%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 32 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140917202240+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140917202240+01'00') /Title (Streetlife: the Untold History of Europe's Twentieth Century) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R 21 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5200 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Streetlife: the Untold History of Europe's Twentieth Century)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leif Jerram has written )] TJ ET BT 148.652 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Streetlife )] TJ ET BT 194.984 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to encourage historians to reconsider and reflect upon the manner in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they construct narratives of modern history and the agency they attribute to traditional sources of events. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a book made possible by the growing body of urban history which has been inspired by the cultural and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical geography theories which recognise space and place as important facets of human life, particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those which have emphasised the role of the city in the creation of identities.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 401.960 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 401.960 229.161 m 415.952 229.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 415.952 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Whereas many urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(histories have tried to capture the impact of politics and social change on the city )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 425.624 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 425.624 214.905 m 439.616 214.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 439.616 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Jerram seeks to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand the reverse and the causative influence of these spaces over defining moments in modern history. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whilst other authors have also explored the impact of the city on national and international history )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 509.960 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 509.960 186.393 m 523.952 186.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 523.952 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jerram does so far more explicitly by shifting the emphasis away from the how and why of urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development. Instead he argues for a move from grand narrative writing \(although there is nothing new in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that\) towards the everyday, the complex nature of which requires the rejection of deceptively neat theories.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 129.369 m 48.008 129.369 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( To accomplish this the places and spaces in which political, social and cultural exchange and change )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occurs need to be reinserted into the history books. This is a history which is necessarily urban for it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mass migration to the cities which provoked a ?profound revolution? in the perceptions Europeans had of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves and their world \(p. 3\). Between the 1890s and 1970s this manifested itself in the everyday to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such an extent that Europe?s history was predominantly played out in its cities. In seeking this ?where? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jerram has identified five ?stories? which bring a range of spatial perspectives to the transformations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1105)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 July, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leif Jerram)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780192807076)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(352pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joanna Marchant)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 401.9597 229.4755 415.9517 241.3555 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 425.6237 215.2195 439.6157 227.0995 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 509.9597 186.7075 523.9517 198.5875 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 129.6835 48.0077 141.5635 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 6194 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experienced in the 20th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first of these, entitled ?Revolution on the streets?, draws on examples from Moscow, Paris, Vienna and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berlin amongst others to argue that cities have shaped politics in fundamental ways. From street protests and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(factory organisations, to the control of places of association such as pubs and even homes, Jerram )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates how the ?accidents of design and association and habit which evolved in those places gave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure and substance to some of the most important political transformations wrought in the century? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16\). The overriding objective here is to bridge the gap between the political decision process and its impact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the lives of ordinary people.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The narrative brought under scrutiny in the second chapter, ?No place for a lady?, is the well established )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea that female emancipation was driven by the desire for civil rights. At the heart of this is the notion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where a woman?s ?place? should be and where they actually wanted to be. Urbanisation radically shock up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the traditional systems which a women could expect her life to play out in. Although politically and socially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restricted in many ways, life before the city at least had the assurance of a home and a set of stable rights and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibilities. While the move to a city for many women freed them from domestic life it also constrained, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether in the ability to safely navigate physical spaces or in the restrictions it placed on the capacity to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enact family life. Overcrowding, shared dwellings or poor living conditions meant that the creation of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?home? became a priority. The attainment of this was \(and is\) a ?key index of female ?citizenship?? ? not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the exercise of political rights, acquisition of knowledge, or a professional job \(p. 104\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Next Jerram deals with ?The cultured metropolis.? Here the author is explicit in his rejection of culture as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrowly defined by ?high? human output and interaction, such as that which can be found in the museum or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opera house. Rather Jerram argues for a culture which encompasses activities sometimes confined to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realms of leisure so as to promote understanding of the ways in which people have represented themselves to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the world and the world to themselves. Broadening the definition of culture provides a convincing counter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument to the lament of those who mourn its dumbing down. Popular culture in the 20th century belonged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the city. These were the emerging cultures of football, dancing, music, cinema and television, activities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which required a new system of spaces in which to be enacted, spaces which in turn have defined what is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumed and how. The new cultural arenas, whether the football stadium, the night club, or the living )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(room, transformed life within European cities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The following ?story? is that of ?Sex and the city?, a chapter which sets out to challenge the narrative that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 20th century witnessed progressive sexual liberation. Instead the sexual freedom attainable at the turn of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the century was whittled away by the growing determination of the State to control peoples? bodies. The role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the city in either facilitating of disabling the exploration and fulfilment of desire was a crucial component )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the sexual lives of many. Jerram tells this history predominantly from the perspective of gay men. Though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a decision made by archival records rather than any agenda of the author, the experience of homosexuals is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used to stand for the sexual history of all. One glaring difference however is the level of persecution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffered. As the policing of private lives heightened men who engaged in sex with other men were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly required to define themselves as gay. Self-labelling in this way had not been required in the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th or early 20th century when sex was considered an act rather than a source of identity. As interference in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lives of homosexuals reached a peak \(particularly in 1950s Britain\) and the private space of the home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became violated a fight began to reclaim spaces in which sexual preference could be freely expressed. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(city was a vital place in which this struggle was played out, the outcome of which was the creation of gay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?scenes?, areas where gay venues were and are still localised.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R ] /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 7513 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the final thematic chapter, ?Building utopia?, )] TJ ET BT 266.984 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Streetlife)] TJ ET BT 310.316 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( moves to the subject of planning and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(permeation throughout the 20th century?s administrative approaches to its ?problems?. While arguing that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the plan represented the ?genius? of the century, particularly as an effective solution to the spread of disease, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pollution, noise and loneliness, it was the logic behind planning which enabled the systematic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implementation of the Holocaust, the Ukranian famine, the Cultural Revolution and the European Union?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Common Agricultural Police. In all its varieties it affected the ?shape, material and fabric? of the city and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequently revolutionised lives \(p. 318\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Within these chapters Jerram succeeds in bringing the grand narrative down to street level. The reader is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immersed in a series of vivid depictions of the day-to-day experienced by a multitude of individuals and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups. Colour, atmosphere, joy, austerity and hardship is brought to a variety of places from the music hall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the home. Although the title of this book suggests a tale of public space, it is in fact often the interaction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the public and private which is shown to force change, whether through the desire to move from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one to the other, developing policies of control or the transformation and flux between the two. It is this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(level of complex consideration given to the subject which makes )] TJ ET BT 347.972 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Streetlife )] TJ ET BT 394.304 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a highly impressive read. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clever navigation between history writ large and the anecdotal \(an absolute necessity for any historian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hoping to locate the everyday meaningfully\) makes this book not only academically engaging but also an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enjoyable read. Jerram?s obvious enthusiasm and ability to condense a broad range of topics and lengthy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time span without overwhelming the reader is a worthy example for authors with similarly ambitious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intentions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Streetlife )] TJ ET BT 80.348 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an important work for anyone interested in urban history, especially those looking to merge the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structural, social and political developments of the city with the great national and international histories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditionally told. Likewise historians of the 20th century wishing to consider new perspectives on a well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rehashed subject should consult this work. Jerram has by no means exhausted the topic. He openly admits )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that his work is not comprehensive \(including the major omission of economics\) and there is much scope for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others to build upon his ideas. Aside from extending the time frame or geographical borders, the themes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dealt with warrant far more detailed attention within this context for each has potential to generate a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantial body of fascinating research. Although it would highly questionable to assert the city?s agency )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(above political institutions or economic forces, understanding the role of the everyday through the urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environment, a space which acts as the point of interaction between the political and economic situation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of the populace, presents the opportunity to improve our knowledge of the subtleties of history. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This review is best concluded in the same manner as )] TJ ET BT 289.304 320.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Streetlife)] TJ ET BT 332.636 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? with a word on history?s judgement of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cities. In his epilogue Jerram encourages the reader to reflect upon the way in which cities are evaluated, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both historically and within contemporary society. Frequently our urban centres are portrayed negatively, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially within the media. Often they are characterised as sources of racial tension and alienation and as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spaces which undermine community and shared identities. The complicated and sophisticated networks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the city which have brought benefits and improvements to our lives are systematically overlooked. This is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pessimistic state of affairs for our future, for if Jerram is right to attribute historical agency to these places )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and spaces then not recognising their true significance means mistakes of the past are likely to be repeated. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turn to the spaces of city and both problems and solutions will be located there. Given that many people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who read this book will themselves have experience of urban life, it is the author?s exploration of how we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have arranged our lives in close proximity to so many others and enacted out our struggles through unity or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hostility which brings another dimension to )] TJ ET BT 246.020 163.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Streetlife)] TJ ET BT 289.352 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Consequently this work will not solely be of interest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to someone in their capacity as a researcher but also as a city inhabitant.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.819 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 84.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Place, Culture and Identity, )] TJ ET BT 200.672 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. I. S. Black and R. A. Burns \(Quebec, 2001\); )] TJ ET BT 433.304 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Composing Urban )] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History and the Constitution of Civic Identities, )] TJ ET BT 295.364 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. J. Czaplicka, B. A. Ruble and L. Crabtree )] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Washington DC, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 182.672 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 182.672 54.291 m 236.660 54.291 l S endstream endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 182.6717 54.6055 236.6597 66.4855 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 3320 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H. Meller, )] TJ ET BT 116.672 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(European Cities 1890)] TJ ET BT 222.008 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 228.008 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1930s: History, Culture and the Built Environment, )] TJ ET BT 478.340 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chichester, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 780.819 m 149.000 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. Lees and L. Hollen Lees, )] TJ ET BT 202.316 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cities and the Making of Modern Europe, 1750?)] TJ ET BT 436.304 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1914 \(Cambridge, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 752.307 m 118.004 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 739.450 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The complexity of the everyday has also been sought in )] TJ ET BT 334.640 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Testimonies of the City: Identity, Community )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Change in a Contemporary Urban World, )] TJ ET BT 290.012 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. R. Rodger and J. Herbert \(Aldershot, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 518.636 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 518.636 723.795 m 558.632 723.795 l S BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 709.539 m 78.008 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(BBC History)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historyextra.com/oup/high-rise-heroes-and-big-society)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 628.515 m 353.972 628.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 356.972 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Financial Times)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/89284d6e-7766-11e0-824c-00144feabdc0.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 600.003 m 392.984 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 395.984 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 596.671 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 578.891 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 578.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1105)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 577.497 m 328.316 577.497 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 552.520 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 538.120 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7744)] TJ ET BT 34.016 523.720 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.historyextra.com/oup/high-rise-heroes-and-big-society)] TJ ET BT 34.016 509.320 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/89284d6e-7766-11e0-824c-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1MoZiGRKd)] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 781.1335 148.9997 793.0135 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 752.6215 118.0037 764.5015 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 518.6357 724.1095 558.6317 735.9895 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 709.8535 78.0077 721.7335 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 628.8295 353.9717 640.7095 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historyextra.com/oup/high-rise-heroes-and-big-society) >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 600.3175 392.9837 612.1975 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/89284d6e-7766-11e0-824c-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1MoZiGRKd) >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 577.8115 328.3157 589.6915 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1105) >> endobj xref 0 48 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000563 00000 n 0000000673 00000 n 0000005925 00000 n 0000006034 00000 n 0000006144 00000 n 0000006253 00000 n 0000009814 00000 n 0000009942 00000 n 0000010026 00000 n 0000010055 00000 n 0000010183 00000 n 0000010219 00000 n 0000010248 00000 n 0000010376 00000 n 0000010412 00000 n 0000010441 00000 n 0000010569 00000 n 0000010605 00000 n 0000010634 00000 n 0000010760 00000 n 0000010796 00000 n 0000010861 00000 n 0000017108 00000 n 0000017192 00000 n 0000024758 00000 n 0000024884 00000 n 0000024939 00000 n 0000025065 00000 n 0000028438 00000 n 0000028565 00000 n 0000028620 00000 n 0000028747 00000 n 0000028802 00000 n 0000028930 00000 n 0000028985 00000 n 0000029111 00000 n 0000029166 00000 n 0000029293 00000 n 0000029409 00000 n 0000029536 00000 n 0000029669 00000 n 0000029797 00000 n trailer << /Size 48 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 29893 %%EOF