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Last updated: 14 July, 2010

Updates/additions since the printed Gazetteer was published in 2003 are given in red

ARKHOLME 3589 4718. 1334 Subsidy 9. The market and fair at Arkholme were sometimes said to be at Hornby, Lancashire (q.v.). It is possible that in 1498 the market was at Arkholme and the fair was at Hornby. The two settlements were only two miles apart and belonged to the same lord (VCH Lancashire, viii, pp. 192 n.16, 194 n. 61, 204 n. 4). See also VCH Lancashire, viii, pp. 192, 204.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 28 Dec 1279, by K Edw I to Geoffrey de Nevill. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 221). In 1292, Margareta, widow of Geoffrey de Nevill, was holding the market (QW, p. 380). In 1345, Robert de Nevill of Hornby alleged that his ancient market at Arkholme was being damaged by that at Lancaster, Lancashire (q.v.). This was nine miles away (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 43).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 28 Dec 1279, by K Edw I to Geoffrey de Nevill. To be held at the manor. The feast of the fair was given as John the Baptist (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 221). In 1292, Margareta, widow of Geoffrey de Nevill, was holding the fair by right of the charter; the feast was given as the Nativity of John the Baptist (QW, p. 380). In 1345, Robert de Nevill of Hornby alleged that his ancient fair at Arkholme was being damaged by that at Lancaster, Lancashire (q.v.) (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 43).

ASHTON UNDER LYNE 3941 3990. 1334 Subsidy 45. According to a charter granted to Sir George Booth in 1608, a Mon market and fairs on vfm Swithin (2 Jul) and vfm Martin (11 Nov) had been granted to Sir John de Ashton on 13 Feb 14 Hen VI (1436); the correct date may be 13 Feb 14 Hen IV (1413) (VCH Lancashire iv, p. 344, n. 71). In 1422, the tolls from the market and fairs amounted to 2m. (J. Harland ed., Three Lancashire Documents of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, The Chetham Society, lxxiv (1868), p. 102). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, 2 Jul (Harrison, p. 394). See also VCH Lancashire, iv, p. 344.
M (Prescriptive) Mon; recorded 1413?, held by Sir John de Ashton (VCH Lancashire iv, p. 344, n. 71). Market recorded in 1422; the day of the market was not given (J. Harland ed., Three Lancashire Documents of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, The Chetham Society, lxxiv (1868), p. 102). In 1498, a Mon market was held by Sir Thomas de Ashton (VCH Lancashire, iv, p. 344 n. 71).
F (Prescriptive) 1–2 Jul, recorded 1413?, held by Sir Thomas de Ashton (VCH Lancashire iv, p. 344, n. 71). In 1422, an unspecified number of fairs were recorded; the feasts of the fairs were not given (J. Harland ed., Three Lancashire Documents of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, The Chetham Society, lxxiv (1868), p. 102). In 1498, Sir Thomas de Ashton was holding a fair on 1–2 Jul (VCH Lancashire, iv, p. 344, n. 71).
F (Prescriptive) f, Martin in the Winter (11 Nov); recorded 1498, held by Sir Thomas de Ashton (VCH Lancashire, iv, p. 344 n. 71).

BOLTON 3718 4093. Borough 1253 (BF, p. 131). 1334 Subsidy 18.75. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, 20 Jul (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 14 Dec 1251, by K Hen III to William de Ferrers, earl of Derby (CChR, 1226–57, p. 374). To be held at the manor.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Fri; recorded 1498 (VCH Lancashire, v, p. 249, n. 59).
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 14 Dec 1251, by K Hen III to William de Ferrers, earl of Derby. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 374). A fair was recorded in 1295–6, the feast of which was not given (Rev. P.A. Lyons ed., Two ‘compoti’ of the Lancashire and Cheshire manors of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, Chetham Society (1884) p. 15).

BURNLEY 3839 4327. 1334 Subsidy 19.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 6 Jun 1294, by K Edw I to Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 436). Market recorded in 1295–6 (Rev. P.A. Lyons ed., Two ‘compoti’ of the Lancashire and Cheshire manors of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, Chetham Society (1884) p. 18).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 6 Jun 1294, by K Edw I to Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 436). To be held at the manor.

CASTLETON 3884 4102. 1334 Subsidy 13.50.
M (Prescriptive) Wed; recorded 26 Feb 1311, held by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln. The toll of the market was worth 20s. (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, ii, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1907), p. 15).
F (Prescriptive) f, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); recorded 26 Feb 1311, held by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln. The toll of the fair was worth 10s. (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, ii, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1907), p. 15).

CHARNOCK RICHARD 3553 4158. 1334 Subsidy 17.25. See also VCH Lancashire, vi, p. 205.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 15 Sept 1284, by K Edw I to Henry de Lee. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 278). In 1292, William Lee, the son of the grantee successfully claimed the Fri market. A jury stated that William Lee and Henry Lee, while he lived, had held the market since the granting of the charter, according to the tenor of the charter (QW, p. 369).
F (Charter) vfm, Nicholas (6 Dec); gr 15 Sept 1284, by K Edw I to Henry de Lee. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 278). In 1292, William Lee, son of the grantee, was holding a fair at Charnock Richard, granted by K Edw I to Henry Lee, his father, by this charter. However, the feast of the fair was stated to be vfm Botolph the A (17 Jun). A jury stated that William Lee and Henry Lee, while he lived, had held the fair since the granting of the charter, according to the tenor of the charter. It is likely that a scribe made an error recording the feast of the fair in one of these sources (QW, p. 369).

CHORLEY 3582 4175. Borough 1257 (BF, p. 131). 1334 Subsidy 21.75. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Tues; recorded 1498, held by Lord Strange and Joan his wife, Sir Edward Stanley and Sir Richard Shirebourne (VCH Lancashire, vi, p. 143).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); recorded 1498, held by Lord Strange and Joan his wife, Sir Edward Stanley and Sir Richard Shirebourne (VCH Lancashire, vi, p. 143).

CLITHEROE 3744 4422. Borough 1258 (BF, p. 131). 1334 Subsidy 35.25. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, 22 Jul, 8 Dec (Harrison, pp. 394, 397).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sat; recorded 1292, mercatum, held by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, who claimed that his ancestors had held the market since the time of K Wil I (QW, p. 382). Market held by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln recorded in 1295–6 (Rev. P.A. Lyons ed., Two ‘compoti’ of the Lancashire and Cheshire manors of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, Chetham Society (1884) p. 13).
F (Grant: other) fm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); feria gr 1202–3, by K John to Roger de Lacy. Fair held by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, in 1292 (QW, p. 382; later K John's grant was assigned to 1205, see Thirty-First Annual Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records (London, 1870), p. 6). In 1295–6, an unspecified number of fairs were being held by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln (Rev. P.A. Lyons ed., Two ‘compoti’ of the Lancashire and Cheshire manors of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, Chetham Society (1884) p. 13).

CROSTON 3486 4186. Borough 1195 (Beresford, unpublished list). 1334 Subsidy 15. See also VCH Lancashire, vi, p. 95.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 15 Mar 1283, by K Edw I to William de la Mare. To be held at the manor. On 1 Feb 1390, K Edw I’s charter was confirmed by K Ric II to Thomas Flemyng, kn, and Alice daughter of William de la Lee, kn, heirs of William de la Mare (CPR, 1388–92, p. 184). On 28 Jun 1467, K Edw I’s charter was confirmed by K Edw IV to Thomas Assheton and William Flemyng, heirs of Thomas Flemyng and Alice, daughter of William de la Lee (CPR, 1466–77, pp. 16–17).
F (Charter) vfm, Wilfrid the confessor (12 Oct); gr 15 Mar 1283, by K Edw I to William de la Mare. To be held at the manor. On 1 Feb 1390, K Edw I’s charter was confirmed by K Ric II to Thomas Flemyng, kn, and Alice daughter of William de la Lee, kn, heirs of William de la Mare (CPR, 1388–92, p. 184). On 28 Jun 1467, K Edw I’s charter was confirmed by K Edw IV to Thomas Assheton and William Flemyng, heirs of Thomas Flemyng and Alice, daughter of William de la Lee (CPR, 1466–77, pp. 16–17).

DALTON IN FURNESS 3232 4741. Borough 1239 (BF, p. 132). 1334 Subsidy 45. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). See also VCH Lancashire, viii, pp. 286, 314.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1292, mercatum, held by A of Furneys. The A claimed the market ab antiquo (QW, p. 371). The market was allegedly being damaged by that at Ulverston, Lancashire (q.v.) (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 350).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 13 May 1239, by K Hen III to A and M of Furness (CChR, 1226–57, p. 243).
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Edward in the quinzaine of Michaelmas (13 Oct); gr 20 Jul 1246, by K Hen III to abbey of Furness and the A and M (CChR, 1226–57, p. 295). In 1292, the A of Furneys claimed the fair by the charter (QW, p. 271).
In 1292, the A of Furneys claimed unspecified fairs ab antiquo (QW, p. 371).

EUXTON 3555 4192. 1334 Subsidy 22.50.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 2 Dec 1301, by K Edw I to Robert de Eukeston (CChR, 1300–26, p. 23). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 2 Dec 1301, by K Edw I to Robert de Eukeston (CChR, 1300–26, p. 23). To be held at the manor.

FLOOKBURGH 3366 4760. Borough 1509 (BF, p. 132). See also VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 257.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Thurs; recorded by 1199, mercatum, held by William Marshall. In 1292, the P of Cartmel stated that in the time of K Ric I, William Marshall held a Thurs market, which he granted to the ch of the Blessed Mary and the P of Cartmel. The P continued to hold the market in 1292 (QW, pp. 377–8). It is not clear where in the parish the market was held. There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 257).
M (Grant: other) Tues; gr 1412, by K Hen IV to Thomas of Lancaster, duke of Clarence. This charter is known from its confirmation in 1663. There is no further evidence for the market (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 275).
F (Grant: other) Midsummer (24 Jun); gr 1412, by K Hen IV to Thomas of Lancaster, duke of Clarence. Fair to be held on 23–25 Jun. This charter is known from its confirmation in 1663. There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 275).
F (Grant: other) Michaelmas (29 Sept); gr 1412, by K Hen IV to Thomas of Lancaster, duke of Clarence. Fair to be held on 28–30 Sept. This charter is known from its confirmation in 1663. There is no further evidence for the fair (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 275).

GARSTANG 3491 4450. 1334 Subsidy 100. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Apparently no longer a market town by 1539x45 (Lee, 'John Leland's Itinerary', p. 24).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 18 Jul 1310, by K Edw II to A and C of St Mary’s, Kokirsond [Cockersand abbey] (CChR, 1300–26, p. 138). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 18 Jul 1310, by K Edw II to A and C of St Mary’s, Kokirsond [Cockersand abbey] (CChR, 1300–26, p. 138). To be held at the manor.

Great Harwood, see NETHERTON

HALE 3471 3820. Borough (Beresford, unpublished list). 1334 Subsidy 49.50.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 22 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Robert de Holand (CChR, 1300–26, p. 45). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 22 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Robert de Holand (CChR, 1300–26, p. 45). To be held at the manor.

HARDHORN 3352 4373. 1334 Subsidy 23.50.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 10 Jul 1348, by K Edw III to A and C of Whalleye (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 96). To be held at the town.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 10 Jul 1349, by K Edw III to A and C of Whalley. To be held on the town (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 109). It is possible that this market was intended to supersede that on Thurs.
F (Charter) vfm, Denis (9 Oct); gr 10 Jul 1348, by K Edw III to A and C of Whalleye. To be held at the town (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 96). Fair granted again by K Edw III to the A and C of Whalley on 10 Jul 1349 (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 109).

HORNBY 3585 4686. Borough 1285 (BF, p. 132). 1334 Subsidy 5. The market and fair at Arkholme, Lancashire (q.v.) were sometimes said to be at Hornby. It is possible that in 1498 the market was at Arkholme and the fair was at Hornby. The two settlements were only two miles apart and belonged to the same lord (VCH Lancashire, viii, pp. 192, n.16, 194, n. 61). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). See also VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 192.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Margaret the virgin (20 Jul); feria recorded 1292, held by Margareta, widow of Geoffrey de Nevill (QW, p. 381). St Margaret’s fair was recorded in 1625 (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 195).

KIRKHAM 3425 4321. Borough 1296 (BF, p. 132). 1334 Subsidy 17.25. Roman fort. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 21 Jan 1287, by K Edw I to A and C of Vale Royal. To be held at the manor (CPR, 1399–1401, p. 508). In 1292, the A de Valle Regali was holding the market (QW, p. 383). On 2 Jul 1401, K Hen IV confirmed the charter of K Edw I to the A and C of Vale Royal (CPR, 1399–1401, p. 508).
F (Charter) vfm+2, Midsummer (24 Jun); gr 21 Jan 1287, by K Edw III to A and C of Vale Royal. To be held at the manor (CPR, 1399–1401, p. 508). In 1292, the A de Valle Regali was holding the fair; the feast was given as vfm+2 Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun) (QW, p. 383). On 2 Jul 1401, K Hen IV confirmed the charter of K Edw I to the A and C of Vale Royal (CPR, 1399–1401, p. 508).

LANCASTER 3478 4619. Borough 1193. 1334 Subsidy 40. Roman fort; probably an early medieval monastic site. In 1193, Count John of Mortain granted his burgesses of Lancaster the liberties of Bristol and as K John in 1199 substituted those of Northampton (QW, p. 384; BF, p. 132). These charters do not specify markets or fairs. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, 24 Jun; 29 Sept (Harrison, pp. 394, 396). See also VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 42.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sat; recorded 1292, held by burgesses of Lancaster, who claimed the right to a Sat market by the charter of 1193, which granted them the liberties of Bristol. The charter was superseded by a subsequent grant made by John, once he was king, of the liberties of Northampton. The king’s attourney stated that they were holding their market on a different day than that at Northampton and therefore the market was taken into the king’s hands. The market and fair were valued at 16m. (QW, p. 384). On 9 Feb 1302, K Edw I restored the market to the burgesses (CCR, 1296–1302, p. 514). On 20 Mar 1337, it was said that the burgesses and their ancestors had had a Sat market at the town from time immemorial. K Edw III granted them the Sat market (CChR, 1327–41, p. 403).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 20 Mar 1337, by K Edw III to burgesses of Lancaster (CChR, 1327–41, p. 403). In 1345, it was alleged that the market was damaging that at Arkholme, Lancashire (q.v.) (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 43).
F (Prescriptive) v+10, Michael (29 Sept); recorded 1292, held by burgesses of Lancaster, who claimed the right to a fair by the charter of 1193, which granted them the liberties of Bristol. The charter was superseded by a subsequent grant made by John, once he was king, of the liberties of Northampton. The king’s attourney stated that they were holding their fair on a different feast than that at Northampton (which was on the vfm All Saints, that is, 1 Nov) and therefore the fair was taken into the king’s hands. The market and fair were valued at 16m. (QW, p. 384). On 9 Feb 1298, K Edw I restored the fair to the burgesses (CCR, 1296–1302, p. 514). On 20 Mar 1337, it was said that the burgesses and their ancestors had had a fair on v+15 Michael at the town from time immemorial. K Edw III granted them the fair (CChR, 1327–41, p. 403).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 20 Mar 1337, by K Edw III to burgesses of Lancaster (CChR, 1327–41, p. 403). In 1345, it was alleged that the fair was damaging that at Arkholme, Lancashire (q.v.) (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 43).

LATHOM 3460 4091. Borough 1304 (Beresford, unpublished list). 1334 Subsidy 52.50.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 29 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Robert de Lathom (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 29 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Robert de Lathom (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46). To be held at the manor.

LAYTON 3325 4365. 1334 Subsidy 23.75.
M (Prescriptive) Wed; recorded ante 26 Oct 1257, held by Robert le Botyller. On 26 Oct 1257, K Hen III granted Robert le Botyller a Wed market, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 476). In 1292, William le Botiller de Weryngton was holding the market (QW, p. 386).
F (Prescriptive) vfm, Andrew (30 Nov); recorded ante 26 Oct 1257, held by Robert le Botyller. On 26 Oct 1257, K Hen III granted Robert le Botyller a fair on vfm Andrew, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 476). In 1292, William le Botiller de Weryngton was holding the fair (QW, p. 386).
In 1292, the Crown alleged that William le Botiller held the market and fair before the charters of K Hen III and K Edw I. A jury confirmed that William and his ancestors had held a market and fair before the granting of the charter, from time immemorial. They stated that since the granting of the charter to William, he had held the market and fair according to the tenor of the charter (QW, p. 386). The market and fair mentioned may have been those at Layton, or at Warrington, Lancashire (q.v.) or the statement of the jury may relate to both places.

LIVERPOOL 3340 3905. Borough 1207 (BF, p. 133). 1334 Subsidy 30. The foundation of the town in 1207 involved the movement of people from nearby West Derby, Lancashire (q.v.) (Beresford, p. 461). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, 25 Jul (Harrison, p. 395).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 28 May 1298, forum, held by Edmund, the king’s brother, lately deceased. The tolls of the market were also held by Edmund (CIPM, iii, no. 423). On 18 Mar 1327, the toll of the Sat market was stated to be 10; this was held by Thomas, earl of Lancaster, lately deceased (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, ii, The Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1907), pp. 224–5). Market noted on 12 Jun 1346, held by the duke of Lancaster (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, iii, The Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1915), p. 68). Sat market noted 20 Aug 1498, held by the mayor, bailiffs and the community of the borough of Liverpool (R. Muir and E.M. Platt, The History of Municipal Government in Liverpool (Liverpool, 1906), p. 401).
F (Prescriptive) nundine recorded 28 May 1298, held by Edmund, the king’s brother, lately deceased. 10 from the fair was also held by Edmund (CIPM, iii, no. 423). On 18 Mar 1327, the toll of the fair held for three days on the feast of Martinmas (11 Nov) was stated to be 13s. 4d.; this was held by Thomas, earl of Lancaster, lately deceased (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, ii, The Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1907), pp. 224–5). On 12 Jun 1346, a three day fair on f Martin was held by the duke of Lancaster (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, iii, The Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1915), p. 68).
F (Prescriptive) recorded 20 Aug 1498, held by mayor, bailiffs and community of the borough of Liverpool, who were stated to hold a fair twice a year; no further details of these fairs were given (R. Muir and E.M. Platt, The History of Municipal Government in Liverpool (Liverpool, 1906), p. 401).
On 12 Jun 1346, the toll of the market and fair was 6 13s. 4d. (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, iii, The Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1915), p. 68).

MANCHESTER 3837 3987. Borough 1301 (BF, p. 133). 1334 Subsidy 50.25. Roman fort and civil settlement. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 12 Mar 1282, held by Robert Grelley (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, i, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1903), p. 245).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sat; recorded 1322 (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, ii, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1907), p. 64). This could have been the same market as that recorded in 1282.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 19 Aug 1227, by K Hen III to Robert Greslay (CChR, 1226–57, p. 56). Order to sh of Lancashire to publicise the fair throughout the baliwick and to cause it to be held, 18 Aug 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 197) On 12 Mar 1282, a fair was recorded, the feast of which was not given (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, i, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1903), p. 245). Fair on vfm Matthew the apostle noted in 1322 (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, ii, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1907), p. 64).
On 12 Mar 1282, the toll of the market and fair was 6 13s. 4d. (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, i, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1903), p. 245). In 1322, the toll of the market and fair was 6 13s. 8d. (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, ii, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1907), p. 64).

NETHERTON 3736 4321. In Great Harwood, which contained an 'Over Town' and a 'Nether Town'; the former apparently included the church (E. Baines, The History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster, ed. J. Croston, 5 vols. (Manchester and London, 1888–93), IV, pp. 49–50; VCH Lancashire VI, p. 340).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 26 Jun 1338, by K Edw III to Adam Nowel (CChR, 1327–41, p. 448). To be held at the manor of Netherton in Great Harwood. The market at Great Harwood is now held on Fridays (VCH Lancashire VI, pp. 338–9; http://www.great-harwood.org.uk/charter+market.htm).
F (Charter) f, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 26 Jun 1338, by K Edw III to Adam Nowel (CChR, 1327–41, p. 448). To be held at the manor. An August fair was held at Great Harwood into the 20th century (VCH Lancashire VI, pp. 338–9; http://www.great-harwood.org.uk/greatharwoodcharter-fair.htm).

NEWTON LE WILLOWS 3581 3956. 1334 Subsidy 28.50. In Winwick parish, West Derby hundred. Also known as Newton in Makerfield (E. Ekwall, The Place-Names of Lancashire (Manchester, 1922) p. 98). Fair 1587, 7 May; 1 Aug (Harrison, pp. 393, 395).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 4 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Robert Banastre (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 1). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 14 Feb 1301, by K Edw I to John de Langeton (CChR, 1300–26, p. 2). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, German the bp (not known); gr 4 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Robert Banastre. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 1). On 14 Feb 1301, K Edw I granted a fair to John de Langeton on vfm German the confessor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 2). The identity of German the bp is not clear. The feast of German, bp of Auxerre, was celebrated on 31 Jul; whilst that of Germanus of Man was celebrated in Wales on 31 Jul or 1 Oct. If the 1257 and 1301 grants were associated with either of these saints, this might explain the fair recorded by Harrison on 1 Aug. However, the feast of German, bp of Capua was celebrated on 30 Oct, that of German, bp of Paris on 21 or 28 May and that of Bps Remigius, German, Vedastus and Bavo was celebrated on 1 Oct (D.H. Farmer, The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (Oxford, 1979), p. 169; N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000), p. 128; C.R. Cheney ed., Handbook of Dates for Students of English History (London, 1991).
F (Charter) vfm, John before the Latin Gate (6 May); gr 14 Feb 1301, by K Edw I to John de Langeton (CChR, 1300–26, p. 2). To be held at the manor.

NORTH MEOLS 3365 4183. 1334 Subsidy 20.
M (Grant: other) Wed; mercatum, gr 15 Dec 1219, by K Hen III to Robert de Codray. Robert gave a palfrey for the market and fair (C 60/12 m.8). 1219, Nova Oblata: Robert de Coldrai owed one palfrey for the market and the fair. To be held at the manor (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 155). On 28 Jun 1224, it was stated that although Robert de Coudray had made a fine of a palfrey to have a market, he did not have it, as it would have been detrimental to neighboring markets. William Russell, nephew and heir of Robert, who now held the manor, was not to be distrained for the fine (RLC, i, p. 608).
F (Grant: other) vf, Cuthbert (20 Mar); feria gr 15 Dec 1219, by K Hen III to Robert de Codray. Robert gave a palfrey for the fair and market (C 60/12 m.8). Nova Oblata: he owed one palfrey for the fair and the market. To be held at the manor (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 155).

ORMSKIRK 3417 4082. Borough c.1286 (BF, p. 133). Burscough priory granted the borough to its burgesses in about 1286, the year in which it acquired the market and fair. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, Tues in Whit week (Harrison, p. 394). See also VCH Lancashire, iii, p. 262.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 27 Apr 1286, by K Edw I to P and C of Burscho [Burscough priory]. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 330). In 1292, the P of Burskeu successfully claimed the market, which a jury stated that he and his predecessors had held since the granting of the charter (QW, p. 370).
F (Charter) vf+2, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 27 Apr 1286, by K Edw I to P and C of Burscho. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 330). In 1292, the P of Burskeu successfully claimed the fair on vfm+2 Decollation of John the Baptist, which a jury stated that he and his predecessors had held since the granting of the charter (QW, p. 370).
F (Charter) Tues in Whit week (Easter dep); gr 1461, by K Edw IV to P and C of Burscho (VCH Lancashire, iii, p. 262).

PENWORTHAM 3516 4293. Borough in Domesday Book 1086 (BF, p. 133; Darby, p. 366). 1334 Subsidy 8.25.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

PRESCOT 3464 3926. Borough (Beresford, unpublished list). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, Thurs after Trinity Sunday [i.e. Corpus Christi] (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 30 Jan 1333, by K Edw III to William de Dacre parson, of the ch of Prestescote (CChR, 1327–41, p. 292). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 22 Oct 1458, by K Hen VI to provost and scholars of the king’s college of SS Mary and Nicholas, Cambridge, impropriators of the parish ch of Prescot (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 130).
F (Charter) vfm, Corpus Christi (Easter dep); gr 30 Jan 1333, by K Edw III to William de Dacre, parson of the ch of Prestescote (CChR, 1327–41, p. 292). To be held at the manor.

PRESTON 3538 4297. Borough 1179 (BF, p. 133). 1334 Subsidy 35. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, 23 Oct (Harrison, p. 396). See also VCH Lancashire, vii, pp. 92–5.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Wed; recorded 1292, mercatum, held by burgesses of Preston. It was stated that the market was supposed to be held on Sat (QW, p. 385). On 27 Nov 1328, K Edw III granted the burgesses of Preston a Wed market, to be held at the town (CChR, 1327–41, pp. 98–9). In 1685, both Wed and Sat markets were granted (VCH Lancashire, vii, p. 95).
F (Charter) Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); gr 1154x89, by K Hen II to burgesses of Preston. On 10 Oct 1199, the charter of K Hen II was confirmed by K John to the burgesses of Preston (RCh, p. 26b). In 1292, the burgesses were holding the fair (QW, p. 385).
F (Charter) vf+3, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 27 Nov 1328, by K Edw III to burgesses of Preston (CChR, 1327–41, pp. 98–9). To be held at the town.

ROBY 3432 3909. Borough 1372 (BF, p. 133). In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Roby and Huyton were assessed together at 29.25 (Glasscock, p. 150).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 29 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Robert de Lathom (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Wilfrid (12 Oct); gr 29 Jul 1304, by K Edw I to Robert de Lathom (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46). To be held at the manor.

ROCHDALE 3895 4134. Borough (Beresford, unpublished list). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, 23 Oct (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 28 Jun 1251, by K Hen III to Edmund de Lacy, king’s yeoman. The market was to be held at the manor, which Margaret, countess of Lincoln, held of Edmund de Lacy in dower (CChR, 1226–57, p. 362). Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, was holding the market in 1292 (QW, p. 382). Market held by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln recorded in 1295–6 (Rev. P.A. Lyons ed., Two ‘compoti’ of the Lancashire and Cheshire manors of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, Chetham Society (1884) p. 6).
F (Charter) vfm, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 28 Jun 1251, by K Hen III to Edmund de Lacy, king’s yeoman. The fair was to be held at the manor, which Margaret, countess of Lincoln, held of Edmund de Lacy in dower (CChR, 1226–57, p. 362). In 1295–6, an unspecified number of fairs were held by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln (Rev. P.A. Lyons ed., Two ‘compoti' of the Lancashire and Cheshire manors of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, Chetham Society (1884) p. 6).

RUFFORD 3463 4156. 1334 Subsidy 19.25.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 2 Nov 1339, by K Edw III to William de Hesket (CChR, 1327–41, p. 463). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Philip and James (1 May); gr 2 Nov 1339, by K Edw III to William de Hesket (CChR, 1327–41, p. 463). To be held at the manor.

SALFORD 3827 3986. Borough 1231 (G. Barraclough ed., The Charters of the Anglo-Norman Earls of Chester, c.1071–1237, Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire 126 (Gloucester, 1988) no. 435). 1334 Subsidy 19.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, Mon in Whit week; 6 Nov (Harrison, pp. 394, 396).
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 4 Jun 1228, by K Hen III (CR, 1227–31, p. 54). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Lancashire to proclaim the market throughout his bailiwick and cause it to be held.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Mon; recorded 7 Jul 1346 (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, iii, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1915), p. 95).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria gr 4 Jun 1228, by K Hen III (CR, 1227–31, p. 54). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Lancashire to proclaim the fair throughout his bailiwick and cause it to be held.
F (Prescriptive) f+1, Leonard (6 Nov); recorded 7 Jul 1346 (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, iii, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1915), p. 95).
F (Prescriptive) Mon in Whit week+1 (Easter dep); recorded 7 Jul 1346 (W. Farrer ed., Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids, iii, Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society (1915), p. 95).

STAINTON 3250 4725. Stainton was in Lancashire until 1974, when it was transferred to Cumbria (Guide, ii, p. 207).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1292, mercatum, held by John son of John Byrun and Ales his wife (QW, p. 373).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1292, held by John son of John Byrun and Ales his wife (QW, p. 373).
As John and Ales were under age, the legal case was adjourned. Ales had inherited the manor from Robert Banastr, her grandfather.

TARBOCK 3460 3876. 1334 Subsidy 35.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Henry de Torboc (CChR, 1226–57, p. 474). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Andrew (30 Nov); gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Henry de Torboc (CChR, 1226–57, p. 474). To be held at the manor.

TOTTINGTON 3775 4131. 1334 Subsidy £14.25.
M(Prescriptive) recorded 1277–8, held by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln (Ranulf Higden Society (forthcoming)).

ULVERSTON 3286 4785. Borough c.1200 (BF, p. 134). 1334 Subsidy 80. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). See also VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 350.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 11 Sept 1280, by K Edw I to Roger de Lancastria. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 231). The A of Furness alleged that the market was detrimental to his market at Dalton, Lancashire (q.v.) (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 350). In 1292, John de Lancastr, son of the grantee, was holding the market (QW, p. 373). On 3 Jul 1387, K Edw I’s charter was confirmed by K Ric II to Robert de Haryngton, kn, now tenant of the manor (CPR, 1385–9, p. 330).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 11 Sept 1280, by K Edw I to Roger de Lancastria. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 231). In 1292, John de Lancastr, son of the grantee, was holding the fair (QW, p. 373). On 3 Jul 1387, K Edw I’s charter was confirmed by K Ric II to Robert de Haryngton, kn, now tenant of the manor (CPR, 1385–9, p. 330).
An enquiry was held into the market and fair in 1498 and 1500 (VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 351 n. 42).

WALTON LE DALE 3562 4279. 1334 Subsidy 40.50. Roman settlement. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Letter Close) Tues; mercatum, gr 2 Jul 1221, by K Hen III to Ph[ilip] de Orrebi (RLC, i, p. 463b). To be held at the manor until the king came of age. Notice to the sh of Lancashire.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 14 Feb 1301, by K Edw I to John de Langeton (CChR, 1300–26, p. 2). To be held at the manor.
F (Letter Close) vf, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); feria gr 2 Jul 1221, by K Hen III to Ph[ilip] de Orrebi (RLC, i, p. 463b). To be held at the manor until the king came of age. Notice to the sh of Lancashire.
F (Charter) vfm, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 14 Feb 1301, by K Edw I to John de Langeton (CChR, 1300–26, p. 2). To be held at the manor.

WARRINGTON 3605 3881. Borough 1292 (BF, p. 134). 1334 Subsidy 45. In 1292, William le Botiler granted his free tenants of Warrington privileges which they later claimed amounted to borough status. The privileges included freedom from toll in the fairs and markets of Warrington. In 1300, the ‘community’ of Warrington renounced the borough court, but the place continued to have borough characteristics (A. Ballard and J. Tait eds, British Borough Charters, 1216–1307 (Cambridge, 1923) nos 182, 383–5). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, 27 Jul, 30 Nov (Harrison, pp. 395, 397).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Fri; recorded ante 7 Nov 1277, held by William le Botiler of Werington. On 7 Nov 1277, K Edw I granted William le Botiler of Werington a Fri market, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 205). In 1292, William was holding the market; he showed the 1277 charter which granted it to him. It was stated that he and his ancestors had held the market from time out of mind, before the granting of the charter (QW, p. 386).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Wed; recorded ante 20 May 1285, held by William le Botiler of Werington. On 20 May 1285, K Edw I granted William le Botiler of Werington a Wed market, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 326). In 1292, William was holding the market; he showed the 1285 charter which granted it to him. It was stated that he and his ancestors had held the market from time out of mind, before the granting of the charter (QW, p. 386).
F (Prescriptive) Trans of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); recorded ante 20 Oct 1255. On 20 Oct 1255, K Hen III granted William le Botyller a fair on vfm Trans of Thomas the martyr, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 451). On 20 May 1285, K Edw I granted William le Botiler of Werington the fair on vfm+6 Trans of Thomas the martyr, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 326). In 1292, William was holding the fair; he showed the 1285 charter which granted it to him. It was stated that he and his ancestors had held the fair from time out of mind, before the granting of the charter (QW, p. 386).
F (Prescriptive) vfm+5, Andrew (30 Nov); recorded ante 7 Nov 1277, held by William le Botiler of Werington. On 7 Nov 1277, K Edw I granted William le Botiler of Werington the fair, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 205). In 1292, William was holding the fair; he showed the 1277 charter which granted it to him. It was stated that he and his ancestors had held the fair from time out of mind, before the granting of the charter (QW, p. 386).
In 1292, the Crown alleged that William le Botiller held the market and fairs before the charters of K Hen III and K Edw I. A jury confirmed that William and his ancestors had held a market and fairs before the granting of the charter, from time immemorial. They stated that since the granting of the charter to William, he had held the market and fairs according to the tenor of the charter (QW, p. 386). The market and fairs mentioned may have been those at Warrington, or at Layton, Lancashire (q.v.) or the statement of the jury may relate to both places.

WARTON 3499 4723. Borough 1246x71 (BF, p. 134). 1334 Subsidy 15. See also VCH Lancashire, viii, p. 161.
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 26 Apr 1200, by K John to Gilbert son of Roger son of Feinfr (RCh, p. 50). In 1292, the Crown alleged that Ingramus de Gynes and Cristiana his wife held the Wed market at Warton. However, a jury stated that they did not hold a market, nor did they take stallage or toll (QW, p. 383).

WEST DERBY 3397 3933. Borough 1346 (BF, p. 134). 1334 Subsidy 42.50. West Derby, which had a castle, had been the centre of the Liverpool area before that town was founded in 1207, when people probably moved from West Derby to Liverpool, Lancashire (q.v.).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

WIDNES 3514 3853. Borough 1355–6 (BF, supplement, p. 63).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

WIGAN 3686 4325. Borough 26 Aug 1246 (CChR, 1300–26, p. 237; BF, p. 135). 1334 Subsidy 9. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, Ascension day; 17 Oct (Harrison, pp. 393, 396).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 6 May 1245, by K Hen III to John Maunsel, parson of the ch of Wigan. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 284). On 20 Apr 1258, K Hen III granted the market again to John Maunsel (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 6). In 1292, Master Adam de Walton, parson of Wigan, was holding the market, by reason of the charter of K Hen III (QW, p. 371).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 6 May 1245, by K Hen III to John Maunsel, parson of the ch of Wigan. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 284). On 20 Apr 1258, K Hen III granted the fair again to John Maunsel (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 6). In 1292, Master Adam de Walton, parson of Wigan, was holding the fair, by reason of the charter of K Hen III (QW, p. 371). On 7 Jun 1314, K Edw II granted Robert de Cliderhou, king’s clerk, parson of the ch of Wigan, a fair on vfm Wilfrid the bp (12 Oct) in lieu (CChR, 1300–26, p. 237). On 18 Oct 1329, K Edw III granted Robert de Clyderhou, parson of the ch of Wigan, a fair held on vfm All Saints (1 Nov) in lieu (CChR, 1327–41, p. 135).
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 20 Apr 1258, by K Hen III to John Maunsel, parson of the ch of Wigan (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 6). In 1292, Master Adam de Walton, parson of Wigan, was holding the fair, by reason of the charter of K Hen III. The feast of the fair was stated to be the Ascension of the Lord (QW, p. 371).

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