Gazetteer Home Page

NORTHUMBERLAND

[A] [B] [C] [E] [F] [H] [K] [M] [N] [O] [R] [T] [W]

Last updated: 23 February, 2005

ALNMOUTH 4247 6105. Borough 1147 (BF, p. 142). 1336 Subsidy 3.75. Perhaps an important centre known as ‘Twyford’ in the late seventh century. On 2 Jan 1208, K John granted Eustace de Vescy the right to have a port (RCh, 174; PR, 10 John, p. 154; E. Bateson, A History of Northumberland (London, 1895), ii, pp. 467–8).
M (Charter) gr 1152x1157, probably in 1152xc.1155, forum, by William, earl of Northumberland to William de Vesci. William de Vesci was to have his market apud Sanctum Walericium qui vocatur Neubiginge. Day of the market is not given. The charter may imply that the market existed prior to the grant (G. Barrow ed., Regesta Regum Scottorum (Edinburgh, 1971), ii, no. 3, pp. 124–5). For the identification of ‘Neubiginge’ as Alnmouth, see E. Bateson, A History of Northumberland (London, 1895), ii, pp. 468–70.
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 2 Jan 1208, by K John to Eustace de Vescy (RCh, p. 174; PR, 10 John, p. 154). This charter appears to be a confirmation rather than a grant.
M (Charter) Tues, gr May 1253, by K Hen III to William de Vescy. To be held at the manor. Date missing from the roll (CChR, 1226–57, p. 434). Tues market held by William de Vesci, son of the grantee, was recorded in 1293 (QW, p. 587) .
F (Charter) vfm+5, John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr May 1253, by K Hen III to William de Vescy. To be held at the manor. Date not given on the roll (CChR, 1226–57, p. 434). A fair on the Decollation of John the Baptist, held by William de Vesci, son of the grantee, was recorded in 1293 (QW, p. 587).

ALNWICK 4184 6135. Borough 1157x85 (BF, p. 143). 1336 Subsidy 45. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 20 Aug 1297, by K Edw I to Anthony Bek, bp of Durham (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 470). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+5, Patrick (17 Mar); gr 20 Aug 1297, by K Edw I to Anthony Bek, bp of Durham (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 470). To be held at the manor.
F (Grant: other) f+7, Lucy (13 Dec); gr 1422x61 or 1470x71, by K Hen VI to burgesses of Alnwick (M.T. Martin ed., The Percy Chartulary, Surtees Society, cxvii (Durham, 1911), p. 237 n).

BAMBURGH 4178 6350. Borough 1169x70 (BF, p. 143). Mint 1135–54. 1336 Subsidy 50. Royal stronghold from seventh century to 954 and subsequently seat of the earls of Northumberland.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1279, held by burgesses of Bamburgh who were fined for introducing new customs (taking customs from those who sold corn) at their market (E. Bateson, A History of Northumberland (London, 1893), i, p. 120). On 16 Mar 1332, K Edw III granted the burgesses a Wed market in lieu of the Sun market which had been held from time immemorial (CChR, 1327–41, p. 267) .
F (Prescriptive) f, Oswald (5 Aug); recorded 16 Mar 1332, held by burgesses of Bamburgh. Said to have been held from time immemorial. K Edw III extended the fair for three days after the feast. It is assumed that the feast of the fair relates to Oswald, king of Northumbria, whose feast was also celebrated on 8 or 9 Aug (CChR, 1327–41, p. 267).
F (Prescriptive) f, Aidan (31 Aug); recorded 16 Mar 1332, held by burgesses of Bamburgh. Said to have been held from time immemorial. K Edw III extended the fair for three days after the feast (CChR, 1327–41, p. 267).

BARRISFORD 3916 5734. 1336 Subsidy 15.25.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 16 Jun 1304, by K Edw I to Robert de Umfravill (CChR, 1300–26, p. 48). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Martin in the Winter (11 Nov); gr 16 Jun 1304, by K Edw I to Robert de Umfravill (CChR, 1300–26, p. 48). To be held at the manor.

BERWICK UPON TWEED 4002 6528. Borough 1119x24 (Scottish); 1302 (English) (BF, p. 143). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Charter) Mon and Fri; gr 4 Aug 1302, by K Edw I to burgesses of Berwick upon Tweed (CChR, 1300–26, p. 29).
F (Charter) Easter to Michaelmas (Easter dep); gr 4 Aug 1302, by K Edw I to burgesses of Berwick upon Tweed. The 1302 charter states that the burgesses were to have a fair from the Invention of the Cross (3 May) to the Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun). However, a note by the charter states that the fair was initially granted from Easter to Michaelmas and that afterwards ‘by a petition in Parliament ... in the thirty- fifth year [presumably 1306–7] ... [the fair] was restored’ to last from the Invention of the Cross to the Nativity of John (CChR, 1300–26, p. 29).

BEWICK 4068 6213. The grid references refer to Old Bewick.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 21 Jan 1253, by K Hen III to A and C of St Albans (CChR, 1226–57, p. 416). To be held at the manor.

BOLAM 4092 5827. 1336 Subsidy 12.87.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 5 Apr 1305, by K Edw I to Robert de Reynes and Thomas de Bekeryng (CChR, 1300–26, p. 52). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 5 Apr 1305, by K Edw I to Robert de Reynes and Thomas de Bekeryng (CChR, 1300–26, p. 52). To be held at the manor.

BOLTON 4106 6136. The hospital of Bolton was founded c. 1225 by Robert de Ros (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 344). On 6 Apr 1227, K Hen III inspected and confirmed a charter of Robert de Ros, who granted the hospital of St Thomas the Martyr in Bolton the town of Bolton and other possessions (CChR, 1226–57, p. 30).
M (Letter Close) Wed; mercatum, gr 20 Jun 1226, by K Hen III to Robert de Ros (RLC, ii, p. 122). To be held at the manor until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Northumberland.

CHATTON 4056 6284. 1336 Subsidy 22.50.
M (Charter) Wed; gr May 1253, by K Hen III to William de Vescy. To be held at the manor. Date of the grant is missing from the roll (CChR, 1226–57, p. 434). Wed market held by William de Vesci, son of the grantee, recorded in 1293 (QW, p. 587).
F (Charter) vfm+5, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); gr May 1253, by K Hen III to William de Vescy. To be held at the manor. Date of the grant is missing from the roll (CChR, 1226–57, p. 434). Fair held by William de Vesci, son of the grantee, recorded in 1293. However, this was said to be vfm+5 Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug). As William de Vesci claimed the fair by the charter of K Hen III, it is likely that the feast of the fair recorded in 1293 was a scribal error (QW, p. 587).

CORBRIDGE 3988 5644. Borough 1201 (BF, p. 143). Mint 1135–54 (feudal coinage not issued in K Steph’s name). 1336 Subsidy 90. K John granted the manor with its appurtenances to Robert son of Roger in 1204–5. In 1293, the manor was held by his descendant, also called Robert son of Roger (QW, p. 595).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) Sat; recorded 1293, mercatum, held by Robert son of Roger (QW, p. 595). In 1293, Robert son of Roger claimed that the market had been held at the manor by K John.
F (Prescriptive) vfm, John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria recorded 1293, held by Robert son of Roger (QW, p. 595). In 1293, Robert son of Roger claimed that the fair had been held at the manor by K John.

CRAMLINGTON 4267 5769. 1336 Subsidy 14.41.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 27 Jul 1270, by K Hen III to Adam de Gesemuth (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 149). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+6, feast of the fair not given; gr 27 Jul 1270, by K Hen III to Adam de Gesemuth (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 149). Feast of the fair not given.

ELSDON 3937 5934. 1336 Subsidy 10.25.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 10 Nov 1281, by K Edw I to William de Umfranvil (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 257). To be held at the manor.
M (Prescriptive) Sun; recorded 1293, mercatum, held by Gilbert de Umfravill (QW, p. 593).
F (Charter) vfm, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 10 Nov 1281, by K Edw I to William de Umfranvill (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 257). To be held at the manor.
F (Prescriptive) f, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); feria recorded 1293, held by Gilbert de Umfravill (QW, p. 593). It is not clear whether this fair replaced that on 24 Aug or was supplementary to it.

EMBLETON 4230 6224. 1336 Subsidy 25.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 13 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 1). In 1293, the Tues market was held by Ed[mund], the king’s brother. The manor had been granted to him by K Hen III (QW, p. 603).
F (Charter) vf+3, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 13 Dec 1257, by K Hen III to Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 1). To be held at the manor.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria recorded 1293, held by Ed[mund] the king’s brother (QW, p. 603). It is not clear whether this fair replaced that on 21 Sept or was supplementary to it.

FELTON 4178 6001. Borough 1323 (BF, p. 143). 1336 Subsidy 15.
M (Charter) Mon; forum, gr 27 Apr 1200, by K John to Roger Bertram (RCh, p. 50b).
F (Charter) vf, Michael (29 Sept); feria gr 27 Apr 1200, by K John to Roger Bertram (RCh, p. 50b).

FORD 3945 6374. 1336 Subsidy 9.56.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 21 Apr 1340, by K Edw III to William Heroun, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1327–41, p. 468). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Corpus Christi (Easter dep); gr 21 Apr 1340, by K Edw III to William Heroun, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1327–41, p. 468). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michaelmas (29 Sept); gr 21 Apr 1340, by K Edw III to William Heroun, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1327–41, p. 468). To be held at the manor.

HALTWHISTLE 3708 5643. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum gr 10 Feb 1207, by K John to Robert de Ros, when K John ordered the sh of Northumberland to cause Robert de Ros to have a market at Altewis (RLC, i, p. 77b). On 20 Mar 1307, K Edw I granted William de Ros of Yolton a Thurs market, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 88).
F (Charter) vfm, Invention of the Cross (3 May); gr 20 Mar 1307, by K Edw I to William de Ros of Yolton (CChR, 1300–26, p. 88). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Martinmas (11 Nov); gr 20 Mar 1307, by K Edw I to William de Ros of Yolton (CChR, 1300–26, p. 88). To be held at the manor.

HARBOTTLE 3933 6046. Borough 1245 (BF, p. 143). 1336 Subsidy 19.62.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Tues; recorded 1293, mercatum, held by Gilbert de Umfravill (QW, p. 593).
F (Prescriptive) f, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria recorded 1293, held by Gilbert de Umfravill (QW, p. 593).

HAYDON BRIDGE 3844 5643. Borough 1365 (BF, p. 144).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 30 Jul 1323, by K Edw II to Anthony de Lucy (CChR, 1300–26, p. 459). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f+3, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 30 Jul 1323, by K Edw II to Anthony de Lucy (CChR, 1300–26, p. 459). To be held at the manor.

HEXHAM 3937 5639. Hexham was the seat of a bishopric between 678 and c.821 and was later an important religious centre. Formal evidence of borough status is lacking until 1547. Hexham was probably a significant commercial centre from the twelfth century onwards. As it is not clear how long Hexham had enjoyed borough status, it is not recorded as a medieval borough in this Gazetteer (BF, p. 144). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Prescriptive) Sun; recorded 21 Oct 1222, mercatum, held by W. Archbp of York. A Mon market was to be held at the manor in lieu of the Sun market until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 515). On 24 May 1227, K Hen III granted W. Archbp of York a Mon market (CChR, 1226–57, p. 42). On 27 May 1227, the sh of Northumberland was ordered to cause the archbp of York to have the market (RLC, ii, p. 187). On 23 Aug 1239, the market was granted again by K Hen III to Walter, Archbp of York (CChR, 1226–57, p. 245). In 1293, the archbp of York claimed a market from time out of mind (QW, p. 591).
F (Letter Close) vf, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); feria gr 1 Mar 1223, by K Hen III to W Archbp of York. To be held until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 536b). On 24 May 1227, K Hen III granted a fair on vf Luke to W Archbp of York (CChR, 1226–57, p. 42). On 27 May 1227, the sh of Northumberland was ordered to cause the archbp of York to have the fair (RLC, ii, p. 187). Fair granted again by K Hen III to Walter, Archbp of York on 23 Aug 1239 (CChR, 1226–57, p. 245).
F (Charter) 3+fm, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 18 Apr 1320, by K Edw II to William de Melton, Archbp of York (CChR, 1300–26, p. 422). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) 4+fm, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 18 Apr 1320, by K Edw II to William de Melton, Archbp of York (CChR, 1300–26, p. 422). To be held at the manor. It is not clear whether this fair replaced that on 18 Oct or was supplementary to it.

HOLY ISLAND/LINDISFARNE 4126 6422. Borough 1396 (BF, p. 144). Seat of bishopric from 635 to 883, when transferred to Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham (q.v.).
M (Prescriptive: borough). No further information for the market. It is likely that the much later Sat market was established by a bp of Durham, in or after the late twelfth century, when a monastic community was established here (R.H. Britnell, ‘Boroughs, markets and trade in northern England, 1000–1216’, in R.H. Britnell and R.H. Hatcher eds., Progress and Problems in Medieval England (Cambridge, 1996), p. 48).

KIRKWHELPINGTON 3996 5844. 1336 Subsidy 23.88.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 22 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to Gilbert de Humframvill, earl of Anegus [sic] (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 77). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 2 Sept 1267, by K Hen III to Gilbert de Umframvill. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 80). In 1293, Gilbert de Umfravill claimed the market by right of the charter, but it was taken into the king’s hands (QW, p. 593).
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 22 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to Gilbert de Humframvill, earl of Anegus [sic] (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 77). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 2 Sept 1267, by K Hen III to Gilbert de Umframvill. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 80). In 1293, Gilbert de Umfravill claimed the fair by right of the charter, but it was taken into the king’s hands (QW, p. 593). It is not clear whether this fair replaced that on 1 Aug or was supplementary to it.

MITFORD 4169 5856. Borough 1326 (BF, p. 144). 1336 Subsidy 18.09. In 1157, Roger Bertram owed 50m. of silver for his market (forum); the following year he paid 40m. for his market and owed the remaining 10m. (PR, 2–4 Hen II, p. 178; PR, 5 Hen II, p. 14). It is possible that this relates to Mitford.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 9 Dec 1249, mercatum, held by R. Bertram (CR, 1247–51, p. 345). The market was allegedly being damaged by that at Morpeth, Northumberland (q.v.).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1256 (W. Page ed., Three Early Assize Rolls for the County of Northumberland, Surtees Society, lxxxviii (Durham, 1890), p. 98).

MORPETH 4198 5860. Borough 1188x1239 (BF, p. 144). 1336 Subsidy 45.23. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 26 Mar 1200, by K John to Roger de Merlay (RCh, p. 40). Nova Oblata: Roger de Merlai paid 20m. and two good palfreys worth 10m. for the grant of the market and fair (see below) (PR, 2 John, p. 5). On 9 Dec 1249, R. de Merley’s market was allegedly damaging that at Mitford, Northumberland (q.v.) (CR, 1247–51, p. 345). In 1293, John de Craystok claimed the market, granted to his ancestor Roger de Merlay by K John (QW, p. 590).
F (Charter) f, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); feria gr 26 Mar 1200, by K John to Roger de Merlay (RCh, p. 40). 1200, Nova Oblata: Roger de Merlai paid 20m. and two good palfreys worth 10m. for the grant of the fair and the market (see above) (PR, 2 John, p. 5). On 9 May 1285, K Edw I granted William son of Thomas de Craystock and John, his son and heir, Mary late the wife of the said William and the heirs of the said John, a yearly fair at the manor on the vfm Mary Magdalen, in lieu of the fair on f Mary Magdalen granted there by K John (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 285). In 1293, John de Craystok claimed the fair, granted to his ancestor Roger de Merlay by K John, with the extension granted by K Edw I (QW, p. 590).

NETHERWITTON 4100 5904. 1336 Subsidy 25. Isabell, the wife of Robert de Somervill, was the descendant of Roger de Merlay (QW, p. 602).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 18 Apr 1257, by K Hen III to Roger de Merlay (CChR, 1226–57, p. 468). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 9 Feb 1290, by K Edw I to Robert de Somervill. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 342). This grant may not have been in hereditary right, as Robert’s heirs were not mentioned. In 1293, Robert de Somervill was holding the market (QW, p. 602).
F (Charter) vf+6, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 18 Apr 1257, by K Hen III to Roger de Merlay. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 468). On 9 Feb 1290, K Edw I granted Robert de Somervill a fair on vfm+2 Lawrence, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 342). This grant may not have been in hereditary right, as Robert’s heirs were not mentioned. In 1293, Robert de Somervill was holding the fair (QW, p. 602).

NEWBIGGIN BY THE SEA 4310 5876. Borough 1307 (BF, p. 144). 1336 Subsidy 87.19. In 1295, the estates formerly held by John de Balliol, including the barony of Bywell of which Newbiggin was part, were taken into the king’s hands. In 1299, K Edw I granted them to John de Dreux, earl of Brittany and Richmond (I.J. Sanders, English Baronies: a study of their origin and descent, 1086–1327 (Oxford, 1960), pp. 25–6; GEC, i, p. 385).
M (Charter) Fri; mercatum, gr 15 Feb 1204, by K John to Hugh de Baliol (RCh, p. 119b).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 6 Jan 1259, to John de Ballol [sic] (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 16). In 1293, the market was held by Agnes de Valenc’, widow of Hugh de Balliol, brother of the grantee (QW, p. 595). On 16 Jun 1310, K Edw II granted a Mon market to John de Brittania, earl of Richmond, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 137).
F (Charter) v+7, Bartholomew the Apostle (24 Aug); feria gr 15 Feb 1204, by K John to Hugh de Baliol (RCh, p. 119b).
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 6 Jan 1259, by K Hen II to John de Ballol [sic] (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 16). On 5 Oct 1261, K Hen III granted John de Balliolo a fair on the vfm of Bartholomew (24 Aug) in lieu of the fair on the vf of James (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 38). In 1293, the fair was held by Agnes de Valenc’, widow of Hugh de Balliol, brother of the grantee (QW, p. 595).
F (Charter) vf+2, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 16 Jun 1310, by K Edw II to John de Britannia, earl of Richmond (CChR, 1300–26, p. 137). To be held at the manor.

NEWBROUGH 3875 5679. Borough novus burgus c.1320 (BF, p. 145). There were burgesses in 1369. Following Hodgson, Beresford suggests that the borough was established by the Cumin family, within the manor of Thornton in Tynedale (Beresford, p. 473; J. Hodgson, A History of Northumberland (Newcastle, 1840), ii (3), p. 390).
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 20 Jun 1221, by K Hen III to William Cumin, earl of Buchan, Justic[e] of Scotland (RLC, i, p. 463b). To be held at the manor of Thornton in Tindale until the king came of age. Notice to the sh of Northumberland.

NEWBURN 4167 5654. Borough 1201 (BF, p. 145). 1336 Subsidy 71.25.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE 4258 5646. Borough 1100x35 (BF, p. 145). Mint 1135–54. Newcastle upon Tyne, named from the castle first erected in c.1080, grew rapidly in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries on account of its maritime trade, especially in coal. It made a fine to avoid paying the tenth in the Lay Subsidy of 1334 (Glasscock, p. 219). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, Lady day in Lent [presumably 25 Mar], Ascension day (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1100x1135 [probably], forum, held by burgesses of Newcastle upon Tyne. The market is mentioned in the customs of Newcastle upon Tyne, which were drawn up in the reign of K Hen II, but state that they describe the situation under K Hen I (W. Stubbs ed., Select Charters And Other Illustrations Of English Constitutional History: from the earliest times to the reign of Edward the First, 9th edition (Oxford, 1942), pp. 133–4).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 28 Jan 1216, held by burgesses of Newcastle upon Tyne, in a charter granted to them by K John. The feast of the fair was not given (RCh, p. 219b). On 12 Nov 1318, K Edw II confirmed the charter dated 28 Jan 1216 and granted the burgesses of Newcastle upon Tyne an extension of the fair on vf Peter ad Vincula by 26 days (CChR, 1300–26, p. 393).
F (Charter) vf+12, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 14 Nov 1490, by K Hen VII to mayor and burgesses of Newcastle upon Tyne (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 269).
In 1305, the burgesses of Newcastle upon Tyne successfully petitioned for the closure of the fair at Tynemouth, Northumberland (q.v.) (Abbreviatio Placitorum (Record Commission, 1811), p. 254b).

NEWTON ON THE MOOR 4170 6053. Borough 1249 (BF, p. 145). 1336 Subsidy 2.50.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 7 Aug 1291, by K Edw I to Robert son of Roger. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 404). Market held by Robert son of Roger in 1293 (QW, p. 595).
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 7 Aug 1291, by K Edw I to Robert son of Roger. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 404). Fair held by Robert son of Roger in 1293 (QW, p. 595).

NORHAM 3901 6473. Borough 1160x80 (BF, p. 145).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1293, mercatum, held by bp of Durham (QW, p. 604).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1293, held by bp of Durham (QW, p. 604).

OVINGHAM 4085 5637. 1336 Subsidy 6. Gilbert de Umfravill claimed the market and fair as part of his barony of ‘Quyntham’, which is probably a misreading for Ovingham (QW, p. 593). The only barony that Gilbert appears to have held in Northumberland was that of Prudhoe, which he inherited from his mother (I.J. Sanders, English Baronies: a study of their origin and descent, 1086–1327 (Oxford, 1960), p. 73). Prudhoe is opposite Ovingham, across the river Tyne.
M (Prescriptive) Sun; recorded 1293, mercatum, held by Gilbert de Umfravill. Held at Quyntham (QW, p. 593).
F (Prescriptive) f, Andrew (30 Nov); feria recorded 1293, held by Gilbert de Umfravill. Held at Quyntham (QW, p. 593).

REDPETH 3682 5634.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 26 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Bolteby (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 77). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 26 Jun 1267, by K Hen III to Nicholas de Bolteby (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 77). To be held at the manor.

ROTHBURY 4058 6016. Borough 1201 (BF, p. 146). 1336 Subsidy 15.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sun; recorded 26 Apr 1223, mercatum, held by John son of Robert de Wercwurth. Held at the manor. Day of the market changed from Sun to Mon, until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 543).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 7 Aug 1291, by K Edw I to Robert son of Roger. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 404). Market held by Robert son of Roger in 1293 (QW, p. 595).
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 7 Aug 1291, by K Edw I to Robert son of Roger. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 404). Fair held by Robert son of Roger in 1293 (QW, p. 595).

TYNEMOUTH 4368 5694. 1336 Subsidy 240.
F (Charter) vf+13, Oswyn (20 Aug); gr 17 Sept 1304, by K Edw I to P and C of Tynemouth (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46). At Easter 1305, it was stated that the burgesses of Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland (q.v.) claimed that the fair was detrimental to them; afterwards the fair was annulled (Abbreviatio Placitorum (Record Commission, 1811), p. 254b).

WARENMOUTH 4178 6350. Borough 1247 (BF, p. 146). This borough was created out of the common pasture of Bamburgh, Northumberland (q.v.), at the mouth of the river Waren. It was established by William de Herun during the reign of K Hen III. The site of the borough was lost by the late sixteenth century. It may have been situated on the cliffs above the river (RH, ii, p. 20; Beresford, pp. 135, 251, 290, 302, 337).
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

WARK 3826 6385. 1336 Subsidy 15. The lands of Robert de Ros (d. c.1296) were declared forfeit for treason in 1296. The manor of Wark was granted to William Montagu, earl of Salisbury (GEC, ii, pp. 121–2; CPR, 1330–34, pp. 462, 463, 520).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 20 Dec 1227, by K Hen III to Robert de Ros (CChR, 1226–57, p. 66). To be held at the manor.
M (Grant: other) Sat; gr 1227x41, by K Hen III to Robert de Ros. On 14 May 1241, K Hen III granted Robert de Ros a weekly market on Fri in lieu of the market on Sat formerly held there under the king’s grant. To be held at the manor. Mandate in pursuance to the sh of Northumberland (CChR, 1226–57, p. 259). On 8 Apr 1252, K Hen III granted Robert de Ros a weekly market on Tues in lieu of the market previously granted to him on Fri (CChR, 1226–57, p. 381). In 1293, a Tues market was unsuccessfully claimed by Robert de Ros de Werk, grandson of the grantee, who showed the 1252 charter. However, as Robert’s father was the younger son of the original grantee, it was stated that he was not the heir, but a purchaser. Therefore, the market was taken into the king’s hands (QW, p. 589). On 2 Aug 1333, K Edw III granted William de Monte Acuto a Tues market. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 302).
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 20 Dec 1227, by K Hen III to Robert de Ros. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 66). Fair granted again by K Hen III to Robert de Ros on 14 May 1241. Mandate in pursuance to the sh of Northumberland (CChR, 1226–57, p. 259). On 2 Aug 1333, K Edw III granted William de Monte Acuto a fair on vfm Giles, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 302).
F (Charter) vfm+2, Whitsun (Easter dep); gr 8 Apr 1252, by K Hen III to Robert de Ros. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 381). In 1293, the fair was unsuccessfully claimed by Robert de Ros de Werk, grandson of the grantee. The fair was taken into the king’s hands (QW, p. 589).
In 1293, a jury stated that the market with the fair was worth less than 6d. each year (QW, p. 589).

WARKWORTH 4247 6062. Borough 1249 (BF, p. 146). 1336 Subsidy 12.63.
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sun; recorded 26 Apr 1223, mercatum, held by John fitz Robert de Wercwurth. Held at the manor. Day of the market to be changed from Sun to Wed, until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 543).

WHITTINGHAM 4066 6120. 1336 Subsidy 20.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 8 Feb 1361, by K Edw III to Robert Haulaye (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 169). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Bartholomew (24 Aug); gr 8 Feb 1361, by K Edw III to Robert Haulaye (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 169). To be held at the manor.

WOOLER 3993 6280. 1336 Subsidy 37.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum, gr 21 Aug 1199, by K John to Robert de Muschans. To be held in Wllov’a (RCh, p. 11). In 1293, a market was held by Walter de Huntercumb, Nicholas de Grame and Maria his wife, which they claimed from time out of mind (QW, p. 601).

Back to Gazetteer Home

Centre for Metropolitan History Home