%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818104144+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818104144+01'00') /Title (Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales: Life, Death and Commemoration) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4683 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales: Life, Death and Commemoration)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tudor scholars and enthusiasts alike marked a significant anniversary on 21 April 2009: the quincentenary of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII?s accession to the English throne.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 252.968 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 252.968 257.673 m 266.960 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 266.960 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( While this historical milestone highlights Henry VIII?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seemingly unassailable position in England?s national consciousness and its romantic imagination, it also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marked the conclusion of an equally important ? but perhaps overlooked ? reign in Tudor historiography. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gordon Marsden has recently argued, we ought to spare a thought for Henry Tudor, the ?miracle king?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without whom the cult of Henry VIII would not have been possible.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 359.972 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 359.972 200.649 m 373.964 200.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 373.964 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Within this reign, we find the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?forgotten prince?: Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, the subject of this collection of essays edited by Steven )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gunn and Linda Monckton. Seven years prior to this anniversary, on the afternoon of Thursday 2 May 2002, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a simple wooden coffin made its way in procession from Ludlow Castle towards Worcester Cathedral as part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a re-enactment of Prince Arthur?s funeral. The intention of this event, the ?brainchild? of the late Iain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacKenzie, Canon Residentiary of Worcester Cathedral \(to whom this book is dedicated\), was to mark the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quincentenary of Arthur?s death and to raise awareness of his life. This book, essentially the proceedings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an associated conference, offers ten chapters from authors from a range of historical disciplines: art, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architectural, political and archaeological. This interdisciplinary approach is perhaps best exemplified in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters six to nine which investigate the iconography, archaeology, architecture and contextual significance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Arthur?s tomb and chantry chapel at Worcester Cathedral. Chapters five and ten address Arthur?s funeral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 December, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steven Gunn)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Linda Monckton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781843834809)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(214pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boydell and Brewer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodbridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Lambe)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 252.9677 257.9875 266.9597 269.8675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 359.9717 200.9635 373.9637 212.8435 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7448 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself, while the first couple of chapters contextualise Prince Arthur?s life and political career before chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three and four discuss the art, poetry and iconography relating to Prince Arthur. On its sleeve, the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims to be ?richly illustrated? which is something of an understatement in every sense. Not only is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(richness of scholarship evident, but the accompanying images number no fewer than ten colour and 55 black )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and white plates.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gunn and Monckton?s introduction highlights two of the key themes within the book: Arthur?s public and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(private life, from the intensely personal to ostentatious ceremonial. Indeed, the book suggests that it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps Henry VII?s moments of calculated ceremony and strategic concealment that resulted in Arthur?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?forgotten? status. Gunn then opens proceedings with his own contribution, ?Prince Arthur?s preparation for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kingship?, which, rather than opting for a counter-factual examination of what sort of king Arthur Tudor was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likely to have been, explores Henry VII?s political influence on his son and the courtly culture and society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around him. This includes surveying the education received by the young prince, from his time in nursery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under the watchful eye of Lady Elizabeth Darcy to his more sophisticated tutorials with John Rede, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(renowned intellectual. Indeed, Arthur?s personal curriculum, covering classics, languages, martial virtues, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(music and poetry, was held in such high regard that the likes of Thomas Linacre came in search of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employment, albeit unsuccessfully. For Gunn, however, Arthur?s most profitable education came from his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time spent in Ludlow where he learnt the practicalities of kingship. Gunn spends a large chunk of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter highlighting Arthur?s learned \(or perhaps inherited\) ability to reward those most loyal to him to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(create a royal ?affinity?. For example, Sir Thomas Englefield, Robert Frost, Sir Richard Pole, Thomas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Poyntz, William Smith, bishop of Lincoln, and Sir William Uvedale were installed as councillors on gaol )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(delivery commissions for Shropshire and Herefordshire, both regions being within Arthur?s sphere of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political influence \(pp. 11?3\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the second essay, ?The King of Spain?s daughter came to visit me: marriage, princes and politics?, Ian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arthurson provides an engaging revisionist approach to the negotiations and diplomatic discourse around )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arthur?s marriage to Katherine of Aragon. Despite a slightly choppy ride across the fast-moving rapids of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical narrative in the opening stages, Arthurson?s contribution soon takes shape and suggests that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglocentric historians view these negotiations through the ?wrong end of the telescope?, thereby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overstating the importance of Henry VII?s role. Indeed, when placed in a wider European context, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?events in England reflect the playing out of Spanish diplomacy in Italy?, particularly in relation to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Breton Wars \(1485?91\) and the Italian Wars \(1494?1504\) \(p. 22\). Arthurson reminds us that Ferdinand and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Isabella had far more experience in such affairs than Henry, detailing earlier negotiations with Edward IV )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over an unsuccessful marital alliance between the future Edward V and the Infanta Isabel and the subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(smoothing over of Anglo-Spanish tensions with Richard III as Isabella?s ?good and faithful kinsman? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(24\). After establishing a chronology to explain the political machinations and tactical delays prior to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage, Arthurson concludes by stressing the importance of portraiture in marital and diplomatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negotiations. This leads conveniently to Frederick Hepburn?s contribution, ?The portraiture of Prince Arthur )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Katherine of Aragon?. This chapter offers a refrain of the book?s recurring themes of display and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(privacy, its purpose being, as outlined by Hepburn, to establish what Katherine and Arthur looked like and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore the use and meaning of such portraiture. Hepburn initially surveys three images of Arthur: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Magnificat Window)] TJ ET BT 129.020 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the priory church at Great Malvern, Worcestershire, a frontispiece to a book of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ordinances and, lastly, a panel painting of Arthur and his family kneeling in prayer. For Hepburn, these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples demonstrate that the purpose of such images was to ?function as emblems of souls? \(p. 33\) rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than to display an actual physical likeness, although Hepburn also examines a panel painting which does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempt to present a likeness of Arthur \(featured on the cover of the book\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This contribution, however, offers a rather unbalanced appraisal of this aspect of royal portraiture, for Arthur )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is explored in relative depth \(over approximately seven pages\) while Katherine receives minimal coverage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(about two pages\). While the author does explain that portraiture of Katherine is limited, it might perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been advisable to revise the title of the chapter to its focus: Prince Arthur. There seems to be a further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flaw in Hepburn?s contribution. Hepburn suggests that a rather ambiguous looking portrait of an unknown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sitter in the Royal Collection portrays Arthur rather than his younger brother, the future Henry VIII, as )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7510 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commonly assumed. Hepburn draws this conclusion by comparing the unknown sitter \(c.1515?20\), an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identified panel portrait of Arthur \(c.1515?20\) and a confirmed panel portrait of Henry \(c. 1515?18\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrasting the placing of the sitter, the pose of the hands, the black cord around the sitter?s neck and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similarity of eye shape. While Hepburn argues with conviction, I am not convinced due to the disparity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(size of the portraits, the headwear \(the unknown sitter is wearing a near identical hat to that donned by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry in his portrait\), the similarity of hand posture \(the unknown sitter adopts the same pose as that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII\), the size and shape of face of the unknown sitter and the shape of the sitter?s nose, which seem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to bear more resemblance to Henry. Hepburn also suggests that the necklace in the ?unknown? portrait has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more in common with the panel portrait of Arthur. However, the portrait of Henry is almost identical and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not necessarily suggest a definitive conclusion one way or the other. Moreover, the unknown sitter is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adorned by a chain which is very similar to that of the panel portrait of Henry. While all this could simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amount to a cunning piece of Tudor propaganda, the portrait seems more likely to be Henry than Arthur.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The next chapter continues the theme of the image as John Morgan-Guy discusses ?Arthur, Harri Tudor and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the iconography of loyalty in Wales?. Morgan-Guy?s chapter focuses primarily on the building work and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(iconography of Sir Rhys ap Thomas in his seat of power in south Wales, but also explores Tudor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(iconography more generally in Wales \(particularly the Prince of Wales?s feathers, the pomegranate of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Katherine of Aragon and the ubiquitous Tudor rose\) including the choir stalls at nearby St David?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cathedral, Aberconwy abbey church in Caernarfonshire and the Benedictine priory at Abergavenny. Having )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gained the trust of the king at Bosworth by furnishing him with some 1,800 men from Carmarthenshire and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ceredigion, Morgan-Guy explains the significance of Sir Rhys ap Thomas?s extensive building work after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1485 at Llanwenog Church, Ceredigion. This church contains iconography dedicated to Henry VII, Prince )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arthur and Katherine of Aragon, including the portcullis badge of the Beauforts above the west door, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?proclamation of the loyalty of the Welsh to the Tudor family? \(p. 50\). Moreover, Morgan-Guy points out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Sir Rhys?s son, Gruffydd, a member of Arthur?s household, and the prince were so close that when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gruffydd died in 1521, he was buried just a short distance from Arthur. For Morgan-Guy, this clear link )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Sir Rhys?s family and the Tudors explains the building work at Carew Castle which incorporated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the arms of Arthur and Katherine over the porch, the suggestion being that Sir Rhys was preparing the castle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to house the newlyweds on their journey through Wales. The chapter concludes by exploring the reciprocal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(loyalty between Henry VII and Wales. While his Welsh subjects were installing Tudor iconography and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visual expressions of loyalty, Henry Tudor was ?not unmindful of Wales?, commissioning Sir Rhys ap )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas to create a new tomb for his father, Edmund Tudor, earl of Richmond, which would sit in the church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Greyfriars at Carmarthen, later removed to St David?s Cathedral. Sir Rhys himself was laid to rest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(near to Edmund Tudor?s tomb, just as his own son had been positioned near the tomb of Prince Arthur.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ralph Houlbrooke then deals with the sobering subject of ?Prince Arthur?s funeral?. This chapter, based on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a narrative account by John Writhe, Garter King of Arms, and extant financial accounts of the funeral, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outlines a narrative of events covering Arthur?s premature death on 2 April 1502, the general procession in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London six days later, the placing of Arthur?s body at Ludlow Castle on St George?s Day and the removal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of his body from Ludlow to Worcester Cathedral. This route, as noted by Houlbrooke, was significant as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arthur?s body may have stayed overnight at Tickenhall, the site of the young prince?s proxy marriage to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Katherine just three years earlier. With Arthur?s funeral comes the return of public ceremonial and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capacity to provide an opportunity for the political elite to participate in a display of political allegiance. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, perhaps the most important feature of Houlbrooke?s research is the comparison between Arthur?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(funeral and those of his royal contemporaries. Houlbrooke explores the funerals of Prince Henry in 1511, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland in 1489 and Elizabeth of York in 1503, the last of which being the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?most elaborate and costly of Henry?s reign? at which the black cloth alone cost 1,483 15s 10d \(pp. 70?1\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Houlbrooke concludes that while Arthur?s funeral was indeed lavish, it was by no means the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ostentatious. Indeed, Houlbrooke makes the interesting point that Arthur?s infant nephew, Prince Henry, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given a funeral not far short of Arthur?s in terms of expense and display. While the chapter opens in a rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clinical tone, Houlbrooke closes with a touching reflection on the ?pain and loss? that Henry VII must have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(felt as he lost four of his children and his wife in a short space of time.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7427 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After Houlbroke?s narrative of Arthur?s funeral, chapters six to nine offer a guided tour around Arthur?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tomb and chantry chapel, starting with Mark Duffy?s chapter which contextualises Prince Arthur?s funerary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monuments at Worcester Cathedral. However, as it progresses, Duffy?s chapter develops the feel of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction to the second half of the book. Indeed, it soon feels as though the book could easily have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divided into two separate volumes: historical analysis and architectural examination. If this was the case, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier chapters, which had a rather truncated feel at times, may have been afforded an extended word length )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and could have been allowed to explore the life of the prince in greater detail. In particular, Ian Arthurson?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and John Morgan-Guy?s complex contributions may not have been quite so curtailed. However, that is not to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dismiss the quality of research. In ?Prince Arthur?s chapel and tomb: an archaeological analysis?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Guy and John Hunter offer more than just a detailed description of the location, appearance and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(style of Arthur?s chantry chapel. The authors provide a technical archaeological assessment of the tomb, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapel and its surroundings through six distinct sections: Arthur?s location; the tombs of Bishop Godfrey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Giffard and his sister, Matilda; the structure of the chapel itself; the floor; the undecorated east end and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?squint? in the south west corner rather then the conventional north east. One of the most keenly stressed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points \(it must be said, to the point of repetition\) in the second half of the book is that a lack of documentary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence relating to the creation of Arthur?s chantry chapel has caused ?problems of interpretation? \(p. 90\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s co-editor, Linda Monckton, then moves the path of discussion from the archaeological to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architectural in her ?Regional architecture or national monument? The architecture of Prince Arthur?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chantry chapel?. Monckton offers further context and comparison, before moving on to address memorial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?fashions? in a wider historical context and their ?reinvention? in contrast to the technical assessment in Guy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Hunter?s conclusion. Nonetheless, Guy and Hunter agree with Monckton?s theory that Arthur?s chantry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapel was positioned in the space left behind by the removal of the tombs of Bishop Giffard and his sister, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matilda. Monckton also notes that while there are precedents for the removal of chantry chapels to make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way for other chapels, Arthur?s stone cage style itself was unique among its royal equivalents, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monckton stresses that the complexity of the site necessitated an ingenuity of design to accommodate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uneven floor levels on each side. In terms of the construction of the chapel, Monckton argues that Arthur?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tomb was ?a royal commission, but delegated locally? to masons from the Midlands and West Country. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monckton makes such a conclusion given the similarity in structure, design and iconography with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beauchamp family monuments which ?proved highly influential in the late middle ages? \(p. 131\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To support Monckton?s contribution, Phillip Lindley offers a much needed assessment of the figures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporated into Arthur?s chapel in his ?Worcester and Westminster: the figure-sculpture of Prince )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arthur?s chapel?. Lindley opens by explaining that Arthur?s figure-sculpture is significant for three main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasons: its survival, the ability to identify the majority of its figures and because Arthur?s chapel is seen, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps unfairly, as a ?dress rehearsal? for Henry VII?s chapel in Westminster Abbey. After outlining the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(iconography and addressing the iconoclasm of the 16th and 17th centuries, the chapter offers a comparative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessment of the sculpture work on the chapels at the two cathedrals. While there is discussion throughout )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book about the possible completion date of Arthur?s chapel, Lindley suggests that the two chapels were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary. However, Lindley suggests not only that the Worcester design was not that of a royal master )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mason, but that the execution of the figure-sculpture plan was ?not carefully supervised? \(p. 160\). Moreover, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while Monckton suggests the tomb was constructed locally by royal commission, Lindley argues that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(master mason responsible for the figure-sculpture hailed from London and, significantly, ?both projects were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underway at the same time? \(p. 162\). In keeping with much of the rest of this book, Lindley includes an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremely helpful visual aid to assist the discussion in the shape of a diagram showing the position and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identities of the figure-sculptures \(pp. 145?7\). However, there are insufficient images of figure-sculpture at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Westminster to allow a true visual comparison to be made.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Julian Litten concludes with an engrossing account of ?The re-enactment of the funeral of Prince Arthur?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(composed in a narrative and reflective style which makes for a refreshing break from the comprehensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archaeological and architectural analysis which immediately precedes it. While the chapter has the feeling of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an epilogue, it adds significantly more information to Houlbrooke?s earlier exploration of Arthur?s funeral, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 4374 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revisiting the financial and narrative accounts to explore the practical and logistical implications of such an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(event. However, one slight irritation is the minimal inclusion of images to accompany Litten?s contribution; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for a book so rich in visual accompaniment, there are only four pictures to illustrate the re-enactment. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nitpicking aside, Gunn and Monckton have created a monograph rich in detail which offers a satisfying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(level of interdisciplinary scholarship and one which succeeds in its purpose: to remember Prince Arthur, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?forgotten prince?. It must be no coincidence that the editors published this book in the same year as Henry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(VIII?s quincentenary: Gunn also featured in a special edition of )] TJ ET BT 342.608 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Research)] TJ ET BT 438.932 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to celebrate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?alternative? quincentennary of Henry VII.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 240.944 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 240.944 695.283 m 254.936 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 254.936 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Perhaps this book will mark a new direction in Tudor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship towards not only the life of Prince Arthur, but the early Tudor period more generally. What )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(better legacy for a book seeking to commemorate a ?forgotten prince??)] TJ ET BT 34.016 633.267 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 602.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, the )] TJ ET BT 148.004 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII and the Tudor Court)] TJ ET BT 302.324 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( conference held at Hampton Court Palace, 13?15 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(July 2009.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 114.020 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 114.020 586.995 m 168.008 586.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 574.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gordon Marsden, ?Henry VII: miracle king?, )] TJ ET BT 284.624 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History Today)] TJ ET BT 353.624 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 59, 3 \(March 2009\), 54?60.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 491.264 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 491.264 572.739 m 545.252 572.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 559.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steven Gunn, ?Politic history, new monarchy and state formation: Henry VII in European )] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective?, )] TJ ET BT 129.992 545.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Research)] TJ ET BT 226.316 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 82, 217 \(August 2009\), 380?92.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 385.304 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 385.304 544.227 m 439.292 544.227 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 519.365 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History Today)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historytoday.com/blog/news-blog/kathryn-hadley/what-if-arthur-prince-wales-had-been-king)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 489.459 m 538.592 489.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 541.592 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 486.127 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 468.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 468.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1006)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 466.953 m 328.316 466.953 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 441.976 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.576 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5166)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.176 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.historytoday.com/blog/news-blog/kathryn-hadley/what-if-arthur-prince-wales-had-been-king)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 240.9437 695.5975 254.9357 707.4775 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 114.0197 587.3095 168.0077 599.1895 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 491.2637 573.0535 545.2517 584.9335 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 385.3037 544.5415 439.2917 556.4215 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 489.7735 538.5917 501.6535 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historytoday.com/blog/news-blog/kathryn-hadley/what-if-arthur-prince-wales-had-been-king) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 467.2675 328.3157 479.1475 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1006) >> endobj xref 0 41 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000570 00000 n 0000000666 00000 n 0000005401 00000 n 0000005510 00000 n 0000005620 00000 n 0000005729 00000 n 0000009290 00000 n 0000009418 00000 n 0000009502 00000 n 0000009531 00000 n 0000009659 00000 n 0000009695 00000 n 0000009724 00000 n 0000009852 00000 n 0000009888 00000 n 0000009953 00000 n 0000017454 00000 n 0000017519 00000 n 0000025082 00000 n 0000025147 00000 n 0000032627 00000 n 0000032746 00000 n 0000037173 00000 n 0000037203 00000 n 0000037331 00000 n 0000037367 00000 n 0000037495 00000 n 0000037550 00000 n 0000037678 00000 n 0000037733 00000 n 0000037861 00000 n 0000037916 00000 n 0000038043 00000 n 0000038194 00000 n 0000038322 00000 n trailer << /Size 41 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 38418 %%EOF