%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150227213623+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150227213623+00'00') /Title (The Body Broken: Medieval Europe 1300-1520) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4252 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Body Broken: Medieval Europe 1300-1520)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The late Middle Ages are a challenging period to survey and synthesise. Any attempt to summarise their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complexity, chaos, and dynamism within a restricted publisher?s word limit and at the same time provide an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effective textbook for undergraduates is fraught with issues of coverage, comprehensiveness, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessibility. Charles Briggs is to be congratulated on having taken on the challenge, in this case seeking to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deal with the whole of western Europe between 1300 and 1520. Judgements on whether he has met the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenge appropriately will vary, perhaps especially among the book?s intended users.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His text comprises a short introduction, a core of ten chapters, and then a brief conclusion. The introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frames the overall examination within the conceit of the ambiguities and implications of a society which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defined itself in relation to the body of Christ ? )] TJ ET BT 262.664 161.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(corpus Christi)] TJ ET BT 331.676 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a body exemplified in the mass and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miracle of transubstantiation, and itself substantiated through unavoidable individual membership of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(catholic Church. That body was the host fractured by the priest at the words of consecration; it was also the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagined community of the faithful, fractured by political, social, and economic differences and tensions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(placed under growing strains in the aftermath of the Black Death and eventually finally shattered as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious entity with the Reformation. It is a neat conceit, and one with which it is hard ? perhaps impossible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? not to feel some sympathy; but while it is postulated as the framing conceit of the volume, it rarely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reappears thereafter until revisited in the conclusion. Instead, the ten chapters which comprise the book?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1060)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 April, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles F. Briggs)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780415341509)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(368pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Swanson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7539 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(textual body offer a broad thematic survey of the western European world, organised in four groups which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deal with distinct components of the total picture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of those four groups, the first two each consist of three chapters, the second two contain two chapters each. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part one centres on ?Social and economic change?. Why this particular facet of Europe?s history takes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precedence is not explained, but it does mean that readers are immersed in complex issues right from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(start. Indeed, the initial dive is very much into the deep end, the first chapter dealing with ?The demography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of disaster? and immediately throwing readers into a highly compacted analysis of the early 14th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crisis in a section on ?Population pressure, climate and subsistence crises?. Other disastrous forces covered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this chapter include war, plague \(obviously, and fairly extensively ? including a survey of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of anti-Jewish sentiments which seems a touch out of place\), and popular rebellion. The second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter, on ?Individuals, families and communities? maintains the momentum of the first. Its lengthy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction, on social organisation and gender in medieval society, precedes sections on ?Marriage, family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the household?, ?Individuals, social hierarchy and communities? \(a brief discussion amounting to little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more than half a page \(p. 48\)\)\), ?The nobility?, ?Rural communities? \(where, without explicitly saying so, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English experience seems to provide the norms for peasant existence, despite the appearance of a broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continental commentary\), and ?Urban communities?. Finally, in this part, chapter three turns to ?Trade, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technology and exploration?. After its short introduction, the problematics of crisis are again addressed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(locating the century from c.1350 to c.1450 between two periods of commercial expansion. ?Trade and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technology? are then considered at some length; the briefer examination of ?exploration? deals with the slow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(penetration of the Atlantic and the move into Africa with an unavoidable culmination in Columbus.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part two, on ?Political developments?, opens with a chapter which provides basic orientation in ?The theory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ideology of government?. This deals mainly with the intellectual aspects of politics, the thought rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than the practice ? although the conflict between thought and practice is acknowledged. Only after reading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through does it strike home that the focus is almost exclusively on monarchical government: the alternative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political thought associated with communalism and ?bottom-up? politics ? Walter Ullmann?s ?ascending )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concept of government? ? is not really addressed. Subject to this limitation, the chapter?s initial sections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survey ?Intellectuals and the ?languages? of political theory?, the contexts in which ?The intellectuals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confront political reality? \(and therefore in which they were forced or chose to declare themselves ? in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quarrels of Philip IV against Boniface VIII, and in the writings of Marsilius of Padua and William of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ockham \), and the task assumed by intellectuals of ?Informing the prince: works of instruction and advice? ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a section which at one point descends into a somewhat daunting list of mirrors for princes drawn from across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe. Beyond the realms of the intellect, the chapter also considers the requirements of ?Performing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(displaying the state?. Only here does ?ideology? explicitly creep in \(p. 106\), perhaps somewhat late, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manifested through the ?propaganda? of royal and royalist orations, processions, and courts and court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society. These themes, with their inclusion of patronage of art and architecture, are expanded to include )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some non-royalist elements ? one paragraph \(pp. 113?5 ? an illustration intervenes\) squeezes in comment on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the use of frescoes and statues to reinforce urban values. The last of this part?s three chapters considers ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lineaments and limits of state power?. Here, possibly at long last, Briggs provides a structural depiction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the political world, and some basic political narrative. The initial pages raise the fundamental issue of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether the ?states? of this period were indeed states, and the spectre of nations, to challenge boundaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between ?medieval? and ?modern?. It then passes to deal in two sections with ?The structures of rule?, first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in monarchic polities, and then in city-states. The former offers a whistle-stop survey of the core elements: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administration, taxation, justice; the latter is rather more sketchy and unfocussed ? save for being of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessity about northern Italy. A third section turns to ?Relationships of rule: courts, councils, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patronage?. The final, and lengthiest, section of the chapter \(pp. 131?51, including one spread of map and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(several lists of rulers\) deals with ?The fall \(and rise\) of princes?. This works through compressed narratives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the histories of \(in turn\) the British Isles \(pp. 134?9, mostly about England\), France and Burgundy \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(139?43\), the Iberian kingdoms \(pp. 143?6\), and Italy and the Empire \(pp. 146?51\). The surveys are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unavoidably sketchy, statements rather than analyses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final chapter here deals with ?War, chivalry and crusading?, in that order. War itself is clearly linked to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6643 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics, and can readily and validly be brought under the banner of ?Political developments?: here the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentary deals with it as an aspect of the state. The ambiguity of chivalry makes it rather less obviously a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matter of politics: as a social and cultural phenomenon it had practical impact on combatants? behaviour \(at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least, that of the knights\), and is an element of warfare; but its direct relevance to the practicalities of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political structures is more uncertain. The more literary and cultural aspects of chivalry would perhaps have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been better dealt with elsewhere. Crusading also fits uneasily under the banner of politics, given the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance \(real or merely proclaimed\) of its religious and spiritual elements. Here it is integrated into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political history as the opportunity to discuss the Turkish advance into the Balkans and the fall of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantinople, and to bring in the Baltic frontier and Christian expansion in Spain, Africa, and the Canaries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With part three, ?Religion and devotion?, the sense of the unity of Christendom as the body of Christ might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be expected to be invoked as the cohering and driving force. The title of the initial sub-section in the first of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the two chapters \(chapter seven: ?The bride of Christ: the institutional Church?\) certainly raises that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expectation ? ?Incorporating the body of Christ: theory, organisation and personnel?. To some extent the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expectation is satisfied, although obliquely. The incorporation is also the process of constructing an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institution: the chapter homes in on the clergy and their roles, within the church and in relation to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flocks, looks at the aftermath of the ?pastoral revolution? of the 13th century and the expectations of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious awareness of the laity as members of the ecclesial body, and comments briefly on the religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(orders and the role of theologians. This section provides the prologue to two others offering a narrative ? as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever, necessarily sketchy ? of ?The governance of the Church under the Avignon popes? and ?The Great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schism and its aftermath?. Chapter eight turns from the institutional history to the spiritual, examining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Devotion: Catholic and dissenting beliefs and practices?. Its first three segments in turn survey ?Lay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religion?, ?Sacred time and space? \(which includes some comment on relics and saints\), and ?Movements of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devotion?. The last is a portmanteau label for a brave attempt to summarise the key elements of lay devotion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a few pages \(211?26\), while also bringing in massacres of Jews, Wyclif as heretic, and the origins of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witch-craze. Perhaps oddly, comment on the main ?devotional movement? of the period, the )] TJ ET BT 480.608 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(devotio )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(moderna)] TJ ET BT 76.676 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is delayed until the chapter?s fourth and final segment, on ?Laity, clergy and reformation?. Here, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given the reference to dissent in the chapter?s title, more comment on the heretical movements of the period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might also be expected, but it is not provided. \(There seems in fact to be no overall summary of Hussitism in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the volume, although the index notes several scattered references.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s final section, part four, proclaims a focus on ?Cultural change?. Of its two chapters, the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deals with ?Schools, schooling and intellectual developments?. It surveys ?Schooling outside school?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Primary and secondary schools?, and \(most extensively\) ?Higher education?. The last extends beyond the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(universities to note the existence of other places of ?higher? learning, but they are merely noted. There is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brief sketch of ?intellectual developments? \(pp. 254?7\), which attempts to survey medieval philosophy in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(couple of pages and also comments on the nature of Renaissance humanism, before turning in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concluding pages to trace the relationship between universities and external authorities. The following )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter looks at ?Language, literacy and the arts?, as usual compressing and cramming its material in. Here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sub-sections survey ?Language, literacy and literature?, ?Script and print? \(including libraries\), and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Music, architecture and the visual arts?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The text concludes with a few pages considering whether 1520 marks a transition into ?a new Europe?. Here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conceit of the introduction reappears, as Europe as Latin Christendom as the body of Christ began to face )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up to the challenges of confrontation with a wider non-Christian world, the inheritance of the pre-Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world, and the release of the internal tensions which had somehow been kept under control in the preceding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7513 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a courageous and ambitious survey, written with verve, occasionally with a touch of asperity, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainly carrying its reader along. The mass of material which is compressed into any one chapter is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable; the necessary balancing act between essential \(or, at least, worthwhile\) information and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overwhelming detail is a difficult one to strike. At times the text does overwhelm, and one has to wonder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether readers with little or no previous awareness of the period ? primarily the undergraduates for whom it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is intended ? will indeed feel out of their depth, or alienated by runs of unalleviated facts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For the main question has to be, does the book work? The cover describes it as a textbook, and ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complete authoritative student?s guide to Europe in the later Middle Ages?. There is a certain hyperbole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here, the words presumably those of the publisher rather than the author ? at least, one hopes so. This is not a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portrait of the whole of Europe between 1300 and 1520: the focus is firmly on western, Catholic Europe. Of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Byzantium and is travails there is little mention; Scandinavia gets very little look-in; coverage wanes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards the east and effectively ends at the Lithuanian border. It is not that the peripheries are actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ignored ? most have their index entries ? but the thematic approach means that attention focuses on the usual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suspects, as exemplified in the chapter on political structures: France, Spain, England, Germany, and Italy. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are gaps and omissions. Nevertheless, Briggs does aim to cover as much as his word limit will allow, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in many respects puts on a bravura performance, delivering a torrent of information in a fluent, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engaging, and occasionally caustic style. Unavoidably it is broad-brush stuff, with occasional more detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vignettes)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But again, does it work? In some respects a reviewer is not really qualified to say ? a reviewer supposedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not need a textbook \(but even for those already )] TJ ET BT 287.960 489.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(au fait)] TJ ET BT 318.968 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( with the period there is much to be gleaned from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the details, and from the illustrations\). The book is a good read; but how much will its intended readers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually want or need to read, and how will they read it? The thematic approach breaks with the traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concept of a textbook, but that in itself need not deny the volume the label. The ordering of the themes is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more of a challenge, especially with the relegation of the core political survey to the fifth chapter, and thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather late into the survey. While that chapter offers sketches of the narratives of the surveyed realms, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are no more than sketches, and an overall sense of narrative is elusive both there and elsewhere. Ultimately, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book appears too advanced, too demanding, to serve as a textbook: it is not really a basic outline, but a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more advanced analysis which presumes, and often assumes, the preliminary background knowledge of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe?s evolution on which the thematic assessment can draw to reinforce its own arguments. It is perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a book to be used as an adjunct for a series of specific seminars \(which in actuality it seems to have evolved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from in the writing\), not as a comfort blanket providing a foundational statement of events and debates ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although quarrying certainly brings up the latter. The issue becomes really apparent when this volume is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compared, and contrasted, with what its preliminaries identify as its companion in the series of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Routledge History of the Middle Ages? ? Malcolm Barber?s )] TJ ET BT 332.300 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Two Cities )] TJ ET BT 407.984 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(first published 1993, second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edition 2004\), on the preceding period from 1050 to 1320. That volume \(admittedly rather larger\) serves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much more as a basic guide and support for preliminary forays into the period, providing information in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easily manageable and digestible introductory chunks, and with much more narrative. Briggs?s volume will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps be more successful as a second stage introduction, to provoke thought and flesh out ideas once the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preliminary narrative and contextual skeleton has been set in place.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is illustrated with 26 photographs and eight maps \(all of the latter reproduced from other works\); )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11 ?tables? list rulers and popes and some other information; a select chronology is also supplied \(not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duplicating dates given in the earlier tables\). There is a helpful survey of suggested further reading \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(302?15\), which serves as a guide to the bibliography which follows.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Against its many positive elements, the volume does have two annoying features. The index is split into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three, of people, places, and subjects; juggling between them can be irritating. Even more irritating is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system of referencing. Here the grouse is not that the references are in endnotes \(although footnotes are far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(superior more user-friendly\), but that the endnotes are frustratingly hybrid in character. Instead of providing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a straightforward route to the source of the information offered in the text, they impose a further stage by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being constructed in a kind of Harvard system ? providing author and date of publication, but no title details. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 1165 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The actual source then has to be found by working through to the bibliography. This makes the process of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(following up the references in the text both laborious and annoying, to the point that one simply gives up. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is hard to imagine many students going to so much bother, unless they feel that they really have to.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 722.719 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 704.939 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 704.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1060)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 703.545 m 328.316 703.545 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 678.568 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 664.168 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5399)] TJ ET BT 34.016 649.768 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 703.8595 328.3157 715.7395 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1060) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000552 00000 n 0000000634 00000 n 0000004938 00000 n 0000005047 00000 n 0000005157 00000 n 0000005266 00000 n 0000008827 00000 n 0000008955 00000 n 0000009039 00000 n 0000009104 00000 n 0000016696 00000 n 0000016761 00000 n 0000023457 00000 n 0000023522 00000 n 0000031088 00000 n 0000031172 00000 n 0000032390 00000 n 0000032518 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32614 %%EOF