%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722103418+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722103418+01'00') /Title (Women, Gender and Religious Cultures in Britain, 1800-1940) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4046 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Women, Gender and Religious Cultures in Britain, 1800-1940)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This volume makes an excellent contribution to the field of religious and gender history, properly marking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the revival of interest in religion within British cultural and social history that has been quietly developing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the past decade. In a well-focused and enjoyable introductory chapter, the editors provide a helpful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survey the developments which have led historians to begin ?to think in more nuanced and judicious ways )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the influence of religion in the formation of women?s private selves and public roles? \(p. 2\). They )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(locate the recent 'religious turn' in part in developments in women?s and gender history, which have been at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the forefront of the development of cultural history analyses and methodologies, and have issued challenges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to both a particular feminist wariness of religion and a simultaneous lack of interest in gender and feminism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in religious history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Religion is defined here as 'an intellectual belief system, a source of personal inspiration and private )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sustenance, an interior form of mystical experience, an influential cultural discourse, a platform for political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(action, and an institutional system of church and chapel structures' \(p. 3\). The ten chapters focus broadly on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christianity and ?explore the diverse cultures in which women encountered, absorbed, influenced and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organised religious faith, belief and practice?: in family life, missions and philanthropic and reform )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks, in sisterhoods and diaconate institutions, as theologians, preachers and feminists, and in terms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1017)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 January, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacqueline deVries)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sue Morgan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780415232135)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(22.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alison Twells)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 2820 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual ideas and practices and less mainstream spiritual traditions. At the heart of the volume is a concern to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore the role of women as ?both the inheritors and makers of their own religious cultures? \(p. 2\): as active )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in their reception and interpretation of religious discourses; and as key contributors to modern British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures of belief.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume opens with a wonderfully stimulating discussion by Sarah Williams of the separate trajectories, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodologies and concerns of the social history of religion, the history of gender and the history of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family with regard to women?s religiosity. Williams critiques the social history of religion for its over-focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on class, and the marginalisation within gender history of religion and spirituality. Innovative work on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of the family and home history ? focusing on the material lives of families ? is also carried out at a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distance from ideas of religion and spirituality. Williams challenges historians to explore the interplay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the concepts of gender, spirituality and the home and so to energise what she calls the 'still life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(model' of middle-class evangelical domestic piety and female moral superiority, derived from Davidoff and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hall and perpetuated by Callum Brown. Urging movement beyond this now clichd stereotype of gendered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evangelicalism, she argues for an exploration of a wider range of Christian discourses about gender, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are shaped by class, locality, denomination and theology. Williams? emphasis on the persistence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peripheral 'folk narratives' and popular religion ? alongside church-based practices ? in forming familial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identities is extremely engaging. Similarly, her discussion of the relationship between religion and material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture, expressed in home decoration and a range of artefacts, such as family bibles, mascots and amulets, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opens up fruitful areas for future historical research.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7477 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A number of essays in the volume reflect the new focus on religious culture that is currently offering a much-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needed revitalisation of 19th-century British history. Julie Melnyck explores the neglected field of women's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to British Christianity as theologians: in subcultures created and sustained through 'para-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical organisations' such as mothers' meetings, mission societies and philanthropic groups, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through hymnody, novels, poetry and periodical writings. She engages with a central concern of the volume: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ways in which women, whilst excluded from the clergy, shaped the larger denominational cultures of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Christianity; and the ways in which women?s theology contributed to both modern feminism and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconceptualisations of the divine. Three essays address the area of missions, philanthropy and reform. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Susan Mumm's discussion of Christian philanthropy focuses on the Young Women?s Christian Association )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Girls? Friendly Society in the late 19th century, to challenge the over-focus among historians on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secular philanthopy. Mumm?s argument that such work aimed for 'modest change and moral uplift' rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than 'saving souls or transforming the social order' \(p. 54\) raises further questions, however: would a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christian 'moral uplift' not transform the social order? Indeed, what was specifically Christian about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moral uplift in the first place? Rhonda Semple's assertion that religious belief was of paramount importance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in women's decisions to enter professions and to put themselves forward for missionary work seems self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evident, yet offers a subtle challenge to the tendency to discuss women's interest in missions in terms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secular issues concerning women's empowerment. Semple looks at the different institutional structures of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(four missionary societies - the London Missionary Society, Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society, Church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Scotland Mission and the China Inland Mission ? and the changing roles for women within them in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later 19th century. She explores the tensions between ecclesiastical structures and familial and informal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church ties and the ambiguities around women's professional status, which contributed to an extension of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what constituted valid missionary labour while retaining an emphasis on women?s civilising qualities. Faith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both restricted and empowered. Clare Midgley's contribution explores the ways in which religion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encouraged women's engagement with reform and also set limits on the scope of their activism in, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, anti-slavery, temperance and rescue work. Midgley emphasises the capacity of informal religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks, both national and transnational, to facilitate middle-class women?s involvement in reform. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case studies of Mary Carpenter, Josephine Butler, Octavia Hill and Elizabeth Fry, clearly demonstrate that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal faith, born out of family and denominational cultures, was inseparable from their politics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanitarianism. In Midgley?s words, ??religion? was not a discrete part of life, confined to Sunday church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attendance; it informed their whole outlook on the world, and was inseparable from their humanitarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethics, their political perspectives and their views on the social position and roles of women? \(p. 154\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Religiously-inspired conscience and courage were central to women?s world views and senses of self.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Like Midgley, Carmen Mangion and Pamela Walker both place a welcome emphasis on denominational )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difference, thereby offering a more complex and nuanced picture of 19th- and early 20th-century women?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religiosity than that provided by the dominant focus on evangelicalism. Mangion's contribution looks at all-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female religious spaces: Anglican sisterhoods, convents which saw the re-establishment of Catholic religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life, and deaconess orders. Each of these experienced opposition from the Protestant majority, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public antipathy lessened towards the end of the 19th century. Mangion explores the different relationships )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of each to clerical authority, and their attraction for women in offering a context for the expression of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal faith and Christian service as well as the development of modes of autonomy and authority which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were in many ways contrary to dominant models of Victorian femininity. Pamela Walker focuses on one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most significant roles within Protestantism: that of the preacher. Walker discusses the ongoing debates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about who should have the authority to preach the word of God and considers denominational differences, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which saw Quaker women traditionally speaking at meetings, creative responses from Methodist women to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasing opposition to their roles as preachers, the openness to women?s spiritual receptivity within 19th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century revivalism, and the ordination of Congregationalist Constance Coltman, the first woman ordained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the Christian ministry in 1915.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sue Morgan?s very fine chapter addresses the absence of both women and religion in the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexuality. Morgan challenges the representation of the history of sexuality, with its dominant legal and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medical-scientific focus, as analogous with secularisation, through an exploration of the significance of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7543 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(churchwomen?s writings on sexual matters. She addresses three main areas: the influence of spiritual beliefs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on attitudes to the body and sex, marital relationships and birth control; women?s involvement in the moral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulation of extra-marital sexual activity via the social purity movement, anti-vice work and attacks on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(double standard; and the role of a 'language of spiritual love and divine compassion' \(p. 175\) in legitimating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celibacy, female friendship and same-sex desire in the context of a virulent heterosexual imperative. Morgan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that discourses of religion and sexuality were interdependent modes 'of truth-telling and self-making' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 159\). She argues that religion in the 19th century was 'sexually capacious' \(p. 179\) and that women's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writings on sex were part of 'broader political and theological agendas' \(p. 160\) that contributed to modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual ideas.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacqueline deVries explores the paradox which sees Christianity as both ?a source of oppressive domestic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideology and a starting point for feminist activism? \(p. 188\). She identifies and addresses a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretative challenges which have contributed to this confusion, including dominant definitions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feminism conceived in secular terms and the reluctance of historians to take seriously religious belief and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religiously-inspired political practice; the sheer variety of Britain?s religious culture, in terms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denomination and regional difference; the elusive nature of religious experience itself, and ?the popularity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among feminists of unorthodox forms of spirituality that defy easy categorisation? \(p. 188\). Focusing on key )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moments in the relationship between Christianity and feminism throughout the 19th and early 20h centuries, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deVries explores in detail the openly religious rhetoric of suffrage activists, whereby women ?co-opted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious language, symbols and ideas to such a degree that it is hard to distinguish between unconscious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural borrowings and self-conscious adaptations? \(p. 199\). They spoke of their conversions to a cause )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was represented as a Christian crusade, for example, and staged political demonstrations that drew on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditions of religious revivals. In turn, feminism had a profound and complex influence on denominational )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christianity. DeVries draws on Mircea Eliade to call for an understanding of religion ?on its own terms?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and argues for a greater understanding of the reciprocal relationship between religious cultures which were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves expansive and flexible and a feminist movement which, ?far more than just a struggle for equal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rights ? was a rich and disparate project of cultural reconstruction? \(p. 204\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joy Dixon moves the discussion of the ?private?, the ?feminine? and the ?spiritual? onto a new terrain, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an inspirational discussion of the relationships between the sacred/secular, public/private, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masculine/feminine as expressed in various late 19th- and early 20th-century movements which were outside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the religious mainstream: higher criticism and development of a liberal theology; spiritualism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theosophy; the study of comparative religion; and the psychology of religion. Dixon shows the binary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposition of the sacred and the secular, while apparently dichotomous, to be fluid and subject to interesting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slippages which often turned on issues of gender and public/private practice. Crises of faith, she argues, far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from being a masculine and unproblematic dimension of late 19th-century Christianity, are part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ongoing transformations of religious cultures. Dixon emphasises the necessity to explore the construction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships between femininity, religion and domestic/private space, and the sheer inadequacy of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language of faith and doubt and of simplistic constructions of the sacred and the secular for understanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the processes of modernity and secularisation. We need to refrain from assuming we ?know in advance what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?secularisation? \(or for that matter spirituality\) looks like? \(p. 226\), she argues, and to engage in more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of the dynamic between the private, the feminine and the spiritual in different historical contexts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is little to find fault with in this volume. Indeed, it is rare these days that I devour a whole book in one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(or two\) sittings. The contributions are well conceived and well focused, each surveying existing scholarship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and exploring possibilities for new research, as well as developing a specific area of enquiry. The shift away )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from evangelicalism is very much to be welcomed, as is the complication of female agency and the emphasis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on denominational difference. A further strength lies in beginning to probe a little more deeply what we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mean when we say that women received 'sustenance' from their religious beliefs and practice; to explore the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal meanings of the ?spiritual?. There remain some gaps, inevitably so, with comparative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denominational studies, transnational \(especially European\) influences and networks, and also women?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shifts between denominations still requiring a good deal of work. But this volume is successful in its \(very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable\) aims: to ?rethink the narrative turning-points in British religious history? \(p. 9\), and to disrupt )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 4548 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(truisms, especially those associated with the ?feminisation of religion? model and with assumptions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerning Christianity?s apparently oppressive relationship to women. Also to be appreciated is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily deep engagement with Callum Brown?s compelling arguments in )] TJ ET BT 407.636 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Death of Christian Britain)] TJ ET BT 555.656 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 752.307 m 48.008 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Brown?s transformation of the field through his prioritisation of ?discursive Christianity? over a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quantitative approach, and his rethinking of the periodisation of secularisation and the place of gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(therein, was utterly compelling. While a number of the chapters here are critical of Brown?s focus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly on ?evangelical still life?, the role of women in leading the apparent secularisation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postwar years, and indeed the shape of secularisation itself, this book shares a great deal with hiss work, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least in its freshness in offering new ways of exploring the relationship between women and religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women, Gender and Religious Cultures in Britain)] TJ ET BT 275.012 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( successfully demonstrates the myriad ways in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women ?have consistently contributed to the revitalisation an re-imagining of the cultures of faith in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they found themselves, despite confronting a series of breathtaking ideological, theological and practical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(barriers to equality with men in institutional forms of religion? \(p. 232\). The chapters by Williams, Morgan, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deVries and Dixon in particular are extremely stimulating in opening up new areas of enquiry, and as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole this book provides exactly what the field needs: a discussion of British Christianity which explores )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's agency in their encounter with Christian discourses; which offers an interrogation of the categories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the sacred and the secular; and which examines the profound connections between \(expansive and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flexible\) Christian cultures and the histories of sexuality, reform, feminism, the family and domesticity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.963 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 462.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Callum Brown, )] TJ ET BT 141.020 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Death of Christian Britain: Understanding Secularisation 1800-2000)] TJ ET BT 495.368 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 446.691 m 149.000 446.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors wish to thank the reviewer for her considered and comprehensive analysis and feedback and do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 381.317 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 367.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 362.335 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 344.555 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 344.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1017)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 343.161 m 328.316 343.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 318.184 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 303.784 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5214)] TJ ET BT 34.016 289.384 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 752.6215 48.0077 764.5015 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 447.0055 148.9997 458.8855 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 343.4755 328.3157 355.3555 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1017) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000568 00000 n 0000000650 00000 n 0000004748 00000 n 0000004857 00000 n 0000004967 00000 n 0000005076 00000 n 0000008637 00000 n 0000008765 00000 n 0000008849 00000 n 0000008914 00000 n 0000011787 00000 n 0000011852 00000 n 0000019382 00000 n 0000019447 00000 n 0000027043 00000 n 0000027141 00000 n 0000031742 00000 n 0000031772 00000 n 0000031898 00000 n 0000031934 00000 n 0000032061 00000 n 0000032116 00000 n 0000032244 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32340 %%EOF