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676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Monumenta Borgia: Sanctus Franciscus Borgia quartus Gandiae )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Dux et Societatis Iesu Praepositus Generalis tertius)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 December, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Francisco de Borja)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enrique Garca Hernn)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8448233549)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(751pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Generalitat Valenciana)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Valencia)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Francisco de Borja)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.683 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enrique Garca Hernn)] TJ ET BT 34.016 221.171 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9788448251857)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.659 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 164.147 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.635 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(858pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 107.123 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Generalitat Valenciana)] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.611 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Valencia)] TJ ET BT 34.016 50.099 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 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?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7771 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(St Francis Borja ? in Spanish, S. Francisco de Borja ? IV Duke of Gandia and III General of the Society of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jesus \(1510?1566\) was one of the most interesting and influential men of the Spanish 16th century. Head of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of the senior noble families of Spain, he had a dazzling political and courtly career before renouncing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the world in 1551 to enter the Society of Jesus; he was one of the closest collaborators of Ignatius of Loyola )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in establishing the new Society and he spent his last years \(1565?72\) as its General. His extraordinary career )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was not untouched by scandal and tribulation, for in 1559 he became one of the most eminent victims of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish Inquisition when it placed his writings on the )] TJ ET BT 295.016 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Index Librorum Prohibitorum; )] TJ ET BT 446.012 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he had to flee from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spain in fear of his life. Borja left an enduring impression not just on the Society of Jesus but on the city of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rome itself; he began the construction of the )] TJ ET BT 252.656 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ges, )] TJ ET BT 283.316 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the church of the Society \(and the pantheon of the Borja )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family\) and created the Roman College ? the future Gregorian University.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ascetic and devout as he was, Francisco de Borja was one of the most talented of networkers; he knew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(virtually every one who was anyone in Church and State in Spain in the middle decades of the 16th century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He was an intimate of the Spanish royal family ? confidant and testamentary of the Emperor \(and King of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spain\) Charles V and of his wife Isabella; tutor to the future Philip II and spiritual director to Philip?s sister )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Juana. He was closely associated with many of the leading figures of government in Spain, most especially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Francisco de los Cobos, secretary of the Emperor, and Ruy Gmez de Silva, Prince of boli, favourite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Philip II; he thus had access to the very core of the Spanish governmental apparatus. In his spiritual life, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Borja was a friend or associate of a whole swathe of Catholic Reformation saints, notably Teresa of Avila, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles Borromeo, Robert Belarmine, but ? above all, of course, of Ignatius of Loyola, who was both friend )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and mentor. Intriguingly, Borja?s generalship of the Society of Jesus coincided almost exactly with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pontificate of St Pius V \(1566?72\); the two extraordinary men worked closely together.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This unrivalled range of networks makes the publication of Borja?s correspondence of quite unique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance in both religious and secular spheres. In 1894 the Society of Jesus began publishing Borja?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence and family papers in its enormous series )] TJ ET BT 308.624 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Monumenta Historica Societatis Iesu. )] TJ ET BT 492.944 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By 1911, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(four volumes had appeared as the )] TJ ET BT 197.972 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Monumenta Borgia; )] TJ ET BT 298.628 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they took the story only as far as Borja?s birth in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1510. There, for nearly 100 years, the project stalled. Happily, the original volumes are now available )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(online, republished by American Libraries in their ?Ebook and Texts Archive?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 414.608 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 414.608 374.163 m 428.600 374.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 428.600 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( More happily still, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enrique Garca Hernn has undertaken the prodigious task of continuing the project into Borja?s own life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and now presents us with volumes six and seven of the series.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first of these deals with Borja?s secular career and is based substantially upon papers in Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archives, while the second deals with his religious life up to 1566 and is essentially focussed on papers from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Roman archive of the Society of Jesus \(?)] TJ ET BT 247.976 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Archivo Romano de la Compaa de Iesus?\).)] TJ ET BT 463.616 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Naturally, in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second volume there is a preponderance of material on the years after Borja became General of the Society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1565. Each volume has over 1000 documents ? most of them in transcript ? and Dr Garca Hernn is to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heartily congratulated on the range and quality of the research and upon the exemplary manner in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents are presented and catalogued. There are few occasions when the word ?magnificent? can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriately employed to describe a historical enterprise: this is one of them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Francisco de Borja was born in Gandia in the kingdom of Valencia in 1510. Royal blood ran in his veins ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his mother was a granddaughter of Ferdinand the Catholic ? but so, too, did papal blood, for the Borjas were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descended from the most infamous of all popes, and although they hispanicised their name there was no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forgetting that their forbears included Rodrigo de Borgia, Pope Alexander VI \(1492?1503\). For good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(measure, they were also able to count Pope Calixtus III \(1456?1458\) as a relative. It is tempting to think that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it was familial shame at these origins that stimulated the extraordinary religiosity of the Spanish branch of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the family, which produced a host of cardinals and bishops, priests, nuns and religious. Of these, the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrated was Francisco de Borja himself; he was beatified in 1624 and canonised in 1671.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Francisco entered the circle of Charles V shortly after his return to Spain for the first time as Holy Roman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Emperor \(1522\), and soon became an intimate friend of his and subsequently of his wife, Isabella of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patrick Williams)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 414.6077 374.4775 428.5997 386.3575 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 6698 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portugal. He was named as a gentleman of Isabella?s court and later became her chief steward. Borja formed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a deep attachment to the Empress and when she died unexpectedly in 1539 he was profoundly affected : he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later described 1 May 1539 ? the day of her death ? as the day of his ?conversion?, of his decision to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(renounce the secular world to enter into the religious life. More immediately, it fell to him to accompany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Isabella?s body to its burial in Granada; he had to open the coffin to authenticate her identity before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interment and was deeply shaken by the grisly spectacle that confronted him.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a married man and as heir to one of the great ducal titles of Spain, Borja was not free to carelessly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abandon the world but he determined that if his wife Leonor should predecease him he would renounce his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(titles and enter the religious life. It may have been in an attempt to dissuade him from leaving political life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Charles appointed him Viceroy of Catalonia \(1539?43\). In 1543 he succeeded his father to the dukedom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Gandia and Charles commanded him to come to court to take part in the education of the future Philip II. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So successfully did Borja entrench himself at the heart of the royal family that he not only carried out this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role but also became a spiritual adviser to Charles?s daughter Juana; in time, Juana would become the only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female ever to be admitted into the Society of Jesus. .)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leonor died in March 1546 and Borja decided within weeks that he would enter the Society of Jesus; he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took his first vows in June 1546 and then in 1548 ? in conditions of the greatest secrecy ? professed his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vows. He fled from Spain in 1550, under threat now from the Inquisition \(which was inveterately hostile to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Society of Jesus and may have known of his admission to it\). He returned to Spain in 1551, renounced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his dukedom and was ordained as a priest. His action was one of the sensations of the age in Spain, and there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was much talk of his saintliness. The first of the two volumes of the new )] TJ ET BT 385.316 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Monumenta Borgia )] TJ ET BT 481.976 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take us up to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this point from 1478. The volume incorporates a vast amount of information in the form of familial, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious and governmental papers and letters. The family papers reveal a great deal about the relationships )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the family; particularly interesting are the instructions that Francisco?s father drew up for him to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guide his life, differentiating between how to behave towards God, towards his colleagues at court and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards women \(p. 141\) and those that he presented him with when he married \(p. 156\). The estates of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family are well-represented; there are important papers on the acquisition and sale of lands and the grants of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(titles and privileges by the crown. There are many documents that provide insight into the nature of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious patronage exercised by the Borja family; devout as they were they were often hard-nosed in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control of their ecclesiastical endowments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles V constantly appears, and we are reminded here that he was one of the great letter- and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memorandum-writers of Europe, attempting to govern all his kingdoms in minute detail while being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restlessly on the move between them. There are intimate glimpses, too, of the royal family: when the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empress Isabella became pregnant with the future Philip II, Charles announced that he and his court would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stay in Granada until the child was born, so as not to jeopardise the health of his wife by travelling: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affairs of Europe could hang fire until the Empress had given birth! The statesmen who governed Spain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while Charles was abroad are well represented; this is especially true of Borja?s close friend Francisco de los )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cobos, who \(like Charles V\) lived with his pen in his hand, scribbling memoranda which are often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguished by the remarkable lack of verbs ? some of his letters seems almost to represent streams of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consciousness, hurriedly dealing with major matters with the most economical use of words. When Borja )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became Viceroy of Catalonia in 1539 we find him working closely with the Council of Aragon and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preparing position papers on how to deal with the Cortes of Valencia and mediate between the kingdom of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Valencia and the government in Valladolid or Toledo. There are, too, some intellectual gems, notably the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoughts of Juan Luis Vives as he pondered whether to write a tract on the education and upbringing of men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to complement his celebrated volume on the education of women \(p. 153\). Eventually he clearly decided that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it was not worth the trouble.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 4433 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Volume seven is essentially about Borja?s role within the Society of Jesus. There is therefore nothing here ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disappointingly ? about his role in comforting Charles V in his decline and retirement into the Jeronimite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monastery in Yuste. Borja was one of the first two people to know about Charles?s intention to abdicate his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial and kingly titles so that he could devote his last years to the contemplation of eternity ? and how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(singular Borja?s own role must have been in stimulating the Emperor into forming this extraordinary project.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Borja was elected General of the Society of Jesus in July 1565. He laid special emphasis on stimulating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship and learning within the Society and revised and completed the Rules of the Society, publishing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Constituciones )] TJ ET BT 126.020 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1570. He imposed the hour of prayer on all members of the Society. He is seen here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulating in detail the conduct of houses across Europe and instituting new foundations, one of them in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Poland. He has developed from the Erasmian of his early years to the stern post-Tridentine churchman of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic Reformation; as volume seven of this extraordinary project closes, we see Borja at the height of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powers ? but with six more years in control of the Society of Jesus. The words )] TJ ET BT 412.964 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(monumenta )] TJ ET BT 471.956 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recur in the series )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in the title and it is appropriate : this is truly monumental scholarship and will be of enduring value. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will take its place among the great collections of documents that have provided such a profoundly firm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bedrock for the study of Spanish history in this period. Moreover, at a price of 35 euros each the volumes are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eminently affordable by both academic libraries and individual scholars; they should be quickly snapped up.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 523.731 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 493.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American Libraries, )] TJ ET BT 163.652 493.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ebook and Texts Archive)] TJ ET BT 283.964 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 293.732 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.archive.org/details/sanctusfranciscu58borj)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 293.732 491.715 m 554.360 491.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 64.016 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 78.008 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 6 October 2010].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 218.396 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 218.396 477.459 m 272.384 477.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 452.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editor is happy to accept the review and does not wish to comment on it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 426.341 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 412.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 407.359 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 389.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 389.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1010)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 388.185 m 328.316 388.185 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 363.208 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 348.808 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5179)] TJ ET BT 34.016 334.408 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5180)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.008 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.archive.org/details/sanctusfranciscu58borj)] TJ ET BT 34.016 305.608 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 293.7317 492.0295 554.3597 503.9095 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.archive.org/details/sanctusfranciscu58borj) >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 218.3957 477.7735 272.3837 489.6535 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 388.4995 328.3157 400.3795 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1010) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000615 00000 n 0000000697 00000 n 0000003617 00000 n 0000003726 00000 n 0000003836 00000 n 0000003945 00000 n 0000007506 00000 n 0000007634 00000 n 0000007718 00000 n 0000007802 00000 n 0000015626 00000 n 0000015656 00000 n 0000015784 00000 n 0000015820 00000 n 0000015885 00000 n 0000022636 00000 n 0000022734 00000 n 0000027220 00000 n 0000027348 00000 n 0000027453 00000 n 0000027581 00000 n 0000027636 00000 n 0000027764 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27860 %%EOF