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Last updated: 26 February, 2007

NB: Updates/additions to the printed Gazetteer published in 2003 are given in red.

ALDINGTON 6065 1365.
  M (Prescriptive) 1283–5, market noted in connection with carrying services (K. Witney, ed., The Survey of Archbishop Pecham's Kentish Manors, 1283–85, Kent Records 28, (Maidstone, 2000), pp. 223–4.)

ALLHALLOWS 5836 1775. Allhallows was part of the manor and hundred of Hoo, of which the head was Hoo St Werburgh, Kent (q.v.). In 1164, K Hen II assigned 40m. of his rent from Hoo to Reading abbey. In 1205, Robert Bardulf gave to the abbey lands in the manor of Hoo from which the 40m. were due. These lands lay in the parishes of All Hallows, St Mary and St Werburgh. All Hallows and St Mary were chapels dependant on St Werburgh. Reading abbeys main estate in Hoo was at Windhill close to Allhallows. Later in the thirteenth century, Robert Bardulfs lands at Hoo which he had not given to Reading were in the hands of the Poynz and Grey families (B.R. Kemp ed., Reading Abbey Cartularies, 2 vols (1986–7, Camden 4th series 31 and 33) nos. 396, 400, 443–6; E. Hasted, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, 2nd edition (Canterbury, 1789), iv, pp. 4, 5, 20–1, 28, 31). The association of the fair granted in 1271 with the feast of All Saints (All Hallows) demonstrates that both it and the market were at Allhallows rather than any of the other settlements on Hoo.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 20 Aug 1271, by K Hen III to A and C of Reading. To be held at the manor of Hoo (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 175; B.R. Kemp ed., Reading Abbey Cartularies, 2 vols (1986–7, Camden 4th series 31 and 33) no. 443). In 1293, Hugh Poynz, A of Reading and Henry Grey stated that they did not claim to hold a market at Hoo (QW, p. 360).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 20 Aug 1271, by K Hen III to A and C of Reading. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 175). In 1293, Hugh Poynz, A of Reading and Henry Grey stated that they did not claim to hold a fair at Hoo (QW, p. 360).

ALLINGTON 5748 1578.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 6 Nov 1280, by K Edw I to Stephen de Penecestre and Margaret his wife and their heirs (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 233). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 6 Nov 1280, by K Edw I to Stephen de Penecestre and Margaret his wife and their heirs (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 233). To be held at the manor.

APERFIELD 5422 1589.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 20 Dec 1253, by K Hen III to Henry de Appledorefeld. To be held at Appeldorefeld. This is identified in the index of the CChR as Aperfield, in Cudham (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2248; CPR, 1247–58, p. 258).
F (Charter) vf, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); feria gr 20 Dec 1253, by K Hen III to Henry de Appledorefeld (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2248; CPR, 1247–58, p. 258).

APPLEDORE 5956 1293. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 12 May 1358, by K Edw III to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 157). The market continued into the 1390s (Mate, p. 69).
F (Prescriptive) f, Peter in estate (1 Aug); feria recorded 1312, held by P of Christchurch, Canterbury (QW, p. 325). The fair continued into the 1390s (Mate, p. 69).
F (Charter) f, Barnabas the Apostle (11 Jun); gr 12 May 1358, by K Edw III to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 157). The fair continued into the 1390s (Mate, p. 69).

ASH 5602 1645. Ash, in the lathe of Sutton at Hone, belonged to the Latimer family in the thirteenth century (W.H. Ireland, A History of the County of Kent (London, 1830), iv, pp. 420–1).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 18 Jul 1302, by K Edw I to William le Latimer, the elder (CChR, 1300–26, p. 26). To be held at the manor of Asshe.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 18 Jul 1302, by K Edw I to William le Latimer, the elder (CChR, 1300–26, p. 26). To be held at the manor of Asshe.

ASHFORD 6008 1428. Simon de Cryols widow Matilda married Roger de Rolling, who granted the manor to Roger de Leyburn, father of William de Leyburn. William de Leyburn was succeeded by Juliana, daughter of Thomas de Leyburn, who married William Clinton, earl of Huntingdon. William Clinton died without heirs in the reign of K Edw III, and the manor escheated to the Crown. In the late fourteenth century, the manor formed part of the endowment of the college of canons at St Stephens chapel, in the palace of Westminster (QW, p. 366; GEC, vi, p. 649; W.H. Ireland, A New History of Kent (London, 1829), ii, p. 390). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 27 Aug (Harrison, p. 395).
M (Charter) Sat; mercatum, gr 13 Oct 1243, by K Hen III to Simon de Cryoyl and Maud his wife. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 1189; CPR, 1232–47, p. 398). William de Leyburn was holding the market in 1279 and 1293. In 1312, Juliana de Leyburn was holding the market as part of her life grant of the manor (QW, p. 330, 342, 366).
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); feria gr 13 Oct 1243, by K Hen III to Simon de Cryoyl and Maud his wife. To be held at the manor (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 1189; CPR, 1232–47, p. 398). William de Leyburn was holding the fair in 1279 and 1293. In 1312, Juliana de Leyburn was holding the fair as part of her life grant of the manor (QW, pp. 330, 342, 366).
F (Charter) vfm, Anne (26 Jul); gr 7 Apr 1348, by K Edw III to William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon and Juliana his wife and her heirs (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 86). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, John before the Latin Gate (6 May); gr 3 Jan 1466, by K Edw IV to dean and Ca of the college or free chapel of St Stephen within the palace of Westminster. The date of the charter was given as both 3 and 9 Jan (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 207).

ASHURST 5506 1389.
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 14 Dec 1220, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Girund (RLC, i, p. 444b). To be held at the manor until the king came of age.

AYLESFORD 5730 1590. It is likely that the manor passed from Giffard to Grey, although no evidence has been found for such a succession. The two markets and two fairs have not been joined as the 1219 grant was meant to lapse in 1227, at the end of K Hen IIIs minority.
M (Grant: other) Tues; mercatum, gr 10 Oct 1219, by K Hen III to Osbert Giffard (C 60/11 m. 2). 1219, Nova Oblata: Osbert Giffard owed 100s. for the market and the fair (see below). To be held at the manor (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 149).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 2 Feb 1239, by K Hen III to Richard de Gray (CChR, 1226–57, p. 241). To be held at the manor.
F (Grant: other) vf, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); feria gr 10 Oct 1219, by K Hen III to Osbert Giffard (C 60/11 m. 2). 1219, Nova Oblata: Osbert Giffard owed 100s. for the fair and the market (see above). To be held at the manor (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 149).
F (Charter) v, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 2 Feb 1239, by K Hen III to Richard de Gray (CChR, 1226–57, p. 241). To be held at the manor.

BEXLEY 5490 1751.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 1 Sept 1315, by K Edw II to Walter, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1300–26, p. 289). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Exaltation of the Cross (14 Sept); gr 1 Sept 1315, by K Edw II to Walter, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1300–26, p. 289). To be held at the manor.

BRASTED 5470 1549. Borough 1227 (BF, p. 128). It seems likely that the curia regis case from the summer of 1230 between the earl of Gloucester, plaintiff, and Thomas de Kaunvill, of a plea of an unidentified fair and market, relates to the market and fair which Thomas had recently established in Westerham, Kent (q.v.) (CRR, xiv, no. 317). The earl of Gloucester was probably attempting to defend his market at Brasted. Although there is no specific mention of a market at Brasted until 1293 (see below) the settlement was a borough from at least 1227, by virtue of which it would have had a market.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Thurs; recorded 1293, mercatum, held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford and Johanna his wife (QW, p. 365). On 11 Jan 1296, the market was held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, lately deceased (CIPM, iii, no. 371).
F (Prescriptive) f, Ascension of the Lord (Easter dep); feria recorded 1293, held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford and Johanna his wife (QW, p. 365).

BRENCHLEY 5675 1419. Hamo de Crevequer took seisin of his lands in 1217; he died in 1263 and was succeeded by his grandson Robert. In 1264–5, Roberts lands were seized by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester (I.J. Sanders, English Baronies: a study of their origin and descent, 1086–1327 (Oxford, 1960) p. 31).
M (Formerly Prescriptive) Sun; recorded 29 Apr 1230, held by Hamo de Crevequer, when it was ordered that the market which Hamo de Crevequer used to hold on Sun in the churchyard should in future be held at that place on his own land on Wed (CChR, 1226–57, p. 123). On 30 June 1233, K Hen III granted Hamo le Creuquer that the weekly market which used to be held on Sun should in future be held on Sat on Hamos land (CChR, 1226–57, p. 182). Mandate to sh of Kent to proclaim the market and cause it to be held, 30 Jun 1233 (CR, 1231–4, p. 234). The 1233 charter suggests that the change of market day granted in 1230 was not successful. On 7 Jan 1296, the market (forum) was held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, lately deceased (CIPM, iii, no. 371). In 1312, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, claimed that he and his ancestors had held the market from time out of mind (QW, p. 332).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 29 Apr 1230, by K Hen III to Hamo de Crevequer (CChR, 1226–57, p. 123). Granted again by K Hen III to Hamo le Creuquer on 30 Jun 1233 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 182). Mandate to sh of Kent to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 30 Jun 1233 (CR, 1231–4, p. 234).

BROMLEY 5401 1692. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 1 Feb; 25 Jul (Harrison, pp. 392, 395).
M (Letter Close) Tues; mercatum, gr 19 Jul 1205, by K John to G. bp of Rochester. Mandate to the sh of Kent to make the market known (RLC, i, p. 42b). On 8 May 1232, H. bp of Rochester demonstrated to the king that the Tues market that was accustomed to be held at the manor was interrupted by the destruction of the manor during the war between K John and his barons. Therefore, K Hen III conceded to him that the market would henceforth be held at the manor as before. Mandate to the sh of Kent to proclaim the market and cause it to be held (CR, 1231–4, p. 57).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 20 Jul 1447, by K Hen VI to John Lowe, bp of Rochester (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 87).
F (Prescriptive) fm, Blaise (3 Feb); recorded 20 Jul 1447, held by John Lowe, bp of Rochester (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 87).
F (Charter) vfm, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 20 Jul 1447, by K Hen VI to John Lowe, bp of Rochester (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 87). To be held in the street.

CANTERBURY 6150 1575. Borough and civitas 1086. Mint before 924–1154. Roman city. Seat of kings of Kent. Significant urban centre and an archbishopric from 597 (BF, p. 128; Darby, p. 365). See also Fordwich, Kent (q..v). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, Tues in Whit week; 27 Jul; 29 Sept; 29 Dec (Harrison, pp. 394–7).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 8 Jan 1201, mercatum (RCh, p. 83b). Market held on Wed and Sat (B.A. McLain, Factors in Market Establishment in Medieval England: the evidence from Kent 1086–1350’, Archaeologia Cantiana (1997) p. 99).
F (Grant: other) 5+f+2, Trans of Augustine (13 Sept); gr 1103, by K Hen I to M of St Augustine’s (Regesta, ii, no. 652). In 1312, the A of St Augustine’s, Canterbury, was holding the fair (QW, p. 319). On 5 Feb 1446, K Hen VI confirmed a fair on 2+f+2 Trans of Augustine to A and C of Augustine, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 56–7).
F (Charter) 3+f+2, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); feria gr 1136x45, by K Steph to A and M of St Augustine’s, Canterbury. On 5 Feb 1446, K Hen VI confirmed the fair to the A and C of St Augustine, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 56–7).
F (Prescriptive) in the week of Rogation (Easter dep); feria recorded 8 Jan 1201, held by burgesses of Canterbury. On 8 Jan 1201, the fair was confirmed by K John (RCh, p. 83b). Rogation Sun is the fifth Sun after Easter day.
F (Charter) v+9, Whitsunday (Easter dep); gr 2 Oct 1383, by K Ric II to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury, to be held at the priory (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 287).
F (Charter) v+9, Trans of Thomas (7 Jul); gr 7 Jul 1383, by K Ric II to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 287).
F (Charter) v+9, Michael (29 Sept); gr 2 Oct 1383, by K Ric II to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury, to be held at the priory (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 287).
F (Charter) f+9, Holy Innocents (28 Dec); gr 2 Oct 1383, by K Ric II to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury, to be held at the priory (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 287).
F (Charter) 4 Aug+2; gr 4 May 1453, by K Hen VI to the mayor and commonalty of Canterbury, to be held in a place ordained by them (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 125).

CHALLOCK 6008 1499.
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1312, held by A of Battle, who was asked by what warrant he held the hundred of Wye and the fair at Challock, lasting two days. He answered that K Wil the Conqueror gave the ch of St Martin of Battle [Battle abbey] Wye manor with all its appertenances and that at the time of the grant, the hundred [of Wye] and the fair at Challock were appertenances of the manor. From time out of mind, he and his predecessors had held the hundred and fair pertaining to Wye manor without interruption. A jury confirmed that the hundred of Wye and the fair of Challock at the time of K Wil the Conqueror pertained to the manor of Wye and that the A and all of his predecessors from the Conqueror’s grant had held the hundred, manor and fair (QW, p. 334). In 1070x86, K Wil I granted to Battle abbey the manor of Wye with its customs (Regesta 1066–87, no. 18).

CHARING 5953 1495. Fair 1587, 23 Apr; 17 Oct (Harrison, pp. 393, 396).
M (Prescriptive) A market may have existed by 1283-5, when annual rents were received from stalls (portac') at two terms of the year (K. Witney, ed., The Survey of Archbishop Pecham's Kentish Manors, 1283–85, Kent Records 28, (Maidstone, 2000), pp. 201–4).
F (Charter) vfm, George (23 Apr); gr 19 Nov 1443, by K Hen VI to John archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 38). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vfm, Luke (18 Oct); gr 19 Nov 1443, by K Hen VI to John archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 38). To be held at the town.

CHARLTON 5410 1776. Fair 1587, 17 Oct (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 10 Feb 1269, by K Hen III to P and C of Bermondsey (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 115). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 10 Feb 1269, by K Hen III to P and C of Bermondsey (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 115). To be held at the manor.

CHATHAM 5756 1656.
F (Prescriptive) recorded ante 12 Jun 1285, held by K Edw I and Qu Eleanor of Castile. On 12 Jun 1285, K Edw I inspected a charter of Robert de Crevequer, granting the Ca of Leeds the fair of Chatham. The P and Ca of Leeds had restored the fair to K Edw I and Qu Eleanor by charter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 301). In 1380, the fair remained in the king’s hands (CCR, 1377–81, p. 313).

CHELSFIELD 5468 1640.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 28 May 1290, by K Edw I to Otto de Grandson (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 346). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 28 May 1290, by K Edw I to Otto de Grandson (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 346). To be held at the manor.

CHILHAM 6067 1535. On the death of Alexander de Balliol in c.1310–11, the lordship of Chilham, which included the manor, reverted to the Crown and then passed to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (I.J. Sanders, English Baronies: a study of their origin and descent 1086–1327 (Oxford, 1960), pp. 111–12; QW, p. 321). Fair 1587, 25 Jul (Harrison, p. 395).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 7 Aug 1291, by K Edw I to Alexander de Balliolo and Isabel his wife. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 404). In 1293, Alexander de Balliol was holding the market (QW, p. 360). In 1312, Bartholomew de Baddlesmere was holding the market (QW, p. 321). On 12 Aug 1315, K Edw II granted the market to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 282).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1374, held by Thomas de Ros. It was alleged that the market was being damaged by that at Godmersham, Kent (q.v.) (Mate, p. 68).
M (Letter Patent) Tues, gr 28 Nov 1476, by K Edw IV to John Scott, kn, and the heirs male of his body. To be held at the town (CPR, 1476–85, p. 5). It is possible that the manor passed from Baddlesmere to Thomas de Ros and ultimately came to John Scott. The grant of the Tues market to the latter in 1476 may have been more of a confirmation, on the occasion of the granting of the Jul fair (see below).
F (Charter) vf+6, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 7 Aug 1291, by K Edw I to Alexander de Balliolo and Isabel his wife. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 404). In 1293, Alexander de Balliol was holding the fair (QW, p. 360). In 1312, Bartholomew de Baddlesmere was holding the fair (QW, p. 321). On 12 Aug 1315, K Edw II granted a fair on vfm Assumption of Mary to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 282).
F (Charter) 1+f+1, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 28 Nov 1476, by K Edw IV to John Scott, kn, and the heirs male of his body (CPR, 1476–85, p. 5). To be held at the town.

CLIFFE 5736 1766.
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 30 Jul 1257, by K Hen III to Master Hugh de Mortuo Mari, parson of the ch of Clive [i.e. Cliffe] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 472).

COBHAM 5673 1683.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 29 Mar 1367, by K Edw III to John de Cobeham (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 208). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) f, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 29 Mar 1367, by K Edw III to John de Cobeham (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 208). To be held at the town.

COMBWELL 5713 1335.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 5 Feb 1232, by K Hen III to P and C of Combwell. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 148). Mandate to the sh of Kent to proclaim the market throughout his baliwick and cause it to be held, 6 Feb 1232 (CR, 1231–4, p. 27). On 27 Feb 1233, the P and C of Combwell were granted a Tues market. On the same day, the sh of Kent was instructed that the day of the market had been changed from Fri to Tues (CChR, 1226–57, p. 175; CR, 1231–4, p. 196). In 1292, the P of Combwell did not claim a market (QW, p. 366).
F (Charter) fm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 6 Jul 1227, by K Hen III to P and Ca of St Mary Magdalen, Combwell (CChR, 1226–57, p. 48). Order to sh of Kent regarding the fair, 6 Jul 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 191b). P of Combwell was holding the fair in 1292 and 1312 (QW, pp. 366, 314).

CRANBROOK 5777 1359. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 29 May; 24 Jun (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 18 Feb 1290, by K Edw I to John, archbp of Canterbury. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 343). Market recorded in the fifteenth century (Mate, p. 73).

CRAYFORD 5512 1748.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 8 Jul 1396, by K Ric II to William archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 362). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vf+4, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 8 Jul 1396, by K Ric II to William archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 362). To be held at the town.

DARENTH 5563 1695.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1189x99, mercatum, held by archbp of Canterbury. In 1293, the P of Rochester was holding the market, the day of which was not given. The P of Rochester had received the manor with the market and other liberties in an exchange with the archbp of Canterbury. This exchange was said to have been confirmed by a charter of K Ric I (QW, pp. 361–2).

DARTFORD 5538 1740. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Grant: other) gr 1307x19 Nov 1321, by K Edw II to Alice, late the wife of Elias de Tyngewyk (CPR, 1321–4, p. 33). The market was lately granted to Alice for her life, but had since been granted to Edmund de Wodestock, earl of Kent.

DENTON 5662 1737.
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1312, held by John P of Rochester (QW, p. 320).

DOVER 6321 1414. Borough 1066 (BF, p. 128; Darby, p. 365). Mint 924–939, 970s–1154. An important town and port for the continent in Roman times and from the tenth century. It was linked with the other Cinque Ports in the naval defence of the kingdom. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 25 Jul; 24 Aug; 21 Sept; 11 Nov (Harrison, pp. 395–6).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) No further information for the market.

EASTBRIDGE 6077 1319.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1293, mercatum, held by master of the Domus Dei, Dover. The master claimed the right to hold the market by charter of K Hen III, who had granted the manor to Hubert de Burgh, who subsequently granted it to the institution (QW, p. 360).

EASTCHURCH 5988 1714.
F (Prescriptive) f, Annunciation of Mary (25 Mar); feria recorded 1312, held by P of Christchurch, Canterbury (QW, p. 325).

EASTLING 5962 1566.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 12 Apr 1304, by K Edw I to Fulk Peyforer (CChR, 1300–26, p. 40). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Exaltation of the Cross (14 Sept); gr 12 Apr 1304, by K Edw I to Fulk Peyforer (CChR, 1300–26, p. 40). To be held at the manor.

EASTRY 6308 1546. Fair 1587, 21 Sept (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 5 Feb 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 79).
F (Charter) vf+2, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 5 Feb 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 79).

EDENBRIDGE 5444 1457.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 1227x72, by K Hen III to Robert de Camull. In 1279, Robert Camull was holding the market (QW, p. 350).

ELHAM 6176 1438. In 1261, it was stated that the Lord Edward (eldest son and heir of K Hen III) had squandered the possessions granted to him by the king. The grant of Elham was given as one of two examples. Edward had granted the manor to Roger de Leyburn, but in Spring 1262 Roger was ordered to return the manor (M. Prestwich, Edward I (London, 1988), pp. 36–7). William de Leyburn was succeeded by Juliana, daughter of Thomas de Leyburn, who married William Clinton, earl of Huntingdon. In the reign of K Edw III, William Clinton died without heirs; his lands escheated to the Crown. In the late fourteenth century, the manor formed part of the endowment of the college of canons at St Stephen’s chapel, in the palace of Westminster (GEC, vi, p. 649; W.H. Ireland, A New History of Kent (London, 1829), ii, p. 390). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 29 Apr 1252, by K Hen III. To be held at the manor held by Edward, the king’s son. Mandate to the sh of Kent to proclaim the market and cause it to be held (CR, 1251–3, p. 82). In 1279, William Leyburn held the Mon market (QW, p. 342). In 1293, William Leyburn held the market. William stated that when the present king [i.e. K Edw I] was a batchelor (batchelarius) he granted to Roger de Leyburn (William’s father) the manor with appertenances, including the market. The grant was confirmed by K Hen III; William showed both charters (QW, p. 366). In 1312, Juliana de Leyburn was holding a market, the day of which was not given. Although the market is stated to have been held for three days each week, this could be a scribal error for the length of the fair (QW, p. 329).
F (Letter Close) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); feria gr 1252, by K Hen III. To be held at the manor held by Edward, the king’s son. Mandate to the sh of Kent to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held (CR, 1251–3, p. 82). In 1279, William Leyburn held the fair (QW, p. 342). In 1293, William Leyburn held the fair. William stated that when the present king [i.e. K Edw I] was a batchelor (batchelarius) he granted to Roger de Leyburn (William’s father) the manor with appertenances, including the fair. The grant was confirmed by K Hen III; William showed both charters (QW, p. 366). In 1312, Juliana de Leyburn was holding a fair, the feast of which was not given (QW, p. 329).
F (Charter) vfm, Denis (9 Oct); gr 28 Jan 1332, by K Edw III to William de Clynton (CChR, 1327–41, p. 259). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) Mon the morrow of Palm Sun and the Tues following (Easter dep); gr 24 Jan 1469, by K Edw IV to Dean and Ca of the college or free chapel of St Stephen in the palace of Westminster (CChR, 1427–156, p. 225). Palm Sun is the sixth Sun in Lent.

ELMSTED 6117 1449.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 20 Jul 1354, by K Edw III to Henry de Haute (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 141). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, James (25 Jul); gr 20 Jul 1354, by K Edw III to Henry de Haute (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 141). To be held at the manor.

ELTHAM 5425 1743.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 27 Sept 1284, by K Edw I to John de Vescy. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 279). On 21 Mar 1439, K Hen VI granted the tenants of the manor and lordship of Eltham the market (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 57).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 27 Sept 1284, by K Edw I to John de Vescy (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 279). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 21 Mar 1439, by K Hen VI to tenants of the manor and lordship of Eltham (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 5).

Erith, see LESSNESS

EYNSFORD 5541 1655.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1293, mercatum, held by Nicholas de Orgel, William de Kirkeby and Christina his wife (QW, p. 363). In 1312, William Page and Nicholas de Criel were holding the Fri market (QW, p. 310).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1293, held by Nicholas de Orgel, William de Kirkeby and Christina his wife (QW, p. 363). In 1312, William Page and Nicholas de Criel were holding a fair, the feast of which was not given (QW, p. 310).

FARNBOROUGH 5443 1641. It is possible that the manor passed from Grandson to Lancaster
M (Charter) Tues; gr 28 May 1290, by K Edw I to Otto de Grandson (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 346). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 18 Jun 1344, by K Edw III to Henry, earl of Lancaster, the king’s cousin (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 32).
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 28 May 1290, by K Edw I to Otto de Grandson (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 346). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+8, Giles (1 Sept); gr 18 Jun 1344, by K Edw III to Henry, earl of Lancaster, the king’s cousin (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 32).

FARNINGHAM 5543 1670.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 8 Nov 1270, by K Hen III to Master Ralph de Freningham (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 155). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 6 May 1384, by K Ric II to John de Frenyngham (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 292).
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 8 Nov 1270, by K Hen III to Master Ralph de Freningham. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 155). On 6 May 1384, K Ric II granted John de Frenyngham a fair on f Peter and Paul (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 292).

FAVERSHAM 6017 1611. Borough 1252. Faversham appears to have been an important settlement and perhaps a royal centre in the sixth century. It probably functioned as a port or landing place from then onwards. The abbey was established in 1148. In the thirteenth century it came to be associated with the Cinque Ports and so in its royal charters from 1252 onwards was granted the privileges that that Ports had enjoyed since the time of K Edw the Confessor (K.M.E. Murray, The Constitutional History of the Cinque Ports (Manchester, 1935), pp. 50, 236) This does not mean (pace BF, p. 128) that Faversham was acknowledged to have been a borough under K Edw the Confessor. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 14 Feb; 1 Aug (Harrison, pp. 392, 395).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, held by K Wil I (Alecto Historical Editions, The Kent Domesday (London, 1992), f2v; Darby, p. 369). Market was worth 4.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1293, mercatum, held by A of Faversham, who successfully claimed that he and his predecessors had held the market from time out of mind; he made the same claim in 1312 (QW, pp. 315, 362).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 14 Nov 1302, held by barons of Faversham (CChR, 1300–26, p. 32). This may have been the same market as that recorded in 1086.
F (Grant: other) f+7, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 1154x89, by K Hen II to M of Faversham. In 1293, the A of Faversham successfully claimed the fair, by right of the charter of K Hen II; he made the same claim in 1312 (QW, pp. 315, 362).

FOLKESTONE 6227 1361. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 27 Jun (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum, gr 15 May 1204, by K John to G[eoffrey] fitz Peter, earl of Essex and the heirs of Simon de Abriton, who he has in custody (RCh, p. 134b).
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 22 Sept 1214, by K John to William de Abrinc. To be held at the manor (RCh, p. 201). In 1214, William de Abrincis owed one goshawk for having the market and fair at his town (PR, 16 John, p. 32).
M (Charter) Tues and Thurs, gr 15 Mar 1348, by K Edw III to John de Seagrave of Folkestone. To be held at the town (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 86). On 26 Jan 1390, K Ric II confirmed the market to John de Clynton, lord of Folkestone (CPR, 1388–92, p. 184).
F (Charter) Eysswith on the vigil of Giles (31 Aug); feria gr 22 Sept 1214, by K John to William de Abrinc. To be held at the manor (RCh, p. 201). In 1214, William de Abrincis owed one goshawk for having the market and fair at his town (PR, 16 John, p. 32).

FORDWICH 6178 1597. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 129; Darby, p. 365). Perhaps from the seventh century a commerical settlement dependent on Canterbury, Kent (q.v.). In 1086, this was described as a small borough (Alecto Historical Editions, The Kent Domesday (London, 1992), p. 28).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

FRINDSBURY 5740 1698.
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1312, held by John P of Rochester (QW, p. 320). The feast of the fair was not given.

GILLINGHAM 5777 1668.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 30 May 1336, by K Edw III to John archbp of Canterbury. To be held at the manor. Vacated because otherwise below’. The market was granted again by K Edw III to John archbp of Canterbury on the same day (CChR, 1327–41, pp. 360, 373). There is no evidence for the market between the 1370s and 1390s; it is possible that it was not established (Mate, pp. 63–4).
F (Charter) f+7, Invention of Holy Cross (3 May); gr 30 May 1336, by K Edw III to John archbp of Canterbury. To be held at the manor. Vacated because otherwise below’. The fair was granted again by K Edw III to John archbp of Canterbury on the same day (CChR, 1327–41, pp. 360, 373). There is no evidence for the fair between the 1370s and 1390s; it is possible that it was not established (Mate, pp. 63–4).

GODMERSHAM 6063 1509.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 1 Oct 1364, by K Edw III to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 190). In 1374, it was alleged that the market was detrimental to that at Chilham, Kent (q.v.) (Mate, p. 68).
F (Prescriptive) f, Laurence (10 Aug); feria recorded 1312, held by P of Christchurch, Canterbury (QW, p. 325).
F (Charter) Thurs and Fri in Whit week (Easter dep); gr 1 Oct 1364, by K Edw III to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 190). To be held at the manor.

GOUDHURST 5726 1379. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 26 Feb 1380, by K Ric II to Joan, late the wife of Roger Beggebury and John, Henry, Thomas and Ralph, sons and heirs of the said Roger and the heirs of the sons (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 258). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 26 Feb 1380, by K Ric II to Joan, late the wife of Roger Beggebury and John, Henry, Thomas and Ralph, sons and heirs of the said Roger and the heirs of the sons (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 258). To be held at the manor.

GRAVESEND 5646 1740. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 25 Jan; 13 Oct (Harrison, pp. 392, 396).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 8 Jun 1366, by K Edw III to men of the town of Gravesend (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 194).
F (Charter) f, Trans of Edward, king and confessor (13 Oct); gr 8 Jun 1366, by K Edw III to men of the town of Gravesend (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 194).

GREAT CHART 5983 1422. Fair 1587, 25 Mar [Lady day in Lent] (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 5 Feb 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 80).

GREAT MONGEHAM 6346 1515. The 1251 charter implies that there was one market and one fair, which were to be held at both Great Mongeham and at Sholden, Kent. The two settlements are less than one mile apart. In 1279, a jury confirmed that Bertram de Kirioll was holding a market at Yvingham and Stonilden, by charter of K Hen III (QW, p. 343). Stonilden (as a misreading of Scouildon’) could refer to Sholden. Yvingham does not appear to refer to any place within Great Mongeham; the nearest name form in Kent seems to be that of Islingham Farm, in Frindsbury near Rochester.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 24 Apr 1251, by K Hen III to Bertram de Crioll. To be held at Monigeham’ [Great Mongeham] and Shoueldon’ [Sholden] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 356).
F (Charter) vfm, Luke (18 Oct); gr 24 Apr 1251, by K Hen III to Bertram de Crioll. To be held at Monigeham’ [Great Mongeham] and Shoueldon’ [Sholden] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 356).

GREAT STONAR 6338 1595. Part of the estate of Minster, Kent (q.v.) on the Isle of Thanet, which was granted to St Augustine’s abbey, Canterbury, by K Cnut (Alecto Historical Editions, The Kent Domesday (London, 1992), p. 32). As a port and trading centre it was a rival to Sandwich, Kent (q.v.), which belonged to Canterbury catherdral priory. Great Stonar and Sandwich came eventually to be associated as a Cinque Port.
M (Charter) gr 1189x99, by K Ric I to A of St Augustine’s, Canterbury. On 9 Feb 1227 the A of St Augustine's, Canterbury, gave 60 marks for confirming four charters of K John concerning liberties, tithes, churches and the 'market on the Isle of Thanet'. On 18 Feb 1227, K Hen III granted a market to the A of St Augustine’s, Canterbury, pursuant to a charter of K Ric I and a confirmation of K John. The day of the market was not given (CChR, 1226–57, p. 12; C 60/25. m. 9). On 5 Feb 1446, this was confirmed by K Hen VI to the A and C of St Augustine, Canterbury; the charter was said to have been granted by the king’s ancestors. The day of the market was not given (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 56–7).

GROOMBRIDGE 5529 1373.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 25 Feb 1286, by K Edw I to Henry de Cobeham and Joan his wife (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 329). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, John before the Latin Gate (6 May); gr 25 Feb 1286, by K Edw I to Henry de Cobeham and Joan his wife (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 329). To be held at the manor.

HARRIETSHAM 5865 1527.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria recorded 1312, held by John de Northwode the elder (QW, p. 327).

HAWKHURST 5760 1305.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 3 Mar 1312, by K Edw II to A and C of Battle. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 189). A of Battle was holding a market in 1312 (QW, p. 334).
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 3 Mar 1312, by K Edw II to A and C of Battle. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 189). A of Battle was holding a fair in 1312 (QW, p. 334).

HEADCORN 5832 1443. Hospital said to have been founded by K Hen III, in or before 1234 (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 383).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 3 Jun 1251, by K Hen III to Master and brethren of the king’s hospital of Ospreng [Ospringe, hospital of St Mary] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 362).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 3 Jun 1251, by K Hen III to Master and brethren of the king’s hospital of Ospreng [Ospringe, hospital of St Mary] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 362).

HERNE 6181 1681.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 10 May 1351, by K Edw III to Simon, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 124). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Martin (11 Nov); gr 10 May 1351, by K Edw III to Simon, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 124). To be held at the manor.

HIGHAM 5728 1731. The priory dedicated to St Mary was built on land granted to Mary, daughter of K Steph. In c.1148, Mary and other nuns of St Sulphice-la-Foret, Brittany, moved to Higham. Higham priory was also known as Lillechurch (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 259).
F (Charter) f+2, Michael (29 Sept); gr 1199x1216, by K John to abbey of St Mary and St Sulpice and Ps and N of Lillechurch [Higham priory]. On 6 Jul 1227, K Hen III confirmed this grant to the abbey of St Mary and St Sulpice and Ps and N of Lillechurch (CChR, 1226–57, p. 50). On 4 Sept 1289, K Edw I granted the Ps and N of Lillechurch a fair on vfm Michael, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 339). In 1312, the Ps of Hegham was holding the fair (QW, p. 323).

HOLLINGBOURNE 5844 1554.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 5 Feb 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 79).
F (Charter) vf+2, Anne (26 Jul); gr 5 Feb 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 79).

HOO ST WERBURGH 5793 1721. Grid references are to Abbot’s Court, approximately half a mile east of Hoo St Werburgh. For the history of Hoo St Werburgh, see Allhallows, Kent (q.v.).
M (Prescriptive) recorded ante 7 Dec 1189, mercatum, held by Maud de Canvill. On 7 Dec 1189, K Ric I confirmed by charter to the abbey of Boxley (Kent) a market in Ho’ given by Maud de Canvill (Monasticon, v, p. 461). This market was probably at or just outside Hoo St Werburgh, where Abbot’s Court, approximately half a mile from the parish ch, probably represents the abbey’s interest (E. Hasted, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, 2nd edition, iv (Canterbury, 1789), p. 10).

HUNTON 5718 1495.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 18 Mar 1257, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Lenham. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 463). In 1312, John de Lenham claimed the market, but this was disallowed as the market was stated not to have been held (QW, p. 324).
F (Charter) vf+3, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 18 Mar 1257, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Lenham. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 463). In 1312, John de Lenham was holding the fair, which was worth 3d. per annum (QW, p. 324).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Augustine apostle of the English (26 May); recorded 5 Feb 1446, held by A and C of St Augustine, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 56–7). The fair was held at the manor. It was said to have been granted by the king’s ancestors.

HYTHE 6161 1342. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 129; Darby, p. 365). Mint 1042–1100. Succeeded Lympne, Kent (q.v) as a port and mint. Borough in Domesday Book. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 17 Nov; 20 Nov (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) Noted in 1283-5 (K. Witney ed., The Survey of Archbishop Pecham's Kentish Manors, 1283–85, Kent Records 28, (Maidstone, 2000), pp. 223, 357). .
F (Charter) vfm+1, Edmund, king and martyr (20 Nov); gr 9 May 1261, by K Hen III to barons and good men of Hythe (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 36). Grant in identical terms 17 June 1278, by K Edw I (East Kent Archives Centre h/1004)

IGHTHAM 5593 1565.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 22 Dec 1315, by K Edw II to William Inge and Isolde his wife (CChR, 1300–26, p. 289). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 22 Dec 1315, by K Edw II to William Inge and Isolde his wife (CChR, 1300–26, p. 289). To be held at the manor.

KEMSING 5554 1586.
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 20 Jun 1219, by K Hen III to Falk de Breaut (RLC, i, p. 393). To be held at the manor.

KINGSTON 6197 1513.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Giles (1 Sept); feria recorded 1293, held by Alexander de Baliol. In 1312, Bartholomew de Baddlesmere was holding the fair, which he claimed had been held by Alexander de Baliol and Isabelle his wife, and the heirs of Isabelle, from time out of mind (QW, pp. 322, 360).
F (Charter) vfm, Leonard the A (6 Nov); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 282). To be held at the manor.

LAMBERHURST 5676 1362.
M (Grant: other) forum, gr 1198, by K Ric I to Emma de Creuecuer. Nova Oblata: Emma paid 2m. to have the market, just as it was ordered before the king’s justices. The day of the market was not given (PR, 8 Ric I, pp. 289–90).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 1 Jun 1314, by K Edw II to W archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1300–26, p. 274). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 1 Jun 1314, by K Edw II to W archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1300–26, p. 274). To be held at the manor.

LENHAM 5914 1498. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 27 May; 21 Sept (Harrison, pp. 394, 396).
M (Prescriptive) Tues; existed by 1252 (H. Hall, ed., A Formula Book of English Official Historical Documents, 2 vols. (Cambridge, 1908–99), vol. 2, pp. 89–90; recorded 1312, mercatum, held by A of St Augustine’s, Canterbury (QW, p. 318).
F (Charter) vfm, Augustine (26 May); gr 30 Apr 1337, by K Edw III to A and C of St Augustine’s, Canterbury (CChR, 1327–41, p. 399). On 28 Apr 1355, K Edw III granted a fair to the A and C of St Augustine’s, Canterbury on vfm Augustine the apostle of the English, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 143).

LESSNESS 5492 1782. Lessness and Erith were part of the lordship of Chilham. Lessness was approximately one mile west of Erith, which was on the river Thames. The lordship of Chilham was held by Roesia de Dover, who married her second husband, William de Wilton, before 1253. Her daughter Isabel married firstly David, earl of Athol and secondly, c.1270, Alexander de Balliol. On Alexander’s death c.1310–11, the lordship reverted to the Crown and then passed to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (I.J. Sanders, English Baronies: a study of their origin and descent 1086–1327 (Oxford, 1960), pp. 111–12). Fair 1587, 25 Jul (Harrison, p. 395).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 5 Nov 1256, by K Hen III to William de Wilton and Roesia his wife. To be held at the manor of Lesnes (CChR, 1226–57, p. 452). On 12 Aug 1315, K Edw II granted Bartholomew de Baddlesmere a Thurs market at the manor of Lesnes; however, this part of the charter was vacated. In the same charter, Bartholomew was granted a Thurs market at the manor of Erheth [Erith] (CChR, 1300–26, p. 282).
F (Charter) vf+3, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 5 Nov 1256, by K Hen III to William de Wilton and Roesia his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 452). To be held at the manor of Lesnes.
F (Charter) vfm, Invention of the Cross (3 May); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 282). To be held at the manor of Erheth [Erith]. In the same charter, Bartholomew was granted a fair on vfm Invention of the Cross at the manor of of Lesnes; however, this part of the charter was vacated.
F (Charter) Mon, Tues and Wed in Whitsuntide (Easter dep); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 282). To be held at the manor of Erheth [Erith]. In the same charter, Bartholomew was granted a fair on Mon, Tues and Wed in Whitsuntide at the manor of Lesnes; however, this part of the charter was vacated.

LEWISHAM 5381 1750. The abbey of St Peter’s, Ghent, probably held Lewisham from the tenth century. The portus recorded under Lewisham in Domesday Book presents a problem. It could have denoted a market at Lewisham itself, but since the estate included Woolwich, Kent (q.v..) and Greenwich, both on the river Thames, it could have denoted a riverside landing place and/or market. Another possibility is that the portus refers to the abbey’s property in London, part of which was close to the river frontage. In 1293, the A of Ghent denied that he claimed a market or a fair at Lewisham (QW, p. 361).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1086, portus, held by A of Ghent. From the profits of the market, 40s.’. The A of Ghent was holding Lewisham from K Wil I; he had held it from K Edw the Confessor (Alecto Historical Editions, The Kent Domesday (London, 1992), f12v; Darby, p. 369).

LOWER HALSTOW 5860 1673.
F (Charter) vf, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 10 May 1235, by K Hen III to ch of the Holy Trinity, Canterbury and the P and M (CChR, 1226–57, p. 202). Fair to be held at the ch of St Margaret, Halstow (Holowestowe in Berkesour’). They had been pardoned (in perdonis).

LYDD 6040 1210. Borough 1154x58 (BF, p. 129). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 11 Jul (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Prescriptive: borough) c.1399: order by Richard II (dated 26 May, no year given) to inquire into an illicit weekly market at Lydd held by the men of Lydd and Brookland (East Kent Archives Centre NR FAc 2, f. 53, New Romney Corporation Assessment Book, 1384–1446; calendared in HMC 5th Report (1876), p. 536). This may relate to the payment in 1394–5 of expenses by the New Romney authorities 'to gain an order of the Lord Archbishop, as to destroying the market, except upon feast days' (Kent Archives Service NR FAc 2, f. 36v, New Romney Corporation Assessment Book, 1384–1446; calendared in HMC 5th Report (1876), p. 535). A market at Lydd is well documented from the mid-fifteenth century: A. Finn ed., Records of Lydd (Ashford, 1911), passim.
F (Charter) 12 Jul+2, gr 25 May 1494, by K Hen VII to bailiffs, jurats and commonalty of the town of Lydd (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 270).

LYMPNE 6119 1350. Mint 924–939, 970s–1042. A Roman port and coastal fort and a trading centre in the tenth and eleventh centuries, but subsequently cut off from the sea and succeeded by Hythe, Kent (q.v.).
M (Prescriptive: mint) No further information for the market.

MAIDSTONE 5759 1556. Borough 1474. Incorporated in 1549 (BF, p. 129). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 2 Feb; 1 May; 9 Jun; 6 Oct (Harrison, pp. 392–4, 396).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 25 Jun 1261, by K Hen III to B. archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 37). To be held at Petrisfeld’. The likelihood of a prescriptive market before the mid-twelfth century is argued (but without substantive evidence) by R. Holt in P. Clark and L. Murfin, The History of Maidstone: the Making of a Modern County Town (Stroud, 1995), pp22–4.
F (Charter) f, Trans of Edmund the Confessor (9 Jun); gr 23 Oct 1268, by K Hen III to master Hugh de Mortuo Mari, parson of the ch of Maidstone (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 113). To be held at the chapel of Faith.

MEOPHAM 5644 1660.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 5 Feb 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 80).
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 5 Feb 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 80).

MEREWORTH 5660 1538.
F (Charter) vfm, Laurence (10 Aug); gr 18 Jul 1290, by K Edw I to Roger de Merewrth. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, pp. 367–8). In 1312, John de Mereworth, son of the grantee, was holding the fair (QW, p. 314).

MILTON REGIS 5896 1647. An important settlement and perhaps a royal centre in the sixth century. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Letter Close) Thurs; gr 24 Dec 1319, by K Edw II (CCR, 1318–22, p. 173). To be held at the manor of Middelton, which was in the hands’ of Qu Isabella. Mandate to the sh of Kent to proclaim the market in his county court.
F (Letter Close) vf+2, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 24 Dec 1319, by K Edw II (CCR, 1318–22, p. 173). To be held at the manor of Middelton, which was in the hands’ of Qu Isabella. Mandate to the sh of Kent to proclaim the fair in his county court.
Middelton is identified as Milton in the index of the CCR, but see also J.K. Wallenberg, Kentish Place-Names: a topographical and etymological study of the place-name material in Kentish charters dated before the conquest (Uppsala, 1931), pp. 253–4.

MINSTER 6311 1645. On the Isle of Thanet. A nunnery was founded here in the late seventh century; St Mildred, an early abbess, died there c.700. By the early eleventh century, the house was disbanded. In 1027, K Cnut granted Minster to St Augustine’s abbey, Canterbury, which soon afterwards had a harbour at Minster. It subsequently became the most important abbey estate, with a house of Benedictine monks, although these were never styled a priory or a cell (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 70). See also Great Stonar, Kent (q.v.), which was part of the Minster estate.
M (Prescriptive) Fri; recorded 1293, held by A of St Augustine’s, Canterbury, who claimed that the market had been held from time immemorial (QW, p. 367).
F (Prescriptive) vf, Mildred the Virgin (13 Jul); recorded 1293, held by A of St Augustine’s, Canterbury, who claimed that the fair had been held from time immemorial (QW, p. 367).

MINSTER 5956 1730. In Sheppey. A nunnery was founded here by c.670 by Sexburga, widow of a king of Kent. The house was probably destroyed in the ninth century. It was re-established in the twelfth century, or perhaps under K Wil I (Medieval Religious Houses, pp. 261, 282).
F (Prescriptive) f, Sexburga (6 Jul); recorded ante 24 May 1343, held by Ps and N of Sheppey [Minster priory] (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 20). On 24 May 1343, K Edw III inspected a charter dated 15 Mar 1329, which in turn inspected a charter dated 7 Apr 1234 and another charter of K Hen III, by which the Ps and C of Sheppey held the fair. However, the charter of 7 Apr 1234 does not mention a fair. The Ps and C of Sheppey complained that they had been prevented from holding the fair on f Sexburga and as a result K Edw III granted them a fair at the town of Minster in Sheppey (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 20; Monasticon, ii, p. 50) The feast of Sexburga has been assumed to be that celebrated at Canterbury.

MOATENDEN 5819 1464. The Trinitarians first came to England in 1224; Moatenden, their first house, was founded at the same time (Medieval Religious Houses, pp. 205–6).
F (Charter) vf+6, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 20 Mar 1254, by K Hen III to Master of the house of Modenden, Kent, of the Trinitarian order [Moatenden, Trinitarian house] (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2462; CPR, 1247–58, p. 279). To be held at the manor.

MONKTON 6283 1650.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 5 Feb 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 79–80).
F (Charter) vf+2, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 5 Feb 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Christchurch, Canterbury (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 79–80 ).

MOTE 5781 1551.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 9 Nov 1266, by K Hen III to Roger de Leyburn (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 61).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 9 Nov 1266, by K Hen III to Roger Leyburn (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 61).

NEW ROMNEY 6064 1248. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 130; Darby, p. 365). Mint c.979–1135. New Romney, a relatively important place from the eighth century onwards, seems always to have been the site of the port and market, while Old Romney was a minor up-river settlement: M. Gardiner, 'Old Romney: an examination of the evidence for a lost Saxo-Norman port', Archaeologia Cantiana, 114 (1994), pp329–45; J. Eddison, Romney Marsh: Survival on a Frontier (Stroud, 2000), pp74–6. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 1 Aug (Harrison, p. 395).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint). 1283–5: mentions of market, stalage and toll (K. Witney ed., The Survey of Archbishop Pecham's Kentish Manors, 1283–85, Kent Records 28, (Maidstone, 2000), pp. 223, 357). Several specialist markets in the town are noted in the late 14th century (K.M.E. Murray ed., Register of Daniel Rough, Kent Records 16 (1945), pp. xxxvii–xxxviii.

NEWENDEN 5834 1271. Borough 1227 (BF, p. 129).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum. Market said to be worth 40s., less 5d. (Darby, p. 369). In 1312, Godfrey le Waleys was holding a Thurs market, which he successfully claimed that his ancestors had held from time out of mind (QW, p. 324).

NEWNHAM 5954 1577.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 20 Oct 1303, by K Edw I to John de Campania. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 37). John de Campania was holding the market in 1312 (QW, pp. 313–14).
F (Charter) vf, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 20 Oct 1303, by K Edw I to John de Campania. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 37). John de Campania was holding the fair in 1312 (QW, pp. 313–14).

NORTHFLEET 5625 1740. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, Tues in Easter week (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1303–4, held by archbp of Canterbury. Market recorded in the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries (Mate, p. 73).
F (Charter) to begin in the middle of May and to last for ten days, feria gr 16 Mar 1201, by K John to H archbp of Canterbury. To be held at the manor (RCh, p. 91). In 1200, Nova Oblata: H. archbp of Canterbury owed four palfreys for the fair (PR, 3 John, pp. 290–1). Fair recorded in 1303–4 (Mate, p. 73).

ORLESTONE 5994 1347.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 1 Jan 1267, by K Hen III to William de Orlaveston. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 67). In 1312, it was stated that neither William son of John de Orlandston, grandson of the grantee, nor his ancestors, had used the market. It was not to be used in future (QW, p. 329).
F (Charter) vfm, Invention of the Cross (3 May); gr 1 Jan 1267, by K Hen III to William de Orlaveston. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 67). In 1312, it was stated that neither William son of John de Orlandston, grandson of the grantee, nor his ancestors, had used the fair. It was not to be used in future (QW, p. 329).

ORPINGTON 5460 1657. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 4 Apr 1206, by K John to ch and M of Christchurch, Canterbury (RCh, p. 163b).

OSPRINGE 6001 1607.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 11 Feb 1227, held by Hubert de Burgh and Margaret his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 11).
F (Prescriptive) recorded 11 Feb 1227, held by Hubert de Burgh and Margaret his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 11).

PARROCK 5649 1736. Parrock is identfied as Paddock, in Milton by Gravesend, in the index of both volumes of the CChR. However, Wallenberg identifies the location as Parrock, in Milton (J.K. Wallenberg, Kentish Place-Names: a topographical and etymological study of the place-name material in Kentish charters dated before the conquest (Uppsala, 1931), p. 106) The grid references relate to Parrock Street in Milton, which is by Gravesend, Kent (q.v.).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 15 Jan 1253, by K Hen III to Robert de la Parrok (CChR, 1226–57, p. 416). To be held at la Parrock.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 12 Feb 1268, by K Hen III to Robert de la Parrok (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 89). To be held at la Parrock.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 15 Jan 1253, by K Hen III to Robert de la Parrok (CChR, 1226–57, p. 416). To be held at la Parrock.
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Edmund (9 Jun); gr 12 Feb 1268, by K Hen III to Robert de la Parrok (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 89). To be held at la Parrock.

PLUMSTEAD 5447 1785.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 1 Apr 1270, by K Hen III to A and C of St Augustine’s, Canterbury. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 138). In 1312, the A of St Augustine’s, Canterbury, was holding the market (QW, p. 319). On 5 Feb 1446, K Hen VI confirmed to the A and C of St Augustine, Canterbury, the market (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 56–7).
F (Charter) vfm, Nicholas (6 Dec); gr 1 Apr 1270, by K Hen III to A and C of St Augustine’s, Canterbury. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 138). In 1312, the A of St Augustine’s, Canterbury, was holding the fair (QW, p. 319). On 5 Feb 1446, K Hen VI confirmed to the A and C of St Augustine, Canterbury, the fair (CChR, 1427–1516, pp. 56–7).

PRESTON BY WINGHAM 6252 1560. Juliana, daughter of William Leyburn died without heirs during the reign of K Edw III. The estate devolved to the Crown; subsequently K Ric II granted it to Simon de Burley (W.H. Ireland, A History of the County of Kent (London, 1829), ii, p. 517).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 11 Feb 1307, by K Edw I to William de Leyburn (CChR, 1300–26, p. 83). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 18 Jun 1386, by K Ric II to Simon de Burley, the king’s kn (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 302). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Invention of the Cross (3 May); gr 11 Feb 1307, by K Edw I to William de Leyburn (CChR, 1300–26, p. 83). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f+2, Mildred (13 Jul); gr 18 Jun 1386, by K Ric II to Simon de Burley, the king’s kn (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 302). To be held at the manor.

QUEENBOROUGH 5912 1720. Borough 1368 (BF, p. 129). The town was founded in association with a castle intended to protect the river Medway.
M (Charter) Mon, Thurs; gr 10 May 1368, by K Edw III to inhabitants of Queenborough (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 211). To be held at the borough.
F (Charter) 4 Mar+7 days, gr 10 May 1368, by K Edw III to inhabitants of Queenborough (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 211). To be held at the borough.
F (Charter) f+5, James the Apostle in the month of Jul (25 Jul); gr 10 May 1368, by K Edw III to inhabitants of Queenborough (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 211). To be held at the borough.

RECULVER 6227 1688. A trading centre in the seventh and eighth centuries (S. Kelly, 'Trading Privileges from Eighth-Century England', Early Medieval Europe, 1 (1992), pp. 3–28). Fair 1587, 8 Sept (Harrison, p. 395).
M (Grant: other) Thurs; mercatum, gr 6 Aug 1220, by K Hen III to archbp of Canterbury. To be held at the manor of Raculf. Mandate to the sh of Kent (C 60/12 m. 3). 1221, Nova Oblata: S. archbp of Canterbury owed one palfrey for the Thurs market. To be held at the manor of Raculf. (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 208).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 17 Feb 1314, by K Edw II to Walter, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1300–26, p. 235). To be held at the manor.

RINGSWOULD 6358 1482.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 282). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nicholas (6 Dec); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 282). To be held at the manor.

ROCHESTER 5744 1681. Borough 1086 (Darby, p. 365). Mint before 924–939, 970s–1135. Roman city at the crossing of the river Medway. The Benedictine cathedral of St Andrew was founded by K Ethelbert of Kent; the first bishop was consecrated in 604. Borough and civitas in Domesday Book. Under Bp Gundulf (1077x1107) the construction of a new cathedral was begun. Incorporated in 1446 (BF, p. 130; Darby, p. 365). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 19 May; 30 Nov (Harrison, pp. 394, 396).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) No further information for the market.
F (Grant: other) vf, Paulinus (10 Oct); gr 1100x07 , by K Hen I to SS Andrew and Paulinus, Rochester and to Bp Gundulf and the M [Rochester Cathedral priory] (Regesta, ii, no. 868; CChR, 1257–1300, p. 195). In 1130x33, this grant was confirmed by K Hen I (Regesta, ii, no. 1867). On 10 Nov 1275, K Edw I inspected this charter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 195). Fair recorded in 1312 (QW, p. 320).
F (Charter) vfm, Dunstan the bp (19 May); gr 1 Jun 1446, by K Hen VI to citizens of Rochester (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 63). On 14 Dec 1462, K Edw IV granted the mayor and citizens the fair (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 179).

RUCKINGE 6025 1336.
F (Prescriptive) f, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); feria recorded 1312, held by P of Christchurch, Canterbury (QW, p. 326).

ST MARY CRAY 5467 1675. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1278–9, mercatum, held by P of Christchurch, Canterbury, who claimed a market at Cley each week of the year and all that pertained to it. The day of the market was not given (QW, p. 348).
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 4 Jul 1281, by K Edw I to Gregory de Rokeslee. In 1332–3, Reginald de Rokesle was summoned to answer why he had a weekly market (mercatum) on Wed at Sentlyng Crey B[eat]e Marie in the hundred of Rokesleye (St Mary Cray). Reginald stated that K Edw I had granted to Gregory de Rokeslee, his ancestor, a Wed market at the manor of Sandlyngg and he showed the charter (QW, p. 317).
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); gr 4 Jul 1281, by K Edw I to Gregory de Rokeslee. In 1332–3, Reginald de Rokesle was summoned to answer why he had a fair (feria) on f Assumption of Mary at Sentlyng Crey B[eat]e Marie in the hundred of Rokesleye (St Mary Cray). Reginald stated that K Edw I had granted to Gregory de Rokeslee, his ancestor, a fair on vfm Assumption of Mary at the manor of Sandlyngg and he showed the charter (QW, p. 317).

ST NICHOLAS AT WADE 6265 1666. On the Isle of Thanet.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 30 May 1336, by K Edw III to John, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1327–41, p. 360). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) m+1, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 30 May 1336, by K Edw III to John, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1327–41, p. 360). To be held at the manor.

SALMESTONE GRANGE 6355 1694. On the Isle of Thanet. A grange and manor, with a chapel and buildings for the Benedictine monks of St Augustine’s, Canterbury (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 75).
F (Letter Close) vf, Bartholomew (24 Aug); feria gr 23 Jun 1225, by K Hen III to A of St Augustine’s, Canterbury (RLC, ii, p. 46). To be held until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Kent to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held.

SANDLING 5753 1580.
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 23 Oct 1253, by K Hen III to John de Mares (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2131; CPR, 1247–58, p. 246). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Hippolitus (13 Aug); feria gr 23 Oct 1253, by K Hen III to John de Mares (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2131; CPR, 1247–58, p. 246). To be held at the manor.

SANDWICH 6330 1578. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 130; Darby, p. 365). Mint 1042–1154. On the Wantsum channel, an important focus of trade from Roman times onwards. A naval battle here in 851 suggests that Sandwich was at that time a trading centre. In 1023, the port of Sandwich, evidently a prosperous site of trade, was confirmed in the possession of Canterbury cathedral priory. Described as portus in 1093 (Regesta, i, no. 336). See also Great Stonar, Kent (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 23 Nov (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint). In 1252 Sandwich had a Wednesday market (H. Hall, ed., A Formula Book of English Official Historical Documents, 2 vols. (Cambridge, 1908–99), vol. 2, pp. 89–90).
F (Charter) Circumcision to the Purification (1 Jan to 2 Feb); gr 13 Jul 1290, by K Edw I to Eleanor [of Castile], Qu of England and the king’s heirs. To be held at the town (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 368). On 15 Jun 1317, K Edw II ordered the sh of Kent to proclaim that a fair of 40 days would be held on m+39 Epiphany (6 Jan) at Sandwich (CCR, 1313–18, p. 415). It seems likely that this was connected to the fair granted in 1290, as K Edw II was the son and heir of K Edw I and Eleanor of Castile.
F (Charter) 15+f+15, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 13 Jul 1290, by K Edw I to Eleanor [of Castile], Qu of England and the king’s heirs (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 368). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) 15+f+15, Michaelmas (29 Sept); gr 13 Jul 1290, by K Edw I to Eleanor [of Castile], Qu of England, and the king’s heirs (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 368). To be held at the town.
F (Letter Patent) 30 days, to commence on 7 Feb; gr 14 Nov 1504, by K Hen VII to the mayor and jurats and the whole commonalty of Sandwich (CPR, 1494–1509, p. 402). It is possible that this fair was intended to supersede that granted in 1317.
F (Letter Patent) 30 days, to commence on 5 Jun; gr 14 Nov 1504, by K Hen VII to the mayor and jurats and the whole commonalty of Sandwich (CPR, 1494–1509, p. 402) It is possible that this fair was intended to supersede that granted in 1290, based on the Nativity of John the Baptist.

SARRE 6254 1649. Circumstantial evidence suggests that this was the Thurs market to be held at the manor of Schienes’, for which in 1219 one Bertram de Schorn’ owed a palfrey. The text indicates that the name Schorn’ has been corrected on the manuscript, whilst the index of the printed Pipe roll identifies Schienes’ as Shorne? (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 149). In 1220 and 1221, Bertram de Crioil owed a palfrey for a mercatum in Kent, presumably this one (PR, 4 Hen III, p. 161; PR, 5 Hen III, p. 205). See also Shorne Kent (q.v.).
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 29 Dec 1219, by K Hen III to Bertram de Serres. To be held at Serres (i.e. Sarre), Kent (C 60/12 m.8). On 28 Jan 1226, K Hen III granted Bertram de Crioil a Thurs market to be held at the manor of Serres until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Kent to make the market known throughout his bailiwick and cause it to be held (RLC, ii, p. 96).

SEAL 5550 1566.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 9 Aug 1233, by K Hen III to Eleanor, countess of Pembroke, the king’s sister (CChR, 1226–57, p. 186). Grant made for Eleanor’s life. To be held at the manor. Mandate to sh of Kent to proclaim the market and cause it to be held, 5 Aug 1233 (CR, 1231–4, p. 243). Eleanor left England in 1265 and died in 1275 (J.R. Maddicott, Simon de Montfort (Cambridge, 1994), pp. 369–70).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 1 Jan 1285, by K Edw I to Otto de Grandison. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 284). Market granted by K Edw III to Thomas de Graunson on 6 Oct 1366 (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 95).
F (Charter) vfm, Edith the virgin (16 Sept); gr 9 Aug 1233, by K Hen III (CChR, 1226–57, p. 186). Grant made for Eleanor’s life. To be held at the manor. Mandate to sh of Kent to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 5 Aug 1233 (CR, 1231–4, p. 243). Eleanor left England in 1265 and died in 1275 (J.R. Maddicott, Simon de Montfort (Cambridge, 1994), pp. 369–70).
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 1 Jan 1285, by K Edw I to Otto de Grandison. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 284). Fair granted by K Edw III to Thomas de Graunson on 6 Oct 1366 (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 95).

SEASALTER 6088 1652. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 130; Darby, p. 365). In 1086, this was described as a small borough which belonged to the archbishop of Canterbury’s kitchen (Alecto Historical Editions, The Kent Domesday (London, 1992), p. 28, f. 5).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

SEVENOAKS 5524 1551. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 6 Dec (Harrison, p. 397).
M There are references to the market from 1281 onwards: J. Dunlop, The Pleasant Town of Sevenoaks (Sevenoaks, 1964), pp. 66–7 (apparently citing Otford manor court roll entries of 1281 and 1292); H.W. Knocker, 'Sevenoaks: the Manor, Church and Market', Archaeologia Cantiana, 38 (1926), pp51–68 (citations include Kent eyre roll, 1313); D. Clarke and A. Stoyel, Otford in Kent: a History (Otford, 1975), pp. 95–7; F.R.H. Du Boulay. 'The Assembling of an Estate: Knole in Sevenoaks, c.1275–c.1525', Archaeologia Cantiana, 89 (1974), pp.1–10. McLain states that there was a Sat market at Sevenoaks, but cites no evidence (B. McLain, Factors in market establishment in medieval England: the evidence from Kent, 1086-1350', Archaeologia Cantiana (1997), p. 102).
F (Charter) 8, 9 and 10 May, gr 15 Mar 1491, by K Hen VII to John, archbp of Canterbury, the chancellor (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 269). To be held at the town in a place called le Vyne’.

SHIPBOURNE 5591 1521.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 1 Aug 1285, by K Edw I to Adam de Bavent. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 319). Roger de Bavent, son of the grantee, was holding the market in 1312 (QW, p. 312).
F (Charter) vfm, Giles the A (1 Sept); gr 1 Aug 1285, by K Edw I to Adam de Bavent. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 319). Roger de Bavent, son of the grantee, was holding the fair in 1312 (QW, p. 312).

SHORNE 5692 1708. It is possible that in 1219 a market in Shorne had been granted to Bertram de Schorn’, but the grantee’s name is uncertain and circumstantial evidence points to Sarre, Kent (q.v.) rather than Shorne.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 29 May 1271, by K Hen III to Roger de Northwode. To be held at the manor of Shorne (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 169). In 1312, John de Northwode the elder, son of the grantee, was holding the market at Shorne (QW, p. 327).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 29 May 1271, by K Hen III to Roger de Northwode. To be held at the manor of Shorne (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 169). In 1312, John de Northwode the elder, son of the grantee, was holding the fair at Shorne (QW, p. 327).

SINGLEWELL 5649 1709.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 20 Jan 1331, by K Edw III to Thomas de Herve (CChR, 1327–41, p. 199). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Laurence (10 Aug); gr 20 Jan 1331, by K Edw III to Thomas de Herve (CChR, 1327–41, p. 199). To be held at the manor.

SMARDEN 5879 1422. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 6 Feb 1332, by K Edw III to Simon, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1327–41, p. 260). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+3, Michael (29 Sept); gr 6 Feb 1332, by K Edw III to Simon, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1327–41, p. 260). To be held at the manor.

SMEETH 6071 1396.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 25 Jun 1337, by K Edw III to John archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1327–41, p. 423). To be held at the manor.

SOUTHFLEET 5615 1710.
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1293, held by P of Rochester (QW, p. 362). In 1312, a fair on f Nicholas (6 Dec) was claimed by brother John, P of the ch of Rochester (QW, p. 320).

STANSTEAD 5607 1621.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); gr 22 Dec 1315, by K Edw II to William Inge (CChR, 1300–26, p. 290).

STOCKBURY 5839 1618.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); feria recorded 1312, held by Nicholas de Oryel (QW, pp. 324–5). Nicholas de Oryel claimed to hold the fair from time out of mind.

STOKE 5823 1750.
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1312, held by John P of Rochester (QW, p. 320).

STOWTING 6124 1417.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 2 Oct 1214, by K John to Stephen de Harengod. To be held at the manor (RCh, p. 201b). Mandate to sh of Kent, 17 Mar 1215. The location of the market was not given (RLC, i, p. 191).
F (Charter) vf, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); feria gr 2 Oct 1214, by K John to Stephen Harengod (RCh, p. 201). 1214, Nova Oblata: Stephen Haringot had been granted the fair by royal charter (PR, 16 John, p. 32). Mandate to sh of Kent regarding the fair, dated 17 Mar 1215. The location of the fair was not given (RLC, i, p. 191).

STREAT 6153 1533.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 28 Mar 1257, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Hadlou (CChR, 1226–57, p. 464). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Martin (11 Nov); gr 28 Mar 1257, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Hadlou (CChR, 1226–57, p. 464). To be held at the manor.

STROOD 5729 1689.
F (Letter Close) f+1, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); feria gr 19 Jul 1205, by K John to G. bp of Rochester (RLC, i, p. 42b). Mandate to the sh of Kent to make the fair known.

SUTTON VALENCE 6333 1491.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1312, mercatum, held by Adomarus de Valencia [Aymer de Valence], earl of Pembroke. The earl’s mother, Johanna de Monte Canyso, and her ancestors, had held the market from time out of mind (QW, p. 330).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Edmund (20 Nov); feria gr 22 Jul 1222, by K Hen III to Falkes de Breaute. To be held at the manor until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Kent to cause him to have the fair (RLC, i, p. 507).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1312, held by Adomarus de Valencia [Aymer de Valence], earl of Pembroke. The earl’s mother, Johanna de Monte Canyso, and her ancestors, had held the fair from time out of mind (QW, p. 330).

SWAINSTREE 5903 1638. Swainstree is now lost. It was by Sittingbourne, to which the grid references relate. The hospital of the Holy Cross was founded ante 1225; it was dissolved c.1379 (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 334; J.K. Wallenberg, Kentish Place- Names: a topographical and etymological study of the place-name material in Kentish charters dated before the conquest (Uppsala, 1931), p. 266).
F (Letter Close) vf, Invention of Holy Cross (3 May); feria gr 14 Jan 1225, by K Hen III to Master of the hospital of Holy Cross, Sweynestre. To be held at the chapel of Holy Cross, Swainstree, until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Kent to cause him to have the fair (RLC, ii, p. 13b).

TENTERDEN 5885 1335. Borough 1449 (BF, p. 131). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 26 Apr (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

TEYNHAM 5950 1625.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 11 Nov 1259, by K Hen III to Boniface, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 25).
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 11 Nov 1259, by K Hen III to Boniface, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 25).

TONBRIDGE 5590 1468. Borough 1241 (BF, p. 131). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 19 Jan 1296, forum, held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, lately deceased (CIPM, iii, no. 371).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 20 Nov 1318, by K Edw II to Hugh de Audele, the younger and Margaret his wife, the king’s neice and the heirs of the said Margaret (CChR, 1300–26, p. 395). To be held at the manor.

TONG 5984 1540.
F (Charter) vfm, Giles the A (1 Sept); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 282). To be held at the manor.

ULCOMBE 5847 1487.
M (Grant: other) Fri; gr 1216x72, mercatum, by K Hen III to Bartholomew of St Leodegario (QW pp. 313, 316). Held in the manor.
F (Grant: other) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 1216x72, by K Hen III to Bartholomew of St Leodegario (QW, pp. 313, 316). Held in the manor.

WAREHORNE 5990 1325. It is probable that the manor, with the market and fair, passed from Hugh de Windesore to Richard de Bedeford, but no direct evidence for this succession has been found.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 20 Nov 1267, by K Hen III to Hugh de Windesore (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 85). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 6 Nov 1280, by K Edw I to Richard de Bedeford (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 233). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew the Apostle (21 Sept); gr 20 Nov 1267, by K Hen III to Hugh de Windesore (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 85). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 6 Nov 1280, by K Edw I to Richard de Bedeford (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 233). To be held at the manor.

WATERINGBURY 5691 1534.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 9 Jan 1311, by K Edw II to Henry de Leyborn. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 160). Henry de Leyburn was holding the market in 1312 (QW, p. 312).
F (Charter) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 9 Jan 1311, by K Edw II to Henry de Leyborn. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 160). Henry de Leyburn was holding the fair in 1312, but only claimed the right to hold it for two days (QW, p. 312).

WEST KINGSDOWN 5573 1637.
F (Charter) vfm, Edmund, king and martyr (20 Nov); gr 12 Aug 1315, by K Edw II to Bartholomew de Baddlesmere (CChR, 1300–26, p. 283). To be held at the manor of Kyngesdoune.

WEST MALLING 5678 1575. There may have been a nunnery here from 688. St Mary’s abbey was founded as a house of Benedictine nuns by the bp of Rochester in 1090 (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 261). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Grant: other) Sat; mercatum, gr 1103, by K Hen I to N of Malling [St Mary’s abbey, Malling]. To be held in the town (Regesta, ii, no. 634; CChR, 1341–1417, p. 57). In 1312, the As of Malling was holding a Sat market, which she successfully claimed to have held from time out of mind, without interruption (QW, p. 312).
M (Prescriptive) Wed; recorded 1312, mercatum, held by As of Malling, who successfully claimed to have held the market at Malling from time out of mind, without interruption (QW, p. 312).
F (Prescriptive) vf, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); feria recorded 1312, held by As of Malling, who successfully claimed to have held the fair at Malling from time out of mind, without interruption (QW, p. 312). On 8 May 1347, John son of William de Eston and lord of Ewelle quitclaimed to the N of West Malling all his right in a fair at Ewell on the feast of St Peter’s Chains (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 63). Ewell is identified as Ewell in West Malling in the index of the CChR; Wallenberg identifies Ewell as Well Street in East Malling (J.K. Wallenberg, Kentish Place-Names: a topographical and etymological study of the place-name material in Kentish charters dated before the conquest (Uppsala, 1931), p. 149). Well Street is one mile south-east of West Malling and half a mile south-west of East Malling.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Martin (11 Nov); feria recorded 1312, held by As of Malling, who successfully claimed to have held the fair at Malling from time out of mind, without interruption. In 1314, the As claimed to have a fair on vfm Matthew the apostle (21 Sept) (QW, pp. 312, 343). This could be a scribal error for Martin.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Leonard (6 Nov); feria recorded 1312, held by As of Malling, who successfully claimed to have held the fair from time out of mind, without interruption (QW, pp. 312, 343). On 8 May 1347, John son of William de Eston and lord of Ewelle quitclaimed to the N of West Malling all his right in a fair at Ewell on the feast of Leonard (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 63). Ewell is identified as Ewell in West Malling in the index of the CChR; Wallenberg identifies Ewell as Well Street in East Malling (J.K. Wallenberg, Kentish Place-Names: a topographical and etymological study of the place-name material in Kentish charters dated before the conquest (Uppsala, 1931), p. 149). Well Street is one mile south-east of West Malling.
William de Ipra granted SS Mary and Leonard and the N [Malling abbey] a yearly market for five days. This may be a scribal error for a fair. On 8 May 1347, the grant was confirmed by K Edw III to Isabel, A of Malling and the C there (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 62).

WESTERHAM 5446 1540. It seems likely that the curia regis case from the summer of 1230, between the earl of Gloucester, plaintiff, and Thomas de Kaunvill, of a plea of an unidentified fair and market, relates to the market and fair which Thomas had recently established in Westerham (CRR, xiv, no. 317). The earl of Gloucester had a market at nearby Brasted, Kent (q.v.). When Matilda, daughter and heir of Roger de Camvill died without issue, the manor escheated to the Crown. In 1292, K Edw I granted the manor to Walter, A of Westminster. It was held by the A of Westminster until the Dissolution (W.H. Ireland, A History of the County of Kent (London, 1830), iv, p. 605). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 16 Jul 1227, by K Hen III to Thomas de Camvill (CChR, 1226–57, p. 52). Order to sh of Kent regarding the market, 24 Jul 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 194).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 1 May 1351, by K Edw III to A, P and C of Westminster (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 124). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 1 May 1351, by K Edw III to A, P and C of Westminster (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 124). To be held at the manor.

WESTWELL 5998 1474.
M (Prescriptive) Wed; recorded 1312, mercatum, held by P of Christchurch, Canterbury (QW, p. 325).

WHITFIELD 6300 1446.
F (Charter) f+2, Philip and James (1 May); gr 11 Jul 1228, by K Hen III to master and brethren of the hospital of St Mary, Dover [Dover hospital of St Mary, or Maison Dieu] (CChR, 1226–57, p. 78). To be held at Beausbergh by the manor of Whitfield.

WICKHAM WEST 5391 1653.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 16 May 1318, by K Edw II to Walter de Huntyngfeld (CChR, 1300–26, p. 376). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 16 May 1318, by K Edw II to Walter de Huntyngfeld (CChR, 1300–26, p. 376). To be held at the manor.

WINGHAM 6245 1575.
M (Prescriptive). 1252: it was reported that K Hen III's proposed grant to the archbp of Canterbury of a Tuesday market at Wingham would not harm neighbouring markets (PRO C 143/1/22; published in H Hall ed., A Formula Book of English Official Historical Documents, 2 vols. (Cambridge, 1908–9), vol 2, pp. 89–90; discussed in J. Masschaele, Peasants, Merchants and Markets, p145).

WOOLWICH 5437 1789. For a possible eleventh-century market at Woolwich, see Lewisham, Kent (q..v). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
F (Prescriptive) recorded 15 Dec 1398, held by Thomas Stoute and Agnes his wife, who were said to pay 32s. per year for a fair at a place’ in Woolwich. The feast of the fair was not given (CPR, 1396–9, p. 470).

WOULDHAM 5713 1644.
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1312, held by John P of Rochester (QW, p. 320).

WROTHAM 5609 1590. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 17 Apr 1314, by K Edw II to Walter archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1300–26, p. 271). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, George the Martyr (23 Apr); gr 17 Apr 1314, by K Edw II to Walter archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1300–26, p. 271). To be held at the manor.

WYE 6056 1468. A spurious charter of K Steph confirmed to Battle abbey the market (mercatum) in the manor of Wye (Regesta, iii, no. 51). See also Challock, Kent (q.v.), which is approximately four miles north-west of Wye. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 474). Fair 1587, 13 Mar (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Prescriptive) Thurs; recorded 1312, mercatum, held by A of Battle. Held at Wye (QW, pp. 333–4). Market recorded in 1347, 1360, 1367 and 1445 (Mate, pp. 67, 77).
F (Prescriptive) nundinae recorded 8 Mar 1252, held by A of Bello. On 8 Mar 1252, K Hen III wrote to the A of Battle and the bailiffs of his fair at Wye, stating that he had heard that they were proposing to move the fair of Wye from the town of Wye, where it ought to be held and always was accustomed to be. As it was prejudicial to the king and detrimental to the merchants coming there, K Hen III ordered them not to move the fair without his permission (CR, 1251–3, p. 200). In 1312, the A of Bello claimed a fair at Wye on vfm Gregory (12 Mar). It was claimed that the previous justices had allowed the fair as the A of Bello had a charter (QW, p. 333). Fair recorded in 1347, 1369–71 and 1445 (Mate, pp. 67, 69, 77). It is possible that this was the fair at Wy or Wych, mentioned by Langland in the late fourteenth century in association with St Giles's fair, Winchester, otherwise traditionally identified as Weyhill, Hampshire (q.v.) (see W.W. Skeat, ed., The Vision of William concerning Piers Plowman, Early English Text Society nos 28, 38, 54, 67, and 81 (London, 1867-85), Text A passus V, ll. 119-20, Text B, Passus V, ll. 205-6, Text C, Passus VII, l. 211). The usual Middle English spelling for Wye was Wy, Wie or, occasionally, Wych, Wyc (J.K. Wallenberg, Kentish Place-names (Uppsala, 1931), 182.

YALDING 5699 1498.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 20 Nov 1318, by K Edw II to Hugh de Audele, the younger and Margaret his wife, the king’s neice and the heirs of the said Margaret (CChR, 1300–26, p. 395). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 20 Nov 1318, by K Edw II to Hugh de Audele, the younger and Margaret his wife, the king’s neice and the heirs of the said Margaret (CChR, 1300–26, p. 395). To be held at the manor.

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