Peace Now!

American Society and the Ending of the Vietnam War
Author(s): 
Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri
ISBN: 
0300078110
Date published: 
October 1999
Hardback
Price: 
£16.95
Pages: 
320

How did the protests and support of ordinary American citizens affect their country's participation in the Vietnam War? This engrossing book focuses on four social groups that achieved political prominence in the 1960s and early 1970s - students, African Americans, women, and the unions - and investigates the impact of each on American foreign policy during the war.

Drawing on oral histories, personal interviews, and a broad range of archival sources, Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones narrates and compares the activities of these groups. He shows that all of them gave the war solid support at its outset and offers a new perspective on this, arguing that these 'outsider' social groups were tempted to conform with foreign policy goals as a means to social and political acceptance. But in due course students, African Americans, and then women turned away from temptation and mounted spectacular revolts against the war, with a cumulative effect that sapped the resistance of governement policymakers. The unions, however, supported the war until almost the end. Jeffreys-Jones shows that this gave President Nixon his opportunity to speak of the 'great silent majority' of American citizens who were in favour of the war. Because unions continued to be receptive to overtures from the White House, peace did not come quickly.