Gazetteer Home Page

SURREY

[B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [K] [L] [M] [O] [R] [S] [W]

Last updated: 17 November, 2006

Updates/additions since the printed Gazetteer was published in 2003 are given in red

BLETCHINGLY 5328 1508. Borough 1226 (BF, p. 167). 1334 Subsidy 22.50. A castle town and western outpost of Clare family interests south of the Thames, rivalling the Warenne centre at Reigate, Surrey (q.v.). Fair 1587, 2 Nov (Harrison, p. 396). See also VCH Surrey, iv, p. 253 .
M (Prescriptive: borough); recorded 1262-3, when the profits due from shops and stalls at Bletchingly market were noted (VCH Surrey, iv, p. 253). On 14 Jan 1296, an inquest into the property of the recently deceased Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, noted that he had held Bletchingly market. The day of the market was not given (CIPM, iii, p. 371).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 1 Oct 1283, by K Edw I to Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford (CChR, 1257-1300, p. 268). To be held at the manor.

BOOKHAM 5135 1546. 1334 Subsidy 43.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 15 Jun 1243, by K Hen III to Alan, A of Chertsey and the M (Roles Gascons, 1242-54, no. 1013; CPR, 1232-47, p. 380). To be held at the manor. Mandate to sh of Surrey to proclaim the market and cause it to be held.
F (Charter) vf, Michael (29 Sept); gr 15 Jun 1243, by K Hen III to Alan, A of Chertsey and the M (Roles Gascons, 1242-54, no. 1013; CPR, 1232-47, p. 380). To be held at the manor. Mandate to sh of Surrey to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held.

BURSTOW 5312 1412. 1334 Subsidy 77.19.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 28 Aug 1247, by K Hen III to John de Burstowe (CChR, 1226-57, p. 326). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Michael (29 Sept); gr 28 Aug 1247, by K Hen III to John de Burstowe (CChR, 1226-57, p. 326). To be held at the manor.

BYFLEET 5063 1604. Borough 1429 (BF, supplement, p. 63; J.F. Willard and H.C. Johnson, Surrey Taxation Returns, Surrey Record Society, xi (London, 1931), p. 168). 1334 Subsidy 25.55. VCH mentions neither the borough nor the market (VCH Surrey, iii, pp. 399- 402).
M (Prescriptive: borough). No further information for the market.

CARSHALTON 5278 1642. 1334 Subsidy 75.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 14 May 1259, by K Hen III to Gilbert son of William de Colevyle (CChR, 1257-1300, p. 18).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of the Virgin (8 Sept); gr 14 May 1259, by K Hen III to Gilbert son of William de Colevyle (CChR, 1257-1300, p. 18).
On 14 Jul 1245, John de Gatesden was pardoned 24m. for which he had been summoned to the Exchequer for two charters, which he did not have, granting a market in the manors of Carshalton and Broadwater, Sussex (q.v.) (CR, 1242-7, p. 327).

CHERTSEY 5043 1670. 1334 Subsidy 40.22. Probably a place of significance on the Thames by 666 when Erkenwald (later bp of London) founded the abbey, which was refounded before 964. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Charter) Mon; gr 1 Dec 1281, by K Edw I to A and C of Chertsey (CChR, 1257-1300, p. 260). To be held at the manor.
F (Grant: other) Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 1133, by K Hen I to William A of Chertsey (Regesta, ii, no. 1768). The fair is described only as ‘three days at the feast of Peter ad Vincula’. The sh of Surrey was notified that all resorting to the fair were to have the king’s peace and no one was to do them wrong on pain of the king’s forfeiture. The A of Chertsey was to have all the customs and liberties in connection with his fair which belonged to the other barons who had their fairs.
F (Charter) vfm, Exaltation of Holy Cross (14 Sept); gr 18 Sept 1249, by K Hen III to A and C of Chertsey (CChR, 1226-57, p. 344).
F (Charter) vfm, Ascension (Easter dep); gr 1 Dec 1281, by K Edw I to A and C of Chertsey (CChR, 1257-1300, p. 260). To be held at the manor.

CHIDDINGFOLD 4961 1356.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 7 Jun 1300, by K Edw I to S bp of Salisbury (CChR, 1257-1300, p. 483). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 7 Jun 1300, by K Edw I to S bp of Salisbury (CChR, 1257-1300. p 483). To be held at the manor.

CHIPSTEAD 5275 1575. The place-name, meaning 'market-place' and first recorded in spurious charters attributed to 727 and 933, or otherwise in Domesday Book, suggests an early site of trade (P. Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon Charters: an annotated List and Bibliography (London, 1968), nos. 422, 1181; cf J.E.B. Gover, A. Mawer and F.M. Stenton, The Place-Names of Surrey (EPNS, 1934), p. 290.
F (Prescriptive). 1278–9 [7 Edw 1], Gilbert de Clare claimed a fair formerly held by his father, Richard de Clare (d. 1262): PW, p. 740. A fair is mentioned in 1584: VCH Surrey, vol 3, p. 192.

COBHAM 5108 1597. 1334 Subsidy 38.66.
M (Charter) Tues; mercatum, gr 1135x54, by K Steph to A of Chertsey and M (Regesta, iii, no. 172).

CRANLEIGH 5061 1391. See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 87.
M (Grant: other) Tues; mercatum, gr 1202, by K John to Michael de Punninges (PR, 4 John, p. 142).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 26 Sept 1272, by K Hen III to John son of John (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 183). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 26 Sept 1272, by K Hen III to John son of John (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 183). To be held at the manor.

CROYDON 5319 1654. 1334 Subsidy 137.09. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 21 Sept (Harrison, p. 396). See also VCH Surrey, iv, p. 217. Croydon's markets are discussed further in O. Harris, 'The Archbishops' Town: the Making of Medieval Croydon', Proceedings of the Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society (forthcoming, 2005).
M (Prescriptive). There are several references to a market which pre-date the first charter of 1276. The archbp of Canterbury in 1236–7 received stallage fees of 40s at Croydon (Lambeth Palace Library ED 1193). A weekly market appears to have existed by 1241, when the jurors of Wallington hundred reported that the archbp's bailiffs were taking a toll in Croydon market throughout the year, whereas they had previously collected it only between 10 June and 8 July (PRO JUST 1/869, m 4). The market (possibly including a fair) was at farm £8 13s 4d p.a. in 1270–1 and 1273–4 (PRO SC 6/1128/1; BL, Add MS 29794). These arrangements appear to have been clarified by the charter of 1276 and a licence perhaps issued in 1343 (see below).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 10 Dec 1276, by K Edw I to Robert, archbp of Canterbury. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257-1300, p. 202). VCH erroneously records this as a Fri market (VCH Surrey, iv, p. 217).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 17 Apr 1314, by K Edw II to Walter, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1300-26, p. 271). To be held at the manor.
M (Charter?) Sat, supposedly gr 1343, by K Edw III to archbp Stratford of Canterbury (VCH Surrey, iv, p. 217). This supposed charter, whose existence is implied by VCH, is problematical. It is first mentioned in A. Ducarel, Some Account of the Town, Church and Archiepiscopal Palace of Croydon, Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica no 12 (London, 1783; text originally written in 1754), p. 3; and Appendix, p. 60. Ducarel's only cited source is the 1344 commission of oyer and terminer into a case of violent opposition to the collection of tolls at the fair (now CPR, 1343–5, p. 386). This record does not mention a market. The earliest certain reference found to the Saturday market (which may have replaced a market on another day of the week) is dated 1595: BL, Add MS 31853, f. 20v, John Norden, 'A Chorographicall discription of the severall Shires and Islands of Middlesex, Essex, Surrey, Sussex, Hamshire, Weigte, Garnesey & Jarsey'.
F (Charter) vfm+6, Botulph (17 Jun); gr 10 Dec 1276, by K Edw I to Robert, archbp of Canterbury. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 202). There is evidence for extended trading at this season before 1276 (see markets, above). In 1241 it was reported that it had been the practice for the archbp's bailiffs to collect toll in Croydon market only between 10 June and 8 July, whereas they now collected it throughout the year (PRO JUST 1/869, m 4). The grant of the St Botolph Fair, covering 16-24 June, may have been intended to clarify the period of permitted seasonal trading now that a weekly market had been established. This fair may have disappeared or have been reduced in length by the 1340s, when a licence to hold a fair on 24 June appears to have been granted: see below.
F (Charter) vfm, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 17 Apr 1314, by K Edw II to Walter, archbp of Canterbury (CChR, 1300–26, p. 271). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) f, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 1343, by K Edw III to archbp Stratford of Canterbury. According to VCH, this charter is not enrolled (VCH Surrey, iv, p. 217). This supposed charter, whose existence is implied by VCH, is problematical. It is first mentioned in A. Ducarel, Some Account of the Town, Church and Archiepiscopal Palace of Croydon, Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica no 12 (London, 1783; text originally written in 1754), p. 3; and Appendix, p. 60. Ducarel's only cited source is the 1344 commission of oyer and terminer into a case of violent opposition to the collection of tolls at the fair (now CPR, 1343–5, p386). This indicates that a licence for a fair had been issued recently (within the primacy of the present archbp, i.e. since 1333), but does not specify the date of 1343. Even the date of the violence is unclear, but it seems possible that the incident had taken place in a previous year. The licence may have been issued so as to clarify the period(s) of permitted seasonal trading following the disappearance or decay of the fair of St Botolph (see above).

DORKING 5165 1495. 1334 Subsidy 111.34. William de Warenne, earl of Surrey, died in 1240 and was succeeded by his son John (GEC, xii, pt i, pp. 500–7). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). See also VCH Surrey, iii, pp. 141, 142.
M (Prescriptive) recorded 1240, mercatum, held by W. earl Warenne. In 1241, an enquiry was held into the market in the time of W. earl Warenne (CRR, xvi, no. 1630). This market may have been one of the two prescriptive markets, held on Mon and Thurs, recorded in 1278, or may have been a reference to both of them.
M (Prescriptive) Mon; recorded 1278, mercatum, held by John de Warenne, earl of Surrey (QW, p. 745). The earl successfully claimed to hold a Mon market from time out of mind.
M (Prescriptive) Thurs, recorded 1278, mercatum, held by John de Warenne, earl of Surrey (QW, p. 745). The earl successfully claimed to hold a Thurs market from time out of mind.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Ascension (Easter dep); nundinae recorded 1278, held by John de Warenne, earl of Surrey (QW, p. 745).

EASHING 4945 1438. Borough early tenth century noted in the Burghal Hidage (Defence, p. 200). Eashing later became a hamlet of Godalming, Surrey. VCH does not provide any evidence that there was a market here subsequently (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 27).
M (Prescriptive: borough). No further information for the market.

FARNHAM 4842 1468. Borough 1208-9 (BF, p. 168). 1334 Subsidy 87.20. See also Newtown (Isle of Wight), Hampshire (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 10 Aug (Harrison, p. 395). See also VCH Surrey, ii, pp. 585, 587.
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 15 Dec 1215, mercatum, held by P. bp of Winchester, when a mandate was sent to the sh of Surrey that the day of the market was to be changed to Thurs. The market was held at the manor (RLC, i, p. 242). It is likely that the original day of the market was Sun.
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 14 Apr 1233, by K Hen III to P[eter] bp of Winchester (CChR, 1226-57, p. 177). Mandate to the sh of Surrey to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held, 21 Apr 1233 (CR, 1231-4, p. 210). Fair recorded in the thirteenth and seventeenth centuries, when according to VCH it was held on All Souls (2 Nov) (VCH Surrey, ii, p. 587).

GATTON 5276 1529. Borough 1450 (BF, p. 168). 1334 Subsidy 30.08. Although assessed at the higher tax rate, as a town, from 1332, Gatton was not described as a borough until 1450. Its status as a borough may have been due to its representation in Parliament, rather than economic development. Gatton is recorded as a market town by VCH, but no date is given (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 196; VCH Surrey, iv, p. 427). See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 196.
M (Prescriptive: borough). No further information for the market.

GODALMING 4968 1440. 1334 Subsidy 247.42. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Eashing, Surrey (q.v.) was a hamlet of Godalming. See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 30.
M (Charter) Mon; gr 7 Jun 1300, by K Edw I to S bp of Salisbury (CChR, 1257-1300, p. 483). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter and Paul (29 Jun); gr 7 Jun 1300, by K Edw I to S bp of Salisbury (CChR, 1257-1300, p. 483). To be held at the manor.

GODSTONE 5354 1524. 1334 Subsidy 92. Godstone was known as Walkhampstead during the Middle Ages (VCH Surrey, iv, p. 286). See also VCH Surrey, iv, p. 287.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 4 Jan 1251, by K Hen III to Roger de Sancto Johanne (CChR, 1226-57, p. 350). VCH indicates that the market functioned, but does not give dates (VCH Surrey, iv, p. 287).
F (Charter) vfm, Nicholas (6 Dec); gr 4 Jan 1251, by K Hen III to Roger de Sancto Johanne (CChR, 1226-57, p. 350). VCH indicates that the fair functioned, but does not give dates (VCH Surrey, iv, p. 287).

GOMSHALL 5087 1478. 1334 Subsidy 125. The moiety of Gomshall was granted to Netley Abbey in the thirteenth century and remained amongst its holdings until the dissolution of the abbey in the sixteenth century (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 115).
M (Prescriptive) recorded 8 May 1382, held by A and M of St Edward now called Lettele (Netley Abbey). The abbey was to have its markets and the markets of its men at Gomshall and at other places, implying that there was at least one market at Gomshall (CCR, 1381-5, p. 58). For the other places, see Ashley and Friar Waddon, Dorset; East Wellow, Hound, Netley and Totton, Hampshire; North Leigh, Oxfordshire; and Kingston Deverill and Latton, Wiltshire (q.v.). The entry for Gomshall in VCH does not mention a market (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 115).

GUILDFORD 4996 1496. Borough 1130-31 (BF, p. 168). Mint 970-1100. 1334 Subsidy 151.40. From the tenth century a significant urban centre on the road between London, Winchester and Southampton. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 23 Apr; 13 Nov (Harrison, pp. 393, 396). See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 562.
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1276 (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 562).
F (Charter) vfm, All Saints (1 Nov); gr 30 Sept 1227, by K Hen III to ch of St Mary, Guildford and Henry the vicar (CChR, 1226-57, p. 61). To be held at the ch.
F (Letter Close) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); feria gr 17 Sept 1251, by K Hen III (CR, 1247-51, pp. 503-4). To be held in the kings town.
F (Grant: other) vfm+2, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 1327x46, by K Edw III to men of Guildford. On 16 Jul 1346, the charter was said to have been granted recently by the king. VCH dates it to 1340. On 16 Jul 1346, K Edw III granted the men of Guildford a fair on Mon next after Whitsunday+4 (Easter dep) in lieu. The fair date was changed as the men of Guildford complained that other neighbouring fairs were held at Holy Trinity (CChR, 1341- 1417, p. 52; VCH Surrey, iii, p. 562).

HASLEMERE 4893 1329. Borough 1230 (BF, p. 167). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 29 Apr 1221, mercatum, held by Edeline del Broc (RLC, i, p. 455). R bp of Salisbury was to have seisin of the market with the manor and hundred of Godalming, formerly held by Edeline del Broc.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 18 Feb 1394, by K Ric II to John, bp of Salisbury (CChR, 1341-1417, p. 343). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vf+3, Exaltation of the Cross (14 Sept); gr 18 Feb 1393, by K Ric II to John, bp of Salisbury (CChR, 1341-1417, p. 343). To be held at the town.

KINGSTON UPON THAMES 5179 1693. Borough 1241 (BF, p. 167). 1334 Subsidy 211.04. A significant royal centre from the ninth century. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 2 Nov (Harrison, p. 396).
M (Prescriptive: borough) recorded 1242, mercatum. In 1242, the bailiffs of Kingston upon Thames were accused of taking customs and dues from the men of the bp of London when they came to Kingston market (Abb Plac, p. 120). This case is also noted in the following year (CRR, xvii, no. 205).

LAMBETH 5307 1790. 1334 Subsidy 38.37. The markets and fairs were probably associated with Archbp Hubert Walters plans to enlarge his residence at Lambeth and establish a new collegiate ch there. The value for the 1334 lay subsidy relates to Lambeth and Lambeth Dean (Glasscock, p. 302).
M (Charter) mercatum, gr between 10 and 12 Oct 1199, by K John to Hubert Walter, archbp of Canterbury (RCh, p. 27). The day of the market was not given.
F (Charter) fifteen days in the month of May, nundinae gr between 10 and 12 Oct 1199, by K John to Hubert Walter, archbp of Canterbury (RCh, p. 27). The feast of the fair was not given.
F (Charter) m+15, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 24 Jan 1200, by K John to Hubert Walter, archbp of Canterbury (RCh, p. 35b). The grant was made saving the liberties of the citizens of London.

LEATHERHEAD 5167 1562. 1334 Subsidy 143.69. The manor was held by the Crown from the late eleventh century until the late thirteenth century. It had passed to Piers Gaveston by 1307 and was granted by him to Robert Darcy by 1309. (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 295). See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 295.
M (Letter Close) Fri; mercatum, gr 24 Apr 1248, by K Hen III. Mandate to sh of Surrey to proclaim the market and cause it to be held (CR, 1247-51, p. 40). On 21 Jul 1331, K Edw III granted a Fri market to Robert Darcy, to be held in the town (CChR, 1327-41, p. 226).
F (Letter Close) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); feria gr 24 Apr 1248, by K Hen III (CR, 1247-51, p. 40). Mandate to sh of Surrey to proclaim the fair and cause it to be held.
F (Charter) f, Peter ad Vincula (1 Aug); gr 21 Jul 1331, by K Edw III to Robert Darcy (CChR, 1327-41, p. 226). To be held at the town.

MERSTHAM 5292 1527.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 2 Jun 1338, by K Edw III to P and C of Christchurch Canterbury (CChR, 1327-41, p. 445). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) vfm, Botolph (17 Jun); gr 2 Jun 1338, by K Edw III to P and C of Christchurch Canterbury (CChR, 1327-41, p. 445). To be held at the town.

OCKLEY 5157 1407. 1334 Subsidy 57.59.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 24 Sept 1302, by K Edw I to Nicholas Malemeyns, kings yeoman (CChR, 1300-26, p. 27). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vf, Margaret (20 Jul); gr 24 Sept 1302, by K Edw I to Nicholas Malemeyns, king’s yeoman (CChR, 1300-26, p. 27). To be held at the manor.

REIGATE 5256 1509. Borough 1164x1202 (BF, p. 169). 1334 Subsidy 40.32. Borough established by the earls of Surrey. See also Bletchingly, Surrey (q.v.). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, Mon in Whit week (Harrison, p. 394).
M (Prescriptive: borough) Sat; recorded 1278, mercatum, held by John de Warenna, earl of Surrey (QW, p. 745). The earl’s claim to the market was successful.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 24 Jul 1312, by K Edw II to John de Warenna, earl of Surrey (CChR, 1300-26, p. 194). To be held at the manor.
F (Prescriptive) Tues in Pentecost week (Easter dep); feria recorded 1278, held by John de Warenna, earl of Surrey (QW, p. 745). The earl’s claim to hold the fair was successful.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Lawrence (10 Aug); feria recorded 1278, held by John de Warenna, earl of Surrey (QW, p. 745). The earl’s claim to hold the fair was successful.
F (Prescriptive) vf, Exaltation of the Holy Cross (14 Sept); feria recorded 1278, held by John de Warenna, earl of Surrey (QW, p. 745). The earl’s claim to hold the fair was successful.

RIPLEY 5052 1567. In 1278-9, the P of Novo Loco [Newark] claimed a market at Ripley by a charter of K Hen III. This claim was dismissed by an investigating panel of knights (QW, p. 747). See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 366.
F (Letter Close) vf, Mary Magdalene (22 Jul); feria gr 7 May 1220, by K Hen III to P of Novo Loco. To be held until the king came of age (RLC, i, p. 413). On 7 Mar 1220, the P of Novo Loco gave a palfrey for the fair (C 60/12 m.6). 1220, Nova Oblata: P of Novo Loco owed one palfrey for the fair (PR, 4 Hen III, p. 44; PR, 5 Hen III, p. 214). In 1278-9, it was stated that the fair was only held on the f of Mary Magdalene (QW, p. 747).

ST ANN’S HILL 5026 1677. In the parish of Chertsey.
F (Charter) vfm, Anne (26 Jul); gr 24 May 1440, by K Hen VI to John, A of Chertsey (CChR, 1427-1516, p. 8). To be held at the hill of St Anne the mother of Mary the mother of God, otherwise called Eldebury Hill.

ST CATHERINE’S HILL 4994 1478. The grid references refer to Artington, near to St Catherine’s Hill. Fair 1587, 21 Sept (Harrison, p. 396). See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 9.
F (Charter) vf+3, Matthew (21 Sept); gr 4 Nov 1308, by K Edw II to master Richard Wauncey, parson of the ch of St Nicholas, Guildford. To be held at the chapel of St Katharine on the Hill, called Drake Hill by Guildford, in the parish of the said ch (CChR, 1300-26, p. 121). Fair was functioning in 1377, 1453, 1546, 1653 and into the eighteenth century. It became more important than the fair at Shalford, Surrey (q.v.) (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 9; VCH Surrey, iv, p. 427).

SHALFORD 5002 1472. 1334 Subsidy 103.19. See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 110.
F (Grant: other) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 1199x1216, by K John to John de Guildford, parson of Shalford (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 110). In 1287, the fair was said to have been granted by K John to be held in the ch yard of Shalford (erroneously recorded as ‘Stratford’) subsequently being moved outside on account of the growth of population (CIM, 1219-1307, no. 1409). This was one of the most important fairs in the county, but was subsequently eclipsed by the fair at St Catherine’s Hill, Surrey (q.v.) (VCH Surrey, iv, p. 427).

SHERE 5075 1478. 1334 Subsidy 80.75. See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 115.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Edmund le Butiller (CChR, 1300-26, p. 133). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 12 Dec 1309, by K Edw II to Edmund le Butiller (CChR, 1300-26, p. 133). To be held at the manor.

SOUTHWARK 5325 1803. Borough early tenth century (Defence, pp. 218-19). Mint 979- 1154. 1334 Subsidy 171.49. Roman site. The burh noted in the Burghal Hidage was probably the southern bridgehead settlement opposite London (Defence, pp. 218-19; M. Carlin, Medieval Southwark (London, 1996), pp. 8-12, 123-6, 186, 201-2). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 475). Fair 1587, 8 Sept (Harrison, p. 395). See also VCH Surrey, iv, pp. 139-40 .
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1258 (VCH Surrey, iv, p. 140). By the 1270s this market at St Thomas’s Hospital was one of two markets in Southwark. Both may have developed out of the twelfth century corn market at the hospital, which was then situated within the precinct of Southwark priory, near London Bridge. After 1212, the hospital moved and the market associated with it was established at its new gate at Trenet Lane, within the manor of the archbp of Canterbury. It was recorded in 1295 and 1387 and was held on three days each week: Wed, Fri and Sat. The market declined in the late fifteenth century due to the competition from the Guildable manor market; in 1504 it was said to have been discontinued, but it was operating in 1522 (M. Carlin, Medieval Southwark (London, 1996), p. 201). In 1275, certain tolls in an unspecified number of markets in the borough of Southwark were due to the earl of Surrey (CPR, 1272- 81, p. 173). In 1550, K Edw VI granted the City of London the liberty of holding markets in Southwark on Mon, Wed, Fri and Sat (VCH Surrey, iv, pp. 140).
M (Prescriptive: borough, mint) recorded 1270s (M. Carlin, Medieval Southwark (London, 1996), p. 201). This second market in Southwark is evidenced from the 1270s. Like the other market, it may have developed out of the twelfth century corn market. It was attached to the Guildable manor and was situated on the High Street. The market days were Wed and Fri; in 1550, the market was extended to include Mon and Sat.
F (Prescriptive) recorded 1275 (CPR, 1272- 81, p. 173). In 1275, certain tolls in an unspecified number of fairs in the borough of Southwark, were due to the earl of Surrey.
F (Charter) 7, 8 and 9 Sept; gr 26 Oct 1444, by K Hen VI to the citizens of London (CChR, 1427-1516, p. 44). The fair was granted to the mayor, commonalty and citizens of Southwark by K Edw IV on 9 Nov 1462 (CChR, 1427-1516, p. 190).

WALTON ON THAMES 5102 1665. 1334 Subsidy 105. See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 468.
F (Charter) 1+Wed in Easter week (Easter dep); gr 14 Aug 1516, by K Hen VIII to Robert Nortriche and William Fleyter, constables of the town and lordship of Walton on Thames (CChR, 1427- 1516, p. 283). Fair in Easter week recorded in 1601 (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 468).
F (Charter) 1+ 4 Oct, gr 14 Aug 1516, by K Hen VIII to Robert Nortriche and William Fleyter, constables of the town and lordship of Walton on Thames (CChR, 1427-1516, p. 283).

WALTON ON THE HILL 5223 1551. 1334 Subsidy 52.34.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 2 Feb 1335, by K Edw III to John de Warenna, earl of Surrey and John de Brewosa and his heirs (CChR, 1327-41, p. 319). The manor to pass to John de Brewosa after the death of John, earl of Surrey.
F (Charter) vfm, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 2 Feb 1333, by K Edw III to John de Warenna, earl of Surrey for life and afterwards to John de Brewosa and his heirs. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1327-41, p. 292). Granted again to John de Warrena, earl of Surrey and John de Brewosa and his heirs, on 2 Feb 1335 (CChR, 1327-41, p. 319).
F (Charter) Mon, Tues and Wed in Whit week (Easter dep); gr 2 Feb 1333, by K Edw III to John de Warenna, earl of Surrey for life and afterwards to John de Brewosa and his heirs (CChR, 1327-41, p. 292). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Assumption (15 Aug); gr 2 Feb 1335, by K Edw III to John de Warenna, earl of Surrey and John de Brewosa and his heirs (CChR, 1327-41, p. 319). The manor was to pass to John de Brewosa after the death of John, earl of Surrey.

WANBOROUGH 4934 1489. 1334 Subsidy 2.19. See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 374.
F (Charter) 23 Aug +2, gr 4 Jan 1512, by K Hen VIII to William, A of St Mary of Waverley of the order of Citeaux and the C (CChR, 1427-1516, p. 276). To be held in a place commonly called ‘the Graunge’.

WEST HORSLEY 5077 1528. 1334 Subsidy £44.70.
M (Prescriptive) mercatum recorded 1278–9, held by Ralph de Berners. Ralph claimed the market by a charter of K Hen III. A jury stated that the market was not used because no one came there to do business (QW, p. 742).
F (Prescriptive) feria recorded 1278–9, held by Ralph de Berners. Ralph claimed the fair by a charter of K Hen III. A jury stated that the fair was not used because no one came there to do business (QW, p. 742).

WEYBRIDGE 5072 1648. 1334 Subsidy 25.05.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 11 Jun 1239, by K Hen III to Geoffrey de Lucy (CChR, 1226-57, p. 244). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Trans of Nicholas (9 May); gr 11 Jun 1239, by K Hen III to Geoffrey de Lucy (CChR, 1226-57, p. 244). To be held at the manor.

WITLEY 4947 1397. 1334 Subsidy 158.27. In 1268, Qu Eleanor of Provence (d. 1291) received Witley. Together with K Hen III, she then granted the manor to Prince Edward (later K Edw I), who surrendered it to his mother for life. In 1275, Qu Eleanor gave the manor to her steward, Guy de Ferre; he quitclaimed it back to her c.1279. Qu Eleanor was holding the manor in 1283 (VCH Surrey, iii, p. 63). See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 63.
M (Letter Close) Fri; gr 30 April 1283, by K Edw I to Qu Eleanor, the king’s mother (CCR, 1279-88, p. 207). To be held at the manor. Mandate to the sh of Surrey to proclaim the market and cause it to be held.

WOKING 5006 1589. 1334 Subsidy 160.19. The 1334 value is for Old Woking (Glasscock, p. 299). See also VCH Surrey, iii, p. 383.
F (Charter) Tues after Whitsunday (Easter dep); gr 20 May 1452, by K Hen VI to Edmund, duke of Somerset (CChR, 1427-1516, p. 115).

WOTTON 5126 1480. 1334 Subsidy 31.70.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 18 Jul 1302, by K Edw I to William le Latimer, the elder (CChR, 1300-26, p. 26). To be held at the manor.

Back to Gazetteer Home

Centre for Metropolitan History Home