%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140901080544+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140901080544+01'00') /Title (Feud, Violence and Practice. Essays in Medieval Studies in Honor of Stephen D. White) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3903 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Feud, Violence and Practice. Essays in Medieval Studies in Honor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(of Stephen D. White)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen D. White is a well-known scholar of the medieval period whose work in the last 30 years has done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much to elucidate a wide range of historical topics, from dispute processing to the Bayeux Tapestry. A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection titled )] TJ ET BT 112.016 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Feud, Violence and Practice)] TJ ET BT 249.320 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in his honour with essays penned by colleagues, friends and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(students thus seems entirely appropriate at a time when financial crisis has left large parts of Europe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grappling with questions about the practice and legality of anger and violence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The 15 essays in this collection are divided into three parts. The first part, entitled ?Feud and violence?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprises five essays. In the first ? a lively analysis ? W. I. Miller discusses the role of threat in medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society, suggesting that ?threats ... often work when you leave your opponent with the ?advantage? of being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(able to make choices, and let him know that you have deprived yourself of the same? \(p. 11\). Miller )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considers that medieval people were ?masters of threat and spent ... a good portion of their social lives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultivating threat advantage, or undermining that of their opponents and competitors? \(p. 14\). Miller?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasoning is then amply illustrated with examples from the Icelandic sagas.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moving on to real acts of violence as opposed to threats thereof, feud has been a much discussed topic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1015)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 January, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Belle Tuten)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tracey Billado)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780754664116)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(350pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farnham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jenny Benham)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7309 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among medieval historians yet John Hudson shows in an insightful analysis the difficulty of defining the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(term precisely. He notes, for instance, that the modern word feud is not simply a translation of a medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(word that stood for a particular medieval phenomenon and concept \(p. 33\) ? a conclusion that complements )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other studies of related words such as war and peace.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 288.608 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 288.608 752.307 m 302.600 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 302.600 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Furthermore, surveying specific instances of long-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(running violent disputes in England in the 10th to the 12th centuries, Hudson argues that it is difficult in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms both of definition and evidence to say ?how common or how significant feud was in England? \(p. 51\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kate McGrath discusses how texts describing displays of noble anger tended to conform to conventionalised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scenarios of expectation and expression of anger \(pp. 57?8\). McGrath shows that medieval writers, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conforming \(or not\) to these expectations and expressions, projected notions of shame, honour, and good and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bad lordship on the Anglo-Norman nobility. Most importantly, she shows that anger and vengeance were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost always appropriate behaviour as long as there was provocation and as long as the expression of anger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was proportionate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moving on from lay violence the last two articles deals with violence from a religious perspective. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dominique Barthlemy shows how the )] TJ ET BT 224.336 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Miracles of Saint Benedict)] TJ ET BT 351.992 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( contain a large number of healings of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insane or ?frenzied?. Unlike the lay anger and violence encountered in the previous essays, this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncontrolled demonic anger, which can only be remedied by the blessing of a saint. Caroline Bynum turns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(away from societal anger and violence to explore the late medieval devotion to the wound in Christ?s side, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in particular the occluding of ?the devotee?s sense of suffering as inflicted )] TJ ET BT 393.932 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(on)] TJ ET BT 405.932 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( him? \(p. 98\). Reflecting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deeper religious and cultural changes towards the end of the medieval period, Bynum shows how Christ?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wound came to be understood as less the result of violence and more as a ?building? with ?a window or door )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from which Church emerges ... and through which the devout enter to find protection and salvation? \(p. 116\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part two, under the heading ?Legal culture and feudalism?, opens with two fine essays by Frederic L. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cheyette and Elizabeth A. R. Brown. Here, they return to an issue over which historians have spilled much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ink, namely feudalism. Cheyette?s essay traces the development of the use of the word feudalism and how it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has in modern times come to divide opinions among scholars between those who believe in the usage of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(term and the concept and those who don?t. Cheyette concludes that the origins of the term lie more firmly in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 16th and 17th centuries than in the medieval period and that ?in all its guises, the term feudalism is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoroughly contaminated by the political-ideological polemics? of that period \(p. 130\). Brown?s contribution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follows a similar argument and notes in addition that the feudal constructs were devised in the early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period ?to provide a simple, easily understandable explanation of the origins of contemporary institutions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and practices?. Crucially, Brown notes, ?the inventors were for the most part not archival scholars? \(p. 141\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Isabel Alfonso Antn investigates the many ways in which disputes were resolved in the medieval period by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looking at the practice of negotiation in Castile and Lon. She highlights the interdependence of ?royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(justice, arbitral justice and negotiated resolutions? and how litigants ?strategically use the possibilities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available to them? \(p. 169\). Thus, she argues, contrary to modern beliefs, it was not the aim of every )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negotiation ?to achieve peace ... rather it serves to reproduce the power relations generated by conflicts, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change them, or simply to limit them? \(p. 173?4\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Considering another aspect of legal culture, Paul Hyams gives a thought-provoking analysis of the problem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of language and law in England after the Norman Conquest. He highlights the fact that legal practice in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period must reasonably have operated on a tri-lingual basis and then examines the contribution of French to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the vocabulary of the early common law, concluding that ?the French elements? of this legal culture may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been stronger than scholars have previously appreciated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Staying with terminology Robert Bartlett examines the legal status of ?enmity? and shows, through a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of different documents, that enmity was a separate legal category and deeds done against an enemy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was treated differently to deeds done against someone who was not an enemy \(p. 200\). He also examines the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficulties which such categorisation caused in attempting to regulate and limit enmity and violence in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later medieval period and beyond.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 288.6077 752.6215 302.5997 764.5015 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7615 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard E. Barton continues the focus on language and terminology whilst at the same time providing a nice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion to part two by returning to the debate around feudalism and the so-called feudal revolution or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mutation. Here, Barton investigates the concept and practice of ?clamor? in western France, arguing that by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the year 1000 this word had come to be understood as ?one of several appropriate words for any legal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complaint made in public to some sort of authority? \(p. 219\). Legal clamors, argues Barton, were relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common, reinforced ?local political and personal bonds between litigants and their lords and neighbors?, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were expected to lead to a non-violent settlement of the dispute \(p. 229\). Clamors, like violence, were thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of ?a spectrum of strategic options? open to all parties \(p. 233\). With this Barton concludes that western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France did not necessarily see a model of judicial collapse and chaos, i.e. a ?feudal mutation?, instead justice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could be obtained provided that one made a ?clamor? to the right people and backed it up with proof \(p. 234\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third and final part of this )] TJ ET BT 181.664 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(festschrift)] TJ ET BT 229.004 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is entitled ?Reading, re-reading and practice? and starts off with an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay on how to date a work of art, and thereby focus the investigation, in the absence of inscriptions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cartulary entries or references to the life span of a donor. Through a case study of the Miracles of St Andrew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(window in Troyes cathedral, Elizabeth Carson Pastan shows how it is possible to tease out a crusading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context for the subject of the window with a connection to Count Thibaud IV of Champagne and his interest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the relics and cult of St Andrew.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the second essay of this final part, Cynthia J. Johnson returns to expressions of anger \()] TJ ET BT 461.288 532.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ira)] TJ ET BT 475.292 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and the practice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of disputing by looking at one particular case from the south of France. As noted by Johnson, studies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disputes tend to focus on noble males and thus her contribution, involving a mother and a daughter from a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family of town notables, is a welcome one. Johnson shows that the dispute went through a very clear process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ending in a ?ritualised? public event. This is particularly interesting because here we can see two women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participating in behaviour ? promises on bent knees sealed with the kiss of peace ? usually only found )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between men \(p. 271\). Here, Johnson clearly draws on and complements Stephen White?s own work on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispute resolution in western France and concludes that the same framework of peacemaking operating as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process of self-regulation with negotiation, compromise and the intervention of friends looming large, can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also be seen in this particular case from Arles.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 255.632 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 255.632 402.675 m 269.624 402.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The penultimate essay by Annette P. Parks highlights the much neglected topic of female hostages in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval period. Through two case studies, Eleanor of Brittany and Beatrice the ?Damsel of Cyprus?, Parks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follows the fate of the two women during their captivity at the hands of successive kings. The focus is, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps inevitably given the nature of our sources, on the women?s importance as bargaining tools in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomacy; that is, they were repeatedly offered up for marriages. This is a good discussion of which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only downside is that it does not clearly set out how these two case studies fit in with the broader context of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hostages in the medieval period.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 188.996 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 188.996 290.883 m 202.988 290.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, this collection of essays ends with a study of treason by Karen Bosnos. Her investigation shows that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treason was not only a problematic legal concept in 12th-century England and Normandy, it was one that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was usually solved through arbitration rather than punishment due to the powerful influence of aristocratic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities and the reliance upon personal relationships of friends and kins \(pp. 298?9\). Only in the rarest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of circumstances, Bosnos argues, did high-status nobles suffer the most extreme penalties \(death or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mutilation\) for their acts of resistance \(pp. 301?2\). She concludes that treason trials were thus decided by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(noble peers ?on a case by case basis following legal custom and political expediency, without obvious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recourse to prescriptive law?, and those unfortunate few who suffered the harshest treatment, did so ?when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their social connections failed them? \(p. 305\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a fitting tribute to Stephen D. White, many of whose contributions to scholarship are essential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading on most university undergraduate courses on medieval Europe. In years to come this )] TJ ET BT 481.604 111.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(festschrift)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should also find a place there as many of the contributors provide new perspectives on well-known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical problems or highlight hitherto neglected topics. Most of the contributions to this collection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are, moreover, easy to follow, and written in a lively and engaging way. For instance, I defy anyone not to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enjoy and recognise themselves in Miller?s description of the behaviour one goes through to indicate to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 255.6317 402.9895 269.6237 414.8695 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 188.9957 291.1975 202.9877 303.0775 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 3936 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others that you have a legitimate purpose for standing around on a street corner while ?waiting to be picked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up ... and your ride is late?: looking at your watch, making faces of impatience, pulling out your mobile )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phone, and intermingling all three while over-acting \(p. 11\). Most importantly, this is a well-edited, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organised, and thought-out collection with 15 strong essays.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 718.803 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 688.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. I. Moore, ?Postscript?, in )] TJ ET BT 202.340 688.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Peace of God: Social Violence and Religious Response in France )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(around the Year 1000)] TJ ET BT 169.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Thomas Head and Richard Landes \(Ithaca, NY, 1992\), p. 308; Gina Fasoli, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Pace e guerra nell?alto medioevo?, )] TJ ET BT 239.960 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Settimane di studio del centro italiano di Studi sull?alto )] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(medioevo, XV, Ordinamenti militari in Occidente nell?alto medioevo)] TJ ET BT 395.648 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Spoleto, 1968\), repr. in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Scritti di Storia Medievale)] TJ ET BT 191.012 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. G. Fasoli et al. \(Bologna, 1974\), p. 80; J. E. M. Benham, )] TJ ET BT 492.332 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Peacemaking )] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in the Middle Ages: Principles and Practice)] TJ ET BT 275.324 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Manchester, 2011\), pp. 3, 190?5.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 440.624 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 440.624 615.507 m 494.612 615.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 602.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many of White?s essays dealing with these issues have now been collected in)] TJ ET BT 439.616 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen D. White, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Feuding and Peace-Making in Eleventh-Century France)] TJ ET BT 335.624 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Aldershot, 2005\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 426.944 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 426.944 586.995 m 480.932 586.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 574.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The best introduction on hostages is still Adam J. Kosto, ?Hostages in the Carolingian world )] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(714?840\)?, )] TJ ET BT 124.664 559.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Early Medieval Europe)] TJ ET BT 237.308 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 11 \(2002\), 123?47.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 334.628 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 334.628 558.483 m 388.616 558.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors thank the reviewer for her insights and have no wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 507.365 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 488.383 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 470.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 470.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1015)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 469.209 m 328.316 469.209 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 444.232 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 429.832 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5204)] TJ ET BT 34.016 415.432 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 440.6237 615.8215 494.6117 627.7015 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 426.9437 587.3095 480.9317 599.1895 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 334.6277 558.7975 388.6157 570.6775 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 469.5235 328.3157 481.4035 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1015) >> endobj xref 0 37 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000587 00000 n 0000000669 00000 n 0000004624 00000 n 0000004733 00000 n 0000004843 00000 n 0000004952 00000 n 0000008513 00000 n 0000008641 00000 n 0000008725 00000 n 0000008809 00000 n 0000016171 00000 n 0000016201 00000 n 0000016329 00000 n 0000016365 00000 n 0000016456 00000 n 0000024124 00000 n 0000024154 00000 n 0000024282 00000 n 0000024318 00000 n 0000024348 00000 n 0000024476 00000 n 0000024512 00000 n 0000024617 00000 n 0000028606 00000 n 0000028734 00000 n 0000028789 00000 n 0000028917 00000 n 0000028972 00000 n 0000029100 00000 n 0000029155 00000 n 0000029283 00000 n trailer << /Size 37 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 29379 %%EOF