%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 28 0 R 33 0 R 41 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721165800+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721165800+01'00') /Title (Creating a Scottish Church: Catholicism, Gender and Ethnicity in Nineteenth-Century Scotland) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3312 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Creating a Scottish Church: Catholicism, Gender and Ethnicity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Nineteenth-Century Scotland)] TJ ET BT 64.016 254.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Midst the foe, and the stranger she seeks not renown)] TJ ET BT 64.016 227.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She courts not their smiles, and she heeds not their frowns)] TJ ET BT 64.016 201.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Could she only impart unto childhood and youth)] TJ ET BT 64.016 175.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The science of God, of religion, and truth... \(p. 110\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Written in 1854 by Bishop Alexander Smith as a tribute to Veronica Cordier, the co-foundress of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 122.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Franciscan Sisters in Glasgow, this poem, which Karly Kehoe unearthed within the religious community?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 108.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archives, in many ways encapsulates the broader themes which she explores in her fascinating survey of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholicism in 19th-century Scotland. Her important and innovative study charts new territory through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examining the intersections of gender, ethnicity \(Irish, English and European\) and an adaptive religiosity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 65.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the backdrop of rapid urbanization, contested nationalism and the slow development of social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 51.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welfare services. This ambitious agenda is supported by a rich, diverse and little-utilized source base, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1080)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 30 April, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. Karly Kehoe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719080784)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(206pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alana Harris)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 4737 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encompassing private collections, the archives of various religious orders and the centralised Scottish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic Archives. The result is a wide-ranging and synoptic survey of important aspects of the resurgence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Catholicism in Scotland and the transformation of ?a broken and underground church on the periphery of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish society ... \(to\) an empowered and mobilised force on the nation?s religious and political landscape? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 175\). Kehoe?s revisionist critique seeks to incorporate Catholicism as a multi-faceted institution into a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th-century national, Presbyterian narrative whilst at the same time to acknowledge the ways in which it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complicated an uncritically projected, homogeneous British Protestant identity. This review will examine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this broader and important argumentative strategy through the divergent frameworks employed by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author: gender, ethnicity and Ultramontane Catholicism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(I)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The central part played by women in the transformation of religious cultures in the 19th century has emerged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a concerted area of study in the last decade, led by the pioneering work of Lesley Orr )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 458.900 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 458.900 614.259 m 472.892 614.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 472.892 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Callum Brown )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 600.003 m 48.008 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Susan Mumm )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 124.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 124.016 600.003 m 138.008 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 138.008 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and most recently by Sue Morgan and Jacqueline de Vries.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 423.620 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 423.620 600.003 m 437.612 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 437.612 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Kehoe?s study builds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on this research base, asserting that the ?role played by women ... across the denominational spectrum? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(67\) converged around shared ideals of femininity and morality and ?the belief that the reform of society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would ultimately be accomplished through the pious influence of women? \(p. 69\). Her study develops this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agenda further by exploring the agency of women, from both working class and middle class backgrounds, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who pursued their own constructions of these feminine ideals )] TJ ET BT 331.640 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(outside)] TJ ET BT 366.308 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the conventional sites for their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articulation, namely marriage and motherhood. At its heart, it is a study of a number of energetic women of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious conviction who embraced a life of celibacy and service in several newly-founded religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foundations in Scotland, mostly emanating from French congregations, but attracting impressive numbers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local postulants. Religious life for these women represented an alternative strategy for carving out an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity and for undertaking meaningful work, and Kehoe effectively demonstrates that in Catholic circles it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was these women religious who were chiefly engaged in the increasingly necessary social welfare work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(targeted at women and girls. Her inquiry seeks to illuminate the lives of these little-studied philanthropic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?foot soldiers? and to illustrate the ways in which they were ?pivotal and cooperative protagonists in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changing church? \(p. 70\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 458.8997 614.5735 472.8917 626.4535 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 600.3175 48.0077 612.1975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 124.0157 600.3175 138.0077 612.1975 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 423.6197 600.3175 437.6117 612.1975 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R ] /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 7742 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kehoe?s groundbreaking portrait of Scottish women religious ? the institutions they established, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional skills they offered and the religious authority they possessed ? lies at the heart of her study of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changing Catholic church and the emergence of a unified Catholic culture \(p. 74\). Through an exacting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excavation of the archives, she recounts the little-known history of the foundation and recruitment of women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious in Glasgow and Edinburgh, contextualized against the explosion of contemplative and active orders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout Europe, but most especially in France, where approximately 200,000 women joined over 400 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious orders between 1800 and 1880.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 229.316 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 229.316 697.539 m 243.308 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.308 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Chapter three offers a pioneering comparative juxtaposition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the predominantly upper-class and highly influential Ursulines of Jesus \(founded in Edinburgh and attracting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the daughters of the Scottish and English elite\) and the Franciscan Sisters of the Immaculate Conception in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Glasgow and their burgeoning community in the 1850s, which attracted both Irish and Scottish entrants. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, the study of the operation of the Irish-founded Sisters of Mercy in both Glasgow and Edinburgh, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hampered slightly by limited archival access, offers an opportunity to examine differences in the Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious landscape, inflected through class and ethnicity, in the Eastern and Western districts of the country. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These textured case studies of the ?agency of collective female action? \(p. 74\) testify to the concerted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activity and resourcefulness of these providers of cradle-to-grave spiritual and material welfare. It also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explores their collaborations and conflicts with male clergy who, like Bishop Alexander Smith, sometimes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valued their enthusiasm and efforts but in other instances ?regularly interfered with convent affairs because )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were uncomfortable with women who crossed traditional boundaries and ?modified? gender limitations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to acquire moral authority? \(p. 91\). Kehoe?s historical sketches of these religious communities give vivid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples of the personalities and issues that elicited these differences and tensions, but is also to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welcomed for the much needed texture it gives to the context in which these women operated, namely a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rapidly expanding and increasingly self-confident Scottish Catholic community characterized by marked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and potentially divisive\) heterogeneity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(II)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kehoe provides a long historical trajectory when charting the ethic, class-based and political diversity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish Catholicism in the 19th century. Her opening chapter describes the state of the denomination up to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1834, sketching a fragile faith on the margins of national life, tainted by its association with Jacobite causes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and sensitive to a pervasive anti-Catholicism which was as much ?a consequence of Presbyterianism?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divisions and increasing vulnerability as it was of Scotland?s changing self-image thanks to empire and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrial enterprise? \(p. 28\). The relief legislation passed two decades after the English equivalent \(1793\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was greeted by a Scottish Catholicism that understood and presented itself as indigenous and localised ? a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world away from the unified, Rome-focused and centralising Catholic culture of the later Victorian period. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This introduction lays the groundwork for Kehoe?s discussion in chapter two of the arrival of the Irish )] TJ ET BT 528.272 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(en )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(masse)] TJ ET BT 63.344 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( after 1800, the reorganization of the church in 1827, and the activities of prominent Scottish middle- )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and upper-middle class converts who used their religious convictions as an impetus to campaign for social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and moral change in ways that mirrored the activities of their liberal, Protestant countrymen. Throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters that follow on the religious foundations, the development of Catholic education and the evolution of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associational and devotional cultures, these cultural and class-based frictions between Irish and Scottish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholics, between Oxbridge-educated Ultramontane converts and working-class Irish immigrants, some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whom brought Home Rule aspirations to their adopted country, are well illustrated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kehoe is particularly effective when describing the ethnic fissures within religious communities and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerted efforts of the Hierarchy to ensure the ?Scottish? character of women religious, given their elevated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role in representing and reproducing a Catholic culture. The numbers of Irish-born religious within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established orders were closely monitored, and the Bishops placed a strong premium on Scottish female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(superiors \(p. 93\). The internal politics at the Mercy convent and amongst the Franciscan sisters are proffered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as telling vignettes in a cultural war to assert Scotch authority, culminating in 1867 when the Archbishop of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Westminster, Henry Manning, was sent by Rome to Scotland to investigate and quell the ?racial antipathy? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ?mutual prejudices? \(p. 103\) which were seen to threaten church stability. These efforts to dilute the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irishness of the Catholic migrants in Scotland were redoubled in areas of education, given its appreciation as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key to the shaping of a national Catholic culture and Kehoe provides an animated description of the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 229.3157 697.8535 243.3077 709.7335 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 36 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 34 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Length 7310 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?determined effort to install recusant or Scottish-born women sympathetic to national traditions to convent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leadership positions? \(p. 128\). Women religious? positions as teachers, welfare workers and role models )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were understood as playing a crucial part in forging a loyal nationalist identity and minimising the influence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Irish Catholicism on Catholicism in Scotland. An important contribution to the historiography is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made through Kehoe?s investigation of the more pronounced anti-Irish sentiments found in the West of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland compared with the East, in Glasgow as opposed to Edinburgh. The differing levels of urbanization, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrialization and the marked ethnic differentials attributable to a more populous working-class, migrant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community congregated by the Clyde gave these cities different characters. Kehoe?s exploration of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different types of educational offering provided by these teaching sisters illustrates well the marked diversity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the Catholic community and the enlistment of these female religious to shape the ways in which these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various enclaves imagined and enacted their relationship to the church and the nation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(III)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alongside her discussion of the role of sisters and nuns in ministering to the ?stranger? and socialising the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?youth?, Kehoe also seeks to map her study of Scottish Catholicism onto a much wider debate about the rise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Ultramontane Catholicism in the 19th century throughout Europe.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 363.656 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 363.656 571.491 m 377.648 571.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 377.648 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The author asserts that while not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily Ultramontane themselves, it was women religious who pulled Scotland closer to Rome \(p. 69\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and who served Ultramontanist as well as nationalist ends \(p. 129\). It is these field workers, she argues, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were the chief promoters of an evolving and distinctively Catholic, unified, Rome-centred and markedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gendered visual and material culture. This is a tantalising argument which Kehoe only briefly explores in her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(final chapter, and one that could well be extended in other national contexts following on from Carmen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mangion?s timely exploration of similar themes in England and Wales.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 376.652 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 376.652 485.955 m 390.644 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While ultimately well conceived, Kehoe?s stated aspirations to challenge notions of a Catholic ?ghetto? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(149\) and to illuminate the ways in which these Catholic associational cultures and forms of ?civic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engagement? embodied values and aspirations shared with liberal, reforming Scottish Presbyterian society, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not fully realised. The author over-stretches her argument in attempting to link the various sodalities, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(processions, educational initiatives and reforming societies which evolved in Scotland to hierarchy-led, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tailored initiatives to counter Fenianism, women?s quest for the franchise and working-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marginalization. Her argument about the preeminent role played by these sisters in ?producing good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholics and to making the Catholic community as a whole respectable, obedient and loyal to church and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state? \(p. 179\) is surely correct, but a much more detailed, textured study would be required to make good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the links she intuits, but does not elucidate, between the education of girls and their future socializing roles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as mothers, or the work of religious orders towards the dilution of radicalism in working-class communities. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an area which would benefit from much more sustained research, extending in fact beyond the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence of women religious alone, but Kehoe is to be congratulated for laying some of the essential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foundations for this further exploration, in addition to the relationship between Scottish nationalism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convert Catholicism, which she also identifies as warranting more focused attention \(p. 53\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Considered in its entirety, Karly Kehoe?s erudite and engaging study of the essential role of women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious in shaping the religious cultures of 19th?century Catholicism makes good its aspiration to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminate the complexity of Catholic identity in Scotland and to explore the ways in which a resilient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrant ethnic identity was ?grafted to a broader Scottish identity? \(p. 175\). More than a century later when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary Scotland, as elsewhere in the United Kingdom, continues to plays host to ?A8? accession )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrants \(many of whom are Catholic\) as well as a growing and ethnically-diverse Islamic community, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highly readable case study of 19th-century intersections between gender, ethnicity and religiosity has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable contemporary resonance. This commendable inquiry into the ways in which a religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minority retained a sense of its own distinctiveness while seeking to incorporate itself into civic society and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the national narrative, charts new territory in the historiography and reminds the reader that debates about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration and its effects on a nation?s religious and political landscape have a longstanding genealogy)] TJ ET endstream endobj 35 0 obj [33 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 363.6557 571.8055 377.6477 583.6855 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj [33 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 376.6517 486.2695 390.6437 498.1495 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R ] /Contents 42 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Length 5775 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 775.827 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 745.210 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(L. Orr MacDonald, )] TJ ET BT 159.656 745.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Unique and Glorious Mission: Women and Presbyterianism in Scotland, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1830?1930)] TJ ET BT 118.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Edinburgh, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 212.672 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 212.672 729.555 m 266.660 729.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 716.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(C. Brown, )] TJ ET BT 116.684 716.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Death of Christian Britain. Understanding Secularisation, 1800?2000)] TJ ET BT 475.040 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2nd edition, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Abingdon, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 149.012 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 149.012 701.043 m 203.000 701.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 688.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. Mumm, )] TJ ET BT 118.028 688.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stolen Daughters, Virgin Mothers: Anglican Sisterhoods in Victorian Britain)] TJ ET BT 488.372 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 672.531 m 149.000 672.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 659.674 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women, Gender and Religious Cultures in Britain, 1800?1940)] TJ ET BT 365.012 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. S. Morgan and J. de Vries, )] TJ ET BT 519.320 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 644.019 m 196.328 644.019 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 631.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For a broader discussion, see J. A. K. McNamara, )] TJ ET BT 305.960 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sisters in Arms: Catholic Nuns through Two )] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Millennia)] TJ ET BT 110.684 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, MA, 1996\); Susan O?Brien, ?Religious life for women?, in )] TJ ET BT 464.312 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From Without the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Flaminan Gate: 150 Years of Roman Catholicism in England and Wales, 1850-2000)] TJ ET BT 470.012 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. V. A. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McClelland and M. Hodgetts \(London, 1999\), pp. 108?41; and F. J. O?Hagan, )] TJ ET BT 442.976 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Contribution of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Religious Orders to Education in Glasgow during the Period 1847?1918)] TJ ET BT 414.356 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Lewiston, NY, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 526.340 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 526.340 572.739 m 554.000 572.739 l S BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 558.483 m 90.344 558.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 545.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For background, see A. R. Vidler, )] TJ ET BT 229.988 545.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Church in an Age of Revolution: 1789 to the Present )] TJ ET BT 506.972 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Day )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Harmondsworth, 1961\); )] TJ ET BT 186.332 531.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Catholicism in Britain and France since 1789)] TJ ET BT 407.000 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. F. Tallett and N. Atkin )] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1991\) and in an English context, J. F. Supple,)] TJ ET BT 333.008 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Ultramontanism in Yorkshire, 1850?1900? in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Religion in Victorian Britain: Volume IV, Interpretations)] TJ ET BT 338.348 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. G. Parsons \(Manchester, 1992\), pp. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(135?49 and Mary Heimann, )] TJ ET BT 201.656 488.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Catholic Devotions in Victorian England)] TJ ET BT 398.996 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 477.644 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 477.644 487.203 m 531.632 487.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 474.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carmen Mangion, )] TJ ET BT 154.340 474.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contested Identities: Catholic Women Religious in Nineteenth-Century England )] TJ ET BT 64.016 460.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Wales)] TJ ET BT 114.344 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Manchester, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 214.316 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 214.316 458.691 m 268.304 458.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 417.103 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 399.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 399.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1080)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 397.929 m 328.316 397.929 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 372.952 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.552 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5481)] TJ ET endstream endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 212.6717 729.8695 266.6597 741.7495 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 149.0117 701.3575 202.9997 713.2375 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 672.8455 148.9997 684.7255 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 142.3397 644.3335 196.3277 656.2135 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 526.3397 573.0535 553.9997 584.9335 ] >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 30 0 R >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 558.7975 90.3437 570.6775 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 30 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 477.6437 487.5175 531.6317 499.3975 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 35 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 214.3157 459.0055 268.3037 470.8855 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 38 0 R >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 60 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 398.2435 328.3157 410.1235 ] >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1080) >> endobj xref 0 61 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000602 00000 n 0000000684 00000 n 0000004048 00000 n 0000004157 00000 n 0000004267 00000 n 0000004376 00000 n 0000007937 00000 n 0000008065 00000 n 0000008149 00000 n 0000008254 00000 n 0000013044 00000 n 0000013074 00000 n 0000013202 00000 n 0000013238 00000 n 0000013268 00000 n 0000013394 00000 n 0000013430 00000 n 0000013460 00000 n 0000013588 00000 n 0000013624 00000 n 0000013654 00000 n 0000013782 00000 n 0000013818 00000 n 0000013902 00000 n 0000021697 00000 n 0000021727 00000 n 0000021855 00000 n 0000021891 00000 n 0000021982 00000 n 0000029345 00000 n 0000029375 00000 n 0000029503 00000 n 0000029539 00000 n 0000029569 00000 n 0000029697 00000 n 0000029733 00000 n 0000029873 00000 n 0000035701 00000 n 0000035829 00000 n 0000035884 00000 n 0000036012 00000 n 0000036067 00000 n 0000036194 00000 n 0000036249 00000 n 0000036377 00000 n 0000036432 00000 n 0000036560 00000 n 0000036615 00000 n 0000036741 00000 n 0000036796 00000 n 0000036924 00000 n 0000036979 00000 n 0000037107 00000 n 0000037162 00000 n 0000037290 00000 n trailer << /Size 61 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 37386 %%EOF