%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140820135337+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140820135337+01'00') /Title (Caribbean Publishing in Britain. A Tribute to Arif Ali) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4499 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Caribbean Publishing in Britain. A Tribute to Arif Ali)] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I was worried when I saw the title of this book. Was it a history of publishing? Or a history of Arif Ali? And )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does ?tribute? mean when it was published by the object of the accolade? An autobiography? The authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thank the 28 people for their ?help and encouragement?; then Arif extends his thanks to ?the many people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(about 525\) who have helped him with his publishing and campaigning activities over the last 40 years?. So )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is this a book by the Hoyles or by Ali?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This large format book is profusely illustrated with photographs, portraits and magazine and newspaper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cover pages and stories. There are usually interesting quotations at the beginning of each chapter either about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or by the chapter?s subject. The first 50 pages tell the history of publishing by Caribbean authors/publishers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the UK. \(I have expanded on some of this history below, when the Hoyles? accounts are insufficient.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter one, ?Introduction: black publishing in Britain?, deals with the earliest Black authors published. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most important publication, as it was read by many in a number of languages and is still in print, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Olaudah Equiano?s)] TJ ET BT 127.664 121.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(African \()] TJ ET BT 77.012 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1789\), an anti-slavery tract, published by Equiano himself with financial support from a wide range )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of subscribers. This was probably the fourth book published by Black authors in the UK: the first was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probably )] TJ ET BT 79.676 78.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Narrative of the Most remarkable Particulars in the Life of James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(an African Prince, As related by himself )] TJ ET BT 230.000 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published)] TJ ET BT 279.668 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with aid from the Calvinist/Methodist Church \(1772\); )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral )] TJ ET BT 273.344 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Phillis Wheatley, an African-American woman freed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1106)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 July, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Asher Hoyles)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin Hoyles)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1970)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(164pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hansib Publications)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marika Sherwood)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8629 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from slavery on publication of her book, was published in 1773;)] TJ ET BT 345.320 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Ignatius Sancho?s )] TJ ET BT 455.636 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Letters of the Late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ignatius Sancho, An African. In Two Volumes. To Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of His Life)] TJ ET BT 472.664 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( appeared in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1782.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Then comes Jamaica-born Robert Wedderburn, free-born son of an enslaved woman raped by her owner, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who arrived in England 1778 as a seaman. He became a tailor, joined the Methodist Church, then the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unitarian and also the radical Spenceans campaigning for equality. Wedderburn published a number of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own pamphlets and his autobiography. Dominican Celestine Edwards also arrived in Britain as a seaman; he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settled in Edinburgh then moved to East London, where he spoke on the Primitive Methodist platform )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mainly on temperance issues. His book )] TJ ET BT 224.996 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From Slavery To a Bishopric, or, The Life of Bishop Walter Hawkins )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of the British Methodist Episcopal Church Canada)] TJ ET BT 278.696 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was published in London in 1891. The following year he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was appointed to the editorship of the journals )] TJ ET BT 259.328 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lux)] TJ ET BT 277.328 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 300.656 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fraternity)] TJ ET BT 349.988 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. \(We are told nothing about these two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journals, or given any explanation for Edwards? appointment.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The account of the 20th century begins with Henry Sylvester Williams, the organiser of the Pan-African )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conference held in London in 1900 and the resulting publication )] TJ ET BT 347.984 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pan-Africa)] TJ ET BT 401.312 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( whose first issue appeared in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1901. \(Sadly only copies of the first issue have been preserved.\) We then jump to the 1930s and Dr. Harold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moody, founder of the League of Coloured Peoples. Its publication, )] TJ ET BT 362.972 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Keys)] TJ ET BT 407.300 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a monthly journal of news of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activism by and events in the Black communities in Britain, began to appear in 1933. The information here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is sufficient, but again, there are no references, nor are we told where the copies of this ? or any of the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books/pamphlets/journals mentioned can be located.\) Chapter six is on Marcus Garvey, with far too little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of his importance or his publications, and little mention of the content of his London journal, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Black Man)] TJ ET BT 86.336 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1936?40\). There is no mention at all of Garvey?s )] TJ ET BT 331.952 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tragedy of White Injustice)] TJ ET BT 480.608 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( published in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London in 1935.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ras T. Makonnen, chronicled next, is confusingly sometimes listed as the publisher of the two monthly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journals, )] TJ ET BT 78.680 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Africa and the World)] TJ ET BT 180.344 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(July ? September 1937\) and )] TJ ET BT 324.320 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(International African Opinion)] TJ ET BT 468.992 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(July 1938 ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Feb/March 1939\) which were in fact published by the International African Service Bureau \(IASB\) ? that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a member of the IASB does not make him the publisher. However, he )] TJ ET BT 393.956 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(was )] TJ ET BT 415.628 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the publisher of the post-war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monthly )] TJ ET BT 77.024 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pan-Africa )] TJ ET BT 133.352 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and had set up a bookshop \(and a factory and a restaurant\) in Manchester. There is no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention of )] TJ ET BT 89.348 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The African Sentinel )] TJ ET BT 191.012 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oct.1937 ? April 1938\))] TJ ET BT 306.992 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 312.992 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was most likely also an IASB publication as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it emanated from the same address; it was edited by I. T. A. Wallace Johnson who was General Secretary of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the IASB, while the other two had been edited by George Padmore. There is no mention at all of the IASB )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pamphlets.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean News)] TJ ET BT 136.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was published by the London branch of the Caribbean Labour Congress between 1952 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 1956. We are not told who edited it. Claudia Jones? )] TJ ET BT 305.648 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(West Indian Gazette)] TJ ET BT 402.968 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, with a broader perspective, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(replaced the )] TJ ET BT 95.324 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(News)] TJ ET BT 121.328 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1958; with Claudia?s death in 1964 it ceased publication. The coverage of Claudia?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work and of the paper is adequate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter ten deals with the magazines, )] TJ ET BT 218.984 237.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Topic)] TJ ET BT 246.320 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(June 1960 ? August 1961\) and )] TJ ET BT 402.632 237.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Flamingo)] TJ ET BT 449.300 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(which replaced )] TJ ET BT 532.268 237.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Topic)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), both edited by Scobie. \(The first was financed by two Jamaica businessmen ? but who financed )] TJ ET BT 504.932 223.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Flamingo)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?\) Both contained short stories, biographies, book reviews, reports of exhibitions, music, fashions, sport, etc. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and articles on Africa and politics. Despite a fairly wide circulation the magazine only lasted from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(September 1961 till June 1963. )] TJ ET BT 186.680 180.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Daylight International)] TJ ET BT 295.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( , ?The Negro News Magazine? lasted barely a few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(months in 1963 and Jan Carew?s )] TJ ET BT 195.332 166.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Magnet)] TJ ET BT 231.992 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ?The Voice of Afro-Asian Caribbean Peoples? also only survived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a few months in 1965.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While some of these chapters are almost adequate, most are not. Most importantly, there are no references )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even for quotations and we are not told where the copies of the books/pamphlets/journals mentioned can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(located. Nor is there any attempt to explore publications in Liverpool and Cardiff, for example. And, sadly, I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suppose because he was not from the Caribbean but directly from Africa, Dus Mohamed Ali and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(African Times and Orient Review)] TJ ET BT 194.672 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are not included.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7308 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters 11?13 are page-and-a-half histories of the major post-war publishing firms, Bogle L?Ouverture, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Beacon and Hansib Publications.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Curiously, as there are no chapters on the other British colonies in the Caribbean \(or on the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peoples of African origins/descent in the United Kingdom\), we now get some 26 pages of the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what used to be called British Guiana, dealing with the native population, the importation of African and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then Indian labour, the colonial period and the attainment of independence. Of course, this is to situate Arif )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ali in his birthplace. The format remains the same: quotations at the beginning of each chapter and profuse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70 or so pages recount the history of Arif Ali: the descendant of an indentured labourer imported from India, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the time of his birth in 1935 his family had become wealthy landowners. In 1957, after graduating from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(high school in Georgetown, he came to Britain and worked as a porter in a hospital, then on the buses, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shops \(bought one in 1966\), and also managed pop groups. He joined the Labour Party and worked for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Transport Workers? Union.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With the money he obtained from selling his shop, Ali started a weekly paper, the )] TJ ET BT 429.632 563.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Westindian Digest)] TJ ET BT 517.964 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1971, with the aim of ?improving community relations? \(p. 113\). The magazine made a loss, but when Ali )] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(told his printing firm?s manager that he wanted to ?produce something positive about our achievements in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this country?, he received considerable credit and by October 1972 the circulation reached 10,000. In 1973 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he acquired the )] TJ ET BT 110.324 506.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(West Indian World)] TJ ET BT 200.984 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from its founder St.Vincentian Aubrey Baynes; this took up political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues, and campaigned eg on education issues in the UK. This was followed by the )] TJ ET BT 438.296 491.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Asian Digest)] TJ ET BT 499.964 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1980. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For somewhat complicated reasons, Ali ?passed on? the )] TJ ET BT 305.636 477.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(West Indian World)] TJ ET BT 396.296 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to his staff in 1977 and started )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the weekly )] TJ ET BT 89.336 463.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean Times)] TJ ET BT 172.340 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1981; this supported Maurice Bishop in Grenada, campaigned against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apartheid in South Africa and reported on the many racist ?incidents? and police brutality in the UK. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Asian Digest)] TJ ET BT 95.684 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was replaced by the weekly )] TJ ET BT 234.308 434.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Asian Times)] TJ ET BT 293.312 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1983 and the )] TJ ET BT 373.640 434.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(African Times)] TJ ET BT 441.308 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was begun in 1984. ?In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all the publications Arif was reaching a readership of about half a million people? \(p.134\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 1973 Ali, as Hansib Publications \(founded in 1970 and named after his parents\), published )] TJ ET BT 484.964 394.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Westindians in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Great Britain, )] TJ ET BT 105.020 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a book)] TJ ET BT 140.348 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he had edited. In 1997 Ali sold his newspapers in order to concentrate on book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publishing. Hansib now has about 125 publications!)] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are chapters which deal with Ali?s political involvements with local Black organisations and some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the struggles he undertook: for example, to persuade local authorities to publish job advertisements in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(papers, thereby indicating that the positions were open to Black applicants. He also supported ?Radio Black )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Londoners? \(p.123; presumably the Radio London program\), but we are not told what form this support )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took. Ali gave talks around the UK and was ?in the forefront of the campaign against a racist society ? His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work brought Caribbean people together, in the tradition of Claudia Jones?, recalled Alex Pascall \(p. 123\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By 1953 Hansib employed 140 staff \(p. 134\) and also provided training and work experience to many young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blacks. Hansib also supported community activities with awards, but what form these took is not reported.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ali was involved in black political organisations such as the Indian Workers Association and the West )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indian Standing Conference and served on the Government?s Caribbean Advisory Group from 1997 to 2002. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He has travelled frequently to the Caribbean and at least once to Libya and has in the past few years become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more involved with Guyana, launching, selling and donating books to local libraries and as prizes for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competitions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book concludes with: ?Despite all his success, Arif has remained with his feet on the ground. It is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 115.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprising that he would not accept a knighthood or a peerage?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 89.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is a useful list of Hansib publications and also a bibliography, but no index. And the section on Arif )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ali is very much a ?tribute? as there is no exploration of some issues: for example, what was going on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Ali and the )] TJ ET BT 133.328 61.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(West Indian World)] TJ ET BT 223.988 61.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( staff that led to the ?handover?? Why did he go to Libya? And )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1562 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps more importantly, was there a change in the market for such publications? Ali?s papers/magazines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survived for years whereas their predecessors died young. Were more copies sold? Was there more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advertising to keep Ali?s papers float? Is there still a market for Black newspapers and if not, why not?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So: a useful introduction to some Black British publishers, though some of the more recent ones are not even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentioned; and very useful illustrations. And, as befits a ?tribute?, an unquestioning account of a man who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is certainly a very important historical figure, not only in the publishing world but also the world of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggle.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The authors decline to comment.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 655.951 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 638.171 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 638.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1106)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 636.777 m 328.316 636.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 611.800 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 597.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7745)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 637.0915 328.3157 648.9715 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1106) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000557 00000 n 0000000639 00000 n 0000005190 00000 n 0000005299 00000 n 0000005409 00000 n 0000005518 00000 n 0000009079 00000 n 0000009207 00000 n 0000009291 00000 n 0000009356 00000 n 0000018038 00000 n 0000018103 00000 n 0000025464 00000 n 0000025548 00000 n 0000027163 00000 n 0000027291 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27387 %%EOF