%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140917044540+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140917044540+01'00') /Title (The Scottish Nation, 1700-2000) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4736 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Scottish Nation, 1700-2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For at least the first half of the twentieth century, Scottish history could be said to have stopped in 1707. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of the Scottish nation was the history of Bruce, Wallace and the Douglases; of knights in armour, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cross-border warfare and corrupt priests. Only with the second half of the twentieth century has greater effort )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been made to address the modern Scottish nation and to see it as a vibrant and vital entity from the beginning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the eighteenth century to the present day. Scotland has been examined not just as a nation state but as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant part of the British Isles, the British Empire and the world as a whole. A major part of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increased level of scholarship has occurred in the past decade and is focused on new centres of excellence as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as more traditional venues. Professor Devine has been at the forefront of the reappraisal and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(renaissance. To take on a project such as 'The Scottish Nation' is a daunting and challenging task, but one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fitting for a historian of his stature.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is extremely difficult to write a general history of a nation. To attempt to cover, in a new and refreshing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way, even three hundred years of Scotland's most recent past is an endeavour that has to be applauded and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commended. In his most recent work, Professor Devine, of the Centre for Scottish and Irish History at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Aberdeen, sets out 'to present a coherent account ofScotland's past with the hope of developing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a better understanding of the Scottish present'. It is a grand aim and, in places, is has been clearly and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expertly accomplished. Devine attempts to synthesise a considerable amount of recent research in order to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(better understand the last three hundred years of the Scottish Nation. Parts two and three of the volume - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dealing with nearly two hundred years between 1760 and 1939 - have some of the most invigorating and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lucid historical writing of the past decade. That 'The Scottish Nation' is a book which ultimately fails to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convince the reader is partly due to an unconfident part one \(1700-1760\), and partly due to a disappointing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part four \(1939-2000\). This is not entirely the fault of the author - he concentrates on his areas of speciality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the areas of speciality of recent research. As a result, huge emphasis is placed on the development of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(101)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 May, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tom Devine)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Viking)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York, NY)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robin Macpherson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7549 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(west of Scotland and large sections of the physical Scottish Nation are left neglected or ignored.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Devine himself admits that the first part of the volume \(dealing with the period 1700-1760\) is not the 'core' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the book. It is an introduction to his main subject matter and, as such, it suffers from the problems of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many such broad surveys of the early eighteenth century. In reality, this part of the book was written thirty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years ago - its )] TJ ET BT 104.000 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(foci)] TJ ET BT 122.000 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and interpretations have all been seen before and, in many cases, been seen in more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convincing manner. For example, to say Robert Burns 'waxed eloquent' on the theme of Britain in his 'Ode )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to George Washington's Birthday' \(a poem which finished 'But while we sing God Save the King/We'll ne'er )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forget the people'\) is perhaps indicative of an agenda slightly at odds with some of the available evidence. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Devine's broad sweep of, perhaps, the most difficult sixty year period in Scotland's history is solid and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional but omits the particular and the problematic. The Scotland the reader is presented with is narrow, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predictable, lowland, elitist and dominated by the central belt. There is no consideration of the central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Highland economy, let alone the northern isles \(finally shaking off their Norse heritage\), Caithness, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sutherland or even lowland Morayshire \(where Gaelic was being ousted from everyday use just as Scots was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being replaced in the lowland usage\). While there are many valuable issues raised and illuminated, points are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made concerning some situations - such as the comparative decline in the populations and industrial base of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aberdeen and Dundee - which suffer without any great attempt to analyse the context and the lasting effect. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Comments are made concerning the Scottish church \(such as the existence of 900 post-union parishes\) which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neatly mask more difficult questions \(why only 900 when, pre-reformation \(1560\), there had been 1100? - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nearly a twenty per cent decline\). Similarly, in the chapter on the Kirk, there is plenty on the expected areas - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discipline, education, structure and schism - but one glaring aspect appears to be missing, the area of faith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and belief.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout the first part of the volume, Professor Devine answers questions which have been answered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many times before but fails to address questions which, perhaps, could have merited with detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration. In economic areas, who were the entrepreneurs and who were the investors in post-union )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland? Were they all, or predominantly, Scottish in origin? How easily did the rural dispossessed acquire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different skills in the newly urbanised world? How did the populace spend their time? Was Scotland the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural desert Devine would have us believe \(through omission of any serious discussion of this area at all\)? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another slight concern is that, in a volume aimed at 'a wider public audience', Devine relies on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable amount of assumed knowledge during the first part of the book. As a minor example, when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussing the 1715 Jacobite Rebellion, he fails to mention that Queen Anne \(the last Stuart monarch\) had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(died the previous year and had been succeeded by a representative of the German House of Hanover. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decease of the last representative of the royal House of Stewart \(ruling monarchs since the fourteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century\) surely merits some discussion in the history of the 'Scottish Nation' - for the political and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutional ramifications if not for its own sake.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second part of the book \(dealing with the period 1760-1830\) is Professor Devine at his most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comfortable and most accomplished. His easy style confidently links political developments to economic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military and population changes. Throughout most of the second part of the volume there is clear analysis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behind the changes and consideration of the long-term implications these changes have on both the Scottish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation and the Scottish psyche. The treatment of the period is fresh and balanced dealing with each of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major themes of the later eighteenth century in turn. For example, the chapter on agrarian change \(a topic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each Scottish schoolchild knows and dreads\) is an excellent analysis of not only the changes in the physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landscape but the continuities from the earlier changes undertaken by far-seeing landlords. The chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expertly ranges from Man's relationship to his environment through increased crop yields to the ceiling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mouldings on the houses of the newly financially empowered middle classes. Devine's consideration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social dislocation is unparalleled and his continual stress not on the changes themselves but on the overall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pace of change make the chapter exhilarating as well as informative. Throughout, English and Imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contexts are borne in mind and the mounting pressures facing the Scottish Nation is expertly described and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysed. This expert treatment is carried on into later chapters, for example, on urbanisation. Here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion ranges across the border mill towns, through the rapidly industrialising central heart of Scotland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the linen towns of Angus and beyond to the market towns of the north and the north-east. The dangers of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7509 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an urban economy - over-crowding, poor sanitation, poverty, poor health, disease and mortality - are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrated in a clear and uncomplicated fashion. The fact that the Scottish urban societies often retained strong )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(links with their rural hinterland and often retained a collective mind-set with non-urbanised sections of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community is a point well made and worth remembering.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Worryingly, there are still a few problems in the section. Even in the best chapter on urbanisation, there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little discussion of how \(and why\) people coped; nor is there any emphasis on the social/geographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure of the new cities - were there ghettos or universal camaraderie? It would appear that, in places, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complexities are ignored for the sake of simplicity. As usual, the Highlands are taken to mean the Gaelic-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speaking West Highlands - the Highlands proper are ignored. There is a pervasive sense of universality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the treatment of both the urban and rural areas which begs the question - 'but was it so?' There also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems to be an over-emphasis \(at times, a great over-emphasis\) on party \(and Westminster\) politics. Surely a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book on the Scottish Nation should attempt to deal with the nation as a whole \(or at worst, as a sum of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constituent parts\)? The political elites \(and even the politically motivated radical activists\) made relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little impact outside their own small sector of society. At one point, Devine states 'The rest of Scotland [that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is, not Clydeside] was quiet and virtually irrelevant to the conspiracy.' If one were being uncharitable, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point could be turned on its head - 'To the majority of Scotland, Clydeside was a small area noisily engaged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in radical but irrelevant action and conspiracy'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The overall structure of description and analysis demonstrated in part two is carried on into the third part of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book \(1830-1939\). This part, which covers a little over a hundred years in eleven packed chapters, is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most comprehensive attempt to say something new. There is a genuine effort to deal with the contradictions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the period such the spectacular industrial success coupled with the grinding poverty of the mass of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(population who worked in the yards or down the mines or in the factories. Comparisons are always borne in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mind with the rest of the UK, continental Europe and further afield. There is a heavy concentration on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishment power but also an interesting contrast with the agencies of extra-parliamentary power such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the judiciary and the Kirk. Perhaps because of the length of the section, Devine is more comfortably able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deal with aspects that should have been acknowledged in the other sections of the volume - women are given )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their own chapter, culture and leisure are reviewed and education and 'New Scots' are competently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(described. Unfortunately, while this serves its purpose well in part three, it draws the reader's attention to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deficiencies of the other sections. Here a genuine attempt is made to define the 'modern' Scots, their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(motivations and inclinations. Unfortunately, 'modern' Scots in this period, can too easily be interpreted as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solely the inter-war generation. As we enter the new millennium, modernity is, as always, objective.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the third section of the book presents by far the most rounded picture of Scotland and Scottish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history there are some glaring omissions, for example finance. Again, some interesting questions fail to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addressed - the Highlands are again largely associated with 'the crofting society' and, in political spheres, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention is made of the grandees of nineteenth century, for example, Argyll, Minto, Stair, Fife and Rosebery. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It may just cross someone's mind that these names reflect power and influence centuries old. For all the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes - the urbanisation, the agrarian revolution, the Anglicisation - were the controlling strings in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same hands? How had these hands changed and adapted? Even more than in part two of the volume, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(becomes apparent that this is not a history of the Scottish Nation; it is a history of the West of Scotland with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(west of Scotland prejudices, west of Scotland viewpoints and west of Scotland bias. At times, the volumes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(screams 'Glasgow!, Glasgow!, Glasgow!'. It is a volume which will, undoubtedly, sell well in Sauchiehall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Street and the Paisley Centre; it is less certain that it will sell well \(or deserve to sell well\) in Union Street, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aberdeen, The Wellgate Centre, Dundee, or in the small, private bookshops of Hawick and Elgin. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(places too are part of the Scottish Nation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The fourth part of the book \(1939-2000\) is the most disappointing. It appears to be little more than a three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter tack-on attempting to bring a more than satisfactory history of the west of Scotland from 1760-1939 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up to the present, trendy, millennium- obsessed present. Two of the three chapters deal predominantly with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the introverted world of Scottish politics \(at Westminster and Holyrood\). Were such a focus to be given to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any earlier period, the historian involved would be accused of elitism, narrowness of concept and lack of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vision. Another worryingly skewed focus is when dealing with the Second World War: to write a phrase )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 6711 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as 'the cost of the Second World War had been twice as great as World War for the First. Not less than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(28 per cent of the countries wealth' and fail to mention the human cost of the Second World War is, at best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unfortunate, at worst misjudged.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party politics is not \(thankfully\) the modern 'Scottish Nation'. Apart from to a tiny politicised elite of party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(workers, academics and journalists, the nature of the Scottish Nationalist Party internal policy wrangles in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1970s is both irrelevant and boring. Many of the threads intricately woven by Devine through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previous two parts of the books are not finished off and, when they are mentioned, it is merely as useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pointers to party political policy differences in the modern era. You could question where is the poverty? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Where is the crime? Where is the urban and, more pertinently, the rural deprivation? Where are the drugs? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Where is the leisure society? Where are the continental holidays? Where are the televisions, the videos and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the computer games? Where is the football? Where is the secularisation? Where is the renewed immigration? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Where is the Americanisation of Scottish culture? Where, indeed, is Scottish culture? Where are the chips, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Irn-Bru and the Sunday Post? Where, for goodness sake, is the Scottish Nation? Devine himself is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one 'out of touch with current Scottish problems'. He does not address them, let alone try to explain them in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the context of what has gone before. As Devine fails to address the 'easy' questions, it is not surprising that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he does not even try to get close to the more difficult ones, such as why the elite families of earlier centuries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still dominate Scottish landholding and, to a certain extent, rural \(and political\) life. He ignores modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish business and industry - the impact of oil on the north-east is hardly dealt with and it is not dealt with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at all for Shetland \(where the impact was/is huge\), Orkney or the rest of Scotland. Devine does not explain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why, politically motivated, foreign investment has been channelled to very specific areas with far-reaching )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications both for those who live in the areas that do receive aid and those who live in the areas that do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not. The local dimension to the national story is sadly lacking. Likewise, no mention of the lively counter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture is provided and a fleeting reference to a Billy Connolly joke is all that passes for an analysis of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish people's ability both to be honest about themselves and to laugh through the pain. Asked whether, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the light of recent developments, it was safer to openly gay in Glasgow or Edinburgh, one wit remarked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Glasgow definitely; with all the new MSP's around in the capital, you may wake up the next day with your )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(backside splashed across the front of the Evening News'. Instead of dealing with the modern Scottish Nation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Devine, instead, prefers to give valuable space and analysis to figures such as Michael Forsyth, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(regardless of political prejudice\) in the pantheon of the Scottish Nation must be regarded as a man not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worthy to carry the coats of the Great. Part four is a wasted opportunity to analyse Scotland now in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context of Scotland then.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In summary, as Professor Devine quotes of Andrew Marr: 'Those who live by the hype shall die by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hype.' As the 'largest scale history of Scotland over the last three centuries ever published', parts one and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(four of this volume deserve a quick and very private burial. Parts two and three however deserve, if not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immortality, at least a long and successful lifespan. Overall, the volume suffers from a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamental problems and although, in reality, it may become a standard text at school and university level, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it will go the way of all such 'cover-all histories' - it will be condemned for what it omits and not praised for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the positive things its says. It will be criticised not for the scholarship \(which is exemplary\) but for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation and bias. It will in time, hopefully, be superseded by more rounded and more accurate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portrayal of the whole of 'The Scottish Nation' from 1707 to 2000.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author declined to respond on this occasion.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 144.991 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 127.211 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 127.211 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/101)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 125.817 m 322.316 125.817 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 100.840 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 86.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/665)] TJ ET BT 34.016 72.040 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 126.1315 322.3157 138.0115 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/101) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000533 00000 n 0000000615 00000 n 0000005403 00000 n 0000005512 00000 n 0000005622 00000 n 0000005731 00000 n 0000009292 00000 n 0000009420 00000 n 0000009504 00000 n 0000009569 00000 n 0000017171 00000 n 0000017236 00000 n 0000024798 00000 n 0000024882 00000 n 0000031646 00000 n 0000031774 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31869 %%EOF