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Last updated: 23 February, 2005

APPLEBY 3683 5204. Borough 1179 (BF, p. 176). 1336 Subsidy 28.55. Norman castle. Borough founded by the baron of Westmorland (A.J.L. Winchester, Landscape and Society in Medieval Cumbria (Edinburgh, 1987), p. 126). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, Mon in Whit week (Harrison, p. 394). The fair recorded by Harrison was apparently not medieval.
M (Prescriptive: borough) No further information for the market.

BEETHAM 3496 4795. 1336 Subsidy 18.75.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 28 Oct 1310, by K Edw II to Thomas de Bethum (CChR, 1300–26, p. 167). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of John the Baptist (24 Jun); gr 28 Oct 1310, by K Edw II to Thomas de Bethum (CChR, 1300–26, p. 167). To be held at the manor.

BROUGH 3794 5146. Borough 1196 (BF, p. 176). 1336 Subsidy 60. Previously known as Brough under Stainmoor and Market Brough. Roman fort. The medieval market may have developed at Church Brough, when K Wil II built a castle there in 1092. By the late twelfth century, a new settlement is evident half a mile away, where a borough was established and a market and fair granted. Although it is often difficult to distinguish between the two settlements, it appears that the new developed at the expense of the old (Guide, ii, p. 461; A.H. Smith, The Place-Names of Westmorland (London, 1967), ii, pp. 63–5; Beresford, p. 503). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Grant: other) Sun; mercatum, gr 1201, by K John to men of ‘Burgo’ (PR, 3 John, p. 257). Nova Oblata: they paid 20m. plus 5m. for a palfrey, for having the market and the fair (see below).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 2 Aug 1330, by K Edw III to Roger de Clifford. To be held at Burgh under Staynmore, co. Westmorland (CChR, 1327–41, p. 186).
F (Grant: other) vf, John the Baptist (24 Jun); feria gr 1201, by K John to men of ‘Burgo’ (PR, 3 John, p. 257). Nova Oblata: they paid 20m. plus 5m. for a palfrey, for having the fair and the market (see above).
F (Charter) 2+f+1, Matthew the Apostle (21 Sept); gr 2 Aug 1330, by K Edw III to Roger de Clifford. To be held at Burgh under Staynmore, co. Westmorland (CChR, 1327–41, p. 186).

BURTON-IN-KENDAL 3531 4769. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Prescriptive); recorded 1398, held by inhabitants of the town of Burton in Kendal. Robert Pell, rector of Burton in Kendal (‘Byriton’) claimed that the inhabitants of the town seized against his will a certain place within the walls of the cemetary, to use for a public market. The place belonged to the vicar and to the ch (W.H. Bliss and J.A. Twemlow eds., Calendar of Papal Registers, v (London, 1904), p. 89).

HEVERSHAM 3497 4834. 1336 Subsidy 30.
M (Charter) Wed; gr 5 Aug 1334, by K Edw III to Alexander de Wyndesore, lord of two parts of the town of Heversham and his heirs and the king’s clerk, John de Wodehouse, parson of the ch there and lord of the third part of the same (CChR, 1327–41, p. 312).
F (Charter) vf, Peter and Paul the Apostles (29 Jun); gr 5 Aug 1334, by K Edw III to Alexander de Wyndesore, lord of two parts of the town of Heversham and his heirs and the king’s clerk, John de Wodehouse, parson of the ch there and lord of the third part of the same (CChR, 1327–41, p. 312).

KENDAL 3520 4930. Borough 1222x46 (BF, p. 176). 1336 Subsidy 35.88. Also known as Kirkby in Kendal, or Kirkby Kendal, until the eighteenth century (A.H. Smith, The Place-Names of Westmorland (Cambridge, 1967), p. 115). Peter de Brus was succeeded by his daughter, Margaret. By 1292, she had married Robert de Ros (QW, p. 788). Margaret died by 1307, by which time she had enfeoffed part of Kendal to William de Ros, her son and to Marmaduke de Thweng (CIPM, iv, no. 427). Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468). Fair 1587, Mon before Lady day in Lent, Trinity Sun (Harrison, pp. 393–4).
M (Charter) Sat; gr 1189, by K Ric I. Britnell cites an antiquarian source which states that K Ric I granted a Sat market by charter in 1189 (R.H. Britnell, ‘Boroughs, markets and trade in northern England, 1000–1216’ in R.H. Britnell, R.H. Hatcher eds., Progress and Problems in Medieval England (Cambridge, 1996), p. 65). On 28 Aug 1309, K Edw II granted a Sat market to Marmaduke de Tweng and William de Ros of Kendale, to be held at the manor (CChR, 1300–26, p. 130).
F (Charter) vfm, Holy Trinity (Easter dep); gr 21 Sept 1268, by K Hen III to Peter de Brus. To be held at the manor (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 112). On 28 Aug 1309, K Edw II granted the fair to Marmaduke de Tweng and William de Ros, heirs of Peter de Brus (CChR, 1300–26, p. 130).
F (Charter) vfm, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 28 Jan 1333, by K Edw III to Cristiana, late the wife of Ingelram de Gynes and her heirs (CChR, 1327–41, p. 298). To be held at the manor of Kyrkeby in Kendale, Westmorland.

KIRKBY LONSDALE 3611 4788. Borough (Beresford, unpublished list). 1336 Subsidy 30. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Charter) Thurs; gr 20 Sept 1227, by K Hen III to John de Kereby, parson of the ch of Kirkby Londsdale (CChR, 1226–57, p. 60). Order to the sh of Westmorland to cause him to have the market, 20 Sept 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 201).
F (Charter) vfm, Nativity of Mary (8 Sept); gr 20 Sept 1227, by K Hen III to John de Kereby, parson of the ch of Kirkby Londsdale. To be held on the land of the ch (CChR, 1226–57, p. 60). Order to the sh of Westmorland to cause him to have the fair, 20 Sept 1227 (RLC, ii, p. 201).

KIRKBY STEPHEN 3775 5088. Borough (Beresford, unpublished list). 1336 Subsidy 50. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Charter) Fri; gr 16 Oct 1353, by K Edw III to Roger de Clifford (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 139). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) 2+f, Mark the Evangelist (25 Apr); gr 16 Oct 1353, by K Edw III to Roger de Clifford (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 139). To be held at the town.
F (Charter) 2+f, Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct); gr 16 Oct 1353, by K Edw III to Roger de Clifford (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 139). To be held at the town.

MORLAND 3598 5225. 1336 Subsidy 30.
M (Charter) Sat; gr 15 May 1362, by K Edw III to William de Wyndesore (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 170). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Peter’s Chains (1 Aug); gr 15 May 1362, by K Edw III to William de Wyndesore (CChR, 1341–1417, p. 170). To be held at the manor.

ORTON 3622 5083. 1336 Subsidy 85. Market town c.1600 (Everitt, p. 468).
M (Charter) Wed; gr 14 Jan 1278, by K Edw I to Ranulph de Dacre and his heirs and Thomas de Musegrave and his heirs (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 206). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Simon and Jude (28 Oct); gr 14 Jan 1278, by K Edw I to Ranulph de Dacre and his heirs and Thomas de Musegrave and his heirs (CChR, 1257–1300, p. 206). To be held at the manor.

POOLEY BRIDGE 3472 5241. Borough (Beresford, unpublished list). In the 1336 Lay Subsidy, Barton and its hamlets, presumably including Pooley Bridge, were valued at 180 (Glasscock, p. 329). In 1589, nine burgesses were noted (A.J.L. Winchester, Landscape and Society in Medieval Cumbria (Edinburgh, 1987), p. 122).
M (Charter) Thurs; mercatum, gr 22 Sept 1214, by K John to William de Lanc’. To be held at the manor of Barton (RCh, p. 201). 1214, Nova Oblata: William de Lancastr’ owed a sore sparrowhawk for having a market and fair (see below) in his vill of Barton, Yorkshire and for a royal charter (PR, 16 John, p. 94). The inclusion of this entry under Yorkshire in the pipe roll appears to be an error. Order to the sh of Westmorland to cause him to have it, 17 Oct 1215 (RLC, i, p. 173). In 1224, William de Lanc’ stated that he held a Thurs market at his manor of Barton, Westmorland, by charter of K John. He alleged that the men of the county were impeded from going to his market by Robert de Vieuxpont, earl of Westmorland (CRR, xi, no. 2732). In 1292, John de Lanc’ claimed the right to hold a market at Pooley Bridge, a member of the manor of Barton, through the 1214 charter granted to William de Lanc’, but his claim was refused as he could not show that he was related to William. The market was stated to be worth nothing per annum (QW, p. 792).
F (Charter) f, All Saints (1 Nov); feria gr 22 Sept 1214, by K John to William de Lanc’. To be held at the manor of Barton (RCh, p. 201). 1214, Nova Oblata: William de Lancastr’ owed a sore sparrowhawk for having a fair and market (see above) in his vill of Barton, Yorkshire and for a royal charter (PR, 16 John, p. 94). The inclusion of this entry under Yorkshire in the pipe roll appears to be an error. On 17 Oct 1215, the sh of Westmorland was ordered to make him have it. ‘Afterwards’ the king conceded to William a fair for two days (RLC, p. i, 173). In 1224, William de Lanc’ stated that he held a fair on vf All Saints at his manor of Barton, Westmorland, by charter of K John. He alleged that the men of the county were impeded from going to his fair by Robert de Vieuxpont, earl of Westmorland (CRR, xi, no. 2732). In 1292, John de Lanc’ claimed the right to hold a fair at Pooley Bridge, a member of the manor of Barton, through the 1214 charter granted to William de Lanc’, but his claim was refused as he could not show that he was related to William. The fair was stated to be worth nothing per annum (QW, p. 792).

STAVELEY 3469 4986.
M (Charter) Fri; gr 22 Feb 1335, by K Edw III to William de Twenge (CChR, 1327–41, p. 322). To be held at the manor.
F (Charter) vfm, Luke (18 Oct); gr 22 Feb 1335, by K Edw III to William de Twenge (CChR, 1327–41, p. 322). To be held at the manor.

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