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Last updated: 23 February, 2005

ABINGTON PIGOTTS 5304 2446. 1334 Subsidy 48. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 8.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 10 Oct 1335, by K Edw III to Warin de Bassingburn. To be held at the town (CChR, 1327–41, p. 339). There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 8).

BABRAHAM 5509 2505. 1334 Subsidy 114. John, duke of Brittany and earl of Richmond died in 1341. John of Gaunt, son of K Edw III, was then made earl of Richmond (GEC, x, pp. 818–20). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 27.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 28 Dec 1335, by K Edw III to John duke of Brittany and earl of Richmond. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 350). K Edw III granted the market to John of Gaunt, earl of Richmond on 11 Jul 1344 (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 32).

BALSHAM 5588 2508. 1334 Subsidy 70. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 132.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 16 Aug 1245, by K Hen III to Hugh, bp of Ely (CChR, 1226–57, p. 287). Mandate in pursuance to the sh of Cambridgeshire.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 14 Nov 1318, by K Edw II to John bp of Ely, the chancellor. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 393). It has been suggested that the Wed market replaced that on Mon. Market had fallen into disuse by the mid eighteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 132).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 16 Aug 1245, by K Hen III to Hugh, bp of Ely. Mandate in pursuance to the sh of Cambridgeshire (CChR, 1226–57, p. 287). Fair survived until the early nineteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 132).

BARHAM 5573 2461. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy Barham, Little Linton and Linton, Cambridgeshire (q.v.) were assessed together at 127.50 (Glasscock, p. 27). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 96.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 15 Nov 1282, by K Edw I to Simon de Forneus. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 262). The market does not appear to have been successfully established (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 96).
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret the Virgin (20 Jul); gr 15 Nov 1282, by K Edw I to Simon de Forneus. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 262). The fair is not recorded in the fifteenth or sixteenth centuries (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 96).

BARRINGTON 5396 2500. 1334 Subsidy 180. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 148.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 3 Feb 1335, by K Edw III to Thomas de Heselarton. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 328).
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 3 Feb 1335, by K Edw III to Thomas de Heselarton. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 328). Fair continued until the nineteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 148).

BASSINGBOURN 5338 2442. 1334 Subsidy 142.50. Peter de Savoy, earl of Richmond died in 1268. K Hen III subsequently granted the earldom to the dukes of Brittany. John duke of Brittany and earl of Richmond died in 1341. John of Gaunt, son of K Edw III, was then made earl of Richmond (GEC, x, pp. 118–20, 809). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 23.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 11 Mar 1253, by K Hen III to Peter of Savoy. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 421). On 28 Dec 1335, the Mon market was granted by K Edw III to John, duke of Brittany, earl of Richmond, lord of the manor, with the grant that he would not be impeded in his enjoyment of the market by reason of any non-user in the past (CChR, 1327–41, p. 350). On 11 Jul 1344, the Mon market was granted by K Edw III to John of Gaunt, earl of Richmond, the king’s son, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 32). The market had fallen into disuse before 1435 (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 23).
F (Charter) vf+6, Peter and Paul in the month of June (29 Jun); gr 11 Mar 1253, by K Hen III to Peter of Savoy. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 421). On 28 Dec 1335, the fair was granted by K Edw III to John, duke of Brittany, earl of Richmond, lord of the manor, with the grant that he would not be impeded in his enjoyment of the fair by reason of any non-user in the past (CChR, 1327–41, p. 350). On 11 Jul 1344, the fair was granted by K Edw III to John of Gaunt, earl of Richmond, the king’s son, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 32).

BOTTISHAM 5545 2605. 1334 Subsidy 172.50.
M (Prescriptive) Mon; recorded 1298–9, mercatum, held by Ralph de Monte Hermeri, earl of Gloucester and Hertfordshire and Johanna his wife (QW, p. 100). Ralph and Johanna claimed the market for the lifetime of Johanna, of the inheritance of Gilbert son of Gilbert de Clare, who was under age.

BRINKLEY 5629 2549. 1334 Subsidy 99. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 138.
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 11 Dec 1253, by K Hen III to William de Mohun. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2295; CPR, 1247–58, p. 262). On 8 Aug 1261, K Hen III granted William de Mohun a weekly market on Tues at his manor in lieu of the market granted to him there on Wed (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 37). Market fell into disuse by 1807 (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 138).
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); feria gr 11 Dec 1253, by K Hen III to William de Mohun. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2295; CPR, 1247–58, p. 262). Granted again by K Hen III to William de Mohun on 8 Aug 1261 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 37). No later record of this fair has been found (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 138).

BURWELL 5589 2660. 1334 Subsidy 112.50.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 28 Nov 1277, by K Edw I to Robert Tybotot (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 206). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f+14, Mon in Whitsun week (Easter dep); gr 28 Nov 1277, by K Edw I to Robert Tybotot (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 206). To be held at the manor.

CAMBRIDGE 5448 2585. Borough 1066 (BF, p. 72). Mint 970s–1135. 1334 Subsidy 466.09. Roman fortified town. Perhaps a commercial settlement from the eighth century; Danish stronghold c.875–921; shire town and centre of business by c.970 (M.D. Lobel, ‘Cambridge’ in M.D. Lobel ed., The Atlas of Historic Towns (London, 1975), ii; E.O. Blake ed., Liber Eliensis, Camden third series 92 (1962), p. 100). The burgesses of Cambridge established rights in two of the three fairs in the liberty of the town and in the fair at Reach, Cambridgeshire (q.v.). Reach was ten miles from Cambridge and outside the liberty of the town. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Barnwell ward was assessed at 20.17. It was listed under the wards of the borough of Cambridge (Glasscock, p. 22). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 24 Jun [Barnwell], 15 Aug, 8 Sept [Stourbridge] (Harrison, pp. 394–5). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, ii, p. 308; iii, p. 89.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 28 Dec 1242, mercatum, held by K Hen III (CR, 1242–7, p. 7). Market was held on Sat in 1347 (VCH Cambridgeshire, iii, p. 89).
F (Grant: other) vf, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); gr 1135x54, by K Steph to Ps and N of SS Mary and Radegund of the town of Cambridge. Fair recorded in 1279 (RH, ii, p. 359). On 15 Mar 1438, K Hen VI granted the Ps and N of SS Mary and Radegund a yearly fair on the vfm of the Assumption of Mary to be held in Cambridge (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 2). Fair was held on land belonging to St Radegund’s, at the junction of Jesus Lane and Park Street, formerly Garlic Lane. After the Dissolution, the fair was held by Jesus College, Cambridge. It survived until the early nineteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, iii, p. 89).
F (Grant: other) vf, Exaltation of the Cross (14 Sept); feria gr 1199x1216, by K John to leper hospital of St Mary Magdalen. The fair was established at Stourbridge to support the leper hospital of St Mary Magdalen. Fair recorded in 1279. It was stated that the hospital had 24.5 acres in the fields of Cambridge for the sustenance of the lepers (RH, ii, pp. 359–60). In 1376 the burgesses of Cambridge had established their rights to the profits of the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, iii, pp. 92–3). On 3 Sept 1382, Sturbridge fair was recorded in the suburbs of Cambridge (CCR, 1381–85, p. 152). By 1516, Stourbridge fair was held from 24 Aug to 29 Sept. By the sixteenth century this was one of the largest fairs in England (VCH Cambridgeshire, iii, pp. 92–3).
F (Charter) vf+2, Etheldreda (23 Jun); gr 18 Aug 1229, by K Hen III to ch of St Giles, Barnwell and the Ca (CChR, 1226–57, p. 98). Mandate to sh of Cambridge to proclaim the fair and cause it to be established, Aug 1229 (CR, 1227–31, p. 200). Fair recorded in 1232 (CRR, xiiii, no. 2136). On 6 Oct 1232, the P and Ca of Barnwell agreed to pay the town of Cambridge half a mark per annum for the right to hold the fair (J. Clark ed., Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle (Cambridge, 1907), p. 88). In 1279, the P and Ca of Barnwell claimed a fair on the Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun) by the gift of K John and the confirmation of K Hen III (RH, ii, p. 358). This must surely be the same fair as that on vf+2 Etheldreda, especially since the P and Ca of Barnwell continued to pay half mark per annum to Cambridge. Fair held by P of Barnwell recorded in 1298–9; it was stated to have been granted by a charter of K Hen proavus of K Edw I (QW, p. 99). The proavus of K Edw I should be K Hen II; no evidence has been found of such a grant. On 16 Oct 1388, K Ric II granted that the fair be extended to 7+f+6 Etheldreda (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 312). The fair was known as Midsummer Fair. The burgesses of Cambridge took a yearly lease of the fair in 1496. In 1506, the burgesses of Cambridge made an agreement with Barnwell priory in which they acquired full rights over the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, iii, p. 92).

CAXTON 5304 2582. 1334 Subsidy 90. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 32.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 17 Mar 1248, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Frivill. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 329). Market survived until at least the mid fourteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 32).

CHIPPENHAM 5663 2698. 1334 Subsidy 120.
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 17 Apr 1226, by K Hen III to P of the hospital of Jerusalem in England. To be held at the manor (RLC, ii, p. 106). Although this letter close was granted during the minority of K Hen III, it does not appear to have included the standard limiting clause ‘until the king came of age’.
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 21 Feb 1234, by K Hen III to P and brothers of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England (CR, 1231–4, pp. 380–1). To be held at the manor (RLC, ii, p. 106). Sh of Cambridge ordered to read the charter in the full session of the county court, proclaim the market and cause it to be held.
F (Letter Close) vf, Michael (29 Sept); feria gr 21 Feb 1234, by K Hen III to P and brothers of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England (CR, 1231–4, pp. 380–1). To be held at the manor. Sh of Cambridge ordered to read the charter in the full session of the county court, proclaim the fair and cause it to be held.

CLOPTON 5302 2488. 1334 Subsidy 78.75. A deserted village, enclosed c.1500 (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 30). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 30.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 4 May 1292, by K Edw I to Robert de Ho. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 421). Market recorded in 1298–9 (QW, p. 102). The market may have been held to the north of the ch (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 30).

COTTENHAM 5455 2686. 1334 Subsidy 232.50. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 63.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 18 Oct 1265, by K Hen III to John Walerand, king’s clerk, parson of the ch of Cottenham. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 56). There is no further evidence for a medieval market (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 63).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 18 Oct 1265, by K Hen III to John Walerand, king’s clerk, parson of the ch of Cottenham. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 56). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 63).

ELTISLEY 5268 2596. 1334 Subsidy 102. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, v, pp. 46–58 .
M (Charter) Wed; gr 27 Nov 1324, by K Edw II to Philip de Stowe (CChR, 1300–26, p. 469). To be held at the manor.

ELY 5538 2802. Borough 1295 (Beresford, unpublished list). 1334 Subsidy 357.61. Abbey founded by St Ethelfreda in 673 and refounded in 970; cathedral priory and seat of bishopric from 1109. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 17 Oct (Harrison, p. 396). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, pp. 47, 50.
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 9 Apr 1224, by K Hen III to bp of Ely. To be held until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 592b). This grant made during the minority of K Hen III does not appear to have been replaced by a new grant.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1295. Beresford records that Ely was a parliamentary borough in 1295 (Beresford, unpublished list). In a survey dated 1416, the bp of Ely had a vineyard on the south east corner of the market place (VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, p. 39).
F (Grant: other) 3+f+3, Etheldreda (23 Jun); gr 1121x29, by K Hen I to ch of Ely and Bp Hervey (Regesta, ii, no. 1620). On 10 Oct 1189, K Ric I conf to St Etheldreda, William de Longchamps, Chancellor, bp elect of Ely and the M their ancient rights and customs including the fair. Granted again by K Ric I on 1 Jul 1198 and confirmed by K Hen III on 3 Jul 1233 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 184). Fair continued until the seventeenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, p. 50).
F (Charter) vfm+12, Lambert (17 Sept); gr 1 Feb 1312, by K Edw II to P and C of Ely. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 185). Fair continued until the eighteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, p. 50).
F (Charter) vf+20, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 23 Feb 1318, by K Edw II to John de Hothum, bp of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 403). Fair continued until the seventeenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, p. 50).

FORDHAM 5633 2707. 1334 Subsidy 105. See also the entry for Little Torrington, Devon (q.v.).
F (Prescriptive) Leodegarius (2 Oct); feria recorded 18 Jul 1233 (CR, 1231–4, p. 241). Mandate to the sh of Cambridgeshire to make it known that the customary fair would no longer be held.

FOWLMERE 5422 2459. 1334 Subsidy 87. In 1207, R constable of Chester was acting as the guardian of Richard Munfichet (d. c.1267). By c.1274 Fowlmere had passed to the descendants of Munfichet’s sister Philippa, who had married Hugh de Plaiz. In 1279, the manor was held by Philippa’s grandson, Ralph de Plaiz, a minor in the custody of Robert de Aguillon. Ralph was succeded by his brother Giles (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 157). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, pp. 157–60.
M (Grant: other) Thurs; mercatum, gr 1207, by K John to R constable of Chester. Nova Oblata: R constable of Chester owed two good palfreys for the grant of the market and of the fair (PR, 9 John, p. 109). In 1279, Robert de Agillun, guardian of Ralph de Plaiz, was holding a market, the day of which was not given (RH, ii, p. 546). In 1298–9, Giles de Plaiz was holding a market, the day of which was not given, from time out of mind, as his inheritance from the barony of Muntfichet (QW, p. 100). Market held until fourteenth century; its value gradually declined (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 160).
F (Grant: other) v+2, John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria gr 1207, by K John to R constable of Chester. Nova Oblata: R constable of Chester owed two good palfreys for the grant of the fair and the market, the days of which were not given (PR, 9 John, p. 109). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 160).

FOXTON 5412 2483. 1334 Subsidy 105. During the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, there were two separate manors at Foxton where fairs were held. These were named Mortimers manor and the de la Hay manor, being named after their respective holders (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, pp. 167–8). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 173.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 5 Apr 1326, by K Edw II to John de la Haye of Shepereth (CChR, 1300–26, p. 485). Market probably survived into the early sixteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 173).
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 20 Nov 1310, by K Edw II to Constantine de Mortuo Mari. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 159). Fair recorded in 1337 (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 173).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 5 Apr 1326, by K Edw II to John de la Haye of Shepereth (CChR, 1300–26, p. 485). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew (30 Nov); gr 5 Apr 1326, by K Edw II to John de la Haye of Shepereth (CChR, 1300–26, p. 485). To be held at the manor.
One fair was held at each manor in c.1630 (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 173).

GAMLINGAY 5241 2523. 1334 Subsidy 145.50. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, v, pp. 78–9.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1239, mercatum, held by John de Plesseto. Market was alleged to be detrimental to the market at Potton, Bedfordshire (q.v.) (CRR, xvi, no. 837). By 1279, John de Avenels was holding a Tues market (RH, ii, p. 529). Tues market continued until 1600, when it was transferred to Potton, Bedfordshire (VCH Cambridgeshire, v, pp. 78–9).

GREAT ABINGTON 5531 2489. 1334 Subsidy 73.50. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 13.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 475). There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 13).
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 475). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 13).

GREAT WILBRAHAM 5548 2578. 1334 Subsidy 23.33.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 9 Jun 1281, by K Edw I to John de Luvetot (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 252). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm+6, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 9 Jun 1281, by K Edw I to John de Luvetot (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 252). To be held at the manor.

HILDERSHAM 5545 2489. 1334 Subsidy 27. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 66.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 30 Oct 1254, by K Hen III to William de Bolevill and Ela his wife. To be held at the manor (CPR, 1247–58, p. 379). No further evidence for the market has been found (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 66).
F (Charter) v+2, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 30 Oct 1254, by K Hen III to William de Bolevill and Ela his wife. To be held at the manor (CPR, 1247–58, p. 379). No further evidence for the fair has been found (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 66).

ICKLETON 5494 2439. 1334 Subsidy 85.50. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 241.
M (Grant: other); gr 1135x54, by K Steph to Ps of Ickleton. In 1279, Ps of Ickleton claimed a market, the day of which was not given, by charter of K Steph (RH, ii, p. 570). On 18 Aug 1222, K Hen III granted the Ps of Ickleton a Thurs market, to be held until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 508). On 30 Mar 1227, Ps and N of St Mary Magdalene, Ickleton were granted a Thurs market (CChR, 1226–57, p. 30). Market, the day of which was not given, held by the Ps of Ickleton recorded in 1298–9 (QW, p. 102). No further evidence of the market has been found (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 214).
F (Grant: other); gr 1135x54, by K Steph to Ps of Ickleton. Fair held in Jul in 1287 (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 241). The Ps of Ickelton claimed a fair, the feast of which was not given, from time out of mind in 1298–9 (QW, p. 102). Profits of the fair were leased in 1536 and 1557. Fair held for five days around the f of Mary Magdalen (22 Jul) the patron saint of the priory, in the late sixteenth century. Fair on the f Mary Magdalene continued into the nineteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 241).

IMPINGTON 5448 2632. 1334 Subsidy 52.50. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 135.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 3 Feb 1301, by K Edw I to Peter de Chauvent. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 1) There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 135).
F (Charter) f+7, Sat in Easter week (Easter dep); gr 3 Feb 1301, by K Edw I to Peter de Chauvent. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 1). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 135).

KINGSTON 5346 2554. 1334 Subsidy 97.50. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 117.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 14 Oct 1306, by K Edw I to Constantine de Mortuo Mari. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 72). There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 117).
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 14 Oct 1306, by K Edw I to Constantine de Mortuo Mari. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 72). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 117).
F (Charter) vfm, Luke (18 Oct); gr 14 Oct 1306, by K Edw I to Constantine de Mortuo Mari. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 72). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 117).

LINTON 5562 2497. Borough 1279 (BF, p. 72). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy Linton, Little Linton and Barham, Cambridgeshire (q.v.) were assessed together at 127.50 (Glasscock, p. 27). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 4 Aug (Harrison, p. 395). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 96.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 27 May 1246, by K Hen III to William de Say. To be held at the manor. Mandate in pursuance to the sh of Cambridgeshire (CChR, 1226–57, p. 294). Market survived until the seventeenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 96).
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 27 May 1246, by K Hen III to William de Say (CChR, 1226–57, p. 294). To be held at the manor. Mandate in pursuance to the sh of Cambridgeshire.

MILTON 5480 2629. 1334 Subsidy 112.50. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 180.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 26 Dec 1229, by K Hen III to Godfrey de Craucumbe. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 108). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 180).

ORWELL 5362 2505. 1334 Subsidy 139.50. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 247.
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum, gr 10 Sept 1254, by K Hen III to Ralph de Camoys the younger. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4035; CPR, 1247–58, p. 329). Market was still being held in 1522, but is not recorded later (VCH Cambridgeshire, v, p. 247).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); feria gr 10 Sept 1254, by K Hen III to Ralph de Camoys the younger (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4035; CPR, 1247–58, p. 329). To be held at the manor.

RAMPTON 5429 2681. 1334 Subsidy 52.50. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 216.
M (Grant: other) Thurs; gr 1270, by K Hen III to Robert de Lisle (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 216). In 1279, Robert de Lisle was holding the Thurs market (RH, ii, p. 451). The Thurs market was confirmed to John, lord Scrope in 1534. There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 216).
F (Grant: other) gr 1270, by K Hen III to Robert de Lisle (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 216). In 1279, Robert de Lisle was holding a fair for 3 days, the dates of which were not given (RH, ii, p. 451). The fair, the dates of which were not given, was confirmed to John, lord Scrope in 1534. There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 216).

REACH 5568 2663. Reach was ten miles from Cambridge and outside the liberty of the town. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, Mon in Rogation week (Harrison, p. 394).
F (Prescriptive) Rogationtide (Easter dep); recorded 1201 (VCH Cambridgeshire, iii, p. 91). Although Reach was outside the liberty of Cambridge (q.v) the burgesses of Cambridge had rights over the fair. The fair may be associated with the grant of the monopoly of river-bourne trade by K Hen I (VCH Cambridgeshire, iii, p. 91). In 1279, jurors of Cambridge described the Rogation fair as held ‘in the town of Cambridge’, whilst jurors of Stone hundred referred to a ‘certain fair’ that was shared between the King and the P of Ely (RH, ii, pp. 391, 486). In the eyre of 1286, the burgessses of King’s Lynn, Norfolk complained that they were unjustly distrained at Reach fair by the burgesses of Cambridge. In 1388, an inquest in Cambridge found that the P of Ely held one third of Reach fair, whilst the burgesses of Cambridge held the other two thirds (VCH Cambridgeshire, iii, p. 91).

SUTTON 5448 2790. 1334 Subsidy 78.75. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, p. 159.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 1 Feb 1311, by K Edw II to P and C of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 185). The market had fallen into disuse by the mid eighteenth century and perhaps as early as the mid sixteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, p. 159).

SWAFFHAM PRIOR 5568 2639. 1334 Subsidy 115.50.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 14 Sept 1309, by K Edw II to P and C of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 130). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+3, Decollation of John (29 Aug); gr 14 Sept 1309, by K Edw II to P and C of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 130). To be held at the manor.

SWAVESEY 5362 2693. Borough 1279 (BF, p. 72). 1334 Subsidy 210. The manor of Swavesey descended from the la Zuche family to the earls of Ormond by the mid fifteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 382). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 390.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 26 Jun 1244, by K Hen III to Alan la Zuche (CChR, 1226–57, p. 279). Tues market held by Alan la Zusche recorded in 1298–9 (QW, p. 104). Tues market recorded in 1350 (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 390). On 24 May 1375, K Edw III inspected and confirmed to Hugh la Zouche a charter of K Hen III dated 4 May 1261, granting Alan la Zouche an unspecified market (CPR, 1374–7, p. 107). On 14 Feb 1505, K Hen VII granted Thomas Ormond, kn, earl of Ormond a Tues market at his town. This grant was made by charter (CPR, 1494–1509, pp. 402, 419). The market had probably fallen into disuse by 1738 and had definitely stopped by 1840 (VCH Cambridgeshire, ix, p. 390).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 26 Jun 1244, by K Hen III to Alan la Zuche (CChR, 1226–57, p. 279). On 4 May 1261, K Hen III granted Alan la Zusch a yearly fair at the manor on the vfm+5 of Michael (29 Sept) in lieu of the fair formerly held there on the vfm+1 Holy Trinity (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 36). Fair held by Alan la Zusche recorded in 1298–9; this was said to last for three days and was held by charter of K Hen III (QW, p. 104). On 24 May 1375, K Edw III inspected and confirmed to Hugh la Zouche a charter of K Hen III dated 4 May 1261, granting Alan la Zouche an unspecified fair (CPR, 1374–7, p. 107). On 14 Feb 1505, K Hen VII granted Thomas Ormond, earl of Ormond a fair on vfm+1 Holy Trinity, to be held at the manor (CPR, 1494–1509, pp. 402, 419).

TRUMPINGTON 5442 2549. 1334 Subsidy 141. See also VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 251.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 20 Apr 1314, by K Edw II to Giles de Trumpeton. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 272). Fair may have continued until the early nineteenth century (VCH Cambridgeshire, viii, p. 251).

WHITTLESFORD 5474 2485. 1334 Subsidy 142.50. The manor passed from Baldwin de Toeny to the Akeny family by 1228 (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 265). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 270.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 12 Oct 1206, by K John to Baldwin de Toeny (RLC, i, p. 74b). On 18 Dec 1242, Baldwin de Akynny was holding a market at the manor; the day of the market was not specified (CR, 1242–7, p. 7). In 1460, the Tues market had no value (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 270).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 20 Mar 1267, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Akeny. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 73). VCH provides no further evidence for this market..
F (Charter) vfm, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 20 Mar 1267, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Akeny. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 73).
F (Prescriptive) Trinity (Easter dep); recorded 1460. The fair had no value. It was the only fair recorded at the manor at this date (VCH Cambridgeshire, vi, p. 270).

WICKEN 5578 2706. 1334 Subsidy 67.50.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 8 Oct 1331, by K Edw III to Humphrey de Bassyngbourn (CChR, 1327–41, p. 233). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Laurence (10 Aug); gr 8 Oct 1331, by K Edw III to Humphrey de Bassyngbourn (CChR, 1327–41, p. 233). To be held at the manor.

WISBECH 5462 3096. 1334 Subsidy 409.50. An important base of the bp of Ely from 1109, with a castle. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, Mon before Lady day in Lent, 1 Aug (Harrison, pp. 393, 395). See also VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, p. 240.
M (Prescriptive) recorded twelfth century. The original market place, described as the ‘Old Market’ in 1221 was to the west of the river. From the twelfth century the ‘New Market’ was on the opposite bank, near the castle. Both markets belonged to the bp of Ely and were still functioning by 1492. A Sat market held by Bp Alcock of Ely is recorded in 1492–3 (VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, pp. 240, 244).
F (Charter) vfm+19, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 21 Apr 1327, by K Edw III to John de Hothom, bp of Ely (CChR, 1327–41, p. 11). To be held at the manor.
F (Prescriptive) Peter and Paul (29 Jun); recorded 1492–3, held by bp Alcock of Ely (VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, p. 244). It has been suggested that the dates of the Trinity fair had changed to become this fair (VCH Cambridgeshire, iv, p. 262).

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