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Last updated: 17 November, 2006

NB: Additions of 4 May 2004 in red. These updates/additions represent changes to the printed Gazetteer published in 2003 by the List and Index Society.

BODMIN 2072 670. Borough 1086 (Alecto Historical Editions, The Cornwall Domesday (London, 1988), p. 8, f. 120v). 1334 Subsidy 200. A monastic or clerical settlement associated with the cult of St Petroc, possibly from before 800 but otherwise from the tenth century (L. Olson, Early Monasteries in Cornwall (Woodbridge, 1989), pp. 66–78). The ch was well endowed with lands by 1066. Domesday Book and the Exon Summaries record 68 houses or burgesses and a market belonging to St Petroc at Bodmin, which was evidently a small town by 1086. The borough is next recorded in 1201. Augustinian canons were established at the ch c.1124 (Alecto Historical Editions, The Cornwall Domesday (London, 1988), p. 8, f. 120v; Darby, p. 364; BF, p. 76). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470). Fair 1587, 13 Mar (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum, held by St Petroc [Bodmin church] (Darby, p. 369; BF, p. 76). Market recorded in 1201 and 1302, when the day was stated to be Sat (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), pp. 88, 259). In 1302, the P of Bodmin successfully claimed that he and his predecessors had held the market from time out of mind (QW, p. 110).
F (Prescriptive) Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); recorded 1274. Known as the Longfair; it was held in the king's highway (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 88).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1302, held by P of Bodmin, who successfully claimed that he and his predecessors had held the fair from time out of mind (QW, p. 110). It is possible that this is the same fair as either that recorded in 1274, or as either of those recorded in 1302.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Michael (29 Sept); recorded 1302 (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 259).
F (Prescriptive) Wed before Pentecost (Easter dep); recorded by 1302 (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 259).

BOSCASTLE 2096 908. Borough 1306 (BF, p. 76). 1334 Subsidy 6. The market granted at the manor of Tolcarne, Cornwall (q.v.) reflects an earlier phase of economic development at Boscastle (Beresford, p. 402). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 16 Aug 1312, by K Edw II to William son of William de Botereux. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 194). On 8 Feb 1399, K Ric II confirmed the charter to Elizabeth, late the wife of William le Botreaux, kn, the tenant of the manor (CPR, 1396–99, p. 472).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1302, held by William de Botereus (QW, p. 108). William successfully claimed that his ancestors had held the fair from time out of mind.
F (Charter) vfm, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 16 Aug 1312, by K Edw II to William son of William de Botereux. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 194). On 8 Feb 1399, K Ric II confirmed the charter to Elizabeth, late the wife of William le Botreaux, kn, the tenant of the manor (CPR, 1396–99, p. 472).

BOSSINEY 2064 889. Borough 1227x56 (BF, p. 76). Beresford states that Bossiney was ‘joined’ with the adjacent Tintagel, Cornwall (q.v.) and that they were considered one borough (Beresford, p. 414).
M (Prescriptive: borough). No further information for the market.

BOSWORGEY 1901 634. In St Columb Major.
F (Charter) vf, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 16 Aug 1312, by K Edw II to William son of William de Botereux. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 194). On 8 Feb 1399, K Ric II confirmed the fair to Elizabeth, late the wife of William le Botreaux, kn, the tenant of the manor (CPR, 1396–99, p. 472).

CALLINGTON 2359 696.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 10 Nov 1267, by K Hen III to Reginald de Ferrariis. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 84). Market held by Reginald de Ferariis recorded in 1302 (QW, p. 110).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 10 Nov 1267, by K Hen III to Reginald de Ferrariis. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 84). Fair held by Reginald de Ferariis recorded in 1302 (QW, p. 110).

CAMELFORD 2105 836. Borough ante 12 Jun 1260 (BF, p. 77). 1334 Subsidy 4.50. On 12 Jun 1260, it was stated that Richard, K of Almain had lately made the town of Camelford a free borough (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 26). As Richard had been elected K of Almain in Jan 1257, this grant may have been made in the intervening three years. Camelford was created in the manor of Helstone in Trigg, in the parish of Lanteglos (Beresford, pp. 400, 403). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470).
M (Charter) Fri; gr ante 12 Jun 1260, by Richard, K of Almain (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 26). K Hen III confirmed this grant on 12 Jun 1260.
F (Charter) vfm, Swithun (2 Jul); gr ante 12 Jun 1260, by Richard, K of Almain. K Hen III confirmed this grant on 12 Jun 1260 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 26). In 1302, it was stated that there was an annual fair, the profit of which was currently taken by the king, as the earldom was in the king’s hands (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 259).

CARGOLL 1816 563. It is possible that the market and fair were held at St Newlyn East, Cornwall (q.v.) which was the main focus of the manor of Cargoll.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor of Caergaul.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor of Caergaul.

EAST LOOE 2256 533. Borough 1201 (Beresford, p. 406). 1334 Subsidy 15. East Looe was a new town founded on the river bank within the parish of St Martin and the manor of Pendrym. By the sixteenth century the ch of St Martin, which was two miles away from East Looe, was also dedicated to St Keyne and there was probably a non-parochial chapel in the town. According to Beresford, the town’s fair was dedicated to St Keyne, but the date at which this was the case is not clear. It seems more likely that the original fair of St Michael came later to be associated with St Keyne, than that there were two fairs. The market and fair were probably held in the town (Beresford, pp. 400, 405–6; N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000), pp. 125, 162–3). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 24 Mar 1237, by K Hen III to Henry de Bodregan (CChR, 1226–57, p. 227). To be held at the manor of Pendrun (sic for Pendrim). Mandate to the sh of Cornwall to proclaim the market and cause it to be held, 15 Mar 1237 (CR, 1234–7, p. 426). In 1302, the market was being held for life by William de Bodrygan, from Henry de Bodrigan, grandson of the grantee. It was stated to be held in the vill (QW, p. 110).
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 24 Mar 1237, by K Hen III to Henry de Bodregan (CChR, 1226–57, p. 227). To be held at the manor of Pendrun (sic for Pendrim). Mandate to the sh of Cornwall to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 15 Mar 1237 (CR, 1234–7, p. 426). In 1302, the fair was being held for life by William de Bodrygan, from Henry de Bodrigan, grandson of the grantee. It was stated to be held in the vill (QW, p. 110). Given the proximity of the feast of St Michael to that of St Keyne (8 Oct), it seems likely that the fair later came to be associated with the latter saint, whose cult was adopted at the parish ch (cf. Beresford, p. 406).

FOWEY 2125 517. Borough 1190x1225 (BF, p. 78). 1334 Subsidy 34.17. Across the river from Polruan, Cornwall (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 12 May 1316, by K Edw II to P and C of Tywardreth (CChR, 1300–26, p. 306). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Barri (25 Sept (?)); gr 12 May 1316, by K Edw II to P and C of Tywardreth (CChR, 1300–26, p. 306). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Lucy (13 Dec); gr 12 May 1316, by K Edw II to P and C of Tywardreth (CChR, 1300–26, p. 306). To be held at the manor.

GOLDSITHNEY 1544 306. 1334 Subsidy 30. Previously known as Merther Sithney. The fair was known as the fair of St James outside the Mount (St Michael’s Mount). The history of the place and of the fair is complex and unclear. It is probable that this was the same fair (feria) as that described as ‘of Eggulf’ in which the sh of Cornwall claimed expenses in 1198 and 1201 (PR, 10 Ric I, p. 172; PR, 3 John, p. 188).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1140, held by A[lan] count of Brittany, earl of Cornwall and Richmond (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of St Michael’s Mount, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. v (Torquay, 1962), no. 5). Alan granted 10s. rent from the fair to the ch of St Michael of the Mount in the sea. In c.1227–42, Richard, count of Poitou and earl of Cornwall stated that he had previously received 10s. rent from William de Walebreans for the fair of St James (25 Jul) beyond the Mount, but that henceforth the rent was to be paid to P and M of St Michael’s Mount in Cornwall. In 1290, this grant was confirmed by Edmund, son of Richard K of Almain and earl of Cornwall. Merther Sithney fair was recorded in 1284. The fair was often specified as a place to pay quarterly rents in documents of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of St Michael’s Mount, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. v (Torquay, 1962), p. xx, nos. 4, 5, 6; J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 88).

GRAMPOUND 1936 483. Borough 1296 (BF, p. 78). 1334 Subsidy 7.25. The borough of Grampound was established before 1296 by the earl of Cornwall in the parish of St Creed, at the manor of Tybeste (Beresford, pp. 400, 404). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470).
M (Charter) gr 1332, by earl of Cornwall to burgesses of Grampound (Beresford, p. 404).
F (Charter) gr 1332, by earl of Cornwall to burgesses of Grampound (Beresford, p. 404).
F (Charter) gr 1332, by earl of Cornwall to burgesses of Grampound (Beresford, p. 404).
Beresford provides no further information regarding the market or fairs.

HELSTON 1658 277. Borough 1201 (BF, p. 78). 1334 Subsidy 43.33. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 6 Dec 1336, by K Edw III to burgesses of Helston (CChR, 1327–41, p. 386). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vfm, Simon and Jude the Apostles (28 Oct); gr 6 Dec 1336, by K Edw III to burgesses of Helston (CChR, 1327–41, p. 386). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vfm, Palm Sunday (Easter dep); gr 6 Dec 1336, by K Edw III to burgesses of Helston (CChR, 1327–41, p. 386). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vfm, Ciricus and Julitta (16 Jun); gr 6 Dec 1336, by K Edw III to burgesses of Helston (CChR, 1327–41, p. 386). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 6 Dec 1336, by K Edw III to burgesses of Helston, to be held at the town (CChR, 1327–41, p. 386).

INSWORKE 2429 5280.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 25 Sept 1319, by K Edw II to Richard Chaumbernoun (CChR, 1300–26, p. 415). To be held at the manor of Inneswerk.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 25 Sept 1319, by K Edw II to Richard de Chaumbernoun (CChR, 1300–26, p. 415). To be held at the manor of Inneswerk.

KILKHAMPTON 2252 1113. Borough 1306 (BF, p. 78). 1334 Subsidy 10.08.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1302, mercatum, held by Richard de Greynvily (QW, p. 110). Richard successfully claimed that he and his ancestors had held the market at the manor from time out of mind.

LANREATH 2181 569. 1334 Subsidy 21.38.
F (Charter) vfm, Manakneu (Easter dep); gr 2 Dec 1266, by K Hen III to Roger de Sancto Custantino, king’s clerk, parson of the ch of St Manakneu (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 62). The date of the feast of Manakneu is the Thurs before Whitsunday (N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000), p. 173).

LAUNCESTON 2331 846. Borough 1201 (BF, p. 77). Mint 1066–1154. 1334 Subsidy 28.33. The name Launceston means ‘church site of St Stephen’ and in 1086 and earlier denoted the settlement in Cornwall now known as St Stephens (q.v.). After the Norman Conquest, the count of Mortain built a castle on the hill at Dunheved across the river from the old town, to which the name Launceston was transferred. This castle became the focus of a new town, called Launceston. It is assumed that when the Normans revived the mint which had been situated at St Stephens, it was moved across to Launceston. Launceston priory was moved from St Stephens to the Launceston side of the river in 1155. Launceston was represented by its own jury at the eyre of 1201, inferring borough status. In 1227x42, it was made a free borough by Richard, earl of Cornwall, who granted the burgesses land on which to build a guildhall. In the later middle ages, a suburb known as Newport developed back across the river towards St Stephens. By 1529, Newport was a parliamentary borough. The value from the 1334 Lay Subsidy relates to the borough of Launceston (Donnheved) (Beresford, p. 405; Glasscock, p. 35; BF, p. 77; P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of Launceston Priory, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. 30 (Torquay, 1987), p. xi). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1086, mercatum, held by Robert, count of Mortain. Count Robert moved the market at St Stephens, Cornwall (q.v.) across to his castle here by 1086. The market rendered 2s. each year. Market recorded in c.1155-65, when it was held by Reginald, earl of Cornwall, son of K Hen [I]. In 1205-6 the men of Launceston paid 5 marks to have their market moved from a Sunday to a Thursday (Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus in Turri Londinensi asservati tempore Regis Johannis, ed. T.D. Hardy (London, 1835), 314). An apparently twelfth century charter stated that the market was held on Thurs (Alecto Historical Editions, The Cornwall Domesday (London, 1988), p. 8, f. 120v). A rent of 20s. was being paid from the market to the ch of St Stephen, Launceston (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of Launceston Priory, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. 30 (Torquay, 1987), no. 13).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) Sun; recorded 1302, held by P of Launceston (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 259). This may have been the same market as that above.
F (Grant: other) m+2, Invention of Stephen (3 Aug); feria gr 1201, by K John to P of Launceston. Nova Oblata: P owed 100s. for having the fair. He had not paid the following year (PR, 3 John, p. 190; PR, 4 John, p. 167).
F (Grant: other) vf, Philip and James (1 May); gr c.1227x43, by Richard, count of Poitou and earl of Cornwall to P and Ca of Launceston. To be held at St James by the water of Kensey (presumably the river Kensey). An agreement between Stephen, P of Launceston and the C and Richard Cobbethorn, mayor of the borough of Dunheved and the commonalty dated 4 Sept 1400, stated that the P and C were to have their Water Fair as of old, without interference (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of Launceston Priory, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. 30 (Torquay, 1987), nos. 38, 63).
F (Prescriptive) Pentecost (Easter dep); recorded 1302, held by mayor and bailiffs of the borough of Dunheved (Launceston) (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 88).
In an agreement between Edmund of Cornwall and the P and C of Launceston, dated 24 May 1284, the former conceded to the latter an unknown number of fairs (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of Launceston Priory, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. 30 (Torquay, 1987), no. 265). Fair of the P of Launceston recorded in 1302; the feast was not specified (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 88).

LAWHITTON 2355 823. 1334 Subsidy 17.25.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor.

LELANT 1544 372. 1334 Subsidy 102.31.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 25 Aug 1296, by K Edw I to William son of William de Botereaus. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 465). William de Botereus was holding the market in 1302 (QW, p. 108).
F (Charter) vfm, Purification (2 Feb); gr 25 Aug 1296, by K Edw I to William son of William de Botereaus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 465). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 25 Aug 1296, by K Edw I to William son of William de Botereaus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 465). To be held at the manor.
William de Botereus was holding a fair in 1302, by virtue of the 1296 charter. The feast of the fair was not given (QW, p. 108).

LISKEARD 2250 646. Borough 1201 (BF, p. 79). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy Liskeard borough was valued at 67; Liskeard manor was valued at 16.50 and Liskeard rural was valued at 24 (Glasscock, p. 34). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum, held by Robert, count of Mortain. The market was worth 4s. (Alecto Historical Editions, The Cornwall Domesday (London, 1988), p. 8, f120v; Darby, p. 369).

LOSTWITHIEL 2103 600. Borough c.1195 (BF, p. 79). 1334 Subsidy 86.67. Founded by the Cardinan family. There was a second borough beside it at Penknight, Cornwall (q.v.); the two boroughs were amalgamated in 1268. Richard, earl of Cornwall granted the burgesses a guild merchant in 1268. Lostwithiel became the administrative centre of the duchy of Cornwall (Beresford, p. 407; BF, p. 81; J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 259). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470).
M (Grant: other) forum, gr 1195, by K Ric I to Robert de Cardinan, lord of Bodardell (PR, 7 Ric I, p. 133). Robert owed 10m. for having the market. He had not paid this by 1203 (PR, 9 Ric I, p. 2; PR, 10 Ric I, p. 173; PR, 2 John, p. 221; PR, 3 John, p. 188; PR, 4 John, p. 167; PR, 5 John, p. 80). On 19 Jul 1224, K Hen III granted Robert de Cardinan a Thurs market until the king came of age. This was deleted, ‘because in the fine roll’ (RLC, i, p. 637).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 13 Jul 1268, by Richard, earl of Cornwall, K of the Romans to burgesses of Lostwithiel and Penknight (Historical Manuscripts Commission, Various Collections, vol i (London, 1901), p. 327). K Edw II made an inspeximus of this charter on 30 Oct 1325.
M (Charter) Thurs, gr 30 Oct 1325, by K Edw II to burgesses of Lostwithiel (CChR, 1300–26, p. 479). To be held in the borough as a second weekly market.
F (Letter Close) vf, Bartholomew (24 Aug); feria gr 19 Jul 1224, by K Hen III to Robert de Cardinan (RLC, i, p. 637). To be held until the king came of age. Deleted ‘because in the fine roll’.
F (Charter) vfm, Bartholomew (24 Aug); nundinas gr 13 Jul 1268, by Richard, earl of Cornwall, K of the Romans to burgesses of Lostwithiel and Penknight (Historical Manuscripts Commission, Various Collections, vol i (London, 1901), p. 327). Fair recorded in 1296–7 (Beresford, p. 407). K Edw II made an inspeximus of this charter on 30 Oct 1325 (Historical Manuscripts Commission, Various Collections, vol i (London, 1901), p. 327).

MENHENIOT 2288 628. 1334 Subsidy 64.50.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 5 Dec 1487, by K Hen VII to John Trelauny, esquire (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 268). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 5 Dec 1487, by K Hen VII to John Trelauny, esquire (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 268).

METHLEIGH 1624 264. Domesday Book states that the bp of Exeter held the market of the manor of Methleigh at the time of K Edw the Confessor (1042–66) and that by 1086, it was held by Robert, count of Mortain. It is possible that the market was held at Breage, which was the main focus of the manor of Methleigh. The grid references for Breage are 1619 2850 and it was valued at £32.25 in the 1334 Lay Subsidy (Glasscock, p. 30).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1066, forum, held by bp of Exeter (C. Thorn and F. Thorn eds, Domesday Book: Cornwall (Chichester, 1979), 2, 2).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1066, held by bp of Exeter (Liber censualis vocatus Domesday Book: Indexes and Additamenta ex codic. antiquiss. (London, Record Commission, 1783–1816), iv, p. 470). Exon Domesday describes the fair which the bishop held, which the count of Mortain later held unjustly. It was listed under terre occupate.

MITCHELL 1859 545. Borough 1301 (BF, p. 80). 1334 Subsidy 4. In 1302, John de Arundell stated that he held the manor of Modeshole by hereditary descent: K Hen III had granted the liberties by charter to Walter de Ralegh and Isabel his wife, whose heir Peter de Ralegh had sold the manor to Ralph, ancestor of John, on whose death the manor had passed to John (QW, 1226–57, p. 109). Assessed as a borough in the 1334 Lay Subsidy (Glasscock, p. 32). Fair 1587, 4 Oct (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 6 Mar 1239, by K Hen III to Walter de Ralegh and Isabel his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 241). In 1302, John de Arundell claimed to hold a market at Mitchell as a liberty of the manor and produced a charter of K Hen III to demonstrate his right (QW, p. 109).
F (Charter) vfm, Francis (4 Oct); gr 6 Mar 1239, by K Hen III to Walter de Ralegh and Isabel his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 241). In 1302, John de Arundell claimed to hold a fair at Mitchell as a liberty of the manor and produced a charter of K Hen III to demonstrate his right (QW, p. 109). In 1499, the lord’s fair (nundinae) at Mitchell was recorded. The fair on the feast of Francis continued into the early seventeenth century (H.S.A. Fox and O.J. Padel eds., The Cornish Lands of the Arundells of Lanherne, Fourteenth to Sixteenth Centuries, Devon and Cornwall Record Society ns 41 (Exeter, 1998), pp. xcvii, 139).

MOUSEHOLE 1469 262. Borough 1327 (BF, p. 80).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 5 Sept 1300, by K Edw I to Henry le Tyeys. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 489). Market held by Henry Tyays in the vill of Mousehole recorded in 1302 (QW, p. 109).
F (Charter) vfm, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 5 Sept 1300, by K Edw I to Henry le Tyeys. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 489). Fair held by Henry Tyays in the vill of Mousehole recorded in 1302 (QW, p. 109).
F (Charter) vf+5, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 25 Apr 1332, by K Edw III to Alice, late the wife of Warin de Insula and her heirs (CChR, 1327–41, pp. 270–1). To be held at the manor.

PADSTOW 1916 754. Borough 1306 (BF, p. 80). 1334 Subsidy 19.50. An important monastic centre founded by St Petroc in the sixth century, although by the tenth and eleventh centuries the focus of his cult had shifted to Bodmin, Cornwall (q.v.) (L. Olson, Early Monasteries in Cornwall (Woodbridge, 1989), pp. 66–78). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Padstow was described as ‘Oldestowe’. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough). No further information for the market.

PAUL 1465 271. 1334 Subsidy 94.38.
F (Charter) vfm, Paul (12 Mar (?)); gr 2 Dec 1266, by K Hen III to Roger de Sancto Custantino, king’s clerk, parson of the ch of St Paulinus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 62). This reference to Paulinus/Paul probably relates to St Paul Aurelian, whose feast day was 12 Mar, rather than to St Paul the Apostle or St Paulinus, bp of York and Rochester, d. 644 (N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000), p. 212).

PELYNT 2203 550. 1334 Subsidy 35.25.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 26 Dec 1356, by K Edw III to A and C of Neweham, Devon (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 153). To be held at the manor.

PENKNIGHT 2093 596. Borough ante 1268 (BF, p. 81). 1334 Subsidy 1.83. Borough amalgamated with the borough of Lostwithiel, Cornwall (q.v.) in 1268 (Beresford, p. 407; BF, p. 81).
M (Prescriptive: borough). No further information for the market.

PENRYN 1787 345. Borough 1236 (BF, p. 81). 1334 Subsidy 20. Borough created by the bp of Exeter on his estate in 1236 (Beresford, p. 401). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 1 May (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 8 Jan 1259, by K Hen III to Walter, bp of Exeter. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 16). Market held by Thomas, bp of Exeter, recorded in 1302 (QW, p. 108).
F (Charter) vfm, Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); gr 8 Jan 1259, by K Hen III to Walter, bp of Exeter. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 16). Fair held by Thomas, bp of Exeter, recorded in 1302 (QW, p. 108).
F (Charter) m+2, Vitalis (28 Apr); gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor.

PENZANCE 1475 300. Borough 1327 (BF, p. 81). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 25 Apr 1332, by K Edw III to Alice, late the wife of Warin de Insula and her heirs (CChR, 1327–41, pp. 270–1). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 8 Apr 1406, by K Hen IV to Thomas, lord of Berkeley (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 430). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vf, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 25 Apr 1332, by K Edw III to Alice, late the wife of Warin de Insula and her heirs (CChR, 1327–41, pp. 270–1). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+5, Peter’s Chair (22 Feb); gr 8 Apr 1406, by K Hen IV to Thomas, lord of Berkeley (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 430).
F (Charter) vf, Conception of Mary (8 Dec); gr 8 Apr 1406, by K Hen IV to Thomas, lord of Berkeley (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 430).
F (Charter) vf, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 8 Apr 1406, by K Hen IV to Thomas, lord of Berkeley (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 430).

POLRUAN 2126 508. Borough 31 May 1385 (CIPM, xv, no. 868). Described as ‘in Lanteglos’, now known as Lanteglos Highway. Polruan is across the river from Fowey, Cornwall (q.v.).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 4 Jul 1292, by K Edw I to Philip de Albiniaco (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 422). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 4 Jul 1292, by K Edw I to Philip de Albiniaco (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 422). To be held at the manor.

PORTHENESS 1469 262. A settlement near Mousehole, Cornwall (q.v.) in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries; it is now lost (O.J. Padel, A Popular Dictionary of Cornish Place Names (Penzance, 1988), p. 125). The grid references relate to Mousehole.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 16 May 1267, by K Hen III to Roger de Sancto Constantino, king’s clerk (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 75). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthias (24 Feb); gr 16 May 1267, by K Hen III to Roger de Sancto Constantino, king’s clerk (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 75). To be held at the manor.

PROBUS 1899 478. 1334 Subsidy 79.50.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 2 Jul 1321, by K Edw II to Thomas de Henton, treasurer of the ch of St Peter, Exeter [Exeter cathedral] (CChR, 1300–26, p. 435). To be held at the manor, which belongs to the office of the treasurer of the ch.
F (Charter) vfm, George the Martyr (23 Apr); gr 2 Jul 1321, by K Edw II to Thomas de Henton, treasurer of the ch of St Peter [Exeter cathedral] (CChR, 1300–26, p. 435). To be held at the manor, which belongs to the office of the treasurer of the ch.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 2 Jul 1321, by K Edw II to Thomas de Henton, treasurer of the ch of St Peter [Exeter cathedral] (CChR, 1300–26, p. 435). To be held at the manor, which belongs to the office of the treasurer of the ch.

REDRUTH 1699 420. 1334 Subsidy 24.
M (Charter) Tues, Sat; gr 28 Jul 1333, by K Edw III to William Basset (CChR, 1327–41, p. 301). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) m+3, Michael (29 Sept); gr 28 Jul 1333, by K Edw III to William Basset (CChR, 1327–41, p. 301). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter’s Chains (1 Aug); gr 28 Jul 1333, by K Edw III to William Basset (CChR, 1327–41, p. 301). To be held at the manor.

ST BURYAN 1409 258. 1334 Subsidy 123.87. An important medieval ch, served by canons from at least 1086 until the Reformation (N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000), p. 78).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 11 Jul 1302, by K Edw I to Ralph de Manton, king’s clerk, dean of the king’s free chapel of St Buryan (CChR, 1300–26, p. 25). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Buryan (1 May (?)); gr 11 Jul 1302, by K Edw I to Ralph de Manton, king’s clerk, dean of the king’s free chapel of St Buryan. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 25). The date of the feast of St Buryan is not certain; it may have been 1 May (N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000), p. 78).
F (Charter) vfm, Martin in Winter (11 Nov); gr 11 Jul 1302, by K Edw I to Ralph de Manton, king’s clerk, dean of the king’s free chapel of St Buryan (CChR, 1300–26, p. 25). To be held at the manor.

ST COLUMB MAJOR 1912 637. 1334 Subsidy 84.75. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 23 Jul 1333, by K Edw III to John de Arendel (CChR, 1327–41, p. 301). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Columba (Thurs after 1 Nov (?)); gr 23 Jul 1333, by K Edw III to John de Arendel. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 301). The date of the feast of St Columba in the medieval period is not clear; it could have been the Thurs after 1 Nov, or the nearest Sun to 17 Nov (N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000), p. 92).
In the mid-fifteenth century, it was stated that the market and fair used to pay 6d. each year (H.S.A. Fox and O.J. Padel eds., The Cornish Lands of the Arundells of Lanherne, Fourteenth to Sixteenth Centuri es, Devon and Cornwall Record Society ns 41 (Exeter, 1998), p. 39).

ST ERME 1847 498. 1334 Subsidy 25.50.
F (Charter) vfm, Ermes (last Sun in Aug (?)); gr 2 Dec 1266, by K Hen III to Roger de Sancto Custantino, king’s clerk, parson of the ch of St Ermes (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 62). The date of the feast associated with St Erme in the medieval period is not known; it may have been the last Sun in Aug (N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000), p. 117).

ST GERMANS 2359 578. 1334 Subsidy 97.50. After the Conquest of Cornwall by K Athelstan, a Cornish bishopric was established at St Germans. In 1030, this was joined with the bishopric of Crediton, Devon (q.v.); in 1050 the seat of the diocese was transferred to Exeter, Devon (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive) Sun; recorded 1086, mercatum, held by St Germans. Domesday Book states that there was a Sun market in 1086, but that it was reduced to nothing on account of the count of Mortain’s market, which was very close by at Trematon, Cornwall (q.v.) (Alecto Historical Editions, The Cornwall Domesday (London, 1988), p. vii, f. 120v; Darby, p. 369).
M (Grant: other) Thurs; mercatum, gr 27 Apr 1222, by K Hen III to P of St Germans (C 60/16 m. 5). Market held by the P of St Germans recorded in 1302; the P successfully claimed that his predecessors had held the market at the vill from time out of mind (QW, p. 108).
M (Charter) Fri, gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor.
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1302, held by P of St Germans (QW, p. 108). The P successfully claimed that his predecessors had held the fair at the vill from time out of mind.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor.

ST MAWES 1845 330. Borough 1306 (BF, p. 81). 1334 Subsidy 2.75.
M (Prescriptive: borough). No further information for the market.

ST MICHAEL’S MOUNT 1515 298. Borough 1215 [Marazion] (BF, p. 80). 1334 Subsidy 38.44. As the history of the markets and fairs at the Mount and in its immediate vicinity is unclear, no attempt has been made to separate them. This entry includes the markets and fairs held on the island of St Michael’s Mount, at Marazion (the mainland settlement across the causeway from the Mount) and at the manor of Marghasyou (Market Jew, which was either next to or part of Marazion). Marazion was occasionally referred to as parvum mercatum in the medieval period, indicating that a market was held there. The reference to a borough in 1215 relates to Marazion. The grid references and the value from the 1334 Lay Subsidy relate to St Michael’s Mount. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 13 Mar [St Michael’s Mount] (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr in or ante 1084, by Robert, count of Mortain to M of Mont S. Michel, Normandy, together with St Michael’s Mount and other land. Although Hull dated this grant to c.1070, Count Robert was unlikely to have received his lands in Cornwall before 1075; the latest date for the grant is 1084. In c.1257–72, Richard, K of the Romans granted the P and M of Blessed Michael in Cornwall three markets (mercata) with the three fairs (see below). No details of the markets were given and it is possible that this was a description of the trading institution of the annual fair, rather than a recognition of three weekly markets (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of St Michael’s Mount, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. v (Torquay, 1962), nos. 1, 7).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 28 Jun 1331, by K Edw III to Ralph de Bloyhou (CChR, 1327–41, p. 229). To be held at the manor of Marghasyou (Market Jew, which was either next to or part of Marazion).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1087–91, held by Robert, count of Mortain and his wife Almodis (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of St Michael’s Mount, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. v (Torquay, 1962), appendix II). Robert and Almodis granted an unspecified number of fairs at St Michael’s Mount to St Michael and the M. It is possible that the fairs below were included in this grant.
F (Prescriptive) vfm, mid Lent (Easter dep); feria recorded c.1257–72, held by P and M of Blessed Michael in Cornwall, when Richard, K of the Romans, granted them that the fair granted by his predecessors, kings of England, at Marazion (Marghasbigan) on soil not their own, would henceforth be held on their own soil at Market Jew (Marchadyon) near their grange (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of St Michael’s Mount, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. v (Torquay, 1962), no. 7).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); feria recorded c.1257–72, held by P and M of Blessed Michael in Cornwall, when Richard, K of the Romans, granted them that the fair granted by his predecessors, kings of England, at Marazion (Marghasbigan) on alien soil, would henceforth be held on their own soil at Market Jew (Marchadyou) near their grange (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of St Michael’s Mount, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. v (Torquay, 1962), no. 7).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Michael in Monte Tumba (16 Oct); recorded by c.1257–72, feria held by P and M of Blessed Michael in Cornwall, when Richard, K of the Romans, granted them that the fair granted by his predecessors, kings of England, at Marazion (Marghasbigan) on alien soil, would henceforth be held on their own soil at Market Jew (Marchadyon) near their grange (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of St Michael’s Mount, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. v (Torquay, 1962), no. 7).
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew the Apostle (30 Nov); gr 28 Jun 1331, by K Edw III to Ralph de Bloyhou, to be held at the manor of Marghasyou (Market Jew, which was either next to or part of Marazion) (CChR, 1327–41, p. 229).
An unspecified fair was recorded at Market Jew in 1284 (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 88).

ST NEWLYN EAST 1828 564.
F (Charter) vfm, Neulina (27 Apr); gr 2 Dec 1266, by K Hen III to Roger de Sancto Custantino, king’s clerk, parson of the ch of St Neulina (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 62).

ST STEPHENS 2326 845. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 79). Mint c.979–1016. 1334 Subsidy 72. Before the Norman Conquest, the town at Launceston, Cornwall (q.v.) was situated on the site of the modern St Stephens, on the north side of the river Kensey. After the Conquest, the focus of economic activity shifted across the river to the present site of Launceston, which grew up around the castle established by the count of Mortain. A mint had been established here in the Anglo–Saxon period. It is presumed that when the mint was revived by the Normans, it was also moved across to the new settlement. The college of priests at St Stephens was converted into a priory of regular canons in the 1120s. In 1155, Launceston priory was moved across the river to Launceston. The value from the 1334 Lay Subsidy relates to St Stephen’s by Launceston, which was taxed at a fifteenth (Beresford, p. 405; Glasscock, p. 34; P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of Launceston Priory, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. 30 (Torquay, 1987), p. xi). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 470).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1066, mercatum, held by Ca of St Stephens (Launceston priory). Domesday Book states that the Ca of St Stephens held a market here at the time of K Edw the Confessor (1042–66) and that after the Norman Conquest, Robert, count of Mortain took control of the market and moved it across the river to Launceston, Cornwall (q.v.). The market at St Stephens was worth 20s. (Alecto Historical Editions, The Cornwall Domesday (London, 1988), p. 8, f. 120v). In 1302, jurors at Launceston stated that the count of Mortain had agreed to pay the P and C of Launceston 20s. yearly after he removed their Sun market (P.L. Hull ed., The Cartulary of Launceston Priory, Devon and Cornwall record society, ns vol. 30 (Torquay, 1987), no. 262).

SALTASH 2428 589. Borough 1201 (BF, p. 82). 1334 Subsidy 20.33. In St Stephen’s parish. Reginald de Valletorte granted a charter to Saltash in 1246 (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 259). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1337 (Beresford, p. 410). Beresford provides no further details for the market.
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1246 (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 259). The fair was stated to be held in the centre of the town.

SHEEPSTALL 1913 438. A deserted medieval village on the river Fal, three-quarters of a mile below the bridge at Tregony, Cornwall (q.v.). The grid references are given to the approximate site. See also M. Somerscales, ‘The deserted village of Sheepstall’, Cornish Archaeology, 3 (1964), pp. 102–3.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 31 Jan 1335, by K Edw III to John Lercedekne. To be held at the town (CChR, 1327–41, p. 327).
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 31 Jan 1335, by K Edw III to John Lercedekne. To be held at the town (CChR, 1327–41, p. 322).

SHEVIOCK 2370 551. Borough in sixteenth century (BF, p. 77). 1334 Subsidy 18. The borough was at Crafthole in Sheviock (BF, p. 77).
M (Charter) Wed, Fri; gr 29 Jul 1314, by K Edw II to Nicholas Dauney (CChR, 1300–26, p. 239). To be held at the manor of Sheviock in Crafthole.
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 29 Jul 1314, by K Edw II to Nicholas Dauney (CChR, 1300–26, p. 239). To be held at the manor of Sheviock in Crafthole.

SUMMERCOURT 1888 562. Also known as Penhale, Long Chipping, or the Long fair. It is possible that the fair was originally at Penhale and was transferred to nearby Summercourt in the reign of K Edw II (J.H. Rowe ed., Cornwall Feet of Fines, 1195–1377, Devon and Cornwall Record Society (Exeter, 1914), no. 56; J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 87). Fair 1587, 14 Sept (Harrison p. 395).
F (Prescriptive) f, Holy Cross in the autumn (14 Sept); recorded 25 June 1234, held by John le Seneschall. Described as ‘la lunge feire’. On 25 June 1234, Andrew de Kardinan granted Emma, who was the wife of Robert de Cardinan, the service of John le Seneshall, including the 20s. that he was accustomed to pay Andrew for the fair. The long fair may be mentioned in a fine from 1201, but the document is damaged and the details uncertain (J.H. Rowe ed., Cornwall Feet of Fines, 1195–1377, Devon and Cornwall Record Society (Exeter, 1914), nos. 24, 56).

TINTAGEL 2057 885. Borough 1227x56 (BF, p. 82). 1334 Subsidy 20.08. Beresford states that Tintagel was ‘joined’ with the adjacent Bossiney, Cornwall (q.v.) and that they were considered one borough (Beresford, p. 414).
M (Grant: other) Wed; gr 1227x43, by Richard, count of Poitou and earl of Cornwall to burgesses and men of Tintagel. The grant was not dated. On 6 Dec 1386, K Ric II confirmed the market to the burgesses of Tintagel (CPR, 1385–89, p. 245). Inspeximus of K Ric II’s confirmation was made on 19 Nov 1426 (CPR, 1422–29, p. 382).
F (Grant: other) Michaelmas (29 Sept); gr 1227x43, by Richard, count of Poitou and earl of Cornwall to burgesses and men of Tintagel. The grant was not dated. On 6 Dec 1386, K Ric II confirmed the fair to the burgesses of Tintagel (CPR, 1385–89, p. 245). Inspeximus of K Ric II’s confirmation was made on 19 Nov 1426. This stated that the fair lasted v+3 Faith (6 Oct) (CPR, 1422–29, p. 382).

TOLCARNE 2097 907. A manor in Minster parish. The market was probably an early phase of economic development at what later became Boscastle, Cornwall (q.v.) (Beresford, p. 402).
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 15 Jul 1204, by K John to William Boterell (RLC, i, p. 2b). Notice to sh of Cornwall.

TREGONY 1925 450. Borough 1201 (BF, p. 82). 1334 Subsidy 17.58. Site of a castle and, by 1112, an Augustinian priory. A bridge was built over the river Fal in 1300. The original market place by the castle may have been replaced by a new site in the extension to the borough (T.R. Slater, ‘Medieval Town Plans’ in R. Kain and W. Ravenhill eds, Historical Atlas of South Western England (Exeter, 1999), p. 411). In 1563, Tregony was described as a market town ‘of much access’ (H.S.A. Fox and O.J. Padel eds., The Cornish Lands of the Arundells of Lanherne, Fourteenth to Sixteenth Centuries, Devon and Cornwall Record Society ns 41 (Exeter, 1998), p. xcvi). See also Sheepstall, Cornwall (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 6 Nov (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Grant: other); gr 1227x72, mercatum, by K Hen III to Henry de Pomeray (QW, p. 109). In 1302, Henry de Pomeray successfully claimed that his father Henry had been granted a market by Henry, late king of England (presumably K Hen III).
F (Charter) vfm, Leonard (6 Nov); gr 18 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to Henry de la Pomeray. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 76). Fair held by Henry, son of the grantee, recorded in 1302 (QW, p. 109).
F (Grant: other) vfm, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 1227x72, by K Hen III to Henry de Pomeray (QW, p. 109). In 1302, Henry de Pomeray successfully claimed that his father Henry had been granted a fair by Henry, late king of England (presumably K Hen III).

TREMATON 2393 598. Borough 1298 (BF, p. 82). 1334 Subsidy 27.67. In St Stephen’s parish.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum, held by Robert, count of Mortain. Robert had a castle and had established a market here that rendered 3s. each year. The market ruined the established Sun market at St Germans, Cornwall (q.v.) (Alecto Historical Editions, The Cornwall Domesday (London, 1988), p. 8, f. 122; Darby, p. 369).

TRURO 1828 448. Borough c.1173 (BF, p. 82). 1334 Subsidy 120.92. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded c.1262. An agreement between the burgesses of Truro and Reginald de Pridias, lord of Newham, dated 1262, indicates a market at Truro, as it mentions a meat market (bucheriam) and a cloth market, as well as buying, selling and taking tolls. These were aspects of the general market at Truro (C. Henderson, ‘Records of the borough of Truro before 1300’, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 23 (1929), pp. 124–5). Market at Truro recorded in 1284 (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 84). In 1302, Thomas Pidyas, Matilda, who was the wife of Richard de Hewysh, Richard son of Richard de Hewysh, Thomas de Tregemenion and Elena his wife, and John de Hellaunde were holding a market at the manor. They all successfully claimed their rights from time out of mind. Thomas Pidyas claimed his right as the assign of John de Ripariis and from John’s ancestors. Matilda, who was the wife of Richard de Hewysh and Richard son of Richard de Hewysh claimed their rights as the assigns of Robert son of Walter de Wodeham and from Robert’s ancestors. Thomas de Tregemenion and Elena his wife claimed their right from all of Elena’s ancestors. John de Hellaunde claimed his right from his ancestors (QW, p. 111).
F (Prescriptive) nundinae recorded c.1250 (C. Henderson, ‘Records of the borough of Truro before 1300’, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 23 (1929), p. 113). In 1302, Thomas Pidyas, Matilda, who was the wife of Richard de Hewysh, Richard son of Richard de Hewysh, Thomas de Tregemenion and Elena his wife, and John de Hellaunde were holding a fair at the manor. They all successfully claimed their rights from time out of mind. Thomas Pidyas claimed his right as the assign of John de Ripariis and from John’s ancestors. Matilda, who was the wife of Richard de Hewysh and Richard son of Richard de Hewysh claimed their rights as the assigns of Robert son of Walter de Wodeham and from Robert’s ancestors. Thomas de Tregemenion and Elena his wife claimed their right from all of Elena’s ancestors. John de Hellaunde claimed his right from his ancestors (QW, p. 111). The fair at Truro may have been held on St Martin’s day (11 Nov) (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 259).

VERYAN 1917 396. 1334 Subsidy 49.50.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 3 Nov 1234, by K Hen III to Michael son of Nicholas and Katharine his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 188). To be held ‘at their manor of Lerky’. Sh of Cornwall ordered to proclaim the charter in the county court and to establish and publicise the market (CR, 1234–7, p. 7).
F (Charter) vfm, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 3 Nov 1234, by K Hen III to Michael son of Nicholas and Katharine his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 188). To be held ‘at their manor of Lerky’. Sh of Cornwall ordered to proclaim the charter in the county court and to establish and publicise the fair (CR, 1234–7, p. 7).

WADEBRIDGE 1988 723. Episcopal manor, known as Pouton, since the ninth century. The town which developed here was known as Wade before the bridge over the river Camel was built in c.1470 (Beresford, p. 413).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor of Pouton.
F (Charter) m+2, Vitalis (28 Apr); gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor of Pouton.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 23 Aug 1311, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 183). To be held at the manor of Pouton.

WEEK ST MARY 2237 977. Borough 1306 (BF, p. 82). 1334 Subsidy 26.25.
M (Grant: other) Wed; mercatum, gr 1221, by K Hen III to Richard de Wyke. To be held until the king came of age. He gave 5m. (C 60/14 m. 5).
F (Grant: other) vf+3, Nativity of Virgin Mary (8 Sept); feria gr 19 Feb 1225, by K Hen III to Roger de Wika. Roger gave 100s. (C 60/22 m. 3). In 1302, Serlo de Nansladron, his steward John de Trulenyn, William Chambernoun and Walter his steward were accused of taking toll from both sellers and buyers, instead of just from sellers. William Chambernoun stated that he had held the fair during the minority of Ranulph de Whiteminster. Ranulph himself had taken control of the manor of Week the previous feast of Michaelmas and had not held a fair since (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), pp. 88, 259). Fair on 8 Sept recorded c.1700 (A. Preston-Jones and P. Rose, ‘Week St Mary: town and castle’, Cornish Archaeology, 31 (1992), pp. 143–53).

WEST LOOE 2253 532. Borough 1201 (J. Whetter, Cornwall in the Thirteenth Century: a study in social and economic history (Gorran, 1998), p. 86). 1334 Subsidy 16.50. In the parish of Talland, within the manor of Porbuan; it was often called Porbuan, or Portbighan. The charter from Richard, earl of Cornwall to Odo de Treverbyn also confirmed the borough status granted to the settlement by Odo. Borough incorporated in 1584 (CPR, 1324–7, p. 28; Beresford, pp. 400, 406). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Grant: other) Wed; gr 1227x43, by Richard, count of Poitou and earl of Cornwall to Odo de Treverbyn. On 22 Sept 1324, K Edw II confirmed the market to Roger Pridiaux and Elizabeth his wife, kinswoman and one of the heirs of Odo, John Dauney and Sibyl his wife, kinswoman and the other heir of Odo, and the heirs of Elizabeth and Sibyl (CPR, 1324–7, p. 28).
F (Grant: other) vfm, Michaelmas (29 Sept); gr 1227x43, by Richard, count of Poitou and earl of Cornwall to Odo de Treverbyn. On 22 Sept 1324, K Edw II confirmed the fair to Roger Pridiaux and Elizabeth his wife, kinswoman and one of the heirs of Odo, John Dauney and Sibyl his wife, kinswoman and the other heir of Odo, and the heirs of Elizabeth and Sibyl (CPR, 1324–7, p. 28).

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