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Last updated: 17 November, 2006

NB: Additions since May 2004 in red. These updates/additions represent changes to the printed Gazetteer published in 2003 by the List and Index Society.

ALTON 4714 1390. Borough 1219 (M. Page, 'Medieval Alton: the origins of a market town', Alton Papers 7 (2003), 3-6; cf BF, p. 117). 1334 Subsidy 55. Pre-conquest royal manor. Alton was notably prosperous in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries (Page, 'Medieval Alton'). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, ii, p. 479.
M (Prescriptive: borough). The market recorded at Neatham (q.v.) in 1086 may have been held at Alton. Otherwise, the first record of a market at Alton is in 1232 and there are late thirteenth-century records of tolls and a pillory (Page, 'Medieval Alton').
F (Charter) vf+7, Whitsunday (Easter dep); gr 22 Nov 1320, by K Edw II to Edmund de Wodestock, the king’s brother (CChR, 1300–26, p. 434). To be held at the manor.

ANDOVER 4365 1458. Borough 1205 (BF, p. 117). 1334 Subsidy 199.96. Pre-conquest royal manor with a ch to which a Benedictine Priory was attached before 1086 (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 346). Merchant guild in 1175 (BF, p. 117). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 346.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1243, mercatum (CRR, xvii, no. 174).
F (Charter) v+3, Leonard (6 Nov); feria gr 29 May 1205, by K John to burgesses of Andover (RCh, p. 152). Cancelled because the charter was broken (fracta fuit).

BARTON STACEY 4434 1412. 1334 Subsidy 72.87. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 417.
M (Letter Close) Sat; mercatum, gr 5 Mar 1215, by K John to Emerico de Sacy. To be held at the manor (RLC, i, p. 189b). On 5 May 1221, the day of Emeric de Stacy’s market was changed from Sat to Fri (RLC, i, p. 455b). On 8 Oct 1241, K Hen III granted Eymery de Sacy that the day of his market would be changed from Sat to Fri. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 261).
F (Charter) vf, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 8 Oct 1241, by K Hen III to Eymery de Sacy (CChR, 1226–57, p. 261). To be held at the manor.

BASINGSTOKE 4637 1522. Borough 1236 (BF, p. 118). 1334 Subsidy 123. Pre-conquest royal manor. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, pp. 129, 133.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum. The market was worth 30s. in 1086 (Darby, p. 369). In 1203, the vill of Basingstoke owed 2m. so that the day of the market could be changed from Sun to Mon (PR, 5 John, p. 148). On 26 Jun 1214, the sh of Southampton was notified that the market which was accustomed to be held at Basingstoke would henceforth be held on Wed (RLC, i, p. 207). The previous day of the market is not given. Market, the day of which is not given, noted in 1234 (CRR, xv, no. 1100). Between 1267–8, it was claimed that the A of Wherwell’s market at Wherwell, Hampshire (q.v.) was damaging the king’s free market at Basingstoke (Abb Plac., pp. 163, 173). Wed market continued until the twentieth century (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 133).
F (Charter) Wed to Fri in Whit week (Easter dep); gr 16 May 1449, by K Hen VI to men of Basingstoke. To be held at the chapel of the Holy Ghost, from mid day on Wed to mid day on Fri (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 107). Fair continued until the late eighteenth century (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 133).
A charter of 1622 mentions a second fair, ‘of ancient date’, on f Michael the archangel (29 Sept). There is no further information for this fair (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 133).

BISHOP’S WALTHAM 4556 1176. 1334 Subsidy 30.50. An important estate of the bps of Winchester from the tenth century until 1551 and a site of one of their principal residences (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 277). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 278.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1273–4, held by bp of Winchester. In 1273–4, an inquisition noted that the markets of Bishop’s Waltham and Titchfield, Hampshire (q.v.), were damaging another, unspecified, market. The days of these markets were not given (RH, ii, p. 224). VCH speculates that the markets at Bishop’s Waltham and Titchfield were probably a joint market, held alternate weeks at either place and were discontinued after the inquisition (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 278).

BOARHUNT 4604 1085. See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 146.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 25 May 1303, by K Edw I to Richard de Boarhunte. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 41). No trace of the market survived in the twentieth century (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 146).
F (Charter) vfm, Thomas the Apostle (3 Jul); gr 25 May 1303, by K Edw I to Richard de Boarhunte. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 41). It is assumed that the fair was held on the Translation of Thomas the Apostle (3 Jul) rather than on the saint’s feast day (21 Dec). No trace of the fair survived in the twentieth century (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 146).

BOTLEY 4511 1130. 1334 Subsidy 38.81. The manor was held by the Botley family in the thirteenth century. In 1304, they conveyed it to a trust for the endowment of the chapel of St Elizabeth without Winchester (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 466). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 466.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 13 Feb 1267, by K Hen III to John de Bottele. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 73). Market granted to St Elizabeth’s College (Winchester), by K Hen VI in 1447. At the Dissolution, it passed with the manor to Sir Thomas Wriothesley (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 466).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 13 Feb 1267, by K Hen III to John de Bottele. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 73). Fair granted to St Elizabeth’s College (Winchester), by K Hen VI in 1447. At the Dissolution, it passed with the manor to Sir Thomas Wriothesley (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 466).

BRADING, ISLE OF WIGHT 4606 873. 1334 Subsidy 27. In 1285, Brading was held by K Edw I (CCR, 1279–88, p. 344). The earliest date for the borough at Brading is 1547 (BF, p. 118). See also VCH Hampshire, v, p. 158.
M (Letter Close) Tues; gr 15 Nov 1285, by K Edw I. Order to the sh of Southampton to proclaim the market in the county court (CCR, 1279–88, p. 344). The market, which had initially belonged to the king was granted by K Edw II to Piers Gaveston and Margaret his wife on 5 Apr 1309. To be held at the manor. Note by charter: ‘vacated, because restored and cancelled’ (CChR, 1300–26, p. 127).
F (Letter Close) vfm+1, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); feria gr 15 Nov 1285, by K Edw I. Order to the sh of Southampton to proclaim the fair in the county court (CCR, 1279–88, p. 344). The fair, which had initially belonged to the king was granted by K Edw II to Piers Gaveston and Margaret his wife on 5 Apr 1309. To be held at the manor. Note by charter: ‘vacated, because restored and cancelled’ (CChR, 1300–26, p. 127).

BROCKENHURST 4302 1021. The manor of Brookley was in Brockenhurst. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Brookley and Brockenhurst were assesed together at £44.25 (R. Coates, The Place-Names of Hampshire (London, 1989), p. 43; Glasscock, p. 116). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 628.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 22 Feb 1347, by K Edw III to John de Bokelond. To be held at the manor of Brookley. Granted by charter (CPR, 1345–8, p. 530). VCH provides no further information for the market (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 628).
F (Charter) vf+2, Translation of Thomas of Canterbury (7 Jul); gr 22 Feb 1347, by K Edw III to John de Bokelond. To be held at the manor of Brookley. Granted by charter (CPR 1345–8, p. 530). VCH provides no further information for the fair (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 628).

BROUGHTON 4309 1329. 1334 Subsidy 151.11. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 493.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 2 Feb 1247, by K Hen III to John Mansel (CChR, 1226–57, p. 312). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 2 Feb 1247, by K Hen III to John Mansel (CChR, 1226–57, p. 312). To be held at the manor.

CARISBROOKE, ISLE OF WIGHT 4486 882. 1334 Subsidy 16.62. See also VCH Hampshire, v, pp. 221–35.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 12 Jun 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon (CChR, 1226–57, p. 470). To be held at the manor.

CHALTON 4732 1160. 1334 Subsidy 54.19. Ranulph, earl of Chester and Lincoln held the manor as lord of Chalton until 1232, when it was granted to Simon de Montfort (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 103). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 103.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 20 Oct 1224, by K Hen III to R[anulph], earl of Chester and Lincoln. To be held until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Southampton to cause him to have it (RLC, i, p. 626).
M (Prescriptive); recorded 1232, held by Simon de Montfort. In 1232, Simon de Montfort’s market was alleged to be detrimental to that at Petersfield, Hampshire (q.v.) (CRR, xiiii, nos. 2022, 2404). It is possible that this was the market granted in 1224, although it should have been prohibited in early 1227.
F (Letter Close) vf, Michael (29 Sept); feria gr 20 Oct 1224, by K Hen III to R[anulph], earl of Chester and Lincoln (RLC, i, p. 626). To be held until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Southampton to cause him to have it.

CHRISTCHURCH 4158 928. Borough early tenth century (Defence, pp. 198–9). Mint 1066–1135. 1334 Subsidy 39.75. Burh in Burghal Hidage. Borough in 1086. Also called Twineham (Defence, pp. 198–9; Darby, p. 365). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, v, pp. 86–8; Historic Towns in Dorset, pp. 38–44.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) Mon; recorded twelfth century (VCH Hampshire, v, pp. 88). Market mentioned in charter of William de Redvers, earl of Devon, in 1193x1217. This charter was confirmed by K Edw II on 27 Nov 1313. The day of the market was not given (CChR, 1300–26, pp. 229–30; GEC, iv, pp. 315–16). Market recorded in 1620 (VCH Hampshire, v, p. 88).
F (Prescriptive) Trinity Thurs (Easter dep); recorded twelfth century, held by lord of the manor. Fair recorded in 1620; it continued until the nineteenth century (VCH Hampshire, v, p. 87).
F (Charter) vfm, Faith (6 Oct); gr 28 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 2). Fair continued until the eighteenth century (VCH Hampshire, v, p. 88).
A fair, the date of which is not given, was mentioned in a charter of William de Redvers, earl of Devon, 1193x1217. This charter was confirmed by K Edw II on 27 Nov 1313 (CChR, 1300–26, pp. 229–30; GEC, iv, pp. 315–16). A fair (the date of which was not given) was mentioned in a charter of Isabel de Forz, countess of Aumale and Devon, in 1263x93. This charter was confirmed by K Edw II on 27 Nov 1313 (CChR, 1300–26, pp. 229–31; GEC, iv, pp. 315–16).

DANEBURY HILL 4326 1376. A large Iron Age defended settlement, subsequently uninhabited and lying about 2 km north east of the village of Nether Wallop. Amesbury abbey acquired Nether Wallop in 1177 (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 525). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, pp. 525–6.
F (Letter Patent) 25, 26, 27 Jul; gr 14 May 1491, by K Hen VII to Alice, Ps of the abbey of the Blessed Mary and St Melorus of Amesbury and the N. To be held at ‘Dunnebury’ hill, within their lordship of Nether Wallop. The fair is described as being held on 25, 26, 27 Jul (CPR, 1485–94, p. 343). VCH states that the fair was held on the vfm Anne (26 Jul) (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 526).
DOGMERSFIELD 4775 1515. 1334 Subsidy 50.06. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 73.
F (Charter) vf+4, Ciricus and Julitta (16 Jun); gr 1 Feb 1278, by K Edw I to Robert, bp of Bath and Wells (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 206). To be held at the manor.

EAST TISTED 4701 1322. 1334 Subsidy 29.44. See also VCH Hampshire, v, p. 30.
F (Charter) vfm, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 3 Aug 1270, by K Hen III to Walter de Rudmerleye, parson of East Tisted (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 150). To be held at the ch.

EAST WELLOW 4302 1203. 1334 Subsidy 9.06. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 535.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 11 Dec 1251, by K Hen III to A and C of Netley. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 371). On 8 May 1382, the A and M of St Edward called Lettele [Netley Abbey] were to have the markets and the markets of its men at East Wellow and at other places, implying that there was at least one market at East Wellow. For the other places, see Friar Waddon and Ashley, Dorset; Hound, Netley, and Totton, Hampshire; North Leigh, Oxfordshire; Gomshall, Surrey; and Kingston Deverill and Latton, Wiltshire (q.v.) (CCR, 1381–5, p. 58). The liberties of the manor included the right to hold a market as late as 1818 (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 536).
F (Charter) vf, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 20 Mar 1251, by K Hen III to ch of St Mary in the place of St Edward, which the king has founded in Hampshire [Netley Abbey] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 354). The liberties of the manor included the right to hold a fair as late as 1818 (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 536).

EMSWORTH 4748 1061. 1334 Subsidy 65.25. See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 136.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 20 Apr 1239, by K Hen III to Herbert son of Matthew (CChR, 1226–57, p. 242).
F (Charter) m, Trans of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); gr 20 Apr 1239, by K Hen III to Herbert son of Matthew (CChR, 1226–57, p. 242).

EVERSLEY 4779 1610. 1334 Subsidy 33.75. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, pp. 33, 35.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 1 May 1336, by K Edw III to Thomas de Bradeston (CChR, 1327–41, p. 355). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) 2+f+2, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 1 May 1336, by K Edw III to Thomas de Bradeston. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 355). In 1795, a cattle and toy fair was held on 18 Oct (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 35).

FAREHAM 4576 1061. Borough 1211–12 (BF, p. 118). 1334 Subsidy 12.34. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 211.
M (Prescriptive: borough). No further information for the market.
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 1227x15 Apr 1233, by K Hen III to P[eter] bp of Winchester. Mandate to the sh of Southampton, dated 15 Apr 1233, that the king has granted P bp of Winchester, by the charter that he has, the fair, which was to be held at the manor. The sh was ordered to read the charter in full session of the county court, to publicise and establish the fair (CR, 1231–4, p. 208). Fair is not mentioned in VCH, nor in the 1301–2 account for Fareham (M. Page, ed., The Pipe Roll of the Bishopric of Winchester, 1301–2 (Winchester, 1996)).

FORDINGBRIDGE 4145 1139. 1334 Subsidy 30.69. On the death of Elias de Faleys in 1274 the manor passed to the Crown. On 6 Feb 1277, K Edw I granted the manor to William le Brunne and his wife Isolde (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 202). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 567.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1274, held by Elias de Phalaise, lately deceased. An inquisition into his lands noted that his court of the market was worth 20s. (CIPM, ii, no. 92). In 1280, William le Brunne claimed a market, the day of which was not given, at Fordingbridge. VCH states that the market was first held on a Sat and then on Fri until the middle of the nineteenth century, when it was discontinued (VCH Hampshire, iv, pp. 567–8).

GREATHAM 4773 1304. 1334 Subsidy 20.25. See also VCH Hampshire, ii, p. 508.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 28 May 1270, by K Hen III to Robert Aguillon. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 143). Market recorded in 1292 (VCH Hampshire, ii, p. 508).
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 28 May 1270, by K Hen III to Robert Aguillon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 143). To be held at the manor.

HAMBLE 4482 1068.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 6 Aug 1354, by K Edw III to Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of March (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 141). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) f, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 6 Aug 1354, by K Edw III to Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of March (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 141). To be held at the town.

HAMBLEDON 4646 1152. 1334 Subsidy 17.63. Granted by K John to the bp of Winchester in 1199. It was held by the bps of Winchester until 1650 (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 239).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 5 Dec 1256, by K Hen III to A[ymaur] [bp] elect of Winchester. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 455). In 1301–2, income from stalls is mentioned (M. Page ed., The Pipe Roll of the Bishopric of Winchester, 1301–2 Hampshire Record Series, v (Winchester, 1996), p. 298). A market at Hambledon, the day of which is not given, is mentioned in 1409–10 (M. Page ed., The Pipe Roll of the Bishopric of Winchester, 1409–10, Hampshire Record Series, xvi (Winchester, 1999), p. 282).

HARTLEY WINTNEY 4769 1570. 1334 Subsidy 21.67. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 79.
F (Letter Close) vfm, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); feria gr 10 Jun 1228, by K Hen III to Ps of Wintney (CR, 1227–31, p. 55). Mandate to sh of Southampton to publicise and establish the fair.

HAVANT 4718 1064. 1334 Subsidy 44.06. The manor belonged to the M of Winchester Cathedral Priory until 1284, when it passed into the hands of the bp of Winchester (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 123). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 123.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 4 Nov 1200, by K John to ch of Winchester, Apostles Peter and Paul and St Swithin the Confessor (RCh, p. 78). Nova Oblata: the Hordarian (Ordarius) of Winchester owed 20m. and one palfrey for having a market (PR, 2 John, p. 206). Market continued into the twentieth century (VCH Hampshire, iii, p.123).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 30 Jan 1451, by K Hen VI to William, bp of Winchester. To be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 114). Market may have been intended for corn (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 123).
F (Charter) vf, Faith (6 Oct); gr 30 Jan 1451, by K Hen VI to William, bp of Winchester. To be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 114). Fair continued until 1871 (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 123).

HOUND 4471 1087. See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 477.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 20 Mar 1251, by K Hen III to ch of St Mary of the place of St Edward, which the king has founded in Hampshire [Netley Abbey]. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 354). On 8 May 1382, the A and M of St Edward called Lettele [Netley Abbey] were to have the markets and the markets of its men at Hound and at other places, implying that there was at least one market at Hound. For the other places, see Friar Waddon and Ashley, Dorset; East Wellow, Netley, and Totton, Hampshire; North Leigh, Oxfordshire; Gomshall, Surrey; and Kingston Deverill and Latton, Wiltshire (q.v.) (CCR, 1381–5, p. 58).

KILMESTON 4591 1263. 1334 Subsidy 20.44. See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 323.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 3 Mar 1254, by K Hen III to Richard de la Bere. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2415; CPR, 1247–54, p. 274). The market is not mentioned in VCH.
F (Charter) vfm, Denis (9 Oct); feria gr 3 Mar 1254, by K Hen III to Richard de la Bere. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2415; CPR, 1247–54, p. 274). The fair is not mentioned in VCH.

KINGSCLERE 4525 1586. 1334 Subsidy 97.59. Royal manor in K Alfred’s will. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 252.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1121, held by ch of St Mary Rouen and Archbp Geoffrey to the use of the Ca (Regesta, ii, no.1289). In 1155x56, K Hen II granted the market to God and St Mary of Rouen (Actes de Henri II, i, p. 104). On 23 Aug 1218, the sh of Southampton was ordered that the market which was accustomed to be held on Sun would henceforth be held on Sat (RLC, i, p. 368b). On 6 Jul 1227, K Hen III granted the market (the day of which was not given) to the ch of St Mary Rouen (CChR, 1226–57, p. 46).
F (Charter) vf, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 6 Jul 1227, by K Hen III to ch of St Mary Rouen and the Dean and Chapter thereof. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 46). Order to sh of Southampton regarding the fair (given as the Assumption of Mary) dated 6 Jul 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 191).

LOCKERLEY 4298 1267. 1334 Subsidy 24. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 501.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 8 Dec 1271, by K Hen III to Matthew de Columbariis (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 177). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 8 Dec 1271, by K Hen III to Matthew de Columbariis (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 177). To be held at the manor.

LYMINGTON 4326 956. Borough 1184x1216 (BF, p. 118). 1334 Subsidy 92.25. Founded between 1184 and 1216 (BF, p. 118). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 643.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1269–70 (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 643).
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 12 Jun 1257, by K Hen III to Baldwin de Insula, son and heir of Baldwin de Insula, sometime earl of Devon. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 470). Fair was held in the late thirteenth century and was recorded in 1584. The twentieth century fair on the 2–3 Oct appears to be the continuation of the medieval fair, after the calendar change of the eighteenth century (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 643).

MEONSTOKE 4614 1198. 1334 Subsidy 68.25. After John Mansel’s death in 1265, K Hen III granted the manor to Geoffrey de Percy. In 1268, Geoffrey’s heir, William sold the manor to Robert Walerand (VCH Hampshire, iii, pp. 254–5). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, pp. 255–6.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 2 Feb 1247, by K Hen III to John Mansel. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 312). In 1280, the market was held by Maud, widow of Robert Waleraund in dower, of the inheritance of Robert Waleraund, her nephew, who was the king’s ward (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 255).
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 2 Feb 1247, by K Hen III to John Mansel (CChR, 1226–57, p. 312). To be held at the manor.

MILTON 4664 1001. 1334 Subsidy 53. See also VCH Hampshire, v, p. 126.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 25 Feb 1304, by K Edw I to Thomas de Chaucumbe (CChR, 1300–26, p. 40). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 10 Apr 1318, by K Edw II to John de Chaucumbe, king’s yeoman and Cecily his wife and the heirs of John. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 407). This grant may have changed the day of the market from Tues to Thurs. Thurs market ratified by K Edw III to Thomas Tyrell, steward of Isabel, the king’s daughter, the holder of the manor on 28 Jun 1364. It was stated that K Edw I had granted the market to Thomas Chaucombe (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 189–90).
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); gr 25 Feb 1304, by K Edw I to Thomas de Chaucumbe. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 40). Granted by K Edw II to John de Chacombe, king’s yeoman and Cecily his wife and the heirs of John on 10 Apr 1318 (CChR, 1300–26, p. 407). Ratified by K Edw III to Thomas Tyrell, steward of Isabel, the king’s daughter, the holder of the manor on 28 Jun 1364 (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 190).

MOTTISFONT 4326 1267. 1334 Subsidy 35.25. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 506.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 2 Jul 1351, by K Edw III to John de Wynwyk, treasurer of the ch of St Peter, York (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 124). To be held ‘on their ground’.
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew the Apostle (30 Nov); gr 2 Jul 1351, by K Edw III to John de Wynwyk, treasurer of the ch of St Peter, York (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 124). To be held ‘on their ground’.
F (Charter) vfm, Philip and James the Apostles (1 May); gr 2 Jul 1351, by K Edw III to John de Wynwyk, treasurer of the ch of St Peter, York (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 124). To be held ‘on their ground’.

NEATHAM 4744 1407. Pre-Conquest royal and hundredal manor on the former Roman road from Chichester to Silchester. By the twelfth or thirteenth century the local focus of business was one and a half miles away at Alton, on the main road between Winchester and London (M. Page, ‘Medieval Alton: the origins of a market town’, Alton Papers 7 (2003), 3-6).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1086, mercatum. The market paid 8 (Darby, p. 369). This market may actually have been held at Alton (q.v.), also a royal manor, which is recorded as a borough by 1219 (M. Page, ‘Medieval Alton’).

NETLEY 4454 1089. 1334 Subsidy 38.88. Netley Abbey was founded in 1238–9 (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 472). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 477.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 8 May, 1382, held by A and M of St Edward now called Lettele [Netley Abbey]. On 8 May 1382, the A and M of St Edward called Lettele [Netley Abbey] were to have the markets and the markets of its men at Netley and at other places, implying that there was at least one market at Netley. For the other places, see Friar Waddon and Ashley, Dorset; East Wellow, Hound, and Totton, Hampshire; North Leigh, Oxfordshire; Gomshall, Surrey; and Kingston Deverill and Latton, Wiltshire (q.v.) (CCR, 1381–5, p. 58).

NEW ALRESFORD 4589 1327. Borough 1210–11 (BF, p. 117; Beresford, p. 442). 1334 Subsidy 49.75. In 1200, Godfrey bp of Winchester made a new market place at Alresford and the name of the town he called Novum Forum (H.R. Luard ed., Annales Monastici, Rolls Series (London, 1865), ii, p. 252). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 350.
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum, gr 25 Apr 1200, by K John to G[odfrey de Lucy], bp of Winchester (RCh, 49b); conf 4 Jul 1317 by K Edw II to bp of Winchester (CChR, 1300–26, p. 356).
F (Charter) f+2, John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 1 May 1202, by K John to Godfrey [de Lucy], bp of Winchester (CChR, 1300–26, p. 349). On 4 Jul 1317, K Edw II granted of special grace to John, bp of Winchester, that he should have the fair, notwithstanding that it ‘had not been used hitherto’ (CChR, 1300–26, p. 350).

NEWPORT, ISLE OF WIGHT 4499 891. Borough 1177x84 (BF, p. 118). 1334 Subsidy 108.75. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, v, p. 260.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sat; recorded 1280, held by Isabel de Fortibus. The market was allowed to her by the justices itinerant. Market continued until the end of the nineteenth century (VCH Hampshire, v, p. 260).
F (Prescriptive) Whitsun (Easter dep); recorded 1280, held by Isabel de Fortibus. The fair lasting three days at Whitsuntide was allowed to her by the justices itinerant. Fair abolished in 1871 (VCH Hampshire, v, p. 260).

NEWTOWN 4477 1637. Borough 1218–19 (BF, p. 119; Beresford, pp. 445–6). 1334 Subsidy 12.75. The borough is now lost. It was also known as Burghclere. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 278.
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 29 May 1218, by K Hen III to P[eter] bp of Winchester (RLC, i, p. 363). To be held at the manor of ‘Novo Burgo de Clere’.

NEWTOWN, ISLE OF WIGHT 4422 907. Borough 1254–5 (BF, p. 119). The borough of Newtown was established by Aymer, bp-elect of Winchester in 1254–5, when it was described as ‘new’ in the bp’s account roll. Newtown was created within the bp’s manor of Calbourne (also called Swainston after the site of the episcopal manor house built c.1180) and was also known as Swainston borough or as Francheville (‘free town’). Newtown was situated where the Caul Bourne and other small watercourses entered an inlet of the Solent. In 1256, Bp Aymer issued a charter granting the burgesses of Newtown the same liberties as the bp’s burgesses of Taunton, Somerset; Alresford, Hampshire; Witney, Oxfordshire and Farnham, Surrey. Newtown was a successful port. It was surrendered by the bp of Winchester to K Edw I in 1284. The following year, the king confirmed the burgesses’ privileges. Newtown went into decline following French raids in the late fourteenth century and as a result of competition from Yarmouth and Southampton, Hampshire (q.v.). In 1674, only eleven houses were recorded at Newtown (M. Beresford, ‘The six new towns of the bishop of Winchester, 1200–55’, Medieval Archaeology, 3 (1959), pp. 202–13; VCH Hampshire, v, pp. 265, 267). It is possible that the creation of the borough of Newtown was a second attempt by a bp of Winchester to establish an urban centre in the area. On 19 Jul 1215, the sh of Hampshire was instructed that K John had granted P[eter des Roches] bp of Winchester, a Wed market in his manor of ‘Scauburn’. The sh was ordered to cause the bp to have the market, according to the form of the letters patent (RLC, i, p. 221). These letters patent have not been found during the compilation of the Gazetteer. The location of ‘Scauburn’ is not known. However, it seems likely that it had the same origin as the Caul Bourne, discussed above (see S.F. Hockey, Quarr Abbey and its Lands, 1132–1631 (Leicester, 1970), pp. 40–2; S.F. Hockey, The Charters of Quarr Abbey (Isle of Wight County Record Office, 1991); A.D. Mills, The Place-Names of the Isle of Wight (Stamford, 1996), p. 93). Nothing further is known of the market at ‘Scauburn’. It is not mentioned by either Beresford or VCH. The market may not have been set up, or perhaps failed to thrive.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 3 Mar 1318, by K Edw II to Edward, earl of Chester, the king’s son. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 377). The market had ceased to exist before 1559 (VCH Hampshire, v, p. 267).
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 3 Mar 1318, by K Edw II to Edward, earl of Chester, the king’s son. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 377). The fair continued into the eighteenth century, but had ceased to exist by 1835 (VCH Hampshire, v, p. 267).

ODIHAM 4740 1509. Borough 1219 (Bk of Fees, p. 259) or possibly by 1204. 1334 Subsidy 41.33. Royal residence from early twelfth century (H.M. Colvin ed., The History of the King’s Works, ii, The Middle Ages (London, 1963), pp. 766–8). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 92; S. Millard and E. Roberts, Odiham fairs, market and market buildings’, Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society Newsletter 43 (Spring 2005), pp. 19–21.
M (Prescriptive: borough). The market place was mentioned in 1345 and the market continued to c.1930 (Millard and Roberts, ‘Odiham’).
F (Grant: other) feria recorded 1202, held by John fitz Hugh, who owed two palfreys and twelve hounds for having a certain three day fair at Odiham (PR, 4 John, p. 8).
F (Prescriptive) f, Margaret (20 Jul); recorded 1399x1413 (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 92). During the reign of K Hen IV, a fair on Margaret’s day was held at the manor.
F (Prescriptive) f, day of Our Lady (25 March); recorded 1399x1413. During the reign of K Hen IV, a fair on the ‘Day of Our Lady’ was held at the manor. A fair on the Annunciation (25 Mar) was recorded in 1431 (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 92).
One or more of the fairs was still held in 1736–7 (Millard and Roberts, ‘Odiham’).

OVERTON 4514 1500. Borough 1217–18 (BF, p. 119). 1334 Subsidy 54.50. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, pp. 211–12.
M (Letter Close) Tues; mercatum, gr 29 May 1218, by K Hen III to P[eter] bp of Winchester. To be held at the manor (RLC, i, p. 363). Market recorded in the late sixteenth century (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 212).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 8 Feb 1246, by K Hen III to William, bp of Winchester (CChR, 1226–57, p. 312). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); gr 8 Feb 1246, by K Hen III to William, bp of Winchester (CChR, 1226–57, p. 312). To be held at the manor.

PETERSFIELD 4748 1232. Borough 1183x97 (BF, p. 119). 1334 Subsidy 25.50. Manor was part of the honor of Gloucester and was held by the Clare family until the early fourteenth century, when it passed to the Staffords. It remained with the family until 1521. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 29 Jun; 30 Nov (Harrison, pp. 394, 396). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, pp. 113, 116.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1232, mercatum, held by R[ichard] earl of Cornwall and Isabel, countess of Gloucester, his wife. In 1232, it was alleged that the market was being damaged by that at Chalton, Hampshire (q.v) (CRR, xiiii, nos. 2022, 2404). A Sat market at Petersfield was noted on 14 Jul 1392, amongst the property of the recently deceased Thomas, earl of Stafford (CIPM, xvii, no. 211). Market was granted in dower to Anne, who was the wife of Thomas, late earl of Stafford, on 8 Feb 1393; the day of the market was not noted (CCR, 1392–96, p. 39). A Sat market was noted on 11 Oct 1403, amongst the property of the recently deceased Edmund, earl of Stafford (CIPM, xviii, no. 807). Sat market continued until the nineteenth century (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 116).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 16 Sept 1255, by K Hen III to William de Clare. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 449). A fair on f Peter (presumably, Peter and Paul, i.e. 29 Jun) at Petersfield was noted on 14 Jul 1392, amongst the property of the recently deceased Thomas, earl of Stafford (CIPM, xvii, no. 211). This was presumably one of the two fairs granted in dower to Anne, who was the wife of Thomas, late earl of Stafford, on 8 Feb 1393 (CCR, 1392–96, p. 39). A fair on f Peter (presumably, Peter and Paul, i.e. 29 Jun) was noted on 11 Oct 1403, amongst the property of the recently deceased Edmund, earl of Stafford (CIPM, xviii, no. 807). Fair continued until 1902 (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 116).
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew (30 Nov); gr 16 Sept 1255, by K Hen III to William de Clare. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 449). A fair on f Andrew at Petersfield was noted on 14 Jul 1392, amongst the property of the recently deceased Thomas, earl of Stafford (CIPM, xvii, no. 211). This was presumably one of the two fairs granted in dower to Anne, who was the wife of Thomas, late earl of Stafford, on 8 Feb 1393 (CCR, 1392–96, p. 39). A fair on f Andrew (30 Nov) at Petersfield was noted on 11 Oct 1403, amongst the property of the recently deceased Edmund, earl of Stafford (CIPM, xviii, no. 807).
On 11 Oct 1403, the annual value of the Sat market and the two fairs at the f of Peter and Andrew was 6. 10s. (CIPM, xviii, no. 807).

PORTCHESTER 4619 1054. Borough early tenth century (Defence, pp. 214–15). 1334 Subsidy 119.01. Roman fort. Occupied in early and mid Saxon periods. Burh noted in the Burghal Hidage (Defence, pp. 214–15). This settlement and port was overshadowed by neighbouring Portsmouth, Hampshire (q.v.) after the latter was founded by K Ric I (Beresford, pp. 124, 448–9). The value of the 1334 Lay Subsidy is made up of 82.63, from the borough of Portchester, ‘within’ and 36.38, from Portchester, ‘foreign’ (Glasscock, pp. 111, 121). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, pp. 158–9.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sun; recorded 4 Mar 1220, mercatum. Day of the market changed from Sun to Sat (RLC, i, p. 412b). Mandate to the sh of Southampton to change the day of the market from Sun to Sat, 18 May 1236 (CR, 1234–7, p. 266). Mandate to the sh of Southampton to proclaim a Sat market at the king’s manor, 3 Aug 1294 (CCR, 1288–96, p. 361).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 3 Aug 1294, by K Edw I (CCR, 1288–96, p. 361). To be held at the king’s manor. Mandate to the sh of Southampton to proclaim the fair.

PORTSMOUTH 4648 993. Borough 1106 (BF, p. 120). 1334 Subsidy 126.08. This new town replaced the earlier port and settlement of Portchester, Hampshire (q.v.) (Beresford, pp. 448–9). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, pp. 176–182.
M (Grant: other) Thurs; gr 2 May 1194, by K Ric I to burgesses of Portsmouth (T. Rymer ed., Foedera, Conventiones, Litterae et cujuscunque generis Acta Publica, new edn, i, pt i, ed. A. Clark and F. Holbrooke (Record Commission, 1816), p. 63); conf 23 Oct 1200 by K John to burgesses of Portsmouth (RCh, p. 77). Confirmed by K Hen III on 18 Nov 1229 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 106). The charters were confirmed several times in the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries. Market continued into the twentieth century (VCH Hampshire, iii, pp. 176, 183).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sun; recorded 12 Dec 1228, mercatum (CR, 1227–31, p. 136). K Hen III granted that the market which was accustomed to be held on Sun would henceforth be held on Mon, at the cross towards Portsdown. Mandate to the sh of Southampton.
F (Grant: other) f+14, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 2 May 1194, by K Ric I to burgesses of Portsmouth (T. Rymer ed., Foedera, Conventiones, Litterae et cujuscunque generis Acta Publica, new edn, i, pt i, ed. A. Clark and F. Holbrooke (Record Commission, 1816), p. 63); conf 23 Oct 1200 by K John to burgesses of Portsmouth (RCh, p. 77). Confirmed by K Hen III on 18 Nov 1229 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 106; PR, 14 Hen III, p. 196). The charters were confirmed several times in the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries. Fair continued until the seventeenth century (VCH Hampshire, iii, pp. 176, 182).

RINGWOOD 4145 1053. 1334 Subsidy 221.25. The manor was held by Richard Marshall in the 1220s; its descent to William de Montagu, earl of Salisbury, by 1331 is complex (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 608). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 609.
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 9 Mar 1226, by K Hen III to Richard Marescall [earl of Pembroke] and Gervase his wife. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 101). On 31 Jan 1344, William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury and Katherine his wife were holding the markets here (CIPM, viii, no. 532). Wed market continued in the twentieth century (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 609).
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew (30 Nov); gr 18 Mar 1337, by K Edw III to William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 421). On 31 Jan 1344, William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury and Katherine his wife were holding the fair (CIPM, viii, no. 532).

ROMSEY 4351 1212. Borough 1236 (BF, p. 120). 1334 Subsidy 120.25. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 452.
M (Grant: other) Sun; gr 1100x06, by K Hen I to St Mary of Romsey [Romsey abbey] and Qu Matilda, his wife (Regesta, ii, no. 802; CChR, 1257–1300, p. 102). Granted to the ch of St Mary of Romsey by K Hen II. Market confirmed to the ch of St Mary at Romsey by K Hen III on 10 Jul 1268 (CChR 1257–1300, pp. 102, 104). Market recorded in 1544 (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 452).
F (Grant: other) Ethelfleda (23 Oct); gr 1100x06 , by K Hen I to St Mary of Romsey [Romsey abbey] and Qu Matilda, his wife. To be held on the feast of Ethelfleda, to last for four days and this shall be on the 15th day after the feast of Denis (9 Oct) (Regesta, ii, no. 802; CChR, 1257–1300, p. 102). Granted to the ch of the blessed Mary of Romsey by K Hen II. Fair confirmed to ch of blessed Mary at Romsey by K Hen III on 10 Jul 1268 (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 104).
F (Charter) f+3, Philip and James (1 May); gr 3 Feb 1272, by K Hen III to As and C of Romsey (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 179); conf 14 Jun 1309 by K Edw II to As and N of Romsey (CChR, 1300–26, p. 128). To be held at the manor.
Fairs, the days of which were not given, were recorded in 1544, but had apparently ceased to be held by 1891 (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 452).

SELBOURNE 4741 1338. 1334 Subsidy 15.87. See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 6.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 23 Oct 1270, by K Hen III to P and C of Selbourne (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 150). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 23 Oct 1270, by K Hen III to P and C of Selbourne (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 150). To be held at the manor.

SOUTH TIDWORTH 4235 1477. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 392 .
M (Charter) Mon; gr 28 Nov 1270, by K Hen III to William Dun (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 157). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 28 Nov 1270, by K Hen III to William Dun (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 157). To be held at the manor.

SOUTHAMPTON 4420 1113. Borough early tenth century (Defence, pp. 217–18). Mint 924–1042, possibly also in K Steph’s reign. 1334 Subsidy 511.17. Commercial settlement from seventh century onwards. Burh noted in the Burghal Hidage. Borough in Domesday Book (Defence, pp. 217–18). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 520.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint). No further information for the market.
F (Prescriptive) Trinity (Easter dep); recorded 1461 (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 520). Fair confirmed in a grant dated 19 Jul 1496. VCH provides no further details.

SOUTHWICK 4626 1086. 1334 Subsidy 43.38. See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 163.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 18 Apr 1235, by K Hen III to P and Ca of Southwick (CChR, 1226–57, p. 199). Note by charter: ‘they have paid and they have a writ to the sh of Hampshire as to publicising and holding the said market’.
F (Charter) vf, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 18 Apr 1235, by K Hen III to P and Ca of Southwick. Note by charter: ‘they have paid and they have a writ to the sh of Hampshire as to publicising and holding the said fair’ (CChR, 1226–57, p. 199). In 1513, the date of the fair was changed from the v Assumption of Mary (15 Aug) to f+2 Philip and James (1 May), because it was damaging neighbouring fairs (VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 163).

STOCKBRIDGE 4355 1351. Borough 1236 (BF, p. 120). 1334 Subsidy 37.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, pp. 4, 483.
M (Grant: other) gr 1189x99, by K Ric I to William Briwerr; conf 22 Mar 1200 by K John to William Briwerr. Day of the market not given. To be held at ‘Le Strete’ (RCh, p. 39b). Market confirmed to the town by K Hen V and K Hen VI, but fell into disuse in the mid fifteenth century. Another market was subsequently granted by Qu Eliz I (VCH Hampshire, iv, pp. 483–4).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Peter and Paul the Apostles (29 Jun); feria gr 6 Jun 1221, by K Hen III to William Briwer. To be held at the manor until the king came of age. Notice to the sh of Hampshire (RLC, i, p. 461) Fair was not amongst those recorded in the mid nineteenth century (VCH Hampshire, iv, pp. 483–4).

SWAINSTON, ISLE OF WIGHT 4442 878. 1334 Subsidy 174.75. See also VCH Hampshire, v, p. 218.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 24 Apr 1255, by K Hen III to Aymer, [bp] elect of Winchester (CChR, 1226–57, p. 444). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); gr 24 Apr 1255, by K Hen III to Aymer, [bp] elect of Winchester (CChR, 1226–57, p. 444). To be held at the manor.

THRUXTON 4289 1457. 1334 Subsidy 33. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 388.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 30 Jun 1304, by K Edw I to John de Cormailles (CChR, 1300–26, p. 42).
F (Charter) vf, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 30 Jun 1304, by K Edw I to John de Cormailles (CChR, 1300–26, p. 42). To be held at the manor.

TITCHFIELD 4541 1058. 1334 Subsidy 110.94. See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 224.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1086, mercatum. The market and toll rendered 40s. (Darby, p. 369). In 1273–4, an inquisition noted that the markets of Titchfield and Bishop’s Waltham, Hampshire (q.v.), the days of which were not given, were damaging another, unspecified, market (RH, ii, p. 224). According to the VCH, the markets at Bishop’s Waltham and Titchfield were probably a joint market, held on alternate weeks at either place and discontinued as a consequence of the inquisition’s report. Titchfield market was recorded in 1535, but there is no later evidence for it (VCH Hampshire, iii, pp. 224, 278).
F (Charter) vf+3, Corpus Christi (Easter dep); gr 22 May 1447, by K Hen VI to A and C of St Mary, Titchfield (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 82). To be held at the town.

TOTTON 4360 1129. 1334 Subsidy 34.75. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 549–50.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 8 May 1382, held by A and M of St Edward now called Lettele [Netley Abbey]. On 8 May 1382, the A and M of St Edward called Lettele [Netley Abbey] were to have the markets and the markets of its men at Totton and at other places, implying that there was at least one market at Totton. For the other places, see Friar Waddon and Ashley, Dorset; East Wellow, Hound, and Netley, Hampshire; North Leigh, Oxfordshire; Gomshall, Surrey; and Kingston Deverill and Latton, Wiltshire (q.v.) (CCR, 1381–5, p. 58). VCH does not mention a market at Totton.

WEYHILL 4315 1465. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries Weyhill fair, near Andover, was one of the largest in England, but there is a lack of reliable earlier information; the fair may have been an appurtenance of the manor of Ramridge alias Penton Grafton (VCH Hants, 396-8). It has traditionally been identified with the fair at Wy or Wych, mentioned by Langland in the late fourteenth century in association with St Giles's fair, Winchester (W.W. Skeat, ed., The Vision of William concerning Piers Plowman, Early English Text Society nos 28, 38, 54, 67, and 81 (London, 1867-85), Text A passus V, ll. 119-20, Text B, Passus V, ll. 205-6, Text C, Passus VII, l. 211). Weyhill fair may not have developed until the sixteenth century and the fair at Wy or Wych Wy or may have been elsewhere, possibly at Wye, Kent (q.v.).

WHERWELL 4391 1408. 1334 Subsidy 40.62. See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 411.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 3 May 1267, by K Hen III to As of Wherwell. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 75). Between 1267–8, it was claimed that the As of Wherwell’s market at Wherwell was damaging the king’s free market at Basingstoke, Hampshire (q.v.) (Abb Plac., pp. 163, 173).
F (Charter) 1+f+2, day of dedication of the ch of Wherwell [Exaltation of Holy Cross] (14 Sept); feria gr 25 Oct 1207, by K John to ch of Peter of Werewell, As Matilda and M (RCh, p. 171). On 12 Apr 1215, sh of Southampton was ordered to ensure that the As and M of Wherwell had their fair, lasting 4 days, on 1+f+2 the day of the dedication of their church, as in their charter (RLC, i, p. 194). On 26 Oct 1260, the charter was recorded on the Charter Roll to preserve the contents (CChR, 1257–1300, pp. 30–1). VCH states that the fair continued into the twentieth century and gives the date of the contemporary fair as 24 Sept (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 411, n. 6). This could reflect the change of date made to the medieval fair after the calendar change of the eighteenth century.

WHITCHURCH 4463 1482. Borough 1247x49 (BF, p. 121). 1334 Subsidy 29.63. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, Mon in Whit week (Harrison, p. 394). See also VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 300.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 25 Jan 1241, by K Hen III to P and C of St Swithun’s, Winchester (CChR, 1226–57, p. 256). Day of the market changed to Thurs by K Hen III on 8 Jun 1248 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 331). VCH states that the day of the market was subsequently changed to Fri, but does not give a specific date for this change (VCH Hampshire, iv, p. 300).

WICKHAM 4576 1114. Borough 1544 (BF, p. 121). 1334 Subsidy 96.38. See also VCH Hampshire, iii, p. 234.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 13 Aug 1269, by K Hen III to Roger de Scuris (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 124). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Nicholas (9 May); gr 13 Aug 1269, by K Hen III to Roger de Scuris (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 124). To be held at the manor.

WINCHESTER 4480 1295. Borough early tenth century. Mint before 924–1154. 1334 Subsidy 515.17. Roman city. Seat of the West Saxon bishopric from about 660. Anglo-Saxon burh noted in Burghal Hidage. Borough and civitas in Domesday Book (Defence, p. 225; Darby, p. 365). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). Fair 1587, 22 Jul (Harrison, p. 394). See also VCH Hampshire, v, pp. 36–40.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded c.900 (F. Barlow, M. Biddle, O von Feilitzen, D.J. Keene, Winchester in the Early Middle Ages: an edition and discussion of the Winton Domesday (Oxford, 1976), pp. 41, 285). The streets and other open spaces of Winchester accommodated a complex and continuously changing system of markets. The medieval street system was probably laid out in the late ninth century. High Street, the principal trading street was known c.900 as ‘market street’. Between 1066 and c.1110, a market was established on what had been a private site in High Street, probably by throwing the land open to the street. There were also market areas just inside and just outside some of the city gates. From the twelfth century a large market area was established to the south of High Street in the cathedral cemetery, on parts of the sites of the former royal palace and New Minster. In 1349, following the pressure on burial space during the Black Death, this trading area was much reduced and a wall was constructed to divide the cemetery from the market place. On 15 Jul 1449, the mayor bailiffs and citizens of Winchester were holding markets on Fri and Sun, which were said to have been held within the city from time immemorial. They wanted to abandon the Fri and Sun markets and were granted a Sat market in lieu (CChR, 1424–1516, p. 113). In the fourteenth century and earlier, markets had probably been held more often, perhaps on the days the city court met (Mon, Wed and Fri c.1300) as well as others (J.S. Furley, City Government of Winchester (Oxford, 1923), p. 134). After the creation of the bp’s soke during the thirteenth century, there were probably lesser local markets in those parts of the suburbs which were under the bp’s control, but little is known of them (D. Keene, Survey of Medieval Winchester (Oxford, 1985), ii, pp. 70–5).
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 1096, by K Wil II to St Peter the Old Minster, Walchelin the bp and the M (Regesta, i, no. 377; CChR, 1300–26, p. 351). To be held at the ch of Giles on the eastern hill of Winchester, with all the customs which the king would have if the fair were his own. The fair quickly became one of the major international fairs of England and the only one in the first rank south of the Thames. It suffered a sharp loss of business in the late thirteenth century and was insignificant after 1400. In 1110, K Hen I extended the length of St Giles’ fair by 5 days, giving an eight day fair (Regesta, ii, nos. 947, 949). This charter was inspected and confirmed by K Edw II on 10 Jun 1317 (CChR, 1300–26, p. 346). In 1114, K Hen I reiterated this grant (Regesta, ii, no. 1070). In 1234–5, the citizens of Winchester complained about the disturbance caused by the sixteen day fair held by the bp of Winchester on St Giles’s hill (CRR, xv, no. 1033). On 4 Jul 1317, K Edw II inspected and confirmed this charter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 351). In 1136, K Steph extended the fair from 8 days to 14 days (Regesta, iii, no. 952). On 4 Jul 1317, K Edw II inspected and confirmed this charter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 352). In Mar 1155, K Hen II, ignoring K Steph’s grant, doubled the number of days from 8 to 16, in a grant confirmed by K Ric I on 8 Sept 1198. On 4 Jul 1317, K Edw II inspected and confirmed K Ric I’s charter (CChR, 1300–26, p. 356). On 26 Dec 1199, K John confirmed the extension of the fair from 8 days to 16 days (RCh, p. 32). On 6 Sept 1212, K John extended the fair by a further 8 days to 24, but up to 1317, the bp’s rights seem usually to have covered no more than the first 16 days (RLC, i, p. 123b). Fair of St Giles mentioned in 1172, 1189, 1197, 1200, 1204, 1207, 1208, 1220, 1223, 1224, 1239, 1254 (PR, 18 Hen II, pp. 84–6; PR, 1 Ric I, p. 5; PR, 9 Ric I, p. 128; PR, 10 John, p. 171; RCh, p. 77; CRR, iii, p. 166; RLC, i, pp. 91b, 104, 429, 562, 619b; CRR, xvi, no. 738; CChR, 1226–57, p. 445). During the thirteenth century temporary extensions were often granted, usually in response to special commercial and political conditions (D. Keene, Survey of Medieval Winchester (Oxford, 1985), ii, p. 1114). In Aug 1259, the custodian of Winchester was ordered to make sure that after the Winchester fair held at St Giles Hill ended, trading should continue in the city of Winchester (CR, 1256–9, p. 430). On 13 Sept 1260, the custodian of Winchester was ordered to proclaim this again (CR, 1259–61, p. 114). On 7 Sept 1261, K Hen III repeated this mandate. He also ordered that by his special grace merchants were allowed to sell their wares in the city of Winchester from the Sun after the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross (14 Sept) (CR, 1259–61, pp. 436–7). In the late thirteenth century it appears to have been normal practice for merchants to descend on the city on 15 Sept, where the fair continued to the end of the month (D. Keene, Survey of Medieval Winchester (Oxford, 1985), ii, p. 1114). On 5 Jun 1284, K Edw I quitclaimed to John, bp of Winchester, all of his right in the fair of St Giles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 274). On 20 Jul 1317, K Edw II extended the fair by 8 days, from vf+14 to vf+22 (CChR, 1300–26, p. 359).
F (Prescriptive) f, Barnabas (11 Jun); recorded 1285 (F. Barlow, M. Biddle, O von Feilitzen, D.J. Keene, Winchester in the Early Middle Ages: an edition and discussion of the Winton Domesday (Oxford, 1976) p. 518). In the late thirteenth century the fair on f Barnabas (11 Jun), was held in Winchester, perhaps near Hyde Abbey.
F (Prescriptive) Swithan (15 Jul); recorded 1285 (F. Barlow, M. Biddle, O von Feilitzen, D.J. Keene, Winchester in the Early Middle Ages: an edition and discussion of the Winton Domesday (Oxford, 1976) p. 518). This may be one of the fairs which in 1349, the citizens were said to have held in the cathedral cemetery (D. Keene, Survey of Medieval Winchester (Oxford, 1985), ii, p. 549). It was probably renewed on 15 Jul 1449, by the gr of K Hen VI to the mayor bailiffs and citizens of a fair on vf+8 Swithan (15 Jul), to be held in the city and granted in lieu of markets on Fri and Sun (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 113–14). The renewal was probably associated with the reconstruction of the shrine of St Swithan in the cathedral (D. Keene, Survey of Medieval Winchester (Oxford, 1985), ii, p. 1123; J. Crook, ed., Winchester Cathedral Nine Hundred Years, 1092–1993 (Chichester, 1993), p. 64).
F (Prescriptive) Nicholas (6 Dec); recorded 13 Jun 1337, when Alexander, P of Winchester, granted a corrody of bread for life to Nicholas de Hanytone, for the duration of the fair of Nicholas (A. Goodman ed., Cartulary of Winchester Cathedral (Winchester, 1927), no. 284).
F (Prescriptive) probably held on f Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); recorded by 1444, held by the Cathedral Priory on Magdalen Hill Down, to the east of the site of St Giles fair and close to the leper hospital dedicated to Mary Magdalen. It prospered in the seventeenth century (D. Keene, Survey of Medieval Winchester (Oxford, 1985), ii, p. 1123).
In 1518 the citizens were licensed to hold two additional fairs, one on the Mon and Tues in the first week of Lent (Easter dep), the other on fm Edw Confessor (13 Oct) (VCH Hampshire, v. p. 40).

YARMOUTH, ISLE OF WIGHT 4355 896. Borough c.1170 (BF, p. 121). 1334 Subsidy 14.25. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 175). See also VCH Hampshire, v, p. 287.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Mon; recorded 1279–80, held by Isabel de Fortibus (VCH Hampshire, v, p. 287). Day of the market changed to Wed in 1609.
F (Prescriptive) James (25 Jul); recorded 1279–80, held by Isabel de Fortibus (VCH Hampshire, v, p. 287). Fair continued until the mid nineteenth century.

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