%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 28 0 R 36 0 R 41 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140729085230+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140729085230+01'00') /Title (Structures and Transformations in Modern British History) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4733 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Structures and Transformations in Modern British History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Structure? is still an unfashionable word in history. Since the late 1980s, ?post-structuralism? \(or, more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commonly, its elastic cousin postmodernism\) has seemed to dominate much historical writing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodology. The ?linguistic turn? has sharpened historians? attention to the power of language. More )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently, interest in ?identities? and ?representations? has underpinned the popularity of cultural history. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Furthermore, most historians ? whether they adhere to relativism or not ? now think carefully before putting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forward overarching narratives involving the state, economy, and international relations determining the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course of events. Yet postmodernism did not kill off structure completely. In the 1990s, historians were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps too wrapped up in debating the theory rather than actually writing genuinely post-structuralist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monographs.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 96.344 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 96.344 157.881 m 110.336 157.881 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 110.336 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Recent history books aimed at the general public, not least Niall Ferguson?s )] TJ ET BT 481.628 159.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Civilization: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the West and the Rest)] TJ ET BT 137.336 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, have sought to reposition structure at the fore of explanation.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 435.956 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 435.956 143.625 m 449.948 143.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 452.948 145.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Structures and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Transformations in British History)] TJ ET BT 201.044 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has a less bombastic but still authoritative agenda, rethinking the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaning of structure and its role in the evolution of British politics and society since 1750.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This collection of 12 essays is a )] TJ ET BT 189.668 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(festschrift)] TJ ET BT 237.008 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to the Cambridge scholar Gareth Stedman Jones. Its authors are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his former students or colleagues. In their introduction, editors David Feldman and Jon Lawrence describe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stedman Jones?s career as a prism through which to view the trajectory of British social and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1082)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 30 April, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Feldman)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jon Lawrence)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521518826)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(344pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Katrina Navickas)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 96.3437 158.1955 110.3357 170.0755 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 435.9557 143.9395 449.9477 155.8195 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7498 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography of the last 30 years. The beginning of the post-structuralist turn in British political history has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often been attributed to Stedman Jones. His essay on the ?language of Chartism?, reworked for his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influential book, )] TJ ET BT 116.348 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Languages of Class: Studies in English Working Class History, 1832?1982)] TJ ET BT 477.704 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, pre-empted the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postmodern emphasis upon ?discourse? as the major, or even only, structure and form of popular agency.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 539.252 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 539.252 752.307 m 553.244 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet, as Feldman and Lawrence underline, Stedman Jones was never a post-structuralist in its most extreme )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form. He did not reject all forms of structural agency or place his faith in language alone. On the contrary, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stedman Jones challenged the ?illusion that empiricist history was somehow non-ideological and non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theoretical? \(p. 8\). The essays in this book are thoroughly grounded in this approach.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Feldman and Lawrence assert that the key theme of all the essays is ?a determination to re-open old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions about the relationship between long-term socio-economic change and changes in culture and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice? \(p. 20\). The book re-evaluates three broad structural developments from 1750 to the present day:)] TJ ET BT 48.816 615.658 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the effects of urbanisation and industrialisation upon society;)] TJ ET BT 48.816 601.402 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relationship between politics, the state, and social change;)] TJ ET BT 48.816 587.146 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the development and evolution of transnational networks.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is not pure revisionism for the sake of it, however. The authors do not merely ?re-open old questions?: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they consider processes and connections in ways that older histories were never able to do. The authors wish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to re-establish structure as a vital, if now more nuanced and contingent, explanation for historical change. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The quality of the contributions and the variety of approaches is testimony to their success in achieving this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aim, as well as the lively and continued legacy that Stedman Jones himself is shaping.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Urbanisation, industrialisation, and society)] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The essays begin with E. A. Wrigley?s re-examination of the patterns and effects of population growth in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain from 1751 to 1851. This is a solid demographical analysis in the mode of the Cambridge Population )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Group. His main innovation is more detailed analysis using the administrative district of the ?hundred? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than the larger county as a unit of measurement. Wrigley effectively rehabilitates the ?rupture? thesis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of older demographic histories of the industrial revolution, though pinpointing its effects more specifically to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a scale as small as particular hundreds. He concludes that England was saved from a Malthusian crisis by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shift from an agricultural to a ?mineral-based energy-rich economy?, but ?markedly lopsided growth was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key element in this success? \(p. 51\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Continuing the theme of rethinking the major socio-economic changes of the late 18th century, Emma )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Griffin reappraises the effects of civic improvement. She brings together two parallel threads in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography of 18th-century urban history: first, the middle-class regulation and suppression of popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(customs; and second, Peter Borsay?s influential idea of the ?urban renaissance?. In the latter narrative, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Georgian elites remodelled the physical environments of their towns in pursuit of aesthetic beauty and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(middle-class leisure. In a broad rebuff to Borsay, Griffin underlines the darker purposes behind civic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(improvement, principally that of social control. Focusing on marketplaces, she argues for the continuance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a vibrant and disorderly street life in Georgian England, which urban elites attempted, unsuccessfully, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulate and move out of the towns. The ?urban renaissance?, therefore, was a civic ideal rather than a social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reality. Griffin echoes Hannah Barker and other historians? recent challenges to the dominance of southern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English leisure resorts in the history of Georgian urban development.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 365.972 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 365.972 181.347 m 379.964 181.347 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 379.964 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The title of the chapter contains the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?mob?, although only the penultimate couple of pages concern the relationship between civic improvement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and popular disorder, a point that I would like to have seen expanded in more detail.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tristram Hunt follows a similar line to Griffin concerning the relationship between the rise of the big city )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the newly urbanised working classes. He examines the myths and realities behind Friedrich Engels?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portrayal of Manchester in his 1845 ?trail-blazing publication?, )] TJ ET BT 340.964 99.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Condition of the Working Class in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(England)] TJ ET BT 74.684 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Hunt explains how Engels exaggerated the extent of social zoning, exaggerated class segregation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and deliberately ignored the finely graded divisions within the working classes in order to make early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian Manchester fit his preconceived model of the development of industrial capitalism. This is not )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 539.2517 752.6215 553.2437 764.5015 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 365.9717 181.6615 379.9637 193.5415 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 34 0 R ] /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 7436 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entirely a new argument about either Engels or Manchester.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 320.948 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 320.948 795.075 m 334.940 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 334.940 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Nevertheless, Hunt follows the mode set by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stedman Jones for ?identifying linguistic and imaginary structures? that went on to have much broader, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Engels? case, world-changing consequences.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alun Howkins pulls apart the old myths about the effects of enclosure in 18th-century England, namely that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it resulted in the death of the yeomanry and the rise of a new population of landless day labourers. This is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(piece of deft historiographical investigation, showing how the particular agenda of late 19th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians of enclosure shaped their arguments about dispossessed labour. Radical and socialist politics of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the late Victorian period encouraged the persistence of a romanticised pre-enclosure landscape that ignored )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the realities of historical agricultural practices and labour. Contemporary issues of preservation and access to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commons obscured the fact that the majority of land enclosed between 1845 and 1914 was agricultural, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that most enclosers focused on economic improvement rather than deliberately depriving local inhabitants of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spaces for leisure. Furthermore, these debates about commons preservation were largely conducted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(separately from the arguably more pressing issue of general land reform.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Politics, the state, and society)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joanna Innes reconsiders the nature of the growth of central government in England at the tail end of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long 18th century. This is by far the boldest and most far-reaching essay in the collection in the spirit of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stedman Jones. Innes begins with two main challenges to the existing historiography. First, she points out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the inaccuracies in Philip Harling and Peter Mandler?s theses about the expansion of the number of statutes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and public expenditure in this period. Second, she contests Boyd Hilton?s characterization of politics in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period as ?socio-economic liberalism? shot through with Evangelicalism. Innes argues that in many ways, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially in education, public health, and spiritual life, the government did extend its role in some areas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between 1780 and 1830. However, overall ?the basic shape of the apparatus of English domestic government )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not change much? \(p. 91\). Rather, we must examine the new ideas that did emerge around the turn of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, especially concerning ?the state of the people? within a much longer timeframe and set of processes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jonathan Parry continues Innes? themes about the changing relationship between local and central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government and society. In the period of Innes? discussion of government growth, the Country Whig-Liberal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critique of ?Old Corruption? acted as a spur for reform. By contrast, from the Peelite Tory economic reforms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the 1840s onwards, the rhetoric of Old Corruption went into decline. By 1870, the influence of vested )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests in the state and its reform had declined significantly. The ?new politics? under Gladstone and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Disraeli saw a strengthening of the reputation of the institutions of state, and a weakening of special lobby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups? power to force through reform from outside the government. The chapter, though authoritative, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predominantly based on secondary sources, and it would have been useful to have seen some analysis of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliamentary debates on the changing definitions of reform in government and political practices.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jon Lawrence rethinks the role of class in Labour Party politics between 1900 and 1940. He argues clearly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and straightforwardly that the inclusive politics constructed by the Labour Party was vital to its breakthrough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1940. He suggests that Labour historians have not recognised that the party?s rejection of class politics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(came much earlier than the constitution of 1918. His chapter is a good example of how to combine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional structural history with the ?linguistic turn?. Lawrence?s attention to language and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation of class is, as he admits, a first for Labour history, even though historians of the Conservative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(party have already taken this approach.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 221.960 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 221.960 179.091 m 235.952 179.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alastair Reid and Daniel Pick provide the two more left-field essays in the collection. Reid considers the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?dialectics of liberation?, tracing the shift from old left to new left in 1960s counterculture. Pick discusses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why historians have mistrusted Sigmund Freud in particular, and psychoanalysis in general. The structure is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fluid and occasionally confusing. He chooses various examples of left-wing historians and their rejection of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychoanalysis as a methodology. The most concrete example is Marxist historians of the 1960s and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of Luddite machine breaking. Whereas Eric Hobsbawm stated that Luddism was ?simply a technique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of trade unionism?, Pick contends: ?For how are we to know that no hostility to the machine was involved? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Might attacks on machines not be considered \(after Freud\) as at least potentially ?over-determined??? \(p. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 320.9477 795.3895 334.9397 807.2695 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 221.9597 179.4055 235.9517 191.2855 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 39 0 R ] /Contents 37 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Length 7080 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(227\) What I think Pick is getting at is a wider point about crowds being motivated as much by emotion as by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the more objective rules of the ?moral economy?. In this, he echoes recent sociological and historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research which brings emotion back into social movements in order to correct George Rude?s portrayal of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the crowd as overtly rational in their reasoning and actions. Pick has a point when he argues that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?psychoanalysis might cause the historian to hesitate more, not less, before claiming to ? demarcate what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was really going on inside their minds and conversely what was not? \(p. 229\). However, he does not provide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enough examples of how historians are to use such methodologies when faced with the silence of the dead )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the layers of text in the archives. The chapter would have benefited from moving beyond the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography of the mid-20th century, and addressing instead more recent studies both of machine breaking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and of emotion in social movements.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 211.340 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 211.340 666.771 m 225.332 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Trans-national networks)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anne Summers heads the final theme, trans-national networks. She examines three foreign crises that had a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positive impact upon British feminism in the mid- to late- 19th century. She argues that British women?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reactions to the Italian unification movement, conflicts between Ottomans and Christians, and the Boer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wars, showed the extent of their empathy and activism for foreign causes. This extent of concern, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues, dispels the ?orthodoxy? that British feminism was ?dependent on the construction of an inferior and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonised female Other? \(p. 188\). The chapter is more of a breathless overview than a detailed analysis, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially compared to the tighter arguments of the other essays. The brevity of both the examples and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguments leave some unanswered questions. First, to what extent were these responses typical? Were they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confined to a certain class and milieu, or did they reach beyond the ?Muswell Hill Brigade? down to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working-class women? Second, it would have been useful to explain more about the connections between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each campaign and the wider feminist movement.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Feldman?s engaging discussion ?Why the English like turbans? uses a case study of the famous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wolverhampton Sikh bus driver case of 1967?9 to explore both the state and society?s responses to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evolution of a multicultural Britain from the mid-19th to the late 20th century. He makes a bold case for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relative toleration of England in response to religious diversity. In doing so, he challenges common views )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the British reaction to non-white immigration, and that support for multiculturalism was not restricted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the liberal, radical, and left. Feldman makes it clear this is more to do with religious pluralism rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(race. He does not deny the vicious streak of racial discrimination that underpinned many social and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflicts in Britain. Furthermore, religious toleration was not born out of benign benevolence, but rather was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?designed to preserve English dominance within the United Kingdom, to govern subject peoples within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire, and to preserve the privileges of the established church? \(p. 293\). Pluralist policies in response to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multiculturalism were therefore meant to preserve the vestiges of the English ancien regime at home and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overseas. He ends with some open-ended thoughts about New Labour?s response to multiculturalism and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legacy which is still atop the political agenda.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Often edited collections can suffer from a lack of coherence and contributions of variable quality. The usual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cause of this is the inevitable ?conference proceedings? volume, where editors desperately attempt to find a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common thread to draw the disparate contributions of variable quality together. This collection does not fall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into this category. Far from it, )] TJ ET BT 181.340 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Structures and Transformations )] TJ ET BT 337.688 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exhibits a clear sense of its purpose and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(direction throughout, which stand it in good stead for becoming one of those rare edited collections that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(becomes a staple work in British political historiography. The essays as a whole achieve the editors? goal of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combining empirical research with wider attention to the forces and influences shaping structures and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourses about structures. Two omissions deserve further consideration. First, though there is a welcome )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus on international connections, little is said about the four nations of the British Isles. Union, campaigns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for Home Rule, and devolution are surely key structural transformations that need rethinking within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stedman Jones? mode. Second, it would be interesting, and indeed useful, to include Gareth Stedman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jones?s response to these essays and interpretation of his work.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 38 0 obj [36 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 211.3397 667.0855 225.3317 678.9655 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R ] /Contents 42 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Length 4902 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 775.827 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 745.210 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anna Green and Kathleen Troup, )] TJ ET BT 227.300 745.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Houses of History: a Critical Reader in Twentieth-Century )] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History and Theory)] TJ ET BT 158.012 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Manchester, 1999\), p. 297.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 293.984 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 293.984 729.555 m 347.972 729.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 716.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Niall Ferguson, )] TJ ET BT 141.680 716.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Civilization: the West and the Rest)] TJ ET BT 308.012 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2011\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 389.336 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 389.336 715.299 m 443.324 715.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 702.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gareth Stedman Jones, )] TJ ET BT 177.332 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Languages of Class: Studies in English Working Class History, 1832?1982)] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1983\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 158.336 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 158.336 686.787 m 212.324 686.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 673.930 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hannah Barker, )] TJ ET BT 142.988 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Business of Women: Female Enterprise and Urban Development in Northern )] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(England 1760?1830)] TJ ET BT 161.684 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 240.332 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 240.332 658.275 m 294.320 658.275 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 645.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See for example, Steven Marcus, ?Reading the illegible?, in )] TJ ET BT 354.632 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Victorian City: Images and Realities)] TJ ET BT 551.624 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. H. J. Dyos and J. Wolff \(2 vols., London, 1973\), p. i.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 338.324 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 338.324 629.763 m 392.312 629.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 616.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Labour historians are slowly catching up. See Laura Beers, )] TJ ET BT 350.288 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Your Britain: Media and the Making of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Labour Party)] TJ ET BT 132.020 602.645 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(\()] TJ ET BT 136.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge, MA, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 251.672 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 251.672 601.251 m 305.660 601.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 588.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, Jeff Goodwin, )] TJ ET BT 201.992 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rethinking Social Movements: Structure, Meaning and Emotion)] TJ ET BT 509.624 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003\); Kevin Binfield, )] TJ ET BT 176.012 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Writings of the Luddites)] TJ ET BT 312.692 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Baltimore, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 404.684 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 404.684 572.739 m 458.672 572.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors are happy to accept this review and do not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 521.621 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 507.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Historical Association)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.org.uk/resources/secondary_resource_4398.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 491.715 m 361.304 491.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 364.304 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 488.383 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 470.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 470.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1082)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 469.209 m 328.316 469.209 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 444.232 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 429.832 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5487)] TJ ET BT 34.016 415.432 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.org.uk/resources/secondary_resource_4398.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 293.9837 729.8695 347.9717 741.7495 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 389.3357 715.6135 443.3237 727.4935 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 158.3357 687.1015 212.3237 698.9815 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 240.3317 658.5895 294.3197 670.4695 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I 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