair were valued at 7 12s. (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 281).

GASTLINGS 5134 2428. See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 258.
M (Grant: other) Tues; gr 1227x72, mercatum, by K Hen III to Geoffrey Gastelyn and Johanna his wife. In 1330, John Castelyn was holding the market, which had been held since the charter was granted (QW, p. 75). VCH provides no further information for the market (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 258).

LEIGHTON BUZZARD 4919 2249. Borough 1295 (BF, p. 66). 1334 Subsidy 249.06. Leighton was a royal manor at the time of Domesday Book; it was granted to the abbey of Fontévrault by K Hen II in 1164. In the reign of K Ric I, a cell of Fontévrault, known as Grovebury, was founded at Leighton. The manor became attached to this cell. As a result of its link to an alien religious house, Leighton manor was often held by the Crown in the fourteenth century. In 1414, Grovebury priory was dissolved and in 1415 the manor passed to William de la Pole, duke of Suffolk, and his wife Alice. In 1444, they granted Leighton manor to Eton College, Berkshire, but in 1472 the manor was granted to Alice and her heirs. In 1480, Leighton manor was alienated to the dean and canons of St George’s, Windsor. There were several other manors at Leighton, one of which, Leighton Prebandal, or Rectorial manor, was held by the prebendary of Leighton, by virtue of his stall in Lincoln cathedral (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, pp. 401-3, 408). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 174). See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 401.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum. Toll of the market rendered 7 (Darby, p. 369). Market was appertenant to the manor and as part of it was granted to the abbey of Fontévrault in 1164. Shortly after 1230, the P of Leighton (Grovebury, Bedfordshire) complained that the usual attendants of his market at Leighton Buzzard were being intercepted by the market at Mursley, Buckinghamshire (q.v.). In 1343, the profits of the market were £10 (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, pp. 401, 405).
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 12 Nov 1208, by K John to William [de Ely] king’s treasurer, ca of Lincoln. To be held at his prebend of Leighton Buzzard (RCh, p. 183b). 1209, Nova Oblata: William de Ely, the Treasurer owed a palfrey for the market and the fair (PR, 11 John, p. 30). VCH does not mention this market.
F (Charter) v+2, Invention of Holy Cross (3 May); feria gr 12 Nov 1208, by K John to William [de Ely] king’s treasurer, ca of Lincoln. To be held at his prebend of Leighton Buzzard (RCh, p. 183b). 1209, Nova Oblata: William de Ely, the Treasurer owed a palfrey for the market and the fair (PR, 11 John, p. 30). VCH does not mention this fair.
F (Charter) vfm, Dunstan (19 May); gr 20 Nov 1254, by K Hen III to As Mabel and the N of Fontévrault. To be held at Leighton Buzzard (CPR, 1247–58, p. 383). As of Fonte Eboraudi [Fontévrault] was holding the fair in 1287, by a charter of K Hen III dated 20 Jan 1256 (QW, p. 3). On 6 Mar 1465, Alice, duchess of Suffolk, the present tenant of the manor, was granted an exemplification of the tenor of a certificate of certain liberties allowed to the As of Fontévrault at Leighton Buzzard, including the fair on vfm Dunstan (CPR, 1461–7, p. 446).
F (Letter Patent) vf+3, Ascension of the Lord (Easter dep); feria gr 1447, by K Hen VI to the provost and college royal of our blessed lady of Eton [Eton College] (Rotuli Parliamentorum (London, 1767–77), p. 131b). Granted during the tenure of the manor by Eton College. It is unlikely that this grant was ever implemented (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 401).
F (Letter Patent) vf+4, Edward, king and confessor (13 Oct); feria gr 1447, by K Hen VI to the provost and college royal of our blessed lady of Eton [Eton College] (Rotuli Parliamentorum (London, 1767–77), p. 131b). Granted during the tenure of the manor by Eton College. It is unlikely that this grant was ever implemented. VCH states that this grant was to be held on 4 Jan for 4 days, presumably believing that the fair was to be held on the deposition of Edward, king and confessor (5 Jan) (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 401). However, it has here been assumed that the fair was held on the translation of Edward, king and confessor (13 Oct).

LUTON 5090 2212. Borough 1221 (BF, p. 66). 1334 Subsidy 349. In c.1214, the manor passed from Baldwin de Bethune, earl of Albermarle, to William Marshal, earl of Pembroke (d. 1231), on his marriage to Baldwin’s daughter. After William’s death, the manor passed to Eleanor, his widow, who subsequently married Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester. On Eleanor’s death in 1274, Luton passed to the heirs of Isabel de Clare, wife of William de Ferrers, earl of Derby. Isabel’s heirs were her six daughters: one of whom, Agatha, married Hugh Mortimer of Chelmarsh; another, Sybil, married Frank de Bohun. The complex division of the manor and the profits of the market between the many co-heirs in the late medieval period is detailed in VCH (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, pp. 350–1). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 174). See also VCH Bedfordshire, ii, pp. 349–50.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum. Of the toll and the market, 100s. (Darby, p. 369). In 1202, it was said that the day of the market had been changed from Sun to Mon. The market was held by the earl of Alba Marle, who was in mercy; the market was to continue on Mon (Abb Plac, p. 36b). In 1330, the Mon market was held by Hugh de Mortuo Mari and Reginald son of Herbert, who was under age and in the king’s custody. Hugh and Reginald claimed their right to the market through enfeoffment by co-heiresses of the late Sybil de Ferrers (QW, p. 54). On 26 Sept 1347, Reginald son of Herbert was holding a moiety of the profits of the Mon market (CIPM, viii, no. 663).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 7 Feb 1338, by K Edw III to Hugh de Mortuo Mari (CChR, 1327–41, p. 438). Thurs market continued into the twentieth century, when the day of the market was changed to Mon (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 349).
F (Prescriptive) Assumption (15 Aug); recorded 1195x1212, held by Baldwin de Bethune (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, pp. 349–50). Baldwin de Bethune, earl of Albermarle, allowed the A of St Albans to have some of the profits of the fair (H.T. Riley ed., Registrum Abbatiae John Whethamstede, Rolls Series (London, 1872), i, p. 421). In 1330, the A of St Albans held a fair on vf Assumption of Mary, which was held in the vill until the hour of vespers. In the same year, Hugh de Mortuo Mari and Roger son of Herbert claimed the right to hold a fair on f Assumption of Mary through enfeoffment by co-heiresses of the late Sybil de Ferrers (QW, pp. 23, 54).
F (Charter) vfm, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 7 Feb 1338, by K Edw III to Hugh de Mortuo Mari. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 438). The fair continued into the twentieth century (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 349).

MARSTON-MORETAINE 4996 2411. 1334 Subsidy 182.37. See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 311.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 12 Mar 1324, by K Edw II to John de Mortayn. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 461). Market held by John de Morteyn (son of the grantee) recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 43). Market not recorded after the fourteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 311).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 12 Mar 1324, by K Edw II to John de Mortayn. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 461). Fair held by John de Morteyn (son of the grantee) recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 43). Fair not recorded after the fourteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 311).

MELCHBOURNE 5028 2653. 1334 Subsidy 94.06. See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 142.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 14 Nov 1264, by K Hen III to Roger de Veer, P of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 51). Market recorded in 1287 (QW, p. 7).
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 14 Nov 1264, by K Hen III to Roger de Veer, P of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 51). Fair recorded in 1287 (QW, p. 7).

MILLBROOK 5013 2385. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Millbrook and Ampthill, Bedfordshire (q.v.) were valued together at 159 (Glasscock, p. 3). See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 317.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1275, held by Almeric de St Amand (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 317).
F (Prescriptive) Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); recorded 1311, held by John de St Amand (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 317). John de St Amand was the brother of the Almeric de St Amand who held the market in 1275.

ODELL 4967 2581. 1334 Subsidy 67.
M (Grant: other) Thurs; mercatum, gr 1221, by K Hen III to William son of Warin. In 1221, William fitz Warin owed 100s. for having a market at Wahull. He paid 100s. for having a Thurs market, to be held until the king came of age (C 60/16 m. 8; PR, 5 Hen III, p. 63). On 27 Jan 1223, the sh of Northampton was ordered to forbid William son of Warin’s market at Waihull, if it was detrimental to R. earl of Chester and Lincoln’s market at Olney, Buckinghamshire (q.v.) (RLC, i, p. 531).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 20 Jan 1245, by K Hen III to Saer de Wahull (CChR, 1226–57, p. 281). Thurs market held by John de Wahulle, grandson of Saer, by right of the charter, recorded in 1287. In 1330, John de Wahull claimed he held the market from time out of mind; it was temporarily taken into the king’s hands (QW, pp. 3, 36). Market held every Thurs was worth 26s. 8d. in 1368. Market is recorded as an appurtenance of the manor in the thirteenth century and the first half of the fourteenth century, but thereafter it may not have been held until the eighteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, pp. 69, 73).

OLD WARDEN 5137 2433. 1334 Subsidy 50.81. See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 254.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 22 May 1308, by K Edw II to John de Boeles. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 110). In 1330, it was stated that it very often happened that at the time of the market no one came to do business (QW, p. 64). The market is not recorded after the fourteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 254).
F (Charter) vfm, Leonard (6 Nov); gr 22 May 1308, by K Edw II to John de Boeles. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 110). In 1330, it was stated that it very often happened that at the time of the fair no one came to do business (QW, p. 64). The fair is not recorded after the fourteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 254).

POTTON 5223 2491. 1334 Subsidy 81.50. Manor held by the earls of Huntingdon until 1237, when it passed to their heirs: first the Bruce family and then the Crown in the late thirteenth century. In the early thirteenth century, the sub-tenant of the manor was Christina Ledet, who married first Henry de Braybrook and second Gerard de Furnivall. The manor then passed to her grand- daughter, Alice, who married William de Latimer. It remained in the Latimer family until 1392, when it passed to Henry, earl of Derby (later duke of Lancaster and K Hen IV). As part of the duchy of Lancaster estates, it was held by the Crown in the fifteenth century, although the manor was occasionally granted out for short periods. In 1544, Potton was settled on Thomas Burgoyne and his heirs forever (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, pp. 237–9). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 174). See also VCH Bedfordshire, ii, pp. 237–9.
M (Prescriptive) Sun; recorded 1202, mercatum, held by Earl David [of Huntingdon]. In 1202, it was stated that the day of the market had been changed from Sun and that the villata was in mercy (Abb Plac, p. 36b). The villata made a fine of 20s. before the eyre for moving the market, which was to be held on Sat (PR, 5 John, p. 95). Market held by Gerard de Furnivall and Cristiana his wife in 1239: it was alleged that the market at Potton was being damaged by the market at Gamlingay, Cambridgeshire (q.v.) (CRR, xvi, no. 837). Market held by William le Latimer and Alice his wife recorded in 1287. Sat market with other liberties held by William Latimer worth only 4s. in 1330 (QW, pp. 2, 77–8). In 1544, K Hen VIII granted Thomas Burgoyne a Sat market in perpetuity. The market continued until the twentieth century (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 239). In 1600, the Tues market at Gamlingay was transferred to Potton (VCH Cambridgeshire, v, pp. 78–9).
F (Charter) vfm, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 16 Mar 1227, by K Hen III to Henry de Braibrok (CChR, 1226–57, p. 22). To be held at the manor.

SHEFFORD 5143 2390. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Shefford and Campton were jointly assessed at 107.50 (Glasscock, p. 4). The manor passed from Warin fitz Gerold to his descendant Warin de Insula, who died seised of the manor in 1296 (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 267). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 174). See also VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 268.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 8 Apr 1225, mercatum. Market was alleged to be detrimental to the royal market at Bedford, Bedfordshire (q.v.); if it was found to be detrimental, the sh of Bedford was to prohibit it (RLC, ii, p. 26).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 13 Feb 1229, by K Hen III to Henry son of Gerold (CChR, 1226–57, p. 91). To be held at a place called Shipford, in the manor of Camelton. The sh of Bedfordshire was ordered to proclaim the charter in the county court and to establish it (CR, 1227–31, p. 152). In 1230, sh of Bedfordshire accounted for 50s. for Henry son of Gerold for having a market (mercatum) at Camelton, just as it was contained in the previous roll (PR, 14 Hen III, p. 125). In 1239, Warin fitz Gerold claimed that his father Henry fitz Gerold had been granted the market by K John and that it had been confirmed to him by K Hen III (CRR, xvi, no. 926). Evidence to substantiate this claim has not been found in the standard sources for the Gazetteer. The market recorded in 1225 and that granted in 1229 have therefore been entered separately. In 1287, Warin de Insula was holding the market by right of a charter of K Hen III granted to his father (QW, p. 7). Fri market held by Robert de Insula recorded in 1330, held by right of the charter of K Hen III (QW, p. 30). Market continued until the twentieth century (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 268).
F (Charter) vf+4, Michael (29 Sept); gr 15 Apr 1312, by K Edw II to Robert de Insula. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 192). Fair held by Robert de Insula on vf+4 Michael recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 30). Fair continued until at least the eighteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 268).

SILSOE 5082 2355. 1334 Subsidy 136.75. See also VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 330.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 10 Nov 1318, by K Edw II to Ralph son of Ralph son of Richard. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 393). Market held by Ralph son of Ralph son of Richard recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 44). Market appears to have lapsed by the eighteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 330).
F (Charter) vf, Philip and James (1 May); gr 10 Nov 1318, by K Edw II to Ralph son of Ralph son of Richard. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 393). Fair held by Ralph son of Ralph son of Richard recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 44). Fair appears to have lapsed by the eighteenth century (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 330).

SUNDON 5048 2269. 1334 Subsidy 62.50. See also VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 385.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 283). There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 385).
F (Charter) vfm, Annunciation (25 Mar); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 283). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Bedfordshire, ii, p. 385).

TODDINGTON 5010 2289. Borough 1482 (BF, p. 66). 1334 Subsidy 160.02. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 174). See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 441.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 17 Aug 1218, by K Hen III to W[illiam] Earl Marshal (RLC, i, p. 368). The market had been granted to William Marshall by letter patent on 16 Aug 1218, but this was cancelled ‘because on the close roll’ (Patent Roll, 1216–25, p. 166). On the 23 Jan 1232, a mandate to the sh of Buckingham [sic] noted that he should proclaim throughout his bailiwick a Thurs market at the manor of Toddington, as the manor was anciently held by W. Marshal, earl of Pembroke. This custom should continue as the earl held this right [to the market] before the king’s first crossing of the sea [i.e. before Apr 1230] (CR, 1231–4, p. 23).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 3 Nov 1250, by K Hen III to Paulinus Peyvre (CChR, 1226–57, p. 349). On 12 Jul 1315, K Edw II granted John Peyvre a Sat market in lieu of the Thurs market (CChR, 1300–26, p. 281). K Ric II inspected and confirmed the charter granted to Paulinus Peyre on 6 Mar 1386 (CPR, 1385–9, p. 126).
F (Letter Close) vfm, George (23 Apr); feria gr 17 Aug 1218, by K Hen III to W[illiam] earl Marshal (RLC, i, p. 368). A fair on vfm George had been granted to William Marshall by letter patent on 16 Aug 1218, but this was cancelled ‘because on the close roll’ (Patent Roll, 1216–25, p. 166).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 3 Nov 1250, by K Hen III to Paulinus Peyvre (CChR, 1226–57, p. 349). On 12 Jul 1315, K Edw II granted John Peyvre a fair on vfm George (23 Apr) in lieu of this fair (CChR, 1300–26, p. 281). K Ric II inspected and confirmed the charter granted to Paulinus Peyre on 6 Mar 1386; it seems that the feast of the fair was to revert to Holy Trinity (CPR, 1385–9, p. 126).
In 1531, the lords of Toddington renewed their licence for a weekly market and two fairs of two days each at Bartholomew (24 Aug) and Katherine (25 Nov) (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 441).

WESTONING 5028 2328. 1334 Subsidy 65.88. VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 453.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 25 Nov 1303, by K Edw I to William Inge. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 38). Market held by Isolda, widow of William Inge, recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 67). The market had fallen into disuse by 1800 (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 453).
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); gr 25 Nov 1303, by K Edw I to William Inge. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 38). Fair held by Isolda, widow of William Inge, recorded in 1330 (QW, p. 67). The fair had fallen into disuse by 1800 (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 453).

WOBURN 4945 2344. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Birchmoor and ‘the chapel’ (presumably Woburn chapel) were valued together at 72.5 (Glasscock, p. 4, n. 1). See also VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 459.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 29 Mar 1245, by K Hen III to A and M of Woburn. To be held at the chapel of Old Woburn (CChR, 1226–57, p. 282). In 1287, the A of Woburn produced a charter granted by K Edw I, dated 12 Apr 1284, granting A and M of Woburn of the Cistercian order the Fri market at their chapel of Old Woburn (QW, p. 1).
F (Charter) vfm, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); gr 29 Mar 1245, by K Hen III to A and M of Woburn. To be held at the chapel of Old Woburn (CChR, 1226–57, p. 282). In 1287, the A of Woburn produced a charter granted by K Edw I dated 12 Apr 1284, granting A and M of Woburn of the Cistercian order the fair at their chapel of Old Woburn (QW, p. 1).
In 1530, K Hen VIII granted the A of Woburn a fair in Mar and another in Jul (VCH Bedfordshire, iii, p. 459).


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