%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R 41 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416001019+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416001019+01'00') /Title (British Periodicals Collections I and II) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4426 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(British Periodicals Collections I and II)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With edits by the editors Chris Cotton, Peter White and Stephen Brooks.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Curious about Charles Dickens?s opinion of Portuguese port wine? ?Be thankful for it!? Or the 19th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(auction of one of Charles II?s oversized fleece wigs to a London theatre company? It turns out the great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 289.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?black forest of hair? was worn by the comedian Dicky Suett, who played the role of the fool, to rave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviews, in a production of Fielding?s )] TJ ET BT 218.996 275.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tom Thumb)] TJ ET BT 276.668 275.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, only to loose the frizzy bob in a fire that razed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Birmingham Theatre. Alcohol may have been a factor.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Speaking of drink and the ?merry monarch,? perhaps Charles II?s rather imposing profile might have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benefitted from the ?nose machine?? It pressed the unflattering features of one?s protruding proboscis into a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slightly more desirable shape with the help of some simple brass plates and screws. Gruesome, perhaps, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not to be confused with the powerful vice and battering machine \(invented c. 1885\) to help fishmongers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shuck oysters without also slicing open their fingers and marinating potentially saleable mollusks in human )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blood.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I should mention that none of this has anything in common, except that it turned up in a simple keyword )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(search for ?port wine? on ProQuest?s remarkable )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.608 123.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals Collection I and II)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.608 122.055 m 456.608 122.055 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 459.608 123.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 473.600 123.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. With page )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(images from 472 landmark British periodicals, published between 1681 and the late 1930s, ProQuest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides fully searchable, digital access to an enormous and wonderful cross-section of multidisciplinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journals and periodicals, including difficult-to-access issues obtained from some 100 libraries worldwide.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is, to my mind, one of the most important digital repositories of materials pertaining not merely to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1036)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 February, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chris Cotton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter White)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Brooks)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ProQuest)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew McKean)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.6077 134.6803 273.6077 134.6803 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://britishperiodicals.chadwyck.co.uk/home.do) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.6077 122.1955 456.6077 134.0755 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://britishperiodicals.chadwyck.co.uk/home.do) >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 9782 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peculiar or the mundane, but to the major social, cultural, and political developments in British \(if not world\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history from the 17th century through to the early 20th. In one place, students and researchers can trace the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creative and journalistic responses to nearly every important development from the era of William and Mary, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Georgian age of empire and sea power, Victorian industrialism, urbanism, imperialism, and reform, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through to the First World War and the inter-war period. Moreover, if the 19th century was the ?age of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodical,? then it has finally entered the digital era.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The database is composed of two parts, encompassing every variety of printed periodical, from penny )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weeklies, comics, and illustrated women?s magazines to scholarly journals and magisterial quarterlies. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collection I consists of 162 journals that formerly constituted UMI?s )] TJ ET BT 368.660 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Early British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 489.332 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, amounting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to 5,238 volumes. Collection II consists of 300 journals from UMI?s )] TJ ET BT 369.332 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Literary Periodicals )] TJ ET BT 509.672 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals in the Creative Arts)] TJ ET BT 222.356 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as well as 10 additional titles)] TJ ET BT 367.352 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 373.352 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Combined, the two collections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amount to 6.1 million reproduced page scans, covering a wide range of topics from literature, philosophy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economics, religion, politics, and history to the fine arts, the sciences, the social sciences, and architecture. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The comprehensiveness of the )] TJ ET BT 182.648 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals )] TJ ET BT 276.656 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections)] TJ ET BT 331.652 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will also enable exhaustive study of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodical press itself.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collection I is host to, among other things, abolitionist magazines, including the )] TJ ET BT 421.688 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anti-Slavery Reporter)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1825?33\) and )] TJ ET BT 106.664 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Freed-Man )] TJ ET BT 164.312 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1865?8\))] TJ ET BT 207.632 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 213.632 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which detail the social conditions of slaves and former slaves in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States and Jamaica and provide accounts of parliamentary debates and anti-slavery movements. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(list of 30 pre-1800 periodicals includes the long-running )] TJ ET BT 307.988 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman?s Magazine)] TJ ET BT 421.640 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1731?1907\), well known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not only for being Samuel Johnson?s first place of work, as well as Oliver Goldsmith?s decidedly lesser )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known, shorter-running )] TJ ET BT 150.332 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Bee)] TJ ET BT 189.320 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(6 October 1759 ? 24 November 1759\), which for nearly three weeks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published essays on only ?the most interesting subjects.? The latter is not to be confused with James )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anderson?s )] TJ ET BT 93.668 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Bee: or Literary Weekly Intelligencer)] TJ ET BT 294.620 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1790?4\) or Eustace Budgell?s )] TJ ET BT 448.256 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Bee Revived: or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Universal Weekly Pamphlet)] TJ ET BT 185.648 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1733?5\), which ironically predates the other two.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Walter Scott, William Hazlitt, Thomas Arnold, and T. B. Macauley wrote for the Tory )] TJ ET BT 452.288 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Quarterly Review)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1809?1906\) and for the Whiggish)] TJ ET BT 199.988 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Edinburgh Review)] TJ ET BT 291.980 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1802?1906\), both of which are included in Collection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I, along with various incarnations of the )] TJ ET BT 228.656 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine)] TJ ET BT 376.964 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1778?1900\), the )] TJ ET BT 464.948 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jewish Quarterly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Review)] TJ ET BT 68.672 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1888?1908\), and the )] TJ ET BT 176.984 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Christian Remembrancer)] TJ ET BT 298.640 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1819?40\). The spectrum of British religion and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious dissent can also be traced in the Catholic quarterly )] TJ ET BT 323.972 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dublin Review)] TJ ET BT 394.964 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1836?1910\), )] TJ ET BT 465.284 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Good Words)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1860?1906\), the Cornish Methodist metaphysician Samuel Drew?s Christian conduct newspaper, )] TJ ET BT 507.956 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Magazine)] TJ ET BT 81.344 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1819?34\), the short-running )] TJ ET BT 225.656 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anti-Infidel)] TJ ET BT 280.988 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(June ? November 1831\), )] TJ ET BT 408.956 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Quiver)] TJ ET BT 442.280 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1861?1926\), )] TJ ET BT 512.600 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saturday )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Magazine)] TJ ET BT 81.344 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1832?44\), and )] TJ ET BT 159.992 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sunday at Home: A Family Magazine for Sabbath Reading)] TJ ET BT 443.300 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1854?1900\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Subject options range from actors, agriculture, and Annie Besant, to liberalism, Lincolnshire, and literature, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to violins, voice culture, and voyages. There are entries for Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, France and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany, Poland and Russia, and Jamaica and India. Moreover, subjects with five or more titles include )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiquities, archaeology, architecture, arts, book reviews, Christian life, English essays, English fiction and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature \(including history and criticism\), foreign news, Great Britain \(politics and government, social life, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(customs, and conditions\), illustrated periodicals, religious newspapers and periodicals, satire, theatre, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miscellanea.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collection II covers the full chronological range of published periodicals, but focuses heavily on the 18th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 19th centuries. Essays and original serialized versions of texts by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Thomas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carlyle, Lewis Carroll, Daniel Defoe, Charles Dickens, Arthur Conan Doyle, T.S. Eliot, Samuel Johnson, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Stuart Mill, Bram Stoker, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Oscar Wilde, and countless other known and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unknown writers, appear in the pages of )] TJ ET BT 229.304 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tatler)] TJ ET BT 279.644 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1830?2\), )] TJ ET BT 331.964 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The)] TJ ET BT 352.964 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Spectator)] TJ ET BT 398.960 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1753?4\), )] TJ ET BT 451.280 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Macmillan?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Magazine)] TJ ET BT 81.344 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1859?1907\), and many more.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Look here for first prints of De Quincey?s )] TJ ET BT 239.300 82.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Confessions of an English Opium-Eater)] TJ ET BT 430.640 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which appeared in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London Magazine)] TJ ET BT 121.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from September to October 1821, Carlyle?s )] TJ ET BT 336.980 68.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sartor Resartus)] TJ ET BT 412.652 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, serialized by )] TJ ET BT 482.636 68.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fraser?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Magazine)] TJ ET BT 81.344 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from 1833 to 1834, and all 22 parts of Gaskell?s )] TJ ET BT 319.316 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(North and South,)] TJ ET BT 401.660 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( serialized in )] TJ ET BT 465.980 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Household Words)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 10719 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1850?9\) from September 1854 to January 1855. Here, too, are early versions of Dickens? )] TJ ET BT 469.580 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hard Times)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1854\), also in )] TJ ET BT 106.676 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Household Words)] TJ ET BT 193.004 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 199.004 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Tale of Two Cities)] TJ ET BT 297.692 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1859\) and )] TJ ET BT 356.012 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Great Expectations)] TJ ET BT 449.000 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1860-1861\) in )] TJ ET BT 527.324 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(All )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Year Round)] TJ ET BT 108.680 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1859?95\), Hardy?s )] TJ ET BT 209.984 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Trumpet Major)] TJ ET BT 304.652 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1881\) in )] TJ ET BT 354.980 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Good Words, The Return of the Native)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1878\) in )] TJ ET BT 81.344 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Belgravia: A London Magazine)] TJ ET BT 233.000 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1866?99\), and )] TJ ET BT 311.648 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Woodlanders )] TJ ET BT 378.644 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1886?7\) in )] TJ ET BT 437.300 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Macmillan?s Magazine)] TJ ET BT 550.292 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collection II also includes original stories by George Gissing, Arnold Bennett, Joseph Conrad, and Henry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lawson and poems by Hardy, Rudyard Kipling, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and George Eliot, to name a few.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If )] TJ ET BT 45.008 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 136.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( can breathe new life into the study of the periodical press, it might also shed new light )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the serial format. Other important titles in this collection include )] TJ ET BT 361.328 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Athenaeum)] TJ ET BT 436.316 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1828?1921\), )] TJ ET BT 506.636 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Black )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dwarf)] TJ ET BT 64.688 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1817?24\), )] TJ ET BT 123.008 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Blackwood?s Edinburgh Magazine)] TJ ET BT 291.668 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1817?1902\), )] TJ ET BT 361.988 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge Journal)] TJ ET BT 456.320 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1832?1900\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Examiner)] TJ ET BT 80.672 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1808?81\), )] TJ ET BT 138.992 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fortnightly Review)] TJ ET BT 231.320 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1865?1934\), )] TJ ET BT 301.640 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Idler)] TJ ET BT 345.968 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1892?1911\), )] TJ ET BT 416.288 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ladies Magazine)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1749?53\), )] TJ ET BT 89.336 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Leader)] TJ ET BT 144.332 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1850?60\), )] TJ ET BT 202.652 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The London Magazine)] TJ ET BT 310.652 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1732?1829\), )] TJ ET BT 380.972 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London Journal)] TJ ET BT 457.976 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1845?1912\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Longman?s Magazine)] TJ ET BT 140.348 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1882?1905\), )] TJ ET BT 210.668 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ragged School Union Quarterly Record)] TJ ET BT 424.976 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1849?87\), and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Westminster Review)] TJ ET BT 131.000 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1824?1914\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The creative arts are well represented in journals dating to 1770, from )] TJ ET BT 372.272 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Fine Arts Quarterly Review )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1863?7\), )] TJ ET BT 83.336 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Art Journal)] TJ ET BT 160.004 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1839?1912\), )] TJ ET BT 230.324 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Stage and Literary Cabinet)] TJ ET BT 418.004 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1817?1822\), and )] TJ ET BT 508.652 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Theatrical Recorder)] TJ ET BT 131.672 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1805?6\) to )] TJ ET BT 193.328 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Musical Gazette)] TJ ET BT 292.652 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1856?8\), and the )] TJ ET BT 382.964 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Orchestra Musical Review)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1863?87\), while the gadabout crowd is well accounted for in the pages of )] TJ ET BT 393.272 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Judy: or the London Serio?Comic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal)] TJ ET BT 71.348 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1867?1907\), )] TJ ET BT 141.668 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Dundee Wasp)] TJ ET BT 229.652 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1897?1910\), )] TJ ET BT 299.972 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New Wonderful Magazine and Marvellous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 82.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1793?4\), )] TJ ET BT 134.336 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The City Jackdaw)] TJ ET BT 220.328 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1875?80\), )] TJ ET BT 278.648 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Badminton Magazine of Sports and Pastimes)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1896?1900\), and )] TJ ET BT 121.664 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fun)] TJ ET BT 140.996 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1861?1901\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Users at institutions with subscriptions to ProQuest?s )] TJ ET BT 293.024 475.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Periodicals Archive Online)] TJ ET BT 424.340 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or to its digital version of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 246.320 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( can perform cross?searches. Better yet, the )] TJ ET BT 457.916 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wellesley)] TJ ET BT 503.900 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( index can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(track down keywords or phrases in periodicals that were unsigned by the original authors or written under a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pseudonym. )] TJ ET BT 95.348 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 186.356 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( also comes with a handsome search interface of its own. Search results can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be filtered by keyword, article title, author, journal title, journal editor, and journal subject or by content )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(type, including advertisements, front and back matter, covers, drama, fiction, and poetry, letters, obituaries, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recipes, and reviews. Searches can isolate cartoons, comic strips, illustrations, maps, music, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photographs. Results can be sorted by every variation of publication frequency or pinpointed by date. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meanwhile the contents of the ?Help? facility apply to every facet of the resource, including how to use the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Help? function itself.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The digitization standards here are truly incredible, not only because of the enhanced searchability. Page )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scans are high?resolution grey?scale facsimiles and can be read on?screen or downloaded quickly as PDFs, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which can in turn be printed or saved to a hard drive or accessed directly with durable URLs. Search terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are highlighted within the document view, while users can save their searches to a personalized, password )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protected account. This is, in other words, as close to the real thing as students and researchers can get. That )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this much material is indexed, searchable, and available electronically might even make ProQuest?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals )] TJ ET BT 128.024 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(better than the real thing, save perhaps for the familiar aroma of old paper.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To make this much material available online through university libraries is an incredible boon to students of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British history, particularly to researchers without ready access to the hard copies themselves. This is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind of resource that facilitates everything from undergraduate research essays, in both introductory survey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courses and senior seminars, through to graduate?level dissertations as well as research for scholarly articles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and books. Professors aiming to teach history through primary sources can build entire assignments or class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussions around )] TJ ET BT 128.012 137.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals )] TJ ET BT 222.020 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or nuance their lectures with well?chosen articles and illustrations. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Students could be encouraged to trace developments in prose styles, rhetorical trends, or metaphors and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas across periodicals and through decades or centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Electronic resources like these not only expand the opportunities available for teaching history; they also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(help to facilitate course assignments for large classes without exhausting library resources. Online digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archives such as )] TJ ET BT 114.992 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals, )] TJ ET BT 212.000 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or the equally amazing)] TJ ET BT 321.644 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Times Digital Archive \(1785?1985\), Mass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 40.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Observation Online, The Old Bailey Proceedings Online, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 8088 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or the )] TJ ET BT 64.676 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(House of Commons Parliamentary Papers)] TJ ET BT 268.664 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( online, can of course accommodate limitless students and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more ambitious undergraduate and graduate research projects in ways that traditional library holdings simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cannot.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(They also improve access to education for students who might struggle to purchase expensive course texts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and readers or who attend smaller universities whose libraries have limited acquisition budgets. That said, I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(am also emphatically aware that the decidedly hefty institutional subscription rates for digital collections can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be prohibitive, especially in this era of bleak and worsening university budgets ? too many schools can do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little more than to put digital archives like )] TJ ET BT 238.676 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 329.684 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( on their wish lists and cross their fingers ? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for this reason I encourage electronic publishers like ProQuest to find new, innovative ways to make their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(digital products more affordable to institutions and individuals alike.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I am reminded, too, of Patrick Kingsley?s recent report on the slow?reading movement in )] TJ ET BT 467.276 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Guardian)] TJ ET BT 534.944 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which included commentary by the Oxford historian Keith Thomas and the technology guru Nicholas Carr )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about how pint?sized online articles are creating an epidemic of disengaged readers.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 437.912 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 437.912 600.003 m 451.904 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 451.904 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Students and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researchers fortunate to have access to )] TJ ET BT 221.276 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 312.284 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or any other digital database must at the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time avoid the pitfalls of analyzing sources with a search engine in place of reading the material in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entirety, let alone cherry?picking from the results of keyword searches, or clicking too quickly between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodicals without engaging with the content. My hope, in fact, is that rich, wide?ranging digital resources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like )] TJ ET BT 55.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals )] TJ ET BT 149.024 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may help to militate against today?s less focused internet users or time?and?money )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strapped researchers. With 250 years or more of material at our fingertips, on our computer screens, and not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(going anywhere, we have no excuse but to sit back, read, contemplate, and correlate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What I also like about the )] TJ ET BT 160.664 475.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 251.672 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( digital archive is that it still manages to facilitate a wonderful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degree of serendipity. Researchers may just as easily stumble across an unexpected document online as they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would in an archive. Unexpected search results may in the process help researchers to assemble new and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader source bases for their projects. )] TJ ET BT 222.956 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 313.964 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( not only promotes interdisciplinarity, but makes it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(altogether unavoidable. Better yet, resources like this one have the potential to push research projects and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agendas in some unintended directions. In fact, my own work has been shaped very much by the otherwise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indiscriminate algorithms that seek out and return search terms.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the challenges I faced while working on an interdisciplinary history of the crowd in late 19th?century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London was not simply that of cultivating a primary source base, but of locating the crowd within it. As it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(happens, ?the crowd? is not a subject or category in any traditional library, archival search engine, or card )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(catalogue. The crowd is usually treated as a phenomenon that was the product of another social, economic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or political event: London?s Gordon Riots in the 1780s, for example; Protestant religious uprisings in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(response to the Catholic?friendly Papist Acts of 1778; the Swing Riots in East England in the 1830s; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempts by agricultural workers to halt wage reductions and the introduction of threshing machines; Food )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Riots throughout the 1700s and early 1800s as consumer protests over grain prices; Chartist suffrage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demands in the 1840s; all of which are well and thoroughly accounted for in the pages of )] TJ ET BT 464.276 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but usually with only fleeting focus on the nature of the crowds themselves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These, of course, were not histories of the crowd inasmuch as they were events or conditions that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precipitated a crowd or, possibly, brought together the people who populated or responded to one. I realized, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too, that there was no obvious or obligatory source base for the history of the crowd, compared, say, to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography of a person \(?free thinkers? have their own journal in )] TJ ET BT 343.604 166.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 434.612 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as do ?violinists,? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the German composer Richard Wagner\) or a history of a movement \(see ?temperance,? ?patriotic poetry,? or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?socialism?\). The crowd produced no diaries, minutes, or papers, let alone a weekly periodical or a quarterly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organ. Instead, the history of the crowd was and remains one of those topics that could be discerned only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from what others had written about it. Thanks to the )] TJ ET BT 286.988 109.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals )] TJ ET BT 380.996 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections, I was also increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convinced that the late 19th?century crowd was a decidedly different phenomenon from its earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incarnations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In addition to otherwise predictable references to unruly mobs of boys or regular rioting in Clerkenwell or )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 437.9117 600.3175 451.9037 612.1975 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R 33 0 R 36 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 8860 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hyde Park, as well as fairly detailed accounts of, say, the 1855 Sunday Trading Riots or the struggle for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trafalgar Square in the late 1880s, repeated searches for ?the crowd? using the )] TJ ET BT 415.232 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 506.240 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( interface )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also returned countless references to, among other things, ?overcrowding? ? a compelling urban history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phenomenon and certainly an important Victorian housing problem, expertly accounted for by the historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gareth Steadman Jones and John Burnett, but not one regularly associated with the history of the crowd, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public protest, or even rioting.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Report after report after mid century, in periodicals such as George Augustus Sala?s )] TJ ET BT 441.260 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Temple Bar)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1860?1906\) and the )] TJ ET BT 136.328 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Illustrated Review)] TJ ET BT 223.988 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1870?4\), spoke of the overwhelming extent to which London?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poor were driven by metropolitan improvements and by the Artisans? and Labourers? Dwellings Acts to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(herd together, sometimes 40 to a room. Urban?focused journals, and there are many of them divided across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals Collection I and II)] TJ ET BT 217.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, repeated the same refrain: the poor lacked homes, neighbourhoods, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and places of recreation, which was why the poor in turn filled the streets and public spaces of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metropolis, where they erected makeshift homes in places like Trafalgar Square or Hyde Park and served as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a ready?made audiences for political or trade union demonstrations, many of which ended in violence and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(riot.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meanwhile in the monthly review magazine the )] TJ ET BT 266.312 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nineteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 359.972 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1877?1906\), Octavia Hill, the prolific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(housing and social reformer, insisted that what London?s ?overcrowded? working families missed most was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an outdoor space of their own, a personal garden, for children to play in, for the elderly to convalesce, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the workingman to escape the street and the pub.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 285.296 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 285.296 514.467 m 299.288 514.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 299.288 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Not long after, Dickens himself toured London?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slum neighbourhoods and expressed at length, in )] TJ ET BT 271.328 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(All the Year Round)] TJ ET BT 362.996 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1859?81\), the successor to his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Household Words )] TJ ET BT 123.344 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1850?9\), his astonishment that so many poor men, women, and children managed to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(withstand homes that were so ?overcrowded? and in such advanced stages of decay.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 437.576 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 437.576 471.699 m 451.568 471.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elsewhere Dickens described the ?horrible entomological aroma? of ?overcrowded? working?class homes in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Westminster parish, which reeked of decaying food, open drains, and unclean casual wards. Only by hanging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out of a broken window in the stairwell of one house and inhaling the breeze was the author able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overcome the ?sickening sense of nausea ? and look in?doors again?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 365.600 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 365.600 402.675 m 379.592 402.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 379.592 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( After a tour though an unfit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dwelling in Stepney, East London, a social investigator for the )] TJ ET BT 336.656 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ragged School Union Magazine)] TJ ET BT 492.308 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1849?75\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which in 1876 became the )] TJ ET BT 162.992 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ragged School Union Quarterly Record)] TJ ET BT 356.300 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, recalled ?a smell so thick and noisome, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that for hours I afterwards seemed to taste the horrid flavour of the place?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 390.584 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 390.584 359.907 m 404.576 359.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Social investigative journalism by the likes of Dickens, Hill, W. T. Stead, George Sims, Andrew Mearns, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and James Greenwood, which included detailed accounts of overcrowding, cholera outbreaks, stink, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sewerage, and other public health concerns, along with debriefs of reports from voluntary sanitary aid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(committees in publications such as Annie Besant?s )] TJ ET BT 282.332 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Our Corner)] TJ ET BT 339.332 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1883?8\), in the )] TJ ET BT 421.652 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saturday Review)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1855?1938\), in )] TJ ET BT 113.672 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(After Work)] TJ ET BT 166.664 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1874?87\), or in the )] TJ ET BT 267.980 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fortnightly Review)] TJ ET BT 360.308 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1865?1934\), revealed the compelling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extent to which the history of public protest and the crowd in late?19th?century London was intimately )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connected to the appalling and inadequate private spaces to which the working?classes were relegated and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from which they were desperately trying to escape.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In other words, while the more predictable search results using the )] TJ ET BT 355.952 208.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 446.960 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( interface allowed me )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to carry out the more ordinary tasks of identifying major instances of rioting and fleshing out empirical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstructions of late 19th?century crowds, the more counter?intuitive search results revealed and allowed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(me to examine the crowd?s relationship to public and private space; and to go further still by studying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inter?related developments in hygiene and smell, the experience of publicness and privacy, and how these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments translated into popular culture, literature, and social investigative calls for reform. How many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other projects, from the Civil Wars through to the Great War, might )] TJ ET BT 362.636 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals?)] TJ ET BT 459.644 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( digital search )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interface push in new unexpected directions?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What is so exciting about a digital resource like ProQuest?s )] TJ ET BT 323.312 82.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 414.320 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, then, is that it not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enhances history teaching and research, but it allows researchers opportunities to do what would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult, if not impossible, with traditional print resources. It promotes new models of analysis, new )] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 285.2957 514.7815 299.2877 526.6615 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 437.5757 472.0135 451.5677 483.8935 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 365.5997 402.9895 379.5917 414.8695 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 390.5837 360.2215 404.5757 372.1015 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R ] /Contents 42 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Length 4190 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collaborative and creative rubrics for classroom instruction, and new access to an enormous variety of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary source material covering, in this instance, nearly two and a half centuries of important developments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and events through to the silliest or the most commonplace. )] TJ ET BT 323.000 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Periodicals)] TJ ET BT 414.008 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and other digital resources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like it, is a resource and a tool that expands the audience and the potential for thoughtful, wide?ranging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multidisciplinary study. It should be available to all students of history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.547 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 673.930 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patrick Kingsley, ?The art of slow reading,? )] TJ ET BT 278.972 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Guardian)] TJ ET BT 346.640 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 15 July 2010 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/jul/15/slow-reading)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 658.275 m 349.676 658.275 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 352.676 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 366.668 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 5 January 2011].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 505.724 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 505.724 658.275 m 559.712 658.275 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 645.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Octavia Hill, ?The open spaces of the future?, )] TJ ET BT 287.288 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nineteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 380.948 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 46, 269 \(July 1899\), 26?36.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 519.272 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 519.272 644.019 m 559.268 644.019 l S BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 629.763 m 78.008 629.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 616.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles Dickens, ?Home, sweet home,? )] TJ ET BT 257.972 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(All the Year Round)] TJ ET BT 349.640 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 15, 363 \(April 1866\), 303?6.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 493.292 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 493.292 615.507 m 547.280 615.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 602.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ibid.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 86.348 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 86.348 601.251 m 140.336 601.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 588.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Homes of the poor,? )] TJ ET BT 170.324 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ragged School Union Magazine)] TJ ET BT 325.976 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(November 1868\), 241?6.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 455.948 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 455.948 586.995 m 509.936 586.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 562.133 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 543.151 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 525.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 525.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1036)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 523.977 m 328.316 523.977 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 499.000 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.600 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5297)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.200 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://britishperiodicals.chadwyck.co.uk/home.do)] TJ ET BT 34.016 455.800 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/jul/15/slow-reading)] TJ ET BT 34.016 441.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 658.5895 349.6757 670.4695 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/jul/15/slow-reading) >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 505.7237 658.5895 559.7117 670.4695 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 519.2717 644.3335 559.2677 656.2135 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 630.0775 78.0077 641.9575 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 493.2917 615.8215 547.2797 627.7015 ] >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 32 0 R >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 86.3477 601.5655 140.3357 613.4455 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 35 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 455.9477 587.3095 509.9357 599.1895 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 38 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 524.2915 328.3157 536.1715 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1036) >> endobj xref 0 59 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000557 00000 n 0000000653 00000 n 0000005131 00000 n 0000005240 00000 n 0000005350 00000 n 0000005459 00000 n 0000009020 00000 n 0000009148 00000 n 0000009232 00000 n 0000009360 00000 n 0000009460 00000 n 0000009588 00000 n 0000009688 00000 n 0000009753 00000 n 0000019588 00000 n 0000019653 00000 n 0000030426 00000 n 0000030510 00000 n 0000038651 00000 n 0000038681 00000 n 0000038809 00000 n 0000038845 00000 n 0000038950 00000 n 0000047863 00000 n 0000047893 00000 n 0000048021 00000 n 0000048057 00000 n 0000048087 00000 n 0000048215 00000 n 0000048251 00000 n 0000048281 00000 n 0000048409 00000 n 0000048445 00000 n 0000048475 00000 n 0000048603 00000 n 0000048639 00000 n 0000048772 00000 n 0000053015 00000 n 0000053142 00000 n 0000053250 00000 n 0000053378 00000 n 0000053433 00000 n 0000053561 00000 n 0000053616 00000 n 0000053742 00000 n 0000053797 00000 n 0000053925 00000 n 0000053980 00000 n 0000054107 00000 n 0000054162 00000 n 0000054290 00000 n 0000054345 00000 n 0000054473 00000 n trailer << /Size 59 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 54569 %%EOF