%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 46 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 69 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141228032414+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141228032414+00'00') /Title (Le monde de l?Itinrance) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4936 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Le monde de l?Itinrance)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reports of the death of the Mediterranean ? on some accounts from pollution, on others from conceptual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(redundancy ? have proved exaggerated. Conceptually, at least, ?The Mediterranean? flourishes as never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before: an idea more than a sea. It seems ubiquitous on web sites and in book and journal titles as well as on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conference posters, not to mention political action plans.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This apparent degree of interest might have astonished as well as delighted Braudel. Seldom since he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published the second edition of his great work, in 1966, can Mediterranean history have had more devotees.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 217.161 m 48.008 217.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( By contrast, the popularity must be disconcerting to those, mainly social anthropologists, who in the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century foretold the dissolution of the category ?Mediterranean?, except as a subject of discourse, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the face of deconstructive or postcolonial critique.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 287.300 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 287.300 188.649 m 301.292 188.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 301.292 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But is ?the Mediterranean? being used today in any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more worthwhile sense, or is it now merely a vague and alluring geographical expression? Ancient historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find it an appealing substitute for ?Greece and Rome?. For medievalists and early modernists, this is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main theatre of the encounter of Christendom and Islam, whether in conflict \(never can writing about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusade and jihad have had wider appeal\) or coexistence \(obviously resonant in an age of globalising and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multiculturalism\). For anthropologists, ?Mediterranean? is preferable to ?southern Europe?, which is still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often what is really under discussion. To pick out, unfairly, one example of such smoke-screening: when you )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are gathering )] TJ ET BT 99.992 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Studies on the Sources, Contents and Influences of Islamic Civilization and Arabic Philosophy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Science)] TJ ET BT 91.664 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and your table of contents has such sub-headings as ?Diachronic hermeneutics of Arabic texts?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how attractive it must be to relegate the ?Studies? part to the subtitle and call your volume )] TJ ET BT 470.300 61.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Words, Texts, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 47.483 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Concepts Cruising the Mediterranean Sea)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1016)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 January, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Claudia Moatti)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wolfgang Kaiser)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christophe Pbarthe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9782356130082)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ausonius)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bordeaux)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peregrine Horden)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 217.4755 48.0077 229.3555 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 287.2997 188.9635 301.2917 200.8435 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R 41 0 R 44 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 8477 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 37.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 37.016 795.075 m 51.008 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In all this, ?the Mediterranean? is seldom defined or defended as a geographical or historical unit of study. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Its applicability seems taken for granted: anything that has happened in or around this sea counts as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mediterranean and can find its way into suitably titled periodicals, even when what is really being discussed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is archaic Greece, or the crusader states, or medieval Spain. Writing Mediterranean history of this kind has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become almost too easy. Further serious discussion, historical and conceptual, is surely needed for the name )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this ?middle sea? to be more than a ?flag of convenience?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If ?the Mediterranean? is indeed to mean more than the sum of its parts, if it is to be more than a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographical expression, but a subject unified and distinct enough to make long-range comparisons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminating, there are roughly three ways of characterising it. The first stresses the commonplaces of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geography and climate, Braudel?s ?true Mediterranean?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 305.600 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 305.600 628.515 m 319.592 628.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 319.592 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This notion that circum-Mediterranean lands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together constitute a distinctive region might seem to be a product of ancient geography but in fact was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth-century invention.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 175.328 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 175.328 600.003 m 189.320 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 189.320 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The second is the most recent, and largely a product of post-colonialism. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stresses cultural interchange, hybridity, or \(generalising from the medieval Iberian case\) )] TJ ET BT 459.584 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(convivencia)] TJ ET BT 516.896 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that that term has been uncontested by specialists.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.320 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.320 571.491 m 287.312 571.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 287.312 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The third emphasises what is indispensable to the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two, people and their movements. Obviously enough, neither geography nor culture makes any historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense without people: without those who have moulded and bound landscapes together into some larger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole \(thereby unifying diverse environments\), or who have moved \(or been moved\) and interacted, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creating cultural hybrids or occasional zones of toleration. In premodern times ? before steamship, train, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(telegraph ? the transmission of goods, cultures, ideas, and information generally was always \(occasional use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of carrier pigeons apart\) dependent on the movement of people. Their mobility must be the primary subject.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 471.699 m 48.008 471.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(No one knew this better than Braudel. ?The Mediterranean,? he wrote, in a chapter originally to have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entitled ?Routes et villes, villes et routes?, ?has no unity but that created by the movements of men, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships they imply, and the routes they follow?. Although we may be tempted to linger over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picturesque aspects of the resulting network, he continued, ?the essential task before us is to measure the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships this network implies, the coherence of its history, the extent to which the movement of boats, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pack animals, vehicles and people themselves makes the Mediterranean a unit and gives it a certain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uniformity in spite of local resistance. )] TJ ET BT 218.996 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The whole Mediterranean consists of movement in space)] TJ ET BT 491.300 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 499.628 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 499.628 359.907 m 513.620 359.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Braudel saw the nodal points of this network as towns and cities. Perhaps we should now take a broader vow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of communications, so as to bring into play movements across mountains and deserts, and indeed the whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety of non-urban Mediterranean landscapes. Braudel?s vision, at least at this stage in his book, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primarily economic. Again, a wider angle might be appropriate, to bring in the movements involved in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religion, politics, war, empire-building, and the like. But the essential point remains. The Mediterranean was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made by movement. And this point can be put more precisely. If the Mediterranean has any continuing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(validity as a historical subject, it must be as a zone of net introversion, in which the movements of people in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space are denser ? more frequent and intense ? within and across the region, than over its frontiers, however )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we like to define them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The problem has long been that, with the exception of modern labour migration, mobility is the least studied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the demographic variables. It is at least as hard to document from pre-modern times as fertility, nuptiality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and mortality. Its study is frustrated by the presupposition that most people hardly moved from their place of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(birth \(which would of course have rendered unnecessary the dislocation associated with ancient censuses, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notably as described in Luke?s gospel\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 223.316 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 223.316 136.323 m 237.308 136.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 237.308 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( And now it comes up against a novel kind of evidence, that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archaeogenetics \(essentially back projections from contemporary gene frequencies\) which seems to show )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that all the really significant movement in Europe and the Mediterranean was over by the Bronze Age.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 525.584 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 525.584 107.811 m 545.576 107.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the implication of genetic history that the play is over even before the curtain rises, major projects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are now starting to explore pre-modern Mediterranean mobility in the detail that the topic requires. Of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greatest value and significance is the French research programme, planned to spread across no fewer than )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 37.0157 795.3895 51.0077 807.2695 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 305.5997 628.8295 319.5917 640.7095 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 175.3277 600.3175 189.3197 612.1975 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.3197 571.8055 287.3117 583.6855 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 472.0135 48.0077 483.8935 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 499.6277 360.2215 513.6197 372.1015 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 223.3157 136.6375 237.3077 148.5175 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 43 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 525.5837 108.1255 545.5757 120.0055 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 49 0 R 52 0 R ] /Contents 47 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Length 7454 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eight conferences, ?La mobilit des personnes en Mditerrane de l?antiquit l?poque moderne: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(procdures de contrle et documents d?identification?, of which the leading light is Claudia Moatti, one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the editors of the volume under review and the sole editor of the first publication of the programme. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(initial statement was a collection with a title identical to that of the overall programme, re-presenting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conference papers delivered at the first two gatherings, in 2002.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 339.608 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 339.608 738.051 m 359.600 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 359.600 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The editorial introduction to this volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defined the project?s scope as the Mediterranean basin up to the eighteenth century, when \(it is implied\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation states started to make those ?procedures of control? rather more systematic and effective. We are told )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reassuringly that ?if the history of the Mediterranean presents an undeniable unity, it owes it in large part to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the movement of people?, and this movement is in turn related to the uneven distribution of resources both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human and material \(p. 2\). There then follows a highly intelligent and quite extensive prefatory discussion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(21 pages\) of the various kinds and causes of mobility, the inevitable flexibility of attempts at its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(management, the ways in which migrants have proved their identity, and the ramifications of it all for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptions of sovereignty, public order, territoriality, and ?international? relations. The 25 subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions have a consistent Mediterranean focus apart from some forays into the Near East and one to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the north, into Carolingian Francia. There is an ethnic and geographical index and synopses of all the papers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are gathered at the end.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That 2002 volume was only the beginning. In 2007, under the editorship of Claudia Moatti again but now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(joined by Wolfgang Kaiser, there followed a similar collection, )] TJ ET BT 340.964 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gens de passage en Mditerrane de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(l?antiquit l?poque moderne)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 190.004 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 190.004 526.467 m 209.996 526.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 209.996 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, published in Paris under the auspices of the ?Maison mditerranenne )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(des sciences de l?homme?, and focusing again on the identification and policing of migrants, but this time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially upon their arrival in towns and cities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I wish I had been able to review either of those two volumes, and for preference the first. With the present )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection, )] TJ ET BT 87.344 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le monde de l?itinrance)] TJ ET BT 209.660 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, we are joining the project when it has been under way for some years. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The leading participants know exactly what they are doing ? but may have forgotten the need to explain it to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their readers or to re-examine their own initial assumptions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This time only a very short introduction sets the agenda, showing how the present volume follows on from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its predecessors. We are reminded that discussions of human mobility from Georg Simmel onwards, whether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical or social scientific, have usually privileged immigration ? the new arrival, the context into which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he or she is trying to find a place. The volume under review is intended to focus on the other parts of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(business of movement: departure and transit. It reflects communications read at two conferences, one on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control of emigration \(Madrid 2004\), the other on the world of the itinerant \(Istanbul 2005\). The leading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions follow on from those that the two earlier volumes raised. What were the specific conditions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mobility in pre-modern societies and how much freedom of movement was there; how and where was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mobility directed or constrained; and how were those involved identified? What was the effect of mobility )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the societies that witnessed it and how did they perceive the whole phenomenon? The mobility in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question need not have been over a long distance to qualify for scrutiny here. The volume operates with ?un )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuum migratoire? that can embrace expulsion, or emigration to America, at one extreme, to highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(localised circulation at the other. These are some of the points made crisply and developed, but over only a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dozen pages, by Claudia Moatti and Wolfgang Kaiser in their general prologue. Without asserting any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specious continuities across the whole pre-modern past that they are taking as their purview, they examine, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the most general terms, the modalities of departure, the purposes of expulsion, the policing of movement, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the character of exile, and the varieties of nomadism. They quote, so as to controvert, Gilles Deleuze and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Flix Guattari who, in a book of 1980, )] TJ ET BT 221.336 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Milles plateaux)] TJ ET BT 295.664 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, called for a ?nomadology, the opposite of a history? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 18\). Movement is, has been, history. But of what sort, and where? After the brief introduction we, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers, are left largely to fend for ourselves in terms of turning the 29 individual contributions in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume into larger blocks of material able to give substance to the few generalities that preface them.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 48 0 obj [46 0 R /Fit] endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 339.6077 738.3655 359.5997 750.2455 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 51 0 obj [46 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 190.0037 526.7815 209.9957 538.6615 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 55 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Length 6765 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To put it another way: this book is un-reviewable. No one scholar could command the expertise to offer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proper critical appreciation of each of its constituent articles. Yet nor is the reader given enough help by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editors in seizing the overall thrust of the whole so that conclusions emerge which could sensibly be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed by a non-specialist reviewer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The 29 main contributions, which vary in length from around 10 to around 40 pages, are presented under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three main headings. First come ?lives in movement?, subdivided into groups on nomads, itinerant labourers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and wanderers and marginals; then a section on the control of free emigration, again subdivided into ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place of the absent in ancient law? and ?colonisations?; finally a section on exile and asylum, which breaks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down into ?expulsions and deportations?, ?exile and proscription?, and ?fugitives and the right of asylum?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The collective geographical scope is vast. It reaches from Mesopotamia and the Crimea to the Indies \(as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(target for emigration\); it includes the whole Mediterranean basin, with some concentration on Spain and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italy \(though relatively little specifically on France and almost nothing on Mediterranean Africa\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The period covered is equally ambitious. Much like the first volume in the series, it starts around the 18th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century BCE \(an interesting discussion of the vocabulary of nomadism as recorded in the palace archives of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Amorites in Babylonia\) and it closes more or less with the 18th century CE \(a comparative chapter on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how the Ottoman empire attempted to control the nomads of the Cilician plain and the casual labourers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moving to the capital\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And in between? For the very early period, there are two other papers on the pre-classical Near East \(on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(juridical status of the ?absent?, whether voluntary or involuntary in Mesopotamian law; and on extradition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and asylum, again from Amorite texts\). There is a clutch of papers on the Greeks \(notably one on itinerant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masons\), four on the Roman world \(most interestingly an account of the law of ?relegation? and return from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exile in the first three centuries of the Roman empire and one on forced diasporas of the Jews in the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period\), and two on the late antique and Byzantine worlds \(on 4th-century legislation sweeping up dangerous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(vagi )] TJ ET BT 57.680 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the army, and on errant monks\). Beyond this, there are two contributions on medieval Italy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(seasonal migration in Apulia; compulsory reporting back by political exiles to their home city states\), a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general discussion of medieval Mediterranean colonisation and how far it resembled modern colonisation, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enquiry into medieval and early modern safe-conducts granted to ?gypsies? from ?little Egypt?, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deportation of Muslims from Sicily by the Emperor Frederick II \(persuasively taking the long view and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpreting its subject in the light of juridical change\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Does a pattern emerge from this vertiginous catalogue? Not really. The volume attains some degree of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coherence and collective weight only when it comes to the expulsion and diasporas of Jews, Muslims, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moriscos from Spain to Africa and the Ottoman world in the 15th and 17th centuries, and to parallel studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Ottoman rulers? and local administrators? own dealings with exiles, deportees and migrants ? some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them from Spain. A striking clutch of papers on those related topics hints at a Braudellian panorama, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(showing Mediterranean-wide movement and interaction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The makings of a few other possible constellations of papers can be glimpsed in the table of contents. It was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entirely reasonable of the editors to choose a thematic rather than a chronological or geographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organisation to their volume. And in devoting a section to the legal status of the ?absent? I think they have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helped create a theme of considerable originality. None the less, for most of the time the thematic approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produces an effect of staccato irregularity. In that sub-section on expulsions, for example, we start with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judaism in the time of Christ, then jump to Frederick II, and then to Granada around 1500. None of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?jitteriness? is counteracted by internal cross-referencing: with very few exceptions, the contributors seem to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have written and gone to press in mutual ignorance. Nor are the mini-introductions to each section as helpful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as they might be in showing the ways different parts of the volume resonate with each other. Nor, in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection, is there an index of any kind, let alone the type really needed, a thematic one ? to aid the reader in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(choosing alternative paths through its contents.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 59 0 R 62 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R ] /Contents 57 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Length 7614 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(None of this is to deny that we can learn a great deal from the book. We learn ? and this is, as scientists say, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-trivial ? quite how much documentation survives to be exploited about those leaving or being forced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out, on the move, staying away, communicating back, returning. This documentation is not only prescriptive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or administrative; it can be personal as well. Almost every page in the volume is plushly carpeted with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(footnotes, and one of them sent me to the letters Assyrian wives wrote to their absent merchant husbands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(giving news and detailing their domestic problems. These are not windows onto souls, but we are at least in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tenuous touch with real people on the move, and from almost four thousand years ago \(p. 278\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 490.280 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 490.280 697.539 m 510.272 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That points to a second positive feature of the collection, or rather of the trio of volumes published so far. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows abundantly that movement has been a central feature of the social history of the area for a very long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time. \(The emphasis on identification and control of course forbids extensive use of archaeology, so the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors do not register that people have been making long sea journeys, of up to 200 miles, across open sea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Mediterranean for at least 130,000 years.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 260.960 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 260.960 614.259 m 280.952 614.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 280.952 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) These movements have, in the Holocene, given rise to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problems of terminology ? before control, comes classification ? that a number of contributions explore. We )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are reminded, again, of the thorough interdependence of ?the desert? and ?the sown?: no pure nomads out of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(touch with the sedentary are evident in any of the volumes. There has been extensive movement despite the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exercise of settled ?state? power \(as well as because of it\). Such themes are vividly developed. It is the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprising that little attention is given to slavery.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are almost all the materials here for a full, genuinely comparative history of geographical mobility )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across a wide space and over the long-term, with some attempt to show which periods and areas were more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mobile than others. And yet ? that potential is realised only intermittently in the present collection because of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a degree of insularity in its contributors. They do not always seem to be in touch with developments in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship. Presumably the papers as published \(in 2009\) closely reflect those delivered at the original )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conferences in 2004 and 2005. So perhaps it is unfair to expect authors whose subject is the Roman Empire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to show awareness of Roger Batty?s monograph of 2007.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 308.972 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 308.972 431.187 m 328.964 431.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 328.964 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It would also be asking a lot to expect more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than a few token references to Horden and Purcell?s)] TJ ET BT 284.600 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( The Corrupting Sea)] TJ ET BT 382.940 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, even though geographical mobility )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Mediterranean is one of its big themes and it considers nomads, seasonal migrants, itinerant workers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and forced population transfers. But one might have hoped for more debate with Braudel and some fuller )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration of the precise ways in which the area covered by the volume might, through its geography and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecology and modes of transport and communication, have promoted mobility.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The collection under review is a volume on the Mediterranean and the Middle \(or Near\) East which at no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point defines or defends its geographical scope. One contribution, the last one, ventures into northern Europe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because its subject is the refugees of the Catholic League of late 16th-century France in the Low Countries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Mediterranean, and it sets the stage for an interesting comparison between Mediterranean and non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mediterranean. But that approach remains undeveloped, and is tried nowhere else in the volume. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mediterranean remains a limp geographical expression. Its value as an analytical tool is never debated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the UK, this volume would not only be un-reviewable, it would be un-publishable. The requirements of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(UK publisher would be a mixed blessing. Everything would have to be translated into English. The volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would be a third of its size. Here, instead, we have over 700 pages in Spanish, Italian and English, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French. But a UK publisher would at least have insisted on a clearly articulated rationale, a careful definition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and justification of geographical scope, a long synoptic introduction with a literature review ? and an index. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(They do not always order these things better in France.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 131.331 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 100.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 100.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fernand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II \(La )] TJ ET BT 64.016 86.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mditerranne et le monde mditerranen l?poque de Philippe II, 1st edn. 1949, 2nd revised edn. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 72.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1966\), English trans. \(2 vols., London and New York, 1972?3\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 368.312 72.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 368.312 70.803 m 422.300 70.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 57.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 57.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Herzfeld, ?Practical Mediterraneanism: excuses for everything from epistemology to eating?, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 58 0 obj [56 0 R /Fit] endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 60 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 490.2797 697.8535 510.2717 709.7335 ] >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 61 0 obj [56 0 R /Fit] endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 260.9597 614.5735 280.9517 626.4535 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 64 0 obj [56 0 R /Fit] endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 66 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 308.9717 431.5015 328.9637 443.3815 ] >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 68 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 368.3117 71.1175 422.2997 82.9975 ] >> endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 79 0 R 81 0 R 83 0 R 85 0 R 87 0 R 89 0 R 91 0 R 93 0 R 95 0 R 97 0 R 99 0 R 101 0 R 103 0 R 105 0 R 107 0 R 109 0 R ] /Contents 70 0 R >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Length 9485 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in )] TJ ET BT 76.352 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rethinking the Mediterranean)] TJ ET BT 221.000 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. W. V. Harris \(Oxford, 2005\), pp. 45?63. See also Peregrine )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Horden and Nicholas Purcell, )] TJ ET BT 208.988 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Corrupting Sea: A Study of Mediterranean History)] TJ ET BT 474.644 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2000\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p. 486.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 97.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 97.016 766.563 m 151.004 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 753.706 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Words, Texts, and Concepts Cruising the Mediterranean Sea: Studies on the Sources, Contents and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Influences of Islamic Civilization and Arabic Philosophy and Science)] TJ ET BT 397.328 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. 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