%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 56 0 R 74 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141025080334+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141025080334+01'00') /Title (Empire and Globalisation: Networks of People, Goods and Capital in the British World, c.1850-1914) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4619 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Empire and Globalisation: Networks of People, Goods and Capital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(in the British World, c.1850-1914)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is a long-standing tradition of joint-authored works that seek to understand the economics of British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperialism from the perspective of its underlying cultural assumptions and practices. Robinson and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gallagher?s ?The Imperialism of Free Trade? in the 1950s was an early example, while more recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partnerships include Davis and Huttenback?s )] TJ ET BT 253.640 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mammon and the Pursuit of Empire )] TJ ET BT 429.632 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Cain and Hopkins?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two volume )] TJ ET BT 94.016 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Imperialism)] TJ ET BT 187.688 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 190.688 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 190.688 193.521 m 204.680 193.521 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 204.680 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Gary Magee and Andrew Thompson?s )] TJ ET BT 396.632 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire and Globalisation )] TJ ET BT 524.972 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worthy addition to the genre, offering a highly nuanced account of the culture and economics of the ?British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World? in the nineteenth century based on a staggering range of primary and secondary sources. It is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(genuinely interdisciplinary exercise, drawing widely on the authors? strengths as economic and imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian respectively.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Equally apparent is the influence of new scholarly trends and influences that have emerged since the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appearance of Cain and Hopkins seventeen years ago. Over the past decade there has been a pronounced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrowing of the gap between imperial history and the study of ?globalisation? ? indeed, the ranks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial historians who have branched out to transnational, global and world history reads like a roll call of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the profession.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 53.217 m 118.664 53.217 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 118.664 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In a world of competitive research grants, ?impact factors?, and a debilitating presentism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 December, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gary Magee)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Thompson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521898898)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(314pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stuart Ward)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 190.6877 193.8355 204.6797 205.7155 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 53.5315 118.6637 65.4115 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R 41 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 8943 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in funding allocations, a cynic might wonder whether this has merely been a case of imperial history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?moving with the money?. But as the mounting volume of scholarship makes increasingly plain, the material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forces, cultural implications and ideological consequences of European imperialism in centuries past have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediate resonances with the more recent experience of globalisation. Magee and Thompson are alive to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the contemporary relevance of their work in the post-GFC era, without allowing this to over-determine their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus or findings.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire and Globalisation)] TJ ET BT 159.356 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( seems particularly indebted to A. G. Hopkins?s early forays into the overlap )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the British imperial past and the ?ancestry? \(p. xii\) of globalisation.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 400.964 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 400.964 683.283 m 414.956 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 414.956 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Although the term itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerged out of the technological and communications revolution of more recent decades, Hopkins was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among the first to identify a prehistory of globalisation in the transoceanic deployments of people, money )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and goods by European empires in centuries past. Others such as Niall Ferguson emphasised the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamentally British nature of these historical antecedents \(which he termed ?Anglobalization?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 500.264 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 500.264 626.259 m 514.256 626.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 514.256 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Magee )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Thompson provide a masterful synthesis of this burgeoning body of work, explaining how imperialism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has come to be regarded as the ?precursor? to globalisation, or perhaps even its ?first wave? \(p. 22\). 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The revolution in transport and communications from the 1860s occasioned by steam power and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(telegraphy brought new potential for wider, and more integrated networks of global economic activity. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this potential could only be realised by overcoming the profound uncertainty that such a quantum leap )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entailed. Settler communities were ideally suited to experimentation, because by their very nature they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embraced a global network of social familiarity and \(relatively\) reliable contacts. This was reinforced by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact that they were ?co-ethnic groupings? which ?tended to instil trust and a mutual sense of obligation? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(53\). 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Knowledge was the handmaiden of investment, and its availability was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never distributed evenly ? the cultural networks that tied the British world into metropolitan society created )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an information network that was biased in favour of settler colonies. Thus the )] TJ ET BT 409.292 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Times )] TJ ET BT 440.960 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could inform its readers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1901 that ?the people of these colonies, brought up in a sound school of self-government and inheriting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the best traditions of the mother country, may be trusted to work out their own destiny in a manly spirit and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the practical sagacity that marks the British race? \(p. 212\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is through this prism that Magee and Thompson present countless compelling examples of the ?cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advantage? that favoured global economic exchange in the British world. Thus they account for the steadily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growing proportion of migrants seeking a new home in settler colonies; the high levels of British investment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in those colonies despite relatively modest returns compared to opportunities elsewhere; the sustained flow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of remittances from settler colonies back to the metropole; and the extraordinary capacity of the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World to absorb UK exports \(with settler consumers spending upwards of three times more of their annual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(income on British goods than their European counterparts ? and still more compared to the United States\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain?s ?non-market advantages? \(p. 133\) in the settler colonies are discussed and documented at length, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including professional diasporas, patent systems, business associations, and established lending practices and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks. In short, Magee and Thompson have made an impressive and lasting contribution, lending shape )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and depth to a concept that has hitherto been discussed in term of ideas, beliefs, assumptions and associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generalities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pursuing the twin aims of charting the contours of the British World, while accounting for the imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(origins of globalisation is an exercise fraught with complexity ? and attendant difficulties. Each could have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided the basis for a study in its own right, and their respective needs do not always dovetail neatly. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inevitably, there are long passages where the one or the other of book?s core claims is submerged in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests of the other. The dual focus also raises a number of analytical problems. By no means all of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(features of the 19th-century British world economy can be said to resemble globalisation in the sense we use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the term today, and certain aspects seem almost antithetical to the concept. One of the distinguishing features )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of modern globalisation is its impersonal nature, its disregard for community boundaries which seems a long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way from Magee and Thompson?s emphasis on the formative influence of culture and ethnocentrism. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they freely concede. As a corrective to Niall Ferguson they emphasise how)] TJ ET BT 64.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?imperial globalisation? ... was far from being truly global in its reach. Rather it was focussed )] TJ ET BT 64.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on particular ethnic groups and exhibited a strong bias towards the empire?s anglophone )] TJ ET BT 64.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(societies ... these powerful exclusionary tendencies not only skewed the distribution of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic gains that came from the British World, they ensured that the globalising forces of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pre-First World war era were circumscribed by geography and culture \(p. 62, restated on p. 231\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One wonders, therefore, whether the twin agendas are mutually self-defeating ? that the more successfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Magee and Thompson establish the ethnically ?skewed distribution? of the British world economy, the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questionable is their claim about its place in the genealogy of globalisation. In their conclusion they pose the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dilemma themselves: ?How could a series of distinct co-ethnic networks possibly have fostered a process of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 48 0 R 51 0 R 54 0 R ] /Contents 46 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Length 8023 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader globalisation?? \(p. 237\). Their most convincing shot at resolving the bind appears at the end of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter two, when they discuss ? perhaps too briefly ? the instrumental relationship between ?regionalised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integration? and broader globalisation \(p. 63\). Similarly, the authors freely acknowledge other 19th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?precursors? of globalisation ? in the empires of France, Portugal, Spain, Germany and Italy, as well as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish, Chinese and South Asian disaporas. But the requirements of establishing the credentials of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British world effectively precludes any detailed comparative exploration of the claim ? implicit throughout ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it was ?Britain?s diaspora that left the largest single impression? \(p. 236\). Here lies a potentially rich )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seam for future scholars to take up.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two other key issues in the book are likely to provoke further debate and new lines of research. The first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerns the ?racially circumscribed? sinews of the British world \(pp. 15, 20, 38, 44\), and particularly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea that ?what it meant to be British became )] TJ ET BT 253.652 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(increasingly)] TJ ET BT 312.980 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( racially circumscribed? \(p. 57, my italics\) as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th century wore on. Magee and Thompson are right to emphasise the ever-changing racial dynamics, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they offer little in the way of explanation as to why this was the case, or how this might have influenced \(or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been influenced by\) the requirements of securing consumer and investor confidence in this early experiment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in transoceanic networking. The book has relatively little to say about the ideological and rhetorical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articulation of an expansive, racially inscribed Britishness, how this changed over time, and how it related to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the phenomenon of 19th-century nationalism more generally. The likes of Charles Dilke, J. A. Froude and J. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. Seeley make surprisingly brief appearances, yet it would be interesting to explore the relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between their ideas and the networks they spawned \(or vice versa, as the case may be\). More, too, could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(said about the way that settler colonies ?developed and defined ?Britishness? in their own distinctive ways? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 31\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 69.008 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 69.008 497.955 m 89.000 497.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 89.000 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( To what extent were these permutations rooted in \(or entirely incidental to\) divergent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives on the commercial and economic imperatives of being British? Magee and Thompson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasise ?how culture served to enhance economic integration, and how economic activity, in turn, served )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to enhance a sense of cultural interconnectedness? \(p. 44\) but on the whole they refrain from distinguishing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the chicken from the egg.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secondly, there is an inherent ? and perhaps insoluble ? tension around the role of the United States, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is crucial to the question of whether the British settler colonial world is deserving of its own discrete )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(category of analysis. To include the United States in the British World concept would tend to enhance the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument about the origins of globalisation, but at the same time it is disruptive of many key elements in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British World concept. The real problem, as Magee and Thompson demonstrate in impressive detail, is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the suit only partly fits. On the one hand, the United States appears as a model constituent of the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World economy, particularly as a destination for migrants, a major target of investment capital, and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reliable source of remittance payments.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 222.968 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 222.968 314.883 m 242.960 314.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 242.960 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( On each of these counts, the United States was part of the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethnically ?skewed distribution? of transoceanic traffic that characterised the British World, although this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may have been more a case of shared language than a sense of co-ethnicity \(another distinction worth further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study\). Yet the situation is entirely reversed when considering the United States as a market for British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exporting industries. Magee and Thompson underline that British goods had nowhere near the same ?non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(market advantages? in the United States as they enjoyed in the settler colonies; if anything, they were up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against non-market barriers. This was partly because the American consumer market was far less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homogenous ethnically \(with migrants from other European countries surpassing British arrivals by the close )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the century\), but more importantly because United States markets did not share the free trade philosophy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of their British counterparts. Clearly, the early achievement of separate \(Republican\) statehood placed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States in a different ? and inherently ambiguous ? relationship with the British World. This was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mirrored in the realm of culture and ideas, where the late-19th century saw the emergence of ?Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saxonism? as an ideological expression of the unity of the English-speaking peoples. But it lacked the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relative unanimity and reciprocity that characterised settler colonial appeals to the ?British race?. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting to note that Charles Dilke originally included the United States in his 1868 concept of ?Greater )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain?, but by the 1890s was compelled to revise his view on the grounds that their inclusion had never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really caught on.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 114.332 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 114.332 86.787 m 134.324 86.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, a word about where the story ends. For Magee and Thompson, ?this first wave of modern )] TJ ET endstream endobj 47 0 obj [45 0 R /Fit] endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 69.0077 498.2695 88.9997 510.1495 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 50 0 obj [45 0 R /Fit] endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 222.9677 315.1975 242.9597 327.0775 ] >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 53 0 obj [45 0 R /Fit] endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 55 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 114.3317 87.1015 134.3237 98.9815 ] >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R 70 0 R 72 0 R ] /Contents 57 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Length 10688 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(globalisation? came ?crashing down on the rocks of the war in Europe in 1914? \(p. 241\). This is because the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic misery of the post-war era saw the British world turn inwards, effectively becoming a barrier to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(globalisation. I would agree that there is little to sustain the idea of the British World as an engine room of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?first wave? globalisation beyond 1914. Yet there is every reason to see many of the key components and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characteristics of the British World surviving down to the 1960s. British migrants continued to choose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(destinations within the imperial fold; the dominion governments \(excluding Canada\) continued to hold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(massive reserves in Sterling, long past the point when this unambiguously served their economic interests; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ideas about a special relationship of trust continued to influence popular perceptions of commercial and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(financial dealings throughout the British World. One need only recall the cries of ?betrayal? that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reverberated around the world when the Macmillan government sought membership of the European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Economic Community in 1961, to recognise that these tangled sinews of culture and commerce were a long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time dying. In other words, )] TJ ET BT 170.672 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire and Globalisation )] TJ ET BT 299.012 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has far wider applications than the Victorian and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edwardian eras. It offers a rich table of food for thought that will influence future research agendas across a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of disciplines. It is also mercifully accessible, even to the most incurably innumerate. It is sure to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devoured and debated for years to come.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 561.987 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 531.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lance E. Davis and Robert A. Huttenback?s )] TJ ET BT 279.632 531.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mammon and the Pursuit of Empire: The Political )] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Economy of British Imperialism, 1860-1912 )] TJ ET BT 278.672 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1986\); P. J. Cain and A. G. Hopkins, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Imperialism: Innovation and Expansion 1688-1914)] TJ ET BT 346.340 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 369.668 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Imperialism: Crisis and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Deconstruction 1914-l990)] TJ ET BT 190.340 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1993\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 271.664 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 271.664 487.203 m 325.652 487.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 474.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A selection of the most prominent examples would include C. A. Bayly, )] TJ ET BT 413.660 474.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Birth of the Modern )] TJ ET BT 64.016 460.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World, 1780-)] TJ ET BT 128.012 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1914 \(Oxford, 2004\);)] TJ ET BT 233.996 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Darwin, )] TJ ET BT 301.652 460.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(After Tamerlane: The Global History of Empire )] TJ ET BT 64.016 445.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(since 1405)] TJ ET BT 115.676 445.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2007\); James Belich, )] TJ ET BT 269.996 445.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Replenishing the Earth: The Settler Revolution and the Rise )] TJ ET BT 64.016 431.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of the Anglo-World, 1783?1939 )] TJ ET BT 219.680 431.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2009\); )] TJ ET BT 298.664 431.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Globalization in World History)] TJ ET BT 449.012 431.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. A. G. Hopkins )] TJ ET BT 64.016 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2002\); Richard Drayton, )] TJ ET BT 231.992 417.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nature?s Government:)] TJ ET BT 345.308 417.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Science, Imperial Britain, and the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 403.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?Improvement? of the World)] TJ ET BT 202.328 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, CT, 2000\);)] TJ ET BT 327.968 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 388.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Drawing the Global Colour Line: White Men's Countries and the International Challenge of Racial )] TJ ET BT 64.016 374.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Equality)] TJ ET BT 104.684 374.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Melbourne, 2008\); )] TJ ET BT 204.668 374.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Moving Subjects: Gender, Mobility and Intimacy in an Age of Global )] TJ ET BT 64.016 360.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire)] TJ ET BT 99.344 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Tony Ballantyne and Antoinette Burton \(Champaign, IL, 2009\); )] TJ ET BT 433.316 360.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Transnational Lives: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 346.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Biographies of Global Modernity, 1700?Present)] TJ ET BT 297.008 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Desley Deacon, Penny Russell and Angela )] TJ ET BT 64.016 331.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woollacott Basingstoke \(Basingstoke, 2010\); )] TJ ET BT 285.008 331.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beyond Sovereignty: Britain, Empire and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 317.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Transnationalism, c.1880?1950)] TJ ET BT 217.028 317.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Kevin Grant, Philippa Levine and Frank Trentmann \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 303.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007\). These developments are not confined to studies of British imperialism, see for example )] TJ ET BT 64.016 289.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Das Kaiserreich Transnational: Deutschland in der Welt, 1871?1914 )] TJ ET BT 401.012 289.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Gttingen, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 490.004 289.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 490.004 287.619 m 543.992 287.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 274.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 274.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In particular A. G. Hopkins, )] TJ ET BT 201.992 274.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Globalization in World History)] TJ ET BT 352.340 274.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2002\); and )] TJ ET BT 457.328 274.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Global History: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 260.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Interactions Between the Universal and the Local)] TJ ET BT 302.660 260.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. A. G. Hopkins \(London, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 477.308 260.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 477.308 259.107 m 531.296 259.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 246.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 246.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Niall Ferguson, )] TJ ET BT 141.680 246.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire: How Britain made the Modern World)] TJ ET BT 364.328 246.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2003\), p. xxii.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 482.324 246.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 482.324 244.851 m 536.312 244.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 231.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 231.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Held in Cape Town \(2002\), Calgary \(2003\), Melbourne \(2004\), Auckland \(2005\) and Bristol \(2007\). )] TJ ET BT 64.016 217.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An earlier symposium was held at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies in London 1998.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 501.332 217.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 501.332 216.339 m 555.320 216.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 203.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 203.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See for example, P. A. Buckner, ?Was there a ?British? Empire? The Oxford History of the British )] TJ ET BT 64.016 189.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire from a Canadian perspective?, )] TJ ET BT 251.300 189.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Acadiensis)] TJ ET BT 303.296 189.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 32 \(2002\), 110?28.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 400.616 189.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 400.616 187.827 m 454.604 187.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 174.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 174.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carl Bridge and Kent Fedorowich, )] TJ ET BT 233.324 174.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British World: Diaspora, Culture and Identity)] TJ ET BT 475.664 174.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2003\); )] TJ ET BT 64.016 160.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P. A. Buckner and R. Douglas Francis, )] TJ ET BT 253.664 160.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rediscovering the British World)] TJ ET BT 408.656 160.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Calgary, 2005\); )] TJ ET BT 64.016 146.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britishness Abroad: Transnational Movements and Imperial Cultures)] TJ ET BT 398.684 146.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Kate Darian-Smith, Patricia )] TJ ET BT 64.016 132.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Grimshaw, Stuart Macintyre \(Melbourne, 2007\); Simon J. Potter, )] TJ ET BT 380.660 132.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(News and the British World: the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 117.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Emergence of an Imperial Press System)] TJ ET BT 255.644 117.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2003\); P.A. Buckner and Carl Bridge, ?Reinventing )] TJ ET BT 64.016 103.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British world?, )] TJ ET BT 156.680 103.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Round Table)] TJ ET BT 239.348 103.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 368 \(2003\), 77?88.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 336.668 103.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 336.668 102.291 m 390.656 102.291 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 89.434 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 89.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Belich, )] TJ ET BT 101.348 89.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Replenishing the Earth )] TJ ET BT 215.012 89.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2009\). Another prominent contender is John Darwin?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 75.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Empire Project: The Rise and Fall of the British World-System )] TJ ET BT 390.332 75.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 2009\), although he )] TJ ET BT 64.016 60.917 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too casts his net wider than the settler colonies.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 290.324 60.917 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 290.324 59.523 m 344.312 59.523 l S endstream endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 271.6637 487.5175 325.6517 499.3975 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 61 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 490.0037 287.9335 543.9917 299.8135 ] >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 477.3077 259.4215 531.2957 271.3015 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 65 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 482.3237 245.1655 536.3117 257.0455 ] >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 67 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 501.3317 216.6535 555.3197 228.5335 ] >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 69 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 400.6157 188.1415 454.6037 200.0215 ] >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 71 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 336.6677 102.6055 390.6557 114.4855 ] >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 73 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 290.3237 59.8375 344.3117 71.7175 ] >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 37 0 R >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 76 0 R 78 0 R 80 0 R 82 0 R 84 0 R 86 0 R 88 0 R ] /Contents 75 0 R >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Length 3980 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Discussed in Belich, )] TJ ET BT 165.344 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Replenishing the Earth)] TJ ET BT 276.008 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, pp. 5?9. The Anglospherist perspective can be found in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books and essays by James C. Bennett, )] TJ ET BT 254.336 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Anglosphere Challenge: Why the English-speaking )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nations will Lead the Way)] TJ ET BT 191.360 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Plymouth, 2007\); Robert Conquest, )] TJ ET BT 372.368 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reflections on a Ravaged Century )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1999\); and Andrew Roberts, )] TJ ET BT 250.988 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of the English-Speaking Peoples Since 1900)] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 738.051 m 196.328 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 725.194 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Formulated elsewhere as: ?Even English-speaking settlers who proclaimed their Britishness often )] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meant different things by it? \(p. 38\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 237.992 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 237.992 709.539 m 297.980 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 696.682 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although on this latter point Magee and Thompson surmise that American remittance flows were )] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often payments by settlers who intended to return ?home?, rather than a means of sustaining the deep )] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural and familial links between ?British? countries. See pp. 104?5.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 400.640 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 400.640 666.771 m 460.628 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 653.914 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles Dilke, )] TJ ET BT 136.340 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Greater Britain)] TJ ET BT 211.340 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1868\); and )] TJ ET BT 316.328 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Problems of Greater Britain)] TJ ET BT 452.660 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1890\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 638.259 m 124.004 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(EH.net)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://eh.net/book_reviews/empire-and-globalization-networks-people-goods-and-capital-british-world-c-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 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