History seminars at the IHR
History of Education
Convenors: Gary McCulloch (Institute of Education, University of London),
Dr Georgina Brewis (Institute of Education, University of London)
For enquiries relating to this seminar please contact Gary McCulloch: G.McCulloch@ioe.ac.uk
Venue: Mainly Bedford Room, G37, South Block, ground floor. Otherwise, as stated in the programme, below.
Time: Thursdays, 5.30pm
Circular 10/65, comprehensive education, and the hidden legacy of the 1944 Education Act
Professor Gary McCulloch (Institute of Education, University of London)
The Education Act of 1944 is well recognised for the direct and immediate contributions that it made to the development of a national education system. Seventy years on, it is possible to appreciate more fully its indirect and delayed effects, and what might be called its hidden legacies. One of these was the introduction of comprehensive education as a national policy under Circular 10/65. This paper will trace the connections between the 1944 Act and Circular 10/65. In particular, it will analyse the key mediating role of Michael Stewart, the Labour Party education policy review of 1957-1958, and the 1958 report Learning to Live that arose from this. These formed part of the party’s revisionist approach under Hugh Gaitskell and helped to provide the basis for Labour’s policy on comprehensive education when it returned to power in 1964.
Please note: the seminar will be held in the Institute of Education, Committee Room 1
'Joseph Mazzini': Learning and Living his 'Mission' in Victorian England
Marcella Pellegrino Sutcliffe (University of Cambridge)
The aim of this paper is to focus on the networks and reading circles which facilitated the circulation of Giuseppe Mazzini’s ideas amongst English working-class readers. As an exile in London Mazzini was a prolific writer. Where did common readers encounter his writings and how were they received? What opportunities did self-improving adult learners have to discuss the exile’s vision for the future global order, humanity, and the harmonious co-existence of classes and nations? The first part of the paper will focus on Mazzini’s provincial remit, concentrating on the regions where Chartists’ debates, republican 'families' and co-operative experiments were most common: the industrial northern regions, the North-East, Yorkshire and Lancashire, as well as pockets of radicalism further South, particularly in Cheltenham. The sccond part of the paper will analyse Mazzini's long legacy wthin the adult education movement by considering the case-study of Toynbee Hall in East London.
Venue: Bedford Room, G37, South Block, ground floor
Angela Bartie (University of Edinburgh), Linda Fleming (University of Glasgow), Mark Freeman (Institute of Education), Tom Hulme (King's College London), Paul Readman (KCL) and Charlotte Tupman (KCL)
Edwardian Britain suffered from a severe bout of what contemporaries referred to as 'pageant fever'. Up and down the country, communities small and large staged theatrical re-presentations of incidents in their and the nation's past. Many historians have commented on this Edwardian enthusiasm, and specifically on the tendency to shy away from depicting more recent events in historical pageants. Fewer, however, have noted the continuing vitality of the pageant movement as a key element in cultures of informal education and the theatrical history of the interwar period, and indeed into the 1950s. In this paper we examine how pageants after the First World War depicted the events of the conflict. Although most pageants still focused on the distant past, the war was almost a reference point, and sometimes the subject of an actual scene. We consider the evolution of depictions of the war, and the various ways in which it was considered appropriate and suitable to commemorate the events of the conflict in dramatic form. Pageants were an important and often overlooked way of conveying messages of victory, sacrifice and regret, and as such can be seen as a central feature of memorialisation and popular education during the interwar period.
Venue: Athlone Room, 102, South Block, first floor