The KGB File of Andrei Sakharov

Annals of Communism series
Rubenstein, Joshua
Gribanov, Alexander
Date published: 
July 2005

Andrei Sakharov (1921–1989), a brilliant physicist and the principal designer of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, later became a human rights activist and, as a result, a source of profound irritation to the Kremlin. This book publishes for the first time ever KGB files on Sakharov that became available during Boris Yeltsin’s presidency. The documents reveal the untold story of KGB surveillance of Sakharov from 1968 until his death in 1989 and of the regime’s efforts to intimidate and silence him. The disturbing archival materials show the KGB to have a profound lack of understanding of the spiritual and moral nature of the human rights movement and of Sakharov’s role as one of its leading figures.

Joshua Rubenstein is northeast regional director of Amnesty International USA.

Alexander Gribanov is a literary scholar and archivist.

Annals of Communism