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Last updated: 16 November, 2006

ASHDON 5581 2415. 1334 Subsidy 63.89.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 283). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Nicholas (9 May); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 283). To be held at the manor.

AVELEY 5568 1802. 1334 Subsidy 93.87. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 20 Jan 1248, by K Hen III to Stephen de Langton (CChR, 1226–57, p. 328). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 15 Apr 1286, by K Edw I to Bartholomew de Brianzoun (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 330). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 15 Apr 1286, by K Edw I to Bartholomew de Brianzoun (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 330). To be held at the manor.

BARKING 5442 1844. 1334 Subsidy 341.30. Although not formally identified as urban, Barking appears to have been a thriving craft and commercial settlement from the eighth century onwards, associated with the abbey founded by Erkenwald (later bishop of London) about 666. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1219, forum, held by As and N of Barking (FF Essex, i, 55). Market recorded in 1255, although its day was not given (CR, 1254–6, p. 175).

BERDEN 5468 2296. Borough 1369 (BF, p. 108). 1334 Subsidy 37.81.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.
F (Letter Close) vf, All Saints (1 Nov); feria gr 7 Nov 1214, by K John to brothers of the hospital of Berden (RLC, i, p. 117b).
F (Letter Close) vf, John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria gr 6 Oct 1222, by K Hen III to P of Berden. To be held at the priory until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 511b).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 12 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to P and C of Berden (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 76). To be held at the manor.

BILLERICAY 5674 1947. The foundation of a market at Great Burghstead marks the origins of Billericay, whose name is on record only from 1291 (R.H. Britnell, ‘Essex markets before 1350’, Essex Archaeology and History, xiii (1981) p. 18). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 14 May 1253, by K Hen III to A and C of Stratford Langthorne (CChR, 1226–57, p. 433); conf 12 Jun 1285 by K Edw I to A and C of Stratford Langthorne (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 315). To be held at the manor of Great Burghsted.
M (Letter Patent) Wed; gr 10 Dec 1476, by K Edw IV to A and C of Stratford Langthorn (CPR, 1476–85, p. 17). To be held at their town of Bellerica.
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 14 May 1253, by K Hen III to A and C of Stratford Langthorne (CChR, 1226–57, p. 433); conf 12 Jun 1285 by K Edw I to A and C of Stratford Langthorne (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 315). To be held at the manor of Great Burghsted (CChR, 1226–57, p. 433). On 10 Dec 1476, Edw IV granted to the A and C of Stratford Langthorn a fair on 1+f+1 Mary Magdalen at their town of Bellerica (CPR, 1476–85, p. 17).
F (Letter Patent) 1+f+1, Decollation of John (29 Aug); gr 10 Dec 1476, by K Edw IV to A and C of Stratford Langthorn (CPR, 1476–85, p. 17). To be held at their town of Bellerica.

BIRDBROOK 5707 2412. 1334 Subsidy 70.44. Place-Names of Essex identifies this as Harksted alias Hastings Hall Green, which was formerly a hamlet of Birdbrook. In 1885, it was transferred to Steeple Bumpstead (P.H. Reaney, The Place-Names of Essex (Cambridge, 1935), p. 419).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 18 Mar 1253, by K Hen III to Drew de Barentino (CChR, 1226–57, p. 422). To be held at his manor of ‘Hernestede’.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 18 Mar 1253, by K Hen III to Drew de Barentino (CChR, 1226–57, p. 422). To be held at his manor of ‘Hernestede’.

BLACKMORE 5607 2020. Fair 1587, 10 Aug (Harrison, p. 395).
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 23 Sept 1232, by K Hen III to P and Ca of Blackmore. Fair to be held at their house (CChR, 1226–57, p. 168). Mandate to the sh of Essex to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 23 Sept 1232 (CR, 1231–4, p. 108). A dispute concerning the ownership and location of the fair arose in 1233–4 (FF Essex, i, p. 95). Charter was confirmed on 19 Nov 1399 (CPR, 1399–1401, p. 86).

BOREHAM 5756 2096. 1334 Subsidy 64.06.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 19 Feb 1281, by K Edw I to Robert, bp of Bath and Wells (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 249). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 4 Sept 1289, by K Edw I to Robert Burnel, bp of Bath and Wells (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 340). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Andrew the Apostle (30 Nov); gr 19 Feb 1281, by K Edw I to Robert, bp of Bath and Wells (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 249). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 4 Sept 1289, by K Edw I to Robert Burnel, bp of Bath and Wells (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 340). To be held at the manor.

BOWERS GIFFORD 5756 1873. 1334 Subsidy 31.23.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 27 Dec 1292, by K Edw I to Robert Giffard (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 427). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 27 Dec 1292, by K Edw I to Robert Giffard (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 427). To be held at the manor.

BRADFIELD 6143 2308. 1334 Subsidy 33.23.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 20 Feb 1320, by K Edw II to John de Brokesburn (CChR, 1300–26, p. 417). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 20 Feb 1320, by K Edw II to John de Brokesburn (CChR, 1300–26, p. 417). To be held at the manor.

BRADWELL 5804 2230. 1334 Subsidy 34.16.
M (Charter) Fri; mercatum, gr 1 May 1254, by K Hen III to Osbert de Daggewurthe (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2559; CPR, 1247–58, p. 289). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); feria gr 10 Mar 1254, by K Hen III to Osbert de Daggeworthe (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2457; CPR, 1247–58, p. 278). To be held at the manor. ‘Vacated, because otherwise below’. Fair on vfm Holy Trinity granted by K Hen III to Osbert de Daggewurthe on 1 May 1254 (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2559; CPR, 1247–58, p. 289).
The Daggworth family was holding the manor of Bradwell by Braintree in 1308 (FF Essex, ii, pp. 122, 231).

BRADWELL ON SEA 6004 2069. 1334 Subsidy 61.11.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 2 May 1283, by K Edw I to John de la Mare. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 265). Granted again to John de la Mare on 14 Jun 1283 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 266). Late in Michaelmas term 1285, Richard, bp of London unsuccessfully claimed that his Thurs market at Southminster, Essex (q.v.) was being damaged by John de la Mare’s Mon market at Bradwell on Sea (FF Essex, ii, p. 53).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 2 May 1283, by K Edw I to John de la Mare (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 265). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+3, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 14 Jun 1283, by K Edw I to John de la Mare. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 266). It is possible that this fair was intended to supersede the fair above.

BRAINTREE 5756 2232. 1334 Subsidy 92.31. The bp of London granted a charter on 25 Apr 1200 to those who accepted his offer of houses or places to build on in Braintree that they would have them freely, in peace and with all customs (RCh, p. 51). This does not specifically mention a market. However, it is likely that the market was functioning by at least the mid thirteenth century. According to Morant, K John granted to William de St Maria, bp of London a Wed market and a fair on f Matthew (21 Sept), on 16 June 1199 (P. Morant, The History and Antiquities of the County of Essex (London, 1768), ii, p. 399). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 21 Sept (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Prescriptive) Wed; recorded 1340, forum (PRO, E101/556/23, ex info R. Britnell). Market recorded in 1344–5, in 1347 and 1351 (when it was held on several days), in 1353, in 1354 (when it was held on several days) and in c.1357 (PRO, E101/556/27, E101/556/34, E101/556/46, E101/556/49, E101/556/50, E101/557/6, ex info R. Britnell).
F (Letter Close) vf, Matthew the Apostle (21 Sept); feria gr 13 Dec 1225, by K Hen III to E. bp of London (RLC, ii, p. 89). To be held at the manor until the king came of age.

BRENTWOOD 5597 1937. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Brentwood and Southweald were valued together at 117.22. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Grant: other) Wed; mercatum, gr 20 Nov 1221, by K Hen III to A of St Osyth. To be held at the new place of the A of St Osyth (C 60/14 m. 5). On 1 Jun 1227, K Hen III granted the A and Ca of St Osyth a market to be held in their town. The day of the market was not specified in the charter, but was stated to be Wed in the letter close to sh of Essex regarding the market (CChR, 1226–57, p. 43; RLC, ii, p. 188). Market held by the A of St Osyth mentioned in 1241 (CRR, xvi, no. 1547). On 1 May 1252, the day of the market was changed from Wed to Thurs (CChR, 1226–57, p. 389).
F (Charter) vf, Trans of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); gr 1 Jun 1227, by K Hen III to A and C of St Osyth (CChR, 1226–57, p. 43). To be held at their town. Order to sh of Essex regarding the fair, 1 Jun 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 188).

BURNHAM ON CROUCH 5949 1970. 1334 Subsidy 48.92. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 22 Oct 1253, by K Hen III to Walter fitz Robert (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2130; CPR, 1247–58, p. 246). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); feria gr 22 Oct 1253, by K Hen III to Walter fitz Robert (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2130; CPR, 1247–58, p. 246). To be held at the manor.

CASTLE HEDINGHAM 5785 2355. 1334 Subsidy 66.12. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 23 Apr, 3 May, 6 Dec (Harrison, pp. 393, 397).
M (Prescriptive) recorded Nov 1254, held by Hugh de Ver, earl of Oxford (FF Essex, i, p. 205). The market was allegedly being damaged by that at Halstead, Essex (q.v.).

CHELMSFORD 5708 2069. Borough 1200 (BF, p. 108). 1334 Subsidy 69.09. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 1 May (Harrison, p, 393). See also H. Grieve, The Sleepers and the Shadows: Chelmsford, i (Chelmsford, 1988).
M (Charter) Fri; mercatum, gr 7 Sept 1199, by K John to ch of St Paul, London and W. bp of London. To be held in the part of the vill which pertained to his manor (RCh, p. 17b) Market held by William, bp of London, noted in 1205 (Ninth Report of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, part i (London, 1883), Kraus reprint (1979), p. 42).
F (Charter) 1 May+3, Philip and James the Apostles; feria gr 21 Mar 1201, by K John to W. bp of London. To be held in the town (RCh, p. 91). 1201, Nova Oblata: W. bp of London owed two palfreys for having a fair lasting four days at Chelmsford (PR, 3 John, p. 263).

CHIPPING HILL 5814 2152. Borough 912 (BF, p. 111). Borough built by K Edw the Elder. See also W. Rodwell, The Origins and Early Development of Witham, Essex (Oxbow Monograph 26, 1993); R.H. Britnell, ‘The Making of Witham’, History Studies, i (1968), pp. 13–21.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1147x54, mercatum, held by master and kn of the Temple. It was said that the market had been held in the time of K Hen I (Regesta, iii, no. 848). In 1153–4, K Steph instructed the sh of Essex that the master and brothers of the Temple were to hold the market as it had been temp. K Hen I. Market recorded in 1185 and confirmed to the Templars in 1189, as it had been held there under K Hen I and K Hen II (Lees, Records of the Templars, pp. 5, 141, 152). On 16 Jul 1199, K John confirmed to the kn of the Temple the market, as they had had it in the time of K Hen I (RCh, pp. 2, 3) Mandate to the sh of Essex to proclaim that the Sun market would henceforth be held on Tues, 23 Jan 1219 (RLC, i, p. 386). On 21 Oct 1379, K Ric II granted Robert Hailes, P of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England a Tues market at Witham, Essex (q.v.) in lieu of the Tues market at Chipping Hill which they had since the suppression of the Templars in England; the Templars had been granted the market by K Hen III (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 258).

CHIPPING ONGAR 5553 2029. 1334 Subsidy 37.67. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Essex, iv, pp. 166–7.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 20 Oct 1287 (CAD, v, A11885). Market recorded on 15 Apr 1294 (CIPM, iii, no. 184). In 1372, the market was an appurtenance of the manor, late of Ralph, earl of Stafford, and was held on Tues (CIPM, xiii, no. 210). Market continued until the nineteenth century (VCH Essex, iv, p. 167).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Trans of Martin (4 Jul); feria gr 15 Mar 1222, by K Hen III to Richard de Ripar’ (RLC, i, p. 490b). To be held at the manor until the king came of age.

CLAVERING 5471 2319. 1334 Subsidy 79.95.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 8 Jun 1378, by K Ric II to John de Neville of Raby (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 243).
F (Charter) vf+2, John ante Portam Latinam (6 May); gr 8 June 1378, by K Ric II to John de Neville of Raby (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 243).

COGGESHALL 5850 2226. 1334 Subsidy 88.05. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 6 Apr 1256, by K Hen III to A and C of Coggeshall; conf 26 Dec 1325 by K Edw II to A and C of Coggeshall (CChR, 1300–26, p. 480). Sat market held by abbey noted in 1318 (P. Morant ed., The History and Antiquities of the Borough of Colchester, part ii (London, 1748), p. 161). Inspeximus of 1256 charter made on 15 Jul 1389 (CPR, 1388–92, p. 78). Revival of decayed market, 1561 (PRO DL 42/97v).
F (Charter) vf+6, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 10 Oct 1250, by K Hen III to A and C of Coggeshall; conf 26 Dec 1325 by K Edw II to A and C of Coggeshall (CChR, 1300–26, p. 480). Inspeximus of 1250 charter made on 15 Jul 1389 (CPR, 1388–92, p. 78).

COLCHESTER 5998 2252. Borough 917 (BF, p. 108.). Mint c.979–1154. 1334 Subsidy 261.38. Roman colonia. Coin finds indicate settlement and trade in the eighth century; defended centre by 917. Borough and civitas in Domesday Book (Darby, p. 365; Hinton, Coins and Commercial Centres, pp. 11–26). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 24 Jun, 22 Jul, 9 Oct (Harrison, pp. 394, 396). See also VCH Essex, ix, pp. 269–74.
M (Grant: other) gr ante 1104, by Eudo Dapifer to M of St John the Baptist, Colchester (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 423–4). In Oct 1198, K Ric I confirmed to St John the Baptist of Colchester and the M the market (forum) which had been granted to them by Eudo Dapifer. This was confirmed by K Hen III on 22 Mar 1253 (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 423–4) This was apparently a market outside the walls in the area controlled by the abbey.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1154x89, forum, held by burgesses of Colchester (CChR, 1226–57, p. 411). An unspecified number of markets confirmed by the justices in eyre in the time of K Hen II were referred to in charter dated 6 Dec 1189 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 411). Market days were Wed and Sat in 1285 (VCH Essex, ix, p. 269). Market allegedly damaged by that at Salcott, Essex (q.v.) in 1318 (W.G. Benham ed., The Red Paper Book of Colchester (Colchester, 1902) p. 45). In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, a market appears to have been held every day of the week. In 1380, there was a complaint about an unlicensed Thurs market. In 1575, Wed and Sat were market days (VCH Essex, ix, p. 269).
F (Charter) vfm+1, John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr ante 1104, by Eudo Dapifer (?) to abbey of John the Baptist, Colchester (S.A. Moore ed., Cartularium Monasterii Sancti Johannis Baptiste Colecestrie, i, 2, 5 (Roxburghe Club, London, 1897), nos. 2, 5); conf 1104 by K Hen I to abbey of John the Baptist, Colchester. Fair was granted to St John’s abbey at its foundation and confirmed by K Hen I in c.1104 (VCH Essex, ix, p. 272). Occurs 1135x54, 1290, 1388 (Regesta, iii, nos. 78–9; W.G. Benham ed., The Red Paper Book of Colchester (Colchester, 1902), p. 40; W.G. Benham ed., The Oath Book or Red Parchment Book of Colchester (Colchester, 1907), p. 212). In 1135x54, K Steph granted his peace to the fair (Regesta, iii, no. 217). In Oct 1198, K Ric I confirmed to St John the Baptist of Colchester and the M the fair of four days at the feast of St John the Baptist, which had been granted to them. This was confirmed by K Hen III on 22 Mar 1253 (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 424–5). It is possible that the fair existed before it was granted to the abbey. It continued until the nineteenth century (VCH Essex, ix, p. 272).
F (Charter) vf, Invention of Holy Cross (3 May); gr 1157, by K Hen I to St John’s abbey, Colchester (VCH Essex, ix, p. 274). To be held on the castle waste, between St Helen’s chapel and High Street. There is no further evidence for this fair.
F (Charter) vf, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 6 Dec 1189, by K Ric I to hospital of St Mary Magdalen, Colchester (Monasticon, vi, part ii, p. 631); conf 22 Jun 1268 by K Hen III to lepers of St Mary Magdalen, Colchester (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 99). There is evidence for the fair in 1318, 1439 and 1498. It continued until 1872 (VCH Essex, iv, p. 273).
F (Letter Patent) Whitsunday and the week following (Easter dep); gr 26 Dec 1258, by K Hen III to Guy de Rupi Forti to whom the king has committed for life the castle and demesnes of Colchester. After Guy’s death, the fair was to revert to the king (CPR, 1247–58, p 534). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Essex, iv, p. 274).
F (Charter) vf+6 Denis (9 Oct); gr 4 Feb 1318, by K Edw II to the burgesses of Colchester (CChR, 1300–26, p. 403). The fair may have been held for at least ten years before this. The fair continued until the twentieth century (VCH Essex, ix, p. 273).
Until 1373, a wool market was held privately in a hall in St Runwald’s parish. William Reyne, a bailiff, then moved the market to a cellar below the moot hall. William Reyne claimed to have re-organised a wool fair held annually on the Nativity of John the Baptist and the feast of Mary Magdalene. However, this was probably an expanded wool market held to coincide with the two existing fairs (VCH Essex, ix, p. 274).

CORRINGHAM 5710 1833. 1334 Subsidy 23.48.
M (Charter) Tues, Fri; gr 20 Jan 1317, by K Edw II to William le Baud (CChR, 1300–26, p. 331). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 20 Jan 1317, by K Edw II to William le Baud (CChR, 1300–26, p. 331). To be held at the manor.

DANBURY 5779 2051. 1334 Subsidy 44.09.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 17 Jul 1280, by K Edw I to William de Sancto Clairo (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 230). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+3, John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 17 Jul 1280, by K Edw I to William de Sancto Clairo (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 230). To be held at the manor.

DOVERCOURT 6239 2311. 1334 Subsidy 46.69.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 23 Nov 1222, by K Hen III to earl Hugh le Bigod (RLC, i, p. 523). To be held until the king came of age.

EARLS COLNE 5861 2289. 1334 Subsidy 64.08.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 5 Mar 1250, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 347). In 1254, the market held by Hugh de Ver’ was allegedly being damaged by that at Halstead, Essex (q.v.) (FF Essex, i, p. 205). Mon market held by earl of Oxford recorded 1318 (W.G. Benham ed., The Red Paper Book of Colchester (Colchester, 1902) p. 45). Market recorded in 1264, 1350 and 1378. It was in decline in 1395 and 1430. References to a stall in 1468 and to ‘Market hill’ in 1517 are the latest evidence for the market (VCH Essex, forthcoming).
F (Charter) Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 5 Mar 1250, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 347). Roll is damaged where duration of the fair is given.

ELMSTEAD 6065 2260. 1334 Subsidy 49.55.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 15 Apr 1253, by K Hen III to Richard de Tany. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 429). Free messuages recorded in 1333 (R.H. Britnell, ‘The Proliferation of Markets in England, 1200–1349’, EcHR, xxxiv (1981) p. 216).
F (Charter) vfm, Trinity Sunday (Easter dep); gr 15 Apr 1253, by K Hen III to Richard de Tany (CChR, 1226–57, p. 429). To be held at the manor.

EPPING 5435 2050. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, part of Epping was valued in Waltham hundred, at 65.11, and part in Harlow hundred was valued jointly with North Weald at 48.81. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 2 Nov (Harrison, p. 396). See also VCH Essex, v, pp. 116, 129.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 30 Mar 1253, by K Hen III to ch, A and Ca of Waltham Holy Cross (CChR, 1226–58, p. 427). To be held at Epping heath (CChR, 1226–57, p. 427). A Fri market was granted to the lord of the manor in 1575. This grant superseded that of 1253 and stated that the original market had not been in use for a long time (VCH Essex, v, p. 129).
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 30 Mar 1253, by K Hen III to ch, A and Ca of Waltham Holy Cross. To be held at Epping heath (CChR, 1226–57, p. 427). Fairs on Whit Tues, Wed and Thurs and on vfm All Souls (31 Oct) were granted to the lord of the manor in 1575. This grant superseded that of 1253 and stated that the original fair had not been in use for a long time, as the dates were not convenient (VCH Essex, v, p. 129).

FELSTED 5676 2203. 1334 Subsidy 80.33.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1106x30, held by abbey of Holy Trinity, Caen. Market recorded in c.1170 and 1223–4 (M. Chibnall ed., Charters and Custumals of the Abbey of Holy Trinity Caen (British Academy Records of Economic and Social History, new series, v, London, 1982), pp. 34, 44–5, 103).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 12 Apr 1292, by K Edw I to As and N of Caen (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 421). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f+3, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); gr 12 Apr 1292, by K Edw I to As and N of Caen (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 421). To be held at the manor.

FOBBING 5718 1839. 1334 Subsidy 63.78.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 16 Jul 1227, by K Hen III to Thomas de Camvill (CChR, 1226–57, p. 52). Order to sh of Essex regarding the market, 24 Jul 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 194).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 25 May 1318, by K Edw II to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex (CChR, 1300–26, p. 376). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Martin (11 Nov); gr 16 Jul 1227, by K Hen III to Thomas de Camvill (CChR, 1226–57, p. 52). Order to sh of Essex regarding the fair, 24 Jul 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 194).
F (Charter) f+2, Martin (11 Nov); gr 25 May 1318, by K Edw II to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex (CChR, 1300–26, p. 376). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) Mon in Whit week +2 (Easter dep); gr 25 May 1318, by K Edw II to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex (CChR, 1300–26, p. 376). To be held at the manor.

GOLDHANGER 5901 2093.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 11 Apr 1348, by K Edw III to John de Hevenyngham (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 87). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) f+2, Trans of Edward (13 Oct); gr 11 Apr 1348, by K Edw III to John de Hevenyngham (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 87). To be held at the town.

GOOD EASTER 5626 2120. 1334 Subsidy 26.73.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 17 Jul 1309, by K Edw II to William de Melton, king’s clerk, dean of the ch of St Martin le Grand, London (CChR, 1300–26, p. 129). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 17 Jul 1309, by K Edw II to William de Melton, king’s clerk, dean of the ch of St Martin le Grand, London (CChR, 1300–26, p. 129). To be held at the manor.

GRAYS THURROCK 5613 1777. 1334 Subsidy 67.50.
M (Letter Close) Fri; mercatum, gr 15 May 1221, by K Hen III to Richard de Gray (RLC, i, p. 458). To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 458). Letter exempting Richard de Gray’s market from the prohibition of markets raised during the minority and allowing him to hold it as before until the king ordered otherwise, 6 Apr 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 181). Market granted by K Hen III to Richard de Gray on 2 Feb 1239 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 241).
F (Charter) vf, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 2 Feb 1239, by K Hen III to Richard de Gray (CChR, 1226–57, p. 241).

GREAT BADDOW 5729 2049. 1334 Subsidy 61.02.
M (Letter Close) Wed; gr 8 Nov 1306, by K Edw I (CCR, 1302–7, p. 421). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Essex to cause the market to be proclaimed and held.
F (Letter Close) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 8 Nov 1306, by K Edw I (CCR, 1302–7, p. 421). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Essex to cause the fair to be proclaimed and held.

GREAT BARDFIELD 5678 2303. Borough 1253 (BF, p. 108). 1334 Subsidy 70.69. Fair 1587, 11 Jun (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sat; recorded Nov 1224, mercatum, held by [Gilbert de] Clare, earl of Gloucester. A jury was asked if the market was being damaged by that at Great Dunmow, Essex (q.v.) (CRR, xi, no. 2805; CRR, xii, no. 45). Market held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, recorded in Jan 1296 (CIPM, iii, no. 371).

GREAT CHESTERFORD 5505 2427. 1334 Subsidy 43.59.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 20 Jan 1254, mercatum, held by Roger, earl of Norfolk (Abb Plac, p. 139). On 20 Jan 1254, it was alleged that the market at Newport, Essex (q.v.) was being damaged by that raised at Great Chesterford.

GREAT DUNMOW 5629 2230. 1334 Subsidy 106.36. In 1256, there are references to a 50m. fine which Simon son of Richard made for a market, fair and warren at an unidentified location in Essex (CR, 1254–6, pp. 257, 260). This presumably relates to K Hen III’s grant to Richard son of Simon in Aug 1227 of a market, fair and licence to impark at Great Dunmow, Essex (CChR, 1226–57, p. 56). A Simon son of Richard, with rents in Finchingfield and Toppesfield (Essex) and Haveringland (Norfolk) occurs in a charter of c.1230–62, describing himself as grandson of Simon son of Richard, and son of Richard. In this charter, Simon son of Richard confirmed various grants made by his ancestors in the early thirteenth century; these include references to Great Dunmow church (C. Harper-Bill and R. Mortimer eds., Stoke-by-Clare Cartulary (Woodbridge, 1983) ii, no. 580). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 25 Apr, 15 Aug (Harrison, pp. 393, 395).
M (Grant: other) Tues; mercatum, gr 30 Oct 1219, by K Hen III to Richard son of Simon. He gave a palfrey to hold the market at his manor (C 60/12 m. 9). 1219, Nova Oblata: he owed a palfrey. The editor of the printed Pipe Roll suggested that although under the heading Nova Oblata, the fine could date from the later years of John’s reign. This appears unlikely (PR, 3 Hen III, pp. xvi, 115). In 1220, Richard son of Simon paid 5m. for a palfrey for having a market (PR, 4 Hen III, p. 116). In Nov 1224, a jury was asked if the market at Dunmow was to the detriment of that at Great Bardfield, Essex (q.v.) (CRR, xi, 2805). In Spring 1225, Richard claimed that the king had conceeded to him a Tues market, if it was not to the detriment of neighbouring markets. As the sh had made an enquiry through three hundreds and the earl of Gloucester’s market at Great Bardfield was on Sat, there ought not to be an inquisition to establish damages (CRR, xii, no. 45). On 19 Aug 1227, K Hen III granted Richard son of Simon a Tues market at his manor by charter (CChR, 1226–57, p. 56). Order to sh of Essex regarding the market, 18 Aug 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 197b).
M (Charter) Fri; mercatum, gr 16 Jun 1254, by K Hen III to John de Berners the elder (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 3790; CPR, 1247–58, p. 305). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 19 Aug 1227, by K Hen III to Richard son of Simon (CChR, 1226–57, p. 56). Order to the sh of Essex regarding the fair, 18 Aug 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 197b).
F (Charter) f+2, George (23 Apr); feria gr 16 Jun 1254, by K Hen III to John de Berners the elder (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 3790; CPR, 1247–58, p. 305). To be held at the manor.

GREAT EASTON 5607 2254. 1334 Subsidy 48.55.
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 2 Nov 1252, by K Hen III to William le Moyne (CChR, 1226–57, p. 407). To be held at the manor.

GREAT OAKLEY 6188 2274. 1334 Subsidy 49.41.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 18 Feb 1253, by K Hen III to Richard de Munfichet (CChR, 1226–57, p. 419). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+3, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 18 Feb 1253, by K Hen III to Richard de Munfichet (CChR, 1226–57, p. 419). To be held at the manor.

GREAT WAKERING 5950 1875. 1334 Subsidy 121.41.
M (Charter) Fri; mercatum, gr 30 Apr 1200, by K John to Hugh de Neville and Joanna his wife (RCh, p. 54).
M (Grant: other) Thurs; gr 30 Apr 1200 x 3 Feb 1265, by either K John or K Hen III to Hugh de Neville (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 52). On 3 Feb 1265, K Hen III granted Hugh de Nevill a Mon market at the manor in lieu of the market formerly granted to him there on Thurs.
F (Charter) vf, Trans of Nicholas (9 May); feria gr 30 Apr 1200, by K John to Hugh de Neville and Joanna his wife (RCh, p. 54).
A market held by Hugh de Neville was recorded in 1257–58, when it was allegedly being damaged by that at Shopland, Essex (q.v.). This could relate to either the Fri or the Thurs market (FF Essex, i, no. 1345).

HADLEIGH 5810 1870. 1334 Subsidy 36.06. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 29 Sept (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 28 Nov 1228, held by Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife. On 28 Nov 1228, K Hen III granted Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife unspecified ‘markets’ at four manors, including Hadleigh, as part of a grant of those manors. The day(s) of the market(s) were not given (CChR, 1226–57, p. 82). On 14 Jan 1231, K Hen III granted Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent, Justiciar, a Wed market, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 128). Mandate to sh of Essex to make the Wed market known and cause it to be held, which the king by his charter granted and confirmed to Hubert de Burgh, 12 Jan 1231 (CR, 1227–31, p. 470). Market was in the king’s hands on 4 May 1246, when it was to be held on Wed (CR, 1242–7, p. 421).
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1184 (PR, 30 Hen II, p. 135). Part of the land formerly held by Henry de Essex (otherwise known as the Honor of Rayleigh), which had escheated to the Crown. Fair also noted in 1185–7 (PR, 31 Hen II, p. 44; PR, 32 Hen III, p. 198; PR, 33 Hen II, p. 19). This may well be the same fair noted in the estates of Henry of Essex in 1181, described only as ‘the fair of St James’ (25 Jul). It is the only fair accounted for in the estates (PR, 27 Hen II, pp. xxv, 108). On 28 Nov 1228, K Hen III granted Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife unspecified ‘fairs’ at four manors, including Hadleigh, as part of a grant of those manors. The date(s) of the fair(s) are not given. The manor was stated to have been held by Henry de Essex (CChR, 1226–57, p. 82).

HADSTOCK 5558 2448. 1334 Subsidy 30.56. Fair 1587, 17 Jun (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Charter) gr 1129, by K Hen I to Bp Harvey and the ch of Ely (Regesta, ii, no. 1576). The bp’s right to the market was confirmed by K Ric I on 10 Oct 1189 and 1 Jul 1198 and by K Hen III on 3 Jul 1233 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 184). K Edw III confirmed K Hen I’s charter on 3 Jan 1338 (CChR, 1327–41, p. 434).
F (Prescriptive) f, Botolph (17 Jun); recorded 1129, held by Bp Harvey and the ch of Ely (Regesta, ii, no. 1576). The fair was said to have been held in 1066 and under K Wil I (Regesta, ii, no. 1576). The fair was confirmed by K Ric I on 10 Oct 1189 and 1 Jul 1198 and by K Hen III on 3 Jul 1233 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 184). K Edw III confirmed K Hen I’s charter on 3 Jan 1338 (CChR, 1327–41, p. 434). Fair recorded in 1209 (FF Essex, i, p. 48).

HALSTEAD 5815 2306. 1334 Subsidy 141.31. For the descent of the Bourghchier family, see GEC, ii, pp. 247–9. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 17 Nov 1250, by K Hen III to Abel de St Martin (CChR, 1226–57, p. 349). In Nov 1254, it was alleged that the market was damaging those at Castle Hedingham and Earls Colne, Essex (q.v.) (FF Essex, i, p. 205). In the dispute, Abel alleged that there had been a market there belonging to the king for many years (Essex Markets and Fairs, p. 7). On 25 Oct 1330, Robert de Bousser was granted a Tues market at the manor in lieu of the Sat market he and his ancestors had held (CChR, 1327–41, p. 191). On 6 Mar 1431, Elizabeth, late the wife of Lewis Robessart, kn, was granted a market in dower; the day of the market was not recorded (CCR, 1429–35, p. 81). On 7 Aug 1433, the market (the day of which was not recorded) was granted to Henry Bourghchier, son of William Bourghchier, kn (CCR, 1429–35, p. 217).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 20 Jun 1467, by K Hen VI to Henry, earl of Essex, the king’s uncle. To be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 216). This is the same man as Henry Bourghchier, son of William Bourghchier, kn, who was granted the market above in 1433 (GEC, ii, pp. 248–9). It is possible that the Fri market was intended to supersede the market granted in 1433.
F (Charter) vf, Denis (9 Oct); gr 17 Nov 1250, by K Hen III to Abel de St Martin (CChR, 1226–57, p. 349). On 25 Oct 1330, Robert de Bousser was granted a fair on vf Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct) at the manor in lieu of the fair on vf Denis he and his ancestors had held (CChR, 1327–41, p. 191). On 6 Mar 1431, Elizabeth, late the wife of Lewis Robessart, kn, was granted the fair in dower. The feast of the fair was not given (CCR, 1429–35, p. 81). On 7 Aug 1433, the fair, the feast of which was not recorded, was granted to Henry Bourghchier, son of William Bourghchier kn (CCR, 1429–35, p. 217).
F (Charter) vfm+1, George (23 Apr); gr 20 Jun 1467, by K Hen VI to Henry, earl of Essex, the king’s uncle. To be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 216). This is the same man as Henry Bourghchier, son of William Bourghchier, kn, who was granted the fair above in 1433. It is possible that the fair on the feast of George was intended to supersede the fair granted in 1433.
F (Charter) vfm+1, Edw the Confessor (13 Oct); gr 20 Jun 1467, by K Hen VI to Henry, earl of Essex, the king’s uncle. To be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 216). This is the same man as Henry Bourghchier, son of William Bourghchier, kn, who was granted the fair above in 1433. It is possible that the fair on the feast of Edward the Confessor was intended to supersede the fair granted in 1433.

HARLOW 5471 2115. Borough 1213x29 (BF, p. 109). 1334 Subsidy 88.88. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 17 Nov (Harrison, p. 396). See also VCH Essex, viii, p. 142.
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 13 Dec 1220, by K Hen III to A of Bury St Edmunds. To be held until the king came of age (C 60/14 m. 5). Profits of market were at 50s. in 1287 and 12s. in 1431 (VCH Essex, viii, p. 142).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 20 Jul 1449, by K Hen VI to A and C of Bury St Edmunds. To be held at the town. Charter ‘vacated because other wise in the 35th year’ (i.e. 1457) (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 106). Granted again to the A and C of Bury St Edmunds on 20 Jul 1457 (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 128) Fri market recorded in 1592, although it appears to have ceased trading around this time (VCH Essex, viii, p. 142).
F (Letter Close) fm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria, gr 13 Dec 1220, by K Hen III to A of Bury St Edmunds. To be held until the king came of age (C 60/14 m. 5).
F (Charter) f, Petronilla (31 May); gr 20 Jul 1449, by K Hen VI to A and C of Bury St Edmunds. To be held at the town. Charter ‘vacated because other wise in the 35th year’ (i.e. 1457) (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 106). Granted again to the A and C of Bury St Edmunds on 20 Jul 1457 (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 128).
F (Charter) f, Hugh (17 Nov); gr 20 Jul 1449, by K Hen VI to A and C of Bury St Edmunds. To be held at the town. Charter ‘vacated because other wise in the 35th year’ (i.e. 1457) (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 106). Granted again to the A and C of Bury St Edmunds on 20 Jul 1457 (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 128).

HARWICH 6256 2316. Borough 1274 (BF, p. 109). Borough charter granted 1318 (CPR, 1317–21, p. 380). 1334 Subsidy £72.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 12 May 1253, by K Hen III to Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and marshall of England (CChR, 1226–57, p. 433). Granted by K Edw II to Thomas, earl of Norfolk, marshall of England on 16 Sept 1319 (CChR, 1300–26, p. 414).
F (Charter) vf+8, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 12 May 1253, by K Hen III to Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and marshall of England (CChR, 1226–57, p. 433).

HATFIELD BROAD OAK 5547 2166. Borough 1198 (BF, p. 109). 1334 Subsidy 159.30. Also known as Hatfield Regis. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Essex, viii, p. 175.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded c.1200 (VCH Essex, viii, p. 175). On 7 Nov 1218, the day of the market was changed from Sun to Sat (RLC, i, p. 381b). On 26 Jan 1223, it was alleged that the market was being damaged by that at Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire (q.v.), which was subsequently closed (RLC, i, p. 531). Market recorded in 1328; in c.1594 it was described as ‘little’. It had declined by c.1768 and ceased by 1832 (VCH Essex, viii, pp. 175–6).
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1328, held by the lord of Hatfield Regis manor. In 1336, a fair was being held on the Nativity of Mary (8 Sept). By 1460, the date of the fair had been changed to the feast of James (25 Jul). The fair was held on this date until 1753 (VCH Essex, viii, p. 175).

HAVERING ATTE BOWER 5510 1930. 1334 Subsidy 159.67.
F (Charter) v+2, Nativity of John (24 Jun); gr 15 Jul 1465, by K Edw IV to tenants and inhabitants of Havering Atte Bower (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 204–5). To be held at the town.

HEYBRIDGE 5859 2079. 1334 Subsidy 32.81.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 7 Oct 1354, by K Edw III to dean and chapter of St Pauls, London (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 141).
F (Charter) vf, Barnabas the Apostle (11 June); gr 7 Oct 1354, by K Edw III to dean and chapter of St Pauls, London (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 141).

HIGH ONGAR 5565 2038. 1334 Subsidy 40.19. See also VCH Essex, iv, p. 175.
F (Grant: other) vf, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria gr 17 Aug 1220, by K Hen III to William de Muceaus (C 60/12 m. 3). Nova Oblata: William de Monceaus owed a palfrey for having the fair at his town of Old (Veteri) Ongar (PR, 4 Henry III, p. 119).
F (Charter) vf, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 21 Dec 1229, by K Hen III to Silvester de Everdon, rector of the ch of Old Angre (CChR, 1226–57, p. 108). On 2 Sept 1230, it was stated that Robert de Cern, late rector of the ch of Alta Angr’, had made a fine of 5m. to have a fair at the ch each year until the king came of age. Silvester de Everdon had paid part of the debt owed by Robert de Cern’s executors for the fair (CR, 1227–31, p 433). This grant was made during the minority, probably after late in 1220, when the phrase ‘until the king came of age’ came into general use. This may be identical to the fair granted to William de Monceaus.
There are no further references to a fair (VCH Essex, iv, p. 182 n.5).

HIGH RODING 5603 2173. 1334 Subsidy 33.12.
M (Prescriptive) Sat; recorded 1231, held by William, earl Warrene. The day of the market was changed to Mon on 15 May 1231. This was to be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Essex (CR, 1227–31, p. 506). On 7 Sept 1255, K Hen III granted John de Warrenna a weekly market at the manor. The day of the market was not given (CChR, 1226–57, p. 449). In 1276, the market held by J[ohn] de Warrena, earl of Surrey was considered worthless, as it often failed (CIM, 1219–1307, no. 316).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 7 Sept 1255, by K Hen III to John de Warrenna (CChR, 1226–57, p. 449). To be held at the manor.

HORNDON ON THE HILL 5669 1833. Mint 1042–1066. 1334 Subsidy 70.80. Evidently a small urban centre with a mint in the mid eleventh century. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Prescriptive: mint) recorded 4 Mar 1280, held by Robert Giffard, who quitclaimed to K Edw I part of his market (CPR, 1272–81, p. 453). On 20 Jul 1337, Maud de Haudlo held a half share of the market at Horndon (CIM, ii, no. 381; CCR, 1337–39, p. 181). Market recorded on 15 Dec 1343 (CIPM, viii, no. 460).
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 30 June 1277, by K Edw I to Robert Giffard. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 203). A fair held by Robert Giffard was recorded in Mar 1280 (CPR, 1272–81, p. 453).
F (Charter) vfm+5, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); gr 16 Apr 1280, by K Edw I to Robert Giffard (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 221). To be held at the manor.

INGATESTONE 5651 1996. 1334 Subsidy 46.34. Fair 1587, 19 Nov (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 5 Nov 1289, by K Edw I to P of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 340). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 5 Nov 1289, by K Edw I to P of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 340).

KELVEDON 5856 2185. 1334 Subsidy 50.13.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 28 May 1312, by K Edw II to John Filiol (CChR, 1300–26, pp. 191–2). By another charter on the same day the king granted a Mon market to the same. It is possible that the market was to be held on both Mon and Thurs, or that one charter was intended to supersede the other.
F (Charter) Mon after Whitsunday+2 (Easter dep); gr 28 May 1312, by K Edw II to John Filiol (CChR, 1300–26, pp. 191–2). By another charter on the same day the king granted a fair on vfm Whitsunday to the same.

LATTON 5468 2095. 1334 Subsidy 31.88.
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John [the Baptist] (29 Aug); gr 23 Mar 1332, by K Edw III to Augustine le Waleys. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 260). In 1375, the fair (the feast of which was not given) was quitclaimed to William Berland, kn and Christiana his wife and the heirs and assigns of William (CCR, 1374–77, p. 227).

MALDON 5856 2067. Borough 916 (BF, p. 109; BF, supplement, p. 62). Mint 924–39, 970s–1100. 1334 Subsidy 140.20. Commercial centre and port from the early tenth century. Borough in Domesday Book (Darby, p. 365). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 25 Mar (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 20 Nov 1287, held by Richard [de Gravesend] bp of London (Ninth Report of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, part i (London, 1883), Kraus reprint (1979), p. 41).

MANNINGTREE 6105 2318. Borough 1286x1309 (BF, p. 110). Sheningho (Old Hall, Sheddon or Sharing Hall) is now lost; it was in Manningtree (P.H. Reaney, The Place-Names of Essex (Cambridge, 1935) p. 344). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Manningtree and Mistley were valued together at 60.87. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 18 Oct 1238, by K Hen III to Hubert de Ruylli. Called Sheningho. Mandate to the sh of Essex to cause him to have the market (CR, 1237–42, p. 110). In 1241, the Pipe roll records that Hubert de Ruilly the elder, ‘earl of Oxford’, owed one sparrowhawk, in part for a grant of a market in ‘Techingho’ (PR, 26 Hen III, p. 227). This is problematic, as it describes Hubert as earl of Oxford; however, the earl between 1231 and 1263 was Hugh de Vere (GEC, x, pp. 213–15). On 22 May 1279, Thomas, son and heir of Richard de Royly quitclaimed to Matilda de Clare, countess of Gloucester and Hertford, the market rights of Manningtree. On 3 Mar 1312, Nicholas, son of Thomas de Royly of Fynchingrefeld, quitclaimed to the As and C of Leghe Canonicorum [Canonsleigh abbey] the market rights of Manningtree. Also on 3 Mar 1312, Geoffrey de Royly of Rames’, son of William de Roylli, quitclaimed to the canonesses of Canonsleigh the market rights of Manningtree (V. London ed., The Cartulary of Canonsleigh Abbey: A Calendar (Devon and Cornwall Record Society, new series, viii, Torquay, 1965) nos. 213, 219, 220). Mon market held at Manningtree by As of Canonsleigh recorded 1318 (W.G. Benham ed., The Red Paper Book of Colchester (Colchester, 1902), p. 45)).
F (Grant: other) feria recorded 1241, held by Hubert de Ruilly the elder, ‘earl of Oxford’. Hubert owed one sparrowhawk, in part for having a fair at ‘Techingho’ (PR, 26 Hen III, p. 227). This entry in the Pipe roll is problematic, as it describes Hubert as earl of Oxford; however, the earl between 1231 and 1263 was Hugh de Vere (GEC, x, pp. 213–15). The corresponding letter close does not record a grant to Hubert of a fair (CR, 1237–42, p. 110).

NEWPORT 5521 2341. Borough 1227 (BF, p. 110). 1334 Subsidy 67.77. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 6 Nov; held at Newport pond. Harrison also records the ‘Cold’ or ‘Colt’ fair for cattle at Newport pond, which was one of the most important in the country (Harrison, pp. 396, 253) Presumably, this could well be the same fair.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1141, mercatum, held by Geoffrey de Mandeville (Regesta, iii, no. 274). Empress Matilda granted Geoffrey the right to move the market at Newport to Saffron Walden, Essex (q.v.). On 20 Jan 1254, the market was held by earl Richard of Cornwall, who alleged that it was being damaged by that at Great Chesterford, Essex (q.v.) (Abb Plac, p. 139). Market held by Edmund, earl of Cornwall, recorded in 1297 (M. Midgley ed., Ministers’ Accounts of the Earldom of Cornwall, 1296–7 (Camden 3rd series, lxvi, 1942–5), vol i, p. 449).
F (Charter) v+2, Peter and Paul the Apostles (29 Jun); feria gr 25 Jul 1203, by K John to Gerard de Furnivall (RCh, p. 109).
F (Charter) vfm, Leonard (6 Nov); gr 10 Oct 1227, by K Hen III to brethren of the hospital of St Mary and St Leonard, Newport, co. Essex (CChR, 1226–57, p. 62). To be held at the hospital.

ORSETT 5644 1820. 1334 Subsidy 75.77.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 26 Jul 1355, by K Edw III to Michael, bp of London (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 143). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); gr 26 Jul 1355, by K Edw III to Michael, bp of London (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 143). To be held at the manor.

PLESHEY 5663 2143. Borough 1336 (BF, p. 110). 1334 Subsidy 13.23.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded before 1274 (R.H. Britnell, ‘Essex markets before 1350’, Essex Archaeology and History (1981) xiii, p. 16). Market stalls were noted in 1336. Markets continued in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries (Beresford, p. 436).

PRITTLEWELL 5877 1867. 1334 Subsidy 158.86.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 18 Oct 1238, by K Hen III to earl of Oxford. Mandate to the sh of Essex to cause him to have it. The entry on the charter roll is damaged (CChR, 1226–57, p. 236; CR, 1237–42, p. 110). In Apr 1248 and Jan 1249, the countess of Kent alleged that the earl of Oxford had set up the market six years ago, to the detriment of her market at Rayleigh, Essex (q.v.) (GEC, x, p. 215).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 475). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 475).

RAINHAM 5521 1822. 1334 Subsidy 137.25. See also VCH Essex, vii, p. 133.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 18 Jul 1270, by K Hen III to Robert Walerand (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 148). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 18 Jul 1270, by K Hen III to Robert Walerand (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 149). It is possible that one of these markets was wrongly transcribed, or that one was intended to supersede the other.
M (Charter) Tues, gr 16 Mar 1342, by K Edw III to Walter de Chesthunte (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 10). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 18 Jul 1270, by K Hen III to Robert Walerand (CChR, 1257–1300, pp. 148–9). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f+2, Faith (6 Oct); gr 16 Mar 1342, by K Edw III to Walter de Chesthunte (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 10). To be held at the manor.

RAMSDEN BELLHOUSE 5719 1943. 1334 Subsidy 41.05.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 25 May 1221, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Barentun. To be held at the manor of ‘Rammeden’ until the king came of age. Notice to the sh of Essex (RLC, i, p. 459b). In 1219 and 1227 Nicholas de Barentun held half an acre in the vill of Hatfield Regis (Bk of Fees, i, no. 276, ii, no. 1347). Place- Names of Essex notes the connection between Nicholas Barentun and Ramsden, but does not make it clear whether this was Bellhouse or Crays (P.H. Reaney, The Place-Names of Essex (Cambridge, 1935), p. 168).

RAYLEIGH 5809 1909. 1334 Subsidy 73.31. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1181, forum, held by K Hen II (PR, 27 Henry II, p. 108). This was the escheated land of Henry de Essex, part of the honor of Rayleigh. On 18 Feb 1227, K Hen III granted Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife unspecified ‘markets’ at three manors, including Rayleigh, together with the manors themselves, as part of a larger grant. The days of the market(s) are not given (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 12–13). Granted again to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife on 28 Nov 1228 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 82). In Apr 1248 and Jan 1249, the countess of Kent alleged that her market of Rayleigh was being damaged by that at Prittlewell, Essex (q.v.) (GEC, x, p. 215).
On 18 Feb 1227, K Hen III granted Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife ‘fairs’ at three manors, including Rayleigh, together with the manors themselves, as part of a larger grant. The dates of the fair(s) are not given (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 12–13) Unspecified ‘fairs’ at four places, including Rayleigh, were granted to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife on 28 Nov 1228 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 82). This suggests that one or more fairs may have existed at Rayleigh.

RIDGEWELL 5740 2409. 1334 Subsidy 49.78.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 17 May 1318, by K Edw II to Aymer de Valence, earl of Pembroke, the king’s cousin (CChR, 1300–26, p. 408).
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 21 Oct 1245, by K Hen III to Warin de Munchensey and Denise his wife. To be held in the demesne. Mandate in pursuance to the sh of Essex (CChR, 1226–57, p. 288). Granted by K Edw II to Aymer de Valence, earl of Pembroke, the king’s cousin, on 17 May 1318 (CChR, 1300–26, p. 408).

ROCHFORD 5872 1903. 1334 Subsidy 56.37. Fair 1587, Tues in Easter week, Tues in Whit week (Harrison, pp. 393–4).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 13 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Guy de Rochford of Essex. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 473). Granted again to Guy de Rocheford on 1 Oct 1264 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 50).
F (Charter) Mon, Tues, Wed in Whit Week (Easter dep); gr 13 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Guy de Rochford of Essex (CChR, 1226–57, p. 473). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 1 Oct 1264, by K Hen III to Guy de Rochford (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 50).
On 21 Aug 1235, Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent, granted a charter to all the men of the church of St Paul in London at Barling, that they should enjoy all their liberties etc. in his hundred of Rochford in fairs and markets without any interference (Ninth Report of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, part i (London, 1883), Kraus reprint (1979), p. 34, no. 668). Hubert was granted the hundred of Rochford, Essex by K Hen III on 28 Nov 1228, ‘with the manor of Haganet, Suffolk and all its other appurtenances’ (CR, 1227–31, p. 82).

ROMFORD 5514 1891. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also M.K. McIntosh, Autonomy and Community: The Royal Manor of Havering, 1200–1500 (Cambridge, 1986), pp. 40, 152–60.
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 22 Sept 1247, by K Hen III (CR, 1242–7, p. 536). Sh of Essex ordered to proclaim the market in the full county court and in the hundreds and cause it to be held.
F (Letter Close) f+6, Pentecost (Easter dep); feria gr 18 Jan 1250, by K Hen III (CR, 1247–51, p. 256). Sh of Essex ordered to proclaim the fair in the full county court and in the hundreds and cause it to be held.

ROYDON 5408 2103. 1334 Subsidy 45.50.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 14 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Walter fitz Robert (CChR, 1226–57, p. 474). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 7 June 1292, by K Edw I to Robert son of Walter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 428). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 14 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Walter fitz Robert. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 474). On 7 Jun 1292, K Edw I granted Robert son of Walter a fair on vfm Peter ad Vincula, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 428). Walter fitz Robert (d.1258) was the father of Robert fitz Walter (d.1325) (GEC, v, p. 472).

SAFFRON WALDEN 5537 2386. Borough 1236 (BF, supplement, p. 62). 1334 Subsidy 71.02. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, mid Lent Sun; 25 Jul; 21 Oct (Harrison, pp. 395–6).
M (Charter) Sun, Thurs; mercatum, gr 1141, by Matilda, lady of the English to Geoffrey de Mandeville [earl of Essex] (Regesta, iii, no. 274). To be held at his castle. The market had been moved from Newport, Essex (q.v.).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 30 Jun 1295, by K Edw I to A and C of Walden (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 460). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) eve of Pentecost, to last for the week of Pentecost (Easter dep); feria gr 1141, by Matilda, lady of the English to Geoffrey de Mandeville (Regesta, iii, no. 274).
F (Charter) vf, James the Apostle (25 Jul); feria, gr 1136x54, by K Steph to ch of St James of Walden and the M. Probably granted after 1143. To be held at the ch (Regesta, iii, no. 914). On 15 Nov 1248, K Hen III granted the A and C of Walden a yearly fair there on vfm James, in lieu of a yearly fair there lasting for two days (CChR, 1226–57, p. 336).

SALCOTT 5952 2136. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Salcott and Layer Breton were valued together at 34.88.
M (Grant: other) Mon; mercatum, gr 13 Sept 1221, by K Hen III to As of Barking. To be held until the king came of age. The sh of Essex was to take one palfrey from the As (C 60/14 m. 3). In 1318, the Mon market of the As of Barking was alleged to be damaging that at Colchester, Essex (q.v.) (W.G. Benham ed., The Red Paper Book of Colchester (Colchester, 1902), p. 45).

SHOPLAND 5899 1883. 1334 Subsidy 49.95.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1257–58, held by Robert Tybbetoth (FF Essex, i, no. 1345). It was alleged that Robert had erected the market the detriment of that at Great Wakering, Essex (q.v.). Robert and his heir were permitted to have their market in return for 9s. per annum.

SOUTH OCKENDON 5592 1822. 1334 Subsidy 71.98. See also VCH Essex, vii, p. 121.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 27 Sept 1254, by K Hen III to Richard de la Rokele. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4166; CPR, 1247–58, p. 341). On 7 May 1435, K Hen VI confirmed the fair to Maurice Bruyne, kn, the tenant (CPR, 1429–36, p. 458).
F (Charter) vfm, Nicholas (6 Dec); feria gr 27 Sept 1254, by K Hen III to Richard de la Rokele. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4166; CPR, 1247–58, p. 341). On 7 May 1435, K Hen VI confirmed the fair to Maurice Bruyne, kn, the tenant (CPR, 1429–36, p. 458).

SOUTHMINSTER 5958 1996. 1334 Subsidy 91.13.
M (Prescriptive) Mon; recorded 5 Nov 1218, mercatum, held by bp of London. On 5 Nov 1218, the day of the market was changed from Mon to Thurs. Market held at the manor (RLC, i, p. 381). Late in Michaelmas term 1285, Richard, bp of London unsuccessfully claimed that his Thurs market was being damaged by the market at Southminster (FF Essex, ii, p. 53).

ST. OSYTH 6122 2156. 1334 Subsidy 100.02.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1189–90 , mercatum, held by ch and Ca of St Osyth; K Ric I granted the ch and Ca of St Osyth that they would have their market in peace (L. London ed., Cartae Antiquae (Pipe Roll Soc.), xvii, no. 172). On 5 Nov 1218, the day of the market was changed to Sat. Mandate to the sh of Essex to proclaim the change of day (RLC, i, p. 381). On 11 Sept 1268, K Hen III confirmed to the ch of St Osyth and the Ca the market. On 26 Apr 1286, K Edw I inspected and confirmed this charter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 333). Sat market held by abbey of St Osyth recorded in 1318 (W.G. Benham ed., The Red Paper Book of Colchester (Colchester, 1902) p. 45).

STEBBING 5664 2240. 1334 Subsidy 111.44.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 12 Mar 1338, by K Edw III to Henry de Ferariis. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 443). On 29 May 1371, Margaret who was the wife of William Ferrers of Groby, kn, was assigned a third of the profits of the market in dower (CCR, 1369–74, p. 348).
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 12 Mar 1338, by K Edw III to Henry de Ferariis. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 443). On 29 May 1371, Margaret who was the wife of William Ferrers of Groby, kn, was assigned a third of the profits of the fair in dower (CCR, 1369–74, p. 348).

STEVENTON END 5598 2429. Described as Stevington in Bartlow End.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 24 May 1272, by K Hen III to Richard son of Thomas de Snitterton (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 182). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 24 May 1272, by K Hen III to Richard son of Thomas de Snitterton (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 182). To be held at the manor.

STOCK 5689 1988.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 5 Jul 1239, by K Hen III to Ps of Icklinton [Ickleton] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 244); conf 21 Mar 1268 by K Hen III to N of Ikelinton (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 92). Letters in pursuance to the sh of Essex (CChR, 1226–57, p. 244).

STRATFORD LANGTHORNE 5387 1841.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1225 (CR, 1254–6, p. 175).

TAKELEY 5555 2216. 1334 Subsidy 66.55.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 30 Mar 1253, by K Hen III to ch, A and Ca of Waltham Holy Cross (CChR, 1226–57, p. 427). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 30 Mar 1253, by K Hen III to ch, A and Ca of Waltham Holy Cross (CChR, 1226–57, p. 427). To be held at the manor.

TERLING 5773 2148. 1334 Subsidy 52.78.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 16 Oct 1331, by K Edw III to W. bp of Norwich (CChR, 1327–41, p. 233). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+3, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); gr 16 Oct 1331, by K Edw III to W. bp of Norwich (CChR, 1327–41, p. 233). To be held at the manor.

THAXTED 5610 2310. Borough 1348 (BF, p. 110). 1334 Subsidy 125.99. Small industrial town. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, Sun after Ascension day; 10 Aug (Harrison, pp. 394–5). See also K.C. Newton, Thaxted in the Fourteenth Century (Chelmsford, 1960).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 3 Jan 1296, forum, held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester (CIPM, iii, no. 237).
F (Charter) vfm, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 283). To be held at the manor.

THEYDON GARNON 5472 1994. 1334 Subsidy 41.45.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 1 Nov 1305, by K Edw I to Hugh Gergoun (CChR, 1300–26, p. 62). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret the Virgin (20 Jul); gr 1 Nov 1305, by K Edw I to Hugh Gergoun (CChR, 1300–26, p. 62). To be held at the manor.

THEYDON MOUNT 5492 1992. 1334 Subsidy 25.44. See also VCH Essex, iv, p. 277.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 23 Sept 1225, by K Hen III to Paulinus de Theyden (RLC, ii, p. 62). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 23 Jun 1239, by K Hen III to Robert de Briwes and Beatrice his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 244).
F (Charter) f, Michael (29 Sept); feria gr 23 Sept 1225, by K Hen III to Paulinus de Theydon (RLC, ii, p. 62). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Dedication of Mont St Michael (16 Oct); gr 23 Jun 1239, by K Hen III to Robert de Briwes and Beatrice his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 244).

WALTHAM HOLY CROSS 5381 2006. Borough c.1235 (BF, p. 110). 1334 Subsidy 262.30. Small town associated with Waltham abbey. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 3 May, 10 Aug, 14 Sept (Harrison, pp. 393, 395–6). See also VCH Essex, v, p. 165.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 20 Oct 1189, forum, held by ch of Holy Cross of Waltham. K Ric I granted the market of the manor (foro eiusdem manerii) to the abbey (R. Ransford ed., Early Charters of the Augustinian Canons of Waltham Abbey, Essex, 1062–1230 (Boydell, 1989), no. 285). In 1560, the market, held on Sun, was said to be in decay. The day was changed to Tues (VCH Essex, v, p. 165).
F (Prescriptive) Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); feria recorded 13 Sept 1108x15, held by Qu Matilda. On 13 Sept 1108x15, Qu Matilda granted the ch of the Holy Cross at Waltham and the Ca the fairs, to hold as she had held them. Waltham formed part of the Queen’s dower land from 1100 (R. Ransford ed., Early Charters of the Augustinian Canons of Waltham Abbey, Essex, 1062–1230 (Boydell, 1989), p. xxiv, no. 15). On 30 Mar 1253, K Hen III granted the ch, A and Ca of Waltham Holy Cross a fair on v+7 Exaltation of Holy Cross, to be held without the grave yard of their ch, wherever they will in the town (CChR, 1226–57, p. 427).
F (Prescriptive) Invention of Holy Cross (3 May); feria recorded 13 Sept 1108x15, held by Qu Matilda. On 13 Sept 1108x15, Qu Matilda granted the ch of the Holy Cross at Waltham and the Ca the fairs, to hold as she had held them. Waltham formed part of the Queen’s dower land from 1100 (R. Ransford ed., Early Charters of the Augustinian Canons of Waltham Abbey, Essex, 1062–1230 (Boydell, 1989), p. xxiv, no. 15). On 30 Mar 1253, K Hen III granted the ch, A and Ca of Waltham Holy Cross a fair on v+7 Invention of Holy Cross, to be held without the grave yard of their church, wherever they will in the town (CChR, 1226–57, p. 427).
A fair (the feast of which was not given) was recorded in 1201 (CRR, i, p. 32).

WENDENS AMBO 5513 2363. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Great and Little Ambo were valued together at 55.25.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 29 May 1262, by K Hen III to Maurice de Berkele (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 43). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 29 May 1262, by K Hen III to Maurice de Berkele (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 43). To be held at the manor.

WEST HAM 5394 1839. 1334 Subsidy 165.86.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 12 May 1253, by K Hen III to Richard de Munfichet (CChR, 1226–57, p. 433).
F (Charter) vf+2, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 1253, by K Hen III to Richard de Munfichet (CChR, 1226–57, p. 433).

WEST THURROCK 5593 1773. 1334 Subsidy 93.
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 1 Sept 1207, by K John to John de Bassingbourn (RLC, i, p. 91b). Notice to sh of Essex.

WEST TILBURY 5662 1776. 1334 Subsidy 33.36.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 5 Apr 1257, by K Hen III to Richard de Tilbury (CChR, 1226–57, p. 468). To be held at the manor.

WHITE RODING 5562 2133. 1334 Subsidy 24.31.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 10 Jan 1269, by K Hen III to Isabel daughter of William de Bynaynes. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 115). Granted again to Isabel daughter of William de Bynaynes on 22 Apr 1269 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 119).
F (Charter) vfm, Martin (11 Nov); gr 10 Jan 1269, by K Hen III to Isabel daughter of William de Bynaynes. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 115). Granted again to Isabel daughter of William de Bynaynes on 22 Apr 1269 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 119).

WITHAM 5822 2144. 1334 Subsidy 118.22. Also known as Newland. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also W. Rodwell, The Origins and Early Development of Witham, Essex (Oxbow Monograph 26, 1993); R.H. Britnell, ‘The Making of Witham’, History Studies, i (1968), pp. 13–21.
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum , gr 23 Sept 1212, by K John to kn of the Temple of Jerusalem. To be held at their new town of ‘Wulvesford’ in the parish of Witham (RCh, p. 188). Granted by K Hen III to the brethren of the Temple on 10 Feb 1227 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 5). Market recorded in c.1353 (PRO, E101/556/49). On 21 Oct 1379, K Ric II granted Robert Hailes, P of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England a Tues market at Witham in lieu of the Tues market at Chipping Hill, Essex (q.v.) (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 258).
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); feria gr 23 Sept 1212, by K John to kn of the Temple of Jerusalem (RCh, p. 188). Granted by K Hen III to the brethren of the Temple on 10 Feb 1227 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 5).

WIX 6163 2290. 1334 Subsidy 36.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 28 Apr 1204, by K John to M of Wix (RCh, p. 126b). Nova Oblata, 1204: the M of Wix owed an untrained goshawk (PR, 6 John, p. 32).

WOODHAM FERRERS 5798 1994. 1334 Subsidy 65.50.
M (Letter Close) Tues; mercatum, gr 25 Sept 1234, by K Hen III to William de Ferrers (CR, 1231–4, pp. 522–3). Mandate to sh of Essex to proclaim the market and cause it to be held, dated 25 Sept 1234.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 12 Mar 1338, by K Edw III to Henry de Ferariis (CChR, 1327–41, p. 443). To be held at the manor.
F (Letter Close) vf+2, Sunday after Easter (Easter dep); feria gr 25 Sept 1234, by K Hen III to William de Ferrers (CR, 1231–4, pp. 522–3). Mandate to sh of Essex to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, dated 25 Sept 1234.
F (Charter) vf+2, Michael (29 Sept); gr 12 Mar 1338, by K Edw III to Henry de Ferariis (CChR, 1327–41, p. 443). To be held at the manor.

WRITTLE 5677 2062. Borough 1382 (BF, p. 111). 1334 Subsidy 266.63. Fair 1587, 17 Oct (Harrison, p. 396). See also K.C. Newton, The Manor of Writtle (Chichester, 1970).
M (Grant: other) gr 1199, by K John to ch of St Paul and the bp of London (K.C. Newton, The Manor of Writtle (Chichester, 1970), p. 16). Market (forum) noted in 1204 (PR, 6 John, pp. 7, 30). The market produced 4m. profit in 1230 (PR, 14 Henry III, p. 162). On 12 Jan 1292, K Edw I inspected a charter of Robert de Brus, lord of Annandale, dated 25 Jun 1288, which referred to the market (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 412). In 1304, the market was being farmed for 20s. per annum. In 1328, profit from the market and fair was 26s. 8d. Compoti from 1361 and 1377 note the annual farm from stalls, tolls and the custom of ‘aletol’ as 6s. 8d. In 1419, it was noted that there had previously been a Mon market, but that it was no longer held (K.C. Newton, The Manor of Writtle (Chichester, 1970), pp. 16–17).
F (Grant: other) gr 1201, by K John to bp of London (K.C. Newton, The Manor of Writtle (Chichester, 1970), p. 16).
F (Grant: other) vf, All Saints (1 Nov); feria, gr 24 Oct 1219, by K Hen III to earl of Salisbury. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Essex to cause him to have it (C 60/9, m. 1). Although the fine is stated on the roll to be made for Lambourn, Berkshire (q.v.) the editor of the volume asserts that it relates to Writtle (PR, 3 Hen III, pp. xx, 115).
F (Letter Close) vf+6, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 8 Aug 1306, by K Edw I. Mandate to the sh of Essex to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held (CCR, 1302–07, p. 408). This was apparently the first functioning fair. By 1419, the fair was only held on the day of Leonard (6 Nov) and yielded 4d. (K.C. Newton, The Manor of Writtle (Chichester, 1970), p. 17).

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