%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141218141045+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141218141045+00'00') /Title (Histories of Labour: National and International Perspectives) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4150 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Histories of Labour: National and International Perspectives)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The title of this volume is something of a misnomer or, at least, there is a crucial word missing from it. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book is actually a collection of national histories of labour )] TJ ET BT 316.652 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(historiography.)] TJ ET BT 390.992 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( For ?labour historians?, it is, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accordingly, a book of many points of interest: an opportunity to evaluate different trajectories in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of the discipline and consider points of similarity and difference; a chance to compare war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stories and to ruminate on current problems and their solutions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The case studies include a number of predictable candidates ? three chapters devoted to Britain and one each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the USA, Canada and Australia ? as well as some less obvious choices: Ireland, Germany, Japan and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(India. The absence of a study of any country in Latin America and Africa is unfortunate but the editors are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly not intending to suggest the absence of anything worth studying in either continent.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In many respects the predictable report cards tell familiar stories. Among other things, they are a reminder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that over very many years ?labour historians? have much to be proud of. They underscore that the quality of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the intellectual output under the rubric of ?labour history? has been, and continues to be, high. In Australia, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for example, )] TJ ET BT 97.664 63.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Labour History)] TJ ET BT 172.004 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is acknowledged in the broader academic community to be a fine journal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publishing articles dealing with a broad range of subjects, some well beyond the fringe of what traditionally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1041)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 February, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joan Allen)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alan Campbell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John McIlroy)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780850366860)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(396pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Merlin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pontypool)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Pickering)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6675 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be considered labour history. This is not a new departure. One of the first articles I read \(too many years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ago to admit to\) was Iain McCalman?s splendid study of feminism and free love in post-Napoleonic war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other observations will surprise. Joan Allen and Malcolm Chase, for example, point to the particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance of Yorkshire as a seedbed of new labour history in Britain. Many of the influential figures in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rise of socialist humanism as it was then sometimes called were clustered in Leeds and Sheffield. In his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(splendid preface Eric Hobsbawm recounts that at a critical moment he set off from London for Leeds in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sheepskin coat headed to Leeds to recruit Asa Briggs as the figurehead of the fledgling labour history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society. It was a foray into the industrial north, the reverse of the pattern of the 19th century when, sooner or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later, the capital beckoned all causes seeking to be taken seriously.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In general, the national accounts also show that labour historians are the richer for having come to terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with other analytical categories \(race, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexuality to name a few\) as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the lessons of postmodernism, the ?linguistic turn? and any other turn for that matter. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion might surprise many, particularly in Britain, who spent years in the trenches defending labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history from the tyranny of the postmodern text.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The accounts of labour historiography from the less likely sites are very interesting. In Germany, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, Klaus Tenfelde points out that the tradition of labour history had strong base in the practice of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many of the iconic figures in the history of socialism: Marx, Engels, Liebknecht, Babel, Bernstein, Kautsky )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Mehring were all historians. Mehring and Liebknecht, he notes, were engaged in a polemical assault on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bourgeois history part of which was an attempt to produce a ?comprehensive interpretation of Prussian-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German history written from a social democratic perspective? \(p. 263\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After the war, we are told, the output of German labour history has been prolific ? tens of thousands of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books and articles have been published in the GDR and the Federal Republic \(p. 277\). East and West, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, developed in two very distinct directions. In the GDR, writes Tenfelde, the history of workers? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movements ?became the chief branch of history? but, unfortunately, there ?was no shortage of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misinterpretation and even falsification of history; virtues were made of stylisation and omission? \(p. 267\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although ?important achievements in factual knowledge cannot be denied? the output of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?impoverished? tradition of scholarship \(presumably at least half of the tens of thousands of books and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays\) is dismissed with what seems like undue haste and without any detailed examination of a single )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In West Germany the situation has been far more complex, fragmented and changeable. This story is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helped by the author?s exposition, which is itself often unclear. What is clear is that the trajectory of labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history in the Federal Republic has been complicated by debates about the origins of the First World War, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the history of National Socialism \(and the relationship of the regime to organised labour\) and by the Cold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rana Behal, Chitra Joshi and Prabhu Mohapatra?s essay on India is the most interesting of the case studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not only because of the impact of colonialism on the development of the labour movement but also by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact that its historiography is inextricably bound up with the rise of subaltern studies. The historiography of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour, they argue, ?has oscillated between conceptualising the Indian experience as merely an instance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eurocentric capitalist development and as uniquely indigenous? \(p. 307\). Notably, they tell us, those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employing a traditional Marxist approach were driven to use words such as ?emergent?, ?elementary?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?embryonic?, and ?incipient? in order to account for the obvious impact of caste and religion on working )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class consciousness. At the other end of the swing of the pendulum is the contribution of Dipesh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chakrabarty to the discussion. The authors describe Chakrabarty?s impact as akin that of the linguistic turn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Britain. Chakrabarty rejected the orthodox accounts of the development of an Indian working class in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favour of a culturalist approach: insisting that instances of ?class? consciousness were transient and never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supplanted the role of religion and caste in the minds of the labouring poor.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7309 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It?s hard to overestimate the influence of Chakrabarty?s contribution not only in India but also on students )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of developing countries more generally. Nevertheless, according to Behal, Joshi and Mohapatra, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chakrabarty?s approach provoked strenuous debate, being critiqued for seeing ?culture as pre-given?. They )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(give the example of Raj Chandarvarker?s study of textile workers in Bombay which showed that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?workings of the labour market and patronage networks? ? ?the nexus between local leaders, dealers in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(property and credit? ? were crucial ?in forging new ties legitimated through the language of caste, region and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religion? \(pp. 297?8\). They go on to suggest that Chakrabarty?s radical revisionism been supplanted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some extent among more recent labour historians examining the culture of urban workers. In support of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point the authors point to several studies that ?enrich and complicate notions of community and identity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the urban industrial context?. They also cite a number advances in drawing the informal labour sector ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including rural workers ? into the conversation. This, they suggest, is the ?most significant shift in focus in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent historiography? \(p. 303\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An important fillip for the renewal of labour history in India is identified as the formation of the Association )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Indian Labour Historians in 1996. )] TJ ET BT 212.996 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Inter alia)] TJ ET BT 257.996 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( this has permitted Indian scholars to link up with others from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the developing world \(?the global South?\) and to join the call for the ?globalisation of labour history?. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?attempt to break out of the old Eurocentric frames and search for other comparison, other temporalities? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(307\) is considered to be a fundamental development. Here Behal, Joshi and Mohapatra lead directly on to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most important contribution to the volume: Marcel van der Linden?s plea for a global labour history in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the concluding essay: ?Labour history beyond borders?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At one level van der Linden?s call is predicated on the well-rehearsed criticisms of E. P. Thompson?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magisterial )] TJ ET BT 90.344 475.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Making of the English Working Class)] TJ ET BT 270.680 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: that it is narrowly Anglo-centric and largely fails to find a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place for women in the ranks of the emergent working class etc. \(these criticisms are also discussed in Joan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Allen and Malcolm Chase?s chapter on Britain\). According to van der Linden, however, Thompson?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mistake was to see ?making? as a self-contained process, using England as the ?logical unit of analysis? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eschewing interest in international comparison. Although he recognizes that the new labour history of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1960s represented a ?genuine intellectual revolution? and that )] TJ ET BT 333.956 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making)] TJ ET BT 391.616 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was a ?landmark? book, even at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its best he argues that labour history remained hidebound by ?Eurocentrism and methodological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalism?. The future, he insists, lies and reconceptualising and broadening what we mean by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working class and labour; taking labour history out of its intellectual and geographical comfort zones.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much of what van der Linden proposes makes good sense; indeed, as he notes, transnational labour history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been flourishing for a number of years. In relation to the Anglophone world think of Nev Kirk?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Comrades and Cousins)] TJ ET BT 146.024 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, published nearly a decade ago, as eloquent testimony to the potential of what we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might call the globalisation from below of workers and labour institutions around the British colonies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settlement and the United States. A long list of titles cited by Behal, Joshi and Mohapatra show how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(histories of the ?global South? are making significant advances in the study of labour in the developing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But this does not mean that van der Linden?s prescription is unproblematic. Here is not the place for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed response to van der Linden \(although it undoubtedly warrants it\) but there is scope to raise two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First, is the vexed issue of definition. As we have noted from Behal, Joshi and Mohapatra?s essay, one of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objectives of a new global labour history is to produce broader definitions that bring more scholars into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversation. Van der Linden argues that the favoured categories of labour history ? such as work, class and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour ? are US-Eurocentric. Further, he stresses, in some cultures/languages there is no single word for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these concepts. On the one hand, it is important to recall that the definitions of class and labour that underpin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of the labour history produced in the Anglophone world since the 1960s \(and since the abandonment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of notions such as false consciousness\) are those upheld by the historical actors. After all, central to the new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour history project was/is to understand what ideas such as class, labour, poverty, freedom, popular, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public and so on meant to those who uttered them in the context of their own times. To the extent that it puts )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 6410 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this at risk, redefining these concepts to make them more effective for a global conversation among labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians is surely dangerous.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, if there is no single word in a language or culture for a Eurocentric concept, shouldn?t we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embrace that fact and seek to understand it? What do the words that are used convey to those who use them? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Listening in on such a discussion would be very useful for labour historians of the Anglophone world as it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would undoubtedly point to new ways of thinking about the complexities of the language used by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical actors we study. But this does not mean that we need concepts that encompass all.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Van der Linden is rightly concerned that insouciantly adopting Western definitions means that they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?fuzzy?. Surely there is a real danger that defining away the fuzziness will leave us with concepts that are so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(baggy as to be meaningless. Can?t we think of a conversation about labour history that is based on active )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(categories that do carry across the globe? As an historian working in a ?tradition of scholarship rooted in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empiricism within a generalised Marxisant framework? \(so characterised by Allen and Chase\), experience )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and agency are two concepts that occur to me.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Second, I wonder how, in practical terms, are studies of global labour history to be written without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sacrificing the fine-grained approach that has characterised much of the new labour history since the 1960s? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How might Thompson have written )] TJ ET BT 208.340 546.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making)] TJ ET BT 266.000 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( differently? He was conscious of the inattention to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggles of the Scots, Welsh and Irish and, undoubtedly, if he had his time again, he would have done more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to ?rescue? the experience of women and their contribution to radical culture. The addition of these pages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would not make it a work of global labour history in van der Linden?s terms.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even if Thompson had followed up the colonial and imperial references in his evidence would those pages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have resulted in a study written according to van der Linden?s vision? No. Would following those threads )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have led him to fundamentally alter what was meant by class, labour, liberty, oppression used in connection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with radical artisans during and after the 1790s? No. Whatever the answer to the practical difficulty of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowing where to start and where to stop when writing trans-national and trans-cultural history we must )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surely be cautious that we do not set a template for labour history such that scholars will not aspire to write )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books like )] TJ ET BT 86.684 392.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making)] TJ ET BT 144.344 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Van de Linden?s important provocation notwithstanding, this collection has less to offer the general reader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than it might. Who do the editors expect to read it? Among readers of this journal many hands will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediately go up; I devoured it voraciously and learned much from it. But who else? As a collection of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(histories of historiography, the volume is almost inevitably a case of preaching to the converted. Why would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(you assemble a cast of eminent and talented historians and invite them to talk to each other? The ostensible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reason, of course, is to mark the 50th anniversary of the Society for the Study of Labour History but I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wonder if this is the best way to ensure that there will be a 75th. In their introduction the editors are at pains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to deny that labour history is in crisis? or at least not facing a terminal decline ? but then they offer a litany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of reasons why the crisis is in fact grave: declining society memberships, struggling journals, thinly attended )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conferences, falling undergraduate enrolments, lack of recognition in university departments, derisory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(funding from government, little support from the organised labour movement \(itself in decline\), a crisis of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity which has seen many labour historians re-brand themselves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In Australia, a number of these conditions prevail to a greater or lesser extent. Nevertheless, there is plenty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of excellent work being undertaken at a doctoral level and among early career researchers that we would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regard as ?labour? history in the best sense of word even though those who are undertaking it either don?t )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognise or eschew the title of labour historian. Perhaps we should be less concerned with the future of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rubric than with the continuation of the work itself.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 1606 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The other reason for undertaking a volume such as this is pointed to by Hobsbawm: the impetus for many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works of labour history penned in the 1960s was ?an attempt to find a way forward in left politics through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical reflection?. For some this remains a powerful motivation. The danger is that our constituency and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our audience have already marched on.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Times Higher Education)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 685.539 m 270.668 685.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.668 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 682.207 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 664.427 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 664.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1041)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 663.033 m 328.316 663.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 638.056 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 623.656 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5317)] TJ ET BT 34.016 609.256 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=414146&sectioncode=26)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 685.8535 270.6677 697.7335 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=414146§ioncode=26) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 663.3475 328.3157 675.2275 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1041) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000570 00000 n 0000000652 00000 n 0000004854 00000 n 0000004963 00000 n 0000005073 00000 n 0000005182 00000 n 0000008743 00000 n 0000008871 00000 n 0000008955 00000 n 0000009020 00000 n 0000015748 00000 n 0000015813 00000 n 0000023175 00000 n 0000023240 00000 n 0000029703 00000 n 0000029794 00000 n 0000031453 00000 n 0000031580 00000 n 0000031711 00000 n 0000031839 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31935 %%EOF