%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 28 0 R 39 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417005957+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417005957+01'00') /Title (A Companion to World War I) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4275 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A Companion to World War I)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This edited companion in the multi-volume history survey series published by Wiley-Blackwell will become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a set text for students of the Great War, at least when the less expensive paperback version appears in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bookshops. \(Priced at 120.00, the hardback edition is really only a practicable purchase for libraries.\) The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume under review is cohesive, comprehensive and engaging throughout, which is not something that one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can always say about edited collections. It also includes an extended thematic bibliography that is akin to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography of the war and which will appeal to new and established students of the First World War. At )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nearly 700 pages and with 38 chapters, John Horne?s volume is, arguably, overly long, and this will deter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some who will prefer, say, the more concise )] TJ ET BT 248.636 159.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford Illustrated History of the First World War )] TJ ET BT 490.640 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edited by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hew Strachan.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.660 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.660 143.625 m 118.652 143.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 118.652 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( That said, the extra length gives Professor Horne?s volume a depth and breadth missing in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many of the other survey guides to this topic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapter contributors come in the main from British, Irish and US universities, but Horne, based at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trinity College, Dublin, has included a set of key French scholars ? such as Stphane Audoin-Rouzeau, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Annette Becker and Jean-Jacques Becker ? alongside academics from Italy, Germany, Belgium and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia. 12 of the chapters have been translated into English; certainly, reading the chapters it is obvious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1094)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 June, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Horne)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781405123860)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(120.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(728pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wiley-Blackwell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1405123869.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Hughes)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6597 143.9395 118.6517 155.8195 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8312 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that this is not an ?Anglo-Saxon? perspective on the war. The French dimension to the conflict is particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well served ? almost a quarter of the chapters are written by professors based at French universities ? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this means that much of the analysis draws upon \(for English-language readers, at least\) a refreshing range )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of French \(or non-British\) source material. At times, this makes for chapters that are rather parochial for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers accustomed to a ?British? understanding of the war, but this is not a bad thing, providing as it does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new ways of seeing and understanding the Great War.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The structure of Horne?s volume is telling. Two ?origins? chapters cover the issues of how Europe of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late 19th century envisaged a future war and why war broke out in August 1914. Here, John Keiger?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter on the origins of the war succinctly and skilfully examines a complex and heavily studied subject, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(setting up a standard for the remaining chapters that is invariably met, even if some of these are more partial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in tone. Thereafter, a ?military conflict? section of nine chapters deals with what might be called the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?traditional? combat dimensions to the war. The nine essays in this section, generally dealing with different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theatres or fronts, are all very good, written as they are by leading military historians, and cover not just the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Western Front but the Balkan, African, and Russian fronts, as well as the naval and air theatres of combat. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Strachan?s chapter on ?command, strategy and tactics? is a compact, illuminating summary of the set of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex strategic factors that led to ultimate victory and defeat. Similarly, Robin Prior?s and Trevor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson?s analysis of the last two years of the war on the Western Front neatly sums up the argument about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the supposed ?learning curve? of the Allied armies that led to their becoming sufficiently powerful to defeat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German forces in France and Belgium after August 1918.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It should be said that the military analysis here covers not so much the battlefield tactics ? dealt with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elsewhere by, )] TJ ET BT 102.992 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(inter alios)] TJ ET BT 152.000 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, scholars such as Paddy Griffith in )] TJ ET BT 323.312 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Battle Tactics of the Western Front, 1916?18)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 54.344 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Fighting Methods in the Great War)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 263.348 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 263.348 471.699 m 277.340 471.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 277.340 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? as the higher-level operations, strategy and command )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that underpinned the slaughter at the various fighting fronts. Horne does not make a play on the ?total war? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguments surrounding the First World War ? again dealt with in books such as Roger Chickering?s edited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Great War, Total War)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 143.684 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 143.684 428.931 m 157.676 428.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 157.676 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? but, instead, the industrial, mass, technological base to the First World War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underpins the text under review. Thus, the management \(or strategy\) of what will be a highly complex long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?total? war involving the home front as much as the war front forms the central part of what is examined in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?military conflict? section to Horne?s collection, overlapping with later chapters that are more social and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural in tone.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Horne follows this ?military? analysis of the war ? what was for many years the staple fare of many studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the First World War ? with a longer set of 13 thematic ?cultural? chapters that contextualize the war. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?faces of war? section shows how much First World War ?studies? have advanced beyond battlefield )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operations. It is here that Horne?s contributors engage with what might be called the ?war and society? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach to the First World War. One senses that this is where the volume has the biggest impact. Horne?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction to the whole book makes this point, giving more weight to the cultural than the military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimensions to the war. Such an approach proves that the writing of military history is no longer the preserve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of retired generals or academics at military academies but, instead, has become part of mainstream )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academia, tying in war to broader social, political, economic and cultural change. Alan Kramer provides an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effective chapter on non-combatant atrocities, building on the book he co-authored with Horne on the ?rape? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Belgium in 1914)] TJ ET BT 127.688 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(, German Atrocities, 1914: A History of Denial)] TJ ET BT 354.008 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 357.008 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 357.008 203.091 m 371.000 203.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 371.000 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Film, women, visual arts, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demography, faith, experiences of combat, science and medicine are just some of the other topics discussed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over a set of nicely crafted ?faces of war? chapters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final parts of the )] TJ ET BT 137.660 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Companion to World War I)] TJ ET BT 269.660 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( deal with national and state engagement with the war, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the war?s legacy. In 11 chapters, Horne examines pivotal states such as France, Germany and Britain, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but he shows the broad reach of his study by including chapters on German-occupied Eastern Europe, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Belgium, ?Yugoslavia?, Ireland and the British and French empires. These national studies re-engage the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader with military and thematic social issues from the previous two parts of the companion, combining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them in case studies that reinforce key arguments. The chapters on Austria-Hungary, Russia and Eastern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe are especially useful and interesting as the English-language literature on the First World War is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(typically ?Western-front? centric. The last three chapters under the title of ?legacies? examine the peace )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 263.3477 472.0135 277.3397 483.8935 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 143.6837 429.2455 157.6757 441.1255 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 357.0077 203.4055 370.9997 215.2855 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 34 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 7104 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treaties, as one would expect, but they also challenge, rightly in this reviewer?s opinion, the idea that the war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ended on 11 November 1918. Revolutions, civil wars and anarchy across large parts of Eastern Europe and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the former Ottoman Empire, including obviously Soviet Russia, extended the war into the 1920s. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russian and Irish civil wars were visible, bloody conflicts that flowed from the First World War, and were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the tip of an iceberg of social and political upheaval across Europe after 1918. Peter Gatrell in his chapter on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?war after the war? can only touch upon the misery and death that was the legacy of the ?peace? of 1918, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he gives a real sense of how for so many people the war never really ended. Ironically, the signing of peace )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often meant the start of another war. The trouble after 1918 was fed by the men traumatized by the war, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unable or unwilling to adjust to life as civilians. Such men would take the fascists to power in Italy in 1922 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Nazis to power in Germany in 1933. Such an approach dovetails with other volumes in the Wiley-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blackwell series such as the )] TJ ET BT 171.656 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Companion to International History, 1900?2001)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 408.332 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 408.332 652.515 m 422.324 652.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 422.324 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, linking in war with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomatic, global history across the whole of the 20th century. The final chapter of Horne?s companion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines mourning and memory, providing a cultural finale to a military history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Continuity and change provide the dominant theme to all of the chapters in Horne?s )] TJ ET BT 439.964 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Companion to World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(War I)] TJ ET BT 61.676 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Did the First World War usher in a new age of modernity or was it the last gasp of the )] TJ ET BT 483.608 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fin-de-sicle)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epoch? So often, we see the Great War in terms of a beginning, in which there emerged a new spirit of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernism, scepticism and irony, expressed in, )] TJ ET BT 264.992 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(inter alia)] TJ ET BT 309.332 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, T.S. Eliot?s poem ?The Wasteland? \(1922\), James )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joyce?s novel )] TJ ET BT 104.000 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ulysses)] TJ ET BT 140.660 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1922\), Bertolt Brecht?s and Kurt Weill?s play ?The Threepenny Opera? \(1928\), and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Absurdist art movements of the 1920s such as Dada. This was the ?age of extremes? \(1914?89\), the start of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the short twentieth century marked by fascism, communism, world and cold wars, ending with the fall of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berlin Wall in 1989. Even in military terms, the Great War saw the birth of the modern battlefield, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidenced by Jonathan Bailey in )] TJ ET BT 192.992 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The First World War and the Birth of the Modern Style of Warfare)] TJ ET BT 512.984 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 515.984 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 515.984 483.699 m 529.976 483.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 529.976 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Yet, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one has only to look at the pre-war paintings of Picasso or Kandinsky to see that life was changing before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1914. If the world was changing before 1914 then the First World War reflected rather than caused the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change. The tensions surrounding what the First World War represents ties together Horne?s volume, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether his contributors are discussing medicine, guns or art. At times, it seems as if little changed because )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the war. As Susan Grayzel shows in her chapter on ?Women and men? in Horne?s companion, any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes to women?s position in society were \(p. 274\) ?for the duration? and ?expectations for appropriate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gendered behaviour had changed relatively little during the war years?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What was the place of the First World War in history? Was it the end of one age or the start of another? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even in military terms, the war was, arguably, more the end of a journey that began with the French and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Industrial revolutions than the start of a new style of combat, )] TJ ET BT 329.312 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(contra)] TJ ET BT 360.644 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the arguments of those such as Jonathan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bailey. The First World War, it seems, sits on the cusp of two worlds and this ambiguity is nicely reflected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this volume. The issue of change and continuity was examined many years before by George Dangerfield )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in his )] TJ ET BT 63.356 287.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Strange Death of Liberal England)] TJ ET BT 248.360 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, published in 1935, in which Dangerfield argued that Britain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was changing before the Great War, measured by the mood of groups such as the working class, women and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish nationalists. More recently, Modris Eksteins? )] TJ ET BT 279.992 259.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rites of Spring )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 357.332 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 357.332 257.859 m 371.324 257.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 371.324 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has given this argument a new twist, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(showing how shocking new forms of dance and music were introduced into Paris in 1913. Thus, Horne?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection of essays usefully builds on an existing corpus of work.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 408.3317 652.8295 422.3237 664.7095 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 515.9837 484.0135 529.9757 495.8935 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 357.3317 258.1735 371.3237 270.0535 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 42 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 8869 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ideology, faith and nationalism, broadly understood, provide another theme to the book under review. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the First World War the grisly end of an era of post French Revolution nation-state nationalism ? that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(created and fed the mass armies that fought the war ? or was it the birth of a new set of more radical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideologies such as communism and fascism? Again, the reader is drawn into arguments about the place of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Great War in history, to which there are no easy answers. Issues of personal faith, memory, mourning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and trauma are even harder to understand, not just in terms of archival evidence and literature but also in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms of how we comprehend their places in a longer history. This is, of course, an issue well covered by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Fussell in his )] TJ ET BT 124.700 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Great War and Modern Memory)] TJ ET BT 302.336 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 305.336 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 305.336 683.283 m 319.328 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 319.328 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Readers interested in the different ways of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looking at the Great War might be interested to read Robin Prior?s and Trevor Wilson?s ?Paul Fussell at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 62.996 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 62.996 654.771 m 76.988 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 76.988 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, an article which sharply shows some of the methodological differences between scholars of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First World War, and an issue largely left to one side in Horne?s introduction.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Horne is to be congratulated for editing such a disparate group of essays into a cohesive whole. His coverage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the non-European aspects to the war ? )] TJ ET BT 232.628 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pace)] TJ ET BT 255.284 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( David Killingray?s chapter on the war in Africa ? is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complete, but the presentation of the First World War as a conflagration that consumed most of Europe is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excellent. This volume presents the war as a phenomenon that extended well beyond the Western Front, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much-needed approach, and one that allows the reader to see the war in all its horror, especially in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?bloodlands? of the east where atrocities and deaths outweighed other theatres of combat. The First World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War created both suffering and energy ? ?negative, by its power of destruction, but positive, by the forces it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberated? \(p. 238?9\) ? and the essays in Horne?s volume, in their different ways, prove this terrible paradox.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 480.963 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 450.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 450.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Oxford Illustrated History of the First World War)] TJ ET BT 324.020 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 330.020 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. Hew Strachan \(Oxford, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 493.640 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 493.640 448.947 m 547.628 448.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 436.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paddy Griffith, )] TJ ET BT 139.676 436.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Battle Tactics of the Western Front: British Army's Art of Attack, 1916-18)] TJ ET BT 494.900 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Haven, CT, 1994\); )] TJ ET BT 157.004 421.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Fighting Methods in the Great War)] TJ ET BT 363.008 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Paddy Griffith \(London, 1996\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 406.179 m 118.004 406.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 393.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Great War, Total War Combat and Mobilization on the Western Front, 1914?1918)] TJ ET BT 462.356 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Roger )] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chickering and Stig Frster \(Cambridge, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 294.332 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 294.332 377.667 m 348.320 377.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 364.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Horne and Alex Kramer, )] TJ ET BT 211.976 364.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(German Atrocities, 1914: A History of Denial)] TJ ET BT 432.296 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, CT, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 349.155 m 118.004 349.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 336.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Companion to International History, 1900?2001)] TJ ET BT 308.024 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Gordon Martel \(London, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 484.328 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 484.328 334.899 m 538.316 334.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 322.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jonathan Bailey, )] TJ ET BT 147.008 322.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The First World War and the Birth of the Modern Style of Warfare, )] TJ ET BT 473.000 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Strategic and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Combat Studies Institute, Occasional paper no. 22 \(Camberley, 1996\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 401.312 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 401.312 306.387 m 455.300 306.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 293.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Modris Eksteins, )] TJ ET BT 148.352 293.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rites of Spring: The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age)] TJ ET BT 458.336 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Boston, MA, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 277.875 m 149.000 277.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 265.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Fussell, )] TJ ET BT 128.360 265.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Great War and Modern Memory)] TJ ET BT 305.996 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1975\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 384.644 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 384.644 263.619 m 438.632 263.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 250.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robin Prior and Trevor Wilson, ?Paul Fussell at war?, )] TJ ET BT 327.656 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(War in History)] TJ ET BT 399.656 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1, 1 \(1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 461.648 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 461.648 249.363 m 515.636 249.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editor is happy to accept this review.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 198.245 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War and Game)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://warandgame.com/2010/12/31/book-review-a-companion-to-world-war-i/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 168.339 m 414.284 168.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 417.284 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 165.007 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 147.227 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 147.227 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1094)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 145.833 m 328.316 145.833 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 120.856 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.456 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5531)] TJ ET BT 34.016 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