Gazetteer Home Page

SUFFOLK

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [R] [S] [T] [W]

Last updated: 17 November, 2006

NB: Updates/additions to the printed Gazetteer published in 2003 are given in red

ASPALL 6168 2650. 1334 Subsidy 30.75.
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1086. Domesday Book states that in the vill there was a third part of a fair (VCH Suffolk, i, p. 554).

BARKING 6072 2531. 1334 Subsidy 87.25. Scarfe identifies Barking with Needham Market (N. Scarfe, ‘Markets and fairs in medieval Suffolk: a provisional list’, Suffolk Review, 3 (1965) p. 7). Needham Market is two and a half miles north east of Barking; its grid references are 6087 2552.
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 7 May 1226, by K Hen III to G. bp of Ely. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 109). Letter close to sh of Suffolk regarding the grant to the bp of Ely of a Mon market dated 1 May 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 183b).
F (Letter Close) vf+2, John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria gr 19 Oct 1226, by K Hen III to G. bp of Ely (RLC, ii, p. 413). To be held at the manor until the king came of age.

BARROW 5761 2646. 1334 Subsidy 60.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 9 Feb 1267, by K Hen III to Maud Passelewe. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 71). In 1270 the abbot of Bury complained that this market, which was about 4 leagues from Bury, attracted trade from his Monday market at Bury since traders from a distance sold their goods at Barrow on the Saturday; a jury agreed that the market at Barrow was too close, but Maud Passelew produced her royal charter and the king ordered precise measurements of the distance to be made (L.F. Salzman, 'The legal status of markets', The Cambridge Historical Journal 2.3 (1928), 205-12, esp. 211-12). On 12 Jan 1291, K Edw I inspected and confirmed a charter whereby Maud Passelewe, daughter and one of the heirs of Sir Thomas de Barwe iuxta Sanctum Edmundum, in her widowhood, gave to Sir William Giffard, son of Sir Hugh Giffard, and Katherine his wife, daughter of the said Maud, and her heirs, the manor of Barrow with the market (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 382).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 9 Feb 1267, by K Hen III to Maud Passelewe. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 71). On 12 Jan 1291, K Edw I inspected and confirmed a charter whereby Maud Passelewe, daughter and one of the heirs of Sir Thomas de Barwe iuxta Sanctum Edmundum, in her widowhood, gave to Sir William Giffard, son of Sir Hugh Giffard, and Katherine his wife, daughter of the said Maud, and her heirs, the manor of Barrow with the fair (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 382).

BAWDSEY 6346 2401. 1334 Subsidy 105.75.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 28 Aug 1283, by K Edw I to Robert de Ufford (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 268). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Mary in September (8 Sept); gr 1135x54, by K Steph to J. P of Ely and the M (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 362).
F (Charter) vfm+5, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 28 Aug 1283, by K Edw I to Robert de Ufford (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 268). To be held at the manor.

BEALINGS 6231 2489. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Great and Little Bealings were assessed jointly at 64.50 (Glasscock, p. 296).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 26 May 1271, by K Hen III to Hugh Peche (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 168). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Luke (18 Oct); gr 26 May 1271, by K Hen III to Hugh Peche (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 168). To be held at the manor.

BECCLES 6422 2905. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 165; Darby, p. 367). 1334 Subsidy 213.19. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1086, mercatum, held by the king (one quarter); the abbey of Bury St Edmunds (three-quarters) (Darby, p. 370).
F (Charter) v+7, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 11 Jun 1205, by K John to A and C of St Edmunds (RCh, p. 156b).
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew the Apostle (21 Sept); gr 28 Jul 1260, by K Hen III to A and C of St Edmunds (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 27).

BELTON 6486 3029. 1334 Subsidy 55.70.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 4 Mar 1270, by K Hen III to Henry de Caldicote. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 138). In 1274–5, Henry de Caldecotes was holding a Mon market (RH, ii, p. 169b).
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 4 Mar 1270, by K Hen III to Henry de Caldicote (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 138). To be held at the manor.

BENHALL 6372 2618. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Benhall, Saxmundham, Suffolk (q.v.) and Farnham were assessed together at 70.81 (Glasscock, p. 294).
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter ad vincula (1 Aug); gr 15 Jun 1292, by K Edw I to Guy Ferre (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 422). To be held at the manor.

BILDESTON 5985 2492. 1334 Subsidy 43.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive) recorded c.1348 (N. Scarfe, ‘Markets and fairs in medieval Suffolk: a provisional list’, Suffolk Review, 3 (1965), p. 5).

BLYTHBURGH 6451 2753. 1334 Subsidy 101.13. An important royal and household centre where there was an exchanger in 1066. As a commercial centre, Blythburgh quickly lost ground to Dunwich, Suffolk (q.v.) (VCH Suffolk, i, pp. 451–2). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1086, mercatum (Darby, p. 370).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 29 Mar 1324, by K Edw II to John de Claveryng. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 463). Mon market granted to Ralph de Nevill on 22 Apr 1340 by K Edw III (CChR, 1327–41, p. 467).
F (Charter) vf, Annunciation (25 Mar); gr 29 Mar 1324, by K Edw II to John de Claveryng. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 463). Fair on vfm Annunciation granted to Ralph de Nevill on 22 Apr 1340 by K Edw III (CChR, 1327–41, p. 467).
F (Charter) vf, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 29 Mar 1324, by K Edw II to John de Claveryng. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 463). Fair on vfm Nativity of Mary granted by K Edw III to Ralph de Nevill on 22 Apr 1340 (CChR, 1327–41, p. 467).
On 8 Dec 1330, K Edw III granted Ralph de Neville that if John de Claveryng died without an heir, he would inherit the market and fair (CChR, 1327–41, p. 196).

BOTESDALE 6048 2758. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1274–5, mercatum, held by A of [Bury] St Edmunds (RH, ii, p. 194).

BRAMFIELD 6399 2738. 1334 Subsidy 74.92.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 3 Aug 1270, by K Hen III to John de Vallibus son of Alexander de Vallibus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 150). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 3 Aug 1270, by K Hen III to John de Vallibus son of Alexander de Vallibus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 150). To be held at the manor.

BRAMPTON 6435 2815. 1334 Subsidy 60.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 6 Jan 1271, by K Hen III to Alan de Wymundhale (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 161). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 6 Jan 1271, by K Hen III to Alan de Wymundhale (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 161). To be held at the manor.

BRANDON 5777 2862. 1334 Subsidy 88. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 23 Oct 1319, by K Edw II to John de Hotham, bp of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 415). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 23 Oct 1319, by K Edw II to John de Hothum, bp of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 415). To be held at the manor.

BRENT ELEIGH 5942 2483. 1334 Subsidy 42.94.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 12 Aug 1260, by K Hen III to Henry de Shelton (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 28). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 12 Aug 1260, by K Hen III to Henry de Shelton (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 28). To be held at the manor.

BRIGHTWELL 6249 2435. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Brightwell and Playford were assessed together at 42.75 (Glasscock, p. 296).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 15 May 1285, by K Edw I to Hugh de Gosebek (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 289). To be held at the manor.

BUNGAY 6336 2898. Borough 1228 (BF, p. 165). 1334 Subsidy 94.88. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 22 Apr 1228, held by Roger le Bigod, son of Earl Hugh le Bigod (CChR, 1226–57, p. 73). On 2 Jan 1307, a Sat market was held by Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England, lately deceased (CIPM, iv, no. 434).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 6 May 1384, by K Ric II to Margaret Mareschall, countess of Norfolk, the king’s cousin (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 293). To be held at the manor.
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1199, held by Hugh le Bigot. Hugh gave the king 40m for extending his fair at Bungay (T.D. Hardy ed., Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus in Turri Londinensi asservati tempore Regis Johannis (1835), p. 70). 1200, Nova Oblata: Hugh Bigot owed 40m. for extending his fair by two days (PR, 2 John, p. 147). He still owed this in 1203 (PR, 3 John, p. 138; PR, 4 John, p. 111; PR, 5 John, p. 240). On 2 Jan 1307, a yearly fair on each feast of the Holy Cross was held by Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England, lately deceased (CIPM, iv, no. 434). This was perhaps the same fair as that recorded in the early thirteenth century. The feast of the fair may have been the Invention of Holy Cross (3 May) or the Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept).

BURES 5907 2340. 1334 Subsidy 48.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 14 Jun 1271, by K Hen III to Robert Aguillon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 169). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 14 Jun 1271, by K Hen III to Robert Aguillon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 169). To be held at the manor.

BURGATE 6082 2756. 1334 Subsidy 41.88.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 13 Jun 1272, by K Hen III to Peter de Burgate. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 182). Peter de Burgate was holding the market in 1274–5 (RH, ii, p. 194b). Robert de Burgate, son of the grantee, was holding the market on 1 Nov 1286 (QW, p. 726b).
F (Charter) vfm, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 13 Jun 1272, by K Hen III to Peter de Burgate (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 182). To be held at the manor.

BURY ST EDMUNDS 5856 2640. Borough 1022x43 (BF, p. 165). Mint 1042–1154. 1334 Subsidy 360. A monastic settlement from the seventh century. Site of shrine dedicated to K Edmund the martyr. There was a vigorous small town here in 1086, enlarged and reshaped since 1066 (Little Domesday, fo. 372). The name ‘seynt Eadmundes biri’ does not necessarily indicate the existence of a town by 1043 (cf. BF, p. 165). In 1102–3, K Hen I confirmed the monastery and burgesses in the liberty they enjoyed under K Cnut and K Edw the Confessor, indicating a belief that there had been a town there by 1035. The single moneyer active at Bury c.1048–c.1065 was not very productive and probably indicates the status of the abbey rather than market activity, which perhaps took off in the 1060s. The market is later recorded as being in existence by 1087. Town enlarged in the twelfth century, in conjunction with the building of the new abbey ch. In 1202, the A of St Edmunds paid 40m. and 10m. for two palfreys for a royal charter by which no markets or fairs would be established in the liberty of St Edmunds that would damage his liberty (D. Whitelock ed., Anglo-Saxon Wills (Cambridge, 1930), pp. 74, 185; Regesta, ii, no. 644; D.M. Metcalf, An Atlas of Anglo-Saxon and Norman Coin Finds, c.973–1086 (London, 1998), pp. 157, 215; PR, 4 John, p. 115). See also the entry for Freckenham, Suffolk (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 21 Sept; 13 Nov (Harrison, p. 396). See also B. Gauthiez, ‘The planning of the town of Bury St Edmunds: a probable Norman origin’ and M. Statham, ‘The medieval town of Bury St Edmunds’, in A. Gransden ed., Bury St Edmunds: medieval art, architecture, archaeology and economy, British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions xx (Leeds, 1998), esp. pp. 93, 99, 101–2.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1066x87, held by ch of St Edmund. In 1135, K Hen I granted the market and vill to the ch of St Edmund and A Anselm, as they enjoyed them under K Wil I and K Wil II (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 397). On 21 Dec 1200, K John confirmed this charter (RCh, p. 82a). In 1202, a jury decided that the market at Lakenheath, Suffolk (q.v.) was damaging the market of the A of St Edmunds (CRR, i, pp. 135–6; Abb. Plac., p. 36a). Charter of K Hen I confirmed on 29 Jan 1385 by K Ric II (CPR, 1381–5, p. 528). On 12 May 1400, K Hen IV confirmed the charter of K Hen I (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 397). The pre-Conquest market place may have been the Old Market. This was probably superseded by the new Great Market in the redevelopment of the town (B. Gauthiez, ‘The planning of the town of Bury St Edmunds: a probable Norman origin’ in A. Gransden ed., Bury St Edmunds: medieval art, architecture, archaeology and economy, British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions xx (Leeds, 1998), p. 93). Jocelin of Brakelond recorded in his Chronicle that encroachments on the market place had kept the market profits static, whereas in other markets the profits were increasing. Although A Samson was urged by the M of St Edmunds to move the market place, he refused. However, it appears that the market had been moved by 1327 (M. Statham, ‘The medieval town of Bury St Edmunds’, in A. Gransden ed., Bury St Edmunds: medieval art, architecture, archaeology and economy, British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions xx (Leeds, 1998), pp. 99, 101–2).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 20 Jul 1457, by K Hen VI to A and C of Bury St Edmunds (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 128). To be held in the town.
F (Grant: other) 3+f+2, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 1142x9, by K Hen I to A Anselm of St Edmunds. This fair was stated to last seven days, despite only lasting for six (Regesta ii, no. 1599). This was presumably the fair (nundinae) recorded in 1201 (PR, 3 John, p. 120). The fair was probably held in the Moot Stow, outside the abbey walls and main gate (M. Statham, ‘The medieval town of Bury St Edmunds’, in A. Gransden ed., Bury St Edmunds: medieval art, architecture, archaeology and economy, British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions xx (Leeds, 1998), p. 101).
F (Letter Close) vf, Trans of Nicholas (9 May); feria gr 8 Apr 1224, by K Hen III to the master of the hospital of St Nicholas outside St Edmunds. To be held at the hospital until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 592b).
F (Letter Close) vf, Matthew the Apostle (21 Sept); gr 15 Apr 1226, by K Hen III to P of the hospital of St Nicholas in the suburb of the town of St Edmund (RLC, ii, p. 106). To be held at the hospital until the king came of age. It is possible that this fair did not lapse in 1227, as it should, as on 28 Jul 1406, it was stated that the A and C of Bury St Edmunds had from time immemorial a fair on f Matthew the Apostle (21 Sept), which had been very harmful to the town and to those coming to the fair. Therefore, K Hen IV granted the A and C of Bury St Edmunds a fair on 2+f+2 Matthew the Apostle in another place within the liberty of the town, where it shall seem best to them. For 20s. paid in the hanaper (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 431). The hospital of St Nicholas had been established by an A of Bury St Edmunds by c.1215 and was dependant on the abbey (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 349).
F (Charter) vfm, Translation of Edmund (29 Apr); gr 19 Mar 1235, by K Hen III to Henry, A of St Edmund. Fair to be held in the suburbs of the town, without the south gate (CChR, 1226–57, p. 196). Mandate to the sh [of Suffolk] to read the charter in full session of the county court and proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 19 Mar 1235 (CR, 1234–7, p. 61).
F (Charter) vfm, Transfiguration (6 Aug); gr 19 Mar 1235, by K Hen III to Henry, A of St Edmund. To be held in the suburbs of the town, without the north gate at the hospital of St Saviour (CChR, 1226–57, p. 196). Mandate to the sh [of Suffolk] to read the charter in full session of the county court and proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 19 Mar 1235 (CR, 1234–7, p. 61).
F (Charter) f, Hugh (17 Nov); gr 20 Jul 1457, by K Hen VI to A and C of Bury St Edmunds (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 128).
F (Charter) f, Petronilla (31 May); gr 20 Jul 1457, by K Hen VI to the A and C of Bury St Edmunds (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 128).
A fair was recorded in 1241–2, the feast of which was not given (CRR, xvi, no. 1933). It is therefore not clear which of the fairs this relates to.

BYNG HALL 6288 2538.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1274–5, forum, held by William de Huntyngfeld, in the vill (RH, ii, p. 199b). In 1286, Byng hamlet claimed the right to hold the market (N. Scarfe, ‘Markets and fairs in medieval Suffolk: a provisional list’, Suffolk Review, 3 (1965), p. 8).

CARLTON COLVILLE 6510 2902. 1334 Subsidy 39.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 8 Mar 1267, by K Hen III to Roger de Colville. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 73). Rog’ de Colvill was holding the market in 1274–5 (RH, ii, p. 192b). On 20 Oct 1295, K Edw I granted Roger de Colville a Thurs market in lieu, having inspected this charter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 461).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 8 Mar 1267, by K Hen III to Roger de Colville. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 73). On 20 Oct 1295, K Edw I granted Roger de Colville a fair on vfm Edmund the Confessor (16 Nov) in lieu, having inspected this charter (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 461). Date of fair assumed to be that of archbp Edmund.

CATTAWADE 6103 2333.
M (Grant: other) gr 1227x15 Jan 1247, by K Hen III to Hubert de Ruylly. On 15 Jan 1247, the barons of the Exchequer were ordered not to distrain Hubert for the goshawk he had rendered to Bertram de Cryol by the king’s order. The goshawk was the fine which he had made with the king for having a market at the manor (CR, 1242–7, p. 496).

CLARE 5769 2455. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 166; Darby, p. 367). 1334 Subsidy 75. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive: borough) semper unum mercatum recorded 1086 (Darby, p. 370). The A of St Edmunds and Richard de Clar’ were contesting a case coram rege regarding the raising of a market at Long Melford, Suffolk (q.v.) on 21 Oct 1235 (CR, 1234–7, p. 202). Presumably, Richard was concerned about the damage to his market at Clare. On 5 Jan 1294, the market at Clare was held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford (CIPM, iii, no. 371).
F (Prescriptive) nundinae recorded 5 Jan 1294, held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford (CIPM, iii, no. 371).

CLOPTON 6221 2526. 1334 Subsidy 63.75.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 19 Dec 1303, by K Edw I to John de Weyland (CChR, 1300–26, p. 43). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Faith (6 Oct); gr 19 Dec 1303, by K Edw I to John de Weyland (CChR, 1300–26, p. 43). To be held at the manor.

COVEHITHE 6523 2819. 1334 Subsidy 135.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 1298, by K Edw I to John de Cove. Date of the charter not given; it was ‘unfinished and vacated because elsewhere on the roll of the twenty-fifth year’. The market was to be held at the manor of Northales, Suffolk (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 471).
F (Charter) vf, Andrew (30 Nov); gr 1298, by K Edw I to John de Cove. Date of the charter not given; it was ‘unfinished and vacated because elsewhere on the roll of the twenty-fifth year’. The fair was to be held at the manor of Northales, Suffolk (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 471).
F (Charter) vf, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 17 Feb 1310, by K Edw II to John de Cove. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 133).

COWLINGE 5718 2549. 1334 Subsidy 70.52.
F (Letter Close) vf, Margaret (20 Jul); feria gr 2 Oct 1225, by K Hen III to Alienor countess of Salisbury. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 63). Order to the sh of Suffolk to allow Alienora, countess of Salisbury to hold the fair regardless of the king’s prohibition of all markets and fairs raised during the minority, dated 16 Jul 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 192b).

DEBENHAM 6174 2632. 1334 Subsidy 82.62. In 1488 a charter was enrolled whereby Sir Hugh Luttrell, great-grandson and heir of Sir Hugh Luttrell granted his right in the ‘markets and fairs of Debenham’ to Sir Henry Wentworth and others (H.J.T. Wood, ‘Pedigrees from the De Banco Rolls, temp. Henry VII’, The Genealogist n.s. 22 (1906), pp. 175-87, no. 90). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Letter Close) Mon; mercatum, gr 9 May 1221, by K Hen III to Robert Aguillon. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 456). On 17 Mar 1227, Robert Aguillun was granted markets on Mon and Fri by K Hen III (CChR, 1226–57, p. 23). Order to sh of Norfolk and Suffolk regarding the markets, 18 Mar 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 176b). The market in the manor of Debenham was recorded at Easter 1294 (Abb. Plac., p. 233). This could relate to the Mon market, or to the Fri market, below.
M (Letter Close) Fri; mercatum, gr 10 Jun 1222, by K Hen III to Robert Aguillon. To be held until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 499). On 17 Mar 1227, Robert Aguillun was granted markets on Mon and Fri by K Hen III (CChR, 1226–57, p. 23). Order to sh of Norfolk and Suffolk regarding the markets, 18 Mar 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 176b). The market in the manor of Debenham was recorded at Easter 1294 (Abb. Plac., p. 233). This could relate to the Fri market, or to the Mon market, above.
F (Letter Close) vf, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria gr 10 Jun 1222, by K Hen III to Robert de Aguillun. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 499). On 17 Mar 1227, Robert de Aguillun was granted a fair on vfm John the Baptist by K Hen III (CChR, 1226–57, p. 23). Order to sh of Norfolk and Suffolk regarding the fair, 18 Mar 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 176b).

DRINKSTONE 5959 2616. 1334 Subsidy 58.06.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 16 Jul 1267, by K Hen III to Muriel late the wife of Matthew de Luvain and her heirs. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 78). In 1274–5, Muriel de Lovayn was holding a market (RH, ii, p. 196b).
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 16 Jul 1267, by K Hen III to Muriel late the wife of Matthew de Luvain and her heirs (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 78). To be held at the manor.

DUNWICH 6475 2705. Borough 1066 (BF, p. 166; Darby, p. 367). Mint 1135–54. 1334 Subsidy 120. Possibly the civitas ‘Domnoc’, where an episcopal see was established in the seventh century and survived into the ninth. Dunwich appears to have grown rapidly as a town from the mid eleventh century, supplanting Blythburgh, Suffolk (q.v.) as a local centre (J.M. Wallace-Hadrill, Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People: a historical commentary (Oxford, 1988), pp. 11, 17, 78; VCH Suffolk, i, pp. 451–2; BF, p. 166). In 1242, it was alleged that the market at Leiston, Suffolk (q.v.) was detrimental to the king’s free borough of Dunwich (CRR, xvi, no. 2033). In 1274–5, the A of Leiston was said to be taking customs and toll from the market at Sizewell, Suffolk (q.v.) to the damage of the vill of Dunwich (RH, ii, p. 200). Dunwich was severely eroded by the sea and lost much of its business from the thirteenth century onwards. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) No further information for the market.

EARL STONHAM 6108 2588. 1334 Subsidy 44.75.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 16 Aug 1327, by K Edw III to Thomas, earl of Norfolk, marshal of England, the king’s uncle (CChR, 1327–41, p. 53). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+6, Purification (2 Feb); gr 16 Aug 1327, by K Edw III to Thomas, earl of Norfolk, marshal of England, the king’s uncle (CChR, 1327–41, p. 53). To be held at the manor.

EAST BERGHOLT 6071 2343. 1334 Subsidy 87.58.
M (Prescriptive) No further information for the market (N. Scarfe, ‘Medieval and later markets’, in D. Dymond and E. Martin eds., An Historical Atlas of Suffolk (Suffolk, 1988), p. 61).

EASTON BAVENTS 6512 2781. 1334 Subsidy 27.50.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 18 Jun 1330, by K Edw III to Thomas Bavent. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327–41, p. 178). The market was granted again to Thomas Bavent on 18 Jun 1336 by K Edw III, but the charter was ‘vacated because in 1330’ (CChR, 1327–41, p. 353).
F (Charter) vfm, Nicholas (6 Dec); gr 18 Jun 1330, by K Edw III to Thomas Bavent (CChR, 1327–41, p. 178). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Barnabas the Apostle (11 Jun); gr 18 Jun 1336, by K Edw III to Thomas Bavent (CChR, 1327–41, p. 353). To be held at the manor. The charter was ‘vacated because in 1330’.

ERWARTON 6221 2347. 1334 Subsidy 33.50.
M (Charter) Fri; mercatum, gr 28 Jan 1254, by K Hen III to Bartholomew de Auvylers (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2307; CPR, 1247–58, p. 263). To be held at the town.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 1 Jan 1347, by K Edw III to Robert Bacoun, kn (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 54). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption of Mary (15 Aug); feria gr 28 Jan 1254, by K Hen III to Bartholomew de Auvylers (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2307; CPR, 1247–58, p. 263). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vf, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 1 Jan 1347, by K Edw III to Robert Bacoun, kn (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 54). To be held at the town.

EXNING 5617 2656. Borough 1228 (BF, p. 166).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded c.1223. The market was moved to Newmarket, Suffolk (q.v.) in or about 1223 (Beresford, p. 490).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 12 Mar 1258, by K Hen III to William de Valence (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 8).
F (Charter) vfm, Whitsunday (Easter dep); gr 12 Mar 1258, by K Hen III to William de Valence (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 8).
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 12 Mar 1258, by K Hen III to William de Valence (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 8).

EYE 6149 2737. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 166; Darby, p. 367). Mint 1135–54. 1334 Subsidy 70.83. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) Sat; recorded 1066x86 (VCH Suffolk, i, p. 515). Twenty-five burgesses were living in the market (Darby, p. 370). After the Conquest, William Malet established a castle and a Sat market on the island at Eye. This damaged the market at Hoxne, Suffolk (q.v.). In 1106x16, K Hen I granted the M of St Peter of Eye a tenth penny in the market (Regesta, ii, no. 1145). Market held by the M mentioned in a spurious charter of 1123x25 (Regesta, ii, no. 1436). Market of Eye mentioned in a charter from K Steph, which appears to be spurious. Market recorded in 1156x62, held by ch of St Peter of Eye (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 363). Market held by M of Eye mentioned in 1194, 1196–8 (PR, 6 Ric I, p. 67; Chancellor’s Roll, 8 Ric I, p. 121; PR, 9 Ric I, p. 234; PR, 10 Ric I, p. 94). Market mentioned in charter of K John (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 365).
F (Charter) f+3, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); feria gr 1136–37, by K Steph to P and M of the ch of St Peter of Eye [Eye priory] (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 362). Confirmed by K Steph in 1137x8 (Regesta, iii, no. 288). Fair of four days at the feast of Peter ad Vincula held by the M mentioned in spurious charter of K Hen I, dated 1123x5 (Regesta, ii, no. 1436). Fair of four days at the feast of Peter in August mentioned in charter of K John (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 362, 365).

FELSHAM 5947 2570. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Felsham and Gedding were assessed together at 77.50 (Glasscock, p. 292).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 1 Mar 1268, by K Hen III to William Pecche (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 89). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 1 Mar 1268, by K Hen III to William Pecche (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 89). To be held at the manor.

FLIXTON 6518 2955. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Flixton was valued with Oulton at 35.78 (Glasscock, p. 290).
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 9 Nov 1253, by K Hen III to Geoffrey son of Albert (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 2231; CPR, 1247–58, p. 257). In 1274–5, Roger le Fiz Aubern was holding a Wed market (RH, ii, p. 169b).

FRAMLINGHAM 6285 2635. 1334 Subsidy 55. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). See also J. Ridgard ed., Medieval Framlingham, Select Documents 1270–1524 , Suffolk Record Society, 27 (1985), pp. 17, 53.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1270, held by Roger Bigod [earl of Norfolk]. Market was leased out in 1286–7. Market days were Tues, Fri and Sat at this time (J. Ridgard ed., Medieval Framlingham, Select Documents 1270–1524, Suffolk Record Society, 27 (1985), p. 17). The market was recorded on 2 Jan 1307, held by Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and marshall of England, lately deceased (CIPM, iv, no. 434). Market recorded in 1324–5 (J. Ridgard ed., Medieval Framlingham, Select Documents 1270–1524, Suffolk Record Society, 27 (1985), p. 17).
F (Prescriptive) Michaelmas (29 Sept); recorded late thirteenth century, held by Roger Bigod [earl of Norfolk] (J. Ridgard ed., Medieval Framlingham, Select Documents 1270–1524, Suffolk Record Society, 27 (1985), p. 17).
F (Prescriptive) Mon, Tues and Wed of Whit week (Easter dep); recorded 1324–5, held by Thomas de Brotherton [earl of Norfolk] (J. Ridgard ed., Medieval Framlingham, Select Documents 1270–1524, Suffolk Record Society, 27 (1985), p. 17).

FRECKENHAM 5666 2717. 1334 Subsidy 70.78.
M (Grant: other) Thurs; mercatum, gr 7 Mar 1219, by K Hen III to bp of Rochester. To be held at the manor (C 60/11 m.3). 1219, Nova Oblata: B bp of Rochester owed a palfrey for the market and the fair (see below) (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 48). In Autumn 1220, the bp of Rochester and the A of Bury St Edmunds appointed attorneys in a case concerning the raising of a market. The market is not identified, but it seems very likely that the case concerned the bp’s new market at Freckenham. The A may have been attempting to allege that it was detrimental to his market at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (q.v.) (CRR, ix, p. 215). In Spring 1221, the case continued and the parties had licence to make an agreement (CRR, x, p. 17). At Easter 1221, the bp of Rochester appointed attorneys in another case concerning the raising of an unidentified market, against Andrew de Middehal and Richard son of Hervy. The case continued in Autumn 1221, when the market was identified as that at Freckenham. The bp alleged that Alexander [sic] de Middehal and Richard son of Hervy had impeded the market (CRR, x, p. 2210). It is possible that this may have been related to the market at Mildenhall, Suffolk (q.v.).
F (Grant: other) vf, Nativity of Virgin Mary (8 Sept); feria gr 7 Mar 1219, by K Hen III to bp of Rochester. To be held at the manor (C 60/11 m.3). 1219, Nova Oblata: B bp of Rochester owed a palfrey for the fair and the market (see above). To be held at the manor (PR, 3 Hen III, p. 48).

GREAT BRICETT 6038 2507. 1334 Subsidy 37.62. Great Bricett priory was burnt down in 1416. The possessions of the priory were granted to Cambridge university by K Hen VI (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 81).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 1152x4, mercatum, by K Steph to ch of St Leonard of Bricett and the Ca [Great Bricett priory] (Regesta, iii, no. 118). The P of Great Bricett was holding a market, the day of which was not given, in 1285–6 (QW, p. 729).
F (Charter) Laurence (10 Aug); feria gr 1152x4, by K Steph to ch of St Leonard of Bricett and the Ca [Great Bricett priory] (Regesta, iii, no. 118).
F (Charter) Leonard (6 Nov); feria gr 1152x4, by K Steph to ch of St Leonard of Bricett and the Ca [Great Bricett priory] (Regesta, iii, no. 118).
The P of Great Bricett was holding a fair, the feast of which was not given, in 1285–6 (QW, p. 729).

GREAT THURLOW 5681 2504. 1334 Subsidy 43.77.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 26 Jan 1272, by K Hen III to Gilbert Pecche (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 179). To be held at the manor. In 1274–5, it was stated that Gilbert Pecche had purchased a market from K Hen III (RH, ii, pp. 172b, 195b).
F (Charter) vfm+2, Michael (29 Sept); gr 26 Jan 1272, by K Hen III to Gilbert Pecche. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 179).

GRUNDISBURGH 6223 2511. 1334 Subsidy 57.77.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 11 Apr 1285, by K Edw I to Hugh Peche (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 284). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f+5, Mon in Whit week (Easter dep); gr 11 Apr 1285, by K Edw I to Hugh Peche (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 284). To be held at the manor.

HACHESTON 6312 2585. 1334 Subsidy 34.50.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 3 Nov 1226, by K Hen III to P of Hykelinge [Hickling priory] (RLC, ii, p. 157). To be held until the king came of age.
F (Letter Close) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); feria gr 3 Nov 1226, by K Hen III to P of Hykelinge [Hickling priory]. To be held until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 23). Granted again to the P and Ca of Hykeling on 18 Mar 1227 by K Hen III (CChR, 1226–57, p. 23).

HADLEIGH 6026 2425. 1334 Subsidy 127.50. See also Toppesfield, Suffolk (q.v.).
M (Prescriptive) recorded ante 1269. In the mid thirteenth century, Philip Basset granted Lady Laura de Ros a market, the day of which was not given, in the town of Hadleigh. It was stated that the market had been annulled according to the laws of England, by a presentment of Sir Nicholas de Turri and his fellow itinerant justices in 1268–9. The grant was for the life of Laura de Ros with all remainders to Sir Robert Kokerel and Joan his wife, daughter and heir of the said Laura (CAD, i, C204).

HALESWORTH 6386 2774. 1334 Subsidy 60.12. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 29 Jun (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Letter Close) Tues; mercatum gr 4 Aug 1223, by K Hen III to Richard de Argentan. This grant was not apparently limited ‘until the king came of age' (C 60/8 m.3). On 17 Feb 1227, K Hen III granted Richard de Argentan a Tues market (CChR, 1226–57, p. 11). Order to the sh of Norfolk and Suffolk regarding the market, 14 Mar 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 175).
F (Charter) vf+2, Luke (18 Oct); gr 27 Jun 1292, by K Edw I to Reginald de Argentein (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 429). To be held at the manor.

HAUGHLEY 6026 2623. 1334 Subsidy 74.
M (Charter) gr 18 Feb 1227, by K Hen III to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife. Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife were granted an unspecified number of markets at three manors, including Haughley, together with the manors themselves, as part of a larger grant. Details of the market(s) were not given (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 12–13). An unspecified number of markets at four manors, including Haughley, were granted to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife on 28 Nov 1228 by K Hen III (CChR, 1226–57, p. 82).
F (Charter) gr 18 Feb 1227, by K Hen III to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife. Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife were granted an unspecified number of fairs at three manors, including Haughley, together with the manors themselves, as part of a larger grant. Details of the fair(s) were not given (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 12–13). An unspecified number of fairs at four manors, including Haughley, were granted to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife on 28 Nov 1228 by K Hen III (CChR, 1226–57, p. 82).

HAVERHILL 5672 2455. 1334 Subsidy 101.78. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, Sun after the 15 Aug (Harrison, p. 395).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1086, mercatum. The third part of a market ... the market is worth 13s. 4d. (Darby, p. 370)

HERRINGFLEET 6477 2978. 1334 Subsidy 22.50. Herringfleet priory, also known as St Olave’s, was founded early in K Hen III’s reign (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 172).
F (Letter Close) vf, Olav (29 Jul); feria gr 13 Apr 1226, by K Hen III to P of Herringfleet (RLC, ii, p. 105). To be held until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Suffolk to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held.

HOMERSFIELD 6284 2856.
F (Charter) vfm, Nicholas (6 Dec); gr 3 Sept 1227, by K Hen III to Thomas, bp of Norwich (CChR, 1226–57, p. 58). Order to the sh of Suffolk regarding the fair, 3 Sept 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 199).

HOXNE 6181 2775. 1334 Subsidy 165.50. There was a religious house at Hoxne in the mid tenth century, which was destroyed soon afterwards. Hoxne was later the joint seat of the bishopric of East Anglia, with North Elmham, Norfolk (q.v.), until the see was transferred to Thetford, Norfolk (q.v.) in 1072. Domesday Book notes that a church in Hoxne, then belonging to the bp of Thetford, had in 1066 been the seat of the bp of Suffolk (VCH Suffolk, i, p. 515).
M (Prescriptive) Sat; recorded ante 1066, mercatum, held by William, bp of Thetford in 1086 (Darby, p. 370). The Sat market at the manor before the Conquest was damaged afterwards by a new market established at Eye, Suffolk (q.v.) and the value of the market declined. The day of the Hoxne market was changed to Fri (VCH Suffolk, i, p. 515).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 3 Sept 1227, by K Hen III to Thomas, bp of Norwich (CChR, 1226–57, p. 58). Order to the sh of Suffolk regarding the market, 3 Sept 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 199).
F (Grant: other) Peter’s day [Peter and Paul] (29 Jun); probably gr in c.1106, by K Hen I to ch of Norwich, bp Herbert and the M (Regesta, ii, no. 762). Confirmed by K Steph in 1136, when the feast was given as Peter and Paul (Regesta, iii, no. 616). In 1157, the fair was confirmed by K Hen II to the ch of Norwich and the M. On 17 Sept 1176, the fair was confirmed by Pope Alexander to the cathedral priory (B. Dodwell ed., The Charters of Norwich Cathedral Priory, i, Pipe Roll Society (London, 1974), nos. 35, 281). On 10 May 1232, K Hen III confirmed the fair, the feast of which was given as Peter and Paul, to the ch of Norwich and the M (CChR, 1226–57, p. 153). On 10 Sept 1274, the fair was confirmed by Pope Gregory X to the cathedral priory (B. Dodwell ed., The Charters of Norwich Cathedral Priory, i, Pipe Roll Society (London, 1974), no. 311).

IPSWICH 6165 2445. Borough 1066 (Darby, p. 367; BF, p. 166). Mint 970s–1154. 1334 Subsidy 645.25. A flourishing centre of trade and industry in the seventh to ninth centuries, with a borough court and other urban features in the tenth (D.M. Palliser ed., Cambridge Urban History of Britain (Cambridge, 2000) i, pp. 218–21; E.O. Blake ed., Liber Eliensis, Camden third series 92 (1962), p. 100). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 23 Apr; 25 Jul (Harrison, pp. 393, 395).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1212, mercatum de piscaria, held by men of Ipswich. Market said to have been held in the same place since the conquest of England (CRR, vi, p. 311). A market (mercatum) was recorded in 1213 (CRR, vii, p. 49). In 1231, it was alleged that the Wed market, held by K Hen III, was being damaged by that at Woodbridge, Suffolk (q.v.) (CRR, xv, no. 1661).
F (Grant: other) Exaltation of Holy Cross in September (14 Sept); nundine gr 1154x1156–61, by K Hen II to ch of Holy Trinity, Ipswich and the Ca (Actes de Henri II, i, p. 295). On 11 Jan 1204, K John confirmed the three day fair on Exaltation of Holy Cross to the ch of Holy Trinity, Ipswich (RCh, p. 116). On 18 Mar 1331, it was said that the P and C of Ipswich had shown in the last Parliament that they had held a fair on f+2 Exaltation of Holy Cross within and without the town of Ipswich. They ‘prayed for their better security that they might have a grant of the fair’. For a fine of 20s., K Edw III granted the P and C a fair on f+2 Exaltation of Holy Cross within and without the town of Ipswich (CChR, 1327–41, p. 216).
F (Prescriptive) fm, James the Apostle (25 Jul); feria recorded 27 Apr 1200, held by lepers of St Mary Magdalen of Ipswich (RCh, p. 52). K John confirmed to the lepers the fair held at their house.

IXWORTH 5931 2703. 1334 Subsidy 41.50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 25 May 1384, by K Ric II to P and C of Ixworth (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 293).
F (Charter) first day of May, gr 25 May 1384, by K Ric II to P and C of Ixworth (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 293).
F (Charter) f, Luke (18 Oct); gr 25 May 1384, by K Ric II to P and C of Ixworth (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 293).

KELSALE 6388 2652. 1334 Subsidy 34.50. Market granted at ‘Cara(m)halla’, which is identified as Kelsale (VCH Suffolk, i, p. 469; N. Scarfe, The Suffolk Landscape (1972), pp. 151, 167–71).
M (Grant: other) gr 1066x86, mercatum, by K Wil I to Roger Bigot. Domesday Book states: ‘and now a market, of the king’s gift.’ (VCH Suffolk, i, p. 469).

KELTON 6372 2618. The grid references refer to Benhall which incorporates Kelton.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 15 Jun 1292, by K Edw I to Guy Ferre (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 422). To be held at Kelton, within the manor of Benhall.
F (Charter) vfm, Augustine in May (26 May); gr 15 Jun 1292, by K Edw I to Guy Ferre (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 422). To be held at Kelton, within the manor of Benhall.

KERSEY 6003 2439. 1334 Subsidy 42.56.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 2 Nov 1252, by K Hen III to Philip Basset (CChR, 1226–57, p. 407). To be held at the manor.
M (Prescriptive) Fri; recorded 10 Mar 1327x24 Jan 1328 (C. Breay ed., The Cartulary of Chatteris Abbey (Woodbridge, 1999) no. 191). The Fri market was recorded in an inquisition. Profits of the market were recorded on 30 Dec 1352, held by John, earl of Kent, lately deceased. The day of the market was not given (CIPM, x, no. 46). It is not clear which of the markets this relates to.

KESSINGLAND 6528 2863. 1334 Subsidy 81.42.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 25 Oct 1251, by K Hen III to Roger de Monte Alto (CChR, 1226–57, p. 368). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Edmund the king (20 Nov); gr 25 Oct 1251, by K Hen III to Roger de Monte Alto (CChR, 1226–57, p. 368). To be held at the manor.

KETTLEBURGH 6265 2606. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Kettleburgh and Eston were assessed together at 39.44 (Glasscock, p. 295).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 20 Feb 1265, by K Hen III to William Charles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 53). To be held at the manor. On 10 Jan 1292, K Edw I confirmed the charter to William Charles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 413).
F (Charter) vfm, Martin (11 Nov); gr 20 Feb 1265, by K Hen III to William Charles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 53). To be held at the manor. On 10 Jan 1292, K Edw I confirmed the charter to William Charles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 413).

LAKENHEATH 5714 2828. 1334 Subsidy 104.83.
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum, gr 25 Mar 1201, by K John to P and M of St Etheldrede of Ely (RCh, p. 91b). 1202, Nova Oblata: A of Bury owed 1m. for an inquest whether the new market was damaging to that at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (q.v.) (PR, 4 John, p. 114). In 1202, a jury decided that the market of the bp and M of Ely at Lakenheath was damaging to the market of the A of St Edmunds (CRR, i, pp. 135–6; Abb. Plac., p. 36).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 7 May 1250, by K Hen III to earl of Gloucester (CChR, 1226–57, p. 348). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Wed, gr 14 Sept 1309, by K Edw II to P and C of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 130). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) Assumption (15 Aug); gr 7 May 1250, by K Hen III to earl of Gloucester (CChR, 1226–57, p. 348). To be held at the manor. The roll is damaged and details of the fair are missing.
F (Charter) vf+3, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 14 Sept 1309, by K Edw II to P and C of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 130). To be held at the manor.

LAVENHAM 5913 2491. 1334 Subsidy 108. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford (CChR, 1226–57, p. 475). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) Mon, Tues, Wed of Whit week (Easter dep); gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to Hugh de Vere, earl of Oxford. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 475). On 16 Jul 1290, K Edw I granted Robert de Veer, earl of Oxford, a yearly fair at the manor on the vfm Michaelmas (29 Sept), in lieu of this fair granted by K Hen III (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 368).

LAXFIELD 6296 2724. 1334 Subsidy 75. Fair 1587, 1 May (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Letter Close) Sat; mercatum, gr 23 Feb 1226, by K Hen III to Richard de Swinethorp (RLC, ii, p. 100). To be held at the manor until the king came of age.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 12 Nov 1472, by K Edw IV to John Wyngfield, kn (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 240). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) 1+f, Philip and James (1 May); gr 12 Nov 1472, by K Edw IV to John Wyngfield, kn (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 240). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) 1+f, Trans of Edward the king (13 Oct); gr 12 Nov 1472, by K Edw IV to John Wyngfield, kn (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 240). To be held at the town.

LEISTON 6445 2626. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Leiston was valued with Sizewell, Suffolk (q.v.) at 121 (Glasscock, p. 289).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1242, mercatum, held by A of Leyston. It was alleged that a market was held every day, to the detriment of the borough of Dunwich, Suffolk (q.v.). The A denied that he was holding a market (CRR, xvi, no. 2033; CRR, xvii, no. 696).
M (Letter Patent) Fri; gr 20 Sept 1278, by K Edw I to Nicholas, A of Leyston and the M (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 321–2). On 20 Sept 1312, K Edw II granted the market to the A and C of Leyston. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 198). On 1 May 1391, the A and C petitioned that the market was of no value and had not been for ‘some years’, as the manor was on the sea coast and had been impoverished by ‘the enemy and other misfortunes’ and because ‘the people of the neighbourhood will not buy on Fri as readily as other days’. The letters patent granted on 20 Sept 1278 were restored to the chancery to be cancelled and K Ric II granted the A and C a market on Tues within the bounds of the manor in lieu (CChR, 1341–1417, pp. 321–2).
F (Charter) vf+2, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 20 Sept 1312, by K Edw II to A and C of Leyston (CChR, 1300–26, p. 198). On 10 Oct 1315, K Edw II granted the A and C of Leyston a fair on vf+2 Andrew (30 Nov) in lieu (CChR, 1300–26. p. 289).

LETHERINGHAM 6268 2586. 1334 Subsidy 48.38.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 7 Jan 1297, by K Edw I to P and C of Lethringham (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 467). To be held at the manor.

LIDGATE 5721 2582. 1334 Subsidy 75.94.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1274–5, mercatum, held by Henry de Hastings (RH, ii, pp. 152b, 172b). Held in the vill ab antiquo.

LONG MELFORD 5865 2468. 1334 Subsidy 109.81. Fair 1587, Tues in Whit week (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 1 Jul 1235, by K Hen III to Henry, A of St Edmunds (CChR, 1226–57, p. 209). A of St Edmunds and Richard de Clar’ were contesting a case coram rege regarding the raising of a market at Long Melford on 21 Oct 1235 (CR, 1234–7, p. 202). Presumably, Richard was concerned about the damage to his own market at Clare, Suffolk (q.v.). On 13 Sept 1330, the market was granted by K Edw III to the A and C of St Edmund (CChR, 1327–41, p. 190).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 1 Jul 1235, by K Hen III to Henry, A of St Edmunds (CChR, 1226–57, p. 209).
F (Charter) vf+7, Whitsunday (Easter dep); gr 13 Sept 1330, by K Edw III to A and C of St Edmunds (CChR, 1327–41, p. 190). To be held at the manor.

LOTHINGLAND Unless the reference is to the hundred of Lothingland, the place was probably an eroded settlement in the busy commercial district at the mouth of the river Yare, which included Lowestoft, Suffolk and Great Yarmouth and Gorleston-on-Sea, Norfolk (q.v.). This settlement may have been close to Lowestoft, which was perhaps its successor. Beresford considered that Lothingland market was at or near Gorleston-on-Sea, Norfolk, where there was a market in the late thirteenth century (Beresford, pp. 297, 489; RH, ii, p. 169b).
M (Grant: other) gr in or ante 1211, mercatum, to the men of Lothingland, who owed a palfrey for having a market (PR, 13 John, p. 7). In 1228, the men of Great Yarmouth, Norfolk (q.v.) complained that Roger fitz Osbert, guardian of the king’s manor of Lothingland had raised a new market to the damage of Great Yarmouth. However, the jury judged that there had always been a market here. It had originally been held on a Sun. When the manor had been in the hands of the earl of Salisbury, he had moved the site of the market as it was being eroded by the sea. From the time the market place had been moved, the market day had been Thurs (CRR, xiii, pp. 108–11). In 1274–5, it was stated that the manor of Lothingland had a market ab antiquo (RH, ii, p. 169b).

LOWESTOFT 6550 2932. 1334 Subsidy 37.59. Probably the successor to Lothingland, Suffolk (q.v.) as a commercial centre. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 15 Nov 1308, by K Edw II to John de Brittania, earl of Richmond. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 123). Granted to William de la Pole, marquis and earl of Suffolk on 15 Dec 1445 by K Hen VI. To be held at the town (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 59).
F (Charter) vf+6, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 15 Nov 1308, by K Edw II to John de Brittania, earl of Richmond (CChR, 1300–26, p. 123). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) 3+f+3, Philip and James (1 May); gr 15 Dec 1445, by K Hen VI to William de la Pole, marquis and earl of Suffolk (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 59). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) 3+f+3, Michaelmas (29 Sept); gr 15 Dec 1445, by K Hen VI to William de la Pole, marquis and earl of Suffolk (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 59). To be held at the town.

MARGRITESTOWE 6353 2443. The grid references refer to Hollesley which incorporates Margritestowe.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1270, held by Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk. Margritestowe market was part of the manor of Hollesley (CIPM, i, no. 744).
F (Prescriptive) feria, recorded 1274–5. William de Stirston was holding a fair called Margaretistowe, in the hundred of Wyleford. He had been a bailiff of the Earl Marshall. The fair was maintained by the present Earl Marshall (RH, ii, p. 190b). On 2 Jan 1307, the fair (feria) at Hollesley on the feast of St Margaret was held by Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England, lately deceased (CIPM, iv, no. 434).

MARKET WESTON 5990 2782. 1334 Subsidy 40.50.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 14 Dec 1263, by K Hen III to Robert Houel (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 46). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew the Apostle (21 Sept); gr 14 Dec 1263, by K Hen III to Robert Houel (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 46). To be held at the manor.

MENDLESHAM 6106 2658. 1334 Subsidy 90.12. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 28 Dec 1280, by K Edw I to Hugh son of Otho. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 247). On 15 Dec 1376, Dame Katherine who was the wife of Sir John Buttourt was assigned in dower a third of the profit of a market, the day of which was not given (CCR, 1374–77, p. 509).
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 28 Dec 1280, by K Edw I to Hugh son of Otho. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 247). On 15 Dec 1376, Dame Katherine who was the wife of Sir John Buttourt was assigned in dower a third of the profit of a fair, the feast of which was not given (CCR, 1374–77, p. 509).

MILDENHALL 5711 2747. 1334 Subsidy 172.55. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Grant: other) Tues; mercatum, gr 26 Dec 1219, by K Hen III to A of St Edmunds (C 60/12 m. 8). 1221, Nova Oblata: the A owed one palfrey for the market and the fair (see below). To be held at the manor (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 55). It is possible that a legal case concerning Freckenham, Suffolk (q.v.) at Easter and in the Autumn of 1221 may also have been related to the market at Mildenhall (CRR, x, pp. 17, 220). On 1 Jun 1412, it was stated that the Tues market held by the A and C of Bury St Edmunds had ‘long been discontinued because folk have gone to other ... markets held by other persons on the same days in other places near the town of Mildenhall under grants from preceding kings’. K Hen IV therefore granted the A and C of Bury St Edmunds a Fri market in lieu. They paid 20s. in the hanaper (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 447).
F (Grant: other) vf, Trans of Edmund (29 Apr); feria gr 26 Dec 1219, by K Hen III to A of St Edmunds (C 60/12 m. 8). 1221, Nova Oblata: A owed one palfrey for the fair and the market (see above). To be held at the manor (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 55).
F (Prescriptive) f, Peter’s Chains (1 Aug); recorded 1 Jun 1412, held by A and C of Bury St Edmunds (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 447). On 1 Jun 1412, it was stated that the fair had ‘long been discontinued because folk have gone to other ... fairs held by other persons on the same days in other places near the town of Mildenhall under grants from preceding kings’. K Hen IV therefore granted the A and C of Bury St Edmunds a fair on vfm Michaelmas (29 Sept) in lieu. They paid 20s. in the hanaper.

MOULTON 5700 2642. 1334 Subsidy 65.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 5 Oct 1298, by K Edw I to John de Aygneaus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 473). To be held at the manor.

NAYLAND 5976 2342. 1334 Subsidy 45. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Charter) gr 18 Feb 1227, by K Hen III to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife. Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife were granted an unspecified number of markets at three manors, including Nayland, together with the manors themselves, as part of a larger grant. Details of the market(s) were not given (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 12–13). Unspecified markets at four manors, including Nayland, were granted to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife on 28 Nov 1228 by K Hen III (CChR, 1226–57, p. 82).
F (Charter) gr 18 Feb 1227, by K Hen III to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife. Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife were granted an unspecified number of fairs at three manors, including Nayland, together with the manors themselves, as part of a larger grant. Details of the fair(s) were not given (CChR, 1226–57, pp. 12–13). Unspecified fairs at four manors, including Nayland, were granted to Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent and Margaret his wife on 28 Nov 1228 by K Hen III (CChR, 1226–57, p. 82).

NEWMARKET 5644 2633. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Woodditton and Saxon were valued with Newmarket (Saxon cum novo mercato) as part of Camois, at 105 (Glasscock, p. 28). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 21 Oct; 28 Oct (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1217–18, when Henry de Novo mercato was referred to in a fine (C 60/9 m.6). The market at Exning, Suffolk (q.v.) was moved here in or about 1223. Market recorded in 1283 (Beresford, p. 490).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); feria gr 4 Aug 1223, by K Hen III to Richard de Argentan. This grant was not apparently limited ‘until the king came of age’ (C 60/18 m. 3). On 21 Apr 1226, K Hen III granted Richard de Argentoein that the fair on vfm Giles which he was accustomed to hold, would be held on vfm Simon and Jude (28 Oct) until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 106). On 17 Feb 1227, K Hen III granted Richard de Argentan a fair on vfm Simon and Jude (CChR, 1226–57, p. 11). Order sent to sh of Norfolk and Suffolk regarding the fair, 14 Mar 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 175).
F (Charter) 2+f+5, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 27 Jun 1292, by K Edw I to Reginald de Argentein (CChR 1257–1300 p. 429). To be held at the manor.

ORFORD 6422 2500. Borough 1306 (BF, p. 167). 1334 Subsidy 100. Orford was a prosperous port by 1203–5 (N.S.B. Gras, The Early English Customs System: a documentary study of the institutional and economic history of the customs from the thirteenth to the sixteenth century (Cambridge, Mass, 1918), p. 222). In 1274–5, the king’s vill of Orford was being damaged by the market at Saxmundham, Suffolk (q.v.) (RH, ii, p. 199b). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 9 Sept 1298, held by Robert de Ufford (CIPM, iii, no. 469).

OULTON 6509 2936. 1334 Subsidy 35.78.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 12 Feb 1307, by K Edw I to Adam Bacun and Edmund Bacun and their heirs (CChR, 1300–26, p. 80). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 12 Feb 1307, by K Edw I to Adam Bacun and Edmund Bacun and their heirs (CChR, 1300–26, p. 80). To be held at the manor.

OUSDEN 5736 2596. 1334 Subsidy 24.25.
M (Charter) Wed; mercatum, gr 2 Oct 1254, by K Hen III to William de Criketoft (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4173; CPR, 1247–58, p. 342). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension of the Lord (Easter dep); feria gr 2 Oct 1254, by K Hen III to William de Criketoft (Roles Gascons, 1242–54, no. 4173; CPR, 1247–58, p. 342). To be held at the manor.

PETTISTREE 6298 2549. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Pettistree, Wickham Market, Suffolk (q.v.) and Loudham were assessed together at 53.44 (Glasscock, p. 295).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 14 Apr 1253, by K Hen III to Roger de Huntingfeud (CChR, 1226–57, p. 429). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 14 Apr 1253, by K Hen III to Roger de Huntingfeud (CChR, 1226–57, p. 429). To be held at the manor.

RAYDON 6049 2386. 1334 Subsidy 50.37.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 12 Dec 1310, by K Edw II to Robert de Reydon (CChR, 1300–26, p. 167). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Edmund the archbp (16 Nov); gr 12 Dec 1310, by K EdwII to Robert de Reydon (CChR, 1300–26, p. 167). To be held at the manor.
The charter of 1310 to Robert de Reydon concerns Raydon rather than Reydon (Suffolk) and includes grants of free warren at several villages near Raydon.

REDGRAVE 6057 2782. 1334 Subsidy 84.25.
M (Grant: other) Thurs; mercatum, gr 26 Dec 1219, by K Hen III to A of St Edmunds (C 60/12 m. 8). 1221, Nova Oblata: A of St Edmunds owed one palfrey for the market and the fair (see below). To be held at the manor (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 55). On 5 Apr 1227, K Hen III granted the A and M of St Edmund a Thurs market (CChR, 1226–57, p. 30). Letter to sh of Suffolk regarding the market, 5 Apr 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 180b).
F (Grant: other) vf, Botolph (17 Jun); feria gr 26 Dec 1219, by K Hen III to A of St Edmunds (C 60/12 m. 8). 1221, Nova Oblata: A owed one palfrey for the fair and the market (above). To be held at the manor (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 55). On 5 Apr 1227, K Hen III granted the A and M of St Edmund a fair on vf Botolph (CChR, 1226–57, p. 30). Letter to sh of Suffolk regarding the fair, 5 Apr 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 180b).

REYDON 6491 2782. 1334 Subsidy 69.80. The grant of a market and fair to Robert de Reydon in 1310 concerns Raydon, Suffolk (q.v.)

RINGSHALL 6043 2529. 1334 Subsidy 63.38.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 22 Jul 1270, by K Hen III to Thomas Charles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 149).
F (Charter) vfm, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 22 Jul 1270, by K Hen III to Thomas Charles (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 149).

SAXMUNDHAM 6388 2630. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Saxmundham, Benhall, Suffolk (q.v.) and Farnham were assessed together at 70.81 (Glasscock, p. 294). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 28 Jul 1272, by K Hen III to John de Rammeseye. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 183). In 1274–5, John de Rames’ was holding a market to the detriment of the vill of Orford, Suffolk (q.v.) (RH, ii, p. 199b).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 18 Dec 1310, by K Edw II to Thomas de Verlay, king’s yeoman. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 165). Thomas had acquired land at Saxmundham from William de Byskelye without licence; it was therefore taken into the king’s hands, but later restored to Thomas. Mandate to the escheator beyond Trent to pay Thomas the profits of the market whilst it was in the king’s hands, 29 Mar 1311 (CCR, 1307–13, p. 309).
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 28 Jul 1272, by K Hen III to John de Rammeseye (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 183). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Decollation of John the Baptist (29 Aug); gr 18 Dec 1310, by K Edw II to Thomas de Verlay, king’s yeoman. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 165). Thomas had acquired land at Saxmundham from William de Byskelye without licence; it was therefore taken into the king’s hands, but later restored to Thomas. Mandate to the escheator beyond Trent to pay Thomas the profits of the fair whilst it was in the king’s hands, 29 Mar 1311 (CCR, 1307–13, p. 309).
F (Charter) vf, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 1 May 1347, by K Edw III to John de Wingfield, kn (CPR, 1345–8, p. 530). To be held at the manor.

SHELLEY 6031 2384. 1334 Subsidy 35.75.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 5 Apr 1226, by K Hen III to Robert de Tatteshal. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 105). On 20 Jun 1227, K Hen III granted Robert de Tateshale a Thurs market (CChR, 1226–57, p. 45). Order to sh of Suffolk regarding the market, 1 May 1227 and to the sh of Norfolk on 28 Jun 1227 (RLC, ii, pp. 183b, 190b).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 20 Jun 1227, by K Hen III to Robert de Tateshale (CChR, 1226–57, p. 45). Order to sh of Norfolk regarding the fair, 28 Jun 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 190b).

SHOTLEY 6238 2358. 1334 Subsidy 49.62.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 21 Oct 1303, by K Edw I to William Vysdeleu (CChR, 1300–26, p. 37). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 21 Oct 1303, by K Edw I to William Vysdeleu (CChR, 1300–26, p. 37). To be held at the manor.

SIZEWELL 6473 2627. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Sizewell was valued with Leiston, Suffolk (q.v.) at 121 (Glasscock, p. 289).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1274–5, mercatum, held by A of Leiston (RH, ii, p. 200). The A of Leiston was said to be taking customs and toll from the market to the damage of the vill of Dunwich, Suffolk (q.v.).

SOHAM EARL 6234 2630. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Earl Soham was assessed together with Kenton at 50.25 (Glasscock, p. 295).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 29 Jul 1302, by K Edw I to Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and marshall of England. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 26). Granted by K Edw II to Thomas de Brotherton, earl of Norfolk, the king’s brother, on 18 Mar 1314 (CChR, 1300–26, p. 235).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 29 Jul 1302, by K Edw I to Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England (CChR, 1300–26, p. 26). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) Mon, Tues, Wed in Whitsun week (Easter dep); gr 18 Mar 1314, by K Edw II to Thomas de Brotherton, earl of Norfolk, the king’s brother (CChR, 1300–26, p. 235). To be held at the manor.

SOMERLEYTON 6479 2970.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 1227x72, by K Hen III to Roger le fiz Aubern (RH, ii, p. 169b). In 1274–5, Roger le fiz Aubern was holding the market.

SOMERSHAM 6091 2484. 1334 Subsidy 45.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 23 Oct 1319, by K Edw II to John de Hotham, bp of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 415). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf+2, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 23 Oct 1319, by K Edw II to John de Hotham, bp of Ely (CChR, 1300–26, p. 415). To be held at the manor.

SOUTHERTON 6442 2796. 1334 Subsidy 16.50.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 22 Apr 1226, by K Hen III to H[ubert] de Burgh, Justiciar. To be held at the manor until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Suffolk to cause him to have it (RLC, ii, p. 106b). Day of H[ubert] de Burgh, Justiciar of England’s market changed to Wed on 15 Jun 1226, to be held until the king came of age. Mandate to the sh of Suffolk to cause him to have it (RLC, ii, p. 120b). Hubert’s market was moved to Westhall, Suffolk (q.v.) on 16 Jul 1229 (CR, 1227–31, p. 192).

SOUTHWOLD 6507 2763. 1334 Subsidy 54.12. Incorporated in 1490 (BF, p. 167). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 1221, by K Hen III to A of St Edmunds. To be held until the king came of age (C 60/14 m. 4). 1221, Nova Oblata: A of St Edmunds owed one palfrey for having the market and the fair (see below) until the king came of age. The day of the market was not given. To be held at the manor (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 56). On 5 Apr 1227, K Hen III granted the A and M of St Edmund a Thurs market (CChR, 1226–57, p. 30). Letter to sh of Suffolk regarding the market, 5 Apr 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 180b).
F (Letter Close) vf, Philip and James (1 May); feria gr 1221, by K Hen III to A of St Edmunds. To be held until the king came of age (C 60/14 m. 4). 1221, Nova Oblata: A of St Edmunds owed one palfrey for having the fair and the market (see above) until the king came of age. To be held at the manor. The duration and date of the fair were not given (PR, 5 Hen III, p. 56). On 12 May 1223, the fair which had been granted to the A of St Edmunds on the vf Philip and James the Apostles (1 May) until the king came of age was changed to the vf Nicholas (6 Dec), until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 545b). On 5 Apr 1227, K Hen III granted the A and M of St Edmund a fair on vf Philip and James (CChR, 1226–57, p. 30). Letter to sh of Suffolk regarding the fair, 5 Apr 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 180b).

STOKE BY NAYLAND 5986 2363. 1334 Subsidy 71.63. Fair 1587, 1 May (Harrison, p. 393).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 10 Oct 1303, by K Edw I to William de Tendring (CChR, 1300–26, p. 36). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 19 Nov 1479, by K Edw IV to John Howard of Howard, kn (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 250). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Luke (18 Oct); gr 10 Oct 1303, by K Edw I to William de Tendring (CChR, 1300–26, p. 36). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Philip and James (1 May); gr 19 Nov 1479, by K Edw IV to John Howard of Howard (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 250). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 19 Nov 1479, by K Edw IV to John Howard of Howard (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 250). To be held at the manor.

STOWMARKET 6049 2587. 1334 Subsidy 97.50. Previously called Thorney, which was in the hundred of Stow. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1086, mercatum (Darby, p. 370). This market was at Thorney, an important royal centre in the hundred of ‘Stou’.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 28 Jul 1338, by K Edw III to Richard de Amoundevilla (CChR, 1327–41, p. 456). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter) Thurs, gr 23 Jul 1347, by K Edw III to A and C of St Osyth (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 55). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 28 Jul 1338, by K Edw III to Richard de Amoundevilla (CChR, 1327–41, p. 456). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 23 Jul 1347, by K Edw III to A and C of St Osyth (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 55). To be held at the manor.

STRADBROKE 6232 2740. 1334 Subsidy 135.
M (Letter Close) Fri; mercatum, gr 25 Oct 1225, by K Hen III to Hugh Ruffo. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 68). On 26 Nov 1225, the day of the market was changed from Fri to Tues (RLC, ii, p. 85). However, on 6 Jul 1227, K Hen III granted a Fri market to Hugh Ruffus, son of Ernard Ruffus (CChR, 1226–57, p. 46). Order to sh of Suffolk to publicise the market throughout his baliwick and to cause him to have it, 6 Jul 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 190). This suggests that the change of the day of the market was either short-lived, or possibly was never implemented.
F (Charter) vf+2, Barnabas (11 Jun); gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Richard de Brewosa (CChR, 1300–26, p. 132). To be held at the manor.

STRATFORD ST MARY 6052 2346. 1334 Subsidy 35.50.
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 20 Jul 1384, by K Ric II to Michael de la Pole (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 296).
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Thomas (7 Jul); gr 20 Jul 1384, by K Ric II to Michael de la Pole (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 296).

SUDBURY 5873 2413. Borough 1086 (BF, p. 167; Darby, p. 367). Mint c.979–1154. 1334 Subsidy 280.50. Domesday Book mentions both Sudbury’s market and its moneyers (VCH Suffolk, i, p. 426). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 12 Mar; 29 Jun; 24 Aug (Harrison, pp. 393–5).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) mercatum, recorded 1086 (Darby, p. 370). In 1241, Richard de la Lad’ accounted for £6 13s. 4d. of the farm of the market of Sudbury (PR, 26 Hen III, p. 140).

THURSTON END 5797 2514. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Thurston End and Hawkedon were assessed together at 31.75 (Glasscock, p. 294).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 28 May 1290, by K Edw I to Thomas son of Lambert de Multon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 346). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 28 May 1290, by K Edw I to Thomas son of Lambert de Multon (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 346). To be held at the manor.

TOPPESFIELD 6025 2423. The grid references refer to Toppesfield Hall, which is now in the town of Hadleigh, Suffolk (q.v.).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 20 May 1252, by K Hen III to Gilbert de Kyrkeby and Lauretta his wife. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1226–57, p. 392). In 1274–5, John de Kyrkeby, son of the grantee, was holding a market at ‘Chappelfeud’ in Cosford hundred by a charter of K Hen III. It is assumed that this was Toppesfield (RH, ii, p. 199b).
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 20 May 1252, by K Hen III to Gilbert de Kyrkeby and Lauretta his wife (CChR, 1226–57, p. 392). To be held at the manor.

WALSHAM LE WILLOWS 5999 2712. 1334 Subsidy 41.75.
M (Prescriptive) No further information for the market (N. Scarfe, ‘Medieval and later markets’, in D. Dymond and E. Martin eds., An Historical Atlas of Suffolk (Suffolk, 1988), p. 61).

WALTON 6300 2356.
M (Charter) Sat; mercatum, gr 25 May 1200, by K John to Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk (RCh, p. 65). To be held at the manor.
F(Prescriptive) Translation of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); recorded 2 Jan 1307, held by Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England, lately deceased (CIPM, iv , no. 434).

WANTFORD 5770 2482. The grid references refer to Poslingford, which incorporates Wantford.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1262, held by Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester (CIPM, i, no. 530).
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension [of the Lord] (Easter Dep); gr 30 Jan 1231, by K Hen III to Gilbert de Wanteford, parson of the chapel of St Mary, Wanteford. To be held at the chapel (CChR, 1226–57, p. 129). Mandate to sh of Suffolk to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held on Ascension of the Lord, 30 Jan 1231 (CR, 1227–31, p. 475).
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1262, held by Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester (CIPM, i, no. 530). Richard de Clare was holding an unspecified number of fairs, the feasts of which were not given.

WESTHALL 6423 2804. 1334 Subsidy 40.50.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; mercatum, gr 16 Jul 1229, by K Hen III to H[ubert] de Burgh. Mandate to sh of Suffolk to proclaim that the market which Hubert de Burgh was accustomed to hold at Southerton, Suffolk (q.v.) would henceforth be held at his manor of Westhall, just as it had been ordered to be held at Southerton (CR, 1227–31, p. 192).

WESTHORPE 6044 2692.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 22 Nov 1372, by K Edw II to William de Elmham, kn (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 227). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vf, James the Apostle (25 Jul); gr 22 Nov 1372, by K Edw II to William de Elmham, kn (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 227). To be held at the town.

WHITTINGHAM 6279 2782. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Whittingham was assessed together with Fressingfield and Chippenhall at 127.75 (Glasscock, p. 288). See also the entry for Ludborough, Lincolnshire (q.v.).
M (Charter) Tues; gr 3 May 1267, by K Hen III to Richard de Breuse (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 74). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Giles (1 Sept); gr 3 May 1267, by K Hen III to Richard de Breuse (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 74). To be held at the manor.

WICKHAM MARKET 6302 2558. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Wickham Market, Pettistree, Suffolk (q.v. and Loudham were assessed together at 53.44 (Glasscock, p. 295). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1274–5, forum, held by Robert de Ufford (RH, ii, p. 199b). On 9 Sept 1298, the market, the day of which was not given, was stated to have been lately held by Robert de Ufford, who was now deceased (CIPM, iii, no. 469).

WISSETT 6366 2793. 1334 Subsidy 90.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 20 Feb 1267, by K Hen III to John de Vallibus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 73). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 20 Feb 1267, by K Hen III to John de Vallibus (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 73). To be held at the manor.

WITNESHAM 6180 2509. 1334 Subsidy 50.50.
M (Letter Close) Thurs; gr 5 Jan 1227, by K Hen III to William son of Reynere (RLC, ii, p 164). To be held at the manor.

WOODBRIDGE 6271 2491. In the 1334 Lay Subsidy, Woodbridge was assessed together with Hoo and Dalinghoo at 71.88 (Glasscock, p. 295). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Letter Close) Wed; gr 1 Dec 1226, by K Hen III to P of Woodbridge. To be held at the manor until the king came of age (RLC, ii, p. 160). On 6 Jul 1227, K Hen III granted a Wed market to Hugh Ruffus, son of Ernard Ruffus (CChR, 1226–57, p. 46). Order to sh of Norfolk to publicise the market throughout his baliwick and to cause him to have it, 6 Jul 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 190). In 1231, it was stated that the market was to the detriment of that at Ipswich, Suffolk (q.v.). The P of Woodbridge stated that Hugh Ruffos had set up the Wed market, for which he had a royal charter, three years before his death. Hugh had subsequently granted the market to the P of Woodbridge (CRR, xiv, no. 1661).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 14 May 1342, by K Edw III to P and C of St Mary, Woodbridge (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 11). Grant mentioned in a charter dated 7 May 1447 (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 81).
F (Charter) f+2, Annunciation (25 Mar); gr 14 May 1342, by K Edw III to P and C of Woodbridge (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 11).
F (Charter) f+2, Mary Magdalen (22 Jul); gr 7 May 1447, by K Hen VI to P and C of Woodbridge (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 81).
An unspecified number of markets (the days of which were not given) were mentioned in a charter dated 7 May 1447 (CChR, 1427–1516, p. 81).

WOODHALL 5877 2428.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 31 Dec 1295, forum, held by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford (CIPM, iii, no. 371).

WOOLPIT 5973 2625. 1334 Subsidy 32.50. Woolpit may have developed relatively late as a commercial centre: its fair is not recorded until the late fifteenth century and there is no medieval reference to its market. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1481–2 (A. Crawford ed., The Household Books of John Howard, Duke of Norfolk, 1462–71, 1481–3 (Stroud, 1992), pp. 107, 115, 234.).

WORLINGTON 5692 2738. 1334 Subsidy 82.50.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 12 Mar 1258, by K Hen III to William de Valence (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 8).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 28 Jun 1270, by K Hen III to Robert de Scales. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 146). In 1274–5, Robert de Scalis was holding a new market, the day of which was not given (RH, ii, p. 196b).
F (Charter) vfm, Lawrence (10 Aug); gr 12 Mar 1258, by K Hen III to William de Valence (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 8).
F (Charter) vfm+5, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 28 Jun 1270, by K Hen III to Robert de Scales. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 146). In 1274–5, Robert de Scalis was holding a new fair, the feast of which was not given (RH, ii, p. 196b).

WYVERSTONE 6042 2679. 1334 Subsidy 31.69.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 15 Sept 1231, by K Hen III to Robert Houel (CChR, 1226–57, p. 140).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 21 Sept 1272, by K Hen III to Robert Houel (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 184).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1286, mercatum, held by William de Brompton (QW, p. 735).
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Thomas the Martyr (7 Jul); gr 15 Sept 1231, by K Hen III to Robert Houel (CChR, 1226–57, p. 140).
F (Charter) vfm, Edward the King (13 Oct); gr 21 Sept 1272, by K Hen III to Robert Houel (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 184). The date of the fair is assumed to relate to K Edw the Confessor.

Back to Gazetteer Home

Centre for Metropolitan History Home