This section of History in Focus presents an overview of some
of the archival and library resources available on the Holocaust.
The listings below mainly cover the collections held in the UK,
although a few key international collections are also included.
Archives in the United Kingdom
British Library oral history archives: Jewish
Held in the British Library oral history archives are several collections
of testimonies and interviews concerning the Jewish experience of
the Holocaust. There are three collections of audio and video interviews
with Holocaust survivors, the 'Testimony recording project', 'Living
memory of the Jewish community' – taken from the 'National
life story collection' – and 'Holocaust Survivors Centre interviews'.
In addition, there is also the 'Central British Fund Kindertransport
interviews', which looks particularly at the efforts to help Jewish
children escape Nazi Germany.
Opening hours: Available by appointment
Telephone: 020 7412 7405
Address: The British Library,
96 Euston Rd,
Centre for German-Jewish Studies: the Arnold Daghani collection
The Centre for German-Jewish Studies is based at the University
of Sussex. It is an established institution for the study of the
history and culture of Central European Jews, and amongst its projects
are studies into the Holocaust and its effects on post-war history.
The Centre has two main archival collections, one of which is the
Arnold Daghani collection. This is an archive of some 6,000 drawings,
paintings and writings by Arnold Daghani, a German Jew interned
in Mikhailowka, a slave labour camp, during the Second Word War.
Imperial War Museum collections
The Imperial War Museum collections are extensive, covering many
aspects of twentieth century conflicts. The archives at the museum
are split into seven separate curatorial sections: documents, art,
exhibits and firearms, film and video, sound, photographs and printed
books. Within these collections is a substantial amount of primary
source material relating to the Holocaust. Many items from the collections
can be searched in the online catalogue.
The National Archives
The National Archives holds a considerable number of documents concerning
most aspects of the Holocaust. For example these include records on
Kristallnacht, British Government awareness of Jewish persecution, the
liberation of the concentration camps, war crimes and criminals (both alleged
and proved) and the associated trials, and displaced persons in post-war
Europe. Whilst other documents are held here, the principal record series,
with department codes, are Foreign Office (FO), War Office (WO), Prime
Minister's Papers (PREM), Cabinet Papers (CAB), Treasury Solicitor (TS) and
Bletchley Park Decryptons (HW). The National Archives catalogue can be searched online, and there are also online research guides on war crimes, refugees and prisoners of war.
The Parkes Institute for the Study of Jewish/non-Jewish Relations:
the Jewish archives
The Parkes Institute is part of the University of Southampton,
and is a repository for resources on Jewish history and culture.
In the Jewish archives housed at the Institute there is a substantial
amount of archival material related to the Holocaust. This includes
material on the American prosecution of Nazi war criminals, the
Nuremberg Trials, and European refugees from Nazi Germany. Accessible
from the web site is the Survey of Jewish Archives in the UK and
Eire database, which provides the facility to search for material
in archives in these two countries.
Opening hours: 9am-5pm, Monday to Friday. Closed 12.30pm-1.30pm
Telephone: 023 8059 2261
Address: The Parkes Institute,
The James Parkes Building,
University of Southampton,
University of Essex Albert Sloman Library special collections:
Amy Zahl Gottleib collection
The Amy Zahl Gottleib collection is held as part of the special
collections in the University of Essex’s Albert Sloman Library.
It is composed of the private library of Amy Gottleib, one of the
leading teachers on the Holocaust, and contains over 400 books and
40 reels of microfilm. Available on microfilm are the Archives of
the Central British Fund for World Jewish Relief 1933-1960, with
material on the efforts made to evacuate Jews from Nazi Germany
and occupied Europe, the subsequent refugees, and how the Zionist
movement was affected by the Holocaust. Microfilmed copies of the
Jewish Chronicle, 1937-1939, are also in the collection.
The University of Sheffield Library special collections and archives:
The special collections and archives department at the University
of Sheffield houses some resources relevant to the Holocaust as
part of its Jewish studies and other migrant communities collection.
The two resources that are most relevant to the Holocaust are the
Britain and the Refugee Crisis collection, a collection of oral
testimonies from refugees of Nazi Europe, and the Holocaust collection,
a growing library of books on the Holocaust.
Opening hours: 9.30am-1pm and 2pm-4.30pm, Monday to Wednesday.
Thursday to Friday access by prior arrangement
Telephone: 0114 222 7230
Address: Special Collections and Archives Department,
The University of Sheffield,
The Wiener Library
The Wiener Library was founded in 1933, and is the oldest Holocaust
memorial organisation. It concentrates on modern Jewish history,
particularly Third Reich Germany,the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, Zionism,
and the Middle East. Within its collections are books, periodicals,
memoirs, press cuttings, video footage, photographic archives, oral
histories, and primary source documents such as family papers and
Simon Wiesenthal Center Library and Archives
The Simon Wiesenthal Center is an international Jewish human rights
organisation dedicated to educating on the Holocaust. It has an
extensive library containing 50,000 books and non-print materials.
The archive at the Center contains a range of primary source material,
including photographs, rare books, artwork, artefacts, letters and
diaries. The library and archive catalogue can be searched online,
and a selection of archive collections can be viewed in the recently
launched Simon Wiesenthal Center digital archives.
Opening hours: 8.30am-6pm, Monday to Thursday; 8.30am-2pm, Friday
Telephone: (00 1) 310 772-7605
Address: Simon Wiesenthal Center Library and Archives,
1399 South Roxbury Drive,
United States of America
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum collections
The archives and collections held at the United States Holocaust
Memorial Museum comprise one of the largest and most comprehensive
repositories of material relating to the Holocaust in the world.
The holdings cover practically every subject related to the Holocaust
and the Nazi persecution of Jews and other targeted groups, such
as Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, communists and Slavs.
Topics such as resistance movements, war crimes trials, and restitution
are covered, as well as resources on the ghettos and the camps.
Resources include extensive microform holdings, personal papers,
memoirs, oral histories, film footage, and photographs.
Opening hours: 10am-5pm, Monday to Friday
Telephone: (00 1) 202 488-6113
Address: Archives, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 100
Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW, Washington DC 20024-2126, USA
Yad Vashem is dedicated to documenting the history of the Jews
during the Holocaust, and its archives are the biggest and most
extensive Holocaust archives in the world. It contains over 62 million
pages of material, which include oral testimonies and memoirs, unpublished
documents from the Nazi regime and Jewish organisations, photographs,
film footage, and the growing ‘Pages of testimony’,
a repository of biographies of those who died during the Holocaust.
Yad Vashem also has a library of more than 90,000 titles and thousands