%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 31 0 R 39 0 R 50 0 R 61 0 R 94 0 R ] /Count 7 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R /F4 63 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141022180435+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141022180435+01'00') /Title (Migration, Settlers and the British Empire) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3028 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Migration, Settlers and the British Empire)] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Those disinclined to judge their book by its cover will be pleased to discover that the image adorning the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latest volume in the )] TJ ET BT 131.348 59.483 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford History of the British Empire \(OHBE\))] TJ ET BT 351.332 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( series bears little relation to its contents. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1045)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 March, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marjory Harper)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Constantine)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199250936)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(35.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(416pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Bickers)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199297672)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.811 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.299 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(35.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.787 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(352pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.275 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.763 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.251 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Jackson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding 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/'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8713 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Showing the famous long bar at the Raffles Hotel in Singapore, it presents the imperial British in exemplary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(if not stereotypical\) terms. Beneath heads of game and panels of oak, gentleman in knee socks and ladies in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pink unwind amidst the chintz. This is a world we think we know, if only vaguely, set off by the old school )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tie, the college crest, the occasional bounder and the walrus moustache. But as Robert Bickers explains in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introductory essay, ideas about the British overseas are now woefully out of date. In part, this is to due to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fixation with the ?white? dominions ? Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Cape; in part, it is due to an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unthinking acceptance of a social order divided too neatly by ?settlers? and ?officials?. As the essays that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprise this volume show, the British of the empire were a diverse and disordered lot. Whether in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settler colonies of Rhodesia or Natal; in the expatriate outposts of Cairo, Calcutta or Shanghai, or in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plantation belts of Malaya or Ceylon, image and reality were never much the same. Even our staple terms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reference ? British first of all ? fray quickly at the touch.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In attempting to crack open that somewhat ossified category ? the coloniser ? Bickers and his team draw on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now considerable body of scholarly research. In the later 1980s Ann Stoler led the way, urging historians to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apply the same level of critical rigor to colonising communities as they had done to the colonised.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 503.636 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 503.636 597.747 m 517.628 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Racism, the logic went, depended as much on the homogeneity of the colonisers as it did upon the supposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inferiority of ?native races?; no less important than the project to deconstruct ?the other?, therefore, was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endeavour to appreciate the discord and disunity of colonisers themselves. A number of innovative social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(histories later appeared in this vein.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 204.656 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 204.656 540.723 m 218.648 540.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 218.648 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( And so, as testament to a transition from ?cutting edge? to ?new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(orthodoxy?, the appearance of an )] TJ ET BT 196.628 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OHBE)] TJ ET BT 228.620 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( volume on the subject provides a welcome intervention in \(or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consolidation of\) the field. To critics, of course, the )] TJ ET BT 283.976 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OHBE)] TJ ET BT 315.968 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( cannot help but lag behind the curve.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 496.604 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 496.604 512.211 m 510.596 512.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 510.596 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weakness to some is to others a strength and it is a testament to the value of the )] TJ ET BT 417.308 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OHBE)] TJ ET BT 449.300 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s companion series )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it continues to bridge the gaps between the ?new? imperial history and the ?old?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 442.952 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 442.952 483.699 m 456.944 483.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 456.944 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( After recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volumes devoted to Canada and Australia ? two pillars of the British World ? this edition turns to less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familiar ?polyglot zones?, beyond the military and administrative corps and the well-worn paths of kith and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kin.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 52.352 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 52.352 440.931 m 66.344 440.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 66.344 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is a relief, it must be said, to get away from the archetypal figures of the settler, the missionary and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the official: empire was always more polyphonous than that. And so here we find ? besides the gentlemen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the ladies at the bar ? the engineers, the electricians, the bankers and the brokers, the salesmen and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shop-keepers ? not to mention the dockers, drifters, prostitutes and drunks whose lowly status and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpredictable behaviour consistently threatened to tarnish ?white prestige?. Take any social register you like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? religion, class, occupation, world-view ? and we find the British experience \(to borrow from Louis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacNeice\) ?crazier and more of it? that previously we had thought.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nine regionally-focused chapters make up the volume, with an introduction from Bickers, an epilogue by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth Buettner on imperial Britons ?back home? and an afterword by John Darwin. ?Anywhere but the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominions?, seems to be the line. So we have essays on cities \(Shanghai\), colonies \(Kenya\), Protectorates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Egypt\), ?informal zones? \(Argentina\) and special cases \(India\). Natal, Rhodesia, Malaya and Ceylon make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up the list. There were Britons elsewhere as well, of course \(in the Caribbean, for example\) but not enough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps to make the cut. Numbers and locations aside, it is the idea of community that provides the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organising theme. It is also what provides the book?s most intriguing conceptual dilemma. Notably, the only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributor to adopt the term in his title ? David Washbrook on ?the British community in India? ? devotes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most of his essay to undermining the idea that such a thing existed at all. Robert Bickers opts for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?communities? in the plural, invoking a multiplicity of social formations that echoes in turn James )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whidden?s chapter on ?cosmopolitan? Egypt. The members? clubs, it transpires ? ever the emblem of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial ?sporting life? ? were not the only places where the British ventured after dark. In inter-war Cairo, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one was as likely to come by hashish, cocaine or ? most likely of all ? venereal disease as one was a gin and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tonic and a game of whist.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Imperial communities, of course, were defined by race in theory but in practice by cultural capital and social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claim. The boundary lines were never stable and seldom strong. Inter-racial sex, it seems, was less exception )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than the rule; ?poor whites? were everywhere; distance from inferiors was only intermittently maintained. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Malaya, Tim Harper tells us, ?it is hard to tell where the ?European? population ended and the ?British? one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(began \(p. 236\). In India, the categories heave at the seams ? between British, ?domiciled European?, ?poor )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 503.6357 598.0615 517.6277 609.9415 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 204.6557 541.0375 218.6477 552.9175 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 496.6037 512.5255 510.5957 524.4055 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 442.9517 484.0135 456.9437 495.8935 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 52.3517 441.2455 66.3437 453.1255 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 32 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Length 7995 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(white?, ?Anglo-Indian?, ?Eurasian? and ?native?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 272.276 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 272.276 795.075 m 286.268 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 286.268 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In Argentina, children of British settlers were counted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as local citizens in the census while ?foreign? English speakers \(Americans for example\) were incorporated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as British \(p. 18\). There )] TJ ET BT 151.664 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(was)] TJ ET BT 170.336 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( no British community is the point ? in any consistent or scientific sense at least.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Attempting to defend a community, however, served to define it nonetheless. For the individual, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successfully claim oneself as British entailed considerable rewards. Demarcating the grounds on which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inclusion could be judged, meanwhile, took place in a multiplicity of ways: in the imaginative and material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landscaping of imperial space; in the creation of an institutionalised \(and codified\) social fabric; in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importing of habits, customs, styles and tastes. Community was described discursively as well, most notably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the publication of expatriate newspapers ? the )] TJ ET BT 269.300 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Standard)] TJ ET BT 313.304 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in Argentina, the )] TJ ET BT 400.292 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Witness)] TJ ET BT 437.624 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in Natal, the )] TJ ET BT 502.616 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Herald)] TJ ET BT 536.612 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the China coast. Publications such as these bound communities together and helped to plug them into a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wider British world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Through these and other means, the British strove to ?make themselves at home?. Recreating home, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, could never render it completely. For many, separation from loved ones was the defining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience of empire but, in return for the cultural competence that a metropolitan schooling endowed, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was generally considered a hardship worth the cost \(pp. 307?8\). That competence was a passport after all. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The expatriate and the settler, of course, were never quite the same but both lived somewhat in-between, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(caught between the homes that they made for themselves ?out in the blue? and that mythical and singular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(home)] TJ ET BT 60.008 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from)] TJ ET BT 89.336 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where their identity derived.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 225.308 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 225.308 528.723 m 239.300 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 239.300 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is this essentially ?in-between? state that explains so much of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settler and expatriate culture and what binds many of these cases together. Calcutta, as Washbrook has it, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was ?always and emphatically? a British city; Kenya settlers, Lonsdale writes, ?gloried in the view? but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likened African hills to English downs. Identities were fluid, multiple and overlaid. Whilst the Natalians? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense of identity was British, David Lambert argues, their sense of place was unequivocally Natal. ?Three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cheers for Shanghai? called the leader of the first contingent of expat volunteers to leave from China for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Western Front in October 1914 \(p. 269\). Local patriotisms in any case did not compete with but, rather, gave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voice to allegiance to the crown. Only in Rhodesia in 1965 did paths irreconcilably divide. What looked like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disloyalty there, however, was to the settlers just the opposite: to them it was the British government, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeasing African demands, who had strayed: separating from empire was ? paradoxically ? the truest means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of keeping the imperial flame alive.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Most Britons overseas, however, never had such a choice to make. And just as empire meant homesickness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to some, to others it gave the chance for hybrid reinvention. Travellers, sojourners, even \(especially\) British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldiers during the Second World War, enjoyed the vitality of Egypt; Malaya was a ?kaleidoscopic world?; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Buenos Aires matched freedom from restraint on the one hand with a newly-opened branch of Harrods on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the other; newcomers to Ceylon in the 1940s were amazed at the volumes of alcohol that were commonly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumed. For many ? the young and unencumbered especially \(and men most of all\) ? their imperial years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were some of their freest and most relaxed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such fond recollection, however, is inevitably filtered through the nostalgic lens of unplanned departures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and mournful farewells. As Buettner?s chapter shows, for Britain?s imperial personnel the demise of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Empire meant disenchantment most of all ? the damp and draughty island that they encountered on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(return failing quite dramatically to resemble that Britain of the mind that had sustained them overseas. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these ?orphans of empire?, as John Darwin calls them, homecoming entailed less of a restoration than a loss: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sights and sounds of Peckham could hardly match Penang. While men had their memories to console )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them, moreover, the women had it worse: sunshine was sorely missed but so too were the servants: who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would do the washing now? For men and women both, life in post-war Britain meant a life without the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respect that they had previously enjoyed. As ?colonials? they were looked upon as, if not inferior, then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(somehow incomplete; as post-imperial exiles, they were out of time as well as place, the verities of the past )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now irretrievably marooned. Many simply refused to come back to a ?home? they barely knew but travelled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on instead, keeping just ahead of the decolonising tide. From India they went to Kenya; from there to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rhodesia or South Africa. Today the sunshine and the servants might remain but they are pleasures to be had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behind a razor-wire fence.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 33 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 272.2757 795.3895 286.2677 807.2695 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 225.3077 529.0375 239.2997 540.9175 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 42 0 R 45 0 R 48 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 8615 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That the organisers of this volume decided to keep the story going to the present day adds greatly to its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success. However the British Empire ended, historians have increasingly over recent years sought to work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(across)] TJ ET BT 65.348 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the watershed that decolonisation might represent.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 309.644 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 309.644 754.563 m 323.636 754.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 323.636 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In the 21st century, the history of ?Britons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overseas? is very much alive. But how many men and women setting off to seek their fortunes in Canada or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia today see themselves as following an essentially )] TJ ET BT 315.980 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(imperial)] TJ ET BT 356.648 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( path? It is better not to dwell on it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps ? empire no longer holds much pride ? but the irony remains: at the end of the imperial line we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(return to the start ? to the old white dominions, nations in their own right now but popular as ever before as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sun-lit destinations for ?Britons overseas?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 238.328 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 238.328 683.283 m 252.320 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Migration and Empire)] TJ ET BT 142.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, co-authored by Stephen Constantine and Marjory Harper, is a very different sort of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book. Less social history than a mixture of in-depth demographic, political and economic analysis, this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(altogether a denser and more challenging beast. Like the first volume here discussed, however, its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appearance is in itself indicative of the state of the historiographical field. Research into imperial migration, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of course, is nothing new. Only in the last 15 years, however, has an interest in )] TJ ET BT 415.292 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(movement)] TJ ET BT 463.940 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? not only of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people but of their ideological and material ?baggage? as well ? developed to a point where it has become an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indispensable feature of colonial and postcolonial studies. Central to this agenda is the argument that, as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analytical category, the nation will not do.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 236.660 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 236.660 557.235 m 256.652 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 256.652 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Much current scholarship on empire, therefore, regardless of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether or not it deals with migration )] TJ ET BT 218.336 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(per se)] TJ ET BT 247.328 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is nevertheless animated by a concern to work across the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundaries of the state. As ever, historical interests reflect contemporary trends. Ours is a period of fluidity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and flux. In the early 21st century, people migrate in number \(and at speeds\) unthinkable just 50 years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before. Today, half the world?s ?Europeans? live outside of Europe; a yet greater proportion of ?Africans? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outside Africa \(p. 338\). No wonder that the fixity of national boundaries seems, if not irrelevant, then at least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(somewhat out of date.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 446.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(reasons)] TJ ET BT 93.008 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for why Africans and Europeans live outside the continent of their birth, however, are hardly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much the same. In one sense, of course, migration reflects a basic universal: people move to improve their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lives ? or rather, they move in the expectation that lives can be improved. Not all migrants, however, have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the luxury of weighing up the pros and cons. For some, departure is the culmination of disaster or despair; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for others there simply is no choice. And this is what this book so effectively records ? the breadth and range )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of human lives that ? quite literally ? )] TJ ET BT 213.332 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(took place )] TJ ET BT 265.988 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in and around the British imperial world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unlike much of the current colonial writing on movement and migration, however, this is a definitively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(defiantly?\) )] TJ ET BT 92.996 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(empirical)] TJ ET BT 138.992 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( book. There is no talk here of ?disrupting the colonial archive? or ?destabilising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tropes? \(this is the )] TJ ET BT 124.676 320.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OHBE)] TJ ET BT 156.668 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( after all\). Human histories here are embedded in a bed-rock of fact. As prose-style, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this can be somewhat unforgiving: percentiles and proportions are not always so conducive for fluency and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flow. But, as demographic historians will tell you, numbers can be sexy too and ? to the reader who comes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prepared ? the combination of quantitative and qualitative data that is compounded here will prove )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enormously rewarding.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The structure of the book combines a regional and thematic approach. The four opening chapters deal with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the three major destinations for British migration: Canada, Australia and New Zealand ? plus ?Africa South )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Sahara?. For experts on any of these particular regions, there will be much here that is already known; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what is novel is the conceptual framing, the organising lens. The next half-dozen chapters are thematic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dealing with, in order: non-white migration; immigration into Britain; women; children; the emigration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(business and ?homecoming?. Crucially, by placing all sorts of different )] TJ ET BT 379.304 166.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(kinds)] TJ ET BT 404.636 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of migration between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covers of a single book, what the authors achieve is a study that not only draws meaningful comparative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis according to those staple criteria of gender, race and class but can also incorporate a host of other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variables as well ? religion, nationality, culture, work ? and very much else besides. While migration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides the thematic ?way in?, however, it is also offered as something of a ?grand narrative? of its own. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whether the authors would agree with Niall Ferguson that the British Empire ?made? the modern world is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doubtful, but they are certainly in no doubt as to the lasting impact of migration within that empire. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unlocking of natural resources; the development of international trade; the spread of English language and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture ? all this was due in no small part to the movement of the British overseas. That many emigrants saw )] TJ ET endstream endobj 41 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 309.6437 754.8775 323.6357 766.7575 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 44 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 238.3277 683.5975 252.3197 695.4775 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 47 0 obj [39 0 R /Fit] endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 236.6597 557.5495 256.6517 569.4295 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 53 0 R 56 0 R 59 0 R ] /Contents 51 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Length 6787 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves not as migrants at all but as participants in a project of ?overseas settlement? is itself instructive: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration implied the movement to foreign lands; settlement, by contrast, meant the populating of a wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British)] TJ ET BT 66.692 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( world. Their descendants may have come to see themselves not as British but as Canadians, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australians or New Zealanders but this is not to detract from the formative historical significance of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier migrant flows.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The new imperial history has been, at least in part, about complicating direction. Movement was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unilinear. Change was not one way. Nor is the binary model of metropole-periphery sufficient to capture the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multifarious, multi-directional movement of people, materials and ideas whose itinerant trails sprawled and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stuttered across \(and beyond\) the British imperial world.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 305.312 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 305.312 669.027 m 325.304 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 325.304 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( There are two obvious inflections here. One is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the influence of maritime history upon the history of empire; the other is the poststructuralist stress upon the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(haphazard.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 86.324 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 86.324 640.515 m 106.316 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 106.316 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( To some extent, we might contend, historians of imperial migration are still ?writing back? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to J. R. Seeley?s 1883 treatise, )] TJ ET BT 183.668 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The)] TJ ET BT 204.668 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Expansion of England)] TJ ET BT 311.336 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a manifesto for forward motion and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foundational conceit.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 135.332 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 135.332 612.003 m 155.324 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 155.324 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But if complexity is what defines migration, what on earth can be said of it that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not detract from that complexity? What can pull together what seems to be, by definition, moving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incessantly apart?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What Constantine and Harper show is that while these histories are multitudinous that is not to say that they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are disconnected. These migrants are )] TJ ET BT 214.628 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(related)] TJ ET BT 248.624 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, their passages all conducted within the empire of which they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formed a part. So what precisely )] TJ ET BT 192.980 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(are)] TJ ET BT 208.976 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the connecting threads that bound these lives together?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The answer is politics. And it is this that is at the heart of the book ? and distinguishes it most clearly from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its companion. As a constituent part of empire, migration was ? of course ? inescapably reflective of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations of power. The point is made most explicitly in the chapter on non-white migration but it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(threaded, with varying degrees of prominence, throughout the book. This is our connecting thread. And ? in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stimulating discussion and debate ? it will prove the book?s most fertile ? and hopefully controversial ? part. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The questions are perennial but no less vital for that. Take race and agency, for example. As the authors put )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? are [non-European migrants] to be regarded as independent economic actors subject little )] TJ ET BT 503.576 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more )] TJ ET BT 64.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than their migrating UK cousins to the tyranny of circumstances and the lure of expectations? )] TJ ET BT 64.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Or, should we remember that in colonial societies, with a racial hierarchy, power was even more )] TJ ET BT 64.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likely to be unequally distributed and that particular pressures to move might have been created )] TJ ET BT 64.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by colonialism? \(p. 5\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Grappling with this question is not new. Engaging with it through the subject of migration ? and doing so, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what is more, with such an effective blending of empirical precision and intellectual rigor ? most certainly is. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire migration, as now becomes clear, was no confusion, complex certainly but intelligible also. To stress )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the networked, interconnected nature of this movement is not enough; the achievement of this volume is to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identify and elaborate upon the )] TJ ET BT 186.320 227.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(nature)] TJ ET BT 217.652 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of these supporting struts \(what Lonsdale in another context terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the hidden props?\). The indentured labourer migrated; so too did the gentleman farmer but their passages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not merely coincide: streams of empire were dynamic and intermeshed; indeed, they needed to be and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were deliberately engineered to do so \(p. 5\). Migration, in other words, was structured. At a point when a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Foucault-inspired insistence on the disordered and dispersed has reached something of a saturation point, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insist upon these structures ? and, what is more, to reveal them ? is welcome indeed.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 52 0 obj [50 0 R /Fit] endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 305.3117 669.3415 325.3037 681.2215 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 55 0 obj [50 0 R /Fit] endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 57 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 86.3237 640.8295 106.3157 652.7095 ] >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 58 0 obj [50 0 R /Fit] endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 60 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 135.3317 612.3175 155.3237 624.1975 ] >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 64 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R 70 0 R 72 0 R 74 0 R 76 0 R 78 0 R 80 0 R 82 0 R 84 0 R 86 0 R 88 0 R 90 0 R 92 0 R ] /Contents 62 0 R >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Length 12201 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a collection of studies each locally framed, )] TJ ET BT 258.968 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britons)] TJ ET BT 294.308 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( imparted the texture of the local ? the ?flavour? of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place. This, by contrast, spans ? and unifies ? the globe, charting trans-oceanic trajectories, networks, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resettlements and flows. ?Britons? are people, ?migration? a phenomenon. As such, this pair of books )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represents a neat division between the social and the cultural \()] TJ ET BT 331.952 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britons)] TJ ET BT 367.292 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and the political and economic \()] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Migration)] TJ ET BT 82.688 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). To anybody interested in the history ? and historiography ? of empire overseas, both should be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read and ? ideally ? together.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 678.291 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 647.674 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ann Laura Stoler, ?Colonial categories and the boundaries of rule?, )] TJ ET BT 391.280 647.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Comparative Studies in Society )] TJ ET BT 64.016 633.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and History)] TJ ET BT 121.016 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 127.016 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(31 \(1989\), 134?61.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 218.336 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 218.336 632.019 m 272.324 632.019 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 619.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Examples include: Robert Bickers, )] TJ ET BT 234.332 619.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Briton in China: Community, Culture and Colonialism, 1900)] TJ ET BT 527.360 619.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 533.360 619.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1949 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Manchester, 1999\); Elizabeth Buettner, )] TJ ET BT 259.976 604.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire Families: Britons and Late Imperial India)] TJ ET BT 500.636 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005\); Gregor Muller, )] TJ ET BT 173.996 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cambodia?s Bad Frenchmen)] TJ ET BT 314.648 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: )] TJ ET BT 320.984 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 341.984 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(R)] TJ ET BT 349.316 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ise of French )] TJ ET BT 415.640 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(R)] TJ ET BT 422.972 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ule and the )] TJ ET BT 479.300 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L)] TJ ET BT 485.972 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ife of Thomas )] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Caraman, 1840)] TJ ET BT 139.352 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 145.352 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(87 )] TJ ET BT 160.352 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2009\); Harald Fischer-Tin, )] TJ ET BT 344.984 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Low and Licentious Europeans: Race, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Class and ?White Subalternity? in Colonial India )] TJ ET BT 305.036 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New Delhi, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 398.348 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 398.348 560.739 m 452.336 560.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 547.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Madhavi Kale, )] TJ ET BT 138.332 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OHBE)] TJ ET BT 170.324 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have! The Mini-Me version, )] TJ ET BT 309.296 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History)] TJ ET BT 525.656 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 3, 1 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2002\). For a balanced review see Dane Kennedy, ?Oxford?s empire?, )] TJ ET BT 404.900 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The International History )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Review)] TJ ET BT 98.672 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 23, 3 \(2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 166.664 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 166.664 517.971 m 220.652 517.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 505.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the ?new? imperial history see )] TJ ET BT 230.648 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New Imperial Histories Reader, )] TJ ET BT 407.972 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. Stephen Howe, \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 489.459 m 149.000 489.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 476.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Australia?s Empire)] TJ ET BT 157.688 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Deryk Schreuder and Stuart Ward \(Oxford, 2008\); )] TJ ET BT 426.284 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Canada and the British )] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire)] TJ ET BT 99.344 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Philip Buckner \(Oxford, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.656 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.656 460.947 m 327.644 460.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 448.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(N. O. Gist and R. D. Wright, )] TJ ET BT 205.340 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Marginality and Identity: Anglo-Indians as a Racially-Mixed Minority in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(India)] TJ ET BT 89.348 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Leiden, 1973\); C. J. Hawes, )] TJ ET BT 233.324 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Poor Relations: the Making of a Eurasian Community in British )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(India, 1773?1833)] TJ ET BT 149.348 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Richmond, 1996\); Satoshi Mizutani. )] TJ ET BT 334.352 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British in India and their Domiciled )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brethren: Race and Class in the Colonial Context, 1858?1930)] TJ ET BT 363.680 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(PhD Thesis, University of Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 389.667 m 149.000 389.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 376.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vivienne de Watteville, )] TJ ET BT 181.328 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Out in the Blue: Travels in East Africa )] TJ ET BT 369.992 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1927\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 448.316 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 448.316 375.411 m 502.304 375.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 362.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for example, the next volume of the )] TJ ET BT 261.980 362.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OHBE)] TJ ET BT 293.972 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( companion series: )] TJ ET BT 386.960 362.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain's Experience of Empire )] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(During the Twentieth Century)] TJ ET BT 208.352 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Andrew Thompson \(Oxford: forthcoming\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 438.980 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 438.980 346.899 m 492.968 346.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 334.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the level of annual migration of British nationals out of the UK is lower today than what it )] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was during the colonial period, the cumulative effects of migration over time mean than almost 6 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(million British nationals are living overseas \(roughly 10 per cent of the UK?s resident population\). A )] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further 58 million people around the world claim British ancestry.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 380.648 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 380.648 289.875 m 434.636 289.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 277.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(After the)] TJ ET BT 107.684 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(I)] TJ ET BT 112.352 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(mperial)] TJ ET BT 150.356 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(T)] TJ ET BT 157.688 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(urn:)] TJ ET BT 179.696 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(T)] TJ ET BT 187.028 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(hinking)] TJ ET BT 225.716 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(W)] TJ ET BT 236.384 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(ith and)] TJ ET BT 271.400 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(T)] TJ ET BT 278.732 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(hrough the)] TJ ET BT 333.752 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(N)] TJ ET BT 342.416 277.013 Td /F4 12.0 Tf [(ation)] TJ ET BT 367.760 277.013 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(, ed. )] TJ ET BT 391.760 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antoinette Burton \(Durham, NC, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 261.363 m 155.000 261.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 248.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alan Lester, 'Imperial circuits and networks: geographies of the British Empire', )] TJ ET BT 451.940 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History Compass )] TJ ET BT 537.944 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(4, 1 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\()] TJ ET BT 68.012 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005\); )] TJ ET BT 102.344 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Moving Subjects: Gender, Mobility and Intimacy in an Age of Global Empire)] TJ ET BT 473.636 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Tony )] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ballantyne and Antoinette Burton \(Urbana, IL, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 322.976 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 322.976 218.595 m 382.964 218.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 205.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On maritime history and empire see ? most recently ? Glenn O?Hara, )] TJ ET BT 399.608 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain and the Sea)] TJ ET BT 492.608 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010\); Kit Kandlin, ?The empire of women: transient entrepreneurs in the southern Caribbean, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1790?1820?, )] TJ ET BT 128.672 177.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History)] TJ ET BT 361.004 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 38, 3 \(2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 428.996 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 428.996 175.827 m 488.984 175.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 162.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. R. Seeley, )] TJ ET BT 126.680 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Expansion of England)] TJ ET BT 254.348 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1983\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 335.672 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 335.672 161.571 m 395.660 161.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 136.709 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Settler Colonial Studies Blog)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://settlercolonialstudies.org/2010/08/12/harper-and-constantine-on-migration-and-empire-ohbe-series/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 106.803 m 542.276 106.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 545.276 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 103.471 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 85.691 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 85.691 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1045)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J 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