%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722075549+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722075549+01'00') /Title (Royalists and Royalism during the Interregnum) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4856 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Royalists and Royalism during the Interregnum)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors of this volume situate their collection of essays in a landscape in which the interregnum as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole is neglected territory for historians, and the royalist experience of it an unexplored substratum. Even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowing for the tendency towards polemical overstatement that marks their own contributions to this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume, their assessment is in general terms accurate. Little work has been done by historians on either the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royalists' fight back or their passivity; the editors mention the works of Hardacre \(1956\) and Underdown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1960\) as having dominated the field since they were written.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 328.628 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 328.628 200.649 m 342.620 200.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 342.620 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Geoffrey Smith's book of 2003, )] TJ ET BT 500.432 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cavaliers in Exile, 1640-1660)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 181.676 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 181.676 186.393 m 195.668 186.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 195.668 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is a fine study of the royalist experience in exile, but does not supersede )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Underdown on the politics of royalist plotting. The editors of this volume deal briskly with their fellow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, pitying all those scholars who 'looked down on printed items in favour of manuscript sources' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11\) and students of royalism who 'traditionally either ignored print-culture or confined themselves to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study of the )] TJ ET BT 93.680 130.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eikon Basilike)] TJ ET BT 163.340 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(' \(p. 11\); historians of those who lost the civil wars who have 'remained doggedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-centric' \(p. 214\); and the entire undifferentiated mass of 'historians of the English civil wars' who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have 'long held negative views of Charles I and have traditionally [that adjective again] displayed little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest in either the experience of Royalists or the phenomenon of royalism' \(p. 227\). All have been 'blind to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of men and women in the three kingdoms who supported the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stuarts' \(p. 227\). To set things right, the editors have kindly provided readers with a set of essays that are 'an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1018)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 January, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jason McElligott)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David L. Smith)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719081613)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen K. Roberts)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 328.6277 200.9635 342.6197 212.8435 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 181.6757 186.7075 195.6677 198.5875 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7810 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important milestone in the recovery of the Royalist experience of the 1650s ... a quantum leap in our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding ...' \(p. 3\). The Introduction identifies seven 'broad themes' in the 11 substantive essays which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follow it. The )] TJ ET BT 102.680 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(main)] TJ ET BT 126.680 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( themes of the volume might be reduced to three: the cultural expressions of royalism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(chapters four, eight, nine, ten\); religious manifestations of it \(chapters two, five\); and exile and royalism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overseas \(chapters six, seven, 11\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A very powerful and convincing essay by Lloyd Bowen, on 'Seditious speech and popular royalism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1649?60', does not fall into any of these categories. This essay rests on a study of cases in the courts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Upper Bench, the northern circuit assizes, great sessions in Wales, quarter sessions in both eastern and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(western English counties and the metropolitan courts of quarter sessions for Middlesex and Westminster. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author points out, prosecutions for seditious speech were most numerous around the time of the regicide, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and other moments of crisis in the development of the fledgling republic coupled with phases of more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(efficient and determined crackdown produced more court cases on actionable words spoken. Against those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who would see those outbursts by ordinary people against the Commonwealth which would land them in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(court as merely anti-authority, Bowen carefully draws attention both to the context and the similarities in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(utterances. Too many individuals explicitly resorted to defiant words against Parliament, or the House of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commons, or the Lord Protector for their speech to be dismissed as the shapeless invective of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recalcitrant masses. Bowen detects a form of class criticism among the ordinary royalists he studies, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appears in the language reported of them in court. Republican officials were often marginally less exalted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than the king's servants they replaced, and the salty language of their outspoken critics often exaggerated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their social abasement, making them 'rogues', 'knaves' and even 'churls'. By contrast, the term 'cavalier', in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the context of prosecutions of royalists for seditious words, was a badge of suffering and loyalty. Bowen has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found some interesting examples of the drinking of toasts, which he analyses as 'not simply gesture politics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but rather a politics of gesture'. Most interestingly of all, the author suggests that in this language of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposition may be found the roots of popular Toryism under the later Stuarts. This is an intriguing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibility which necessarily is left for exploration elsewhere, but if the use of alcohol was an aspect of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('oppositional discourse' of 1650s royalists, the case of John Jones, the curate of the Welsh parish of Coety in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1731 poses some interesting interpretative questions. Haled before the church court for ?cursing, swearing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fighting and quarreling?, he taught fencing and fighting rather than the catechism.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 426.944 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 426.944 398.163 m 440.936 398.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 440.936 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( What in the 1730s was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treated as aberrant, out-of-control behaviour would in the 1650s probably have been called cavalierism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bowen's article is for this reviewer the pick of the collection, but it is a pity that the potentially rich vein of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular royalism, and the culture of non-elite groups in which it was located, is accorded so little attention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elsewhere in this volume. That said, the essays which focus on cultural expressions of royalism further up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the social scale offer many fresh insights. In an essay entitled 'Artful ambivalence? Picturing Charles I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the Interregnum', Helen Pierce traces the waxing and waning of kingly imagery in the public domain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after 30 January 1649. She detects no urgency on the part of Parliament or its supporters to remove royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(images from public view, but on the contrary considers that there was a reluctance on the part of the Rump )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to denigrate the king pictorially. It is remarkable that no definitely English depiction of the act of regicide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems to have been produced, or at least has survived. The death of the older Charles seems to have inhibited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not only the production of new images of his demise, but also the destruction of old ones of him in his pomp, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but no such self-imposed restraint applied when it came to the younger one. Derogatory images of Charles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stuart, the future Charles II, were prevalent around 1651 and the incursion by the Scots. Like Lloyd Bowen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the case of seditious speech, Helen Pierce notes a relationship between the manifestation of royalism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the hostile state. The circulation of images in print of the late king and his family was regulated in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pattern of 'peaks and troughs' of Cromwellian censorship which owed everything to matters of state security. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is clear that the impulse towards iconoclasm which targeted images in stone of Charles I included his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(father, in the case of St Paul's cathedral at least, but did not extend to further back in the royal line, so that in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1657 the statues of kings at the Old Exchange were even subjected lovingly to 'brushing, washing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cleansing' \(p. 70\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the climate of benign indulgence which at times marked the protectorate's approach to cultural matters but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never to those affecting state security, it was possible for royalists to pursue their intellectual interests )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 426.9437 398.4775 440.9357 410.3575 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 4864 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without let or hindrance. William Dugdale is a prime example of a beneficiary of the government's approach. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jan Broadway's essay on Dugdale's production of his )] TJ ET BT 291.632 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of St Paul's)] TJ ET BT 385.208 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1658\) complements a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other articles she has published on his antiquarian enterprises and his own self-fashioning. As against those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who would doubt his commitment to the royalist cause, because of his association in literary enterprises with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliamentarians \(when it suited him\), Broadway insists that Dugdale was 'always a Royalist and always a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supporter of the established church' \(p. 202\). The truth of the former is evident by the company he kept. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even though 'lovers of antiquities' could include supporters of Parliament and/or Cromwell, the range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dugdale's correspondence locates him firmly in the camp of those who wished well to monarchy. As for his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support for the established church, it is rather his loyalty to the episcopal church which is discernible in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dugdale's various projects. During the interregnum, the church was never disestablished, its official title )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remaining 'Church of England', and Dugdale would never have been tempted in the direction of the sects or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of gathered churches. Like many, perhaps the majority, of gentry royalists he continued to attend services in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parish churches, enduring whatever liturgy commanded there.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dugdale's publishing successes in the 1650s are well known, as is his method of seeking subscribers for his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiquarian publications. The world of writing plays with allusions to kingship during the 1650s is as closed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the theatres themselves. James Loxley's subtle and complex essay on 'Royalism, theatre and the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ontology of the person in post-Regicide writing' explores the necessarily elliptical world of playwrights and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their patrons, focusing on the patronage of James Compton, 3rd earl of Northampton, whose father had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(killed at Hopton Heath in 1643 while fighting for the king. Loxley shows how the trope of disguise figures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strongly in the texts of a number of 1650s plays, in the context both of plot development involving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characters adopting disguises ? including ones known to have been associated with the fleeing Charles Stuart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after Worcester in 1651, for example ? and the overarching concept or theme of disguised kingship. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Furthermore, the prospective quality of these plays, in presenting themselves for future production, 'mimic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the element of articulate political longing in post-Regicide royalism' \(p. 164\). Though there are scholars who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have apparently detected signs that these plays were actually performed, this essay does not engage with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions of performance and confines itself to textual analysis. More public impact and public significance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attached to John Quarles's extension of Shakespeare's )] TJ ET BT 293.948 413.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rape of Lucrece)] TJ ET BT 393.596 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which as Marcus Nevitt shows, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was packaged by the royalist poet in such a way as to enable readers not to associate Tarquin with predatory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and tyrannical kingship. While playwrights such as Cosmo Maunche were surreptitiously writing the king )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into their work, Quarles by contrast did his best to provide for royalists 'a version of Shakespeare which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might permit them to forget the recent past' \(p. 189\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 7736 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The theme of exile in this volume emerges in the essay by Geoffrey Smith on Daniel O'Neill, an Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experienced soldier who acquired a post in the royal household after his management of the mission of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marquess of Antrim to Ireland in 1644. The author charts O'Neill's demeanour as he wandered around )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe with the exiled court, and respects the swordsman's ingenuity and resourcefulness. In this essay, we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are provided with the four pages on royalist plotting that the book offers. O'Neill's mesmeric preoccupation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the early months of 1653 with what Cromwell and Col. Thomas Harrison were doing, rather than with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plotting to overthrow them, helps fix the reactive quality of royalist plotting and explain its limitations. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author avails himself of the essay-length biography to take us into the mind and character of a not untypical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royalist exile. A major theme that emerges from the study of exile is how particular locations for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royalists overseas became appropriate for them at particular junctures, and the essay by Ann Hughes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Julie Sanders, on 'Gender, geography and exile' pursues this strand more broadly, with particular reference to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Low Countries. The authors stress the 'complex matrix of interactions and intersections between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epistemological categories of gender, place and exile' \(p. 143\). Journeys and reunions were an important part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this story as they affected women and their families, and the qualities of resistance and defiance required )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of them tell a story that is distinctively gendered. The busy, ever-helpful editors acknowledge that this essay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is 'important and innovative', but wonder whether 'for some readers it may raise the question of as to whether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gender history in this context is merely a new way of "doing" the history of the court and the Royalist elite' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.12\). This essay is in fact very successful and delivers on its own promises; the lack of attention generally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this volume to non-elite experiences, the essay by Bowen excepted, is a problem that has to be laid at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(door of the editors themselves, not at that of the contributors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jason McElligott's is the last of the essays to consider royalism overseas, and deals with the evidence for and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the genuineness of the Declaration from Virginia which found its way into print in London in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(January 1650, a year after the regicide. The Declaration in question is worth the attention the author bestows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on it, because it is a sophisticated statement of royalist resistance to the Commonwealth government. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author judiciously weighs up the evidence for its authenticity, and concludes that it probably was genuine. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That it could only find its way into print in )] TJ ET BT 242.024 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Man in the Moon)] TJ ET BT 346.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, organ of the most scurrilous, inaccurate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and dirty-minded of editors, John Crouch, shows how isolated the American royalists were in 1650, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should make historians take this particular newspaper more seriously. The Chesapeake colonies were solidly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royalist, having little in common with Puritan New England further north, and it was there the protectorate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed a destination for a labour supply unwanted at home, through the mechanism of indentured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(servitude. This essay is not about the royalist experience in the Chesapeake, however, but about a message )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Virginia that reached the London gutter press. Had it been about the politics of that colony, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting clause in the Declaration that acknowledges the existence there of a minority group, 'some few of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Independent party', might have deserved some attention.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The topic of religion is handled deftly in this collection by some practised historians. In an important and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful chapter, Kenneth Fincham and Stephen Taylor bring to bear the data compiled for their Clergy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(database project. In their essay, 'Episcopalian conformity and nonconformity, 1646?60', they show among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other things, that ordinations by the remains of the episcopal hierarchy continued after the civil war, and they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have evidence for 559 known ordinations between 1646 and 1660. This figure is thought to amount to no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more than 16 per cent of actual ordinations. Of these, some 30 per cent of the clergy were ordained by just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three bishops, and the most active bishop in this regard was the little-known Thomas Fulwar, bishop of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ardfert in Ireland, who is thought to have ordained nearly 1,000. The dominant feature of these ordinations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was that they were not products of the culture of royalist exile, in Europe or further afield. They took place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in England. While these ordinations show the continued vitality of the English episcopalian community, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process by which the clergy reached accommodation with the Commonwealth regime was one of negotiation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and a strategy of conformity. The authors go further, suggesting in the case of Robert Skinner, bishop of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford, whose continued involvement in ordinations seems to have been with the tacit approval of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protectorate, that he 'had made some kind of deal with the regime' \(p. 32\). The kind of deal the authors have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in mind would have been one by which Skinner might have been allowed quietly to continue ordaining in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(return for a )] TJ ET BT 90.992 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(de facto)] TJ ET BT 129.320 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( acceptance of the government's authority. The most important conclusion to emerge )] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 7770 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from this chapter is that the character of Anglicanism after 1660 owed much to the strategy of conformity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adopted during the 1650s by many clergy, whose experiences helped shape later active obedience to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchy even under the rebarbative regime of James II.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The pragmatic vitality of survivalist clergy is a very useful corrective to narratives of 'sufferings of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clergy' and devotion to the martyr king, and a further vigorous challenge to received interpretation is found )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Anthony Milton's essay on 'royalist criticism of Charles I's kingship', an idea which will seem to many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers like a contradiction in terms. The essay is a study of Peter Heylyn's )] TJ ET BT 397.112 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Observations)] TJ ET BT 461.108 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1656\), a critique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Charles's style of monarchy. The author shows how Heylyn developed the argument that the king had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surrounded himself with subordinates who led him into disastrous policies; in so doing, Charles had 'vailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his crown', that is, doffed or removed it. Anthony Milton finds that few of Heylyn's contemporaries were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prepared to go as far down the road of criticism of the late king as he was, but this essay is a useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corrective to the view that )] TJ ET BT 162.320 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eikon Basilike)] TJ ET BT 231.980 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( provided the only critique of monarchy that royalists could accept, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and also challenges the view of the historian Andrew Lacey that Heylyn's purpose in writing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Observations )] TJ ET BT 101.012 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was to defend the image of the saintly king against critics who were 'not sufficiently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hagiographic' \(p. 98\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The last chapter in the collection, by D'Maris Coffman on the earl of Southampton's oversight of the excise, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a study in administrative history, a sub-genre that is becoming rare. It illustrates the theme of continuity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matters of taxation between interregnum and the monarchical regime that followed it, and is a useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addition to a small stock of literature about the excise tax. The author argues completely convincingly that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Southampton's management of the excise derived from his observations and interpretations of interregnum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precedents, but these observations were not based on any privileged position or special insight into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(workings of government in the 1650s. Southampton spent that decade in political purdah, and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pragmatism in the 1660s was shared by other officials of Charles II's government who profited or drew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lessons from the experiences of their 1650s predecessors in managing the navy, the army and other aspects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of government. Southampton's investigation into previous holders of excise posts was part of a wider drive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards bringing former officials to account, and cannot be seen as an initiative of his alone. The author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notes that the auditor of the excise was John Birch, without offering the reader any hint that this was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same John Birch who had fought the king during the civil war and had become a pugnacious governor of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hereford for parliament. This chapter, valuable as it is as a study of the excise in the early 1660s, seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misplaced in this collection, and in fact has little to do with royalists and royalism during the interregnum. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Like any collection of essays, this one provides a snapshot of scholarship on its topic at a particular moment. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If it is representative of current work in progress, there is a great deal of work being done on texts of various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kinds, less on empirical research on the lives of provincial royalists during the interregnum or on plots and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plotting, and less still on the lives of non-elites who might have considered themselves to be of the king's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(party. In popular imagination, the experience of royalists after 1649 is surely summed up in the painting by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Frederick Yeames, )] TJ ET BT 169.988 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(And when Did You Last See Your Father?)] TJ ET BT 371.660 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the 1870s or by Frederick )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marryat's novel, )] TJ ET BT 115.160 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Children of the New Forest)] TJ ET BT 267.500 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1847\). Even though negotiation with the Cromwellian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state ?which turns out to have been a permissive state ? is a submerged theme in many of these chapters, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weight of that state upon ordinary people's lives during the 1650s is not a major story in this collection, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lloyd Bowen's contribution notwithstanding. It is remarkable that in the 256 pages of this book there is only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one reference in the endnotes to the composition papers of royalists in The National Archives \(SP 23\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not a single one to the Victorian calendar of it, )] TJ ET BT 260.312 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Calendar of the Committee for Compounding with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Delinquents)] TJ ET BT 92.012 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in the 20th century a main quarry for those investigating the lives of royalists. This book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well-produced and appropriately, if not lavishly, illustrated. Generally the text is edited to a high standard, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although someone should have spotted the use of 'cuttlers' for cutlers \(p. 47\), 'borne' for born \(p. 189\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('swang' for swung \(p. 227\) and 'grizzly' for grisly \(p. 237\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 84.051 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 53.434 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P. H. Hardacre, )] TJ ET BT 141.320 53.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Royalists during the Puritan Revolution)] TJ ET BT 353.660 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(The Hague, 1956\); D. E. Underdown, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 39.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Royalist Conspiracy in England, 1649-1660)] TJ ET endstream endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 32 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Length 2074 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New Haven, CT, 1960\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 183.320 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 183.320 795.075 m 237.308 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 782.218 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Geoffrey Smith, )] TJ ET BT 145.004 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cavaliers in Exile, 1640-1660)] TJ ET BT 310.664 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Basingstoke, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 413.324 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 413.324 780.819 m 467.312 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eryn M. White, ?A ?Poor Benighted Church?? Church and society in mid-eighteenth-century Wales?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in )] TJ ET BT 76.352 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From Medieval to Modern Wales: historical essays in honour of Kenneth O. Morgan and Ralph A. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Griffiths)] TJ ET BT 104.696 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. R. R. Davies and G. H. Jenkins \(Cardiff, 2004\), p. 129.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 392.660 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 392.660 738.051 m 446.648 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 694.207 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 676.427 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 676.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1018)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 675.033 m 328.316 675.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 650.056 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 635.656 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5218)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.256 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 183.3197 795.3895 237.3077 807.2695 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 413.3237 781.1335 467.3117 793.0135 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 392.6597 738.3655 446.6477 750.2455 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 675.3475 328.3157 687.2275 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1018) >> endobj xref 0 41 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000562 00000 n 0000000658 00000 n 0000005566 00000 n 0000005675 00000 n 0000005785 00000 n 0000005894 00000 n 0000009455 00000 n 0000009583 00000 n 0000009667 00000 n 0000009696 00000 n 0000009824 00000 n 0000009860 00000 n 0000009889 00000 n 0000010017 00000 n 0000010053 00000 n 0000010137 00000 n 0000018000 00000 n 0000018030 00000 n 0000018158 00000 n 0000018194 00000 n 0000018259 00000 n 0000023176 00000 n 0000023241 00000 n 0000031030 00000 n 0000031095 00000 n 0000038918 00000 n 0000039023 00000 n 0000041150 00000 n 0000041278 00000 n 0000041333 00000 n 0000041461 00000 n 0000041516 00000 n 0000041644 00000 n 0000041699 00000 n 0000041827 00000 n trailer << /Size 41 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 41923 %%EOF