%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 26 0 R 67 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818062240+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818062240+01'00') /Title (A Three-Cornered Life: The Historian W. K. Hancock) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 1799 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A Three-Cornered Life: The Historian W. K. Hancock)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1027)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 January, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim Davidson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781742231266)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(44.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(624pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of New South Wales Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sydney)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Doug Munro)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 5054 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the connecting strands in this major biography of the Australian historian W. K. Hancock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1898?1988\) is the question of his shifting reputation. Hancock was a son of the vicarage, who took out a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brilliant First at the University of Melbourne. Arriving in Oxford, via a Rhodes Scholarship, as ?a dreadfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purposeful young man?, he went on to a glittering career. On the surface his professional reputation might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seem unassailable. In a long life, Hancock occupied chairs of history at Adelaide, Birmingham, Oxford and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London before seeing out his career at the Australian National University \(ANU\) in Canberra. He wrote )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some 20 books, depending how they are counted, including the magisterial )] TJ ET BT 396.308 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Survey of British Commonwealth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Affairs)] TJ ET BT 66.692 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1937, 1940, 1942\), a two-volume biography of Jan Christiaan Smuts \(1962, 1968\), and a path )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breaking regional history \()] TJ ET BT 161.660 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Discovering Monaro)] TJ ET BT 261.980 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1972\). Along the way he picked up two knighthoods and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nine honorary doctorates. His varied career included the editorship of the Civil Series of the official British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of World War II, being one of ANU?s four Academic Advisors, and the driving force behind the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishment of the )] TJ ET BT 133.676 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Australian Dictionary of Biography)] TJ ET BT 305.348 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Beyond the ivory tower, he was the mediator in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and constitutional crisis in the Kingdom of Buganda within the Protectorate of Uganda \(in 1954\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and after retirement he made another foray into the public domain, this time assuming the mantle of activist, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the bitter and futile battle to prevent a telecommunications tower being erected on Canberra?s Black )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mountain \(in the early 1970s\). He remained academically active during his long retirement, attending his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last seminar at ANU only one month before his death, aged 90.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With such solid underpinnings, one would think that Hancock?s reputation is secure ? and it is not that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been forgotten. There is a residue of increasingly aging people who knew him as a mentor or colleague; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there are recent journal articles on his )] TJ ET BT 217.628 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(oeuvre)] TJ ET BT 250.280 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and institutional work; and the proceedings of a major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conference on Hancock at ANU in 1998 was published three years later, and edited by Anthony Low.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 521.900 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 521.900 485.955 m 535.892 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 535.892 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purposes of that conference were to restore Hancock to his proper prominence as much as to recognise his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achievements. Although Hancock had died only nine years before the ANU conference, he was already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(becoming somewhat detached from the living and breathing historical profession. He is still well known and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read in his native Australia, as Jim Davidson points out, and William Roger Louis proclaims Hancock as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greatest single figure in British imperial historiography \(by no means all would agree\), but Hancock lacks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his former lustre and Davidson puts it well in saying that ?Hancock?s once immense reputation is now hard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for Australians to grasp: most of it was earned outside Australia, and the Commonwealth context which gave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it coherence has virtually collapsed? \(p. 510\). Hancock played out his career on a world stage but the world )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only knows him in bits and pieces.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 521.8997 486.2695 535.8917 498.1495 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8703 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much of it was of Hancock?s unintended doing. One of the famous phrases he coined was ?attachment, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(justice and span?. He saw this trilogy as ?cardinal virtues? for the historian but his adherence to ?span? has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not helped his cause. He was eclectic in his successive interests, resulting in an output so varied that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians in one field often have little idea of his contribution to other fields. His first book was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ricasoli and the Risorgimento in Tuscany)] TJ ET BT 235.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1926\), and apart from later work on Machiavelli he abandoned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the history of Italy. Certainly his present-centred analysis \()] TJ ET BT 316.304 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Australia)] TJ ET BT 360.980 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1930\) has retained is original )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(iconoclasm, but the three massive projects on which he embarked have largely fallen by the wayside. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Survey of British Commonwealth Affairs)] TJ ET BT 228.692 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is necessarily dated. Besides, the Commonwealth was already on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the slide at the time of writing, and Hancock cheerfully admitted that he couldn?t recommend the )] TJ ET BT 504.272 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Survey)] TJ ET BT 536.924 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ?to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anyone of feeble health and weak determination?. )] TJ ET BT 275.948 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British War Economy)] TJ ET BT 379.940 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1949\) has never been treated than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other as a reference book. )] TJ ET BT 160.628 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Smuts)] TJ ET BT 189.296 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a forgotten biography, partly because Smuts himself has been displaced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Nelson Mandela as the national hero of South Africa. But even when the two volumes emerged in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1960s, it was apparent that Hancock was out of tune with the times in eliding the experiences and aspiration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of black South Africans: he seemed loath to engage with the moral issues embedded in South African )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, whereas in many of his other writings he took overtly ethical positions on matters about which he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(felt strongly. That aside, could an historian ever have been more unfortunate in his choice of topics? Thus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Davidson?s richly-textured biography of Hancock exemplifies the seeming paradox of the genre: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biographies of historians comprise a roll call of former greats, yet they are also rescue missions to revive a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flagging reputation. There is no doubt that Hancock?s stocks will rise appreciably now that this biography is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out and about.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Its title, )] TJ ET BT 73.688 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Three-Cornered Life)] TJ ET BT 183.680 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, seems obscure at first sight; it alludes to Hancock?s eclecticism and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being a wandering scholar. The triangle involves the spacial loves of his life, which Davidson puts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metaphorically in familial terms: Australia \(his ?mother country?\), England \(his ?wife?\) and Italy \(his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?mistress?\), although Italy was to be replaced by South Africa. It was never a quadrilateral because Hancock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(didn?t go to war \(his mother would not allow him to enlist\) and because his wife Theaden?s hysterectomy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(left them childless, to his great sorrow, and thus Hancock felt ?incomplete?. ?These were persisting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vulnerabilities?, writes Davidson, ?which not even prodigious achievement could overcome? \(p. x\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To see Hancock as having a three-cornered life is to modify another famous phrase he coined. His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(autobiography \()] TJ ET BT 110.336 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Country and Calling)] TJ ET BT 209.684 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1954\) graphically delineates the tension between an attachment to his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homeland and the need to pursue advancement overseas. Thus, a second theme pursued in )] TJ ET BT 469.256 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Three-Cornered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Life)] TJ ET BT 52.688 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is that of expatriatism. The autobiography would have been better titled )] TJ ET BT 402.308 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Country or Calling)] TJ ET BT 494.324 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, given the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambivalences of Hancock?s expatriatism. When he returned as professor at the University of Adelaide in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1926 but he found both the university and the city inimical to a life of the mind. He complained that no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major research could be accomplished in Adelaide but that is where )] TJ ET BT 362.276 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Australia)] TJ ET BT 406.952 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, his most enduring book, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(written. He departed for Birmingham eight years later, telling his departmental assistant that he was going )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?to where history?s worth doing and the company?s worth keeping?. Back in England the pull of ?calling? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was stronger than the beckoning of ?country?, and he was not prepared to return as professor to his )] TJ ET BT 512.240 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(alma )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(mater)] TJ ET BT 62.012 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, despite Melbourne being congenial, because this would have taken him away from the )] TJ ET BT 485.936 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Survey)] TJ ET BT 518.588 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complicated matters that Theaden wanted to be in England when they were in Australia, and in Australia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when they were in England. Country )] TJ ET BT 213.656 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and)] TJ ET BT 231.656 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( calling finally came together in 1957 ? three years after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication of the autobiography ? when Hancock was inveigled back to Australia as Professor of History )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Director of the Research School of Social Sciences at ANU. Almost two decades later, in his sequel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book of autobiographical studies \()] TJ ET BT 197.996 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Professing History)] TJ ET BT 288.332 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1976\), Hancock still found himself ?in love with two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soils?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The metaphor is apt, and it introduces a third theme ? the landscape ? that interweaves )] TJ ET BT 450.932 121.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Three-Cornered Life)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Hancock was forever thinking about the environment and applying that thought to different circumstances. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is a straight environmental line from Tuscany to Monaro. Working on his first book, he idealised the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agricultural landscape of hillside terraces and the land use system generally. As well, he donned a stout pair )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of boots, tramped the countryside and interviewed eyewitnesses. His early Tuscan foray crystallised a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mindset that had enduring implications. Not least, Smuts?s ?lasting attachment to the African landscape? \(p. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7917 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(343\) provided one of several points of contact between biographer and subject. When Hancock took up his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position at ANU in 1957 he established the interdisciplinary ?Wool Seminar?, which ran for two years. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seminar eased Hancock back into Australian history and ultimately )] TJ ET BT 358.964 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Discovering Monaro)] TJ ET BT 459.284 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researched with assurance and gusto. \(Let it be said in passing that the dust jacket portrait exactly captures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the light and colours of the countryside around Canberra.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A life so long, with experiences so numerous, and an )] TJ ET BT 291.308 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(oeuvre)] TJ ET BT 323.960 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( so varied has entailed massive research spread )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across 36 archival repositories in four different countries, not to mention papers in private possession and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visit to the Ricasoli estate in Tuscany. As well, Davidson knew Hancock, off and on, for over 20 years \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ix?x\) and he has a background in Australian and South African history. Quite independent of provenance is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Davidson?s desire to tell his own story. He has avoided using Hancock?s autobiographical writings wherever )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possible, preferring to rely on his own archival research. He is, of course, conversant with previous writings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on Hancock but does not explicitly engage with them, and neither does he berate historians who have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perpetrated factual errors ? myself included. Least of all does he bother with a story, which I find hard to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(credit, that Peter Ryan put into print. Ryan at the time was publisher at Melbourne University Press and he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(happened to be seated beside Hancock at a ?grand dinner? at University House, Canberra. Ryan asked a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?friendly question? about Alf Conlon, who had been involved with the establishment of ANU, to which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hancock ?almost spat in my ear: ?Alf Conlon was a c***?!?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 324.620 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 324.620 554.979 m 338.612 554.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As well dealing with Hancock?s published output, Davidson deals with Hancock the man and Hancock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institution-builder. One side to Hancock was wholly admirable. He was a great encourager and facilitator, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the kindly and ?puckish? side to Hancock is captured to perfection on front cover photograph of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Low?s conference proceedings. At one point in Adelaide he increased his already-heavy teaching )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(load in order that the departmental assistant might have two-years leave in London to work on his thesis \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(85\). Some 30 years later at ANU he managed to kick-start his departmental colleague Laurie Fitzhardinge?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commissioned biography of Billy Hughes \(a former Australian prime minister\) into life. Fitzhardinge was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ditherer and a chatterbox, and Hancock?s stratagem was that they meet every Friday morning and each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would read out what he had written the week before \(p. 415\). He cared about the profession and was able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bring out the best work in people under his charge. It follows that ?he would have loathed the corporate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(university of today? \(p. 509\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There was a less attractive side to Hancock, who had more than a usual quota of conflicting qualities. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was inclined to throw his weight around; had a keen sense of his own importance; was strongly hierarchical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(as fitted the times\); sometimes behaved badly at seminars in the face of criticism; and occasionally pursued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his objectives with an unpleasant determination. Davidson provides plenty of examples, not least in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of Hancock?s time as Academic Advisor at ANU in the late 1940s and early 1950s when he so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(badly misread people and circumstances \(in contrast to his work in Buganda a few years later\). In part, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maladroitness was the product of an old-fashioned liberalism suffused with an Anglican ethic ? the very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(values that served him well in other contexts. He believed that rational discussion would provide proper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outcomes but was at a loss when confronted with sabotage. The establishment of the )] TJ ET BT 442.292 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Australian Dictionary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of Biography)] TJ ET BT 97.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( almost floundered on the rock of Malcolm Ellis?s intransigence. Hancock was no more able )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than the next man to handle unrestrained dissent but the fact remains that his basic values impelled him to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allow an untenable situation to go from bad to worse; and this happened not once but twice at ANU.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second episode concerned Lord Lindsay of Birker \(Michael Lindsay\), who had been passed over for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chair in International Relations within ANU?s Research School of Pacific Studies. The received wisdom, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which Davidson repeats, is that the unstable Michael Lindsay aspired to a chair for which he had no claim. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the time of Hancock?s arrival at ANU, Martin Wight of LSE had been offered the chair and Lindsay was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up in arms, thus providing further evidence of his unfitness to professorial advancement. Hancock, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevailing account goes, encouraged Lindsay to express his concerns to Wight, and he did so in terms that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuaded Wight to stay at LSE. Lindsay was indeed impossible but James Cotton has recently demonstrated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ANU bears much of the responsibility. Quite apart from being acting head of department for several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years and establishing International Relations at ANU both in disciplinary and departmental terms, he had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been repeatedly misled by the university about his own prospects. More to the point, )] TJ ET BT 442.640 49.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(he)] TJ ET BT 453.968 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was better qualified )] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 324.6197 555.2935 338.6117 567.1735 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R 41 0 R 44 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R 65 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 9793 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and better published than Wight, not the other way around. And it turns out that Hancock was quietly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conducting a correspondence with Wight, advising him what to say to Lindsay. It was duplicitous and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lindsay had cause to dub Hancock ?Sir Fox?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 253.976 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 253.976 766.563 m 267.968 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An element of ?Sir Fox? is also evident in Hancock?s interference in the running of the Research School of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific Studies \(RSPacS\) from his seat as Director of the Research School of Social Sciences \(RSSS\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extent of these interventions are not always apparent in )] TJ ET BT 301.628 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Three-Cornered Life)] TJ ET BT 411.620 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and they went beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(providing the academic leadership expected of him. It is true that Hancock insisted, as a condition of his own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appointment, that he be consulted on the appointment of the new anthropology professor in RSPacS, given )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?close interweaving? of the two Research Schools.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 295.292 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 295.292 669.027 m 309.284 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 309.284 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Soon after arriving he terminated the Joint Faculty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Board and the two Schools went their separate ways. That did not stop Hancock from continuing to involve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself in the anthropology appointment, a messy and sorry affair to which he contributed. As the successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(applicant remarked, ?... Hancock?s propensity for acting a broker in the professorial market-place remained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undiminished?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 107.684 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 107.684 612.003 m 121.676 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 121.676 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( He could not keep his interfering fingers off such things, even when they did not directly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concern him. The unsuccessful internal candidate complained with brutal, if embittered accuracy, saying that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hancock?s ?form becomes increasingly clear: much protestation that he does not want power and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibility, together with a slow acquisition of both. I should guess that when the time comes he will with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the utmost reluctance allow himself to be persuaded that it is his duty to look after [RSPacS] as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([RSSS]. Meanwhile, with much pretty play on the disabilities of age \(?after all, I?m going on for sixty?\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the joys of other times \(?there was no snobbery at All Souls?\) and of things foregone \(?I have been too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long away to understand the modern Australia?\) he proceeds to dominate?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 393.608 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 393.608 512.211 m 407.600 512.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 407.600 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapter on Hancock?s first marriage \(?Theaden: a portrait of a marriage?\) departs from the book?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronological organisation. Marriage is not a road that biographers of historians normally venture far down, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a notable exception being the most recent biography of another Australian historian, Manning Clark.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 516.944 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 516.944 457.443 m 530.936 457.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hancock was nowhere the same league as E. H. Carr, with three failed marriages, but his marriage to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theaden was a prolonged and stormy middle passage. Her ill health and depressions were only part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem. In a moment of anger that Hancock had not helped him secure a job, Hancock?s former Adelaide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(student Russel Ward went so far as to say, ?I wish he falls dead, which is better than being married to an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insane wife as I understand he is?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 198.308 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 198.308 386.163 m 212.300 386.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 212.300 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( That is a travesty. Suffice it to say that ?Theaden: a portrait of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage? is the most moving chapter I have read in any biography of an historian.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To sum up, the three cardinal virtues of ?attachment, justice and span? are on full display in this magnificent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography. W. K. Hancock deserved such a biography and Jim Davidson has delivered it.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 462.932 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 462.932 331.395 m 476.924 331.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 297.891 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 267.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Keith Hancock: The Legacies of an Historian)] TJ ET BT 282.668 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. D. A. Low \(Melbourne, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 453.968 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 453.968 265.875 m 507.956 265.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 253.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Ryan, )] TJ ET BT 123.008 253.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brief Lives)] TJ ET BT 175.340 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Sydney, 2004\), p. 55.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 285.332 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 285.332 251.619 m 339.320 251.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 238.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Cotton, ?International relations in Australia: Michael Lindsay, Martin Wight and the first )] TJ ET BT 64.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(department at the Australian National University?, Working Paper 2010/2, Department of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(International Relations, Australian National University, 2010. <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ips.cap.anu.edu.au/ir/pubs/work_papers/10-2.pdf)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 194.595 m 327.656 194.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 330.656 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 344.648 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 17 December 2010].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 501.692 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 501.692 194.595 m 555.680 194.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 181.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hancock to Melville, 24 February 1956, Hancock Papers, Australian National University Archives, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Series 19, Folder 18.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 163.676 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 163.676 166.083 m 217.664 166.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 153.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Barnes, )] TJ ET BT 129.008 153.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Humping my Drum: A Memoir)] TJ ET BT 276.980 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Self-published, 2008\), p. 269.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 426.968 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 426.968 151.827 m 480.956 151.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 138.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(W. E. H. Stanner to Raymond Firth, 15 October 1958, FIRTH8/2/13, Firth Archive, British Library of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Political and Economic Science, London School of Economics and Political Science.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 471.980 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 471.980 123.315 m 525.968 123.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 110.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brian Matthews, )] TJ ET BT 147.008 110.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Manning Clark: A Life)] TJ ET BT 256.676 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Sydney, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 336.668 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 336.668 109.059 m 390.656 109.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 96.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Quoted in Fay Anderson, )] TJ ET BT 188.336 96.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Historian?s Life: Max Crawford and the Politics of Academic Freedom)] TJ ET 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