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Last updated: 23 February, 2005

AMERSHAM 4958 1973. Borough 1227 (BF, p. 70). 1334 Subsidy 77.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Fri; mercatum, gr 18 Jul 1200, by K John to Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex (RCh, p. 73b). Cancelled. Granted again on 9 Apr 1201 (RCh, p. 92b).
F (Charter) vf, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria gr 18 Jul 1200, by K John to Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex (RCh, p. 73b). Cancelled. Granted again on 9 Apr 1201 (RCh, p. 92b).

AYLESBURY 4817 2139. Borough 1227 (BF, p. 70). Mint c.979–1066. 1334 Subsidy 126.67. An important centre, probably from the seventh century and a royal estate from 971 to 1204. Succeeded Buckingham (q.v.) as county town by the thirteenth century. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, pp. 2–11.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1086 (BF, p. 70). Toll worth 10 recorded in Domesday Book.
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1227 (J.G. Jenkins ed., Calendar of the Roll of the Justices in Eyre, 1227, Records Branch of the Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society (Bedford, 1945), vi, no. 597). Feast not given. The grant of 1239 (below) mentions the ‘old fair on the feast of St Osyth in the Summer’ (3 Jun) which was to be retained (CChR, 1226–57, p. 243). It is possible that it was this 3 Jun fair that was recorded in 1227.
F (Charter) f+3, Osyth (7 Oct); gr 30 May 1239, by K Hen III to John fitz Geoffrey (CChR, 1226–57, p. 243). To be held at the manor.

BEACONSFIELD 4945 1900. 1334 Subsidy 50. Burnham abbey was founded by Richard, K of Almain and earl of Cornwall in 1266. Richard was the younger brother of K Hen III. Beaconsfield was a member of the manor of Burnham, Buckinghamshire (q.v.) which Richard granted to the abbey (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 279; CChR, 1341–1417, p. 467). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 6 Feb 1255, by K Hen III to Richard, earl of Cornwall (CChR, 1226–57, p. 441). To be held at the manor at Beaconsfield.
F (Charter) vf+6, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 10 May 1269, by K Hen III to As and N of Burnham (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 122). On 23 Apr 1414, it was stated that the As and C of Burnham had held a fair on vf Ascension at Beaconsfield from time immemorial, without any grant from any king. K Hen V therefore granted the As and C of Burnham the fair on vf Ascension (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 467). In view of the 1269 grant, this appears to have been a misconception regarding the origin of the fair.

BIDDLESDEN 4631 2402.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 10 Feb 1314, by K Edw II to A and C of Biddlesden (CChR, 1300–26, p. 247). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+6, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 10 Feb 1314, by K Edw II to A and C of Biddlesden (CChR, 1300–26, p. 247). To be held at the manor.

BRILL 4657 2138. Borough 1227 (BF, p. 70). 1334 Subsidy 80.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 3 Aug 1252, held by lord of the manor of Brill. In an extent of the manor of Brill on 3 Aug 1252, the market and fair were worth 36s. In 1314–17, receipts from the market are recorded (H.E. Slater ed., Boarstall Cartulary, Oxford Historical Society, 88 (Oxford, 1930) nos. 608, 629).
F (Prescriptive) nundinas recorded 3 Aug 1252, held by lord of the manor of Brill. In an extent of the manor of Brill on 3 Aug 1252, the fair and market were worth 36s. In 1314–17, receipts from the fair of Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug) are recorded. Presumably, this was the same fair as that recorded in 1252 (H.E. Slater ed., Boarstall Cartulary, Oxford Historical Society, 88 (Oxford, 1930), nos. 608, 629).
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); gr 30 May 1347, by K Edw III to John de Moleyns. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 55).

BUCKINGHAM 4694 2338. Borough 914 (BF, p. 70). Mint Edmund/Edgar–1066. 1334 Subsidy 60. Borough in Domesday Book (Darby, p. 364). Buckingham, the original county town, subsequently gave way to Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire (q.v.) in the thirteenth century. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 18 Mar 1305, held by Giles de Brewosa, lately deceased (CIPM, iv, no. 317).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 18 Mar 1305, held by Giles de Brewosa, lately deceased (CIPM, iv, no. 317).

BURNHAM 4931 1823. 1334 Subsidy 120. Burnham abbey was founded by Richard, K of Almain and earl of Cornwall in 1266. Richard was the younger brother of K Hen III. Richard granted the manor of Burnham, of which Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire (q.v.) was a member, to the abbey (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 279; CChR, 1341–1417, p. 467).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 29 Jul 1271, by K Hen III to As and C of Burnham. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 175). On 23 Apr 1414, K Hen V granted the Thurs market to the As and C of Burnham and their successors since the As and C of Burnham and their predecessors had had a Thurs market at Burnham granted to them by his great-grandfather (proavus noster: K Edw III, but identified in the CChR as K Edw II). No other record of such a grant by either king is known (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 467).
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 29 Jul 1271, by K Hen III to As and C of Burnham. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 175). On 23 Apr 1414, K Hen V granted a fair on vfm Matthias the apostle (24 Feb) to the As and C of Burnham and their successors since the As and C of Burnham and their predecessors had had a fair on vfm Matthias the apostle (24 Feb) at Burnham granted to them by his great-grandfather (proavus noster: K Edw III, but identified in the CChR as K Edw II). No other record of such a grant by either king is known (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 467). It seems likely that this was a scribal error, mistaking Matthias for Matthew, as opposed to the As and C having two fairs.

CHALFONT ST PETER 5002 1908. 1334 Subsidy 52.50. See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 195.
M (Letter Close) Wed; gr 23 Apr 1229, by K Hen III to Ranulf Briton (CR, 1227–31, p. 169). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Buckinghamshire to proclaim the market and cause it to be held.
F (Letter Close) vf, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 23 Apr 1229, by K Hen III to Ranulf Briton (CR, 1227–31, p. 169). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Buckinghamshire to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held.

CHESHAM 4957 2015. 1334 Subsidy 105.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 475). Market held by Robert de Veer, earl of Oxford, on 7 Sept 1296 (CIPM, iii, no. 367).
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 475). To be held at the manor.

CHETWOOD 4641 2298. 1334 Subsidy 30.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 11 Aug 1290, by K Edw I to P and C of Chetwood (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 370). To be held at the priory.

DATCHET 4988 1772. 1334 Subsidy 55.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); gr 24 Sept 1335, by K Edw III to John de Molyns (CChR, 1327–41, p. 342). To be held at the manor.

DENHAM 5043 1870. 1334 Subsidy 40. First recorded as a borough in 1556 (BF, supplement, p. 61).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 16 Mar 1227, by K Hen III to Henry de Capella (CChR, 1226–57, p. 22). Letter to sh of Buckinghamshire regarding the market dated 10 Apr 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 181b).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 16 Mar 1227, by K Hen III to Henry de Capella (CChR, 1226–57, p. 22). Letter to sh of Buckinghamshire regarding the fair dated 10 Apr 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 181b).

ETON 4966 1775. Borough 1217 (BF, supplement, p. 61). 1334 Subsidy 82.50.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 20 Jun 1452, by K Hen VI to provost and royal college of St Mary of Eton by Windsor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 117). To be held in a place assigned by the provost or the college.
F (Charter) three weekly and workable days next after Ash Wednesday (Easter dep), gr 24 Dec 1443, by K Hen VI to provost and king’s college of St Mary, Eton by Windsor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 39). To be held on their land called ‘Michelmylwardeshey’.
F (Charter) three weekly and workable days next after the Assumption (15 Aug); gr 24 Dec 1443, by K Hen VI to provost and king’s college of St Mary, Eton by Windsor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 39). To be held on their land called ‘Michelmylwardeshey’.

FENNY STRATFORD 4883 2341. Borough 1370 (BF, p. 71). The Caux family held an interest in Fenny Stratford from 1212. By 1235, the manor had passed to the Grey family (VCH Buckinghamshire, iv, p. 278). See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iv, p. 276.
M (Grant: other) Mon; gr 1204, to Roger de Caux. VCH does not provide the name of the grantor; presumably it was K John (VCH Buckinghamshire, iv, p. 276). Mon market mentioned in 1323, in an inquisition into the lands of the recently deceased John de Grey (CIPM, vi, no. 517).
F (Charter) vf+6, Nativity of the Virgin (8 Sept); gr 16 Dec 1252, by K Hen III to John de Grey (CChR, 1226–57, p. 412). To be held at the manor.

GREAT HORWOOD 4771 2312. 1334 Subsidy 70.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 3 Jul 1447, by K Hen VI to Nicholas Oselbury, the warden, and the scholars of the college of St Mary of Winchester in Oxford (New College) (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 72). To be held in the town.
F (Charter) vfm, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 3 Jul 1447, by K Hen VI to Nicholas Oselbury, the warden, and the scholars of the college of St Mary of Winchester in Oxford (New College) (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 72).

GREAT MARLOW 4852 1863. Borough 1183 (BF, p. 71). 1334 Subsidy 23.33. Described as ‘Chepyng Merlawe’ from 1304. Great Marlow belonged to the Clare family from 1217. On the death of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford without issue in 1314, Great Marlow passed to Hugh le Despenser junior (VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 70). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1227, held by the earl of Gloucester (J.G. Jenkins ed., Calendar of the Roll of the Justices on Eyre, 1227, The Records Branch of the Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society (Bedford, 1942), vi, p. 53). Market mentioned in a case in 1228, which implies that trading had taken place there for some time (CRR, xiii, no. 740). In 1284x86, the countess of Gloucester held a market (the day of which was not given) at Marlow, by reason of her dower from the earl of Gloucester (FA, i, p. 76). A market at Great Marlow, the day of which was not given, was mentioned in 1307 amongst the property of the recently deceased Joan, wife of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford (CIPM, iv, p. 316). An unspecified market was recorded on 18 Nov 1376, held by the recently deceased Edward le Despenser, kn (CIPM, xiv, p. 216).
F (Prescriptive) Wed in Whit week (Easter dep), recorded 1307, amongst the property of the recently deceased Joan, wife of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford (CIPM, iv, p. 316). On 10 Jun 1325, K Edw II granted an extension of the fair to Wed+2 Whit week to Hugh le Despenser, the younger (CChR, 1300–26, p. 477).
F (Prescriptive) f, Luke (18 Oct); recorded 1307, amongst the property of the recently deceased Joan, wife of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford (CIPM, iv, p. 316).
An unspecified fair was held by the recently deceased Edward le Despenser, kn on 18 Nov 1376 (CIPM, xiv, p. 216).

GREAT MISSENDEN 4900 2010. 1334 Subsidy 60.
M (Grant: other) Tues; gr 1227x72, by K Hen III to Joan late the wife of Hugh de Sanford. On 12 Feb 1367, it was stated that K Hen III had granted a Tues market by charter to Joan late the wife of Hugh de Sanford, but that Joan and her heirs never used the market. K Edw III therefore granted the Tues market to Thomas de Mussenden, king's sergeant, tenant of the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 208).
F (Grant: other) vf, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 1227x72, by K Hen III to Joan late the wife of Hugh de Sanford. On 12 Feb 1367, it was stated that K Hen III had granted a fair on vf Assumption by charter to Joan late the wife of Hugh de Sanford, but that Joan and her heirs never used the market. K Edw III therefore granted the fair on vf Assumption to Thomas de Mussenden, king’s sergeant, tenant of the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 208).

HADDENHAM 4741 2080. 1334 Subsidy 150.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 10 Sept 1295, by K Edw I to P and C of Rochester. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 461). In 1302, the charter was withdrawn at the request of John Dalderby, bp of Lincoln, presumably because the market was detrimental to his own at Thame, Oxfordshire (q.v.) (VCH Oxfordshire, vii, p. 179).
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 10 Sept 1295, by K Edw I to P and C of Rochester (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 461). To be held at the manor.

HAMBLEDEN 4783 1866. 1334 Subsidy 75. After the death of Bartholomew de Baddlesmere in 1322, the manor escheated to the Crown. In the following year it was granted by K Edw II to Hugh le Despenser the younger (VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 48). See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 49.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 283). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 283). On 10 Jun 1325, K Edw II granted Hugh le Despenser son of Hugh le Despenser earl of Winchester, an extension of the fair at the manor from f Bartholomew to f+2 Bartholomew (CChR, 1300–26, p. 477).

HANSLOPE 4803 2467. 1334 Subsidy 183.38.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 10 May 1292, by K Edw I to William de Bello campo, earl of Warwick (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 428). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm+12, James (25 Jul); gr 10 May 1292, by K Edw I to William de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 428). To be held at the manor.

HIGH WYCOMBE 4866 1931. Borough 1226 (BF, p. 72). 1334 Subsidy 90. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 122.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1222, mercatum, held by Alan Basset (CRR, x, p. 342). On 3 Feb 1223, in a dispute between Felicia, As of Godestowe and Alan Basset, it was noted that Basset took 4d. annually from the ‘common market’ at Wycombe (M.W. Hughes ed., A Calendar of the Feet of Fines for the County of Buckingham, The Records Branch of the Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society (Bedford, 1940), iv, p. 49). In Mar 1226, in a final concord between the burgesses of Wycombe and Alan Basset, Alan granted them ‘the whole borough of Wycumbe with rents, markets and fairs (the days of which were not given) and all other things [pertaining] to the borough’ (M.W. Hughes ed., A Calendar of the Feet of Fines for the County of Buckingham, The Records Branch of the Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society (Bedford, 1940), iv, p. 53). On 24 Jun 1237, K Hen III made an inspeximus of this final concord (CChR, 1226–57, p. 229). On 12 Jun 1285, K Edw I inspected and confirmed the inspeximus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 305).
F (Prescriptive) recorded Mar 1226. In a final concord between the burgesses of Wycombe and Alan Basset, Alan granted them ‘the whole borough of Wycumb with rents, markets and fairs (the days of which were not given) and all other things [pertaining] to the borough’. It was also noted that ‘the fair of the beasts is to remain each year in the field of Alan where formerly it used to be.’ (M.W. Hughes ed., A Calendar of the Feet of Fines for the County of Buckingham, The Records Branch of the Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society (Bedford, 1940), iv, p. 53). On 24 Jun 1237, K Hen III made an inspeximus of this final concord (CChR, 1226–57, p. 229). On 12 Jun 1285, K Edw I inspected and confirmed the inspeximus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 305).
F (Charter) vf, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 13 May 1229, by K Hen III to leprous brethren of the hospital of St Margaret [High Wycombe hospital of St Gilbert and St Margaret]. To be held at the hospital (CChR, 1226–57, p. 96). Mandate to the sh of Buckingham, 12 May 1229 (CR, 1227–31, p. 176).
F (Charter) vf, Trans of Thomas (7 Jul); gr 18 Jun 1239, by K Hen III to brethren of the hospital of St John, Wycombe [High Wycombe hospital of St John the Baptist] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 244). To be held at the hospital.

HOGGESTON 4808 2250. 1334 Subsidy 27.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 20 Sept 1334, by K Edw III to William de Bermyngham (CChR, 1327–41, p. 312). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) v+2, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); feria gr 26 Sept 1254, by K Hen III to William de Burmingham (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4147; CPR, 1247–58, p. 338). To be held at the manor. Fair granted to William de Bermyngham (son of the grantee) by K Edw III, on 20 Sept 1334 (CChR, 1327–41, p. 312).

IVER 5039 1812. 1334 Subsidy 120.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 6 Mar 1353, by K Edw III to warden and Ca of the king’s chapel at Windsor (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 129, 131–2). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter’s Chains (1 Aug); gr 6 Mar 1353, by K Edw III to warden and Ca of the king’s chapel at Windsor (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 129, 131–2). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter and Paul the Apostle (29 Jun); gr 6 Mar 1353, by K Edw III to warden and Ca of the king’s chapel at Windsor (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 129, 131–2). To be held at the manor.

IVINGHOE 4946 2162. 1334 Subsidy 75. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 8 Aug 1318, by K Edw II to John bp of Winchester (CChR, 1300–26, p. 389). To be held at the manor.
F (Letter Close) vf+3, Margaret (20 Jul); feria gr 25 May 1225, by K Hen III to Ps of Ivinghoe. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 41). In Mar 1227, K Hen III granted Ps and N of St Margaret of the wood of Ivinghoe a fair on vfm Margaret (CChR, 1226–57, p. 27). The day of the charter is not given, but it appears to have been granted around 20 Mar. Letter to sh of Buckinghamshire regarding the charter, 22 Mar 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 178).
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 8 Aug 1318, by K Edw II to John, bp of Winchester (CChR, 1300–26, p. 389). To be held at the manor.

LAVENDON 4916 2536. 1334 Subsidy 75.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 30 May 1249, by K Hen III to Paulinus Peyvur (CChR, 1226–57, p. 341). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 30 May 1249, by K Hen III to Paulinus Peyvur (CChR, 1226–57, p. 341). To be held at the manor.

LINSLADE 4910 2269. 1334 Subsidy 41.25.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 25 Sept 1251, by K Hen III to William son of William de Bello Campo of Bedford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 367). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+6, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 25 Sept 1251, by K Hen III to William son of William de Bello Campo of Bedford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 367). To be held at the manor.

LITTLE BRICKHILL 4911 2324. Borough 1472–3 (BF, supplement, p. 61). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Little Brickhill and Great Brickhill were valued together at 55. Successive owners of the manor received grants of the Thurs market, along with each new fair (VCH Buckinghamshire, iv, pp. 299–300). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 1 May (Harrison, p. 393). See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iv, p. 299.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 5 Jun 1228, by K Hen III to John de Gatesden. Market to be held on his land (CChR, 1226–57, p. 77). Mandate to sh of Buckinghamshire to proclaim the market and cause it to be held (CR, 1227–31, p. 54). On 13 Sept 1257, K Hen III granted the Thurs market to Philip Lovel, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 473). On 20 Nov 1318, K Edw II granted the Thurs market to Hugh de Audele, the younger and Margaret his wife, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 395). On 15 Mar 1441, K Hen VI granted the Thurs market to Humphrey, earl of Buckingham, Hereford, Stafford, Northampton and Perche, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 14).
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 5 Jun 1228, by K Hen III to John de Gatesden. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 77). In Jun 1228, mandate to sh of Buckinghamshire to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held (CR, 1227–31, p. 54).
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 13 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Philip Luvel (CChR, 1226–57, p. 473).
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 20 Nov 1318, by K Edw II to Hugh de Audele, the younger and Margaret his wife, the king’s niece and the heirs of the said Margaret (CChR, 1300–26, p. 395). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf Philip and James (1 May); gr 15 Mar 1441, by K Hen VI to Humphrey, earl of Buckingham, Hereford, Stafford, Northampton and Perche. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 14). The fair was extended to include the morrow of the feast. It continued beyond the medieval period VCH Buckinghamshire, iv, p. 299).
F (Charter) vf Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 15 Mar 1441, by K Hen VI to Humphrey, earl of Buckingham, Hereford, Stafford, Northampton and Perche. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 14). The fair was extended to include the morrow of the feast. It continued beyond the medieval period VCH Buckinghamshire, iv, p. 299).

LONG CRENDON 4698 2091. 1334 Subsidy 112.50.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 3 Jun 1218, by K Hen III to William Earl Marshal (RLC, i, p. 363b). To be held at the manor.

LUFFIELD 4672 2426. The priory buildings straddled the county boundaries of Buckinghamshire and Northamptonshire; the ch itself was in Northamptonshire (G.R. Elvey ed., Luffield Priory Charters, i, Buckingham Record Society and Northamptonshire Record Society (NRS xxii, 1968), p. vi, no. 84, no. 91). Luffield abbey was an extra-parochial place, partly in Buckinghamshire and partly in Northamptonshire until the mid nineteenth century, when it was transferred to Buckinghamshire (Guide, i, p. 38; ii, p. 303).
F (Charter) vfm, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); gr 8 Feb 1230, by K Hen III to P and M of Luffield (CChR, 1226–57, p. 114). To be held at their house. Mandate to the sh of Northampton, 6 Feb 1230 (CR, 1227–31, p. 296). P of Luffield was holding the fair in 1329 (QW, p. 520). On 5 Dec 1391, K Ric II granted an inspeximus of the quo warranto proceedings of 1329, which concerned the right of the priory to hold the fair (G.R. Elvey ed., Luffield Priory Charters, i, Buckingham Record Society and Northamptonshire Record Society (NRS xxii, 1968), p. vi, no. 84, no. 91).

MURSLEY 4817 2286. Borough 1279 (BF, supplement, p. 61). 1334 Subsidy 30. See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 403.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 29 Apr 1230, by K Hen III to P of Snelshall. To be held at the P’s land in Mursley (CR, 1227–31, p. 339). This market was put down shortly after the grant as the P of Leighton (Grovebury, Bedfordshire) complained that it intercepted the usual attendants of his market at Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire (q.v.) (VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 405).
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 21 Dec 1242, by K Hen III to Warin son of Gerald and Agnes his wife and the heirs of Agnes (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 718; CPR, 1232–47, p. 351). To be held at the manor. Day of market given as both Wed and Thurs, although specifically stated to be held on one day of the week only (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 718). On 2 Jan 1243, Warin son of Gerald was said to have a Wed market of the king’s gift (ex concessione Regis). It is not clear whether this was in hereditary right (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 1295). Mandate to the sh of Buckinghamshire to proclaim the market and cause it to be held, 2 Jan 1243 (CR, 1242–7, p 8). On 15 Sept 1299, K Edw I granted the Wed market to Robert fitz Neel, the successive owner of the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 479). On 1 Sept 1415, K Hen V granted the Wed market to John, duke of Bedford, to be held at the manor. The manor which had been held by Robert fitz Neel and John Nowers had passed to Duke John (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 484).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria gr 21 Dec 1242, by K Hen III to Warin son of Gerald and Agnes his wife and the heirs of Agnes. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 718; CPR, 1232–47, p. 351). On 2 Jan 1243, Warin son of Gerold was said to have the fair of the king’s gift (ex concessione Regis). It is not clear whether this was in hereditary right (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 1295). Mandate to the sh of Buckinghamshire to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 2 Jan 1243 (CR, 1242–7, p. 8). On 1 Sept 1415, K Hen V granted John, duke of Bedford a fair on vfm Nativity of Mary at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 484). Presumably, since the duke of Bedford was given the manor in the same grant, this was a confirmation of the fair held by the previous owners of the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 15 Sept 1299, by K Edw I to Robert le fitz Neel (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 479). On 1 Sept 1415, K Hen V granted John, duke of Bedford a fair on vfm Assumption (15 Aug) at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 484). Presumably, since the duke of Bedford was given the manor in the same grant, this was a confirmation of the fair held by the previous owners of the manor.

NEWPORT PAGNELL 4878 2440. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 71). Mint Edmund/Edgar, 1042–66. 1334 Subsidy 180. Roger de Somery died in 1273. The manor was held by the Somery family until 1322, when it was divided between Joan de Somery, widow of Thomas Botetourt and Margaret de Somery, wife of John de Sutton (VCH Buckinghamshire, iv, p. 215). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 12 Feb 1270, by K Hen III to Roger de Somery. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 131). On 28 Feb 1338, Joan, late the wife of Thomas Botetourt, was holding a market (CIPM, viii, no. 181).
F (Charter) vfm+5, Luke (18 Oct); gr 12 Feb 1270, by K Hen III to Roger de Somery (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 131). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+8, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 13 May 1327, by K Edw III to John Butetourt (CChR, 1327–41, p. 12). To be held at the manor.

OLNEY 4890 2510. Borough 1227 (BF, p. 71). 1334 Subsidy 135. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 27 Jan 1223, mercatum, held by R[anulph] earl of Chester and Lincoln (RLC, i, p. 531). On 27 Jan 1223, the sh of Northamptonshire was ordered to prohibit the market at Odell, Bedfordshire (q.v.) if it was detrimental to the market of R earl of Chester and Lincoln at Olney.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 6 May 1316, by K Edw II to Ralph Basset of Drayton (CChR, 1300–26, p. 306). To be held at the manor.

SNELSHALL 4769 2281. The grid references refer to the ruins of Snelshall Priory.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 18 Dec 1226, by K Hen III to P of Snelshall (RLC, ii, p. 162).
F (Letter Close) vf, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); feria gr 29 Nov 1226, by K Hen III to P of Snelshall (RLC, ii, p. 159b). To be held at the priory until the king came of age.

STOKE POGES 4976 1827. 1334 Subsidy 40.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 8 Aug 1331, by K Edw III to John de Molyns, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1327–41, p. 231). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+5, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 8 Aug 1331, by K Edw III to John de Moleyns, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1327–41, p. 231). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+5, Giles (1 Sept); gr 23 Dec 1331, by K Edw III to John de Molyns, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1327–41, p. 258). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Annunciation of Mary (25 Mar); gr 25 Oct 1333, by K Edw III to John de Molyns (CChR, 1327–41, p. 303). To be held at the manor.

STONY STRATFORD 4787 2404. Borough 1374 (BF, supplement, p. 61). In 1334, part of Stony Stratford was valued with Calverton at 75 and part was valued with Wolverton at 90 (Glasscock, p. 17). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iv, p. 479.
M (Charter) Sun; gr 30 Apr 1194, by K Ric I to Gilbert Basset and his wife Egelina. On 20 Jan 1199, K Ric I resealed a charter issued by him on 30 Apr 1194, granting Gilbert Basset and Angelina, his wife, a Sun market at their manor of Stratford (L.C. Loyd and D.M. Stenton eds., Sir Christopher Hatton’s Book of Seals, Northamptonshire Record Society (London, 1950), xv, no. 295). On 21 Mar 1200, K John confirmed the grant to Gilbert Basset and Angelina, ‘just as the letters patent of K Ric I attest’ (RCh, p. 39a). On 1 Mar 1334, a market at Stony Stratford, the day of which was not given, held by John de Veer, earl of Oxford was noted (CPR, 1330–4, p. 571). On 1 Mar 1462, Anna, late wife of Aubrey de Veer obtained a ratification from K Edw IV, of lands and a market, the day of which was not given (CPR, 1461–7, p. 76).
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 475). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); gr 1 Jun 1290, by K Edw I to Hugh de Ver (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 351). To be held at the manor.
On 1 Mar 1334, a fair at Stony Stratford, the feast of which was not given, held by John de Veer, earl of Oxford was noted (CPR, 1330–4, p. 571).

WENDOVER 4871 2073. Borough 1227 (BF, p. 72). 1334 Subsidy 95. Royal manor until 1151 (BF, p. 72). In 1209, Hugh de Gurnai owed 700m. to have the manor of Wendover (PR, 11 John, p. 181). Wendover was usually in royal hands from the late fourteenth century (VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, pp. 24–5). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Thurs; recorded 1199x1216, held by Hugh de Gurnay. According to a mid thirteenth memorandum in the Missenden Cartulary, Hugh de Gurnay established the market at Wendover, the day of which was not given, in the time of K John (J.G. Jenkins ed., The Cartulary of Missenden Abbey, The Records Branch of the Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society (Bedford, 1939), ii, p. 245). On Feb 15 1465, K Edw IV confirmed the Thurs market at Wendover, ‘which they have always had’, to the king’s tenants and residents within the borough or town (CPR, 1461–7, p. 370).
F (Charter) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria gr ante 23 Jun 1214, by K John to Hugh de Gornay. On 23 Jun 1214, K John informed P[eter] bishop of Winchester that he had made this grant by charter. The charter was presumably issued not much before this date. No copy of the charter has been found (RLC, i, p. 167). On 27 Jul 1214, a notice was sent to the sh of Buckinghamshire to cause Hugh de Gurnay to have his fair on vfm John the Baptist (RLC, i, p. 209).
F (Charter) vfm, Barnabas the Apostle (11 Jun); gr 30 May 1347, by K Edw III to John de Moleyns (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 55).
F (Letter Patent) vfm, Matthew the Apostle (21 Sept); gr 15 Feb 1465, by K Edw IV to the king’s tenants and residents within the borough or town of Wendover (CPR, 1461–7, p. 370). To be held within the said borough or town.
F (Letter Patent) vfm Philip and James (1 May); gr 15 Feb 1465, by K Edw IV to the king’s tenants and residents within the borough or town of Wendover (CPR, 1461–7, p. 370).

WHITCHURCH 4802 2208. Borough 1296 (BF, supplement, p. 61). 1334 Subsidy 90. See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, pp. 444, 446.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 7 Sept 1245, by K Hen III to H[ugh] de Veer, earl of Oxford. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 287). In 1263, the perquisites of the borough and market came to half a mark (VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 444). An inquisition on 28 April 1332, mentioned the Mon market at Whitchurch amongst the property of the recently deceased Robert de Veer, earl of Oxford (CIPM, vii, p. 272).
F (Charter) vfm, John the Evangelist in May (8 May); gr 7 Sept 1245, by K Hen III to H[ugh] de Veer, earl of Oxford. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 287). No later mention is made of the fair (VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 446).

WING 4881 2226. 1334 Subsidy 122.63.
M (Letter Close) Fri; mercatum, gr 12 Aug 1218, by K Hen III to Henry son of Gerold (RLC, i, p. 368). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Buckinghamshire to cause him to have it.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 7 Sept 1255, by K Hen III to John de Warrenna (CChR, 1226–57, p. 449). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 7 Sept 1255, by K Hen III to John de Warrenna (CChR, 1226–57, p. 449). To be held at the manor.

WINSLOW 4769 2276. Borough 1279 (BF, supplement, p. 61). 1334 Subsidy 52.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 467.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 27 Jan 1235, by K Hen III to A of St Albans (CChR, 1226–57, p. 190). Sh of Buckinghamshire ordered to proclaim the market and cause it to be held, 28 Jan 1235 (CR, 1234–7, p. 43). The A of St Albans was holding a Thurs market in 1279 (RH, ii, p. 338). On 23 Feb 1330, the A of St Albans leased Winslow manor with the market and other rights to Simon Fraunceys, mercer and citizen of London, for 200 per annum (CPR, 1327–30, p. 497). The market continued into the nineteenth century. In 1858, the market day was changed to Wed (VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 467).
F (Charter) vf, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 27 Jan 1235, by K Hen III to A of St Albans (CChR, 1226–57, p. 190). Note by the charter ad clausum Pache (CChR, 1226–57, p. 190). Sh of Buckinghamshire ordered to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 28 Jan 1235 (CR, 1234–7, p. 44).

WOOBURN 4909 1878. 1334 Subsidy 45. From the first quarter of the fifteenth century, Wooburn manor was known as Wooburn-Deincurt (VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 107). See also VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 109.
F (Charter) f+2, Translation of Edward the King (20 Jun); gr 28 Jul 1459, by K Hen VI to Alice Lovell, late the wife of William Lovell, kn, Lady Deyncourt, daughter and heir of John Deyncourt, kn and her heirs and assigns. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 131). The fair had been discontinued by the end of the eighteenth century (VCH Buckinghamshire, iii, p. 109).

WORMINGHALL 4642 2081. 1334 Subsidy 45.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 2 Feb 1304, by K Edw I to John de la Ryvere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 40). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 28 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to John de Ripariis (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Invention of the Cross (3 May); gr 2 Feb 1304, by K Edw I to John de la Ryvere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 40). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 28 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to John de Ripariis (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46). To be held at the manor.

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