Wards Officers

List of appointments

Attorney 1540-c.1643

Appointments to this office were made by the crown by letters patent under the great seal. Tenure was for life unless otherwise specified. The patent salary was £90.

1540 Polsted, Thomas
Gt. 3 Aug. 1540 (LP, xv, 507(15)); vac. by 7 Feb. 1541 (gt. to Sewster).

1541 Sewster, John
Gt. 7 Feb. 1541 (LP, xvi, 276(34)); surr. 12 Jan. 1544 (ibid.); new gt. 22 Jan. 1544 (LP, xix(1), 41(31)); d. by 14 May 1546 (LP, xxi(1), 483(23)).

1546 Goodricke, Richard
Gt. 14 May 1546 (LP, xxi(1), 483(23)); surr. 9 Jan. 1547 (ibid.).

1547 Bacon, Nicholas (ktd. 1558)
Gt. 12 Jan. 1547 (LP, xxi(2), 414(13)); surr. 8 Feb. 1561 (ibid.).

1561 Nowell, Robert
Gt. 8 Feb. 1561 (CPR 1560-63, p. 6); d. 6 Feb. 1569 (HP 1558-1603, iii, 150).

1569 Onslow, Richard
Gt. 12 Mar. 1569 (CPR 1566-9, p. 395(2339)); d. 2 Apr. 1571 (HP 1558-1603, iii, 154).

1571 Wilbraham, Thomas
Gt. 23 Apr. 1571 (CPR 1569-72, p. 324(2414)); d. 10 July 1573 (HP 1558-1603, iii, 617).

1573 Kingsmill, Richard
Gt. 7 Sept. 1573 (CPR 1572-5, p. 54(168)); surr. 14 Oct. 1589 (ibid.).

1589 Morice, James
Gt. 16 Oct. 1589 (C 66/1331); d. 2 Feb. 1597 (HP 1558-1603, iii, 100).

1597 Hesketh, Thomas (ktd. June 1603)
Gt. 16 Apr. 1597 (C 66/1462); d. 15 Oct. 1605 (HP 1558-1603, ii, 306).

1605 Hobart, Sir Henry, Kt.
Gt. 3 Nov. 1605 (C 66/1678); surr. 8 July 1607 (ibid.).

1607 Pepper, Sir Cuthbert, Kt.
Gt. 9 July 1607 (C 66/1748); d. 11 Aug. 1608 (HP 1558-1603, iii, 202).

1608 Ley, Sir James, Kt. (cr. Bart. 20 July 1619)
Gt. 18 Nov. 1608 (C 66/1758 no. 6); vac. by 2 Feb. 1621 (gt. to Pye).

1621 Pye, Walter
Gt. 2 Feb. 1621 (C 66/2231 no. 3); d. 26 Dec. 1635 (HP 1558-1603, iii, 265).

1636 Calthorpe, Henry
Gt. during pleasure 23 Jan. 1636 (C 66/2693 no. 6); vac. by 29 Sept. 1637 (gt. to Wandesford).

1637 Wandesford, Roland
Gt. during pleasure 29 Sept. 1637 (C 66/2795 no. 10; new gt. during good behaviour 17 Mar. 1641 (C 66/2888 no. 30).

1643 Bridgeman, Orlando
Appointed by the King at Oxford.
Gt. 13 Nov. 1643 (Docquets of Letters Patent … passed under the Great Seal of Charles I 1642-6, ed. W.H. Black

Auditors 1540-c.1643

Originally provision was made for two offices of auditor but the second office was not filled until the appointment of John Tooke in 1610. Appointments were made by the crown by letters patent under the great seal. Tenure was for life. The patent salary was £40 each.

1540 Peryent, John
Gts. 2 Aug. 1540 (LP, xv, 506(9)), 24 Jan. 1544 (LP, xix(1), 42(80)); surr. 10 Sept. 1544 (ibid.).

1544 Peryent, John (later knighted)
Tooke, William
Gt. in surv. 12 Sept. 1544 (LP, xix(2), 182(19)); Tooke, sole survivor, d. 4 Dec. 1588 (R. Clutterbuck, History and Antiquities of County of Hertford (1815-21), ii, 134).

1589 Tooke, Walter
Curle, William
Gt. in surv. 14 Mar. 1589 (C 66/1323); Tooke d. between 19 Jan. 1608 (C 66/1741, gt. to Richard Perceval) and 22 Mar. 1610 (C 66/1789 no. 20); Curle surr. by 16 Jan. 1615 (C 66/2027 no. 6).

1605 Brereton, William
Gt. in rev. after Walter Tooke and William Curle 10 Jan. 1605 (C 66/1648); did not succeed; surr. 3 Dec. 1606 (E 214 no. 1557).

1606 Churchill, John
Tooke, John
Gt. in surv. in reversion after Tooke and William Curle 11 Dec. 1606 (C 66/1714); did not succeed; Churchill d. by 19 Jan. 1608 (C 66/1741, gt. to Richard Perceval); Tooke vacated. by 2 Mar. 1610 (C 66/1789 no. 12).

1608 Perceval, Richard
Gt. in reversion after Tooke, William Curle and John Tooke 19 Jan. 1608 (C 66/1741); did not succeed.

1610 Tooke, John
Gt. of office of second auditor 22 Mar. 1610 (C 66/1789 no. 12); d. by 22 May 1634 (C 66/2664 no. 27).

1610 Perceval, Richard
Gt. in reversion after William Curle and John Tooke 23 Mar. 1610 (C 66/1789 no. 20); did not succeed; surr. 28 Nov. 1614 (E 214 no. 1449).

1615 Curle, Francis
Succ. William Curle.
Gt. 16 Jan. 1615 (C 66/2027 no. 6); surr. by 5 June 1624 (c 66/2332 no. 13).

1615 Beecher, William (knighted 16 Nov. 1622)
Gt. in rev. after John Tooke and Francis Curle 21 July 1615 (C 66/2069 no. 9); did not succeed.

1624 Tooke, Thomas
Succ. Francis Curle.
Gt. 5 June 1624 (C 66/2332 no. 13); surr. by 9 June 1634 (C 66/2664 no. 26).

1624 Beecher, Sir William, Kt.
Gt. in rev. after John Tooke and Thomas Tooke 10 June 1624 (C 66/2332 no. 7); did not succeed.

1634 Maynard, Charles
Gt. in rev. after John Tooke and Francis Curle 26 Apr. 1625 (C 66/2350 no. 10); surr. 21 May 1634 (C 54/3435 no. 47); gt. in possession in place of John Tooke 22 May 1634 (C 66/2664 no. 27); last occurs 5 Feb. 1638 (C 66/2773 no. 15).

1634 Tooke, James
Succ. Thomas Tooke.
Gt. 9 June 1634 (C 66/2664 no. 26); last occurs 5 Feb. 1638 (C 66/2773 no. 15).
[D. 21 Nov. 1655 (R. Clutterbuck, History and Antiquities of County of Hertford (1815-21), ii, 135)]

1636 Levingston, James
Gt. in reversion after Charles Maynard and James Tooke 13 Nov. 1636 (C 66/2734 no. 11); did not succeed; surr. 6 Dec. 1637 (E 214 no. 166).

1637 Prichard, Walter
Gt. in reversion after Charles Maynard and James Tooke 7 Dec. 1637 (C 66/2773 no. 29); last occurs 15 Feb. 1638 (C 66/2773 no. 15).

1638 Tooke, John
Gt. in reversion after Charles Maynard, James Tooke and Walter Prichard 15 Feb. 1638 (C 66/2773 no. 15); did not succeed.

1643 Heath, John
Appointed by the King at Oxford.
Gt. 14 June 1643 (Docquets of Letters Patent … passed under the Great Seal of Charles I 1642-6, ed. W.H. Black (1837), p. 356).

1643 Heath, Robert
Appointed by the King at Oxford.
Gt. 14 June 1643 (Docquets of Letters Patent … passed under the Great Seal of Charles I 1642-6, ed. W.H. Black (1837), p. 356).

Clerk of Liveries 1551-c.1640

Appointments to this office were made by the crown by letters patent under the great seal. Tenure was for life. No salary was specified in the patents.

1551 Paulet, George
Gt. 27 Oct. 1551 (CPR 1550-53, p. 195); last occ. 7 July 1558 (CPR 1557-8, p. 98).

By 1559 Bourne, Sir John, Kt.
Gt. in rev. after George Paulet 7 July 1558 (CPR 1557-8, p. 98); in possession on surr. 24 July 1559 (ibid.).

1559 Farnham, Thomas
Gt. 26 July 1559 (CPR 1558-60, p. 90); d. 4 Sept. 1562 (HP 1558-1603, ii, 108).

1562 Cooke, William (1)
Gt. 3 Oct. 1562 (CPR 1560-63, p. 250); d. 14 May 1589 (HP 1558-1603, i, 647).

1589 Cooke, William (2) (ktd. 7 May 1603)
Gt. in rev. after William Cooke (1) 22 Aug. 1586 (C 66/1279); succ. 14 May 1589 (d. of same); d. 1619 (HP 1558-1603, ii, 648).

1619 Cooke, Sir Robert, Kt.
Gt. in rev. after Sir William Cooke (2) 22 June 1603 (C 66/1607); succ. 1619 (d. of same); last occ. 2 Mar. 1640 (C 66/2842 no. 3).
[D. 1643 (M.F. Keeler, The Long Parliament, 1640-1641 (Philadelphia, 1954), p. 141]

1622 Ramsey, Robert
Gt. in rev. after Sir Robert Cooke 17 May 1622 (C 66/2272 no. 2); did not succeed; last occ. 2 Mar. 1640 (C 66/2842 no.3).

1638 Cooke, William (3)
Gt. in rev. after Sir Robert Cooke and Robert Ramsey 16 July 1638 (C 66/2822 no. 5); last occ. 2 Mar. 1640 (C 66/2842 no. 3).

1640 Jermyn, Thomas
Gt. in rev. after Sir Robert Cooke, Robert Ramsey and William Cooke (3) 2 Mar. 1640 (C 66/2842 no. 3).

1640 Jermyn, Henry
Gt. in rev. after Sir Robert Cooke, Robert Ramsey, William Cooke (3) and Thomas Jermyn 2 Mar. 1640 (C 66/2842 no. 3).

Clerk c.1558-1644

Appointments to this office were made by the crown by letters patent under the great seal. Tenure was for life. The patent salary was £10.

By 1558 Antan, Thomas
D. by 29 Oct. 1558 (CPR 1557-8, p. 428).

1558 Bosseville, Ralph
Gt. 29 Oct. 1558 (CPR 1557-8, p. 428); surr. 19 July 1560 (ibid.).

1560 Bosseville, Ralph
Bosseville, Henry
Gt. in surv. 20 July 1560 (CPR 1558-60, p. 421); Henry Bosseville, sole survivor, surr. 14 Oct. 1580 (CPR 1578-80, p. 272(2161)).

1580 Bosseville, Henry
Gt. 15 Oct. 1580 (CPR 1578-80, p. 272(2161)); surr. 8 Jan. 1590 (ibid.).

1590 Hare, John
Hare, Hugh
Gt. in surv. 9 Jan. 1590 (C 66/1341); surr. 4 Dec. 1604 (ibid.).

1603 Herrys, Edward
Wrightington, Edward
Gt. in surv. in rev. after John Hare and Nicholas Hare 30 May 1603 (C 66/1607); did not succeed; surr. 17 Sept. 1604 (ibid.).

1604 Hare, John
Hare, Nicholas
Gt. in surv. 5 Dec. 1604 (C 66/1633); John Hare d. 8 June 1613 (History of Parliament 1558-1603, ii, 253); Nicholas Hare surr. 9 June 1618 (C 66/1633).

1618 Chamberlain, Richard
Audley, Hugh
Gt. in surv. in rev. after John Hare and Nicholas Hare 6 Dec. 1604 (C 66/1644); surr. 10 June 1618 (ibid.); gt. in surv. in possession 11 June 1618 (C 66/2174 no. 27); last occurs 11 June 1638 (C 66/2831 no 6).

1618 Hare, Nicholas
Brooke, Robert
Gt. in surv. in rev. after Richard Chamberlain and Hugh Audley 25 June 1618 (C 66/2174 no. 14); did not succeed.

1629 Maxwell, James
Gt. in rev. after Richard Chamberlain and Hugh Audley 15 Aug. 1629 (C 66/2506 no. 1); did not succeed; surr. 26 May 1638 (E 214 no. 1621).

1629 Jenour, Francis
Gt. in rev. after Richard Chamberlain, Hugh Audley and James Maxwell 15 Aug. 1629 (C 66/2506 no. 1); did not succeed; surr. 7 Jan. 1638 (E 214 no. 1619).

1638 Fane, Anthony
Gt. in rev. after Richard Chamberlain and Hugh Audley 11 June 1638 (C 66/2831 no. 6); did not succeed.

1638 Fane, George
Gt. in rev. after Richard Chamberlain, Hugh Audley and Anthony Fane 11 June 1638 (C 66/2831 no. 6); did not succeed.

1644 Corbet, Miles
Appointed by parliament.
Gt. 22 May 1644 in place of Richard Chamberlain (C 66/2908 no. 16).

Master 1540-c.1644

Appointments to this office were made by the crown by letters patent under the great seal. Details of tenure are noted in the list. The patent salary was 200 marks.

1540 St. John, William (Paulet) 1st Baron (cr. Earl of
Wiltshire 19 Jan. 1550; Marquess of Winchester
11 Oct. 1551)
Gt. for life 26 July 1540 (Letters and Papers of Henry Viii, xv, 479(112)); surr. 18 Nov. 1542 (ibid.); new gt. for life 20 Nov. 1542 (Letters and Papers of Henry VIII, xvii, 640(72)); surrendered 30 Apr. 1554 (Calendar of State Papers Domestic 1598-1601, p. 204).

1554 Englefield, Sir Francis, Kt.
Gt. for life 1 May 1554 (CPR 1553-4, p. 249); vac. by 12 Jan. 1559 (gt. to Parry).

1559 Parry, Sir Thomas, Kt.
Gt. during pleasure 12 Jan. 1559 (CPR 1558-60, p. 60); d. 15 Dec. 1560 (DNB).

1561 Cecil, Sir William, Kt. (cr. Baron Burghley 25
Feb. 1571)
Gt. for life 10 Jan. 1561 (CPR 1560-61, pp. 44-5); d. 4 Aug. 1598.

1599 Cecil, Hon. Sir Robert, Kt. (cr. Baron Cecil 13
May 1603; Viscount Cranborne 20 Aug. 1604; Earl
of Salisbury 4 May 1605)
Gt. for life 21 May 1599 (C 66/1502); d. 24 May 1612.

1612 Carew, Sir George, Kt.
Gt. until 4 July 1612 and thereafter during pleasure 14 June 1612 (C 66/1965 no. 16); d. 13 Nov. 1612 (DNB).

1612 Cope, Sir Walter, Kt.
Gt. until 6 May 1613 and thereafter during pleasure 21 Nov. 1612 (C 66/1950 no. 3); d. 31 July 1614 (DNB).

1614 Knollys, William (Knollys) 1st Baron (cr. Viscount
Wallingford 7 Nov. 1616)
Gt. for life 10 Oct. 1614 (C 66/2043 no. 2); vac. by 15 Jan. 1619 (gt. to Cranfield).

1619 Cranfield, Sir Lionel, Kt. (cr. Baron Cranfield 9
July 1621; Earl of Middlesex 16 Sept. 1622)
Gt. for life 15 Jan. 1619 (C 66/2185 no. 1); vac. by 2 Oct. 1624 (gt. to Naunton).

1624 Naunton, Sir Robert, Kt.
Gt. for life 2 Oct. 1624 (C 66/2328 no. 5); surrendered 8 Mar. 1635 (E 214 no. 1614).

1635 Cottington, Francis (Cottington) 1st Baron
Gt. during pleasure 25 Mar. 1635 (C 66/2673 no. 30); rev. 13 May 1641 (C 66/2891 no. 37).

1641 Heath, Sir Robert, Kt.
Gt. during pleasure 13 May 1641 (C 66/2891 no. 37); rev. 17 May 1641 (ibid. no. 39).

1641 Saye and Sele, William (Fiennes) 1st Viscount
Gt. during good behaviour 17 May 1641 (C 66/2891 no. 39); rev. 16 Nov. 1642 (C 66/2902 no. 14).

1644 Cottington, Francis (Cottington) 1st Baron
Appointed by the King at Oxford.
Gt. during pleasure 4 Jan. 1644 (Docquets of Letters Patent … passed under the Great Seal of Charles I 1642-6 (1837), p. 372).

Receiver 1540-c.1645

Appointments to this office were made by the crown by letters patent under the great seal except in the case of John Battisford who was appointed by warrant of the Master. Tenure was for life. The patent salary was £66 13s 4d.

1540 Paris, Philip
Gt. 2 Aug. 1540 (LP, xv, 506(8)); surr. 19 Feb. 1544 (ibid.).

1544 Lee, Richard (later ktd.)
Gt. 13 Mar. 1544 (LP, xix(1), 170(34)); resigned by 30 Jan. 1545 (LP, xx(1), 58(27)).

1545 Beaumont, John
Gt. 30 Jan. 1545 (LP, xx(1), 58(27)); vacated by 27 Dec. 1551 (gt. to Damsell).

1551 Damsell, William (ktd. 2 Oct. 1553)
Gt. 27 Dec. 1551 (CPR 1549-51, p. 311); confirmed 17 Jan. 1554 (CPR 1553-4, p. 49); d. 16 June 1582 (History of Parliament 1558-1603, ii, 11).

1582 Battisford, John
Appointed to execute duties of office by warrant of Lord Burghley 20 June 1582 (Ward 9/385); vacated by 3 July 1584 (gt. to Goring).

1584 Goring, George
Gt. 3 July 1584 (C 66/1240); d. 28 Mar. 1594 (History of Parliament 1558-1603, ii, 209).

1594 Fleetwood, William (1) (ktd. 11 May 1603)
Gt. 4 June 1594 (C 66/1413); surr. 3 Feb. 1610 (E 214 no. 1148).

1610 Fleetwood, Sir Miles, Kt.
Gt. in rev. after Sir William Fleetwood (1) 9 Sept. 1604 (C 66/1659); succeeded 3 Feb. 1610 (surr. of same); surr. 21 Mar. 1610 (E 214 no. 1491); gt. in possession 22 Mar. 1610 (C 66/1789 no. 11); d. 8 Mar. 1641 (G. Lipscomb, History and Antiquities of County of Buckingham (1847), iii, 227).

1618 Fleetwood, Sir Gerard, Kt.
Gt. in rev. after Sir Miles Fleetwood 30 Mar. 1618 (C 66/2176 no. 13); did not succeed.

1641 Fleetwood, Sir William (2), Kt.
Gt. in rev. after Sir Miles Fleetwood 2 May 1638 (C 66/2838 no. 24); succeeded 8 Mar. 1641 (d. of same); gt. in possession 17 Mar. 1641 (C 66/2888 no. 27).

1644 Fleetwood, Charles
Appointed by parliament.
Gt. 18 Apr. 1644 (C 66/2905 no. 14).

1645 Nicholas, John
Appointed by the King at Oxford.
Gt. in rev. after Sir William Fleetwood (2) 24 Oct. 1645 (Docquets of Letters Patent … passed under the Great Seal of Charles I 1642-6 (1837), p. 409).

Surveyor 1529-1647

Appointments to this office were made by the crown by letters patent under the great seal. Tenure was for life. The patent salary was £100.

1529 Nevell, Sir Thomas, Kt.
Norwich, Robert
Gt. in surv. 15 Sept. 1529 (LP, iv, 2663); surr. by 20 Apr. 1535 (LP, viii, 240(34)).

1535 Nevell, Sir Thomas, Kt.
Rich, Richard
Gt. in surv. 20 Apr. 1535 (LP, viii, 240(34)); surr. by 14 Mar. 1537 (LP, xii(1), 351(27)).

1537 Nevell, Sir Thomas, Kt.
Hynde, John (ktd. 4 Nov. 1545).
Gt. during good behaviour in surv. 14 Mar. 1537 (LP, xii(1), 351(27)); vac. by 22 May 1547 (gt. to Keilway).

1547 Keilway, Robert
Gt. 22 May 1547 (CPR 1547-8, p. 238); d. 21 Feb. 1581 (DNB).

1581 Seckford, Thomas
Gt. in reversion after Robert Keilway 13 Mar. 1579 (CPR 1578-80, p. 47(388)); succ. 21 Feb. 1581 (d. of same); d. 19 Dec. 1587 (History of Parliament 1558-1603, iii, 364).

1589 Kingsmill, Richard
Gt. 16 Oct. 1589 (C 66/1331); d. 24 Sept. 1601 (History of Parliament 1558-1603, ii, 401).

1600 Pepper, Cuthbert (ktd. 30 May 1604)
Gt. 31 Oct. 1600 (C 66/1545); surr. 8 July 1607 (ibid.).

1607 Wilbraham, Sir Roger, Kt.
Gt. 9 Nov. 1607 (C 66/1748); d. 31 July 1616 (Camden Miscellany, x (1902), p. vi).

1616 Naunton, Sir Robert, Kt.
Gt. 28 Oct. 1616 (C 66/2104 no. 23); vac. by 3 Feb. 1618 (gt. to May).

1618 May, Sir Humphrey, Kt.
Gt. 3 Feb. 1618 (C 66/2151 no. 20); vac. by 17 Apr. 1618 (gt. to Rudyerd).

1618 Rudyerd, Sir Benjamin, Kt.
Gt. 17 Apr. 1618 (C 66/2176 no. 14); surr. 13 May 1625 (ibid.); new gt. 14 May 1625 (C 66/2355 no. 20); vac. 1647 (DNB).

References

C 54
Chancery: close rolls 10 Chas. I
C 66
Chancery patent rolls
CPR
Calendar of Patent Rolls
DNB
Dictionary of National Biography
E 214
Exchequer; King's Remembrancer: modern deeds, series D
HP 1558-1603
P.W.Hasler, History of Parliament 1558-1603 (3 vols., 81)
LP
Letters and Papers of Henry VIII
Ward 9/385
Wards: Receiver Generals Accounts 23-27 Eliz.

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