The last two centuries have been the scene of dramatic change throughout Europe. And one of the main causes of these tremendous and spectacular changes was the economy. These transformations were achieved by people: scientists and political thinkers, inventors and entrepreneurs, educators, skilled and educated workers, who not only invented machines and computers but were able to renew economic and political systems. Case Studies on Modern European Economy presents a new approach to the period by looking at case studies to understand how these changes came about and the impact they had on modern Europe. Essential reading for students of economic and modern European history.