Cambridge University Press
Roots of Hate: Anti-Semitism in Europe Before the Holocaust
William I. Brustein
How did the levels of anti-Semitism in the 1930s compare to those
of earlier decades? Did anti-Semitism vary in content and intensity
across societies? In other words, were Germans more anti-Semitic
than their European neighbours, and, if so, why? How does anti-Semitism
differ from other forms of religious, racial, and ethnic prejudice?
William I. Brustein offers the first truly systematic comparative
and empirical examination of anti-Semitism within Europe before
the Holocaust. Brustein proposes that European anti-Semitism flowed
from religious, racial, economic, and political roots, which became
enflamed by economic distress, rising Jewish immigration, and socialist
success. To support his arguments, Brustein draws upon a careful
and extensive examination of the annual volumes of the American
Jewish Year Books and more than 40 years of newspaper reportage
from Europe's major dailies. The findings of this informative book
offer a fresh perspective on the roots of society's longest hatred.
The Red Cross and the Holocaust
Jean-Claude Favez. Translated by John Fletcher and Beryl Fletcher
The Red Cross and the Holocaust presents a startling new assessment
of the role of the worlds most famous charity in World War
II. Was the Red Cross aware of the appalling sufferings of the victims
of the concentration camps? How much did its International Committee
know about the deportation and extermination of the Jews in Europe?
Did it try to protect the persecuted Jews? In what ways could it
have helped them, given the neutrality which was the basis of its
foundation? These questions have remained unanswered for more than
50 years and have sparked off bitter debates. Jean-Claude Favez
here presents a fundamental reappraisal, informed by unrivalled
access to the archives of the Red Cross. This magisterial work includes
a chronology, indices, biographical notes, and a statement by the
charitys current leaders: anyone interested in the complexity
and tragedy of the Holocaust will find this compelling reading.
Whitehall and the Jews, 1933-1948: British Immigration Policy, Jewish Refugees and the Holocaust
Whitehall and the Jews is the most comprehensive study to date of the British response to the plight of European Jewry under Nazism. It contains the definitive account of immigration controls on the admission of refugee Jews, and reveals the doubts and dissent that lay behind British policy. British self-interest consistently limited humanitarian aid to Jews. Refuge was severely restricted during the Holocaust, and little attempt made to save lives, although individual intervention did prompt some admissions on a purely humanitarian basis. After the war, the British government delayed announcing whether refugees would obtain permanent residence, reflecting the governments aim of avoiding long-term responsibility for large numbers of homeless Jews. The balance of state self-interest against humanitarian concern in refugee policy is an abiding theme of Whitehall and the Jews, one of the most important contributions to the understanding of the Holocaust and Britain yet published.
between Memory and Hope: the Survivors of the Holocaust in Occupied
For a review of this book, see our book reviews.
Zeev W. Mankowitz
This is the remarkable story of the 250,000 Holocaust survivors who converged on the American Zone of Occupied Germany from 1945 to 1948. They envisaged themselves as the living bridge between destruction and rebirth, the last remnants of a world destroyed and the active agents of its return to life. Much of what has been written to date looks at the Surviving Remnant through the eyes of others and thus has often failed to disclose the tragic complexity of their lives together with their remarkable political and social achievements. Despite having lost everyone and everything, they got on with their lives, they married, had children and worked for a better future. They did not surrender to the deformities of suffering and managed to preserve their humanity intact. Mankowitz uses largely inaccessible archival material to give a moving and sensitive account of this neglected area in the aftermath of the Holocaust.
This text provides an authoritative and lucid study of the Holocaust. In concise chapters, Peter Neville surveys the history of anti-semitism in Europe and examines the influence of anti-semitic ideas on Hitler and the Nazi Party. An account is given of the extermination programme; the tensions between this and the German war economy is explained. The text then charts the development of the Jewish resistance and considers its effectiveness. The response of the Allies to the Holocaust is explored, together with the role of the Vatican. The final chapters look at the issue of Holocaust denial and assess the legacy of the Holocaust in the modern world.