Parliamentary Lieutenants of Counties (England & Wales)

A provisional list compiled by J C Sainty, September 2005

Introduction

The lists are designed to identify, so far as as possible, those individuals appointed lieutenants of counties by parliament after the break with the king in 1642. Provision was made for such lieutenants to receive commissions once the two Houses had agreed to their appointment. Since no record of the issue of these commissions appears to have survived appointments can be ascertained only by reference to the proceedings recorded in the Journals of the two Houses. For the purposes of the lists only those individuals whose appointments can be demonstrated to have been approved by both Houses have been regarded as occupying the office. In those cases where a nomination received the approval of only one House or where an individual,although approved by both Houses, declined to serve the entry is italicised.

It is unclear how long the lieutenants enjoyed the recognition of parliament. The last lieutenant whose appointment was endorsed by both Houses was the 10th Earl of Kent appointed to Rutland in August 1644. Both Houses recognised that the 1st Earl of Bolingbroke occupied the office of lieutenant of Bedfordshire on his death in June 1646 although they did not agree on who should replace him. The last nominations made by either House were those of the 5th Viscount Hereford to Herefordshire and Monmouthshire and the 4th Earl of Pembroke to Montgomery in October 1646.

The following lieutenancies are listed:

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Parliamentary Lieutenants by county

Bedfordshire

  • 1642 Bolingbroke, Oliver (St. John) 1st Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577). D. June 1646.
  • 1646 Bruce, Robert (Bruce) Baron Nominated by HL in place of Bolingbroke 1 July 1646 (LJ, viii, 405); concurrence of HC not traced.
  • 1646 Kent, Henry (Grey) 10th Earl of Nominated by HC in place of Bolingbroke, deceased 2 July 1646 (CJ, iv, 597); concurrence of HL not traced.

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Berkshire

  • 1642 Holland, Henry (Rich) 1st Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577). Discharged 23 Aug. 1643 (CJ, iii, 216).

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Buckinghamshire

  • 1642 Paget, William (Paget) 6th Baron Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577).
  • 1642 Wharton, Philip (Wharton) 4th Baron Nominated by HL 2 July 1642 (LJ, v, 176); concurrence of HC ibid. (CJ, ii, 648).

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Cambridgeshire

  • 1642 North, Dudley (North) 3rd Baron Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577).

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Cheshire

  • 1642 Strange, James (Stanley) Baron Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 14 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 585). Refusal accepted 24 Mar. 1642 (LJ, iv, 666).
  • 1642 Saye and Sele, William (Fiennes) 1st Viscount Nominated by HC 24 Mar. 1642 (CJ, ii, 495); concurrence of HL 25 Mar. 1642 (LJ, iv, 670).

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Cornwall

  • 1642 Robartes, John (Robartes) 2nd Baron Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577).

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Cumberland

  • 1642 Grey of Warke, William (Grey) 1st Baron Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577).

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Derbyshire

  • 1642 Rutland, John (Manners) 8th Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577).

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Devon

  • 1642 Bedford, William (Russell) 5th Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577). Discharged 23 Aug. 1643 (CJ, iii, 216).
  • 1644 Robartes, John (Robartes) 2nd Baron Nominated by HC 10 July 1644 (CJ, iii, 556); concurrence of HL 15 July 1644 (LJ, vi, 634).

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Dorset

  • 1642 Salisbury, William (Cecil) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 642 (LJ, iv, 577). Vac. by July 1642 (LJ, v, 193).
  • 1642 Cranborne, Charles (Cecil) styled Viscount Nominated by HC in place of Salisbury 8 July 1642 (CJ, ii, 660); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, v, 193).

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Durham

  • 1642 Vane, Sir Henry, Kt. Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577).

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Essex

  • 1642 Warwick, Robert (Rich) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577).

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Gloucestershire

  • 1642 Chandos, George (Brydges) 6th Baron Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424)l; concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 577).
  • 1642 Saye and Sele, William (Fiennes) 1st Viscount Nominated by HC 10 Aug. 1642 (CJ, ii, 712); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, v, 280).

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Hampshire

  • 1642 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Herefordshire

  • 1642 Dacre, Francis (Lennard) 14th Baron Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).
  • 1642 Essex, Robert (Devereux) 3rd Earl of Nominated by HC 8 Aug. 1642 (CJ, ii, 709); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, v, 271). [D. 14 Sept. 1646]
  • 1646 Hereford, Walter (Devereux) 5th Viscount Nominated by HL 27 Oct. 1646 (LJ, viii, 546); concurrence of HC not traced.

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Hertfordshire

  • 1642 Salisbury, William (Cecil) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). Vac. by July 1642 (LJ, v, 193).
  • 1642 Cranborne, Charkes (Cecil) styled Viscount Nominated by HC in place of Salisbury 8 July 1642 (CJ, ii, 660); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, v, 193).

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Huntingdonshire

  • 1642 Mandeville, Edward (Montagu) styled Viscount Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Kent

  • 1642 Leicester, Robert (Sydney) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).
  • 1642 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Aug. 1642 (CJ, ii, 713); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, v, 280).

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Lancashire

  • 1642 Wharton, Philip (Whartgon) 4th Baron Nomnated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 424); concurrence of HL 14 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 585).

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Leicestershire

  • 1642 Stamford, Henry (Grey) 1st Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 425); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Lincolnshire

  • 1642 Lincoln, Theophilus (Clinton) 4th Earl of Nominated to Holland & Kesteven by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). Desired to be excused 25 Mar. 1642 (LJ, iv, 670).
  • 1642 Willoughby of Parham, Francis (Willoughby) 5th Baron Nominated to Lindsey by HC 11 Feb, 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 678). Nominated to Holland & Kesteven by HC 25 Mar. 1642 (CJ, ii, 497); concurrence of HL 26 Mar. 1642 (LJ, iv, 674).

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Middlesex

  • 1642 Holland, Henry (Rich) 1st Earl of Nominated by HC 10 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 425); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). Discharged 23 Aug. 1643 (CJ, iii, 216).

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Norfolk

  • 1642 Warwick, Robert (Rich) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Northamptonshire

  • 1642 Spencer, Henry (Spencer) 3rd Baron Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). Vac. by Aug. 1642 (LJ, v, 263).
  • 1642 Peterborough, John (Mordaunt) 1st Earl of Nominated by HC in place of Spencer 2 Aug. 1642 (CJ, ii, 700); concurrence of HL 5 Aug. 1642 (LJ, v, 263). D. in office 19 June 1643.
  • 1643 Manchester, Edward (Montagu) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC in place of Peterborough, deceased 6 July 1643 (CJ, iii, 157); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, vi, 123).

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Northumberland

  • 1642 Northumberland, Algernon (Percy) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Nottinghamshire

  • 1642 Clare, John (Holles) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Oxfordshire

  • 1642 Saye and Sele, William (Fiennes) 1st Viscount Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Rutland

  • 1642 Exeter, David (Cecil) 3rd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1643 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1644 (LJ, iv, 578). D. in office 18 Apr. 1643.
  • 1644 Kent, Henry (Grey) 10th Earl of Nominated by HC in place of Exeter, deceased 24 Aug. 1644 (CJ, iii, 605); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, vi, 686).

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Shropshire

  • 1642 Littleton, Edward (Littelton) 1st Baron Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). Discharged 5 Sept. 1642 (CJ, ii, 752).
  • 1642 Essex, Robert (Devereux) 3rd Earl of Nominated by HC in place of Littleton 5 Sept. 1642 (CJ, ii, 752); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, v, 338).

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Somerset

  • 1642 Hertford, William (Seymour) 1st Marquess of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). Desired to be excused 25 Mar. 1642 (LJ, iv, 670).
  • 1642 Bedford, William (Russell) 5th Earl of Nominated by HC 24 Mar. 1642 (CJ, ii, 495); concurrence of HL 25 Mar. 1642 (LJ, iv, 670). Discharged 23 Aug. 1643 (CJ, iii, 216).
  • 1643 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 13 Sept. 1643 (CJ, iii, 238); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, vi, 215). Nominated by HC 10 July 1644 (CJ, iii, 556); concurrence of HL 15 July 1644 (LJ, vi, 634).

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Staffordshire

  • 1642 Essex, Robert (Devereux) 3rd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). [D. 14 Sept. 1646]
  • 1646 Middlesex, James (Cranfield) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HL 17 Sept. 1646 (LJ, viii, 493); concurrence of HC not traced.

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Suffolk

  • 1642 Suffolk, James (Howard) 3rd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Surrey

  • 1642 Nottingham, Charles (Howard) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). D. in office 3 Oct. 1642.
  • 1642 Northumberland, Algernon (Percy) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 5 Oct. 1642 (CJ, ii, 794); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, v, 386).

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Sussex

  • 1642 Northumberland, Algernon (Percy) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Warwickshire

  • 1642 Brooke, Robert (Greville) 2nd Baron Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). D. 2 Mar. 1643.
  • 1643 Denbigh, Basil (Feilding) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 9 June 1643 (CJ, iii, 121); concurrence of HL 12 June 1643 (LJ, vi, 92).

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Westmorland

  • 1642 Cumberland, Henry (Clifford) 5th Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL not traced. Desired to be excused 26 Mar. 1642 (LJ, iv, 672).
  • 1642 Hastings, Ferdinando (Hastings) styled Baron Nominated by HC 26 Mar. 1642 (CJ, ii, 498); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, iv, 674). Vac. by Sept. 1644 (LJ, vi, 700).
  • 1644 Wharton, Philip (Wharton) 4th Baron Nominated by HC in place of Hastings 11 Sept. 1644 (CJ, iii, 624); concurrence of HL ibid. (LJ, vi, 700).

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Wiltshire

  • 1642 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 ((LJ, iv, 578).

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Worcestershire

  • 1642 Howard of Escrick, Edward (Howard) 1st Baron Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Yorkshire

  • 1642 Essex, Robert (Devereux) 3rd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). [D. 14 Sept. 1646]
  • 1646 Northumberland, Algernon (Percy) 4th Earl of Nominated by HL 16 Sept. 1646 (LJ, viii, 491); concurrence of HC not traced.

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Anglesey

  • 1642 Northumberland, Algernon (Percy) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence or HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Brecon

  • 1642 Herbert, Philip (Herbert) styled Baron Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb,. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). Vac. by July 1642 (LJ, v, 248).
  • 1642 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 29 July 1642 (CJ, ii, 695); concurrence of HL 30 July 1642 (LJ, v, 248).

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Cardigan

  • 1642 Carbery, Richard (Vaughan) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Carmarthen

  • 1642 Carbery, Richard (Vaughan) 2nd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Carnarvon

  • 1642 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Denbigh

  • 1642 Feilding, Basil (Feikding) styled Viscount Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Flint

  • 1642 Feilding, Basil (Feilding) styled Viscount Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Glamorgan

  • 1642 Herbert, Philip (Herbert) styled Baron Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (HC, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). Vac. by July 1642 (LJ, v, 248).
  • 1642 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 29 July 1642 (CJ, ii, 695); concurrence of HL 30 July 1642 (LJ, v, 248).

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Merioneth

  • 1642 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Monmouthshire

  • 1642 Herbert, Philip (Herbert) styled Baron Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). Vac. by July 1642 (LJ, v, 248).
  • 1642 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 29 July 1642 (LJ, ii, 695); concurrence of HL 30 July 1642 (LJ, v, 248).
  • By 1646 Essex, Robert (Devereux) 3rd Earl of Stated to have been in office on d. 14 Sept. 1646 (LJ, viii, 546).
  • 1646 Hereford, Walter (Devereux) 5th Viscount Nominated by HL 27 Oct. 1646 (LJ, viii, 546); concurrence of HC not traced.

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Montgomery

  • 1642 Essex, Robert (Devereux) 3rd Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578). [D. 14 Sept. 1646]
  • 1646 Pembroke, Philip (Herbert) 4th Earl of Nominated by HL 27 Oct. 1646 (LJ, viii, 547); concurrence of HC not traced.

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Pembroke

  • 1642 Northumberland, Algernon (Percy) 4th Earl of Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Radnor

  • 1642 Littleton, Edward (Littleton) 1st Baron Nominated by HC 11 Feb. 1642 (CJ, ii, 426); concurrence of HL 12 Feb. 1642 (LJ, iv, 578).

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Alphabetical list of Parliamentary Lieutenants

  • Bedford, William 5th Earl of Devon 1642-3; Somerset 1642-3.
  • Bolingbroke, Oliver 1st Earl of Bedfordshire 1642.
  • Brooke, Robert (Greville) 2nd Baron Warwickshire 1642-3.
  • Carbery, Richard 2nd Earl of Cardigan 1642; Carmarthen 1642.
  • Chandos, George 6th Baron Gloucestershire 1642.
  • Clare, John (Holles) 2nd Earl of Nottinghamshire 1642.
  • Cranborne, Charles Viscount Dorset 1642; Hertfordshire 1642.
  • Dacre, Francis 14th Baron Herefordshire 1642.
  • Denbigh, 2nd Earl of see Feilding, Viscount
  • Essex, Robert 3rd Earl of Herefordshire 1642; Montgomery 1642; Shropshire 1642; Staffordshire 1642; Yorkshire 1642.
  • Exeter, David 3rd Earl of Rutland 1642-3.
  • Feilding, Basil Viscount (2nd Earl of Denbigh 1643) Denbigh 1642; Flint 1642; Warwickshire 1643..
  • Grey of Warke, William 1st Baron Cumberland 1642.
  • Hastings, Ferdinando styled Baron Westmorland 1642.
  • Herbert Philip styled Baron Brecon 1642; Glamorgan 1642; Monmouthshire 1642.
  • Holland, Henry 1st Earl of Berkshire 1642; Middlesex 1642.
  • Howard of Escrick, Edward 1st Baron Worcestershire 1642.
  • Kent, Henry (Grey) 10th Earl of Rutland 1644.
  • Leicester, Robert 2nd Earl of Kent 1642.
  • Littleton, Edward 1st Baron Radnor 1642; Shropshire 1642.
  • Manchester, 2nd Earl of see Mandeville, Viscount
  • Mandeville, Edward Viscount (2nd Earl of Manchester 1642) Huntingdonshire 1642; Northamptonshire 1643.
  • North, Dudley 3rd Baron Cambridgeshire 1642
  • Northumberland, Agernon 4th Earl of Anglesey 1642; Northumberland 1642; Pembroke 1642; Surrey 1642; Sussex 1642.
  • Nottingham, Charles (Howard) 2nd Earl of Surrey 1642.
  • Paget, William 6th Baron Buckinghamshire 1642 .
  • Pembroke, Philip 4th Earl of Brecon 1642; Carnarvon 1642; Glamorgan 1642; Hampshire 1642; Kent 1642; Merioneth 1642; Monmouthshire 1642; Somerset 1643; Wiltshire 1642.
  • Peterborough, John 1st Earl of Northamptonshire 1642.
  • Robartes, John 2nd Baron Cornwall 1642; Devon 1642.
  • Rutland,. John 8th Earl of Derbyshire 1642.
  • Salisbury, William 2nd Earl of Dorset 1642; Hertfordshire 1642.
  • Saye and Sele, William 1st Viscount Cheshire 1642; Gloucestershire 1642; Oxfordshire 1642.
  • Spencer, Henry 3rd Baron Northamptonshire 1642.
  • Stamford, Henry 1st Earl of Leicestershire 1642.
  • Suffolk, James 3rd Earl of Suffolk 1642.
  • Vane, Sir Henry, Kt. Durham 1642.
  • Warwick, Robert 2nd Earl of Essex 1642; Norfolk 1642.
  • Wharton, Philip 4th Baron Buckinghamshire 1642; Lancashire 1642; Westmorland .1644.
  • Willoughby of Parham, Francis 5th Baron Lincolnshire 1642.

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References

CJ
Commons Journals
LJ
Lords Journals

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