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Last updated: 14 July, 2010

NB: Updates/additions since the printed Gazetteer was published in 2003 are given in red

ALPHINGTON 2919 899. Borough 1304 (BF, p. 86). 1334 Subsidy 28.50.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1350, when a fish market was recorded here (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 360).

ASHBURTON 2755 698. Borough 1238 (BF, p. 86). 1334 Subsidy 33.46. Stannary town. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded ante 1176–7, forum. This reference is to a market in a charter of Henry de Nunant and an earlier charter of of his father Roger. It probably concerns the period before 1176–7, when Roger de Nonant died (F.C. Hingeston-Randolph ed., The Register of John de Grandisson, Bishop of Exeter (London, 1894–99), iii, p. 1570).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Martinmas (11 Nov); gr 16 Nov 1313, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 224). To be held at the manor.

ASHPRINGTON 2818 571. 1334 Subsidy 18.75.
M (Prescriptive) recorded c.1134–8, held by Roger de Nunant son of Wido son of Roger seigneur de Nunant, who granted to the ch of St Mary de Tototenesia [Totnes priory] and the M the fish market that he had made on the land of the M at Asprintona (H.R. Watkin ed., The History of Totnes Priory and Medieval Town, Devonshire: together with the sister priory of Tywardreath, Cornwall (Torquay, 1914) i, pp. 35–6).

AVETON GIFFORD 2693 478. Borough 1384 (BF, p. 86). 1334 Subsidy 40.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 4 Jan 1290, by K Edw I to Robert de Dynham (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 341). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Invention of the Cross (3 May); gr 4 Jan 1290, by K Edw I to Robert de Dynham (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 341). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 4 Jan 1290, by K Edw I to Robert de Dynham (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 341). To be held at the manor.

AWLISCOMBE 3133 1018. 1334 Subsidy 10.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 10 Jul 1292, by K Edw I to Matthew Giffard (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 423). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 10 Jul 1292, by K Edw I to Matthew Giffard (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 423). To be held at the manor.

AXMINSTER 3297 985. Borough 1209 (BF, p. 86). 1334 Subsidy 50. K John granted the royal manor of Axminster to William Brewer on 27 Sept 1204 (RCh, p. 139). The grant included a market, but not a fair (cf. Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 360, which suggests that a fair was granted). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Formerly Prescriptive) Sun; recorded 27 Sept 1204, mercatum, when K John granted William Briwer the market as it was accustomed to be in that place (sicut ibi esse consuevit). This was part of the grant of the manor (RCh, p. 139). The market was confirmed by K John on 16 Aug 1215 (RCh, p. 217b). In 1220, William Brewer alleged that the market was being damaged by the markets at Sidmouth, Devon and Lyme Regis, Dorset (q.v.) (CRR, ix, p. 212). In 1224, William de Breus’ brought a suit against the Ca of Exeter and their market at Teignmouth (East), Devon (q.v.) (CRR, xi, no. 641).

BAMPTON 2957 1223. Borough 1180x1210; c.1200 (BF, p. 87; BF, supplement, p. 62). 1334 Subsidy 57.44. There appear to have been two fairs (or two parts of the same fair belonging to separate owners) on the feast of St Luke: one associated with the manor and the other with the chapel of St Luke outside the main settlement. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 8 Sept 1267, by K Hen III to John Cogan. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 80). On 15 Jul 1321, K Edw II granted Richard de Kogan a Wed market in lieu (CChR, 1300–26, p. 436).
F (Formerly Prescriptive) vfm, Luke (18 Oct); recorded 14 Jun 1258, when K Hen III granted Master Osmund, rector of the ch of Bampton, a yearly fair at the chapel of St Luke without the town of Bampton, as enjoyed by his predecessors. On 17 Dec 1267, this charter was renewed at the instance of Master Osmond, rector of the ch of Bampton (CChR, 1257–1300, pp. 12, 85).
F (Charter) vfm, Luke (18 Oct); gr 8 Sept 1267, by K Hen III to John Cogan. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 80). On 6 May 1302, John de Cogan was holding a fair on f Luke (CIPM, iv, no. 89).
F (Charter) Wed, Thurs, Fri, in Whit week (Easter dep); gr 8 Sept 1267, by K Hen III to John Cogan. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 80). On 6 May 1302, John de Cogan was holding a fair on Thurs in Whit week (CIPM, iv, no. 89).

BARNSTAPLE 2560 1334. Borough c.1018 (BF, p. 87). Mint Edmund/Edgar–1135. 1334 Subsidy 187. Borough in Domesday Book (Darby, p. 364). See also the entries for Pilton and Newport, Devon (q.v.). Barnstaple was the second most important market centre in medieval Devon after Exeter, Devon (q.v.) (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 69). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) Fri; recorded 1274, held by Henry de Tracy, lately deceased. The market produced 60s. in 1274. Fri was the market day in 1689 (J.R. Chanter and T. Wainwright eds, Reprint of the Barnstaple Records (Barnstaple, 1900), i, pp. 97, 105). This was the most successful market in Barnstaple (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 69).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) Wed; recorded 1344 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 69, 360). The Wed market was established after that on Fri. It may date from before 1272.
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); recorded 1154 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 360). In 1274, Henry de Tracy, lately deceased, was holding a fair from 9 o’clock on the v of the Blessed [Mary] Virgin until vespers on the f. The fair produced 10s. per year (J.R. Chanter and T. Wainwright eds, Reprint of the Barnstaple Records (Barnstaple, 1900), i, p. 105). It was one of the most important fairs in Devon (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 59).
F (Letter Patent) vf+2, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); gr 18 May 1343, by K Edw III to burgesses of Barnstaple (CPR, 1343–5, p. 90). The fair was not successful (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 69).

BERE FERRERS 2459 6340. Borough 1305 (BF, p. 87). 1334 Subsidy 17.50. Kowaleski identified the site of this market and fair as Bere Alston, which in the fourteenth century was a hamlet of Bere Ferrers (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 360; J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds., The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1932), i, p. 223). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 28 Dec 1295, by K Edw I to Reginald de Ferrariis (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 463). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew (30 Nov); gr 28 Dec 1295, by K Edw I to Reginald de Ferrariis (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 463). To be held at the manor.

BIDEFORD 2453 1265. Borough 1204x17 (BF, p. 87). 1334 Subsidy 72.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Fri; recorded 26 Aug 1218, mercatum, the sh of Devon was ordered that henceforth the day of market was to be changed from Fri to Wed (RLC, i, p. 369). No weekly market at a set day by 1539x45 (Lee, 'John Leland's Itinerary', p. 24).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 25 May 1272, by K Hen III to Richard de Greyvill. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 181). In 1274–5, Richard de Greyvile was holding a Mon market in the borough of Bideford (RH, i, p. 64).
F (Charter) vf+3, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 25 May 1272, by K Hen III to Richard de Greyvill. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 181). In 1274–5, Richard de Greyvile was holding a fair on vf Margaret the virgin in the manor of Bideford (RH, i, p. 64).

BISHOP’S CLYST 2973 910. 1334 Subsidy 12.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133). To be held at the manor.

BISHOPSTEIGNTON 2910 737. 1334 Subsidy 15. Apparently called Teignton until 1262, when the place-name Bishopsteignton is first recorded (J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds., The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1932), ii, p. 487). Kowaleski identifies the grant of 1256 as relating to West Teignmouth, perhaps on the grounds that the fair was held on the feast of St James, but Bishopsteignton seems more likely (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 366). See also Teignmouth (East) and Teignmouth (West), Devon (q.v.).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 21 Jan 1256, by K Hen III to Richard, bp of Exeter. To be held at the manor of Teignton. The charter is not enrolled, but is known from its renewal by K Hen III to Richard, bp of Exeter on 20 Jan 1270 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 134).
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 21 Jan 1256, by K Hen III to Richard, bp of Exeter. To be held at the manor. The charter is not enrolled, but is known from its renewal by K Hen III to Richard, bp of Exeter on 20 Jan 1270 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 134).

BLACK TORRINGTON 2464 1057. 1334 Subsidy 32.25. On 22 Jan 1219, Roger la Zuche was granted land in Black Torrington, late of Joelus del Meyne, to sustain himself in the king’s service (RLC, i, p. 386). On 4 Jan 1228, this was made an hereditary grant (CChR, 1226–57, p. 66).
M (Prescriptive) recorded ante 1219, mercatum, held by Joelus de Meyne (QW, p. 164). On 1 May 1219, Roger la Zuche was granted a Wed market, to be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Devon to cause him to have the market and to proclaim it (RLC, i, p. 391). In 1281, William la Suche called to warranty Roger la Sushe, who stated that Black Torrington, with its market, had been held by Joelus del Meyne. It had been taken into the king’s hands and subsequently granted to Roger la Susche, his grandfather, to be held as it had been held by Joelus. By this argument, Roger successfully claimed the market. The day of the market was not given (QW, p. 164).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded ante 1219, held by Joelus de Meyne (QW, p. 164). On 1 May 1219, Roger la Zuche was granted a fair on vf Assumption of Mary (15 Aug) to be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Devon to cause him to have the fair and to proclaim it (RLC, i, p. 391). In 1281, William la Suche called to warranty Roger la Sushe, who stated that Black Torrington, with its fair had been held by Joelus del Meyne. It had been taken into the king’s hands and subsequently granted to Roger la Susche, his grandfather, to be held as it had been held by Joelus. By this argument, Roger successfully claimed the fair. The feast of the fair was not given (QW, p. 164).

BOVEY TRACEY 2816 785. Borough possibly early thirteenth century; 1326 (BF, p. 87). 1334 Subsidy 30. Also known as South Bovey (J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds., The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1932) ii, p. 467). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 23 Oct 1219, by K Hen III to Eva de Tracey. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Devon to cause her to have it (C 60/9 m. 3). Nova Oblata: Eva owed one palfrey (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 23).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 18 Jul 1260, by K Hen III to Henry de Tracy son of Henry de Tracy. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 26). It is possible that the market granted in 1219 did not lapse as it should have done in 1227. The 1260 grant may in practice have been a confirmation of the market, on the occasion of the granting of the fair.
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); gr 18 Jul 1260, by K Hen III to Henry de Tracy son of Henry de Tracy. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 26). Fair recorded in the late fourteenth century (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 59).

BOW 2722 1017. Borough 1308 (BF, p. 88). The borough at Bow was created in the parish of Nymet Tracey by Henry de Tracey. Burgesses were recorded in 1326 (Beresford, p. 419; J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds., The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1932) ii, p. 360). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 4 Jul 1259, by K Hen III to Henry de Tracy (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 19). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Martin (11 Nov); gr 4 Jul 1259, by K Hen III to Henry de Tracy. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 19). A fair was worth 3 in 1326; it continued until 1629 (Beresford, p. 419).

BRADNINCH 2999 1042. Borough 1141x57 (BF, p. 88). 1334 Subsidy 34.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Sat; mercatum, gr 25 Sept 1208, by K John to Henry fitz Count (RCh, p. 183). In 1230, Henry de Trublevill brought a suit against William Peverel de Saunford, alleging that his market was being damaged by the latter’s Sat market at Sampford Peverel, Devon (q.v.) (CRR, xiii, no. 2496; CR, 1227–31, p. 345).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 19 Sept 1239, by K Hen III to Henry de Trubleville (CChR, 1226–57, p. 246).
F (Charter) 3+f, Denis (9 Oct); feria gr 25 Sept 1208, by K John to Henry fitz Count (RCh, p. 183). On 22 Nov 1300, Edmund, earl of Cornwall, lately deceased, was holding a fair on the feast of Denis (CIPM, iii, no. 604).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 19 Sept 1239, by K Hen III to Henry de Trubleville (CChR, 1226–57, p. 246).

BRADWORTHY 2324 1140. 1334 Subsidy 74.25.
M (Grant: other) Wed; mercatum, gr 1234, by K Hen III to Richard de Langeford. On 2–3 Jul 1234, Richard offered 5m. for the market and fair (below) (CRR, xv, no. 1035). On 2 Jul 1234, the sh of Devon was ordered to read the charter granting Richard de Longford a market in the full session of the county court, to publicise the market and cause it to be held (CR, 1231–4, p. 465). On 31 Oct 1236, the sh of Devon was ordered to proclaim that Richard de Langeford had a Fri market, which was formerly held on Wed and cause it to be established (CR, 1234–7, p. 382).
F (Grant: other) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); feria gr 1234, by K Hen III to Richard de Langeford. On 2–3 Jul 1234, Richard offered 5m. for the fair and market (above) (CRR, xv, no. 1035). On 2 Jul 1234, the sh of Devon was ordered to read the charter granting Richard de Longford a fair in the full session of the county court, to publicise the fair and cause it to be held (CR, 1231–4, p. 465). On 31 Oct 1236, the sh of Devon was ordered to publicise Richard de Langeford’s fair on vfm Holy Trinity (Easter dep), which was formerly held on Decollation of John the Baptist, and cause it to be held (CR, 1234–7, p. 382).

BRENDON 2768 1482. 1334 Subsidy 10.88.
M (Grant: other) Wed; mercatum, gr 18 Dec 1221, by K Hen III to Richard Beaupeil. To be held until the king came of age. Richard gave one palfrey (C 60/16 m.8).

BRIDGETOWN 2814 603. Borough ante 1268 (BF, p. 88). A suburb of Totnes, Devon (q.v.), it was also known as Bridgetown Pomeroy.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 18 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to Henry de la Pomeray (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 76). To be held at the manor.

BROADHEMBURY 3102 1047. 1334 Subsidy 31.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 4 Aug 1290, by K Edw I to A and C of Dunkewell (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 371). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); gr 4 Aug 1290, by K Edw I to A and C of Dunkewell (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 371). To be held at the manor.

BUCKFASTLEIGH 2738 661. 1334 Subsidy 18.19.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 24 Apr 1353, by K Edw III to A and C of Buckfast (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 130).
F (Charter) f+2, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 16 Sept 1460, by K Hen VI to A and C of the house and ch of St Mary, Buckfast. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 136). On 28 May 1462, K Edw IV granted the fair to the A and C of the house and ch of St Mary of Buckfast (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 153).

BUCKLAND BREWER 2419 1209. 1334 Subsidy 57.50.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 4 Aug 1290, by K Edw I to A and C of Dunkwell (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 371). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); gr 4 Aug 1290, by K Edw I to A and C of Dunkwell (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 371). To be held at the manor.

BUCKLAND MONACHORUM 2490 683. 1334 Subsidy 16.38.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 10 Feb 1318, by K Edw II to A and C of Buckland (CChR, 1300–26, p. 373). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 10 Feb 1318, by K Edw II to A and C of Buckland (CChR, 1300–26, p. 373). To be held at the manor.

CANONSLEIGH 3066 1173. 1334 Subsidy 2.37. The grant of the market and fair was associated with the re-foundation of the priory in 1284 (V. London ed., The Cartulary of Canonsleigh Abbey: a Calendar, Devon and Cornwall Record Society (Torquay, 1965), pp. xi–xii).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 13 May 1286, by K Edw I to As and Canonesses of Legh (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 291). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+3, Theobald (30 Jun); gr 26 Apr 1286, by K Edw I to Ps and Canonesses of Canons Leigh. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 331). It is not clear which Theobald the feast related to. There was a chapel dedicated to Theobald near the abbey in the parish of Burlescombe. The Canonsleigh cartulary states that the fair was to be held on vfm+2 Trinity. In 1286, Trinity was on 9 Jun. However, 9 Jun is not known to have been the feast day of any St Theobald. The most likely saint to be commemorated here is St Theobald of Provins (d. 1066) whose feast was 30 Jun or 1 Jul. Kowaleski attributes the fair to 29 Jun–3 Jul (V. London ed., The Cartulary of Canonsleigh Abbey: a Calendar, Devon and Cornwall Record Society (Torquay, 1965), p. xv, no. 34; D.H. Farmer, The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (Oxford, 1979), p. 533; C.R. Cheney ed., Handbook of Dates for Students of English History (London, 1991); Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 361).

CHAGFORD 2701 875. 1334 Subsidy 1.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive) Sun; recorded ante 1220, mercatum, held by Hugh de Chaggeford. In 1220, this market was alleged to be damaging that at Moretonhampstead, Devon (q.v.). Hugh de Chaggeford claimed his market had been operating for one hundred years. It had previously been held on Sun, but he had changed the day to Sat out of respect for religion. It was alleged that the market had only been a wake, in which meat and bread were sold. This had been prohibited by K John and neither a wake or a market had been held at Chagford during the war. However, Hugh stated that he held and had always held a market, because he took toll and stallage (CRR, viii, pp. 267–8). The ‘war’ began in May–Jun 1215; despite K John’s death in Oct 1216, it continued until Sept 1217.

CHARDSTOCK 3309 1044. 1334 Subsidy 92.63. Transferred from Dorset to Devon in 1896 (Guide, i, p. 109).
M (Grant: other) Wed; mercatum, gr 7 Mar 1219, by K Hen III to bp of Salisbury. The bp gave one palfrey. Mandate to the sh of Dorset (C 60/11 m.7). The bp was given a letter close for a Wed market to be held at the manor on the same day, 7 Mar 1219. The terms of the fine and of the letter close appear to be the same. The letter close was subsequently cancelled, ‘because on the Fine Roll, for one palfrey which he gave’ (RLC, i, p. 389). 1219, Nova Oblata: bp of Salisbury owed one palfrey (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 179).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 10 Apr 1441, by K Hen VI to William, bp of Salisbury. To be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 11). On 20 Feb 1462, K Edw IV granted Richard bp of Salisbury the market (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 180).
F (Charter) vfm, Michael in September (29 Sept); gr 10 Apr 1441, by K Hen VI to William, bp of Salisbury. To be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 11). On 20 Feb 1462, K Edw IV granted Richard bp of Salisbury the fair (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 180).

CHAWLEIGH 2712 1127. Borough c.1340 (BF, p. 88). 1334 Subsidy 30.
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum, gr 26 Sept 1254, by K Hen III to John de Curtenay (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4148; CPR, 1247–58, p. 338).
F (Charter) vf+2, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); feria gr 26 Sept 1254, by K Hen III to John de Curtenay (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4148; CPR, 1247–58, p. 338).

CHILLINGTON 2799 428. Borough 1309 (BF, p. 89).
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 21 Jun 1218, by K Hen III to Matthew son of Herbert. To be held at the manor of Chedelinton. Mandate to the sh of Devon to cause him to have it (RLC, i, p. 363b).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Tues; recorded 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 361).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Philip and James (1 May); recorded 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 361).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); recorded 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 361).

CHITTLEHAMPTON 2635 1256. 1334 Subsidy 28.75.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 20 Aug 1218, by K Hen III to Matthew son of Herbert. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Devon to cause him to have the market (RLC, i, p. 368).

CHUDLEIGH 2867 794. Borough described as new in 1308 (BF, p. 89). 1334 Subsidy 20. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133).
F (Charter) vfm, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133).

CHULMLEIGH 2687 1142. Borough 1274 (BF, p. 89). 1334 Subsidy 30.75. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 24 Mar 1292, held by Hugh de Curtenay (CIPM, iii, no. 31).
F (Prescriptive) f, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); recorded 24 Mar 1292, held by Hugh de Curtenay (CIPM, iii, no. 31).

CLIFTON 2878 513. The grid references refer to Dartmouth, Devon (q.v.).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 5 Aug 1302, by K Edw I to Gilbert Fizestevene (CChR, 1300–26, p. 26). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 5 Aug 1302, by K Edw I to Gilbert Fizestevene (CChR, 1300–26, p. 26). To be held at the manor.
Kowaleski suggests that neither the market or fair were established, as they are not mentioned in the sources again (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1 p. 362 n. 7).

CLOVELLY 2317 1247. 1334 Subsidy 48.75.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 1 Jun 1290, by K Edw I to Matthew Giffard (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 351). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 1 Jun 1290, by K Edw I to Matthew Giffard (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 351). To be held at the manor.

COCKINGTON 2891 638. 1334 Subsidy 12.50.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 13 Jan 1353, by K Edw III to Walter de Wodelond (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 126). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 13 Jan 1353, by K Edw III to Walter de Wodelond (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 126). To be held at the manor.

COLYFORD 3250 925. Borough 1225x38 (BF, p. 89). 1334 Subsidy 18.75.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Thurs; recorded 1274. A market was also recorded in c.1340 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 362).

COLYTON 3246 941. 1334 Subsidy 61.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 29 Apr 1292, held by Hugh de Curtenay in ‘common’ with Thomas de Saundford (CIPM, iii, no. 31). A market was recorded in c.1340 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 362 n.5).
F (Charter) octave of Michael+7 (29 Sept); gr 1 Sept 1207, by K John to Thomas Basset. To be held at the manor (RCh, p. 169). Post c.1245, Johanna de Valle torta, in her widowhood, quitclaimed to the A and C of Torre the toll which pertained on their merchandise which they bought and sold in the fair (nundinae) of Kalixtus (14 Oct). She was the daughter of Thomas Basset (H.R. Watkin ed., The History of Totnes Priory and Medieval Town, Devonshire: together with the sister priory of Tywardreath, Cornwall (Torquay, 1914), ii, p. 737). On 29 Apr 1292, Hugh de Curtenay in ‘common’ with Thomas de Saundford, was holding a fair on Calixtus (CIPM, iii, no. 31). Although these appear to be two separate fairs, associated with different feasts, Kowaleski notes that the fair at Colyton was known as the Calixtus fair as it ended on that feast day. By 1281, the fair may have lasted for fifteen days. This was one of the most important fairs in Devon (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 362 n.5).

COMBE MARTIN 2586 1463. Borough 1249 (BF, p. 89). 1334 Subsidy 23.31. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Letter Close) Sat; mercatum, gr 19 Jun 1222, by K Hen III to Nicholas Martin, nephew of Falk de Breaut. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (C 60/16 m.4).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 12 Feb 1265, by K Hen III to Nicholas son of Martin (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 53). To be held at the manor.
F (Letter Close) vfm, Pentecost (Easter dep); feria gr 5 Oct 1222, by K Hen III to Nicholas nephew of Falkes de Breaute. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 511).
F (Charter) vf+2, Whitsun (Easter dep); gr 12 Feb 1265, by K Hen III to Nicholas son of Martin (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 53). To be held at the manor.

CREDITON 2836 1002. Borough 1231x42 (BF, p. 89). 1334 Subsidy 40.54. Important monastery from the seventh century. Seat of bishopric 909–1050, then transferred to Exeter, Devon (q.v.). The church then became collegiate. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 30 Jan 1231, by K Hen III to W bp of Exeter (CChR, 1226–57, p. 129). Mandate to sh of Devon to proclaim the market and cause it to be held, 30 Jan 1231 (CR, 1227–31, p. 475).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 30 Jan 1231, by K Hen III to W bp of Exeter (CChR, 1226–57, p. 129). Mandate to sh of Devon to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 30 Jan 1231 (CR, 1227–31, p. 475).
F (Charter) m+8, Mark (25 Apr); gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+7, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Walter, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133). To be held at the manor.

CROYDE 2445 1392. 1334 Subsidy 31.50.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 26 Nov 1253, by K Hen III to Richard Lauthane. To be held at the manor. The name of the grantee is given as Richard Bauchan in the printed Patent Roll (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2620; CPR, 1247–58, p. 296).

CULLOMPTON 3022 1072. 1334 Subsidy 40. Roman fort. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 10 Feb 1318, by K Edw II to A and C of Buckland (CChR, 1300–26, p. 373). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, George (23 Apr); gr 10 Feb 1318, by K Edw II to A and C of Buckland (CChR, 1300–26, p. 373). To be held at the manor.

DALWOOD 3248 1005. Transferred from Dorset to Devon in 1844 (Guide, i, p. 119).
F (Charter) vf+3, Peter and Paul the Apostles (29 Jun); gr 1 Jul 1344, by K Edw III to William Chauntmerle (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 33). To be held at the manor.

DARTMOUTH 2878 513. Borough 1341 (BF, p. 90). 1334 Subsidy 110. Probably developed as a commercial centre from the mid twelfth century, with the use of the harbour as an assembly point for fleets (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 70). See also Clifton, Devon (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 1205, by K John to Ric’ le Flemeng and William fitz Stephen. They gave two palfreys for the market, to be held at Dartmouth. Mandate to the sh of Devon to cause them to have the market (T.D. Hardy ed., Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus in Turri Londinensi Asservati, Tempore Regis Johannis (London, 1835), p. 295). On 18 Jan 1231, K Hen III granted a Wed market to Richard de Gloucester, son of William son of Stephen, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 128). Mandate to sh of Devon to proclaim the market and cause it to be held, 18 Jan 1231, when the day of the market was given as Mon (CR, 1227–31, p. 471). In 1233, it was alleged that the market held by Richard fitz Stephen was damaging that at Totnes, Devon (q.v.). Richard stated that his market was granted by the king and denied that it damaged any other market. In 1234–5, twelve knights came to judge whether Dartmouth was damaging the other market. Judgement went against Richard fitz Stephen’s market at Dartmouth, but he then claimed that the members of the jury were Eva de Breusa’s men (CRR, xv, nos. 235, 1285). In 1242, it was judged that Gilbert son of Stephen’s market at Dartmouth was damaging William Cantilupe’s market at Totnes (CRR, xvii, no. 375).
F (Charter) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 18 Jan 1231, by K Hen III to Richard de Gloucester, son of William son of Stephen. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 128). Mandate to sh of Devon to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 18 Jan 1231, when the feast of the fair was given as Nativity of John the Baptist (CR, 1227–31, p. 471).

DENBURY 2823 689. Borough 1393 (BF, p. 90). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Denbury was assessed with Torbryan at 27.75 (Glasscock, p. 50).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 7 May 1286, by K Edw I to A and C of Tavistock. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 331). Granted again by K Edw I to the A and C of Tavistock on 8 Jun 1290 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 352).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 7 May 1286, by K Edw I to A and C of Tavistock. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 331). On 8 Jun 1290, K Edw I granted A and C of Tavistock a fair on vf Nativity of Mary, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 352).

DODBROOKE 2738 441. Borough 1294–5 (BF, p. 90). 1334 Subsidy 21.67. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 7 Jan 1257, by K Hen III to Alan son of Roald de Aston (CChR, 1226–57, p. 456). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 7 Jan 1257, by K Hen III to Alan son of Roald de Aston (CChR, 1226–57, p. 456). To be held at the manor.

DREWSTEIGNTON 2736 908. 1334 Subsidy 5.75.
M (Prescriptive) Mon; recorded 1388 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 362).

ERMINGTON 2638 532. 1334 Subsidy 37.50.
M (Charter) Tues and Fri; gr 6 Mar 1304, by K Edw I to John de Benstede, king’s clerk (CChR, 1300–26, p. 40). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 6 Mar 1304, by K Edw I to John de Benstede, king’s clerk (CChR, 1300–26, p. 40). To be held at the manor.

EXETER 2916 924. Borough early tenth century (Defence, pp. 202–4). Mint ante 924–1154. 1334 Subsidy 366.17. Roman city. Monastic centre from the seventh century. One of the four burhs of Devon in the Burghal Hidage. Seat of bishopric from 1050, when transferred from Crediton, Devon (q.v.). City in Domesday Book. The most prominent town in medieval Devon. Among the top ten English towns in the twelfth century, it lost rank in the thirteenth and regained its position in the fifteenth. Exeter’s outport was Topsham, Devon (q.v.). From the time of K Edw the Confessor onwards, revenues from Exeter were often assigned to the queen as her dower (Defence, pp. 202–4; BF, p. 91; Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 69, 325). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, Ash Wed; 1 Aug; 6 Dec (Harrison, pp. 394–5, 397). See also M. Kowaleski, Local Markets and Regional Trade in Exeter (Cambridge, 1995).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) Sun; recorded 29 Jul 1213, mercatum, held by citizens of Exeter. On 29 Jul 1213, the day of the market in the king’s town of Exeter was changed from Sun to Mon. Mandate to the sh of Devon (RLC, i, p. 139). In 1281, markets were held on Mon, Wed and Fri. Exeter was the only town with three market days per week in the south west of England (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 60, 363).
F (Prescriptive) Nicholas (6 Dec); feria recorded 1130, held by K Hen I (PR, 31 Hen I, p. 153). Fair noted in 1157, 1159–62, 1164–74, 1176–88, 1194–1203, 1220–1 and 1230 (PR, 2–3–4 Hen II, p. 158; PR, 5 Hen II, p. 41; PR, 6 Hen II, p. 51; PR, 7 Hen II, p. 28; PR, 9 Hen II, p. 12; PR, 10 Hen II, p. 19; PR, 11 Hen II, p. 79; PR, 12 Hen II, p. 93; PR, 13 Hen II, p. 169; PR, 14 Hen II, p. 125; PR, 15 Hen II, p. 47; PR, 16 Hen II, p. 97; PR, 17 Hen II, p. 25; PR, 18 Hen II, p. 98; PR, 19 Hen II, p. 143; PR, 20 Hen II, p. 89; PR, 21 Hen II, p. 59; PR, 22 Hen II, p. 153; PR, 23 Hen II, pp. 1–2, 9; PR, 24 Hen II, pp. 10, 16; PR, 25 Hen II, p. 11; PR, 26 Hen II, p. 89; PR, 27 Hen II, p. 27; PR, 28 Hen II, p. 27; PR, 29 Hen II, p. 112; PR, 30 Hen II, p. 74; PR, 31 Hen II, p. 156; PR, 32 Hen III, p. 152; PR, 33 Hen III, p. 143; PR, 34 Hen II, p. 165; PR, 6 Ric I, p. 167; PR, 7 Ric I, pp. 125, 129; Chancellor’ ;s Roll, 8 Ric I, p. 143; PR, 9 Ric I, p. 4; PR, 10 Ric I, p. 177; PR, 1 John, p. 188; PR, 2 John, p. 225; PR, 3 John, p. 216; PR, 4 John, p. 245; PR, 5 John, p. 72; PR, 4 Hen III, p. 82; PR, 5 Hen III, p. 66; PR, 14 Hen III, p. 14). From the twelfth to the fourteenth century, the fair was generally held by the king, although the farm of the fair was occasionally granted to others, including the queen (cf. fair 2 below). Fair appears to have been held within the precinct of St Nicholas priory. It was the most successful Exeter fair in the fourteenth century. After 1332, the right to take revenue from the fair was disputed between the Crown and the citizens of Exeter. From 1411, the profits of the fair were held by the city of Exeter. By the mid fifteenth century, the fair had greatly declined in profit. Fair survived into the sixteenth century (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 59, 60–2, 67).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1163, held by William de Helion (PR, 10 Hen II, p. 19). This was the Lammas or Crolditch fair. A fair held by William de Helion, which had eschaeted to the Crown in 1163–4, was recorded in 1196–1203 and 1220–1. There is no record of the feast on which it was held (PR, 10 Hen II, p. 19; PR, 11 Hen II, p. 79; PR, 14 Hen II, p. 125; PR, 15 Hen II, p. 48; PR, 16 Hen II, p. 97; PR, 17 Hen II, p. 25; PR, 18 Hen II p. 98; PR, 19 Hen II, p. 143; PR, 20 Hen II, p. 89; PR, 21 Hen II, p. 59; Chancellor’s Roll, 8 Ric I, p. 143; PR, 9 Ric I, p. 4; PR, 10 Ric I, p. 177; PR, 1 John, p. 188; PR, 2 John, p. 225; PR, 3 John, p. 216; PR, 4 John, p. 245; PR, 5 John, p. 72; PR, 4 Hen III, p. 82; PR, 5 Hen III, p. 66). This pattern of royal income, with a break between 1203 and 1219, indicates that the fair was the one mentioned on 5 May 1204, when K John granted the city of Exeter and its fair to Qu Isabel (RCh, p. 128). The city of Exeter and its fair were on 1 Nov 1216 (immediately after the death of K John) to be given to Qu Isabel as part of her dower (RLC, i, p. 293). However, from 1220, when Qu Isabel married Hugh de Lusignan, the English government withheld her dower, although in 1224 it compensated her for the income she had not received (D.A. Carpenter, The Minority of Henry III (Berkeley, 1990), pp. 193, 221, 267, 345). On 19 Jul 1225, K Hen III granted the P and M of St Nicholas of Exeter the fair which Qu Isabel, the king’s mother, had given them (RLC, ii, p. 51). On 20 Jul 1227 (shortly after he declared his majority), K Hen III granted a fair at Exeter to the P and M of St Nicholas, Exeter, as they were accustomed to have it by the grant of Qu I[sabel], the king’s mother (RLC, ii, p. 193). None of these sources specify the feast of the fair, but since the Lammas fair was the only one that St Nicholas’s priory ever claimed, there can be little doubt that these grants concerned the Lammas fair. In 1274–5, the citizens of Exeter claimed that they had once held the fair. They continued unsuccessfully to assert their claim in the fourteenth century. Fair survived into the sixteenth century (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 60, 62–5).
F (Prescriptive) Whitsun (Easter dep); recorded ante 1240. By 1291, the fair was in decline; it was promoted as being held for the next seven years on v Pentecost to v Trinity (Easter dep). The fair was not recorded in the fourteenth century. However, in 1404, a fair on Whit Mon was restablished. By the late fifteenth century, the fair was relatively successful. It continued into the seventeenth century (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 65–6).
F (Prescriptive) Ash Wed (Easter dep); recorded 1374, held by the burgesses of Exeter, who appear to have established the fair without a charter. The fair was called the Carniprivium. Although described as a new fair, it may have been developed out of the fish markets which were held during Lent. Fair survived into the sixteenth century (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 65–6).
F (Prescriptive) Thomas the Apostle (21 Dec); recorded 1405, held by the burgesses of Exeter, who appear to have established this fair without a charter. Fair survived into the sixteenth century (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 60, 67).
F (Prescriptive) Good Friday (Easter dep); recorded 1431, held by the burgesses of Exeter, who appear to have established this fair without a charter. In 1500–1, the fair was extended to include Wed and Thurs of Easter week (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 67–8).
F (Charter) v+2 Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 1 Jul 1463 by K Edw IV to the mayor, bailiffs and commonality of Exeter (CPR, 1461–7, p. 275). Fair recorded in 1522 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 68).

EXMOUTH 3000 8084. Also known as Checkstone in the medieval period.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1261. A fish market was recorded here in 1261 and c.1340. A market was recorded in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 353 n.3).

GREAT TORRINGTON 2495 1192. Borough 1238 (BF, p. 91). 1334 Subsidy 78.58. Probably founded between 1135x94 (BF, p. 91). From at least 1284, it was known as Chipping Torrington (J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds., The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1931), i, p. 123). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1371, held by Maud who was the wife of Richard de Merton, when parts of the markets of Chepyngtoriton were assigned in dower to Maud (CCR, 1369–74, pp. 341–2).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 9 Jun 1221, held by William Briwer (CPR, 1216–25, p. 292).
In 1544, a Sat market and a Michaelmas fair were recorded (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 367).

GREENDALE 2979 903. Borough 1270x76 (BF, supplement, p. 62). 1334 Subsidy 7. Also known as Clyst St Mary.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

HALWELL 2777 532. Borough early tenth century (Defence, pp. 204–5). 1334 Subsidy 13.50. The site named in the Burghal Hidage can possibly be identified as Halwell camp. However, there is no archaeological evidence for the use of the site in the tenth century (Defence, p. 205).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

HARTLAND 2260 1244. Borough 1294x99 (BF, p. 91). 1334 Subsidy 48.94. The borough was at Harton (BF, p. 91; J.E B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds., The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1931) i, pp. 71–2). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 3 Jul 1281, by K Edw I to Oliver de Dynam. To be held at the manor of Herctone (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 253). On 9 May 1393, K Ric II confirmed to John Dynham, kinsman and heir of Oliver Dynham, now tenant of the manor, the grant of a market to Oliver Dynham in 1281 (CPR, 1391–6, p. 262).
F (Charter) vf, Nectan (17 Jun); gr 3 Jul 1281, by K Edw I to Oliver de Dynam. To be held at the manor of Herctone (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 253). Hartland was the focus of the cult of Nectan, whose feast has been assumed to be on 17 Jun, the day of his death according to his ‘Life’ written in the twelfth century for Hartland abbey. Other feast days associated with Nectan were 14 Feb, 18 May and 4 Dec (N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000), p. 198; D.H. Farmer, The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (Oxford, 1979), p. 289). On 9 May 1393, K Ric II confirmed to John Dynham, kinsman and heir of Oliver Dynham, now tenant of the manor, the grant of a fair to Oliver Dynham in 1281 (CPR, 1391–6, p. 262).
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew (30 Nov); gr 20 Feb 1286, by K Edw I to Oliver de Dynham. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 329). On 9 May 1393, K Ric II confirmed to John Dynham, kinsman and heir of Oliver Dynham, now tenant of the manor, the grant of a fair to Oliver in 1286 (CPR, 1391–6, p. 262).

HATHERLEIGH 2541 1046. Borough 1394 (BF, p. 92). 1334 Subsidy 47.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Grant: other) Thurs; mercatum, gr 7 Sept 1221, by K Hen III to A of Tavistock (C 60/12 m.2). 1221, Nova Oblata: A of Tavistock owed two palfreys for 10m. for the market and the fair (see below). To be held at the manor (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 72).
F (Grant: other) vf, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria gr 7 Sept 1221, by K Hen III to A of Tavistock (C 60/12 m.2). 1221, Nova Oblata: A of Tavistock owed two palfreys for 10m. for the fair and the market (see above). To be held at the manor (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 72).
F (Charter) vfm, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 1501, by K Hen VII to A and C of Tavistock. To be held at the town. Date of the grant not given (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 274).

HAWKCHURCH 3343 1004. Transferred from Dorset to Devon in 1896 (Guide, i, p. 112).
F (Charter) f, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 28 Apr 1459, by K Hen VI to John Van’, A of Cerne and the C (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 130). To be held at the manor.

HOLCOMBE ROGUS 3056 1190. 1334 Subsidy 67.50.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 26 Jul 1343, by K Edw III to Richard de Chisuldene (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 24). To be held at the manor of Holecombe by Hokkesworth.
F (Charter) vf, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 26 Jul 1343, by K Edw III to Richard de Chisuldene (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 24). To be held at the manor of Holecombe by Hokkesworth.

HOLLACOMBE 2377 1030. 1334 Subsidy 4.25. ‘Holecumb’ is not identified in the index of the Calendar of Charter Rolls. It is identified here as the Hollacombe just east of Holsworthy, Devon, rather than the much smaller settlement, also known as Hollacombe, which is just east of Crediton, Devon.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 18 Feb 1261, by K Hen III to Weremund de Portu Mortuo. To be held at Holecumb (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 35).
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 18 Feb 1261, by K Hen III to Weremund de Portu Mortuo. To be held at Holecumb ( CChR, 1257–1300, p. 35).

HOLSWORTHY 2342 1037. Borough 1309 (BF, p. 92). 1334 Subsidy 32.50. It is possible that the market and fair were established ante 1185 by Fulk Paynel (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A.21,p. 363 n.9). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1281–2, mercatum, held by Geoffrey de Caunvlle. Geoffrey de Caunvlle claimed that the market was part of the liberties of the manor, which Patrick de Cadurcis granted to Henry de Tracy, ancestor of William Martini, whose heir he was (QW, p. 176).
F (Prescriptive) nundinae recorded 1274–5 (RH, i, p. 64). In 1281–2, Geoffrey de Caunvlle claimed that the fair was part of the liberties of the manor, which Patrick de Cadurcis granted to Henry de Tracy, ancestor of William Martini, whose heir he was (QW, p. 176).

HONITON 3163 1007. Borough 1193x1217 when founded by William de Vernon, earl of Devon (BF, p. 92). 1334 Subsidy 28.33. From 1217 to 1224, Falkes de Breaute held Honiton as the guardian of Baldwin de Revers, whilst the latter was a minor (GEC, iv, pp. 316–18). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1220, mercatum, held by Falkes de Breaute [guardian of Baldwin de Revers], who challenged the right of the owner of the market at Sidmouth, Devon (q.v.) to change the day of the market from Sun to Sat without the king’s licence. The case continued the following year (CRR, ix, pp. 305–6; CRR, x, p. 109). In 1220, Falkes challenged the right of Hugh Peverel to hold a market at Sampford Peverel, Devon (q.v.) (CRR, ix, pp. 305, 330; CRR, x, p. 96). Although neither of these cases specifically mentions Honiton, it is probable that it was this market that Falkes was attempting to protect. In 1221, Falkes challenged the right of Reginald de Vautort and Reginald de Willetoft to hold unspecified markets in Devon (CRR, x, pp. 96, 177). Kowaleski notes a tradition of a change of market day at Honiton from Sun to Sat in K John’s reign (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 369, n. 10).
F (Grant: other) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); feria gr 6 Sept 1220, by K Hen III to Falk’ de Breut’ (C 60/12 m.2). 1221, Nova Oblata: Falkes de Breaute owed one palfrey. To be held at the manor (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 72). On 22 Jun 1247, the fair was said to be held by the earl of Devon on the f All Saints (this suggests that the fair granted in 1220 did not lapse as it should have in 1227). K Hen III granted Guy de Rupe Forti a fair on vfm Margaret (20 Jul) in lieu, for as long as he held the manor of Honiton, that is until the majority of the son of B. late earl of Devon (CChR, 1226–57, p. 323).
F (Charter) Mon, Tues, Wed in Whit week (Easter dep); gr 28 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 2). To be held at the manor.

ILFRACOMBE 2513 1473. Borough 1249 (BF, p. 92). 1334 Subsidy 30. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 14 Jul 1233, by K Hen III to Henry de Tracey. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 184). Mandate to the sh of Devon to proclaim the market, 14 Jul 1233 (CR, 1231–4, p. 240).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 15 May 1272, by K Hen III to Henry de Chaumbernun. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 181). On 22 Apr 1279, K Edw I granted the market to Henry de Chaumbernun (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 211).
F (Charter) vfm, Whitsunday (Easter dep); gr 14 Jul 1233, by K Hen III to Henry de Tracy. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 184). Mandate to the sh of Devon to proclaim the market, 14 Jul 1233 (CR, 1231–4, p. 240).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 15 May 1272, by K Hen III to Henry de Chaumbernun. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 181). It is not clear whether this fair replaced that on Whitsunday or was supplementary to it. On 22 Apr 1279, K Edw I granted the fair to Henry de Chaumbernun (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 211).

IPPLEPEN 2834 665. 1334 Subsidy 44.25.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 28 Jul 1317, by K Edw II to John de Sancto Amando (CChR, 1300–26, p. 359). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 28 Jul 1317, by K Edw II to John de Sancto Amando (CChR, 1300–26, p. 359). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew (30 Nov); gr 28 Jul 1317, by K Edw II to John de Sancto Amando (CChR, 1300–26, p. 359). To be held at the manor.

KENNFORD 2916 864. Borough c.1340 (BF, p. 92).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 22 Aug 1300, by K Edw I to Hugh de Curtenay (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 488). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 22 Aug 1300, by K Edw I to Hugh de Curtenay (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 488). To be held at the manor.

KENTON 2958 833. Borough 1313 (BF, p. 93). 1334 Subsidy 91.67.
M (Letter Close) Sat; mercatum, gr 19 Apr 1230, by K Hen III to men of Kenton (CR, 1227–31, p. 333).
F (Letter Close) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); feria gr 19 Apr 1230, by K Hen III to men of Kenton. Mandate to the sh of Devon to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held (CR, 1227–31, p. 333).

KILMINGTON 3273 980. 1334 Subsidy 21.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 28 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 2). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 28 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon (CChR, 1257–1300. p. 2). To be held at the manor.

KINGSBRIDGE 2733 444. Borough 1244 (BF, p. 93). 1334 Subsidy 35. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Grant: other) Fri; mercatum, gr 11 Apr 1220, by K Hen III to A of Bussestr’ [A of Buckfast]. The A gave 5m. for the market, to be held at Chiristouwe [Churchstow] in the place called Kingsbridge (C 60/12 m.5). 1220, Nova Oblata: A of Bussestr’ paid 5m. To be held at the manor of Cheristowe in the place called Kingsbridge (PR, 4 Hen III, p. 85). A Fri was market recorded in 1275–6 (RH, i, p. 79). This suggests that the market granted in 1220 may not have lapsed as it should in 1227.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 16 Sept 1460, by K Hen VI to A and C of the house and ch of St Mary, Buckfast. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 136). On 28 May 1462, K Edw IV granted the market to the A and C of the house and ch of St Mary, Buckfast (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 153).
F (Charter) f+2, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 16 Sept 1460, by K Hen VI to A and C of the house and ch of St Mary, Buckfast. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 136). On 28 May 1462, K Edw IV granted the fair to the A and C of the house and ch of St Mary, Buckfast (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 153).

KINGSKERSWELL 2876 678. 1334 Subsidy 28.50.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 2 Mar 1268, by K Hen III to Roger de Molis (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 89). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 2 Mar 1268, by K Hen III to Roger de Molis (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 89). To be held at the manor.

LANGFORD 3026 1028.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 6 Aug 1333, by K Edw III to John de Langeford. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 302). The market is not recorded in the 1356–7 account roll for the manor (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 52).
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 6 Aug 1333, by K Edw III to John de Langeford. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 302). The fair is not recorded in the 1356–7 account roll for the manor (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 52).

LITTLE TORRINGTON 2491 1169. 1334 Subsidy 16.50.
F (Grant: other) feria gr 1209, by K John to Henry de la Pomeraie. Nova Oblata. To be held at Fordham, to help the hospital of SS Peter and Mary Magdalene. The feast of the fair was not given (PR, 11 John, p. 91). The identification of the location of this fair and of the hospital is problematic. Orme identifies the location as Taddiport, in Little Torrington, where there was a chantry and chapel dedicated to Mary Magdalene from at least 1312 onwards and a leper hospital from 1380 onwards. However, as Orme notes, there are difficulties in identifying this chantry and later hospital with the fair at Fordham granted in 1209 (N. Orme and M. Webster, The English Hospital, 1070–1570 (London, 1995), pp. 257–8). Kowaleski identifies the location as Stoney Ford in Little Torrington and assumes that the fair was on the feast of Mary Magdalene (22 Jul), the patron saint of the hospital there (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A.21, p. 367 n.23). In Fordham, Cambridgeshire (q.v.), there was a Gilbertine priory dedicated to SS Peter and Mary Magdalene from before 1227, with a hospital from at least 1279 (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 198). It is possible that the 1209 grant related to the Fordham in Cambridgeshire.

LYDFORD 2509 847. Borough early tenth century (Defence, pp. 208–9). Mint 970s–1066. 1334 Subsidy 11.67. A defended place by c.900 and notably prosperous in the tenth and eleventh centuries on account of its trade in tin. It was a borough in Domesday book and in the twelfth century became the prison and place of justice for the stannaries (Defence, pp. 208–9; A.D. Saunders, ‘Lydford Castle, Devon’, Medieval Archaeology, 24 (1980), pp. 123–86; J.R. Maddicott, ‘Trade, industry and the wealth of King Alfred’, Past and Present, 123 (1989), pp. 3–51, esp. pp. 35–8).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded ante 1195, mercatum, held by K Ric I. In 1195, Geoffrey fitz Peter owed 4 4s. in the vill of Lydford for making there the market of the king, just as it was held formerly. The money had not been paid in 1203 (PR, 7 Ric I, p. 125; Chancellor’s Roll, 8 Ric I, p. 143; PR, 1 John, p. 187; PR, 2 John, p. 224; PR, 3 John, p. 215; PR, 5 John, p. 71) Market mentioned in 1207–10, 1215, 1218 and 1221 (PR, 9 John, p. 179; PR, 10 John, p. 63; PR, 11 John, p. 88; PR, 12 John, p. 163; PR, 17 John, p. 62; PR, 2 Hen III, p. 86; PR, 5 Hen III, p. 66). On 1 May 1227, the sh of Devon was ordered to proclaim that the market which was accustomed to be held at the royal manor would henceforth be held as it was in the time of K John, before the war with his barons (i.e. before May–Jun 1215) (RLC, ii, p. 184b). This may be the same market as that granted in 1267 (see below).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 18 Nov 1267, by K Hen III to Richard, king of the Romans, the king’s brother. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 84). On 18 Nov 1269, K Hen III granted Richard, king of the Romans, a weekly market at his borough of Lidford, but did not specify the day on which this was to be held (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 131). This may be the same market as that recorded above.
F (Charter) vfm, Petrock (4 Jun); gr 18 Nov 1267, by K Hen III to Richard, king of the Romans, the king’s brother. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 84). On 18 Nov 1269, K Hen III granted Richard, king of the Romans the fair (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 131).
F (Prescriptive) f, Bartholomew (24 Aug); recorded 22 Nov 1300, held by Edmund, earl of Cornwall, lately deceased (CIPM, iii, no. 604).

LYMPSTONE 2993 842. Borough 1288 (BF, p. 93). 1334 Subsidy 15.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

MARWOOD 2544 1375. 1334 Subsidy 10.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 4 Dec 1293, by K Edw I to William Martin (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 433). To be held at the manor.

MODBURY 2656 516. Borough 1238 (BF, p. 94). 1334 Subsidy 35. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Wed; recorded by 1199, mercatum, held by Aleis de Valle torta. On 25 Aug 1218, Aleis was granted a Thurs market by K Hen III, just as she was accustomed to have a Wed market at the time of K Ric I (RLC, i, p. 369).
F (Prescriptive) George (23 Apr) (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 364).
There may also have been a medieval fair on the feast of James (25 Jul) (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 364).

MORELEIGH 2762 526.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 13 Jan 1316, by K Edw II to Martin de Fisshacre (CChR, 1300–26, p. 306). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); gr 13 Jan 1316, by K Edw II to Martin de Fisshacre (CChR, 1300–26, p. 306). To be held at the manor.

MORETONHAMPSTEAD 2756 861. 1334 Subsidy 28.88. After the death of Geoffrey fitz Peter, the earldom of Essex passed to his sons Geoffrey and William in succession. The manor of Moretonhampstead then appears to have passed to Geoffrey fitz Peter’s son by his second marriage, John fitz Geoffrey, and then to the latter’s son, John fitz John (GEC, v, pp. 125–7, 433–5). There was a family link between the descendants of Geoffrey fitz Peter, via the Bassets, to Hugh de Courtney. This suggests that Hugh acquired a market and fair by inheritance, which was in effect confirmed by the royal grant of 1334. Moretonhampstead was a borough from 1640 (BF, p. 94). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Letter Close) Sat; mercatum, gr 5 May 1207, by K John to Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex. Mandate to the sh of Devon to proclaim the market (RLC, i, p. 82b). In 1220, William de Mandevill [earl of Essex] alleged that his market was being damaged by that at Chagford, Devon (q.v.). It was alleged that the Moretonhampstead market had only been operating for five years. William claimed that a congregatio had initially been held on Sun at Moretonhampstead, before K John had granted a market to his father Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex (CRR, viii, pp. 267–8). On 23 Sept 1334, K Edw III granted a Sat market to Hugh Curtenay the younger (CChR, 1327–41, p. 312).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 15 Nov 1270, by K Hen III to John son of John (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 157). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+3, All Saints (1 Nov); feria gr 16 Jun 1207, by K John to Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex (RCh, pp. 166–7).
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 15 Nov 1270, by K Hen III to John son of John. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 157). On 23 Sept 1334, K Edw III granted Hugh Courtenay the younger a fair on vfm Margaret the virgin, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 312).
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew the Apostle (30 Nov); gr 23 Sept 1334, by K Edw III to Hugh Courtenay the younger (CChR, 1327–41, p. 312). To be held at the manor.

NEWPORT 2565 1324. Borough 1291 (BF, p. 94). 1334 Subsidy 10. Newport is now a suburb of Barnstaple, Devon (q.v.).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 12 Aug 1295, by K Edw I to Thomas, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 460). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 12 Aug 1295, by K Edw I to Thomas, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 460). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Laurence (10 Aug); gr 24 Apr 1399, by K Ric II to Edmund, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 375). To be held at the manor of Bishop’s Tawton [Tauton].

NEWTON ABBOT 2862 713. Settlement established shortly after the abbey of Torre was granted the manor of Wolborough by William Brewer in 1196. A reference to the ‘new town’ occurs in c.1200. Also known as Shireborn Newton. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Newton Abbot and Wolborough were valued together at 11.25. A certain place in the manor of Wolborough was described as a nova villa in 1274–5. See also the entry for Newton Bushel, Devon (q.v.), from which Newton Abbot was separated by the river Lemon (RH, i, p. 72; Beresford, p. 423; Glasscock, p. 50; J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds, The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1932), ii, pp. 473–4). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 7 Nov 1220, by K Hen III to A of Thore. To be held at the manor of Wulveberg [Wolborough] until the king came of age (C 60/14 m.7 and C/60/15 m.10). 1221, Nova Oblata: A owed one palfrey for the market and the fair (see below) (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 72). On 26 Apr 1221, the day of the A of Thor’s market which the king had ordered to be held on Wed was to be changed to Fri. Held at the manor (RLC, i, p. 454b). On 21 May 1223, the A of Torre was pardoned the 5m. he had paid to have a market until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 547b). On 18 Nov 1269, K Hen III granted a Fri market to the A and C of Torre, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 131).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria gr 7 Nov 1220, by K Hen III to A of Thore. To be held at the manor of Wulveberg [Wolborough] until the king came of age (C 60/14 m.7 and C/60/15 m.10). 1221, Nova Oblata: A owed one palfrey for the fair and the market (see above) (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 72). On 19 Oct 1221, K Hen III granted the A of Thor that the fair which was held on vfm Nativity of Mary was to be changed to vfm Leonard (6 Nov) (RLC, i, p. 472b). On 18 Nov 1269, K Hen III granted a fair on vfm Leonard to the A and C of Torre, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 131).

NEWTON BUSHEL 2855 717. Borough 1246 (BF, p. 95). This planned settlement was separated from the adjacent settlement of Newton Abbot, Devon (q.v.) by the river Lemon. The manor of Bradelegh is erroneously identified as Broadly, in North Huish, in the index to the CChR; it was actually Bradley (Beresford, pp. 423–4; J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds, The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1932), ii, pp. 473–4).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 12 Dec 1246, by K Hen III to Theobald de Englechevill. To be held in the manor of Highweek, which he held on a lease from the king for life (CChR, 1226–57, p. 311). The manor of Highweek was granted to Theobald in hereditary right on 15 and 16 May 1247 (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 321–2).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1281–2, held by Theobald Bussell. Theobald stated that the manor of Teyngewyk with all its liberties was granted to him by Theobald de Englechevill, who had been granted it by K Hen III. He claimed that the fair (the feast of which was not given) was held as it had been held at the time of both grants. The case was adjourned (QW, p. 180).
F (Charter) 2+fm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 10 May 1309, by K Edw II to William Busshel (CChR, 1300–26, p. 127). To be held at the manor of Bradelegh.
F (Charter) 2+fm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 10 May 1309, by K Edw II to William Busshel (CChR, 1300–26, p. 127). To be held at the manor of Bradelegh.

NEWTON FERRERS 2550 482. Borough 1305 (BF, p. 95). 1334 Subsidy 34.25.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

NEWTON POPPLEFORD 3085 897. Borough 1274 (BF, p. 95). Part of the manor of Aylesbeare.
M (Letter Close) Tues; mercatum, gr 3 Aug 1226, by K Hen III to William Briwer. To be held at the manor of Poplesford until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 132).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 26 Sept 1254, by K Hen III to John de Curtenay (CPR, 1247–58, p. 338). In 1281–2, Hugh de Curtenay stated that a market at ‘Nywanton’ had been held by his ancestors as part of the barony of Okehampton, but that neither he nor Oliver de Dynham and Isabella his wife, who were holding ‘Aylebere’ and ‘Nyeweton’ in dower of the inheritance of Hugh de Curtenay, now claimed a market at ‘Nyweton’ (QW, pp. 171, 178).
F (Charter) vf+2, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 26 Sept 1254, by K Hen III to John de Curtenay. To be held at Poplesford in the manor of Aylesbeare (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4148; CPR, 1247–58, p. 338). In 1281–2, Hugh de Curtenay stated that a fair at ‘Nywanton’ had been held by his ancestors as part of the barony of Okehampton, but that neither he nor Oliver de Dynham and Isabella his wife, who were holding ‘Aylebere’ and ‘Nyeweton’ in dower of the inheritance of Hugh de Curtenay, now claimed a fair at ‘Nyweton’ (QW, pp. 171, 178). However, in 1292 Hugh de Curtenay was holding a fair at Aylesbeare, possibly associated with ‘the township of la Nywaton’. Profits of a fair at the manor of Aylesbeare were noted in 1292 (CIPM, iii, nos. 31, 65).

NORTH BRENTOR 2485 8140.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 15 Jun 1232, by K Hen III to John, A of Tavistock (CChR, 1226–57, p. 157). To be held at the ch of Brentor in the manor of Lamerton. Mandate to the sh of Devon to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 16 Jun 1232 (CR, 1231–4, p. 74).

NORTH FORD 2797 627. Borough ante 1326 (BF, p. 95). Borough created in the manor of Dartington. No trace of the borough remains and the grid references refer to Dartington. See also Totnes, Devon (q.v.), to which North Ford was adjacent (Beresford, p. 421).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

NORTH MOLTON 2736 1299. Borough 1249 (BF, p. 95). 1334 Subsidy 67.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sun; recorded 28 Jul 1218, mercatum. Mandate to the sh of Devon that the day of the market was henceforth to be changed from Sun to Thurs, 28 Jul 1218 (RLC, i, p. 366b). It is possible that this change of market day did not lapse as it should have in 1227.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 23 Oct 1270, by K Hen III to Roger la Zuche (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 150). To be held at the manor.
F (Letter Close) vfm, Ascension of the Lord (Easter dep); feria gr 28 Jul 1218, by K Hen III to Roger de la Zuche (RLC, i, pp. 366b, 367).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 23 Oct 1270, by K Hen III to Roger la Zuche (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 150.). To be held at the manor.

NORTH TAWTON 2663 1017. 1334 Subsidy 28.50. Roman fort. Described as Chipping Tawton in 1199 and 1447 (J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds., The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1932) ii, p. 370). This may indicate that there was a market here by the end of the twelfth century. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 18 Aug 1271, by K Hen III to John de Vautort (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 176). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nicholas the Confessor (6 Dec); gr 18 Aug 1271, by K Hen III to John de Vautort (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 176). To be held at the manor.

NORTHAM 2448 1291. 1334 Subsidy 50.04.
F (Charter) vf, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 6 Nov 1252, by K Hen III to P and M of Fronton [Frampton priory]. To be held at Norham, Devon (CChR, 1226–57, p. 408).

NOSS MAYO 2548 476. Borough 1309 (BF, p. 95). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Noss Mayo and Yealmpton were valued together at 78 (Glasscock, p. 51).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Mon, Fri; recorded 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 365).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); recorded 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 365).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Martin (11 Nov); recorded 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 365).

OKEHAMPTON 2587 951. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 96). 1334 Subsidy 16.33. Roman fort. Important residence of the earls of Devon. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum, held by Baldwin the sh. Market rendered 4s. each year (Darby, p. 369; Alecto Historical Editions, The Devonshire Domesday (London, 1991) f105v). A market was being held by Hugh de Curtenay in 1292 (CIPM, iii, no. 31).
F (Grant: other) vf, James (25 Jul); feria gr 6 Sept 1221, by K Hen III to Robert de Curtenay. Robert gave 1m. for the fair (C 60/12 m.2). 1221, Nova Oblata: Robert de Curten’ paid 5m. for a palfrey for the fair. To be held at the manor (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 72). A fair on f James was being held by Hugh de Curtenay in 1292 (CIPM, iii, no. 31). This suggests that the fair granted in 1221 may not have lapsed as it should have in 1227.

OTTERTON 3080 852. 1334 Subsidy 145. It is possible that the markets at Otterton and Sidmouth, Devon (q.v.) were the same, as both were held by the P of Otterton. The market recorded in 1086 may actually have been held in Sidmouth. In 1281, Sidmouth’s market was recorded as if it was in Otterton. The Benedictine priory of Otterton was founded by K Wil I and apparently re–established or enlarged by K John. It was an alien priory, dependent on the abbey of Mont–Saint Michel, Normandy. The priory was suppressed in 1414. The value for the 1334 Lay Subsidy relates to the manor of Otterton (VCH Devon, i, p. 398; Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 369 n. 14, 16; Glasscock, p. 65; Medieval Religious Houses, pp. 90–1).
M (Prescriptive) Sun; recorded 1086, held by A of Mont-Saint Michel [Normandy] with the manor of Otterton. In the time of K Edw the Confessor, the Countess Gytha [mother of K Harold] had held the manor. There were thirty-three saltworkers at Otterton, which may have been important to the market (VCH Devon, i, p. 435).

OTTERY ST MARY 3098 956. 1334 Subsidy 200. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 6 Jul 1227, by K Hen III to ch of St Mary, Rouen and the Dean and Chapter thereof (CChR, 1226–57, p. 46). Order to the sh of Devon regarding the market, 6 Jul 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 191). On 23 Mar 1378, K Ric II granted the market to the warden and Ca of the college of the ch of St Mary, Ottery (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 243).
F (Charter) vf, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 6 Jul 1227, by K Hen III to ch of St Mary, Rouen and the Dean and Chapter thereof (CChR, 1226–57, p. 46). On 6 Jul 1227, an order was sent to the sh of Devon regarding the fair, the feast of which was given as the Assumption of Mary (RLC, ii, p. 191). On 23 Mar 1378, K Ric II granted the warden and Ca of the college of the ch of St Mary, Ottery a fair on vfm Assumption (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 243).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 23 Mar 1378, by K Ric II to warden and Ca of the college of the ch of St Mary, Ottery (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 243).

PAIGNTON 2887 606. 1334 Subsidy 90. A borough from 1567 (BF, p. 96).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 12 Aug 1295, by K Edw I to Thomas, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 460). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 12 Aug 1295, by K Edw I to Thomas, bp of Exeter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 460). To be held at the manor.

PILTON 2556 1341. Borough early tenth century (Defence, pp. 213–14). 1334 Subsidy 10. Burh in the Burghal Hidage. The site of the fortification is unclear and no urban features are noted. Pilton was superseded by Barnstaple, Devon (q.v.) before 1018 (Defence, pp. 213–4; BF, p. 96).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 23 Oct 1344, by K Edw III to P and C of Pilton (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 35).
F (Charter) fm, Matthew the apostle and evangelist (21 Sept); gr 23 Oct 1344, by K Edw III to P and C of Pilton (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 35).

PLYMOUTH 2480 550. Borough 1439 (BF, p. 96). 1334 Subsidy 240. Plymouth may not have developed as a commercial centre until the thirteenth century, for which see the entry for Sutton Prior, Devon (q.v.) (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 70). In 1439, lands in Sutton Prior, Sutton Vautort and Cumpton were incorporated into Plymouth on account of ‘their proximity to the sea’ (CPR, 1461–7, p. 309). Plymouth was situated on the west bank of the river Plym, opposite Plympton, Devon (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 25 Jul 1439, by K Hen VI to mayor and commonality of Plymouth. On 15 Mar 1463, K Edw IV confirmed the charter to the mayor and commonality of Plymouth (CPR, 1461–7, p. 309).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 25 Jul 1439, by K Hen VI to mayor and commonality of Plymouth. On 15 Mar 1463, K Edw IV confirmed the charter to the mayor and commonality of Plymouth (CPR, 1461–7, p. 309).
F (Charter) f, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 25 Jul 1439, by K Hen VI to mayor and commonality of Plymouth. On 15 Mar 1463, K Edw IV confirmed the charter to the mayor and commonality of Plymouth (CPR, 1461–7, p. 309).
F (Charter) f, Conversion of Paul (25 Jan); gr 25 Jul 1439, by K Hen VI to mayor and commonality of Plymouth. On 15 Mar 1463, K Edw IV confirmed the charter to the mayor and commonality of Plymouth (CPR, 1461–7, p. 309).

PLYMPTON 2544 558. Borough founded in c.1194 by William de Vernon, earl of Devon (BF, p. 97). 1334 Subsidy 43.33. Situated on the east bank of the river Plym, opposite Plymouth, Devon (q.v.). Stannary town. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 25 Mar 1242, forum, held by burgesses of Plympton. On 25 Mar 1242, Baldwin de Revers, earl of Devon and lord of the Isle, granted the burgesses of Plympton the market here. On 12 Jun 1285, K Edw I inspected and confirmed this charter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 303). On 6 Feb 1386, the charter was inspected by K Ric II (CPR, 1385–89, p. 104).
F (Prescriptive) f, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); feria recorded 8 Mar 1221, held by Falk de Breaute (RLC, i, p. 451). The feast of the fair was to be changed to f Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct).
F (Prescriptive) nundinae recorded 25 Mar 1242, held by burgesses of Plympton. On 25 Mar 1242, Baldwin de Revers, earl of Devon and lord of the Isle, granted the burgesses of Plympton the fair here. The feast of the fair was not given. On 12 Jun 1285, K Edw I inspected and confirmed this charter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 303). On 6 Feb 1386, K Ric II inspected the charter (CPR, 1385–89, p. 104).
F (Charter) 1+f+6, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 26 Jan 1483, by K Edw IV to burgesses of Plympton (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 257).

RACKENFORD 2851 1182. 1334 Subsidy 16.50.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 3 Nov 1234, by K Hen III to Robert de Sydeham (CChR, 1226–57, p. 193).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 3 Nov 1234, by K Hen III to Robert de Sydenham (CChR, 1226–57, p. 193).
On 2–3 Jul 1234, Robert had offered the king 5m. for the Thurs market and the fair on vfm All Saints (CRR, xv, no. 1034).

SAMPFORD PEVEREL 3030 1142. 1334 Subsidy 19.38.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1220, mercatum, held by Hugh Peverel de Saunford. In 1220, Faulkes de Breaut’ brought a plea of market against Hugh Peverel of Saunford. No details of Hugh’s market are given and it has been assumed that the action concerned the market here (CRR, ix, p. 305). In 1221, Falk de Breaute repeated his claim (CRR, x, p. 96). In 1230, Henry de Trublevill brought a suit against William Peverel de Saunford, alleging that the latter’s Sat market was detrimental to his own at Bradninch, Devon (q.v.) (CRR, xiii, no. 2496; CRR, xiiii, no. 2; CR, 1227–31, p. 345).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 24 Sept 1335, by K Edw III to Elias de Cotelye (CChR, 1327–41, p. 344). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Annunciation (25 Mar); gr 24 Sept 1335, by K Edw III to Elias de Coteleye (CChR, 1327–41, p. 344). To be held at the manor.
F (Letter Patent) 2+f+2, Alphege the bp in Apr (19 Apr); gr 10 Apr 1487, by K Hen VII to the king’s mother, Margaret countess of Richmond and her heirs (CPR, 1485–94, pp. 171–2).
F (Letter Patent) 2+f+2, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 10 Apr 1487, by K Hen VII to the king’s mother, Margaret countess of Richmond and her heirs (CPR, 1485–94, pp. 171–2).

SEATON 3247 905. 1334 Subsidy 32.50.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 21 Sept 1276, by K Edw I to A and C of Shireburn [Sherborne abbey] (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 200). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Gregory the Martyr [sic George?] (23 Apr); gr 21 Sept 1276, by K Edw I to A and C of Shireburn [Sherborne abbey]. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 200). Kowaleski suggests that the feast is an error for George the martyr, the patron saint of the parish ch (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 369, n. 15).

SHEEPWASH 2487 1063. 1334 Subsidy 6.75.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 21 Oct 1230, by K Hen III to Nicholas Avenel (CChR, 1226–57, p. 125). Mandate to sh of Devon to proclaim the market and cause it to be held, 26 Oct 1230 (CR, 1227–31, p. 444).
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 21 Oct 1230, by K Hen III to Nicholas Avenel (CChR, 1226–57, p. 125). Mandate to sh of Devon to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 26 Oct 1230 (CR, 1227–31, p. 444).

SIDBURY 3140 917. 1334 Subsidy 77.50.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 28 Jun 1291, by K Edw I to Dean and chapter of St Paul’s, Exeter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 403). To be held at the manor.
F (Letter Close) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); feria gr 10 Sept 1234, by K Hen III to Dean and chapter of Exeter. Mandate to the sh of Devon to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held (CR, 1231–4, p. 515). It is possible that the fair was superseded by that granted in 1291.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 28 Jun 1291, by K Edw I to Dean and chapter of St Paul’s, Exeter. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 403). It is not clear whether this fair replaced that on Michaelmas or was supplementary to it.

SIDMOUTH 3124 876. Borough thirteenth century (BF, p. 97). The markets at Sidmouth and Otterton, Devon (q.v.) may have been the same, as both were held by the P of Otterton. The market recorded at Otterton in 1086 may actually have been held at Sidmouth. In 1281, Sidmouth’s market was recorded as if it was in Otterton. A monastic grange may have been established at Sidmouth, dependent on the Benedictine priory of Otterton, Devon (q.v.) and ultimately on the abbey of Mont–Saint Michel, Normandy. The grange may have been founded by K Wil I; it was suppressed, with Sidmouth, in 1414 (VCH Devon, i, pp. 398, 435; Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 355, 366 n. 14; Medieval Religious Houses, pp. 90–2). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1220, mercatum, held by P of Oterington’ [Otterton]. It was alleged that the market had been raised at Sidmouth and was damaging that at Axminster, Devon (q.v.) (CRR, ix, p. 212). In 1220, Faulkes de Breaute alleged that the P of Sidmouth [i.e. Otterton] had changed the day of his market at Sidmouth from Sun to Sat, without the king’s licence, to the detriment of neighbouring markets. It is possible that Falkes was attempting to protect his market at Honiton, Devon (q.v.) (CCR, ix, pp. 305–6).
F (Prescriptive) f, Giles (1 Sept); recorded 1281. The fair produced 6d. in 1374–5 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 59, 366).

SILVERTON 2957 1028. 1334 Subsidy 17.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Barnabas the apostle (24 Aug); recorded 1272 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 366).
F (Prescriptive) fm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); recorded 1272 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 366).

SOUTH BRENT 2696 602. 1334 Subsidy 31.75. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
F (Charter) 2+f, Michael in Sept (29 Sept); gr 24 Apr 1353, by K Edw III to A and C of Buckfast (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 130).

SOUTH MOLTON 2713 1260. 1334 Subsidy 62.71. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 2 Nov 1246, by K Hen III to Nicholas son of Martin. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 307). Market was held by Nicholas son of Martin in 1275 and 1276 (RH, i, pp. 80, 93).
F (Charter) vf+2, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 2 Nov 1246, by K Hen III to Nicholas son of Martin. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 307). Fair on f Assumption held by Nicholas son of Martin in 1275. A fair, the feast of which was not given, held by Nicholas son of Martin in 1276 (RH, i, pp. 80, 93).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 7 Apr 1490, by K Hen VII to Margaret, countess of Richmond, the king’s mother (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 269). To be held at the town.

SOUTH TAWTON 2653 945. 1334 Subsidy 89; South Tawton was taxed at a tenth, as ancient demesne (Glasscock, p. 66). Market town c.1600. Everitt included South Tawton in his list of market towns operating c.1500 to 1640. However, Kowaleski suggests that Everitt confused this market with the adjacent market at South Zeal, Devon (q.v.) (A. Everitt, ‘The marketing of agricultural produce’ in J. Thirsk ed., Agrarian History of England and Wales 1500–1640 (Cambridge, 1967), p. 471; Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1 p. 366 n.17).
M (Grant: other) Wed; mercatum, probably gr between 25 and 28 Mar 1204, by K John to Roger de Thoney (T.D. Hardy ed., Rotuli de Liberate ac de Misis et Praestitis, Regnante Johanne, p. 85). To be held at Suthanton, which can be identifed as South Tawton (RLC, i, pp. 277, 590; J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton, The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1931) p. 448).

SOUTH ZEAL 2653 935. Everitt included South Tawton, Devon (q.v.), in his list of market towns operating c.1500 to 1640. However, Kowaleski suggests that Everitt confused it with the adjacent market at South Zeal (A. Everitt, ‘The marketing of agricultural produce’ in J. Thirsk ed., Agrarian History of England and Wales 1500–1640 (Cambridge, 1967), p. 471; Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 366 n.17).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 30 Jul 1299, by K Edw I to Robert de Tony (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 479). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm+5, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 30 Jul 1299, by K Edw I to Robert de Tony (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 479). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+6, Kalixtus the Pope (14 Oct); gr 30 Jul 1299, by K Edw I to Robert de Tony (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 479). To be held at the manor.

SOUTHBROOK 3024 963. Identified as Southbrook in Broad Clyst parish by Kowaleski (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 369 n. 18). Grid references are given to Southbrook, near Whimple, which was held by Warin de Morceles in 1284–6 (FA, i, p. 332).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 16 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to Herbert de Morceles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 76). To be held at the manor of Alebrook.
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 16 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to Herbert de Morceles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 76). To be held at the manor of Alebrook.
F (Charter) vfm, Martin (11 Nov); gr 16 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to Herbert de Morceles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 76). To be held at the manor of Alebrook.

STOCKLAND 3245 1045. 1334 Subsidy 105. Transferred from Dorset to Devon in 1844 (Guide, i, p. 119).
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); gr 27 Dec 1252, by K Hen III to A and C of Middleton [Milton Abbas, Dorset]. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 414). Fair held by the A of Middleton recorded in 1278 (QW, p. 182). Fair granted by K Edw I to the A and C of Middleton on 29 May 1280 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 223).

STOKEINTEIGNHEAD 2916 704. 1334 Subsidy 20.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 1272x1307, by K Edw I to Robert son of Payn. On 24 May 1310, it was stated that K Edw I had granted Robert son of Payn a market on Wed at his manor, as appeared by a letter of the said king sealed with his privy seal and still in the Chancery. Robert asserted that he did not then sue out (assecutus) a charter of the said grant and therefore K Edw II now granted him the market (CChR, 1300–26, p. 137).
F (Charter) vfm, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 1272x1307, by K Edw II to Robert son of Payn. On 24 May 1310, it was stated that K Edw I had granted Robert son of Payn a fair at his manor, as appeared by a letter of the said king sealed with his privy seal and still in the Chancery. Robert asserted that he did not then sue out (assecutus) a charter of the said grant and therefore K Edw II now granted him the fair (CChR, 1300–26, p. 137).

STRETE RALEIGH 3053 954. 1334 Subsidy 4.75.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 4 Jul 1292, by K Edw I to Henry de Ralegh (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 423). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 4 Jul 1292, by K Edw I to Henry de Ralegh (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 423). To be held at the manor.

SUTTON 2480 550. 1334 Subsidy 159.50.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 28 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula sometime earl of Devon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 2).
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 28 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 2). To be held at the manor.

SUTTON PRIOR 2480 550. Borough 1276 (BF, p. 98). The grid references refer to Plymouth. In 1439, lands in Sutton Prior, Sutton Vautort and Cumpton were incorporated into Plymouth, Devon (q.v.) on account ‘of their proximity to the sea’ (CPR, 1461–7, p. 309).
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum, gr 27 Jan 1254, by K Hen III to P and C of Plympton (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2302; CPR, 1247–58, p. 263).
F (Charter) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria gr 27 Jan 1254, by K Hen III to P and C of Plympton (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2302; CPR, 1247–58, p. 263).

TAMERTON FOLIOT 2472 608. Borough 1298 (BF, p. 98). 1334 Subsidy 20.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 14 Jul 1270, by K Hen III to Ralph de Gorges, the elder, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 148). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 10 Jun 1292, by K Edw I to William de Gorges (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 428). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Denis (9 Oct); gr 14 Jul 1270, by K Hen III to Ralph de Gorges, the elder, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 148). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 10 Jun 1292, by K Edw I to William de Gorges (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 428). To be held at the manor.

TAVISTOCK 2481 744. Borough c.1185 (BF, p. 98). 1334 Subsidy 90. Borough created by the A of Tavistock at an existing settlement. Stannary town (Beresford, pp. 418–19). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Grant: other) Fri; gr 1100x06, possibly in 1105, by K Hen I to St Mary of Tavistock (Regesta, ii, no. 773). In 1116, K Hen I granted that the monastery was to have a weekly market (Regesta, ii, no. 1131). In 1121, K Hen I ordered that the A of Tavistock was to have his market as previously ordered (Regesta, ii, no. 1274). In 1281–2, the A of Tavistock successfully claimed from time out of mind (QW, pp. 170–1).
F (Grant: other) Rumon (1 Jun); gr 1116, by K Hen I to monastery [of Tavistock] (Regesta, ii, no. 1131). In 1281–2, the A of Tavistock successfully claimed from time out of mind (QW, pp. 170–1).
F (Charter) 4 Jan+3, gr 1501, by K Hen VII to A and C of Tavistock. To be held at the town. Date of grant not given (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 274).

TEIGNMOUTH (EAST) 2943 740. Borough 1275–6 or 1311 (BF, p. 91; see below). The early history of Teignmouth is complex. The settlement contained two parts: a narrow coastal strip (originally part of Dawlish) which contained the church of St Michael and the saltpans mentioned in a charter of 1044, which became East Teignmouth; immediately adjoining to the west across the narrow river Tame was the part of the settlement which came to be known as West Teignmouth, Devon (q.v.) (W.C. Lake, ‘Ancient Teignmouth’, Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 36 (1904), pp. 101–12 and Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 13 (1881), pp. 108–17; P.H. Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon Charters: an annotated list and bibliography, Royal Historical Society (London, 1968), no. 1003). The two parts of the settlement seem not to have been distinguished by name until the 1280s (J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton eds., The Place-Names of Devon (Cambridge, 1932), ii, p. 503). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, East Teignmouth was assessed with Dawlish at 43.50 (Glasscock, p. 59). In the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, Teignmouth was a small but important port. It was damaged in 1340 and never recovered its former position (Kowaleski, Local Markets, pp. 32, 241). The two parts of Teignmouth probably functioned as a single urban settlement. East Teignmouth is first unambiguously recorded as a borough in 1311, but in a record of 1275–6 seems to be regarded as part of the borough ‘on St Michael’s side’ which belonged to the dean and chapter of Exeter, whilst the west part of the borough belonged to the bp of Exeter (BF, p. 91; RH, p. 89; see below).
M (Grant: other) Sat; mercatum, gr 20 May 1220, by K Hen III to Ca of Exeter, who gave one palfrey. To be held at Tegnnemue (C 60/12 m.5). 1220, Nova Oblata: the chapter of Exeter owed one palfrey for the market, which was to be held at its manor of Teignmouth (‘Teinemue’) (PR, 4 Hen III, p. 85). In 1223, William de Breus’ brought a suit against the Ca of Exeter for raising this market (CRR, xi, no. 641). This probably concerned damage to William’s market at Axminster Devon (q.v.).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 8 Apr 1253, by K Hen III to Dean and chapter of St Peter’s, Exeter. To be held at Teignmouth (CChR, 1226–57, p. 428). It is possible that the market granted in 1220 did not lapse as it should have done in 1227. The 1253 grant may in practice have been a confirmation of the market, on the occasion of the granting of the fair. In 1275–6, it was stated in a record whose meaning is not entirely clear that the bp of Exeter (presumably acting as lord of West Teignmouth and/or Bishopsteigton, Devon (q.v.)) had held a market on Sat through the year up to the last feast of St Michael for seven years without warrant and that the market ought to have been in burgo de Tengemue ex parte Beati Michaelis (i.e. on St Michael’s side of the borough) belonging to the dean and chapter of Exeter (RH, i, p. 89). This probably means that the bp had shifted the market into West Teignmouth, which was under his control, or held a rival Sat market there. The problem appears to have continued for in Michaelmas 1282 a sh of an unamed county was ordered to prevent the men of ‘Westtengemuth’ from any longer holding a market at ‘Tenthemuth’ on Sat (Abb. Plac., p. 204).
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 8 Apr 1253, by K Hen III to Dean and Chapter of St Peter’s, Exeter (CChR, 1226–57, p. 428).

TEIGNMOUTH (WEST) 2940 730. Borough 1275–6 or 1292 (BF, p. 100; see below). 1334 Subsidy 82.50. For the situation and early development of the settlement, see East Teignmouth, Devon (q.v.). In 1275–6, West Teignmouth seems to have been that part of the borough of ‘Tengemue’ which was distinguished from ‘St Michael’s side’ (East Teignmouth). The bp of Exeter and the men of West Teignmouth illicitly held a Sat market which should have been held in the other part of the borough. The bp’s borough of ‘Teyngemwe’ recorded in 1291 was presumably West Teignmouth and in 1309 the bp mentioned his burgesses and tenants in Teyngemve episcopi (F.C. Hingeston-Randolph ed., The Registers of Walter Bronescombe (A.D. 1257–1280), and Peter Quivil (A.D. 1280–1291), Bishops of Exeter: with some records of the episcopate of Bishop Thomas de Bytton (A.D. 1292–1307); also the taxation of Pope Nicholas IV (London, 1889), p. 473; T. Astle, S. Ayscough and J. Caley eds, Taxatio Ecclesiastica Angliae et Walliae, Auctoritate P. Nicholai IV, circa A.D.1291 (London, 1802), ii, p. 503; F.C. Hingeston-Randolph ed., The Register of Walter de Stapeldon, Bishop of Exeter (London, 1892), p. 386).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sat; recorded 1268–9, held by bp of Exeter. The bp of Exeter was said in 1275–6 for the last seven years (i.e. from 1268–9) to have illicitly held a Sat market which should have been held in East Teignmouth (RH, i, p. 89). In 1282, the men of West Teignmouth were still holding this Sat market and were to be prevented from doing so in the future (Abb. Plac., p. 204).

TIVERTON 2955 1125. Borough 1224 (BF, p. 99). 1334 Subsidy 20. Possibly founded by William de Vernon, earl of Devon, at the same time as Honiton and Plympton, Devon(q.v.). Thereafter, it was an important residence of the earls of Devon (BF, p. 99). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 28 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 2). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 28 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 2). The fair was recorded in 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 367).
F (Prescriptive) Giles (1 Sept); recorded 1281. The fair was recorded in 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 367).
F (Prescriptive) Translation of Thomas (7 Jul); recorded 1281. The fair was recorded in 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 367).
F (Prescriptive) Andrew (30 Nov); recorded 1281, when the fair lasted three days. The fair was recorded in 1286 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 367).
F (Prescriptive) All Souls (2 Nov); recorded 1450 (Kowaleski, Local Markets, table A2.1, p. 367).
On 17 Jan 1284, Amice, late the wife of Baldwin de Insula, deceased, was holding three fairs, the feasts of which were not given (CIPM, ii, no. 539).

TOPSHAM 2965 882. Borough 1452 (BF, p. 99). 1334 Subsidy 20.25. Topsham was the outport of Exeter, Devon (q.v.), four miles up the river Exe (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 325). Baldwin de Insula, earl of Devon died in 1262 and was succeeded by his sister Isabel, who became countess of Aumale and Devon. She died in 1293 and was succeeded by her cousin, Hugh de Courtney (GEC, iv, pp. 319–23).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 22 Aug 1300, by K Edw I to Hugh de Curtenay (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 488). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 28 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 2). On 22 Aug 1300, K Edw I granted Hugh de Curtenay the fair (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 488).

TOTNES 2802 605. Borough c.1018 (BF, p. 99). Mint Edmund/Edgar–1042, 1066–1135. 1334 Subsidy 83.83. A commercial centre from the tenth century. Borough in Domesday Book. A separate borough was recorded at Little Totnes in 1326. By 1189, Totnes was divided into Little Totnes and Great Totnes. Although both areas remained in the borough of Totnes, manorial dues were paid separately. See also the entries for Bridgetown and North Ford, Devon (q.v.) (Darby, p. 364; BF, p. 93; Beresford, p. 421; P. Russell, The Good Town of Totnes, The Devonshire Association for the Advancement of Science, Literature and Art (Exeter, 1964), p. 24). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1233, mercatum, held by Eva de Breus. In 1233, it was alleged that the market of Eva de Breus was being damaged by that at Dartmouth, Devon (q.v.). Eva also complained that ships with merchandise, which should have docked at Totnes, were docking at Dartmouth and taking the customs which belonged to Totnes. In 1234–5, twelve knights came to judge whether the market was being damaged by that at Dartmouth. Judgement went against the market at Dartmouth (CRR, xv, nos. 235, 1285). In 1242, it was judged that the market at Dartmouth was damaging William Cantilupe’s market at Totnes (CRR, xvii, no. 375). The market was held on Sat (Kowaleski, Local Markets, p. 72). The wardens of the market were recorded in 1444, 1450 and 1451 (H.R. Watkin ed., The History of Totnes Priory and Medieval Town, Devonshire: together with the sister priory of Tywardreath, Cornwall (Torquay, 1914), i, pp. 383, 417, 423).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1130. Feast of the fair not given (PR, 31 Hen I, p. 154).

UFFCULME 3068 1127. 1334 Subsidy 91.75.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 8 Sept 1267, by K Hen III to John Cogan (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 80). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 8 Sept 1267, by K Hen III to John Cogan. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 80). On 6 May 1302, John de Cogan was holding a fair on f Peter and Paul (CIPM, iv, no. 89).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 8 Sept 1267, by K Hen III to John Cogan (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 80). To be held at the manor.

WEST ALVINGTON 2723 438. Borough 1304 (BF, p. 99). 1334 Subsidy 34.50.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 25 May 1272, by K Hen III to John de Bezill, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 181). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 25 May 1272, by K Hen III to John de Bezill, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 181). To be held at the manor.

WHITFORD 3260 956. Borough 1238 (BF, p. 100). 1334 Subsidy 35.25.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 6 Apr 1342, by K Edw III to Peter de Brewosa (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 10). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) f+3, Peter’s Chains (1 Aug); gr 6 Apr 1342, by K Edw III to Peter de Brewosa. To be held at the town (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 10). It is possible that this fair was superseded by that granted in 1346.
F (Charter) vf+3, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 6 Jun 1346, by K Edw III to Peter de Brewosa, king’s yeoman. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 51). It is not clear whether this fair replaced that on 1 Aug or was supplementary to it.

WINKLEIGH 2633 1081. Borough 1237x51 (BF, p. 100). 1334 Subsidy 63.69.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

WISCOMBE 3181 933. Borough late thirteenth century (BF, p. 100). The grid references are to Higher Wiscombe Farm.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 16 Jun 1248, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Boleville (CChR, 1226–57, p. 331). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew the apostle (21 Sept); gr 16 Jun 1248, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Boleville (CChR, 1226–57, p. 331). To be held at the manor.

WITHERIDGE 2803 1146. Borough 1499 (BF, p. 101). 1334 Subsidy 42.25.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 4 Nov 1248, by K Hen III to Robert son of Payn (CChR, 1226–57, p. 336). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 4 Nov 1248, by K Hen III to Robert son of Payn (CChR, 1226–57, p. 336). To be held at the manor.

Wolborough, see NEWTON ABBOT

WOODBURY 3009 872. Borough 1288 (BF, p. 101). 1334 Subsidy 37.50.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 1 Jan 1286, by K Edw I to William de Aubemarle (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 328). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Swithin (2 Jul); gr 1 Jan 1286, by K Edw I to William de Aubemarle (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 328). To be held at the manor.

WORLINGTON 2481 1306. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Worlington and Instow were valued together at 15 (Glasscock, p. 53).
M (Grant: other) Sat; mercatum, gr 1221, by K Hen III to A of Tavistock. The A gave 5m. (C 60/14 m.5). 1221, Nova Oblata: the A of Tavistock owed 5m. for having the market. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 72).

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