%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140418005247+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140418005247+01'00') /Title (Bismarck's Favourite Englishman: Lord Odo Russell's Mission to Berlin) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4287 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Bismarck's Favourite Englishman: Lord Odo Russell's Mission to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Berlin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In a recent article on the relationship between Sir Alexander Malet, Britain's minister plenipotentiary to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German Confederation at Frankfurt from 1852 to 1866, and Otto von Bismarck, Prussia's delegate to this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assembly for much of that period, W. A. Van't Padje has suggested that 'the exceptionally personal and close )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friendship which [Sir Alexander] had enjoyed with the Iron Chancellor in the eighteen-fifties remains ... a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rare example of a cordial Anglo-German political relationship in the nineteenth century.')] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 458.756 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 458.756 207.777 m 472.748 207.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 472.748 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In the light of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karina Urbach's book on the Berlin ambassadorship of Lord Odo Russell, this conclusion seems somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questionable. If it is Van't Padje's contention that Bismarck delighted in unusually frank discussion with Sir )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alexander and preferred his company to that of his other foreign colleagues, then, on the basis of Dr )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Urbach's book, the same could be said to an even greater extent about the relationship between Bismarck and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lord Odo Russell. Indeed, from his appointment as ambassador in 1871 through to his death in situ in 1884, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Odo Russell seems to have been the doyen of the Berlin diplomatic corps, possessing exceptional access to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the chancellor and being able to take part in some surprisingly informal repartee. It would seem, therefore, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that notwithstanding the Bismarck-Malet relationship so carefully unearthed by Van't Padje, Dr Urbach is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correct in attributing to Lord Odo Russell, rather than to Sir Alexander Malet, the designation 'Bismarck's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favourite Englishman'. And, yet, what does this signify?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(110)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 March, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karina Urbach)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781860644384)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(39.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(286pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. B. Tauris)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Seligmann)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 458.7557 208.0915 472.7477 219.9715 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8465 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In drawing the reader's attention to these two contributions to the study of Anglo-German relations with their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrasting judgements about the identity of the British diplomat most amenable to Bismarck, it is not my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intention to judge the relative merits of their arguments. Nor do I wish to stress the differences between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Van't Padje's and Urbach's conclusions, much less to imply that a new historical controversy has come into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existence. Quite the contrary, in fact. The near-simultaneous publication of the article on Sir Alexander )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Malet and the monograph on Lord Odo Russell illustrate instead, to my mind, the emergence of a promising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new form of inquiry into the Second Reich: namely, the Germany that emerges through the prism of that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(privileged external observer, the British diplomat. Both Sir Alexander Malet and Lord Odo Russell, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(principally by virtue of their rank and position, but also as a result of their unusual intimacy with Bismarck )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(described by these authors, were afforded the opportunity to scrutinize the development of German affairs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from a perspective enjoyed by few others. The implications of this possibility are alluded to intriguingly in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Van't Padje's article, but form the very heart of Dr Urbach's study. Indeed, it is made very clear from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outset \(pp. 1-2\) that it is Odo's very foreignness ? a characteristic that provides him with large-scale )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immunity from the emotional extremes with which many Germans viewed \(and still view\) Bismarck ? that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes Odo's reports about Germany so valuable in Dr Urbach's historical judgement. This is not to say that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she makes the mistake of thinking that Odo was objective: rather she believes that his subjectivity was not so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediate as it was for Bismarck's German contemporaries and, thus, that he was able to perceive political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments in Germany in a manner not open to them. As a result, her book has the potential to add to our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of Odo Russell, the mechanics of British diplomacy in general, Anglo-German relations in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular, and also to provide new insights into Germany itself. It is in this context that it needs to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As is so often the case these days, it must be stated at the outset that research has been undertaken in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(area before. If we broaden the frame of reference in this respect to diplomats in general, rather than just to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those of British origin, then it should be noted that the image of Germany that appears in the reports and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence of American diplomats in Europe is currently a subject of much investigation by, amongst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others, Ragnhild Fiebig-von Hase, Frank Trommler, and, not entirely coincidentally, by this reviewer.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 523.292 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 523.292 414.675 m 537.284 414.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 537.284 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a similar fashion, the perceptions of British commentators on Germany have also been subject to evaluation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Works by the likes of Raymond James Sontag and Paul M. Kennedy have, for example, focused on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular and diplomatic perceptions behind the deterioration of Anglo-German relations from the mid-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century onwards.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 169.652 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 169.652 357.651 m 183.644 357.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 183.644 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Moreover, with the publication of such primary sources as the diary of Sir )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward Goschen, British Ambassador in Berlin from 1908 to 1914, it cannot be maintained that the views of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British diplomats in Germany have been entirely ignored.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 310.652 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 310.652 329.139 m 324.644 329.139 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 324.644 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Yet, at the same time, and despite all of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(above, it is not only the case that there is plenty of scope for new works in this area, but it is also true that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the monograph by Karina Urbach makes a decided and very useful contribution to this subject.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To begin with, while much of the work on external perceptions of the Second Reich has focused principally, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if not entirely, on the two decades prior to the outbreak of the First World War, Dr Urbach concentrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead on the less extensively scrutinized period of the decade following the Reichsgrndung. As a result, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her work goes some way towards making good the deficit regarding recent scholarly accounts of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resident external observers viewed the Second Reich immediately after its foundation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(No less significant is her decision to focus on the outlook of a British diplomat. At first glance, given the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multitude of contributions to the study of Anglo-German relations, it might seem that Dr Urbach has entered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a crowded field. Yet, a great many of the works on British diplomatic relations with Germany, such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent biography of Eyre Crowe )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 191.636 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 191.636 148.323 m 205.628 148.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 205.628 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, take as their starting point the activities of the centre, namely those of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Foreign Office or Cabinet. In these volumes, the reports of Britain's overseas representatives are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally evaluated, not on their own terms, but in the light of how they were received back in Whitehall. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This contrasts markedly with the recent corpus of material on American perceptions of Germany, which, on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the whole, do not prioritize the views of the State Department. Indeed, as a recent collection of essays has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrated, the American perspective is often evaluated on a more wide-ranging basis, with emphasis on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those Americans on the ground.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 186.992 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 186.992 62.787 m 200.984 62.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 200.984 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Dr Urbach's study of Lord Odo Russell and her consideration of his view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Germany, rather than just his influence over Whitehall policy-making, represents a useful shift in this )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 523.2917 414.9895 537.2837 426.8695 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 169.6517 357.9655 183.6437 369.8455 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 310.6517 329.4535 324.6437 341.3335 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 191.6357 148.6375 205.6277 160.5175 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 186.9917 63.1015 200.9837 74.9815 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 35 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Length 7716 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(direction in studies of the nature of British perceptions of Germany.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, and following directly from this, it should also be said that Dr Urbach's focus is on a figure who has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not been subject to the historical scrutiny that one might argue he deserves. Indicative of this is the fact that, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although written in the late 1930s, Winifried Taffs' biography of Lord Odo Russell is still the best-known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published account. This circumstance, on its own, would justify a renewed examination of his character and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(views.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Having said all of the above, it is of course true that identifying an important topic and writing a good book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about it are not always the same thing. Consequently, while there are sound reasons for holding out high )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expectations for this volume, the question remains: does it deliver all that it promises? I suspect that for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many readers the answer to this question will depend heavily on the type of history they enjoy. Bismarck's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Favourite Englishmen is a sharp and well-written ? at times, even witty ? examination of the views of Lord )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Odo Russell. It combines clear analysis with amusing vignettes. It is, however, resolute in examining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany principally in terms of high politics. This stance, which pleases this reviewer, but which will not be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(universally welcomed, is in part the unavoidable consequence of the outlook and interests of the book's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject. As Dr Urbach makes clear, Odo Russell, born into the aristocratic family headed by the Duke of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bedford, was, in his understanding of economics, a typical product of such a class background. 'It is ironic,' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she records on p.102, 'that Russell, a child of the "century of commerce" did not know much about business.' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This 'irony', while certainly not limited to Odo alone, undoubtedly circumscribed the range of his reporting. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the whole, and despite his prediction of the 1873 crash \(p.77\), one will search his reports in vain for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed analyses of Germany's remarkable economic development in this period. However, in his area of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expertise, namely German high politics, Odo's views certainly bear scrutiny.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In domestic matters, Odo's tenure of office coincided with the establishment and early development of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political structures of the new Empire, as well as with the waging of the Kulturkampf and the introduction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protective tariffs. The last point, being largely an economic issue, did not loom large in Odo's understanding, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but he did comment extensively on the other two developments. At the heart of his explanation was an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasis on the importance of personality. As he informed a young Arthur Nicolson at a ball attended by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kaiser Wilhelm I, Moltke, Roon and Bismarck, 'There you can observe the makers of modern Germany.'\(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(99\) Yet, if Odo was a strong believer in the role of the individual in history, he often advanced views that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have found favour with 1970s advocates of the German Sonderweg. In what reads like shades of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hans-Ulrich Wehler, Bismarck was depicted by Odo Russell as a 'Machiavellian' \(p. 90\) figure who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manipulated his Emperor as readily as he manipulated the parliament and people. Hence, at one level, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(virtue of his ability to dominate the Kaiser ? be it by argument, threats of resignation, or simply by sowing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the seeds of discord and division within the imperial family ? Bismarck appeared in Odo's correspondence as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparable to Wallenstein, the most famous of all overmighty subjects. Yet, at other times, Odo saw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bismarck as a more reactionary figure, who sought to protect the rights of Crown and Army, and threatened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to 'blow up the constitution' \(p. 152\) in a Staatsstreich, if the democratically elected Reichstag dared to block )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his proposals. And then there was Bismarck's crusade against the Catholic Church, the )] TJ ET BT 451.784 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kulturkampf)] TJ ET BT 512.456 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Odo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded this campaign as an exercise in futility: how, after all, does one fight a belief system? Accordingly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his explanation for why Bismarck embarked upon this policy was fundamentally one of political strategy. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Odo, who had long since come to realise that a vast gap existed between British and German conceptions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Liberalism ? 'German Liberals do not appear to me to know what liberty means' he wrote \(quoted on p.157\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? saw the )] TJ ET BT 81.668 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kulturkampf)] TJ ET BT 142.340 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as Bismarck's means of cementing in place his alliance with the National Liberal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party, whose members saw the Catholic Church as a dangerous 'ancient superstition' that needed to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fought. Many modern historians would agree with this assessment of Bismarck's motivation, as they would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Odo's belief that little was achieved by the whole )] TJ ET BT 297.476 133.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kulturkampf)] TJ ET BT 358.148 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( movement beyond the creation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sort of mass hysteria in which members of the public could seriously believe that the death of the Berlin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zoo's most popular lion was the intended outcome of a Jesuit conspiracy.\(p. 160\) In this, as in many matters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the German domestic scene, Odo had hit the nail squarely on the head.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Odo's role in Anglo-German relations is better known than his views about German internal affairs and, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this reason, it was probably inevitable that Dr Urbach would find it harder on this issue to bring so much )] TJ ET endstream endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R ] /Contents 37 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Length 7128 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new material to the reader's attention. That said, her study confirms the importance of Odo Russell in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negotiations over the eastern question in 1870 and also reminds us that he was not an unimportant figure at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Congress of Berlin in 1878. Of course, she cannot avoid acknowledging that he misjudged Bismarck's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial intentions in 1884 and that he was convinced, incorrectly, that Germany was hostile to Austria in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1870s. However, this book is not intended as an apology for Lord Odo Russell, but as a record of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambassadorship, and his embassy produced some judgements ahead of its time. Under Odo's watchful eye, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for example, General Walker, the Military Attach, recorded the interest among German army officers in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibility of an invasion of the British Isles \(p. 115\) and, thus, provided a foretaste of the 'bolt from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blue' scares that would be so prevalent around 1907. Walker was also prescient in anticipating the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emergence of Russo-German hostility \(p. 124\), a prediction that would prove all too accurate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In summation, I would like to focus on one final historical detail explored in this book. In 1878, Odo was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered a peerage by Disraeli's Conservative administration. Although desirous of accepting, he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuaded to turn down this honour on the grounds that as a member of a Whig family he should not accept )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a peerage from a rival political party. As a result, it would not be until Gladstone's return to office that Odo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was finally elevated to the title of Baron Ampthill. This little insight into British domestic political and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutional matters demonstrates the breadth of this study. It validates once again, as does the whole book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the point that, in the life of the individual, the general is illustrated in the particular.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 521.475 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 490.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(W. A. Van't Padje, 'Sir Alexander Malet and Prince Otto von Bismarck: an almost forgotten Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German friendship', )] TJ ET BT 162.488 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Research)] TJ ET BT 258.812 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 72 \(1999\), 285-300, on p. 300.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 411.800 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 411.800 475.203 m 465.788 475.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 462.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Contributions on this topic can be found in Hans-Jrgen Schrder \(ed.\), )] TJ ET BT 410.972 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Confrontation and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cooperation: German and the United States in the Era of World War I, 1900-1924)] TJ ET BT 461.996 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Providence, RI: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berg, 1993\); Matthew Seligmann, 'Germany and the origins of the First World War in the eyes of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American diplomatic establishment', )] TJ ET BT 242.828 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(German History)] TJ ET BT 321.152 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 15 \(1997\), 307-32.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 417.140 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 417.140 418.179 m 471.128 418.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 405.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Raymond James Sontag, )] TJ ET BT 185.348 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germany and England: Background of Conflict, 1848-1894)] TJ ET BT 472.328 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norton, 1969\); Paul M. Kennedy, )] TJ ET BT 228.668 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rise of the Anglo-German Antagonism, 1860-1914)] TJ ET BT 493.652 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Allen & Unwin, 1980\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 175.676 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 175.676 375.411 m 229.664 375.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 362.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher H. D. Howard \(ed.\), )] TJ ET BT 222.980 362.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Diary of Edward Goschen 1900-1914 )] TJ ET BT 428.300 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London: Royal Historical )] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Society, 1980\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 137.012 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 137.012 346.899 m 191.000 346.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 334.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sibyl Crowe and Edward Corp, )] TJ ET BT 218.000 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Our Ablest Public Servant: Sir Eyre Crowe 1864-1925)] TJ ET BT 480.980 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Braunton: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Merlin Books, 1993\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 167.348 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 167.348 318.387 m 221.336 318.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ragnhild Fiebig-von Hase & Jrgen Heideking \(eds\), )] TJ ET BT 323.984 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Zwei Wege in die Moderne: Aspekte der deutsch-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Amerikanischen Beziehungen 1900-1918)] TJ ET BT 260.648 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 488.912 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 488.912 289.875 m 542.900 289.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 265.013 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 246.031 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 228.251 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 228.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/110)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 226.857 m 322.316 226.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 201.880 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.480 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/701)] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.080 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 411.7997 475.5175 465.7877 487.3975 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 417.1397 418.4935 471.1277 430.3735 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 175.6757 375.7255 229.6637 387.6055 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 137.0117 347.2135 190.9997 359.0935 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 167.3477 318.7015 221.3357 330.5815 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 488.9117 290.1895 542.8997 302.0695 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 227.1715 322.3157 239.0515 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/110) >> endobj xref 0 52 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000572 00000 n 0000000661 00000 n 0000005000 00000 n 0000005109 00000 n 0000005219 00000 n 0000005328 00000 n 0000008889 00000 n 0000009017 00000 n 0000009101 00000 n 0000009130 00000 n 0000009258 00000 n 0000009294 00000 n 0000009406 00000 n 0000017924 00000 n 0000017954 00000 n 0000018082 00000 n 0000018118 00000 n 0000018148 00000 n 0000018276 00000 n 0000018312 00000 n 0000018342 00000 n 0000018470 00000 n 0000018506 00000 n 0000018536 00000 n 0000018664 00000 n 0000018700 00000 n 0000018730 00000 n 0000018856 00000 n 0000018892 00000 n 0000018957 00000 n 0000026726 00000 n 0000026852 00000 n 0000034033 00000 n 0000034161 00000 n 0000034216 00000 n 0000034344 00000 n 0000034399 00000 n 0000034527 00000 n 0000034582 00000 n 0000034710 00000 n 0000034765 00000 n 0000034893 00000 n 0000034948 00000 n 0000035076 00000 n 0000035131 00000 n 0000035259 00000 n trailer << /Size 52 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35354 %%EOF