%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721204922+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721204922+01'00') /Title (The Extraordinary and the Everyday in Early Modern England: Essays in Celebration of the Work of Bernard Capp) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3997 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Extraordinary and the Everyday in Early Modern England: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Essays in Celebration of the Work of Bernard Capp)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bernard Capp has made an outstanding contribution to the social and cultural history of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England. This volume of 13 essays, by leading scholars Capp has inspired, is a fitting tribute. It is, at one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(level, a cabinet of curiosities, with studies of jokes, memories, miracles, insults, fairies, witches and bodily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(functions, each enticingly strange. The editors stress, though, that this is more than a collection of bizarre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tales. Like all the best cultural history, the episodes described here are keyholes through which to peer at a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diffuse framework of mentalities, at the fleeting traffic between institutions and individuals, ideas and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opinions ? the light and shade of the world we have lost. What Carlo Ginzburg saw in his literate miller, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Darnton in that massacre of cats, were opportunities to recover evanescent but essential aspects of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early modern existence, and to make them speak to big questions of consciousness, belief and agency. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians aim to capture nothing less than the past reality of experience: its textures, ambiguities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflicts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As Angela McShane and Garthine Walker suggest in their \(all too brief\) introduction, Bernard Capp?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research has reached deep into a realm of marginal existence to show us how the majority lived. There is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certain irony in this, but early modern inequalities of wealth, power and literacy meant that the relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 January, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Garthine Walker)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Angela McShane)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230537248)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(254pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Malcolm Gaskill)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7387 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the sizes of social groups and record-production was an inverse one: there are no peasant diaries. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet a vast amount of archival sources )] TJ ET BT 217.640 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(concern)] TJ ET BT 256.292 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the lower orders, sometimes vividly recording their minds, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words and actions, even if not actually written by them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s organizing scheme is based on the relationship between the extraordinary and the everyday, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queer and quotidian, uncanny and unremarkable. Definitions vary as viewpoints vary. First, even sparing our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ancestors the enormous condescension of posterity, our perspective can never be quite the same as theirs. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Early modern people able and inclined to examine their lives, and to make a record, were unlike us, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rest more alien still. Just as important are the ways in which early modern people differed from each other. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Generalizations are easily made but often misleading; variety, however, speaks for itself. Its determinants are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively limited ? era, age, gender, class, occupation, location, religion ? but their permutations infinite: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how differently did a recusant Lancastrian gentlewoman of the 1580s see the world from a puritan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apprentice in Commonwealth London? What does it mean to call both ?early modern?, and is that more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helpful than bracketing together people alive during the Napoleonic Wars and the First World War?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Differentiation is not just a matter of doing right by the dead, recognizing their individuality and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjectivity: it is about seeing early modern life as a dynamic equation, and thereby better understanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change. A key aspect of early modern change, and one that generated so many documents, is that it caused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anxiety throughout society. In an age of overpopulation, poverty, shortages of land and food, and fraught )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competition, difference was a perceived source of disorder, imagined or real. Certain groups became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problems: assertive women, masterless youths, vagrants, religious dissenters. The perception was more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frightening than the reality; but in the hands of England?s governors perceptions became truth: the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequences of belief were tangible, and the ?other? buttressed ideals cherished by Church and state. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16th and 17th centuries were politically turbulent and insecure, and tolerating even trivial forms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unorthodoxy might be seen to encourage social dissolution and divine destruction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given the complexity of this world, where culture had more battlegrounds than common ground, how are we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to separate the everyday and the extraordinary? Clearly, no firm rules can be established: we need multiple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives and contexts of communication. To satisfy such a need, this collection offers ?an exploration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the shifting centre and the porosity at the peripheries of the ?norm? in early modern England? \(p. 3\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays are arranged into two sections: the first looks for the extraordinary qualities of the everyday, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second the everyday in the extraordinary. This is an elegant formulation, but it is not clear that the essays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conform to such a neat dyad. Some readers might wonder what it even means, and there is no conclusion to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(help them judge how well the essays live up to the prospectus. Undoubtedly, the contributions, in all their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety, do throw up interesting comparisons and connections, but we are obliged to make them for ourselves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Those of us who raid archives for a current project, view with an admiring envy a historian who has spent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his life reading, and looking for, everything. Keith Thomas is famous for his envelopes stuffed with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reference-slips for every ethnological detail under the early modern sun. Perhaps only he could have written )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an essay on farting. It is an illuminating piece: flatulence is not in itself historically important, but the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manners and morals, codes and conventions, surrounding it are. Sheepishly, perhaps, Thomas insists that his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(piece is ?a well-intentioned attempt to illuminate some of the values, sensibilities and implicit tensions of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period? \(p. 11\), and trusts that Bernard Capp will understand. Farts were not merely malodorous gases: they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were toxic, hazardous to expel but more dangerous to hold in. Some considered breaking wind discreetly an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(art; others \(such as the Dutch\) were less inhibited. Farting might be a weapon, like a curse or an insult. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could be used to disrespect authority, a spontaneous uncivil act at a time when civility was so important to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(polite status.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Essentially, or perhaps we should say fundamentally, this is an essay about the serious side of humour. So )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often when we laugh we betray the things that worry us, and because these change over time they have a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history. 17th-century jokes ?ridiculed people whose bodies let them down at ludicrously unsuitable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moments? \(p. 19\), and the greater the shame, the louder the laughter. Thomas suspects that viewing a fart as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a breach of decorum had been less common in earlier times, which may explain post-1600 scatological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humour ? ?the natural release sought by people for whom intensifying standards of bodily restraint were )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7596 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively new and unaccustomed? \(p. 22\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Fletcher relates the cautionary tale of Sir Thomas Isham, who in 1675, aged 17, inherited a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Northamptonshire estate. At first his behaviour was merely obnoxious, but the real trouble started when he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(went on the Grand Tour. Isham had taste, but an enormous appetite, and indulged unstintingly in art. In 1679 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a dawning awareness that his absence and lifestyle were damaging the estate drew the prodigal son home. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His affairs in chaos, Isham arranged to marry into money but died of smallpox on the eve of his wedding. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fletcher?s assessment is that ?Sir Thomas proved too arrogant, too opinionated, too pleasure seeking and too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mercurial to be a successful and respected Northamptonshire landlord? \(p. 45\). What this tells us about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everyday and the extraordinary is uncertain ? except perhaps that much was expected of the young in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17th century \(especially heirs to titles and estates\) and that sometimes they failed to live up to those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expectations. Self-restraint turned to abandon as familial and societal constraints on their lives became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unbearable ? like succumbing to wind.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The unusual friendship between an old man and an orphan is the subject of Ralph Houlbrooke?s essay. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1596 Robert Robertes died without making a formal will, but had, it was claimed, made the 11-year-old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cecily White his executor, something Robertes?s brothers disputed. The case could not be decided )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(definitively, although it seems a settlement was reached. The story comes from depositions taken in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berkshire archdeaconry court, the sort of records which ?brilliantly illuminate an exceptional relationship or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situation? \(p. 48\). The detail in which the dispute and its background have been reconstructed is indeed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkable, and shows the intricate nature of the legal and financial affairs of even quite ordinary people by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the end of the 16th century. This demonstrates more than just the action of the state upon people?s lives: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lawsuits like this, in their many thousands, actually )] TJ ET BT 282.680 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(constituted)] TJ ET BT 335.348 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the state, not as a set of institutions but as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(web of connections with authority.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Legal records also underpin Paul Griffiths?s investigation of ?punishing words?, a piece packed with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples of libels and slanders tried in borough courts. He focuses on how feuding neighbours and reformist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magistrates alike drew on the same visual vocabulary to threaten and cajole. The urban landscape was dotted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with sites and devices of correction ? bridewells, cages, pillories, gallows, whipping posts and cucking stools )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? comprising a ?material semiotics? \(p. 68\) of discipline and punishment. This, Griffiths suggests, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Foucauldian )] TJ ET BT 96.344 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(avant la lettre)] TJ ET BT 163.676 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. He insists that the adoption of these images did not constitute plebeian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acquiescence to the moral authority of the law, rather a pragmatic reaction to the realities of power and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urge to lay enemies low.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is difficult to discover what early modern people thought, but this should not stop us trying. David M. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turner?s excellent contribution examines a serial publication, )] TJ ET BT 333.296 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Poor Robin?s Intelligence)] TJ ET BT 459.284 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, available between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1676 and 1677. Its stock-in-trade was ?prodigies, cheats, sham doctors, astrologers and the mishaps and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual misadventures of the city?s inhabitants? \(p. 86\). Disdained then and since, the newspaper actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers a rich seam of historical evidence. It was written in an esoteric, elliptical style, full of innuendo, puns, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metaphors and literary allusions ? ?a kind of learned vulgarity that was based on varied cultural resources? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 100\). Turner is especially interested in the way it connected with tastes and topical interests, and its uses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a guide to the interplay between humour and political debate. More broadly, its content ?offers an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intriguing insight into how London?s inhabitants located themselves mentally and geographically within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expanding metropolis? \(p. 87\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Garthine Walker, sticking closer to her own editorial brief than some contributors, challenges the dominant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea that witchcraft was an exceptional crime: the )] TJ ET BT 275.288 151.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(contemporary)] TJ ET BT 342.608 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( notion that it was exceptionally difficult to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determine, and the )] TJ ET BT 125.996 137.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(historical)] TJ ET BT 172.004 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( notion of its exceptional non-existence. Instead, she sees it as ?a mundane, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everyday crime?, the unexceptional quality of which ?was precisely wherein lay its power to bring about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptional outcomes? \(p. 106\). Walker recommends that we see English witch-trials not in the context of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other European witch-trials, but ?in the more immediate context in which it existed, namely in that of felony )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the English criminal justice system? \(p. 109\). In everything from body searches to the evidential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(admissibility of hearsay, witch-trials conformed to normal legal procedure, and convictions were neither )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(casual nor hysterical: they were the logical outcomes of complex decision-making processes by intelligent )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7057 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people with laws and beliefs different from our own.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here we leave the extraordinary in the everyday, and move to the reverse formulation, although the essays in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first part fit this description too. Peter Marshall recounts how in the mid-1640s Cornish maidservant Ann )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeffries allegedly acquired healing powers after encountering some fairies. 50 years later, a London printer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made a pamphlet of the tale, part of a campaign ?to stem a perceived tide of atheism, scepticism and unbelief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sweeping the nation? \(p. 128\) by displaying the extraordinary works of God and the devil. The episode )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exemplifies brilliantly a moment in late 17th-century epistemology when the credibility of such phenomena )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hung in the balance. Many were unsure; some were vehemently defensive; others openly scoffing. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly interesting that the battle-lines did not follow lines of social demarcation: this was an elite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(controversy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alexandra Walsham follows with a superb account of the legend that a bone belonging to John Wyclif, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(posthumously condemned as a heretic and disinterred, caused a healing well to spring up where it fell. That )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the morning star of the Reformation? should be remembered with exactly the same kind of miracle story )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Protestants reviled seems less ironic when we realize that, as in Peter Marshall?s essay, belief was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embedded in culture and met needs that were social as well as spiritual. Walsham compares Wyclif?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(veneration in folklore and ?the reciprocal processes by which Luther was assimilated into older paradigms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sainthood? \(p. 149\). Old habits died hard, and not from ignorance but due to the sheer power of traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(customs ? customs that were meaningful, evocative and satisfying. The supposed ?miracle? was intimately )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bound up with rural )] TJ ET BT 132.008 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(lieux de mmoires)] TJ ET BT 219.320 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ?a tendency to spin an imagined past around visible topographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(features that is deeply ingrained in human cultures? \(p. 142\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catherine Armstrong dissects Jacobean reports that starving colonists in Jamestown had resorted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cannibalism, arguing that the ?truth? of this cannot be separated from political ideas about the New World, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the means by which they were communicated. Captain John Smith promoted America almost as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vigorously as he promoted himself, and his off-colour joke about a man who ate his wife may well be an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indication of his disillusionment with Virginia and a new-found affection for New England. That humans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have eaten other humans, as rituals of triumph and from desperation, is beyond dispute; but it may also be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the case that ?what is important about cannibalism is that people think it exists, rather than whether it does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exist? \(p. 168\). This, it seems then, is a very good example of the way that the extraordinary inhabits the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everyday: as a horrific idea that keeps norms in place.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The same could also be said about witches, examined in the next essay. Darryl Ogier examines ?the dreadful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(record of Channel-Island witch hunting? \(p. 178\), and observes how a lack of external scrutiny explains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively high numbers of prosecutions. Within the islands themselves, the authorities ?made common cause )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against un-neighbourliness with the wider population, serving the advancement and retention of power? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(187\). Like Garthine Walker, Ogier identifies the everyday concerns in the extraordinary crime of witchcraft: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the nuts and bolts of daily life manipulated and threatened by demonism. Throughout the early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period, popular attitudes to the devil were complicated. Not all engagement with magic implied satanic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power, unless of course it was condemned as such by a clergyman or law officer. Again, meaning, malign or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benign, depended on perspective.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Darren Oldridge?s essay on the print history of the Mother Shipton legend shows her transformation from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sorceress to witch to diabolist, each with its own inflection, during the middle decades of the 17th century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These shifts, Ogier suggests, ?indicate the power of popular stereotypes to mould the image of the literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characters in dramatic ways? \(p. 223\). Interestingly, Shipton was not necessarily becoming more frightening: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it was perfectly possible to represent her as a comic figure in the 1660s, and to the same audiences that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would continue to fear witches for generations to come. Reading these tales, and discovering how a 17th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century audience read them, requires careful contextualization and a degree of imagination.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The next story is a case in point. In 1650 some drunks in Berkshire decided to honour their exiled king by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eating flesh sliced from their buttocks. In a richly researched and conceptually sophisticated piece, Angela )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McShane suggests that ?such events, rather than simply appealing to our taste for the bizarre and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 5310 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spectacular, can illuminate something of the everyday experience of royalism in interregnum England? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(192\). She subjects the episode to ?multiple imaginary readings? \(p. 192\), and argues that it might be seen as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a ?secular sacrament? \(p. 193\) arising from a desire among traditionalists to restore monarchy and remake )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the body politic. Cavaliers were rootless, disinherited, incoherent, which explains why bonding rituals may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been unusually important in the 1650s, a means for them to ?re-engage emotionally both with each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other, and an imagined State to come? \(p. 205\). Like blood, drink could seal an impromptu covenant, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(banishing melancholy, dulling pain and galvanizing hope.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The thaumaturgical power of blood also features in Steve Hindle?s contribution, focusing on an affray in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cheshire town of Nantwich in 1572 which left a gentleman named Roger Crockett dead. The investigation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that followed was convoluted, attended by allegations that witnesses had been suborned and their testimony )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(false. A remarkable aspect of the inquest was recourse to the ritual of touching, where, it was believed, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(murderer might be exposed by the fresh bleeding of a corpse. Hindle does some impressive detective-work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the evidence, engaging fully with the problem of the ordinary and the extraordinary at the heart of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume. From the welter of depositions generated by the crime, including a file from a prerogative court, it?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hard to say what was true in any objective sense, and the story of Crockett?s demise ?evaporates into ether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Star Chamber rhetoric, leaving only half-heard echoes of mutual recrimination? \(p. 237\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hindle?s fine epilogue rounds off the entire collection. He suggests that dividing the strange from the normal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is unhelpful unless we thoroughly investigate their relationship, in different eras and contexts. We must )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recover not just otherness, but forms and rates of change. Change is about the big picture, not always well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(served by the microhistorical approach, at least in the Italian )] TJ ET BT 326.960 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(micro-istoria)] TJ ET BT 390.296 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( tradition rather than that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English local studies. As the contributors show, links between the extraordinary and the everyday could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambivalent, conflicted, and intricately arranged by circumstance and contingency. Furthermore, the things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we find remarkable in the past were sometimes the same as our ancestors found strange in their present; why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(else would they have recorded them with such wonder, shame, horror and glee? Things were remarkable in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that they were worth )] TJ ET BT 135.992 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(remarking)] TJ ET BT 185.984 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( upon; to see something as extraordinary was to notice change, and often to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be troubled by it. This reaction produced a fabulous array of documentary sources telling wonderful and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frequently weird stories. Therein lies much of the appeal of studying the early modern period: ?its almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unlimited capacity to disclose the co-existence of the strange with the apparently familiar, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpenetration of the ordinary and the extraordinary? \(p. 239\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors thank Dr Gaskill for his review and do not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 301.807 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 284.027 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 284.027 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1012)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 282.633 m 328.316 282.633 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 257.656 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 243.256 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5188)] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.856 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 282.9475 328.3157 294.8275 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1012) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000619 00000 n 0000000701 00000 n 0000004750 00000 n 0000004859 00000 n 0000004969 00000 n 0000005078 00000 n 0000008639 00000 n 0000008767 00000 n 0000008851 00000 n 0000008916 00000 n 0000016356 00000 n 0000016421 00000 n 0000024070 00000 n 0000024135 00000 n 0000031245 00000 n 0000031329 00000 n 0000036692 00000 n 0000036820 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 36916 %%EOF