The Greek Wars

The Failure of Persia
Cawkwell, George
Date published: 
May 2005

The Greek Wars deals with the whole course of Persian relations with Greek states from the coming of Cyrus in the mid sixth century BC down to the defeat of Darius by Alexander the Great at the battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC. Cawkwell discusses from a Persian perspective major questions such as why Xerxes' invasion of Greece failed, and how important a part the Great King played in Greek affairs in the fourth century; he challenges received opinion at many points.