The Indian papers of Brigadier-General John Carnac (1716-1800) at the National Library of Wales

Robenalt, James David
Date published: 
November 2007

John Carnac joined the army of the East India Company with the rank of Captain in 1758, after seeing service with the 39th infantry regiment. Between 1760 and 1761, as Commander-in-Chief, he fought and ultimately defeated the French supported forces of the Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II, near Bihar. Made Brigadier-General in 1764, Carnac again assumed the command of the EIC's army, defeating the Marathas in 1765 before handing control back later that year to Robert Clive. From 1776-1779 he was Member of Council, Bombay and a member of the Superintending Committee on the expedition against Poona in 1778. He was dismissed from the East India Company for his share in the Treaty of Wadgaon in 1779, under the terms of which the EIC relinquished control over all lands gained during the four previous years. Despite this Carnac remained in India until his death at Mangalore in November 1800. The bulk of the present collection, now held at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, comprises some 2,000 items of correspondence from the 1760s, relating chiefly to the period between 1763 and 1766, and includes a small number of letters in Persian.