%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818084003+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818084003+01'00') /Title (Understanding the British Empire) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4177 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Understanding the British Empire)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here is a history of verve, valour and vignettes with broad and exciting perspectives that make it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wonderfully unfashionable and provocatively readable with the constant eminence of its scholarship and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(style. Historian of empire Ronald Hyam delivers with )] TJ ET BT 294.992 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Understanding the British Empire )] TJ ET BT 461.660 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a collection of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays and chapters written during the course of his more than 50-year career as a Cambridge Don at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Magdalene College. Though some of the chapters have previously been published, they have now been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revised and updated, and by being in this single volume rather than being exiled in a library journal have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become more accessible even to those familiar with Hyam?s work \(and if you are a student of the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire then it would be hard not to\). There is also previously unpublished material as well as a long and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable introduction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This volume has six sections: i\) ?Geopolitics and economics? ii\) ?Ethics and religion? iii\) ?Bureaucracy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policy-making? iv\) ?Great men? \(chapters on Smuts and Churchill\) v\) ?Sexuality? and vi\) ?Imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians?. These sections show \(some of\) the range which Dr Hyam has covered during his career and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(every chapter is full of fascination and interest, determinedly evading modern historical labels or fads. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed Hyam exhorts his clear method in the preface with his belief that history ?needs to be freed from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pitfalls of any abstract theorising which is not grounded in a basic understanding of the way the world )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works, human beings behave, and governments think. So let us immerse ourselves in the study of tendencies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1063)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 March, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ronald Hyam)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521132909)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(24.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(576pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harshan Kumarasingham)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7781 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of human nature, the operation of governments, the motives of rulers, the predicaments of the governed, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasoning of the politicians, and the techniques of the bureaucrats. Let us contemplate the diversity of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests and the complexities of policies, as well as the mechanisms of change, the circuits of continuity, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wiring of interaction and response. Let us register the significance of what people thought )] TJ ET BT 468.272 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(at the time)] TJ ET BT 518.936 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; and let )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us relish the explanatory power of taking broad and protean perspectives? \(p. xiv\). This refreshingly simple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cogent approach enables Hyam to cover all the subjects of empire with clarity and purpose.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hyam?s approach allows him to unite and give coherence to chapters with seemingly variant titles like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Africa and the Labour Government, 1945-1951? and ?Penis envy and ?penile othering? in the colonies and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America?. The great strength of the book is Hyam?s ability to explain contentious and detailed issues and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concepts using astute analysis and often telling anecdote. This also works when he demonstrates the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance of small ignored issues upon the fortunes of the British Empire, such as the battles between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colonial Office, the Treasury and Foreign Office over the post-war empire, particularly involving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administratively ambiguous dependencies and protectorates \(pp. 217?22\). This appraisal allows the reader to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see the views of different ministers, such as ?neo-Palmerstonian? Bevin at Foreign Office, who saw the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of Africa \(involving, for instance, bartering coal from Wankie \(Hwange\) for Argentine beef\) as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way of freeing Britain from American economic dependence. Even Cripps at the Treasury wanted to ?force )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the pace? of economic development of colonial Africa as a way to close the dollar gap \(p. 239\). Such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives of high politics are complimented by eccentric information of African development such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact that one elephant tusk could only yield three high quality billiard balls \(p. 101\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hyam is known for his interest in Africa, with many of the chapters of this volume concerned with that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continent. Refreshingly Churchill is seen, though not exclusively, through his influence on Africa. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Curiously, as Hyam acknowledges, with all the mass of volumes on the man there is not a lot written on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill and the empire ? though this has recently been rectified by Richard Toye?s recent work \()] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Churchill?s Empire ? The World That Made Him and the World He Made)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 392.996 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 392.996 443.187 m 406.988 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 406.988 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, though Hyam perhaps was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not able to make much use of this due it being published so closely to his own work\). Churchill?s first years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a minister in the 1905 Liberal Government are fascinatingly analysed here. Hyam describes Churchill?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes to empire and how it shaped him, especially at the Colonial Office, where ?the Pitt in him jostled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the Puck in him? \(p. 304\) seeing his grandiose schemes for empire compete with real concern for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welfare of its subjects. Churchill in 1901 we learn after reading a report on poverty could ?see little glory in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an Empire which can rule the waves and is unable to flush the sewers? \(p. 311\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hyam valuably analyses the different forms of empire and uses comparative examples, especially French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ones, to explain the variations of empire and to eradicate any interpretation of the British Empire as one vast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centrally organised hegemony. He instead highlights John Darwin?s work on the formal and informal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspects of rule, protectorates, crown colonies, dominions, mandates etc.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 378.284 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 378.284 288.627 m 392.276 288.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even for those well read on the British Empire Hyam is able to provide new insights and revive forgotten )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures, like Lord Glenelg, Colonial Secretary 1835?9 \(defender of indigenous people against unwarranted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(annexation and interference\), 18th-century Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge Peter Peckard and his campaigns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to abolish the slave trade, and post-war civil servant, the highly intelligent and working class John Bennett, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose foresights on the end of empire that troubled his more traditional ?betters?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hyam is perhaps most famously in known for his work on sexuality and this work proves his continued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest in this area \(indeed it is the largest section of the book\). Hyam?s level of detail on the subject is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost lurid in its assessment of the ?sexual love of boys?, and profiles of proconsular pederasts especially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in ?Greek love in British India: Captain Searight?s manuscript? \(pp. 440?70\) or Kinseyan comparisons of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(penis size between black and white males \(pp 401?16\). His work on the subject, however, shows his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pioneering role in making sexuality a subject deserving of its place within the history of empire tent. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inevitably means that he has been criticised by many and Hyam is more than willing to engage on this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject and others with his detractors. Hyam seems in this book most concerned with how post-modernists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and post-colonialists are making assumptions and interpretations of empire without real evidence and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empirical research. Hyam despairs that even being a nation of tea-drinkers ?can be made to look suspect? )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 392.9957 443.5015 406.9877 455.3815 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 378.2837 288.9415 392.2757 300.8215 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 6109 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and is dismayed by the ?cavalier dismissal of the need for evidence? that some of the theoretical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practitioners have in advancing \(for example\) food, health, sex and weather arguments on empire with their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?insistence on unconscious assumptions about the empire [which] has a worrying whiff of pseudo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Freudianism about it ...? \(p 16\). Despite his disagreement with them Hyam is meticulous in recording in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(footnotes \(or in the main work\) the alternative views. Indeed the footnotes are almost worthy of being a book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on their own such is their detail and fascinating analysis both intellectual and biographical.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though this work will have something for all students of empire, those who have an interest in Cambridge?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to the history of the British Empire will have copious pages to devour relating to their alma )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mater?s influence on, and study of, empire. Linked to this are the Oxbridge men \(and some women\) who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(populated the Colonial, Dominion, Commonwealth and Foreign offices. Hyam is at his best in describing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(official perspectives of empire and examining the ?long tradition, the experience and personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characteristics? of officials especially in the Colonial Office, which only a very powerful secretary of state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could impose his own policy upon. Hyam argues that before 1964 ?little adjustment to new parties was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(required. Temperamental differences between ministers of whatever political colour were more important, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(garrulous character succeeded taciturn, slave-driver replaced indulgent, intellectual followed near-illiterate, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or lazy amateur succeeded dedicated professional. Like all civil servants, Colonial Office officials were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expected to be unbiased politically. However, in the broadest terms, the ?mind? of the Colonial Office was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humane and progressive, unable to identify with extreme right-wing attitudes to empire. They were proud of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the empire, but also sceptical about it? \(p. 215\). Hyam has been criticised for being too sympathetic towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?official? part of the empire, but it is more that he provides invaluable insights into the civil service )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?mind? at all levels at and beyond Whitehall, giving various perspectives of the Britons running the empire.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book is not, and nor does it claim to be, a history of the British Empire or any specific part of it. It is, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, a book of remarkable range and scholarship demonstrating a lifetime?s erudition of empire from a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leader in the field. Hyam argues that prestige was one of the great motivators of the British Empire and more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(durable than power. This work has power and prestige and will influence our study of empire regardless of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discipline or field. We can only hope that this is not the last work of Hyam to help us, as he has for over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past 50 years, in understanding the British Empire.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 366.915 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 336.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Toye?s, )] TJ ET BT 145.664 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Churchill?s Empire ? The World That Made Him and the World He Made)] TJ ET BT 501.644 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 320.643 m 149.000 320.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 307.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Darwin, ?Britain?s Empires? in )] TJ ET BT 243.992 307.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Empire ? Themes and Perspectives)] TJ ET BT 469.304 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Sarah )] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stockwell \(Oxford, 2008\), pp 1?20.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 234.992 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 234.992 292.131 m 288.980 292.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 267.269 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Times Higher Education)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 237.363 m 270.668 237.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.668 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 234.031 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 216.251 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 216.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1063)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 214.857 m 328.316 214.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 189.880 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.480 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5412)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.080 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=412621)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 320.9575 148.9997 332.8375 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 234.9917 292.4455 288.9797 304.3255 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 237.6775 270.6677 249.5575 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=412621) >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 215.1715 328.3157 227.0515 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1063) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000528 00000 n 0000000610 00000 n 0000004839 00000 n 0000004948 00000 n 0000005058 00000 n 0000005167 00000 n 0000008728 00000 n 0000008856 00000 n 0000008940 00000 n 0000009031 00000 n 0000016865 00000 n 0000016895 00000 n 0000017023 00000 n 0000017059 00000 n 0000017089 00000 n 0000017217 00000 n 0000017253 00000 n 0000017358 00000 n 0000023520 00000 n 0000023647 00000 n 0000023702 00000 n 0000023830 00000 n 0000023885 00000 n 0000024012 00000 n 0000024128 00000 n 0000024256 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 24352 %%EOF