%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416190358+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416190358+01'00') /Title (Environmental History: As if Nature Existed) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4019 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Environmental History: As if Nature Existed)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Environmental historians take pride in the interdisciplinary character of their field. Yet they practice this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interdisciplinarity mostly by drawing from methodologies and approaches from several disciplines. Rarer, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and definitively more challenging, are the attempts to establish an actual dialogue between disciplines. That )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is exactly what John McNeill, Jos Pdua and Mahesh Rangarajan have sought to do in their edited volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Environmental History: As if Nature Existed)] TJ ET BT 247.676 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? and the result is a valuable contribution to both environmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history and ecological economics. The book puts together the papers presented at the panel ?Talking across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines: environmental history and ecological economics?, held in New Delhi in December 2006, during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Ninth Biennial Conference of the International Society of Ecological Economics. It demanded a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkable collaboration effort across time zones in three continents, but it was finally published in early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Environmental history and ecological economy seem to constitute a natural \(no pun intended\) association for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental studies. After all, one of the classics of environmental historiography is Donald Worster?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nature?s Economy)] TJ ET BT 125.672 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, published for the first time in 1977. And the influential works of Herman Daly do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include a fair amount of historical analysis, mostly in case studies. And yet there is still a demand for a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1111)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 August, 2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John R. McNeill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mahesh Rangarajan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jose Augusto Padua)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780198064480)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(22.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(240pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Delhi)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lise Sedrez)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6304 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicit integration between the two disciplines, an integration that at once accounts for the diversity in focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and methodology and underlines the overlapping of agendas and concerns. )] TJ ET BT 395.612 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Environmental History: As if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nature Existed)] TJ ET BT 105.680 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( partially answers to this demand.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume is divided in three parts: global studies, macro regional studies and case studies ? or micro-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regional studies. The four articles in the first part comprise theoretical reflections on the connections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between economics and history in the analysis of environmental issues. John McNeill?s article opens this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section by emphasising the editor?s proposal, and works as a )] TJ ET BT 328.976 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(de facto)] TJ ET BT 367.304 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( introduction for the entire book. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McNeill writes on the development of environmental history in Asia, both thematically and nationally, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlighting the areas of potential contact for ecological economists. Aware of the limitations posed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language barriers in a continent with so many rich academic traditions, McNeill analyzes in particular Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental historiography. Indian historians are obviously more accessible to English-speaking readers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and have shown a fascinating and inspiring focus on studies of the relationship between State and nature, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both in the colonial as in the national periods. According to McNeill, there is some similarity between Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Latin American environmental historiography for their more political content and stronger political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment, when compared to their European or North American counterparts. In contrast, Chinese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians have shown little interest in environmental history ? and most of the work done in the field comes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from ecological historians. Although McNeill does not suggest it explicitly, there seems to be room for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Asian environmental history to develop just by exchanging more of these national historiographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditions ? which, as a bonus, would also bring environmental history and ecological economy closer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In sequence, the work of Krausmann, Shandl and Fischer-Kowalski follows this path of integrating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines, by incorporating concepts of social-metabolic regimes into their analysis of industrialization )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(processes between history and ecological economics. Social metabolism is a concept familiar to ecology )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economics and environmental sociologists, but environmental historians only recently have tackled it ? as, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for instance, in the work of Joan Martinez Alier. In fact, the article may read somewhat uncomfortably for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians: after all, historians are used to studies on the ?relationship between population and the land, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(energy and materials?, and even ?the biophysical characteristics of the agrarian and current industrial socio-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metabolic regimes?, as the authors put it; but fewer, unless they are Donald Worster, are ready to discuss )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the necessity to design a new, sustainable industrial regime? \(p. 27\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The other two articles take a more traditional route, but they also explore the potential wealth of an alliance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between environmental history and ecological economics for the development of methodologies of analysis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for contemporary or historical environmental questions. Tommaso Luzatti, for instance, writes on the life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and work of German economist William Kapp, in a way that, far from being a traditional biography of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrated intellectuals, proposes an intricate \(and sometimes confused, despite the very creative approach\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation of Knapp?s works not only in their own time, but within more modern debates on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sustainability and the limits of economic growth. In fact, while tackling very complex themes, Luzatti )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presents a convincing argument for the relevance of Knapp to a larger debate on sustainability, ethics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics. In the last article of this group, Abeysuriya, Mitchell and Willetts propose a broader approach and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore Thomas Kuhn?s concept of scientific revolutions to understand the evolution of urban sanitary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(processes in Europe. It is a delightful mix of classic environmental history bibliography and very ecological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economics-inspired schematic figures, in a daring, if not completely developed, argument and it fits very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well with the book proposal.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7517 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The two remaining parts, however, cannot hold up to the same global promise. In fact, with the single )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exception of Jos Augusto Padua?s article on the European colonialism and the destruction of tropical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forests in Brazil, Asia remains the main focus for all contributors, and within Asia, India. The emphasis on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Asian themes is not surprising, considering how the book was conceived ? and the predominance of India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confirms McNeill?s comment earlier that India?s environmental history has advanced considerably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compared to its neighbors. But it is slightly disappointing that, for instance, Padua?s text underlines the need )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the construction of global comparative structures for a better understanding of the deforestation process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Brazil, but the volume itself does not actually address this.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This limitation should not discourage readers, particularly non-Asian readers, from engaging with the book. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First of all, it does address an annoyingly persistent demand in the literature for introductory narratives on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the environmental history of Asia, accessible to the public in general. Despite some isolated advances in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(field, the other two macro-regional studies, by Bao Maohong and by Mahesh Rangarajan, represent much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needed and welcome additions to this literature. In particular, Maohong composes a pluri-secular narrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of China?s environmental history which, if it sometimes risks superficiality, sets up a useful map to locate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the recent economic history of the country within a wider context. It includes a discussion on the Huang )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(River of about 5,000 years ago, long-term climate change in China, and very up-to-date reports on China?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Green GDP experiments, drawing from studies on geography, environmental policy and agrarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(science.Bao?s bibliography is in fact a gift to any student interested in the environmental history of China, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regardless of the time period. In contrast, Mahesh Rangarajan?s contribution focuses on a relatively short )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time period, related to Jawaharlal Nehru?s writings since 1905. The importance of Nehru for the building of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern India cannot be overemphasized ? and the publishing market has enough biographies of him to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prove it. Yet, Rangarajan pursues a novel approach to his work, by calling attention to his ambivalence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarding nature and the role of science in India. Nehru emerges from this article as a much more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multidimensional than the relentless apostle of progress who once described Bhakra Nangal Dam as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?new temple of resurgent India?. Rangarajan shows a more nuanced Nehru, who wrote lyrically about birds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while in prison, who had refused to hunt wild animals since 1916, and who wrote to his daughter in 1940 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?nature must be allied to life, to flowers, to trees and mountains and rivers ? otherwise it is lifeless? ? a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quote which could be easily attributed to Aldo Leopold. Yet he is still the Nehru of giant dams and irrigation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(projects, no less an enthusiast of large projects of water diversion than his British engineers and colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predecessors. Like Bao, Rangarajan seeks to reach a new audience, and his careful analysis of Nehru?s texts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes them accessible even for readers with little familiarity with Indian history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The micro-regional studies, which constitute the third part of the book, also keep up with this Asian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective. As case studies, they may be somewhat taxing for the same non-Asian readers who were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attracted to the macro-regional articles ? and a map or two would have definitively eased the way for those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers. In addition to their own value for the literature in the field, however, these studies may inspire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians and economists to incorporate new viewpoints in their local analyses for more global, comparative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives, as suggested by Padua. For instance, Asmita Bhardwaj?s article, ?From the Green Revolution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the Gene Revolution in India, 1965?2008?, surely offers a remarkable springboard for scholars of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mexican Green Revolution to place their studies within a global framework. It would not be the first time: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20 years ago, Vandana Shiva?s writings led many Latin Americans in their critique of the much vaunted first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Green Revolution, as the importance of both Mexico and India in this historical process has been well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established. Bhardwaj knowledgeably discusses both the development of biogenetic technologies and that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Indian legislation, and she presents the dilemmas of Indian peasants and rural producers in the face of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction of biotechnology in a way that is all too familiar for Latin American historians. V. P. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Raghavan?s text, while less engaging in its narrative, also broaches a little explored but very important topic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for modern environmental studies: the environmental consequences of migratory movements. In the case of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kerala, in India, Raghavan?s focus on internal migration avoids most of the legal considerations that have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shaped much of the immigration debate in Europe and the Americas. Instead, the author outlines the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecological and environmental characteristics of peasant migration within the region of Kerala on the rural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economy and societies of both Travancore ? the place of origin of the migration ? and Malabar ? its )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4343 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(destination, within a historical perspective. It is a sad tale of community loss and environmental degradation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one that deserves further study than a chapter in an edited volume can allow; nevertheless, Raghavan?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proposal of criteria by which to analyze migration movements within environmental history is certainly a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable contribution. Finally, the last article in the volume, by Golam Rasul, also draws from multiple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines to discuss the environmental degradation, in this case, in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rasul focuses, however, on the policy roots for environmental degradation, and emphasizes the role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state in defining short-term policies with long-term consequences for the region. In fact, Rasul analyzes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actions of several administrations within the traditional periodization for Bangladesh: the British Colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period, the Pakistan period and the Bangladesh period. On the one hand, the article?s conclusion confirms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the importance of local communities in environmental conservation and the dire consequences of alienating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local peoples from resource management. On the other hand, the article also highlights how local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities promptly reacted to governmental policies and to the way they perceived the enforcement of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these policies ? although they did not react always in the direction their governments would have liked. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shifting relationship between local population and state policies is a classic theme in environmental history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Rosul?s use of historical series of population growth, forested areas and institutional policies shapes his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative within a framework that hopefully invites future comparisons to be made using longer, more in-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depth analyses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Environmental History: As if Nature Existed )] TJ ET BT 250.676 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thus has two great accomplishments. First, in geographic terms: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the support of well-known names such as John McNeill and Jos Pdua, the book unveils a wealth of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates and challenges on the environmental history of Asia that promises great rewards for historians who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dare to cross intercontinental bridges. Without being exactly world history, it offers more than enough to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make the book very enticing reading for an international public. And secondly, in disciplinary terms: if at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times the language, methodologies and theoretical approaches derived from ecological economics may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appear a mysterious puzzle for environmental historians, and vice-versa, the final high quality of )] TJ ET BT 501.260 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(As if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nature Existed)] TJ ET BT 105.680 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is proof that it pays to cross not only geographic, but also disciplinary bridges.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 425.599 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 407.819 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 407.819 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1111)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 406.425 m 328.316 406.425 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 381.448 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 367.048 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/7751)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 406.7395 328.3157 418.6195 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1111) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000546 00000 n 0000000628 00000 n 0000004699 00000 n 0000004808 00000 n 0000004918 00000 n 0000005027 00000 n 0000008588 00000 n 0000008716 00000 n 0000008800 00000 n 0000008865 00000 n 0000015222 00000 n 0000015287 00000 n 0000022857 00000 n 0000022941 00000 n 0000027337 00000 n 0000027465 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27561 %%EOF