%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 23 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141228032413+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141228032413+00'00') /Title (The Illustrated London News Historical Archive, 1842-2003) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5522 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Illustrated London News Historical Archive, 1842-2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If the debut of the )] TJ ET BT 122.996 373.115 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Illustrated London News)] TJ ET BT 241.676 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET BT 248.672 373.115 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 267.344 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) in May 1842 signalled ?a revolution in journalism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(news reporting?, as the introduction to this remarkable )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 298.976 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on-line collection)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 298.976 357.465 m 383.300 357.465 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 386.300 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 400.292 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( contends, there can be little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doubt that an equally revolutionary transformation has occurred over the course of the last 15 years with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development, expansion, and refinement of the digital archive, an electronic convulsion that is in the process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of altering radically both the practice and the object of periodicals research. As a graduate student in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 1990s writing a dissertation on national identity and word-image interplay in the first decade of the )] TJ ET BT 539.612 301.835 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, I spent the better part of my time and effort poring over the massive, bi-annually bound issues of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(original newspaper that sat in enticing neglect on the shelves of my university library, a nearly-complete and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well-preserved run that would have been a common enough acquisition for scholarly institutions across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain and North America in years gone by. By necessity, the manner of my scrutiny was desultory, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overwhelmed as I was by the sheer amount of printed material, by the seemingly unconstrained exuberance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the paper?s pictorial and textual coverage. I was further hampered by the lack of rationally organized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indexes to the vast majority of the 21 volumes I had committed myself to mastering, each comprising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(500?800 pages of densely-columned news and high-quality woodcuts ? an enterprise in unguided, delighted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absorption that brought me as close to a direct experience of Edmund Burke?s magnitudinal sublime as any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequent encounters with )] TJ ET BT 169.664 159.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(residuum Victoriana)] TJ ET BT 268.664 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In recent years those once readily-accessible volumes have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been making their way into the protective custody of special collections, away from the greasy hands, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unscrupulous lacerators, and uncontrolled atmospheres of the comparatively public stacks they occupied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(until their historical and cultural value was properly appreciated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If the tactile pleasures and attendant intellectual bewilderments derived from handling the bound )] TJ ET BT 500.936 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 519.608 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now lost to a majority of undergraduates and library flneurs, the loss is arguably more than made up for by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this new online archive, which offers users immediate access to the entire run \(161 years\) of the )] TJ ET BT 497.240 61.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 515.912 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. As its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 December, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Seth Cayley)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cengage Learning)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andover)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Sinnema)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 298.9757 357.7795 383.2997 369.6595 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://gale.cengage.co.uk/product-highlights/history/illustrated-london-news.aspx) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8628 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gale/Cengage Learning creators advertise, ?each page has been digitally reproduced in full colour and every )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(article and caption is full-text searchable with hit-term highlighting and links to corresponding illustrations?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given that the archive contains more than 7000 issues, some 260,000 pages, and in excess of 1.5 million )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colour facsimile images, this is no vain boast. Just as the )] TJ ET BT 308.336 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 327.008 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was in many respects a first ? the world?s first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regularly illustrated weekly, the first periodical to employ special war correspondents and illustrators, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first to publish colour supplements ? so this archive is the first to make this groundbreaking newspaper a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(globally searchable \(?easy ... digital format?; ?convenient 24/7 access?\) and hence meaningfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(contextualized)] TJ ET BT 103.340 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( resource. Thanks to the technical wonders of search highlighting, the keen student uninitiated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in either media theory or 19th-century social and cultural history can spend an hour online with the )] TJ ET BT 512.276 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archive and make more informed narrative and pictorial connections than the experienced researcher of yore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could hope to uncover in days of readerly labour. As Patrick Leary, founder of the wonderfully commodious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victoria Research Web puts it in his blurb for the )] TJ ET BT 273.980 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 292.652 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( HA, ?digitization holds out the promise of at last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unlocking the incomparable riches of this uniquely influential newspaper for researchers everywhere to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore?. The early, revolutionary nature of the now-defunct )] TJ ET BT 327.932 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 346.604 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( finds its ideal expression in the evolving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(praxis of the digital revolution; ?researchers everywhere? can come to an expeditious apprehension of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paper?s unprecedented multi-media format and the extraordinary scope of its reportage with, as they say, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(click of the button.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Well, of course it?s not quite that simple. The sweeping democratic promise heralded by Leary is checked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(somewhat by the fact that the )] TJ ET BT 177.992 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 196.664 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( archive is not available to individual subscribers ?at this stage?. Its current )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(users will need to log on via their institutional host, although Gale/Cengage anticipates a pay-per-view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(service in the future, presumably something along the lines of the existing agreement that allows archive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surfers to download and purchase )] TJ ET BT 198.308 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 216.980 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( images for commercial purposes from the conveniently-highlighted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Evans Picture Library. Once on the )] TJ ET BT 235.304 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 253.976 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s home page, readers are introduced to the periodical as ?a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pictorial chronicle of Britain and the world ... without parallel?. Its digitization frees researchers from having )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to travel to a library holding paper copies and removes the ?frustration of encountering damaged issues of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the paper?. Certainly the high quality of the archive?s reproductions ? of full pages, of individual engravings, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and increasingly common as the 20th century advanced, of photographs ? is striking, making negotiation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the site an ocular gratification. The advanced browse feature allows researchers to scan by issue, special )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issue, supplement, or contributor index, and both images and articles can be effortlessly disseminated for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(educational purposes as downloadable pdfs and e-mailable links. A notepad option and the capacity to save )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(searches across sessions allows users to personalize their time online, and the list of other handy search )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(features is a study in contemporary digital amenities: basic search; ?fuzzy? \(low, medium, high\) search; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advanced search by index types \(article title, keyword, entire document, caption, contributor, record )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number\); browse by issue, special issue, or contributor; citation generation; and search saves with the Gale )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(named user account.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For the curious amateur coming to the archive without a clear idea of where to start, the site offers some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful advice about categories central to the )] TJ ET BT 247.628 259.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 266.300 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s identity and reputation. Royalty, sport, fashion, transport, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disasters, travel, the arts, exploration, politics, war, science and technology ? all are covered in detail and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will reward the topic-specific searcher with a wealth of pictorial and textual substance. \(Prospective users )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will be interested to learn from the archive?s sample keyword search page that the top three hits aside from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countries and continents are ?hair? [3632], ?steam? [916], and ?motor show? [648]. The next three runners-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up are ?dress? [575], ?fashion? [478], and ?industry? [410]. ?Telegraph? earns sixth position with 397 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(results. The newspaper was obviously and strenuously marketed toward both sexes, a fact not directly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addressed in the archive?s introductory materials.\) Both the dilettante and the serious historian will benefit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from perusing the site?s recommended topics related to the various precedents and innovations for which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 52.688 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was justifiably celebrated in the Victorian era. The 1855 Christmas issue, for example, contained the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first colour pictures ever printed in a British newspaper. In turn, the )] TJ ET BT 361.292 116.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 379.964 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( reported on the first steam omnibus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first letterbox in London, and was the first paper to cover the laying of the transatlantic cable with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of fine engravings produced from the drawings of a special artist travelling aboard the Great Eastern. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other notable events of the 19th century that provided the )] TJ ET BT 314.636 73.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 333.308 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( with an opportunity to boost sales through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed pictorial coverage and to cement its prestige as a truly international publication include the French )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 9331 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolution of 1848, the Great Exhibition of 1851, the Duke of Wellington?s funeral in 1852, the Paris )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(International Exhibition of 1867, and the 1896 conflict in the Transvaal. Grand public affairs and happenings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as these typically resulted in the )] TJ ET BT 215.660 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 234.332 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( producing special issues, some )] TJ ET BT 388.316 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(gratis)] TJ ET BT 416.324 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( but most at extra cost to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supplement its normal 16-page format and bump up already impressive profit margins: the archive allows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for specialized searches of all of these issues, with titles such as ?Napoleon: Visit to England? \(1855\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Imperial Russia: Her Power and her Progress? \(1914\), ?Munich Crisis? \(1938\), ?Royal Visit to Canada and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the USA? \(1957\), and )] TJ ET BT 154.664 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 160.664 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer?)] TJ ET BT 420.596 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1981\).)] TJ ET BT 455.588 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given the richness of its content, the quality of its illustrations, and the calibre of its writers ? Charles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dickens, Robert Louis Stevenson, Thomas Hardy, Rudyard Kipling, Henry James, and Agatha Christie were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all contributors ? it is little wonder that the )] TJ ET BT 241.676 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 260.348 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is here vaunted as ?a unique resource for social, cultural and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political history?, an unrivalled treasury that will ?support studies in media history, Victorian history, 19th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century history, family history and local history?. With these quite accurate claims, however, the archive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actively promotes an understanding of the )] TJ ET BT 238.652 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 257.324 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as an untroubled information mine standing by for extraction. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rather than situating the newspaper within what Brian Maidment 20 years ago called the ?generic issues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specific to periodicals ? the complex mediations ... of editorial policy, wood engraving technique, readership )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(definition, sales figures, distribution patterns and finance? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 315.644 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 315.644 569.235 m 329.636 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 329.636 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the site?s inventors relegate such critical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matters to the as-yet underdeveloped ?Research Tools? link, which contains two excellent but brief essays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the )] TJ ET BT 66.680 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 85.352 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s early history by none other than Leary and Maidment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The former?s piece impresses upon today?s reader the ?electric, transforming? impact the )] TJ ET BT 467.564 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 486.236 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?combination of )] TJ ET BT 115.340 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(news)] TJ ET BT 139.340 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( with )] TJ ET BT 166.676 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(images)] TJ ET BT 200.672 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? would have made on the early Victorians. Leary recounts in detail the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story of Herbert Ingram, one-time printer and hawker of quack medicine, who was inspired by the success of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Weekly Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 137.324 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s pictorial coverage of the Greenacre murder trial in 1837 to start up a topical, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectable newspaper that would, in the words of its first number, ?keep continually before the eye of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world a living and moving panorama of all its actions and influences?. Selling a phenomenal 26,000 copies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this issue portended the tremendous success that met the )] TJ ET BT 307.652 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 326.324 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in its first decades: the paper sold 100,000 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(copies in the week the Great Exhibition opened, thanks to its lavish advocacy in the preceding months of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph Paxton?s design for what quickly became known as the Crystal Palace. In 1862, under the editorship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Charles Mackay and in response to its coverage of the Prince of Wales? wedding, the )] TJ ET BT 459.584 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 478.256 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was selling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(300,000 copies a week. Leary provides a good sense of the complexities and scale of a paper that relied on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(huge stable of artists, correspondents, and columnists, both in-house and under contract throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world, to produce the large numbers of wood engravings and articles required by an illustrated weekly, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes his essay with an astute observation that Maidment fleshes out more fully: ?Never a simple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?reflection? of its times or of public attitudes, the paper was deeply involved in shaping both?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maidment opens his article by noting the happy synergies that occurred between emergent mass-print )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technologies and rapidly-evolving readers? markets that enabled the appearance of the )] TJ ET BT 451.568 275.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 470.240 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Wood engraving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-Bewick, ?as a relief method of print making, where the white areas were cut away from the surface of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(box-wood block and the image thus printed off the remaining inked surface of the block?, had a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inestimable advantages over other methods of illustrative mass reproduction: wood blocks could sustain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many thousands of imprints without degradation; they were quickly and relatively cheaply produced, if also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour intensive; and they could be neatly combined with text on steam presses, to the point that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrations ?writhe about the page or else dominate and bully the surrounding text into compressed and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unexpected columnular shapes?. Maidment?s exposition on the early 19th-century history of wood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engraving as not only a ?didactic and decorative medium? but also as a seemingly ?unproblematic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(triumphantly naturalistic? form of visual representation with increasingly broad appeal is particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminating. Priced at 6d., the )] TJ ET BT 182.684 133.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 201.356 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s popularity as a purveyor of highly finished and profuse engravings was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nevertheless largely limited to members of the sophisticated, distinctly respectable classes who could afford )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so expensive a paper. As Maidment emphasizes, the )] TJ ET BT 287.300 104.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 305.972 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s claims to imagistic truth and accuracy must be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(balanced by a recognition of the paper?s pictorial reliance on other, established aesthetic modes: melodrama )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and caricature are as much a part of the )] TJ ET BT 225.608 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 244.280 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s repertoire as gritty social realism: ?the wood engravings in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 52.688 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( do not inevitably disclose themselves as naturalistic in method or reportage in mode ?they need to be )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 315.6437 569.5495 329.6357 581.4295 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 5046 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read in all their variety?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maidment?s and Leary?s articles could be helpfully supplemented with a bibliography of scholarly and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical works directly concerning the )] TJ ET BT 227.648 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 246.320 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and perhaps with extracts from some of them. My own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dynamics of the Pictured Page: Representing the Nation in the Illustrated London News)] TJ ET BT 459.332 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1998\) comes to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mind, as does Christopher Hibbert?s )] TJ ET BT 212.000 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Illustrated London News: Social History of Victorian Britain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1975\) and Gerry Beegan?s more recent )] TJ ET BT 229.280 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Mass Image: A Social History of Photomechanical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reproduction in Victorian London)] TJ ET BT 199.688 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 237.680 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 237.680 697.539 m 251.672 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 251.672 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Mason Jackson, who worked as an engraver for the )] TJ ET BT 503.936 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 522.608 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published a useful book on )] TJ ET BT 166.340 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pictorial Press: Its Origin and Progress)] TJ ET BT 381.008 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1885 that could be reproduced in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole or part by the )] TJ ET BT 133.664 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ILN)] TJ ET BT 152.336 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( archive without any copyright hassles. Inclusion of such background materials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would add to the comprehensiveness of an already outstanding digital resource.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.267 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 590.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(B. E. Maidment, ?Victorian Periodicals and Academic Research?, in )] TJ ET BT 396.284 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Investigating Victorian )] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journalism)] TJ ET BT 118.016 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Laurel Brake, Aled Jones and Lionel Madden \(London, 1990\), p. 144.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 477.620 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 477.620 574.995 m 531.608 574.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 562.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Sinnema, )] TJ ET BT 139.676 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dynamics of the Pictured Page: Representing the Nation in the Illustrated London )] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(News)] TJ ET BT 90.020 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Brookfield, VT, 1998\); Christopher Hibbert, )] TJ ET BT 313.664 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Illustrated London News: Social History of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Victorian Britain)] TJ ET BT 146.360 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1975\); Gerry Beegan, )] TJ ET BT 303.992 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Mass Image: A Social History of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Photomechanical Reproduction in Victorian London)] TJ ET BT 316.676 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 398.000 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 398.000 517.971 m 451.988 517.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors are happy to accept this review and do not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 466.853 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 452.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 438.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2010/apr/15/illustrated-london-news-archive-online)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 436.947 m 447.632 436.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 450.632 438.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 433.615 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 415.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 415.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1002)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 414.441 m 328.316 414.441 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 389.464 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.064 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5144)] TJ ET BT 34.016 360.664 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://gale.cengage.co.uk/product-highlights/history/illustrated-london-news.aspx)] TJ ET BT 34.016 346.264 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2010/apr/15/illustrated-london-news-archive-online)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 237.6797 697.8535 251.6717 709.7335 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 477.6197 575.3095 531.6077 587.1895 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 397.9997 518.2855 451.9877 530.1655 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 437.2615 447.6317 449.1415 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2010/apr/15/illustrated-london-news-archive-online) >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 414.7555 328.3157 426.6355 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1002) >> endobj xref 0 36 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000560 00000 n 0000000649 00000 n 0000006223 00000 n 0000006332 00000 n 0000006442 00000 n 0000006551 00000 n 0000010112 00000 n 0000010240 00000 n 0000010324 00000 n 0000010452 00000 n 0000010585 00000 n 0000010650 00000 n 0000019331 00000 n 0000019415 00000 n 0000028799 00000 n 0000028829 00000 n 0000028957 00000 n 0000028993 00000 n 0000029105 00000 n 0000034204 00000 n 0000034234 00000 n 0000034362 00000 n 0000034398 00000 n 0000034526 00000 n 0000034581 00000 n 0000034709 00000 n 0000034764 00000 n 0000034891 00000 n 0000035025 00000 n 0000035153 00000 n trailer << /Size 36 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35249 %%EOF