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Last updated: 15 July, 2010

NB: Updates/additions to the printed Gazetteer published in 2003 are given in red.

ALKERTON 3774 2053. 1334 Subsidy 16.88. See also VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 133.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 28 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to William de Wauton (CChR, 1300–26, p. 47). In 1402, tolls were leased from the manor. There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 133).
F (Charter) vfm, Kenelm the Martyr (17 Jul); gr 28 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to William de Wauton (CChR, 1300–26, p. 47). In 1402, tolls were leased from the manor. There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 133).

ALMONDSBURY 3603 1841. 1334 Subsidy 46.50.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 8 May 1285, by K Edw I to A and C of St Augustine, Bristol [St Augustine’s abbey, Bristol] (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 285). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f+5, Whit Mon (Easter dep); gr 8 May 1285, by K Edw I to A and C of St Augustine, Bristol [St Augustine’s abbey, Bristol] (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 285). To be held at the manor.

ALVINGTON 3603 2007. 1334 Subsidy 75. See also VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 12.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 4 Sept 1265, by K Hen III to P and C of Lanthony without Gloucester [priory of Llanthony Secunda, by Gloucester] (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 56). VCH provides no further evidence for the market and suggests that if established, it had fallen into disuse by 1539 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 12). It seems likely that it was superseded by the Tues market.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 16 Nov 1267, by K Hen III to P and C of Lawntouney without Gloucester [priory of Llanthony Secunda, by Gloucester]. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 84). It seems likely that this superseded the Mon market. On 3 Sept 1394, K Ric II granted the market to the P and C of St Mary and St John the Baptist of Lanthony by Gloucester (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 348–9). VCH provides no further evidence for the market and suggests that if established, it had fallen into disuse by 1539 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 12).
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 4 Sept 1265, by K Hen III to P and C of Lanthony without Gloucester [priory of Llanthony Secunda, by Gloucester] (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 56). VCH provides no further evidence for the fair and suggests that if established, it had fallen into disuse by 1539 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 12). It is probable that this was superseded by the fair granted in 1267.
F (Charter) vfm, Laurence (10 Aug); gr 16 Nov 1267, by K Hen III to P and C of Lawntouney without Gloucester [priory of Llanthony Secunda, by Gloucester]. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 84). VCH provides no further evidence for the fair and suggests that if established, it had fallen into disuse by 1539 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 12). It is probable that this superseded the fair granted in 1265.
F (Charter) Tues and Wed in Whit week (Easter dep); gr 3 Sept 1394, by K Ric II to P and C of St Mary and St John the Baptist of Lanthony [priory of Llanthony Secunda, by Gloucester]. To be held at the town (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 348–9). VCH provides no further evidence for the fair and suggests that if established, it had fallen into disuse by 1539 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 12).
F (Charter) vf, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 3 Sept 1394 by K Ric II to P and C of St Mary and St John the Baptist of Lanthony [priory of Llanthony Secunda, by Gloucester]. To be held at the town (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 348–9). VCH provides no further evidence for the fair and suggests that if established, it had fallen into disuse by 1539 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 12).

ASHLEY 3931 1947. Transferred from Wiltshire to Gloucestershire in 1931 (Guide, i, p. 162). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Ashley and Poole Keynes, Gloucestershire (q.v.) were valued together at 46 (Glasscock, p. 337).
M (Charter) Sun; gr 28 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Henry de Urtiaco (CChR, 1300–26, p. 44). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 28 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Henry de Urtiaco (CChR, 1300–26, p. 44). To be held at the manor.

BEACHLEY 3551 1911. See also VCH Gloucestershire, x, pp. 64, 73.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 13 May 1294, by Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk to John ap Adam. To be held at the manor (I.H. Jeayes ed., Descriptive Catalogue of the Charters and Muniments in the possession of the Rt. Hon. Lord Fitzhardinge at Berkeley Castle (Bristol, 1892) no. 459). There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 73).
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret the virgin (20 Jul); gr 13 May 1294, by Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk to John ap Adam. To be held at the manor (I.H. Jeayes ed., Descriptive Catalogue of the Charters and Muniments in the possession of the Rt. Hon. Lord Fitzhardinge at Berkeley Castle (Bristol, 1892) no. 459). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 73).

BERKELEY 3683 1993. Borough 1190x1200 (BF, p. 111). Mint 1042–66. 1334 Subsidy 53.77. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1086, forum. Seventeen men were living in the market in 1086 (Darby, p. 369). In 1153, Henry duke of Aquitaine [later K Hen II] granted Robert fitz Harding the manor with a free market on a day of his choosing and his own mint (Regesta, iii, nos. 310, 311). It seems that the mint at Berkeley was not revived. On 27 Sept 1189, K Ric I granted Robert, son of Maurice de Berkelai a free market to be held on whatever day of the week he wished, just as the charter of Henry his father granted it to Robert fitz Harding. Market recorded in 1287, when it was held on Mon (QW, p. 256). The charter of K Ric I was confirmed by K Edw III to Thomas de Berkele on 8 Jun 1330 (CChR, 1327–41, pp. 178–9).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria recorded 1287, held by Thomas de Berkle (QW, p. 256).
F (Prescriptive) Mon in Pentecost week (Easter dep); feria recorded 1287, held by Thomas de Berkle (QW, p. 256).
F (Charter) vf, Invention of the Cross (3 May); gr 16 Feb 1396, by K Ric II to Thomas, lord of Berkeley (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 352). To be held at the town.

BEVERSTON 3862 1940. 1334 Subsidy 77.06.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 10 Jun 1292, by K Edw I to John ab Adam and Elizabeth his wife (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 428). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 10 Jun 1292, by K Edw I to John ab Adam and Elizabeth his wife (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 428). To be held at the manor.

BITTON 3682 1693. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Bitton and Hanham court were jointly assessed at 92.50 (Glasscock, p. 94).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 2 Mar 1231, by K Hen III to William de Putot (CChR, 1226–57, p. 130). Mandate to the sh of Gloucestershire to read the charter in the full session of the county court and to cause it to be held, 5 Mar 1231 (CR, 1227–31, p. 482). On 24 Nov 1220, Robert de Amenevill gave 5m. for a Tues market, to be held until the king came of age (C 60/14 m.5). However, in 1221 it was recorded that Robert de Amenevill ought not to be summoned for the 5m. he owed for a Tues market, because he did not have the market, nor was he able to have it for what he promised (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 237).

BLOCKLEY 4164 2350. Borough: the borough or burgesses were mentioned in a court roll in Worcester Cathedral library (Ex info C. Dyer). 1334 Subsidy 42.75. Transferred from Worcestershire to Gloucestershire in 1931 (Guide, i, p. 165). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 472). See also VCH Worcestershire, iii, p. 271.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for medieval market.
F (Grant: other) vf, Michael (29 Sept); feria, gr 20 Oct 1224, by K Hen III to bp of Worcester. To be held until the king came of age (C 60/20 m. 1). On 23 Dec 1239, K Hen III granted Walter, bp of Worcester a fair on 3+vf Michaelmas (CChR, 1226–57, p. 248). On 7 May 1270, K Hen III granted Godfrey, bp of Worcester, a fair at the manor of Blockley on 3+vfm Michael (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 139) Fair recorded c.1282 (M. Hollings ed., The Red Book of Worcester, Worcestershire Historical Society (1939) iii, p. 312).
F (Prescriptive) vfm+5, Matthew (21 Sept); recorded 15 Feb 1286, held by G. bp of Worcester. Held at the manor. On 15 Feb 1286, K Edw I granted that the fair be extended to another eight days, at the request of G bp of Worcester (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 329). According to VCH, the fairs on Matthew and Michaelmas were joined by this grant (VCH Worcestershire, iii, p. 271).

BRIMPSFIELD 3942 2128. 1334 Subsidy 24.89. See also VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 146.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 18 May 1354, by K Edw III to Lionel, the king’s son. To be held at the town (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 140). There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 146).
F (Charter) vf, Corpus Christi (Easter dep); gr 18 May 1354, by K Edw III to Lionel, the king’s son. To be held at the town (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 140). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 146).

BRISTOL 3588 1732. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 111; Darby, p. 365). Mint c.979–1154. 1334 Subsidy 2200. Bristol’s identity as a commercial centre is first clearly apparent in the early eleventh century with its emergence as a minting centre. The town grew rapidly thereafter, especially during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. It was identified as a borough in 1086. The main market appears to have occupied the streets within the defended area between the rivers Avon and Frome in the vicinity of the church of St Mary le Port. The fairs seem to have occupied a site to the east of this enclosure and the castle. Suburban expansion during the twelfth century was remarkable. See the entries for Redwick, Gloucestershire and Redcliff, Somerset (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 25 Jan, 25 Jul (Harrison, pp. 392, 395).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1147x83, forum, when the earl of Gloucester authenticated a grant of land in the market of Bristol (R.B. Patterson ed., Earldom of Gloucester Charters (Oxford, 1973), no. 151). Market recorded on 7 Feb 1218 (RLC, i, p. 351b). In 1222, the market was said to be damaged by that at Redwick, Gloucestershire (q.v.) (RLC, i, p. 499b). Market held by the burgesses of the lord king mentioned in Aug 1234, when it was being damaged by that at Marshfield, Gloucestershire (q.v.) (CR, 1231–4, p. 499; CRR, xv, no. 1084).
F (Prescriptive) Michaelmas (29 Sept); recorded 1121–2x1147, when Earl Robert of Gloucester granted to Tewkesbury abbey the tithe of the rents of the cellars of his fair at Bristol (R.B. Patterson ed., Earldom of Gloucester Charters (Oxford, 1973), no. 283). This was the Michaelmas fair, since in c.1150–83 Earl William ordered that the M of Tewkesbury were to have the tithes of his vill of Bristol and of his Michaelmas fair there (R.B. Patterson ed., Earldom of Gloucester Charters (Oxford, 1973), no. 180). Property in the Michaelmas fair is recorded in 1171x83 (R.B. Patterson ed., Earldom of Gloucester Charters (Oxford, 1973), no. 28). This fair probably occupied the same site as the Pentecost fair, in the district of the town known as ‘the fair’ to the east of the castle (R.B. Patterson ed., Earldom of Gloucester Charters (Oxford, 1973), nos. 3, 10, 31, 71; M.D. Lobel and E.M. Carus-Wilson, The Atlas of Historic Towns, ii (1975), p. 8). The Michaelmas fair may have been the earlier of the two twelfth-century fairs.
F (Charter) Pentecost (Easter dep); recorded c.1150–63, when Earl William of Gloucester granted his fair at Bristol in Pentecost week to the ch of St James Bristol (R.B. Patterson ed., Earldom of Gloucester Charters (Oxford, 1973), no. 35). In 1287, the A of Tewkesbury claimed the fair on the grounds that Earl William had granted it to the abbey’s cell at Bristol at the ch of St James and that K Hen II had confirmed the grant (QW, p. 246). Bristol St James’s priory was founded by Robert, earl of Gloucester c.1137; it was dependant on Tewkesbury abbey (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 52).
F (Charter) vf+13, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 19 Feb 1255, by K Hen III to Edward, the king’s son (CChR, 1226–57, p. 442). To be held in the town.
F (Charter) f+9, Trans of Edward king and martyr (20 Jun); gr on 14 Dec 1462 by K Edw IV to mayor, commonalty and burgesses of Bristol (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 163).
There are references to unidentified fairs in 1184, 1185 (when more than one fair is implied), 1195–7, 1199 and 1201 (PR, 30 Hen II, p. 111; PR, 31 Hen II, p. 154; PR, 7 Ric I, p. 182; Chancellor’s Roll, 8 Ric I, p. 108; PR, 9 Ric I, p. 127; PR, 1 John, p. 27; PR, 3 John, p. 53; RCh, p. 3). An unidentified fair was also referred to in 1232, when K Hen III granted to the P and Ca of Bradenstoke various gifts made to them, including that by David son of Robert de Morton of all his land in the fair of Bristol (CChR, 1226–57, p. 161). These could be references to either the Michaelmas or the Pentecost fair.

CHELTENHAM 3945 2224. Borough 1307 (BF, p. 112). 1334 Subsidy 71.45. This value relates to part of the liberty of Cheltenham; Glasscock suggests it relates to the town itself (Glasscock, p. 91 n.8). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

CHIPPING CAMPDEN 4155 2395. Borough 1153x81, and see below (BF, p. 112). 1334 Subsidy 255. The value for Chipping Campden in the 1334 Lay Subsidy may also include the values for Broad Campden and Westington (Glasscock, p. 94 n. 1). Ranulph, earl of Chester’s sister, Mabel, married William, earl of Arundel; their daughter Nicola married Roger de Somery (GEC, xii, p. 113). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 16 Apr 1249, forum, when K Hen III ratified grants made by Hugh de Gundevill (earl of Chester from 1153 until 1181) and Ranulph, earl of Chester (earl from 1181 until 1232) to the burgesses of Chipping Campden, that they and all comers to the market of Campden should be free of toll (G. Barraclough ed., The Charters of the Anglo-Norman Earls of Chester, c.1071–1237, Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire 126 (Gloucester, 1988), no. 405).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 30 Jul 1247, by K Hen III to Roger de Somery (CChR, 1226–57, p. 325).
F (Letter Close) f+2, James the Apostle (25 Jul); feria gr 8 May 1218, by K Hen III to R[anulph] earl of Chester and Lincoln. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Gloucestershire to cause him to have it. (RLC, i, p. 361). This fair was not limited ‘until the king came of age’ and therefore may not have ceased in 1227.
F (Charter) vf+2, James (25 Jul); gr 30 Jul 1247, by K Hen III to Roger de Somery (CChR, 1226–57, p. 325).
F (Charter) vfm, George (23 Apr); gr 26 May 1360, by K Edw III to Richard de Stafford (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 166). To be held at the manor.

CHIPPING SODBURY 3728 1823. Borough 1232. The borough of Chipping Sodbury was created in the parish of Old Sodbury, perhaps as early as 1218, although it is first mentioned in 1232. Chipping Sodbury was represented separately at the assize in 1221 (Beresford, p. 441). It was not separately assessed in the 1334 Lay Subsidy; Old Sodbury was assessed at 60 (Glasscock, p. 102). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 12 Aug 1218, by K Hen III to William Crassus, the elder (RLC, i, p. 368). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Gloucestershire to cause him to have it.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 24 May 1227, by K Hen III to William Crassus, the elder, kn (CChR, 1226–57, p. 43). Order to sh of Gloucestershire regarding the market, 5 Jun 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 188b).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 6 Nov 1270, by K Hen III to William de Weylaund. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 156). It is possible that this was to replace the right to a Mon market granted in 1218.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 15 Nov 1280, by K Edw I to Thomas de Weyland. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 236). It is possible that this was to replace the right to a Thurs market granted in 1227.
F (Charter) f+7, John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 24 May 1227, by K Hen III to William Crassus, the elder, kn (CChR, 1226–57, p. 43). Order to sh of Gloucestershire regarding the fair, 5 Jun 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 188b).
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 6 Nov 1270, by K Hen III to William de Weylaund (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 156). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 15 Nov 1280, by K Edw I to Thomas de Weyland. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 236). It is possible that this was to replace the right to the fair granted in 1218. This was presumably the fair on John the Baptist recorded on 20 Dec 1375, held by Edward le Despenser, kn, lately deceased (CIPM, xiv, p. 219).
F (Prescriptive) f, Ascension (Easter dep); recorded 20 Dec 1375, held by Edward le Despenser, kn, lately deceased (CIPM, xiv, p. 219).

CHURCHDOWN 3876 2206. 1334 Subsidy 17.50.
F (Charter) vfm, Bartholomew the apostle (24 Aug); gr 26 Apr 1252, by K Hen III to Walter, archbp of York. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 386). In 1287, the archbp of York claimed a fair by a charter of K Hen III (QW, p. 253).

CIRENCESTER 4023 2021. Borough 1133 or later (BF, p. 112). 1334 Subsidy 250. Roman city and possibly a British political centre in the sixth century. Before 1066, Cirencester had a minster ch with canons, traditionally founded in the ninth century. There was presumably a market there long before 1086, when the ‘new market’ is mentioned. The new and well- endowed Augustinian abbey was begun in 1117. A royal charter attributed to 1133, but elaborated later, mentions burgesses at Cirencester (Regesta, ii, no. 1782; C.D. Ross ed., The Cartulary of Cirencester Abbey Gloucestershire (Oxford, 1964), i, pp. 21–4). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 21 Oct (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, described as the novum forum, which rendered 20s. (Darby, p. 369).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Fri; recorded 1189x99, held by A and C of Cirencester. The A and C had held the manor of Cirencester with its appurtenances since it was granted to them by K Ric I and then confirmed by K John. Since that time, they had held the markets. On 20 Sept 1343, K Edw III granted the A and C the market by charter (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 23). It is possible that this was the same market noted in 1086.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Mon; recorded 1188x99, held by A and C of Cirencester. The A and C had held the manor of Cirencester with its appurtenances since it was granted to them by K Ric I and then confirmed by K John. Since that time, they had held the markets. On 20 Sept 1343, K Edw III granted the A and C the market by charter (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 23). It is possible that this was the same market noted in 1086.
F (Charter) vfm+5, Trans of Thomas the martyr (7 Jul); gr 21 Jun 1253, by K Hen III to A and C of Cirencester (CChR, 1226–57, p. 435). To be held at the manor.
A market was recorded in 1211 (CRR, vi, p. 137). It is not clear which of the markets noted above this related to.

DEERHURST 3870 2298. As a hundredal centre with an important church from perhaps the seventh century, Deerhurst may have been a centre of authority and commerce long before the Norman Conquest. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Deerhurst was assessed twice: once on its own, as part of Deerhurst hundred, when it was valued at 18; and once with seven other places in Westminster hundred, which were valued together at 280 (Glasscock, pp. 99–100). See also VCH Gloucestershire, viii, p. 43.
F (Charter) vfm, Invention of the Cross (3 May); gr 8 Apr 1318, by K Edw II to P and C of Deerhurst (CChR, 1300–26, p. 406). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Exaltation of the Cross (14 Sept); gr 8 Apr 1318, by K Edw II to P and C of Deerhurst (CChR, 1300–26, p. 406). To be held at the manor.
Unspecified fairs were held in 1419. They continued in the sixteenth century, but may have been small, as their profits were not mentioned at the Dissolution. A fair was noted in 1655, although by c.1700 it was in decline. The fairs had fallen into disuse by 1779 (VCH Gloucestershire, viii, p. 43).

DURSLEY 3757 1981. Borough 1164x89 (BF, p. 112). 1334 Subsidy 56.56. Burgessess are mentioned in 1287. Manor held by the Berkeley family. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

DYMOCK 3701 2312. Borough 1216x72 (BF, p. 113). 1334 Subsidy 88.25. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, the part of Dymock that was ancient demesne in the liberty of Barton Regis (King’s Barton, Gloucestershire (q.v.)), was assessed at 88.25; another part of Dymock, in Botloe hundred, was valued at 56.25, being taxed at a fifteenth (Glasscock, pp. 91, 95).
M (Letter Close) Tues; mercatum, gr 30 Jul 1222, by K Hen III (RLC, i, p. 507). To be set up on the royal manor, until the king came of age.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1287, mercatum, held by William de Grandisono (QW, p. 259). William claimed a market, no details of which were given.
F (Letter Close) vfm, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); feria gr 30 Jul 1222, by K Hen III (RLC, i, p. 507). To be set up on the royal manor, until the king came of age.

ENGLISH BICKNOR 3581 2158. 1334 Subsidy 33.75. See also VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 111.
M (Charter) Mon; mercatum, gr 9 Nov 1200, by K John to Ralph de Avenel. To be held at the town of Bicknor (RCh, p. 79). There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 111).

FAIRFORD 4152 2012. Borough 1183x97 (BF, p. 113; BF, supplement, p. 62). 1334 Subsidy 174.50. Settlement was established at a ford over the river Coln by the mid ninth century. A grant of a burgage in the burgus of Fairford was recorded in 1183x97. Fairford was described as a market town by Leland in the 1540s (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, pp. 71, 79; R.B. Patterson ed., Earldom of Gloucester Charters (Oxford, 1973), no. 2). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). See also VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 79.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded c.1122x47, held by Robert, earl of Gloucester (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 79). Earl Robert died in 1147 (GEC, v, p. 686). In 1287, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford claimed a market from time out of mind; no further details were given (QW, p. 253).
M (Grant: other) Tues and Fri; gr 1100x35, by K Hen I to Remphrey. Remphrey was a falconer. According to VCH, this grant was made after Robert, earl of Gloucester levied tolls in the market (for which see above). Market may have fallen into disuse by 1672 (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 79).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1287, held by Gilbert de Clare earl of Gloucester and Hertford, who claimed a fair from time immemorial; no further details were given (QW, p. 253).
F (Prescriptive) James (25 Jul); recorded 1307. Fair on feast of James also recorded in 1327 (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 79). On 20 Dec 1375, a fair was recorded on feast of James held by Edward le Despenser, kn, lately deceased (CIPM, xiv, p. 219). It is possible that this was the same fair as that recorded in 1287.
F (Prescriptive) Ascension (Easter dep); recorded 20 Dec 1375, held by Edward le Despenser, kn, lately deceased (CIPM, xiv, p. 219). It is possible that this was the same fair as that recorded in 1287.

FRAMPTON COTTERELL 3668 1820. 1334 Subsidy 40.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 12 Jun 1285, by K Edw I to Maud Walerand. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 319). In 1287, Matilda Waleraund claimed the market by right of the charter (QW, p. 254).
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); gr 12 Jun 1285, by K Edw I to Maud Walerand. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 319). In 1287, Matilda Waleraund claimed the fair by right of the charter (QW, p. 254).

FRAMPTON UPON SEVERN 3743 2069. Borough 1308–9, when Robert fitz Payn proposed to make a new borough here (BF, p. 113). 1334 Subsidy 27. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). See also VCH Gloucestershire, x, pp. 144, 151.
M (Charter) Sat; mercatum, gr 15 Oct 1254, by K Hen III to Hugh de Clifforde de Frampton (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4227; CPR, 1247–58, p. 346).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 4 Jan 1311, by K Edw II to Robert son of Payn. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 167). VCH provides no further evidence for the market in the medieval period. In c.1703, it was stated that the market was no longer held (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 151).
F (Charter) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria gr 15 Oct 1254, by K Hen III to Hugh de Clifforde de Frampton (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4227; CPR, 1247–58, p. 346). In the absence of other evidence, the date of the fair is assumed to relate to the nativity, rather than the decollation, of John the Baptist. VCH provides no further evidence for the fair (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 151).
F (Charter) vf+3, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 4 Jan 1311, by K Edw II to Robert son of Payn. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 167). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 151).

GLOUCESTER 3832 2187. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 113). Mint before 924–939, 970s–1154. 1334 Subsidy 540.75. Roman colony. Probably a significant urban or defensive centre in the sixth and seventh centuries and then a political and ecclesiastical centre, with a mint from the early tenth century. It appears to have prospered in the later tenth and eleventh centuries, becoming the head of a shire by 1016. Described as a borough and civitas in Domesday Book; it had at least 300 burgesses. Just outside the city, there appears to have been a pre-Conquest royal residence at King’s Barton, Gloucestershire (q.v.) (otherwise known as Kingsholm) (C. Heighway, ‘Saxon Gloucester’ in J. Haslam ed., Anglo- Saxon Towns in Southern England (Chichester, 1984), pp. 359–83; BF, p. 113; Darby, p. 365). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 24 Jun (Harrison, p. 394). See also VCH Gloucestershire, iv, pp. 259–61 .
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1202, forum (PR, 4 John, p. 173). From at least the mid thirteenth century onwards, Wed and Sat were the market days. This continued until the twentieth century (VCH Gloucestershire, iv, p. 259).
F (Charter) vf+5, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 24 Oct 1302, by K Edw I to burgesses of Gloucester (CChR, 1300–26, p. 29). Fair was later held for one day only. After the calendar change in the late eighteenth century, it was held on 5 Jul (VCH Gloucestershire, iv, p. 261).

GUITING POWER 4094 2248. 1334 Subsidy 25.75.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 13 Sept 1330, by K Edw III to Pancius de Controne, the king’s leech (CChR, 1327–41, p. 190). To be held at the manor. As the grant does not mention the heirs of Pancius, it may have only been a life grant.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of the Virgin (8 Sept); gr 13 Sept 1330, by K Edw III to Pancius de Controne, the king’s leech (CChR, 1327–41, p. 190). To be held at the manor. As the grant does not mention the heirs of Pancius, it may have only been a life grant.

HAILES 4050 2300.
M (Grant: other) Wed; mercatum, gr 7 May 1220, by K Hen III to A and M of Hailes, who gave a palfrey for the market (C 60/12 m.5). On 28 Oct 1221, A of Hailes was pardoned the fine of a palfrey he made for the Wed market and fair (RLC, i, p. 477).
F (Grant: other) vf, Denis (9 Oct); feria gr 1216x28 Oct 1221, by K Hen III to A of Hailes. On 28 Oct 1221, the A of Hailes was pardoned the fine of a palfrey he made for the fair and the market (RLC, i, p. 477).

HAWKSBURY 3768 1869. 1334 Subsidy 13.75.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 24 Nov 1252, by K Hen III to Elerius, A of Persor and the C [Pershore abbey]. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 410). On 1 Jul 1253, the day of the market was changed from Mon to Sat. Mandate to the sh of Gloucester to proclaim the market and cause it to be held (CR, 1251–3, p. 382).
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 24 Nov 1252, by K Hen III to Elerius, A of Persor and the C [Pershore abbey] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 410). To be held at the manor.

KEMPSFORD 4162 1966. 1334 Subsidy 170.75. See also VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 103.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 10 Apr 1243, by K Hen III to Patrick de Chaurces. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Gloucester to cause the market to be proclaimed and held (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 933; CPR, 1232–47, p. 372). There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 103).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 4 Aug 1267, by K Hen III to Payn de Chawrth. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 79). Granted again by K Hen III to Payn de Chaworth on 22 Oct 1268 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 113). There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 103).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria gr 10 Apr 1243, by K Hen III to Patrick de Chaurces. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Gloucester to cause the fair to be proclaimed and held (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 933; CPR, 1232–47, p. 372). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 103).
F (Charter) vfm, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 4 Aug 1267, by K Hen III to Payn de Chawrth. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 79). Granted again by K Hen III to Payn de Chaworth on 22 Oct 1268 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 113). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 103).

KING’S BARTON 3841 2179. King’s Barton was a large royal estate and hundred surrounding Gloucester, Gloucestershire (q.v.), said in 1086 to belong to the hall at Kingsholm. By the thirteenth century, the site of the manor of King's Barton was in Barton Street in this suburb outside the east gate of Gloucester. The exact location of the manor, where the market was presumably held, is not known. The grid reference relates to a site in Barton Street (VCH Gloucestershire, iv, fig. 16, pp. 390–2). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, the liberty of King’s Barton was assessed at 82.54. This probably represents the assessment of twelve places (Glasscock, p. 91). See also VCH Gloucestershire, iv, pp. 261–2.
F (Charter) vfm, Lambert the bp (17 Sept); gr 15 Jun 1465, by K Edw IV to Richard A of St Peter’s, Gloucester [Gloucester abbey]. To be held at the manor of Barton Regis (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 206). This became the most notable fair in Gloucestershire. It continued until 1752, when the date was changed to 28 Sept. This fair continued until 1904 (VCH Gloucestershire, iv, pp. 261–2).

KING’S STANLEY 3810 2041. Borough 1295 (BF, p. 113). 1334 Subsidy 32.50. See also VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 253.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 3 Jan 1253, by K Hen III to Adam le Despenser son of Thurstan le Despenser. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 414). In 1287, Adam le Despenser claimed a Tues market by right of the charter (QW, p. 242). Other than a possible reference in 1497, there is no further evidence for the market (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 253).
F (Charter) vfm, George (23 Apr); gr 3 Jan 1253, by K Hen III to Adam le Despenser son of Thurstan le Despenser. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 414). In 1287, Adam le Despenser claimed a fair on vfm Gregory (12 Mar) by right of the charter (QW, p. 242). Presumably this is the result of a scribal error. There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 253).

LECHLADE 4215 1995. Borough c.1235 (BF, p. 114). 1334 Subsidy 155.64. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). See also VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 117.
M (Grant: other) Tues; mercatum, gr 1 May 1210, by K John to Roger de Mortuo Mari and Isabelle his wife (CPR, 1396–9, pp. 384–5). Market recorded in 1270 (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 117). On 4 Jul 1398, K Ric II granted the market to Elizabeth, countess of Kent, now lady of the town of Lechlade (CPR, 1396–9, pp. 384–5). The market was in decline in the later middle ages, when no returns for its tolls are recorded in the reeves’ accounts (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 117).
F (Grant: other) f+2, Lawrence (10 Aug); feria gr 1 May 1210, by K John to Roger de Mortuo Mari and Isabelle his wife (CPR, 1396–9, pp. 384–5). Fair recorded in 1270 (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 117). On 4 Jul 1398, K Ric II granted the fair to Elizabeth, countess of Kent, now lady of the town of Lechlade (CPR, 1396–9, pp. 384–5). It was in decline in the fifteenth century. The date of the fair was not changed after the calendar change. It fell into disuse in the late eighteenth century (VCH Gloucesteshire, vii, p. 117).
F (Charter) vf+3, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 3 Apr 1234, by K Hen III to P and brothers of the bridge of Lechlade [Lechlade priory of St John the Baptist]. To be held at the bridge. Mandate to the sh of Gloucestershire to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held (CR, 1231–4, p. 398). Fair continued into the eighteenth century; after the calendar change it was held on 9 Sept. This fair continued until the early twentieth century (VCH Gloucestershire, vii, p. 117).

LEONARD STANLEY 3802 2032. 1334 Subsidy 18. Leonard Stanley declined in importance as a trading centre in the seventeenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 259). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). See also VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 263.
M (Prescriptive) VCH states that there was a Sat Market, said by Atkyns (R. Atkyns, The Ancient and Preserved State of Gloucestershire (London, 1718)) to have been established in K Edw II’s reign, but provides no evidence until 1620 (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 263).
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1418 (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 263). Fair may have been established in the early fourteenth century.
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1418 (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 263). Fair may have been established in the early fourteenth century.

LYDNEY 3633 2025. Borough 1322 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 52). 1334 Subsidy 84. See also VCH Gloucestershire, v, pp. 52, 77.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 6 Nov 1268, by K Hen III to William de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 114). It is not clear how long the market survived, as by the early eighteenth century, the day of the market had been changed to Wed and it had fallen into disuse (VCH Gloucestershire, v, pp. 52, 77).

MARSHFIELD 3782 1737. Borough 1397 (BF, p. 114). 1334 Subsidy 270. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 13 Oct (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Grant: other) Tues; mercatum, gr 17 Jan 1234, by K Hen III to A and C of Kaynesham [A and C of Keynsham]. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Gloucestershire to read the charter in full session of the county court and proclaim the market and cause it to be held (CR, 1231–4, p. 369). On 16 Aug 1234, the sh of Gloucestershire was ordered to prohibit the market, as an enquiry ordered by the king found that it was detrimental to that at Bristol, Gloucestershire (q.v.) (CR, 1231–4, p. 499). In Aug 1234, by the counsel of the curia regis, the market was levelled, as it was detrimental to that held by the burgesses of the king at Bristol (CRR, xv, no. 1084). Mandate to the sh of Somerset regarding the fine of 100s. that the A had made for the market (CR, 1231–4, p. 502). In October 1234 the K informed the barons of the Exchequer that A of Keynsham was quit of the fine (C 60/33, m. 1).
M (Grant: other) Tues; gr 8 Nov 1265, by K Hen III to A and C of Keynsham (QW, p. 248). The text of the charter has not survived. The A of Marshfield cited it in a quo warranto case in 1287, in which he claimed the market by reason of the charter.
M (Charter) Fri, gr 5 Jul 1462, by K Edw IV to A and C of the house and ch of St Mary, Kaynnysham, Somerset [A and C of Keynsham] (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 185). To be held in the town.
F (Grant: other) vfm, Oswald the martyr (5 Aug); feria gr 17 Jan 1234, by K Hen III to A and C of Kaynesham [A and C of Keynsham]. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 185). Mandate to the sh of Gloucestershire to read the charter in full session of the county court and proclaim the fair and cause it to be held (CR, 1231–4, p. 369). On 8 Nov 1265, K Hen III granted the A and C of Keynsham a fair on vfm Oswald. The A cited this charter when he claimed the fair in a quo warranto case in 1287 (QW, p. 248).
F (Charter) f, Philip and James (1 May); gr 5 Jul 1462, by K Edw IV to A and C of the house and ch of St Mary, Kaynnysham, Somerset [A and C of Keynsham] (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 185). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) f, Edward, king and confessor (13 Oct); gr 5 Jul 1462, by K Edw IV to A and C of the house and ch of St Mary, Kaynnysham, Somerset [A and C of Keynsham] (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 185). To be held at the town.

MILBURY HEATH 3669 1898.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1287, mercatum, held by Thomas de Weylaund, Margaret his wife and Richard their son (QW, p. 264). The roll is damaged here, but it appears that they claimed the market by a charter, which they did not produce.
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1287, held by Thomas de Weylaund, Margaret his wife and Richard their son (QW, p. 264). The roll is damaged here, but it appears that they claimed the fair by a charter, which they did not produce.

MINCHINHAMPTON 3872 2008. Borough c.1306 (BF, p. 114; M. Chibnall ed., Charters and Custumals of the Abbey of Holy Trinity Caen, Records of Social and Economic History, ns v (London, 1982), pp. 128, 135). 1334 Subsidy 72.19. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). See also VCH Gloucestershire, xi, pp. 199–200.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 22 Sept 1269, by K Hen III to As and N of Caen. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 124). Market granted again in 1565 (VCH Gloucestershire, xi, pp. 199–200).
F (Charter) vf+3, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 22 Sept 1269, by K Hen III to As and N of Caen. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 124). Fair recorded in 1307. Fair on Trinity Mon granted in 1565 (VCH Gloucestershire, xi, pp. 199–200).

MITCHELDEAN 3663 2185. 1334 Subsidy 35. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). See also VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 187.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 5 May 1328, by K Edw III to Reginald de Abbenhale, John Esger and Joan his wife, daughter and heir of William de Dene and their heirs. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 84). Market was discontinued in 1861 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, pp. 187–8).
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 5 May 1328, by K Edw III to Reginald de Abbenhale, John Esger and Joan his wife, daughter and heir of William de Dene and their heirs. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 84). Fair recorded in 1675. The date of the fair changed to 10 Oct after the calendar change in 1752. This fair lapsed by 1870 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, pp. 187–8).

MORETON IN THE MARSH 4206 2322. Borough fifteenth century. In 1273, there was a court called a portmote (BF, p. 114). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Moreton in the Marsh was assessed jointly with five other places at 232.50 (Glasscock, p. 99). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). See also VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 244.
M (Letter Close) Tues; mercatum, gr 1 Dec 1226, by K Hen III to A of Westminster. To be held at the manor until the king came of age. ‘Fri’ has been crossed out and replaced with Tues (RLC, ii, p. 159b). On 8 Jan 1227, K Hen III conceded to the A of Westminster that the Fri market previously conceded to him to be held until the king came of age would henceforth be held on Tues (RLC, ii, p. 165). On 12 Feb 1228, K Hen III granted Richard, A of Westminster a Tues market at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 67). Mandate to sh of Gloucestershire, 17 Feb 1228 (CR, 1227–31, p. 21). On 22 May 1241, K Hen III granted the A and M of Westminster a Sat market at their manor, in lieu of the market formerly held there on Tues. On 24 Nov 1280, K Edw I inspected and confirmed this charter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 239). Market appears to have lapsed by the sixteenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, vi, p. 244).
F (Charter) vfm+3, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 21 Jan 1253, by K Hen III to A and C of Westminster. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 416). Fair appears to have lapsed by the sixteenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, vi, p. 244).

NEWENT 3723 2259. Borough 1298 (BF, p. 114). 1334 Subsidy 147.75. Cormeilles abbey, Normandy, had been granted the manor and ch of St Mary at Newent by 1086. In 1399, the manor was given to another grantee; in 1441 it was granted to Fotheringay college (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 90). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 15 Jun 1253, by K Hen III to A and C of Cormeilles. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 435). In 1276, it was stated that the P of Newent had a new market; it was not known by what warrant he held the market (RH, i, p. 183). In 1287, the A of Cormeleyes claimed the market by right of the charter (QW, p. 263).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 24 Jan 1313, by K Edw II to A and C of Cormeilles (CChR, 1300–26, p. 206). To be held at the manor.
F (Letter Close) vfm, Purification of Mary (2 Feb); feria gr 14 Aug 1226, by K Hen III to A of Cormeilles (RLC, ii, p. 132b). To be held at the manor until the king came of age.
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 15 Jun 1253, by K Hen III to A and C of Cormeilles. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 435). In 1287, the A of Cormeleyes claimed the fair by right of the charter (QW, p. 263).
F (Charter) vf+2, Philip and James (1 May); gr 24 Jan 1313, by K Edw II to A and C of Cormeilles (CChR, 1300–26, p. 206). To be held at the manor.

NEWLAND 3554 2094. 1334 Subsidy 38.33. See also VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 219.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 12 Oct 1426, mercatum. Huts and booths erected in the churchyard at festivals were ordered to be removed. This was apparently unsuccessful, as on 8 Feb 1439, the rectors of Newland and Mitcheldean were ordered to forbid buying and selling of all but victuals (A.T. Bannister ed., Registrum Thome Spofford episcopi Herefordensis, Canterbury and York series xxiii (London, 1919), pp. 96–7, 231). A Sun market was recorded in 1596 (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 219).

NEWNHAM 3691 2115. Borough 1187 (BF, p. 114). 1334 Subsidy 31.67. From the eleventh century until 1327, the manor was predominantly held by the king (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 36). In 1276, when Newnham was in the king’s hands, a new market (mercatum) was raised at ‘Northmede’ (RH, i, p. 182). This reference to ‘Northmede’ is recorded under the entry for Newnham in The Place-Names of Gloucestershire (A.H. Smith, The Place-Names of Gloucestershire (Cambridge, 1965), iii, p. 201). The market at ‘Northmede’ is not recorded in VCH. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). See also VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 41.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded late twelfth century, forum. Market was held on Fri in the late sixteenth century and in the early eighteenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, x, p. 41).

NEWPORT 3700 1977. Site of a chantry chapel founded by the lord of Berkeley, Gloucestershire (q.v.) in 1343 (H.P.R. Finberg, ‘The Genesis of Gloucestershire Towns’, in Gloucestershire Studies (Leicester University Press, 1957), p. 64).
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Thomas (7 Jul); gr 2 Dec 1348, by K Edw III to Thomas de Berkele (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 94). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vfm, Maurice (22 Sept); gr 2 Dec 1348, by K Edw III to Thomas de Berkele (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 94). To be held at the town.

NORTHLEACH 4112 2145. Borough c.1235 (BF, p. 114). 1334 Subsidy 43.98; this value is for Northleach within. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Grant: other) Wed; mercatum, gr 1219, by K Hen III to A of Gloucester, who gave 100s. for the market and fair (C 60/12 m.9). 1220, Nova Oblata: A of Gloucester owed 100s. for the market and the fair (PR, 4 Hen III, p. 79). On 15 Jan 1221, the sh of Gloucester was reprimanded for not proclaiming the Wed market at the A of Gloucester’s manor of Northleach (RLC, i, p. 435). On 22 Mar 1227, K Hen III granted the A and M of St Peter’s, Gloucester a Wed market (CChR, 1226–57, p. 30). Letter to sh of Gloucestershire regarding the market, 27 Mar 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 179b). On 27 Apr 1227, the sh of Gloucestershire was ordered to proclaim the market and cause it to be held without delay (RLC, ii, p. 183). In 1287, the A of Gloucester claimed the market by right of the charter (QW, p. 247). Market continued until c.1900 (VCH Gloucestershire, ix (forthcoming)).
F (Grant: other) vf, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); feria gr 1219, by K Hen III to A of Gloucester, who gave 100s. for the fair and market (C 60/12 m.9). 1220, Nova Oblata: A of Gloucester owed 100s. for the fair and the market (PR, 4 Hen III, p. 79). On 22 Mar 1227, K Hen III granted the A and M of St Peter’s, Gloucester a fair on vfm Peter and Paul (CChR, 1226–57, p. 30). Letter to sh of Gloucestershire regarding the fair, 27 Mar 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 179b). On 27 Apr 1227, the sh of Gloucestershire was ordered to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held without delay (RLC, ii, p. 183). In 1287, the A of Gloucester claimed the fair by right of the charter (QW, p. 247). Fair continued until the early eighteenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, ix (forthcoming)).

PAINSWICK 3867 2096. Borough 1324 (BF, p. 114). 1334 Subsidy 185.83. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). See also VCH Gloucestershire, xi, p. 79.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 8 Apr 1253, by K Hen III to Warin de Munchanesy. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 428). In 1287, William son of Warin de Monte Caniso, son of the grantee, claimed the market by reason of the charter (QW, p. 251).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 13 Apr 1321, by K Edw II to Aymer de Valencia, earl of Pembroke. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 435). Market was in decline in the early seventeenth century. It continued until the 1870s (VCH Gloucestershire, xi, p. 79).
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 8 Apr 1253, by K Hen III to Warin de Munchanesy. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 428). In 1287, William son of Warin de Monte Caniso, son of the grantee, claimed the fair by reason of the charter (QW, p. 251).
F (Charter) vf, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 13 Apr 1321, by K Edw II to Aymer de Valencia, earl of Pembroke. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 435). A September fair continued until the 1870s (VCH Gloucestershire, xi, p. 79).

POOLE KEYNES 4000 1955. Transferred from Wiltshire to Gloucestershire in 1897 (Guide, i, p. 541) In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Poole Keynes and Ashley, Gloucestershire (q.v.) were valued together at 46 (Glasscock, p. 337).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 20 Oct 1239, by K Hen III to William Lungespee (CChR, 1226–57, p. 247). To be held at La Pole.
F (Charter) vf+2, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 20 Oct 1239, by K Hen III to William Lungespee (CChR, 1226–57, p. 247). To be held at La Pole.

POULTON 4102 2011. 1334 Subsidy 12. Poulton was transferred from Wiltshire to Gloucestershire in 1832 (Guide, i, p. 546).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 5 Dec 1263, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Sancto Mauro (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 46).
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 5 Dec 1263, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Sancto Mauro (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 46).

PRESTBURY 3970 2238. Borough c.1285 (BF, p. 114). 1334 Subsidy 86. See also VCH Gloucestershire, viii, pp. 68, 76.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 14 Oct 1249, by K Hen III to P bp of Hereford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 345). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 18 Sept 1394, by K Ric II to John bp of Hereford (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 349). Market declined in the fifteenth century. It was revived in the early sixteenth century, but had fallen into disuse by c.1700 (VCH Gloucestershire, viii, p. 76).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 14 Oct 1249, by K Hen III to P bp of Hereford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 345). To be held at the manor.

PUCKLECHURCH 3700 1764. 1334 Subsidy 36.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 1 Sept 1284, by K Edw I to Robert, bp of Bath and Wells (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 276). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Philip and James (1 May); gr 1 Sept 1284, by K Edw I to Robert, bp of Bath and Wells (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 276). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 1 Sept 1284, by K Edw I to Robert, bp of Bath and Wells (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 276). To be held at the manor.

REDWICK 3549 1859. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Redwick was described as a hamlet; it was assessed jointly with Aust at 82.75 (Glasscock, p. 102).
M (Grant: other) Tues; mercatum, gr 1221, by K Hen III to Maurice de Gaunt. To be held until the king came of age. Maurice gave 100s. for the market and the fair (C 60/16 m.8). Nova Oblata: Maurice de Gand’ owed 100s. for the market and the fair (see below). To be held at the manor. Day of the market not given (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 237). On 14 Jun 1222, the sh of Gloucestershire was ordered to prohibit Maurice de Gaut’s market at the manor, which was damaging the town and market of Bristol, Gloucestershire (q.v.) (RLC, i, p. 499b).
F (Grant: other) vf, Luke (18 Oct); feria gr 1221, by K Hen III to Maurice de Gaunt. To be held until the king came of age. Maurice gave 100s. for the fair and the market (C 60/16 m.8). Nova Oblata: Maurice de Gand’ owed 100s. for fair and the market (see above). To be held at the manor. Feast of the fair not given (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 237).

ST BRIAVELS 3559 2046. Borough 1352 (BF, p. 114). Administrative centre of the Forest of Dean (H.P.R. Finberg, ‘The Genesis of Gloucestershire Towns’ in Gloucestershire Studies (Leicester University Press, 1957), p. 63). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, the liberty of St Briavels was assessed at 46.67; this probably included both St Briavels and Hewelsfield (Glasscock, p. 91, n.6). See also VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 267.
M (Letter Close) Sat; mercatum, gr 23 Mar 1208, by K John (RLC, i, p. 107). Notice to sh of Gloucestershire to cause the market to be held.
M (Letter Close) Tues; mercatum, gr 13 Aug 1232, by K Hen III. To be held at the manor. Mandate to sh of Gloucestershire to proclaim the market and cause it to be held (CR, 1231–4, p. 95). Day of market changed from Tues to Mon, 8 Oct 1232 (CR, 1231–4, p. 115). On 25 Feb 1309, the sh of Gloucestershire was ordered to proclaim that a Tues market would be held at the king’s manor in full session of the county court (CCR, 1307–13, p. 105). On 28 Jul 1318, the sh of Gloucestershire was ordered to proclaim a Tues market, to be held at the manor (CCR, 1318–22, p. 5). It appears that no market was held in the mid 1430s (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 267).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Michaelmas (29 Sept); gr 25 Feb 1309, by K Edw II. Mandate to the sh of Gloucestershire to proclaim in full session of the county court that the fair would be held at the king’s manor (CCR, 1307–13, p. 105). It appears that the fair was not being held in the mid 1430s (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 267).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 28 Jul 1318, by K Edw II. To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Gloucestershire to proclaim the fair (CCR, 1318–22, p. 5). It appears that the fair was not being held in the mid 1430s (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 267).
F (Prescriptive) Clement (23 Nov); recorded mid 1430s (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 267). The fair was claimed, but was apparently not being held.
F (Prescriptive) John before the Latin Gate (6 May); recorded mid 1430s. The fair was claimed, but was apparently not being held (VCH Gloucestershire, v, p. 267).

STAUNTON 3782 2293. 1334 Subsidy 33.38. Transferred from Worcestershire to Gloucestershire in 1931 (Guide, ii, p. 489). See also VCH Worcestershire, iv, p. 198.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 10 Apr 1347, by K Edw III to Robert de Staunton (CPR, 1345–8, p. 530). To be held at the manor.
F (Letter Patent) vf+2, James (25 Jul); gr 10 Apr 1347, by K Edw III to Robert de Staunton (CPR, 1345–8, p. 530). To be held at the manor.

STOW ON THE WOLD 4191 2258. Borough 1107 (BF, p. 115; Regesta, ii, p. 69). 1334 Subsidy 101.25. Site of Iron Age earthwork. The manor of Maugersbury was granted to Evesham abbey before the Conquest. In the early eleventh century, a ch dedicated to K Edward the Martyr was founded here. Like Shaftesbury, Dorset (q.v.), where K Edward the Martyr was buried, Stow on the Wold was known as Edwardstow (H.P.R. Finberg, ‘The Genesis of Gloucestershire Towns’ in Gloucestershire Studies (Leicester University Press, 1957), p. 65). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 1 May (Harrison, p. 393). See also VCH Gloucestershire, vi, pp. 152–3 .
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum, gr 1107, by K Hen I to ch of the Blessed Mary of Evesham, A and M [Evesham abbey]. K Hen I granted the abbey a ‘port and market’ (Regesta, ii, p. 69). Profits from the market were over 10 per annum in the early thirteenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, vi, p. 153). The market was granted by K Hen III to the ch of the Blessed Mary of Evesham, A and Mon on 3 Mar 1241 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 257). An agreement dating from 1243x54, between William de Beauchamp sh of Worcestershire and the A of Evesham, records the inspeximus by K Hen III of a charter of K Hen I granting a Thurs market at ‘Edwardstowe’ (E. Mason ed., Beauchamp Cartulary Charters, 1100–1268 (PR, ns 43, 1980) no. 58). On 9 Oct 1476, it was stated that the A and C held a Thurs market (CPR, 1476–85, p. 9). Thurs market continued until c.1900 (VCH Gloucestershire, vi, p. 153).
F (Charter) 3+f+3, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 1 Aug 1330, by K Edw III to A and C of Evesham. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 189). There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Gloucestershire, vi, p. 153).
F (Charter) 2+f+2, Philip and James (1 May); gr 9 Oct 1476, by K Edw IV to Richard, the A and the C of Evesham. To be held within the borough (CPR, 1476–85, p. 9). Date of the fair changed to 12 May after the calendar change; it continued in the mid twentieth century (VCH Gloucestershire, vi, p. 153).
F (Charter) 2+f+2, Trans of Edw the Confessor (13 Oct); gr 9 Oct 1476, by K Edw IV to Richard, the A and the C of Evesham. To be held within the borough (CPR, 1476–85, p. 9). Date of the fair changed to 24 Oct after the calendar change; it continued in the mid twentieth century (VCH Gloucestershire, vi, p. 153).

STROUD 3852 2052. A hamlet and chapelry of the manor of Bisley, which grew in economic importance during the later medieval period. By c.1600 it was a market town and had a fair. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 10 Aug (Harrison, p. 395).

TETBURY 3890 1930. Borough c.1200 created by William de Breuse (VCH Gloucestershire, xi, p. 257). 1334 Subsidy 128.67. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 22 Jul (Harrison, p. 394). See also VCH Gloucestershire, xi, pp. 272–3.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1287, mercatum, held by William de Breuse, who claimed the market from time immemorial (QW, p. 259). Market was held on Wed in mid sixteenth century. Market survived until the early twentieth century (VCH Gloucestershire, xi, pp. 272–3).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1287, held by William de Breuse (QW, p. 259). This may have been the same fair as that on the feast of Mary Magdalen.
F (Prescriptive) f, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); recorded 23 Jun 1350, held by Thomas de Brewes. K Edw III granted Thomas de Brewes an extension of the fair to 3+f+3 Mary Magdalene (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 120). On 22 May 1355, K Edw III granted Thomas de Brewouse an extension of the fair to vf+5 Mary Magdalene (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 143). Fair on Mary Magdalene recorded in the mid sixteenth century. Fair continued until at least the mid eighteenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, xi, p. 272).
A fair on Ash Wednesday was recorded from the mid sixteenth century until at least the mid eighteenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, xi, p. 272).

TEWKESBURY 3893 2325. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 116; Darby, p. 365). 1334 Subsidy 242.50. The markets and fairs were held by the lords of the manor. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 24 Feb; 24 Aug (Harrison, pp. 393, 395). See also VCH Gloucestershire, viii, p. 141.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum, held by Qu Matilda. The market which Qu Matilda established (quod regina constituit) rendered 11s. 8d. The market must therefore have been established since 1066 (Darby, p. 369). In 1287, Gilbert de Clare claimed a market from time out of mind; no further details were given (QW, p. 253).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1199, held by honor of Gloucester [at the time in the king’s hands] (PR, 1 John, p. 35). In 1287, Gilbert de Clare [earl of Gloucester] claimed a fair from time immemorial; no further details were given (QW, p. 253).
F (Charter) vf+8, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 24 Mar 1324, by K Edw II to Hugh le Despenser the younger. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 463). Acccording to VCH, the fair was superseded by those granted in 1441 (VCH Gloucestershire, viii, p. 141).
F (Charter) vf+6, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 8 Mar 1441, by K Hen VI to Henry, earl of Warwick, the king’s cousin. To be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 14). Fair continued until the calendar change of 1752; thereafter, it continued into the early nineteenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, viii, p. 141).
F (Charter) vf+6, Matthias the apostle (24 Feb); gr 8 Mar 1441 by K Hen VI to Henry, earl of Warwick, the king’s cousin, to be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 14). Fair continued until the calendar change of 1752; thereafter, it continued into the early nineteenth century (VCH Gloucestershire, viii, p. 141).

THORNBURY 3634 1906. Borough 1243x62 (BF, p. 116). 1334 Subsidy 75. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, forum. The market paid 20s. (Darby, p. 369). In 1287, Gilbert de Clare earl of Gloucester and Hertford claimed a market from time out of mind; no further details were given (QW, p. 253).
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); gr 20 Jul 1239, by K Hen III to Richard, count of Poitou and Cornwall, the king’s brother. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 244). This was presumably the fair that Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, claimed from time out of mind in 1287; no further details were given (QW, p. 253).

TOCKINGTON 3609 1865. 1334 Subsidy 32.50.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 10 Feb 1281, by K Edw I to Hugh Poinz. To be held at the manor. On 10 Feb 1281, K Edw I also granted Hugh Poinz a Mon market at the manor. However, this was vacated and apparently replaced with the Tues market (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 248). In 1287, Hugh de Poynz claimed a Tues market by right of the charter (QW, p. 263).
F (Charter) vfm, Nicholas the bp (6 Dec); gr 10 Feb 1281, by K Edw I to Hugh Poinz. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 248). In 1287, Hugh de Poynz claimed the fair by right of the charter (QW, p. 263).
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Nicholas (9 May); gr 10 Feb 1281, by K Edw I to Hugh Poinz. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 248). In 1287, Hugh de Poynz claimed the fair by right of the charter (QW, p. 263).

TORMARTON 3769 1788. 1334 Subsidy 75.
M (Grant: other) Fri; gr 4 Feb 1254, by K Hen III to Richard de Ryvere (CChR, 1327–41, p. 270). To be held at the manor.
F (Grant: other) vfm, Decollation of John (29 Aug); gr 4 Feb 1254, by K Hen III to Richard de la Ryvere (CChR, 1327–41, p. 270). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); feria gr 15 Apr 1254, by K Hen III to Richard de Riparia (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2543; CPR, 1247–58, p. 288). To be held at the manor.

TORTWORTH 3704 1933. 1334 Subsidy 27.50.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 28 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Nicholas de Kyngeston (CChR, 1300–26, p. 44). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Leonard (6 Nov); gr 28 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Nicholas de Kyngeston (CChR, 1300–26, p. 44). To be held at the manor.

WHITTINGTON 4013 2206. 1334 Subsidy 16.67.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 13 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Richard de Crupes (CChR, 1226–57, p. 473). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 13 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Richard de Crupes (CChR, 1226–57, p. 473). To be held at the manor.

WICKWAR 3724 1885. Borough 1545 (BF, p. 116). 1334 Subsidy 52.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 2 Jan 1285, by K Edw I to Roger la Warre. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 282). In 1287, Roger la Ware claimed the market by right of the charter (QW, p. 247).
F (Charter) f+2, Mon in Whit week (Easter dep); gr 2 Jan 1285, by K Edw I to Roger la Warre. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 282). In 1287, Roger la Ware claimed the fair by right of the charter (QW, p. 247).

WINCHCOMBE 4023 2282. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 116). Mint 970s–1100. 1334 Subsidy 106.67. Winchcombe was the capital of a shire for ten years, 1007–17. It was an important royal centre from the late eighth century, with a nunnery and an abbey. As an economic and administrative centre, it was at that time more significant than Cirencester, Gloucestershire (q.v.) (J. Whybra, A Lost County: Winchcombeshire in the tenth and eleventh centuries (Woodbridge, 1990), p. 10). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 17 Jul (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 27 Mar 1391, held by A and C of Winchcombe (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 321). Unspecified markets held in the town by the A and C of Winchcombe were also mentioned on 6 Feb 1392 and on 30 Nov 1452 (CCR, 1389–92, p. 446; CCR, 1447–54, p. 374).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1194 (PR, 6 Ric I, p. 231). An unspecified fair was noted in 1195, 1224 and 1254 (PR, 7 Ric I, p. 174; RLC, i, p. 610; CR, 1253–4, p. 80). Fairs held by A and C of Winchcombe at the town were mentioned on 27 Mar 1391, 6 Feb 1392 and on 30 Nov 1452 (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 321; CCR, 1389–92, p. 446; CCR, 1447–54, p. 374).

WINTERBOURNE 3641 1810. 1334 Subsidy 33.25.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 30 Jan 1393, by K Ric II to Blanche Bradeston (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 334). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 30 Jan 1393, by K Ric II to Blanche Bradeston (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 334). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 30 Jan 1393, by K Ric II to Blanche Bradeston (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 334). To be held at the manor.

WOTTON UNDER EDGE 3763 1932. Borough 1253 (BF, p. 117). 1334 Subsidy 60.03. The value from the 1334 Lay Subsidy is that for Wotton under Edge interior (Glasscock, p. 95). A reference to half a burgage in Nocton in 1199x1216, may refer to Wotton (BF, p. 117; H.P.R. Finberg, ‘The Genesis of Gloucestershire Towns’ in Gloucestershire Studies (Leicester University Press, 1957), p. 65). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 471). Fair 1587, 14 Sept (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 2 Aug 1252, by K Hen III to Joan de Berkele, for life and to Maurice de Berkele, her son and his heirs. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 401). In 1287, Thomas de Berkleye claimed a Fri market in the manor by a charter from K Hen III to Johanna de Berkley and Maurice her son (QW, p. 255).
F (Charter) vfm, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); gr 2 Aug 1252, by K Hen III to Joan de Berkele, for life and to Maurice de Berkele, her son and his heirs. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 401). In 1287, Thomas de Berkleye claimed a fair on vfm Holy Cross in the manor by a charter from K Hen III to Johanna de Berkley and Maurice her son (QW, p. 255).

YATE 3713 1828. 1334 Subsidy 143.56.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 8 Sept 1218, by K Hen III to Ralph de Wilitun (RLC, i, p. 370). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Gloucestershire to cause him to have it.

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